State and Local Policy Database

Local Government Summary

Energy use can account for as much as 10 percent of a local government’s annual operating budget, and that proportion may increase as energy prices rise. City governments have great opportunities to lead by example, as they advance energy-efficient technologies and practices by adopting policies and programs to save energy in public sector buildings and fleets. Efficiency initiatives focused on city operations are often a stepping stone leading to efforts to improve efficiency throughout the community.

Arlington’s Community Energy Plan articulates the county’s energy-related goals for its internal government operations.  The Arlington Initiative to Rethink Energy oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: May 2017

Atlanta’s 2015 Climate Action Plan details the city’s energy goals for its internal government operations. To date, the city’s focus has been on reducing energy use at City Hall, reducing gasoline usage in the municipal fleet, and increasing recycling at the Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport. The Office of Sustainability works with city departments to coordinate implementation efforts toward their local government goals.

Last updated: February 2017

Austin’s Climate Program works with city departments to develop customized climate protection plans and implement strategies to achieve Austin’s 2007 local government goal to make city operations (including vehicle fleet) carbon-neutral by 2020. The city’s climate protection plans outlines strategies to reduce carbon emissions through different means and may focus on energy, fuel, water, or waste reduction initiatives or employee behavioral programs. Austin also has benchmarking and procurement and construction policies in place to increase efficiency.

Last updated: February 2017

Baltimore’s 2009 Sustainability Plan outlines the city’s energy and climate goals for the overall community and discusses initiatives for local government operations. The Strategic Management Energy Plan includes goals to reduce city government energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Within Baltimore’s government, the Department of Public Works’s (DPW) Office of Sustainable Energy works to displace fossil energy use and reduce overall energy use and consumption by focusing on improving energy systems in buildings and increasing its’ vehicle fleet efficiency.

Last updated: February 2017

We could not confirm if Birmingham has an overarching plan or strategy for improving energy efficiency in the city’s internal government operations.

Last updated: February 2017

Boston’s 2014 Climate Action Plan Update and Energy Reduction Plan detail the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations. Boston’s varied strategies work to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from municipal buildings, streetlights, transportation, and procurement of new equipment.

Last updated: February 2017

Boulder’s Climate Action Plan articulates the city’s energy-related goal for its internal government operations.  The Facilities and Asset Management Division oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: October 2015

Burlington’s Climate Action Plan, updated in 2013, describes the city’s energy-related goals for its internal government operations.  According to the plan, their primary focus is reducing municipal vehicle miles traveled and increasing energy efficiency in municipal buildings.

Last updated: October 2015

Carrboro does not have an overarching plan or strategy for improving energy efficiency in the town’s internal government operations, but Resolution 78/2009-10 describes the town’s energy vision.  The Planning Department is responsible for overseeing the town’s energy-related initiatives.

Last updated: April 2014

The Environmental Focus Area of Charlotte’s Strategic Plan outlines Charlotte’s energy-related initiatives for its internal government operations. Their primary focus is to reduce energy use from municipal facilities and fuel consumption from city vehicles. Charlotte is in the process of finalizing lead-by-example goals to reduce energy use compared to other regional municipalities.  

Last updated: February 2017

The 2012 Emissions Report Update articulates Charlottesville’s energy-related goal for its internal government operations.  The Facilities and Maintenance Division of the Department of Public Works oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: October 2015

The Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Plan is the city’s framework for reducing energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions both within local government operations and community-wide. The plan includes strategies increase energy efficiency in municipal buildings, improve sustainability at Chicago’s airports, and reduce fossil fuel consumption in the municipal vehicle fleet. The city is in the process of updating its Sustainable Chicago plan.

Last updated:  Febuary 2017

The Green Cincinnati Plan of 2013 articulates the city’s emissions goal for internal government operations. The Office of Environment & Sustainability oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination. Cincinnati has also completed efficiency improvements through performance contracting and retrocommissioning in over half of its’ municipal buildings.

Last updated: February 2017

The Sustainable Cleveland Municipal Action Plan articulates Cleveland’s energy efficiency and emissions goals for internal government operations. The plan includes actions to increase the efficiency of buildings and appliances. The Office of Sustainability oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

The Columbus Green Community Plan: Green Memo III, released in February 2015, articulates Columbus’s greenhouse gas goals and strategies for internal government operations. Columbus aims to achieve its government operations goals by reducing energy use in municipal buildings, retrofitting traffic and streetlights, reducing fleet fuel usage, and increasing waste diversion and recycling rates. The Mayor’s Office of Environmental Stewardship manages and coordinates efforts to achieve government operations goals and also works with stakeholders from the community. In 2016 the city formally adopted Green Memo III by resolution.

Last updated: February 2017

Dallas’ 2014 Annual Report outlines has greenhouse gas and energy use reduction goals, . Most of Dallas’s energy efficiency-related activities are implemented by the Office of Environmental Quality, which oversees the citywide Environmental Management System (EMS). The EMS’s aim is to prioritize strategies that can improve the environment and help commit city departments to reducing energy usage relative to previous years.

Last updated: February 2017

Denver’s energy and emissions reduction goals are outlines in the 2020 Sustainability Goals and Climate Action Plan - both authorized in 2013 by Executive Order 123. In particular, Denver is focusing on opportunities for energy efficiency and renewable energy in its city facilities and at Denver’s airport, improvements in the city fleet through both efficiency, fuel switching,  and reduced vehicle miles travelled, and the development of carbon neutral buildings.

Last updated: April 2017

Detroit does not have an overarching plan or strategy for improving energy efficiency in the city’s internal government operations. While Detroit’s energy efficiency-related actions have been limited, the city has taken steps to reduce energy use in municipal buildings. 

Last updated: February 2017

The Sustainable Dubuque Brochure and Sustainable Progress Report 2012 describe Dubuque’s community-wide greenhouse gas emissions goal, which guides their energy-related efforts for their internal government operations as well.  Their primary focus is increasing the operational efficiencies of the municipal vehicle fleet and installing methane re-capture capability at a wastewater treatment facility.

Last updated: October 2013

El Paso’s Livable City Sustainability Plan articulated the city’s energy and greenhouse gas goals for internal government operations, however, these targets have expired and have not been updated. The Sustainability Office largely coordinates city departmental efforts toward the government operations goal. Additionally, El Paso actively benchmarks the energy use of a portion of its buildings and provides flexible scheduling for employees.

Last updated: February 2017

In 2011, Fort Worth formally adopted an energy reduction goal to comply with state law. We could not confirm if the city has a goal that covers all its local government operations, however, the Fort Worth Sustainability Task Force is creating action plans to ensure the city’s infrastructure and resources keep pace with the city’s growth. Fort Worth has also implemented a comprehensive retrofit program to energy efficiency in its’ municipal buildings.

Last updated: February 2017

Hartford does not currently have an overarching plan for improving energy efficiency in the city’s internal government operations, but the city's Clean Energy Taskforce is developing an energy reduction plan. The city also benchmarks energy use in its public buildings and has adopted an energy savings goal for its public buildings.  

Last updated: February 2017

Houston had a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from local government operations, however, the city has not updated this target. Responsibility for implementing strategies to reduce pollution and increase energy efficiency is split between the Mayor’s Office and the Energy Section of the General Services Department.

Last updated: February 2017

Indianapolis does not have an energy efficiency-related goal for its local government operations, however, it does some work to increase energy efficiency in municipal buildings, infrastructure, and transportation. The Office of Sustainability is largely responsible for coordinating sustainability efforts among city departments.

Last updated: February 2017

Executive Order 2008-3  describes some energy efficiency-related activities for Jacksonville’s internal government operations. Beyond the executive order, the city does not have another overarching plan or initiative for improving energy efficiency. The executive order also created the Office of Sustainability Initiatives which oversees Jacksonville’s energy efforts. Jacksonville also has an executive order in place calling for building to achieve a certain level of energy efficiency.

Last updated: February 2017

Kansas City’s Climate Protection Plan of 2008 articulates the city’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal for its internal government operations. Strategies to achieve this goal include benchmarking, LED streetlights, and energy efficiency standards for buildings. The Office of Environmental Quality within the City Manager’s Office oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

Knoxville’s 2014 Energy and Sustainability Work Plan describes the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations.  Knoxville’s varied strategies work to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from municipal buildings and streetlights and reduce the fuel use and vehicle miles traveled of the municipal fleet. 

Last updated: October 2015

The Sustainable Energy Strategy, adopted in 2008, details Las Vegas’s greenhouse gas goals for its local government operations and the community. The city focuses on energy efficiency and conservation projects, including green building construction and improvements at local government facilities and fire stations, and streetlight energy efficiency upgrades to reduce costs and the amount of energy consumed.

Last updated: February 2017

Lawrence’s Climate Protection Plan details the city’s energy-related goals for both its internal government operations and the community.  Their primary focus is reducing municipal energy use through benchmarking and incentivizing behavioral changes among municipal employees in regards to their energy use.

Last updated: October 2015

Los Angeles’ Sustainable City pLAn, released in 2015 articulates the city’s energy and greenhouse gas reduction goals for internal government operations. Strategies to achieve these goals include benchmarking, public lighting efficiency improvements, and vehicle fleet efficiency. The General Services Department is largely responsible for coordinating city departmental efforts toward reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Last updated: February 2017

The Sustain Louisville Plan articulates the city’s energy efficiency goal for internal government operations.

Last updated: February 2017

The Madison Sustainability Plan describes the city’s energy-related goals and strategies for its internal government operations.  Madison’s primary focus is reducing greenhouse gas emissions from municipal buildings and reducing vehicle emissions from the municipal vehicle fleet.

Last updated: October 2013

The Sustainable Shelby Implementation Plan, released in 2009, lays out a broad range of environmental and economic development objectives for both Memphis and Shelby County. The plan also describes energy-related initiatives for Memphis’s local government operations, including reducing energy use in municipal facilities and creating more sustainable public procurement policies for equipment. The Office of Sustainability is responsible for overseeing these energy initiatives both within Memphis and Shelby County. In 2015, the city committed to the Compact of Mayors and will set reduction targets for greenhouse gas emissions and complete a climate action plan by 2018.

Last updated: February 2017

MiPlan, the city’s climate action plan, articulated energy and climate goals for internal government operations. These goals ended in 2015 and have not been updated since. The Office of Sustainable Initiatives was largely responsible for coordinating city departmental efforts toward the government operations goal.

Last updated: February 2017

While ReFresh Milwaukee describes the city’s energy efficiency strategies for internal government operations from 2005 to 2012, Milwaukee does not have an overall post-2012 energy-related goal for local government operations. The Office of Sustainability oversaw implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

Greenprint, a subset of the Minneapolis Sustainability Indicators, is Minneapolis’s framework for sustainability. It includes a goal to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and tracks progress in several policy areas such as transportation alternatives, waste and recycling, climate change, and renewable energy. In recent years, Minneapolis’s program for making its local government operations more energy efficient has been varied and has included strategies for public buildings, procurement, and the city-owned fleet. The city also coordinates closely throughout the year with its electric utility, Xcel Energy.

Last updated: February 2017

The Mayor’s Green Ribbon Committee on Environmental Sustainability released a summary report with goals and recommendations, entitled Together Making Nashville Green, which details some of the city’s energy efficiency-related activities and goals for its internal government operations. The Green Ribbon Committee on Environmental Sustainability and the Livable Nashville committee steer many of these efforts. 

Last updated: February 2017

New Orleans is in the process of developing a strategy for improving energy efficiency and reducing emissions in internal government operations as part of the 100 Resilient Cities Initiative of the Rockefeller Foundation. While New Orleans’s energy efficiency-related actions have been limited, the city has taken steps to reduce energy use from public outdoor lighting.

Last updated: April 2017

New York's plan titled One City, Built to Last: Transforming New York City’s Buildings for a Low-Carbon Future, released in 2014, includes a greenhouse gas reduction goal for municipal operations. In addition, Executive Order 109 of 2007 contains an energy savings target for municipal operations. Within New York City's government, the Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS) Energy Management (DEM) group is responsible for implementing the long term plan to achieve the city’s local government greenhouse gas reduction goal. Their focus is on two building energy efficiency program areas that are expected to be responsible for more than half of municipal greenhouse gas reductions, namely building retrofits and improvements to building operations and maintenance as well as a significant upgrade to the city’s vehicle fleet.

Last updated: April 2017

Oakland’s local government operations goals are mostly addressed through the Energy and Climate Action Plan (ECAP). This plan includes a community-wide greenhouse gas emission reduction target, priorities to enhance benchmarking practices, and proposals to promote teleworking, among other strategies focused at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing energy savings. Additionally, Oakland has a progressive Green Building Ordinance that addresses new municipal buildings, a purchasing policy with energy-efficiency considerations, and outdoor lighting standards with energy-efficiency requirements. 

Updated: April 2017 

Oklahoma City does not have an overarching plan for improving energy efficiency in the city’s internal government operations, but it is working to finalize a plan by mid-2017.

Last updated: February 2017

Orlando’s Greenworks 2012 Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan details the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations Strategies include energy efficiency standards for buildings, public lighting upgrades, and comprehensive retrofits. Orlando is in the process of updating this plan by early 2017.

Last updated: February 2017

Park City’s Municipal Carbon Footprint describes the city’s energy-related goals for its internal government operations.  Their primary focus is reducing greenhouse gas emissions originating from their municipal vehicle fleet and reducing energy use in municipal buildings through benchmarking.  The Environmental Sustainability Team is largely responsible for coordinating city departmental efforts toward the government operations goal.  

Last updated: October 2015

Philadelphia’s Greenworks details the city’s energy target and strategies for its internal government operations through 2015. While these goals have expired, the city is working to adopt new goals by spring 2017. The city uses varied strategies to reduce energy use from municipal buildings, the city fleet, and outdoor lighting. In particular, Philadelphia is leveraging their energy management systems to prioritize future investments in municipal properties and is funding several energy efficiency projects through the Energy Efficiency Fund (EEF). The Mayor’s Office of Sustainability (MOS) is largely responsible for coordinating efforts toward the local government operations goal. 

Last updated: February 2017

Phoenix’s 2009 Climate Action Plan for Government Operations details the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations through 2015. In addition, the city adopted a goal to be carbon neutral in city operations by 2050 and citywide by 2060. In its plan, Phoenix prioritized reducing emissions from the transportation, solid waste, and buildilng sectors while increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy penetration across the local economy. In particular, the city focused on increasing digester gas collection at wastewater treatment plants. While these goals have expired, the city is currently working to adopt new municipal emissions targets.

Last updated: February 2017

The Pittsburgh Climate Action Plan and the subsequent Climate Action Plan v2.0 articulate the city’s energy efficiency-related initiatives for its internal government operations. In addition, the plans include implementable actions that community, business, and higher education sectors of Pittsburgh have adopted and outlines recommendations for achieving energy and climate goals. Their primary focus is increasing energy efficiency, improving recycling and waste management, transportation, green building practices, and citizen engagement. The Office of Sustainability, situated in the Mayor’s Department of Innovation & Performance is responsible for coordinating citywide and internal departmental efforts toward achieving regional and government operational goals. In 2015 as art of the Compact of Parties (COP 21) forum in Paris, the Mayor increased the efficiency targets, which will be integrated into the updated Climate Action Plan in 2017.

Last updated: February 2017

Portland’s Climate Action Plan, officially adopted in 2015, articulates the city’s energy and climate goals for internal government operations. The plan acknowledges that while city emissions account for a small fraction of Portland’s overall emissions, it is still important for the government to lead by example.  Portland has established a significant and varied strategy for reducing its emissions that includes requiring energy efficient government buildings, procuring efficient vehicles, conversion of streetlight to LEDs, and offering teleworking options for government employees.

Last updated: February 2017

Providence’s Sustainable Providence Plan, released in 2014, details the city’s energy efficiency and greenhouse gas reduction efforts for internal government operations. The Office of Sustainability oversees implementation of government operations initiatives and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

Raleigh has the Sustainability Raleigh Initiative, but we could not confirm if they have an overarching plan or strategy for improving energy efficiency or greenhouse gas emissions in the city’s internal government operations. The city does, however, have standalone policies in place to increase the efficiency of public streetlights and new buildings.

Last updated: February 2017

The Green Government Order, 2011 Energy Management Plan, and 2014 RVA green Annual Progress Report articulate Richmond’s energy-related goal and strategies for internal government operations. The Sustainability Office oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

The 2016 Riverside Restorative Growthprint – Economic Prosperity Action Plan/Climate Action Plan (RRG-EPAP/CAP) – establishes municipal operations’ greenhouse gas reduction goals and city-wide energy efficiency goals. The government operations initiatives in the plan focus on reducing fuel usage and emissions from the city’s vehicle fleet.

Last updated: February 2017

The 2007 Sustainability Master Plan and the 2012 Sacramento Climate Action Plan (Phase 1) detail the city’s energy goals and strategies for its internal government operations. Sacramento’s strategies work to reduce energy use from municipal buildings and facilities, streetlights and traffic signals, the vehicle fleet, and waste management. One of Sacramento’s focuses is on requiring new buildings to achieve the highest LEED rating, with an emphasis on energy efficiency improvements.

Last updated: February 2017

The Sustainable Salt Lake Plan articulates Salt Lake City’s energy-related goals for its internal government operations. Salt Lake City is in the process of adopting a new municipal energy savings target using a 2015 baseline, which will be published on the city’s new SLC Green Dashboard. Some of the city’s strategies to reduce energy use include the employment of GPS Insight technology for its vehicle fleet and energy efficiency procurement requirements for new equipment. The Division of Sustainability and the Environment oversees implementation of the government operations goal and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

The City of San Antonio SA Tomorrow Sustainability Plan was adopted in 2016 as a framework to lead the city’s sustainability efforts by focusing on several areas such as energy, green buildings and infrastructure, and natural resources. The Energy focus area encompasses all direct components of energy generation including energy generation and distribution, efficiency, renewable energy, demand response, and green power purchasing. San Antonio does not have an overall energy or emissions reduction goal. San Antonio’s focus is on maximizing energy efficiency at municipal facilities and advancing sustainability across municipal departments. In order to fund these operations the city established a revolving Energy Efficiency Fund to help fund future energy conservation projects within municipally-owned facilities to reduce the city’s annual utility expenditure. 

Last updated: April 2017

San Diego’s 2015 Climate Action Plan (CAP) sets municipal greenhouse gas and energy use reduction goals. Strategies to achieve these goals include a vehicle fleet purchasing policy, an outdoor lighting ordinance, and above code efficiency requirements for new buildings. The Energy Conservation and Management Division of Environmental Services Department manages and coordinates efforts to achieve government operations goals.

Last updated: February 2017

San Francisco’s annual Departmental Climate Action Plans detail the different strategies taken by city departments as they work toward the city’s climate and energy goals. These plans track vehicle fuel usage, building energy usage, water usage, and employee behavior. Strategies to achieve these goals include fleet reducing, new building and equipment efficiency requirements and telecommuting for employees. The San Francisco Department of the Environment (SF Environment)  coordinates city departments through the climate action planning process.  The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC), the city's municipally owned electric utility, supplies electricity to city departments and other customers, offers energy efficiency services to city departments, and directly funds many of the resulting projects.

Last updated: February 2017

San Jose's Green Vision Report and the Bay Area Climate Change Compact articulate the city’s energy efficiency goal and strategies for internal government operations. The city’s strategies work to reduce energy use in municipal buildings and streetlights, decrease fuel consumption by the city fleet, and reduce solid waste. The Public Works Department oversees implementation of government operations goals and facilitates interdepartmental coordination.

Last updated: February 2017

Seattle’s Climate Action Plan, adopted in 2013, details the city’s energy-related strategies for its internal government operations, including expanding the city’s electric vehicle fleet, developing a resource conservation plan for municipal buildings, and requiring an energy efficiency standard for all new buildings. The Office of Sustainability and Environment is largely responsible for coordinating city departmental efforts toward the government operations goal.

Last updated: February 2017

The City of St. Louis Sustainability Plan, adopted in 2013, and subsequent Sustainability Action Agenda articulate some of the city’s energy efficiency-related activities for its internal government operations, however, the city does not have any overall energy or emissions reduction goal for its operations. St. Louis’s strategies include reducing the city fleet’s fuel use and reducing water usage.

Last updated: February 2017

Tampa’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan, released in 2011, articulates some of the city’s energy-related activities for its internal government operations, however, the city does not have any overall energy or emissions reduction goals for its operations.

Last updated: February 2017

Virginia Beach’s Sustainability Plan articulates some of the city’s energy efficiency-related activities for its internal government operations. In 2016, the city enacted a goal to reduce municipal greenhouse gas emissions in its administrative directive titled Energy Management for Municipal Operations.

Last updated: February 2017

The Sustainable DC initiative is Washington, D.C.’s overarching sustainability framework and includes a municipal operations’ greenhouse gas reduction and energy savings goals. Overall, the initiative describes strategies for various policy areas including energy, climate and environment, transportation, and the built environment. Some of these strategies include energy efficiency requirements for new buildings and equipment and a comprehensive retrofit plan. The DC Office of Planning (OP) and the District Department of the Environment (DDOE) lead the Sustainable DC Project.

Last updated: February 2017