State and Local Policy Database

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas

The Atlanta Regional Commission’s (ARC) housing policies as part of Plan 2040 call for providing a range of housing choices to accommodate households of all income levels, sizes, and needs and to ensure that workers in the community have the option to live there. The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority also has guidelines for creating mixed-income, senior and workforce housing around metro stations. The Housing Opportunity Bond program provides land acquisition, bridge financing and second mortgage gap loans for affordable housing, with preference towards projects around mass transit.

Last updated: January 2017

Austin requires and offers incentives in the form of density bonuses in Transit Oriented Developments.

Last updated: January 2017

Baltimore does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if Birmingham had requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Boston has an Inclusionary Development Policy (IDP) to preserve access to affordable housing opportunities in transit-served areas in all of Boston’s neighborhoods. Developers may include affordable units within their developments, create affordable housing in an off-site location, or make a cash contribution towards the creation or preservation of affordable housing. Boston also has site-specific transit-oriented development for mixed-income housing with built-in higher sustainability requirements. This is part of E+, which builds upon Boston’s Article 37 Green Building Zoning and the city’s Green Affordable Housing Guidelines.

Last updated: January 2017

 

Charlotte has the Voluntary Mixed Income Housing Development Program in place to encourage mixed-income housing developments in targeted locations, through a voluntary, incentive-based density bonus in several zoning districts.

Last updated: January 2017

The Chicago zoning Ordinance incentivizes development at or near transit stations by offering reductions in minimum lot area, increases in height, reduction in parking and increases in floor area. In addition, the city lists energy efficient design and projects located near public transportation as selection criteria preferences in the Qualified Allocation Plan (QAP) for the allocation of 9% of Low-Income Housing Credits.

Last updated: January 2017

Cincinnati does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Cleveland does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Columbus does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Dallas has a requirement in place for the development of mixed-income housing in all TIF financed projects which ensures that affordable housing will be an integral component of each development.

Last updated: January 2017

Denver’s Office of Economic Development helped to seed the Denver Regional Transit Oriented Development Fund (run through Enterprise Community Partners) that helps prospective developers acquire land near transit for future affordable housing.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if Detroit has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if El Paso has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Fort Worth provides tax and funding incentives for affordable and mixed-income housing in transit-served areas and mixed-use areas by policy.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if Hartford has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Houston outlines policies to encourage the development of higher density housing—including affordable housing—within urban centers that are well served by multiple transportation modes within its’ Urban Houston Framework. In addition, the city’s Midtown TIRZ project plan requires one-third of all investments be dedicated to affordable housing along the rail line for both families and individuals to ensure a mixed-income neighborhood that sustains Midtown.

Last updated: January 2017

Indianapolis supported two programs that subsidize affordable housing in transit-served areas. The HOME Investment Partnership Program Grant requested proposals for projects that support multi-family, affordable rental housing development within a half-mile of proposed rapid transit stations. The city’s Department of Metropolitan Development also administered Community Development Block Grants to projects that identified local priorities with a preference for projects within half a mile of a proposed transit station.

Last updated: January 2017

Jacksonville does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Kansas City does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Las Vegas does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Los Angeles’ Metro adopted guidelines that include a performance measure that its’ joint development portfolio include minimum of 35% affordable housing units. Metro may also discount land value of its joint development sites up to 30% of the fair market value on sties accommodating affordable housing. The city is currently working on a Transit Oriented Communities Loan Program to support affordable housing in transit-oriented areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Louisville’s Creating Affordable Residences for Economic Success (Louisville CARES) revolving loan program gives points for projects that are located within ¼ to ½ mile of a TARC stop. Projects have to meet a minimum score of 60 points to be reviewed by the CARES loan committee. If they’re approved, they will get a low interest rate loan to create new affordable multifamily units.

Last updated: January 2017

Memphis does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if Miami has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Milwaukee does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Minneapolis’ Affordable Housing Trust Fund and Low Income Housing Tax Credit pools both award scoring points for TOD affordable housing developments. These are points for proximity to high service fixed route/express/limited stop transit, for proximity to other transit stops, for proximity to jobs and for higher density development. The city also incentivizes affordable housing with a density/FAR bonus in transit station areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Metro Nashville has a voluntary inclusionary zoning policy and incentives program for developers to include workforce housing units in developments along multimodal corridors and in the core of the city.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if New Orleans has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

New York City’s R10 Program promotes construction with a focus on location efficiency by providing density bonuses to developments that provide a certain number of affordable housing.

Last updated: January 2017

Oklahoma City does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Orlando does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

 

Philadelphia offers a density bonus for affordable housing that applies to some portion of TOD zones.

Last updated: January 2017

In 2013, Phoenix adopted the Transit Oriented Development Strategic Policy Framework which provides policy support for additional building height within a light rail station when affordable housing is provided by the developer or if the developer pays a fee that will go towards the establishment of affordable housing in the transit district.

Last updated: January 2017

Pittsburgh does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Portland offers a 10-year tax abatement for residential projects that include at least 20% of units that are affordable that are located within Identified Designated Plan Areas/Metro 2040 Centers, within a half mile radius of light rail station areas, or within a quarter mile from either Metro 2040 Main Streets with transit service or Metro 2040 Corridors with frequent transit service.

Last updated: January 2017

Providence does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Raleigh provides acquisition assistance for sites near transit and gap financing for Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) projects. Funds are also made available to acquire and preserve affordable housing at risk of being redeveloped for higher income residents.

Last updated: January 2017

Richmond does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Riverside does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if Sacramento has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Salt Lake City does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if San Antonio has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

San Diego’s Housing Commission and Redevelopment Agency partnered with AMCAL Multi-Housing and LIIF to turn a parking lot into an equitable transit-oriented development project in San Diego. The development will include rental family housing affordable to households earning between 50% and 60% AMI. The city has also reduced parking requirements for low-income housing built near transit.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if San Francisco has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if San Jose has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Seattle provides a Multifamily Tax Exemption for affordable housing built within urban centers.

Last updated: January 2017

St. Louis does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

Tampa awards a density/FAR bonus for developers that provide 10% of a project’s dwelling units as affordable within a transit served area.

Last updated: January 2017

Virginia Beach does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017

We could not confirm if Washington D.C. had requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017