State and Local Policy Database

Goals, Incentives, and Requirements for Energy Efficient Buildings

Beyond codes, there are a variety of policy options available to cities to incentivize and/or require the energy-efficient operation of existing private buildings and/or the incorporation of efficiency measures in new private buildings. This sub-category includes information on four topics:

  • Building Energy Savings Goals – Building energy use reduction targets specific to or including the private building sector, such as participation as a Community Partner in the DOE Better Buildings Challenge.
  • Incentive and Financing Programs for Efficient Buildings – A description of the city-provided financial or non-financial incentives (e.g. rebates, fee reductions or waivers, grants, tax abatements or credits, technical assistance, expedited permitting, density bonuses) or financing mechanisms (e.g. property assessed clean energy bonds, on-bill repayment, tax increment financing, revolving loan funds) for efficient buildings which are not administered through a utility; information on the categories of private commercial and private residential buildings which are eligible for each program.
  • Green Building Requirements – Above-code green building requirements, which include energy efficiency standards; information on the categories of private commercial, private residential, and/or private buildings using public funds included in the green building requirements.
  • Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements – Requirements for building energy retrofits or retrocommissioning for private residential and/or commercial buildings; building energy audit requirements for private residential and/or commercial buildings.

Building Energy Savings Goals

Arlington County has established an energy savings target through its Community Energy Plan. This goal covers residential as well as commercial building stock. By 2050, all Arlington residences should use 55% less energy when compared to a 2007 baseline. All commercial buildings must use 60% less energy than 2007 levels.

Green Building Requirements

Arlington uses form based code that requires building to LEED standards for commercial centers and to LEED, EarthCraft, or Arlington's Green Home Choice program for residential development. All affordable housing that receives public funds must comply with EarthCraft standards. 

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Arlington does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Arlington provides expedited permitting for residential construction, density bonuses for commercial construction, as well as rebates for energy-efficient lighting retrofits.

Last Updated: October 2015

Green Building Requirements

In 2003, Atlanta passed a green building ordinance that applies to new construction and renovation of city-owned facilities and city-funded projects. Privately-funded commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Under the Commercial Buildings Energy Efficiency Ordinance, building owners who are required to benchmark and report to the City their properties’ energy use annually, will also need to complete an energy and water audit once every 10 years.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

PACE financing is available through Ordinance 12-R-1617 for improvements to commercial, industrial, and multifamily buildings. 

Last Updated: February 2017

Green Building Requirements

Austin’s above-code green building requirements apply to new private buildings in defined areas of the city. Requirements vary, but all include a level of attainment in LEED or the Austin Energy Green Building Program. The requirements apply to both commercial and residential properties.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Austin’s Energy Conservation Audit and Disclosure Ordinance requires all homes and multifamily buildings of more than five units which are ten years and older to have an energy audit performed at the time of sale, with the results disclosed to perspective buyers. An energy reduction is required from high energy consuming multifamily buildings.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Austin Energy provides incentives and rebates in conjunction with other city departments for energy-efficiency upgrades to homes or businesses, including low income weatherization work. Density bonuses are offered to both residential and commercial construction conforming to green standards.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

All commercial and multifamily buildings must follow the Baltimore Green Building Standard. The new Baltimore City Green Construction code that passed in November 2014 serves as an update to the Green Building Standards. It applies to new and renovated commercial and large multifamily buildings (4 stories and higher). It is based on the 2012 International Green Construction Code (IgCC) with local amendments and takes effect April 1, 2015.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Baltimore does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Baltimore has a $10M low-interest loan program for energy efficiency for nonprofits and small businesses. The city also offers a low-interest loan program for low-income residential properties. This program is being administered by the city’s Housing and Community Development agency and their Green, Healthy, and Sustainable Homes Division. In addition, the City of Baltimore has a PACE financing available for residential, multifamily and commercial buildings, as well as a High-Performance Market-Rate Rental Housing ordinance that provides a tax credit for properties that achieve a minimum of LEED Silver certification or Baltimore City Green Building Code Standard Two Star rating. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Birmingham does not yet have green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Birmingham does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Birmingham does not yet provide incentives or financing mechanisms to promote efficiency of buildings.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Since 2007, Article 37 of Boston’s municipal zoning code requires that all new commercial projects over 50,000 sq ft. meet the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED certification standards. Article 37 also applies to all residential multifamily buildings over 50,000 sq ft.

Article 37 requires that all projects achieve at least the ‘certifiable’ level of the United States Green Building Council Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) Rating System. Boston’s Interagency Green Building Committee (IGBC) verifies that each project meets LEED certification standards prior to the issuance of Building Permits and Certificates of Occupancy. IGBC's Review Procedures and Submittal Requirements were updated in January 2015 to incorporate Green Buildings (Article 37) and the Boston Climate Change Preparedness and Resiliency Policy (Resiliency Policy), enacted in 2013. Requirements include strict adherence to LEED checklists and proof of LEED credit attainment.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

As stipulated in Section 7-2.2 (f) of the 2013 Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance, buildings that are not ENERGY STAR certified or showing documented improvement in energy use reductions must take an “energy action“ including either an energy assessment (audit) or retro-commissioning every five years. This requirement covers both residential and commercial buildings.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Boston, through its E+ Green Building Program, provides a development opportunity for builders and owners to design, build and sell green, net positive energy homes on city-owned parcels. "Energy positive" homes exceed LEED Platinum rating and supply excess energy to the grid. The city donates the land for development and provide subsidies to low-to-moderate income homebuyers. The E+ Program is an initiative of the Boston Environment Department, the Department of Neighborhood Development and the Boston Redevelopment Authority.

Development Review Guidelines for commercial buildings in the Stuart Street area have a standard maximum height of 155 feet, but if a project is certified as LEED Gold it is eligible for a height bonus up to a maximum height of 400 feet.

Last Updated: April 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Boulder has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Boulder has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Through the Smart Regs program, Boulder requires single and multi-family rental homes to reach a certain level of energy efficiency by 2019. If compliance is not achieved, retrofits are then required.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Home and business owners are eligible for loans through EnergySmart that can be used on energy efficiency projects. 

Last Updated: October 2015

Building Energy Savings Goals

Burlington has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

All construction is required to meet the Vermont State Commercial or Residential Building Efficiency Standards.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

The residential sector is subject to the Time of Sale Energy Efficiency Ordinance, which mandates minimum energy efficiency upgrades must be made when buildings are sold. 

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The Burlington Electric Department provides on-bill financing for commercial efficiency projects.

Last Updated: October 2015

Building Energy Savings Goals

Carrboro has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Carrboro has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Carrboro does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Carrboro established and is maintaining an Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan Fund for small businesses.

Last Updated: April 2014

Green Building Requirements

Charlotte requires that some public facilities to adhere to green building requirements. Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Charlotte does not require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Charlotte does not provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Charlottesville has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Charlottesville has green building requirements for municipal buildings, but privately-funded commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Charlottesville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Charlottesville has several incentives for efficient buildings.  Commercial and residential buildings that meet energy efficiency standards are eligible for a reduced tax rate of 50% on the building value for one year.  Businesses in Charlottesville can receive funding from the Clean Energy Commercial Loan Program to invest in energy efficiency improvements.  Through LEAP, Charlottesville also funds the limited time 0% Power Saving Loan Program to buy down Power Savings Loans to a 0% interest rate over a five year term.

Last Updated: October 2015

Green Building Requirements

The Chicago Sustainable Development Policy is covered under the Local Government chapter of the City Scorecard.

Residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Chicago does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Chicago offers the Green Permit Program for commercial building projects aiming to achieve a certain level of energy efficiency. For residential construction, Chicago offers rebates through the Chicago Retrofit Residential Partnership.

The City’s Neighborhood Improvement Program, financed using TIF funds, are used in 1-4 unit buildings to make qualified exterior repairs, limited interior improvements, and select energy efficiency upgrades. Also, any project that receives TIF financing must adhere to the requirements of the Sustainable Development Policy.

Last Updated: March 2017

Green Building Requirements

Cincinnati has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Cincinnati does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Cincinnati and the Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance offer a rebate of up to $750 off home energy improvements recommended through the Energy Alliance’s Home Performance. Cincinnati also offers the Community Reinvestment Area (RCA) Residential Tax Abatement to city residents, which allows building owners to pay taxes on the pre-improvement value of their property after making efficiency improvements. The city also offers the CRA Commercial Tax Abatement Program to companies and developers for new construction and renovation of LEED buildings and non-LEED buildings pending a financial gap analysis. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Cleveland has green building requirements for municipal buildings and a green building standard for residential buildings.

Residents and developers seeking tax abatement for residential projects must meet Cleveland Green Building Standards found in the Cleveland Green Building Standard Handbook and must select a Compliance Method: Enterprise Green Communities Criteria, National Green Building Standard established by the NAHB, or LEED (Silver) Certification. Cleveland provides a 100% tax abatement for residential new construction that meets the Standard.

Private commercial buildings are not yet subject to green building requirements in the Cleveland.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Cleveland does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The city of Cleveland and offers commercial PACE financing. Cleveland Public Power, the municipal utility, offers energy efficiency rebates through a partnership with Efficiency Smart. Through Empower Gas and Electric, the City offers low-cost energy efficiency packages to residential and small commercial building owners. Cleveland also has a Clean Energy Financing program for energy efficiency upgrades and solar projects in small businesses and large commercial/industrial buildings.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Residential housing projects that receive city funding are required to be built to the AWARE standards.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Columbus does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

For commercial and multifamily residential construction, Columbus offers grants for LEED certification through the Green Columbus Fund. Private businesses and non-profits can apply for reimbursement grants to redevelop Brownfield sites or to build green properties in Columbus.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

City of Dallas Green Ordinance requires commercial buildings less than 50,000 square feet must meet minimum energy consumption requirements through the Dallas Green Construction Code which includes an Energy Star cool roof. New buildings more than 50,000 square feet must demonstrate a number of LEED credits. All new projects must meet LEED standards. New residential buildings must submit a checklist demonstrating achievement of minimum energy consumption requirements through the Dallas Energy Conservation code (HERS index of 85 or less). Projects can be verified for compliance through Dallas' Third Party Green Building Program.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Dallas does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Dalla's PACE financing program allows owners of commercial, industrial, and multi-family residential properties (with five or more dwelling units) to obtain low-cost, long-term loans for water conservation, energy-efficiency improvements, and renewable retrofits.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Denver does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The Denver Energy Challenge and Certifiably Green Denver offer a low-cost, low-interest loan to homeowners and small business owners for making energy efficiency upgrades to their homes or businesses.  PACE financing is available for commercial building energy efficiency investments. The Denver Office of Strategic Partnerships (DOSP) has two programs offering energy efficiency services and funding to low-income residential property owners and nonprofits in the City. 

Last Updated: March 2017

Green Building Requirements

Detroit has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Detroit does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Grants and loans are available to commercial and multifamily buildings through Detroit's SmartBuildings Program. Incentives for energy efficiency upgrades in commercial buildings are offered through the Project Green Light Detroit program.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Dubuque has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Dubuque has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Dubuque does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Dubuque does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: October 2013

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

El Paso does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Grants are available through El Paso's Green Building Grant Program to existing multifamily and new and existing commercial construction projects that achieve LEED certification. Grant amounts vary depending on level of LEED certification attained.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Fort Worth does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Fort Worth does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Hartford has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Hartford does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Hartford does not currently offer incentives or financing options for energy efficiency improvements.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings in Houston are not subject to green building requirements. However, the City encourages private sector investment in energy efficiency through its City Energy Project.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Houston does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Houston offers tax abatements and expedited permitting to commercial buildings that meet LEED standards. Commercial building owners can receive grants for energy retrofits through the City's Energy Efficiency Incentive Program. Houston offers weatherization to income-qualified homes. Energy efficiency financing is available to commercial and multifamily building owners through  PACE Houston.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Indianapolis has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Indianapolis does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Indianapolis offers reduced permitting fees for commercial buildings achieving energy efficient criteria through the City's Green Building Incentive Program. The EcoHouse Project is an energy-efficiency loan program for medium and low-income homeowners in Indianapolis. The City also has two neighborhood grant programs as part of its Better Buildings Program to support residents, businesses, and non-profit organizations in implementing energy efficiency upgrades in their homes and businesses.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements in Jacksonville.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Jacksonville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Jacksonville does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficiency upgrades.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Kansas City does not not have green building requirements for private commercial and residential buildings.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Kansas City does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing for energy-efficient and water-saving home upgrades are available for homeowners through the HERO Program. Kansas City's energyworks loan program provides local homeowners and business owners with low-interest loans who make energy efficiency upgrades to their buildings.

Last Updated: February 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Knoxville has not established a goal to reduce energy intensity across private building stock.

Green Building Requirements

Green building certification is included in scoring criteria for Tax Increment Financing (TIF) and PILOT, but there are no above code requirements for private building or buildings financed with public funds.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Knoxville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financing is available to qualifying residents that retrofit to energy certification standards.  TIF scoring is available for commercial buildings and favors buildings that achieve energy certification.

Last Updated: October 2015

Green Building Requirements

Las Vegas has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Las Vegas does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Las Vegas does not currently offer incentives or financing options for energy efficiency improvements.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Lawrence has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Lawrence has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Lawrence does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The City Commission passed a permit fee reduction for solar thermal installations, an energy-efficient technology, in residential and commercial properties.

Last Updated: October 2015

Green Building Requirements

Los Angeles has green building requirements for private commercial and residential buildings that exceed the California Green Building Standards Code (CALGreen).

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

In 2016, the City of Los Angeles Existing Buildings Energy and Water Efficiency (EBEWE) Program has set forth energy auditing and retrofiting requirements for commercial and multifamily buildings.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power offers multiple energy efficency incentive programs for homeowners and businesses. The Los Angeles PACE program offers energy efficiency financing for residential and commercial building owners.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Louisville has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Louisville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

In April 2016, Louisville became an Energy Project Assessment District and began offering a voluntary program for financing energy efficiency projects in commercial buildings over a twenty year term. The program is similar to PACE financing programs common in other jurisdictions. Residential building owners can find energy efficiency intiatives through The Green Initiative program and commercial building owners through the The Louisville Energy Alliance.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Madison has set the goal to reduce energy consumption across all building stock by 50% from the 2008 baseline by 2030. This goal is outlined in the Sustainability Plan.

Green Building Requirements

Madison has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Madison does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Green Madison offers commercial property owners rebates and financing. Residential property owners are offered rebates and low interest energy efficiency financing for approved projects.

Last Updated: October 2013

Green Building Requirements

Memphis has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Memphis does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Tax abatements and low interest loans are available for residential and commercial projects implementing green building or energy efficiency measures.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

All commercial and large multifamily buildings must achieve LEED Silver certification.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Miami does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financing is available through the City of Miami PACE programs to residential and commercial building owners making energy efficiency upgrades. Expedited permitting and density bonuses are offered for residential and commercial building owners implementing green building measures into their buildings.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Milwaukee has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Milwaukee does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The Milwaukee Energy Efficiency (Me2) program offers rebates to Milwaukee homeowners for energy efficiency upgrades. Me2 also offers commercial PACE funding and rebates for energy efficiency upgrades for small buildings and manufacturing facilities. Milwaukee's  Targeted Investment Neighborhood and low income weatherization programs grant energy efficiency upgrades and weatherization work to low income homes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Minneapolis does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Minneapolis offers density bonuses to residential and commercial construction which aim to achieve a 35% above code energy rating. Minneapolis offers PACE financing to commercial buildings for solar and energy efficiency improvements. The city offers a two percent loan program that can be used by small businesses and light manufacturing for energy efficiency improvements. Minneapolis also offers a Commercial Energy Efficiency Loan program. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Nashville has not yet established above-code building requirements for private residential and commercial buildings.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Nashville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Low interest loans between $1,000 and $35,000 are available to Nashville residents for energy efficient upgrades through Nashville Energy Works. Nashville also supports the Home Energy Savings Program, which engages volunteers to make energy and money-saving upgrades at no cost to homeowners who are at or below 80 percent of the median household income. Development in the Central Business District is eligible to increase the floor area ratio by different levels based on the level of LEED certification the project achieves.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

New Orleans has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

New Orleans does not yet require commercial buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning. New Orleans requires residential buildings to undergo HVAC duct leakage testing and whole house air leakage testing at the time of renovations or new construction.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financing for energy-efficient affordable housing is provided through the New Orleans Redevelopment Authority.

Last Updated: February 2017

Green Building Requirements

New York City’s Greener Greater Buildings Plan targets energy efficiency in large existing commercial buildings.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Local Law 87 mandates that buildings 50,000 gross square feet or larger undergo periodic energy audit and retro-commissioning measures. Commercial buildings are also subject to NYC Local Law 88 requiring lighting retrofits to meet current NYCECC standards, and to install electric sub-meters for each tenant space.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

New York City provides one-year tax abatement of $4.50 per square foot for green roofs and 5 to 8 ¾ percent tax relief for solar panel-related expenditures. 

Last Updated: March 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

The city’s ECAP has a 32% annual reduction goal for electricity consumption through conservation and energy efficiency in buildings and homes.

Green Building Requirements

The city’s Green Building Ordinance requires above-code energy efficiency requirements for certain categories of buildings. Components of the ordinance are still being implemented. 

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

There is no energy audit or retrofit requirement for residential or commercial buildings in Oakland.

Incentive and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Incentives for building improvements through BayREN and PACE programs are offered by the city. 

Updated: February 2016

Green Building Requirements

Oklahoma City has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Oklahoma City does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Oklahoma City residents can have up to 48 months to pay back a 3% fixed interest rate loan, up to $15,000, through the Green Home Loan

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Orlando has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Starting May 2020, as part of the recently passed Building Energy and Water Efficiency Strategy by the City of Orlando, buildings that score under the national average (ENERGY STAR score below 50) are required to perform an energy audit or retro-commission their base building systems one time every five years.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

In 2016, Orlando put a PACE Financing Program in place for homeowners and business owners.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Savings Goals

Park City has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Park City has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Park City does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Park City does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: October 2015

Green Building Requirements

The City of Philadelphia has a provision in the Building Code requiring high reflectance roof coverings on new and replaced roofs. Roof coverings must be white in color or ENERGY STAR rated.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Philadelphia does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning, though it is a current goal of the city government to quantify the amount of retro-commissioning done throughout the Philadelphia private portfolio of buildings.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

For commercial construction, Philadelphia offers a density bonus for construction achieving LEED Gold or higher. The City of Philadelphia offers the Greenworks Loan Fund to provide financing to support energy efficiency retrofits and new construction for small businesses and nonprofits. The City's EnergyWorks program provides loan opportunities for energy efficiency upgrades in commercial and residential buildings. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Phoenix has a Green Construction Code that is based on the 2012 International Green Construction Code. The City allows this code to be used in place of the building code for commercial and residential construction.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Phoenix does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Rebates are available to commercial and residential construction making energy efficient upgrades through the Energize Phoenix program. Bonuses are available to residential and commercial developments implementing above-code measures.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

The City of Pittsburgh does not have requirements for building energy audits or retrofits.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Commercial construction that meets the LEED efficiency standards is offered a density bonus allowing them to rise 20% higher and include 20% more floor area than other buildings in their zoning districts. The Pittsburgh Home Rehabilitation Program (PHRP) provides a 0% fixed interest rate for up to 20 years for home improvements. The PHRP Plus for energy efficiency program supplies you with the added benefit of an Energy Efficiency Loan Program with a grant of up to $2,500. Additonally, the City of Pittsburgh has a Business Energy Savings Program.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

In May 2015, Portland adopted the PDC Green Building Policy. The policy requires LEED certification for new construction, major renocvations, and tenant improvement projects in commercial, mixed use, and residential buildings.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Portland does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to engage in energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Portland offers plan review assistance and PACE financing products for energy efficiency projects in commercial buildings.

Last Updated: February 2017

Green Building Requirements

Providence has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

The City of Providence does not have building energy audit or retrofit requirements. 

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Providence does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

The City of Raleigh does not have green building requirements for private commercial and residential buildings.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Raleigh does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Raleigh does not currently offer incentives or financing options for energy efficiency improvements.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Richmond does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Richmond provides expedited permitting for projects with a green roof.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Riverside does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Building

Riverside provides rebates through its Green Riverside program. Rebates are available to residential and commercial building owners for energy efficient upgrades. PACE financing is available to both residential and commercial construction.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Sacramento does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Residential and commercial construction may apply for financing through a PACE-like program, Clean Energy Sacramento.

Last Updated: January 2017 

Green Building Requirements

Salt Lake City has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Salt Lake City does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Salt Lake City offers loans to businesses performing energy efficiency upgrades and building retrofits through the Economic Development Loan Fund. Financing is also provided through the Redevelopment Agency Loan Program. The city also offers expedited plan review for commercial and residential buildings meeting their green building criteria.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

San Antonio does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financial incentives for efficient commercial and residential buildings are provided through the STEP Program

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

San Diego does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

San Diego offers expedited permitting through Resolution R-298001 available to residential and commercial construction which meets green building standards outlined in Policy Number 900-14. Financing is available to residential and commercial buildings through the PACE Program.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

San Francisco Building Code Chapter 13C holds the green building requirements for all new buildings and most alterations. The standards in Chapter 13C encompass the 2010 California Green Building Standards Code, yet stretches the code with stricter local requirements. New commercial buildings greater than 25,000 square feet must meet the LEED Gold standard. New residential high rises must meet the LEED Silver standard. Administrative Bulletin 93 outlines all of the specific requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Commercial buildings over 25,000 square feet must record energy audits every five years. San Francisco’s Residential Energy Conservation Ordinance requires a minimum set of retrofits at time-of-sale. This applies to residential properties built before 1978.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

San Francisco offers a series of incentives and financing products for commercial and residential projects through its Energy Watch and BayREN programs. For new commercial and residential construction projects, the city offers priority permitting through AB-004.

San Francisco offers commercial PACE and residential PACE funding through Energy Upgrade California which can provide funding of up to 100% of the cost of performance upgrades.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Tier 2 commercial projects which include commercial industrial buildings (non-residential) of more than 25,000 square feet but less than 75 feet in height must be LEED Silver certified. Tier 1 residential Projects are required to complete a GreenPoint Rated Checklist or a LEED Checklist.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

San Jose does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Through San Jose’s 2020 General Plan, the City allows increases to building height limits for private commercial building developers who incorporate green building features into their designs, such as solar panels, green roofs and other energy-saving devices. Through it's Affordable Housing Investment Plan, San Jose offers priority consideration for financing to housing developers who put green building features into supportive and affordable housing units.

The city also administers a PACE program for both residential and non-residential properties.

Last Updated: March 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to mandatory green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Seattle's Building Tune-Up policy phases in a periodic retrofit requirement for nonresidential buildings 50,000 square feet or larger, beginning in 2018. Seattle does not yet require residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Seattle offers expedited permitting to green building projects through its Priority Green program. The city has an incentive zoning program that requires developers to provide public benefits to achieve greater height/density on their building site. Through Seattle's Director's Rule, land use departures (e.g. floor area increases) are allowed for both residential and commercial construction that achieve green standards.

Last Updated: March 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

St. Louis does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

In 2016, the City of St. Louis launched the Green HELP program to assist residents with low-interest loans for making energy efficiency upgrades to their homes.

PACE financing is available for energy efficiency projects in residential and commercial buildings and incentives for energy efficiency measures are offered through the City's Energy Smart program.

Last Updated: February 2017

Green Building Requirements

Private commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Tampa does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Tampa offers expedited plan review for commercial construction which includes provisions for energy efficiency.  Rebates are available to residential and commercial construction achieving the LEED standards. Homes built to the Florida Green Building Coalition standards also receive a rebate.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Virginia Beach has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Virginia Beach does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Virginia Beach offers tax breaks for energy efficient residential and commercial buildings as verified by a third-party inspection.

Last Updated: January 2017

Green Building Requirements

Washington’s above-code building requirements apply to new construction and major renovation of privately-owned, non-residential buildings. The Green Construction Code applies to all commercial projects 10,000 square feet and larger, and all residential projects 4 stories and higher and 10,000 square feet or larger. A commercial building over 50,000 square feet must achieve LEED at the Certified level. If a residential buildings has received at least 15% of its funding from public sources (broadly defined to include ground leases, TIF districts, etc.) in a project greater than 10,000 square feet, they must achieve Green Communities Certification or LEED.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Washington does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning. 

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Washington provides PACE financing for large commercial construction. Rebates are available for residential and commercial efficiency projects, as well as a free residential energy audit program and weatherization assistance program.

Last Updated: January 2017