State and Local Policy Database

Alaska

State Scorecard Rank

41

Alaska

10.0Scored out of 50Updated 9/2016
State Government
Score: 5 out of 7
State Government Summary List All

Alaska offers several consumer incentives for energy efficiency upgrades, including a program for energy-efficient upgrades in rural Alaskan community buildings. The state government by example by requiring efficient public buildings and benchmarking energy consumption in these facilities. Alaska is one of the few states to require the release of residential building energy data at the time of sale. The state has one research center focused on energy efficiency.

Financial Incentives List All

Financial Incentive information for Alaska is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE Alaska). Information about additional incentives not presented on DSIRE is listed here.

Village Energy Efficiency Program (VEEP): The Alaska Energy Authority has received authorization from the State of Alaska to establish the Village Energy Efficiency Program (VEEP) under AS 44.83.080. The Village Energy Efficiency Program (VEEP) offers funds to rural Alaskan communities with a population no greater than 8,000 residents for energy efficiency upgrades. Funding available to small, high energy cost communities under this announcement is $900,000.

Last Updated: July 2016

Building Energy Disclosure List All
  • Building type(s) affected: residential

Alaska statute AS.34.70.101 requires the release of utility data for residential buildings at the time of sale.

Last Updated: July 2016

Public Building Requirements List All

Passed in 2010, Senate Bill 220 mandates 15% energy efficiency improvement retrofits by 2020 of 25% of the state's public buildings that are 10,000 square feet or larger not including legislative or court buildings. SB220 also included a provision mandating ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1 compliance on all retrofits or deferred maintenance of public facilities performed under the 25% improvement section of the bill.

In addition to the retrofit goal of reducing energy use by 15% in 25% of the public facilities by 2020, any new facilities managed or owned by the Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, 10,000 square feet or greater that are not legislative or court buildings, must be constructed to the latest version of ASHRAE/IESNA standard.  The Department of Education also requires that new facilities constructed with FY14 funds must be constructed to the same ASHRAE standards.

Senate Bill 220 also directed the Office of Management and Budget to work with state agencies to develop a standardized methodology to collect and store energy consumption and expense data. The state has benchmarked over 1,700 public facilities (as of June 2013). Data is compiled in the Alaska Retrofit Information System (ARIS) database. A voluntary effort is underway to benchmark publically owned buildings not owned by the state of Alaska.

Last Updated: July 2016

Fleets List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Note: For state efficient fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing state fleet efficiency. State alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

In 2010, the State Legislature authorized the creation of a $250M revolving loan fund for energy efficiency retrofits for public facilities.  Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) are one possible way to access this funding. Three Energy Services Companies (ESCOs) who offer ESPCs are retained on a three year term contract to service state-owned facilities through the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities.  ESCOs are also able to bring clients and contracts for school and municipal projects in for AHFC loans. Several ESPCs have been completed across the state with Federal, State and municipal funds. The Alaska Industrial Development Export Authority (AIDEA) has two loan programs under which ESCO and/or non-residential building owners can access State capital to make efficiency improvements. This type of contracting is a still relatively new but growing industry in Alaska.

Last Updated: July 2016

Research & Development List All

The Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC) in Fairbanks, Alaska is an industry-based, nonprofit corporation created to facilitate the development, use, and testing of energy-efficient, durable, healthy, and cost-effective building technologies for people living in circumpolar regions around the globe. The Center represents 1,200 building industry firms and groups across the state. CCHRC’s energy efficiency research focuses on fuel use monitoring, window insulation evaluation, domestic hot water energy modeling, wall systems insulation, passive refrigeration and more. The Center is conducting a statewide housing needs assessment, which will focus on energy use as a significant cost in home ownership, and in rental properties. The Center’s 15,000 square foot Research and Testing Facility (RTF) first opened in 2006 after receiving $5.2 million in public and private funding. CCHRC is conducting Alaska Housing Finance Corporation's statewide housing needs assessment and expects to release the report in 2017.

Last Updated: July 2016

Buildings
Score: 2 out of 7
Buildings Summary List All

Building energy codes apply to state-financed residential buildings, but not other new construction. Alaska has made several efforts to ensure code compliance, including establishment of a stakeholder advisory group and completion of a gap analysis.

Residential Codes List All

Alaska does not have a mandatory statewide code for new residential construction. However, since July 2013, residential construction projects financed by the Alaska Housing Finance Corporation have been required to meet the state-developed Building Energy Efficiency Standards (BEES), which is based on the 2012 IECC with state-specific amendments. Since the corporation finances approximately 20% of the market share, the majority of homes in Alaska are built to this standard. In addition, Alaska's Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC) found that about 68% of new residential construction adheres to BEES.

Last Updated: September 2016

Commercial Code List All

Alaska has no statewide commercial building code, but all public facilities must comply with the thermal and lighting energy standards adopted by the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities mandated by AS44.42020 (a) (14).

Last Updated: June 2016

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan: BCAP chose Alaska to assist with the development of its gap analysis and a strategic plan, which were completed in late 2012.
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: A database has been constructed to capture data on energy code compliance for all new homes. Analysis has not been made yet, but is planned for 2016-17.
  • Utility Involvement: N/A. No regulatory guidelines have been established with regard to involving utilities in supporting building energy code compliance. 
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: N/A
  • Training/Outreach: The Alaska Housing Finance Corporation has classes for contractors, building officials and others to train in compliance with the Alaska Building Energy Efficiency Standard. Training is offered to about 500 builders, inspectors, and energy raters on an annual basis.

Last Updated: June 2016

CHP
Score: 1 out of 4
CHP Summary List All

The state has a grant program for CHP projects, but otherwise has limited policies to encourage CHP. No new CHP installations were brought online in 2015.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Alaska’s interconnection standards are only applicable to systems 25kW and smaller, and only to those powered by renewable fuels, including biomass. The state has not established an overall standard for interconnection processes, but instead will review each regulated utility’s interconnection standard to judge for “reasonableness.” The Regulatory Commission of Alaska is currently considering interconnection requirements for non-utility generators connecting to the Muncipal Light and Power (ML&P) electric system in Anchorage in an open docket.

Last Updated: August 2016

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

There are currently no state policies designed to acquire energy savings from CHP (like other efficiency resources) or energy generation from CHP (in terms of kWh production) that apply to all forms of CHP. 

Last Updated: June 2016

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, or financing: There are currently no state policies that provide incentives for natural gas-fueled CHP, but biomass systems are eligible for assistance through the Alaska Energy Authority.

Net metering: Although there are net metering regulations in the state, CHP is not an eligible technology

Last Updated: June 2016

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

Some additional supportive policies exist to encourage CHP in Alaska. The Alaska Energy Authority provides specific technical assistance and free screening analysis reports for potential CHP projects in the state. The AEA also offers two programs for which renewable-fueled CHP may be eligible (1) the Alaska Renewable Energy Fund (REF) and (2) the Rural Power System Upgrade Program (RPSU)

The REF was established by the state legislature in 2008 and extended 10 years in 2012. The fund is intended to provide assistance to utilities, independent power producers, local governments, and tribal governments for feasibility studies, reconnaissance studies, energy resource monitoring, and work related to the design and construction of eligible facilities.

The RPSU provides funding for power system upgrades in rural communities through Alaska. Upgrades may include efficiency improvements, powerhouse upgrades or replacements, line assessments, lines to new customers, demand-side improvements and repairs to generation and distribution systems.

The state Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EE&C) program has also funded waste heat recovery systems in isolated villages to capture exhaust heat from diesel-fueled generators for beneficial use to heat nearby public buildings.

Last Updated: June 2016

Utilities
Score: 0 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

Historically, there have been very few utility-sector energy efficiency programs in Alaska.  Most program activity is through the state government. Since 2008, the Alaska State Legislature has appropriated a total of $461.5 million to energy efficiency programs, which are covered on Alaska's Financial Incentives page.

In 2010, House Bill 306 established Alaska's state energy policy, which included an aggressive renewable electricity goal, as well as a goal to reduce per capita electricity use in the state by 15% by 2020. This goal has not yet been translated into specific requirements for utilities to achieve specific savings levels, and therefore is not yet considered an energy efficiency resource standard (EERS).

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last updated: September 2016

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Much of the existing program activity is through the state government, not the utilities. The major state government program, the Home Energy Rebate Program, has saved about 1.7 trillion Btus since 2008 (savings are mostly in heating fuel rather than electricity). This and other state programs are covered on Alaska’s State Government tab.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: June 2016

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

There is currently no policy in place that treats energy efficiency as a resource. Alaska does not have an integrated resource planning (IRP) process.

For more information on energy efficiency as a resource, click here.

Last Updated: June 2016

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

In June 2010, Governor Sean Parnell signed House Bill 306 into law. The legislation established Alaska's state energy policy, which included an aggressive renewable electricity goal, as well as a goal to reduce per capita electricity use in the state by 15% by 2020. This goal must be translated into specific requirements for utilities to achieve savings of a specific amount to qualify as an EERS.

For more information on Energy Efficiency Resource Standards, click here.

Last Updated: June 2016

Utility Business Model List All

There is currently no policy in place that decouples utility profits from sales.

There is currently no policy in place that rewards successful energy efficiency programs.

Last Updated: June 2016

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All

There are no formally approved ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in Alaska. There is no required reporting to any central entity.

Last Updated: June 2016

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

Alaska does not have self direct or opt-out provisions for large customers. 

Last updated: June 2016

Data AccessList All

There is no policy in place that requires utilities to release energy use data to customers or third parties.  

Last Updated: June 2016

Transportation
Score: 2 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

Alaska has one of the highest per capita transit expenditures of any state, an indication that they have an interest in promoting energy-efficient modes of transportation. However, the state has not pursued specific energy-efficient transportation policies.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land Use Integration: No policy in place or proposed.

 

VMT Targets: No policy in place or proposed.

 

Complete Streets: No policy in place or proposed.

 

MAP 21 Freight Plans and Goals: No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Transit Funding List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 2
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Alaska has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: July 2016