State and Local Policy Database

Appliance Standards Summary

Appliance and equipment standards have been one of the most successful policies used by the federal and state governments to save energy. When the federal government or states establish appliance and equipment standards, they are setting the bar for the minimum efficiency of products. Standards require products, such as refrigerators or air conditioners, to meet specific minimum efficiency requirements thereby reducing energy use and consequently saving consumers money while improving the environment. Standards prohibit the production and sales of products less efficient than the minimum requirements, causing manufacturers to focus on how to incorporate energy-efficient technologies into their products at the least cost and hastening the development of innovations that bring improved performance.

In doing so, standards provide all consumers with a minimum level of efficiency performance, making energy-efficient products more affordable and more widely available. Successful implementation at the state-level has often been followed by manufacturers and efficiency supporters negotiating consensus standards that are then recommended to Congress for adoption. Today the federal government often uses the standards set by states as a model for federal appliance standards.

Alabama has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: July 2016

Alaska has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 44 (Trade and Commerce), Section 1375

Description: In 2005, A.R.S. 44-1375 created Arizona’s Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards, which implemented minimum energy efficiency standards for twelve products. Ten of the twelve state standards became effective January 1st, 2008, the other two became effective in 2010. However, all twelve have since been preempted by federal standards introduced in EPAct 2005 as well as the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.

HB 2332, passed in 2009, amends A.R.S. 44-1375 by establishing new standards for three additional products – pool pumps, pool pump motors and electric spas – that became effective January 1, 2012. These have not been preempted by federal standards.

Last Updated: June 2017

Arkansas has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: July 2016

Policy: California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Sections 1601 - 1609

Description: California was the first state in the country to adopt appliance and equipment efficiency standards. The authority to adopt appliance and equipment efficiency standards was bestowed upon the California Energy Commission as stipulated under the Warren-Alquist Act, which was enacted in 1974. Over the years, California has adopted standards on more than 50 products, many of which have subsequently become federal standards. California has collaborated with other countries to set harmonized standards for products that have a worldwide market, beginning with external power supplies in 2007.  

On September 2, 2010, California's Office of Administrative Law approved the introduction of efficiency standards for televisions, making California the first state to adopt standards for televisions, effective 2011 with an updated standard becoming effective in 2013. In 2012 California adopted standards for battery chargers. In 2013 the Energy Commission began information collection and the “pre-rulemaking” phase of standards development for 15 categories of appliances. 

In April 2015, Governor Brown issued Executive Order B-29-15, establishing the first ever statewide mandatory water reductions to address California’s ongoing drought. One week later the Energy Commission adopted by emergency it’s proposed standards to reduce the water use of faucets, toilets and urinals. 

In May 2015, the Energy Commission adopted efficiency standards for fluorescent dimming ballasts, labeling requirements for HVAC air filters,and test and list requirements for heat pump water-chilling packages, all of which take effect July 1, 2016. In September 2015, under the emergency Executive Order B-29-15, the Energy Commission adopted two-tiered standards for showerheads, and amended its standards for lavatory faucets. Finally, in January 2016, the Energy Commission adopted standards for general service LED lamps and small-diameter directional lamps, which will take effect beginning January 1, 2018. During 2015 and 2016, the Energy Commission conducted pre-rulemaking workshops on standards for computers, computer monitors, and signage displays, as well as for pool pump motors and portable electric spas.

In August 2015, the Energy Commission launched its Modernized Appliance Efficiency Database System, which allows manufacturers to certify their products online and which has greatly improved the efficiency and utility of the state certification process."

In 2016, the Energy Commission adopted efficiency standards for computers, computer monitors, and signage display and conducted workshops for pool pumps and portable electric spas. In January 2017, the Energy Commission started Phase 2 of the appliance rulemaking as stated in the 2012 Order Instituting Rulemaking.  Appliances being considered for efficiency standards in Phase 2 include commercial and industrial fans and blowers, general service lamps, sprinkler spray bodies, tub-spout diverters, and irrigation controllers. The Energy Commission is also planning roadmap activities to encourage industry to voluntarily improve efficiency in set-top boxes, low power modes, and solar inverters. 
The Energy Commission also actively participated in several federal rulemaking proceedings in 2016:
1. Serving as a member of the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC);
2. Participating in the working group to negotiate updated efficiency standards and test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps;
3. Participating in the working group to negotiate new efficiency standards and test procedures for dedicated purpose pool pumps; and
4. Attending public meetings and submitting comment letters on proposed federal efficiency standards for general service lamps, residential non-weatherized gas furnaces, and commercial water heaters.
As an active member of the Pacific Coast Collaborative (http://pacificcoastcollaborative.org/), the Energy Commission participates in monthly calls with the states of Washington and Oregon and the Province of British Columbia, to discuss codes and standards and opportunities for aligning policies and standards in the pacific coast region.  The effort has helped to support the proliferation of state battery charger and television standards. "

 

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: CRS § 6-7.5-101 et seq.

Description: In 2014, the Colorado state legislature adopted SB 14-103, An Act Concerning the Phase-Out of the Sale of Certain Low-Efficiency Plumbing Fixtures. The policy requires the sale of plumbing fixtures meeting WaterSense standards for lavatory faucets, toilets, urinals and showerheads. These standards are set to go into effect in September 2016.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: C.G.S. Section 16a-48, Chapter 298, Energy Efficiency Standards

Description: In 2004 Connecticut General Statute 16a-48 was passed establishing energy efficiency standards that covered eight products, under jurisdiction of the Connecticut Office of Policy and Management and the Department of Public Utility Control.  Standards for five of the eight products were preempted by the federal standards included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Standards for an additional eight products were added in 2007, although three were preempted by the passing of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Of the eighteen standards introduced in Connecticut since 2001, only five have not been preempted by federal legislation. 

In January 2011, the Connecticut General Assembly passed Bill 1243, which added standards for compact audio players, televisions, and DVD players and recorders. The standards are based on standards from Title 20 of the California Code of Regulations. The standards became effective in 2014.

Last Updated: August 2016

Delaware has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: D.C. Codes § 8-1771; Energy Efficiency Standards Act of 2007

Description: In 2007 the District of Columbia introduced legislation, titled the Energy Efficiency Standards Act of 2007, which created standards for six products. On January 1st, 2009, four of these standards were preempted by the federal standards included in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. D.C. continues to enforce standards on two products: bottle-type water dispensers and commercial hot-food holding cabinets.  https://beta.code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/sections/8-1771.02.html

 

Last Updated: June 2017

Florida has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Georgia adopted plumbing standards for toilets in 2010. No analysis has yet been completed to estimate energy savings.

Last Updated: June 2017

Hawaii has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Idaho has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Illinois has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Indiana has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Iowa has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Kansas has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: Junr 2017

Kentucky has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Louisiana has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Maine has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: Articles § 9-2006 and 14.26.03, Maryland Energy Efficiency Standards Act

Description: In 2004 the Maryland Energy Efficiency Standards Act (EESA) was passed establishing minimum energy efficiency standards for nine products. All nine products covered by the EESA were preempted by the federal Energy Policy Act of 2005 immediately or by January 1st, 2010. In 2007, Maryland created standards for an additional seven products, although four of these standards were preempted by federal standards included in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Of the products for which Maryland has introduced standards, only two have not yet been preempted by federal standards: bottle-type water dispensers and commercial hot-food holding cabinets.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: M.G.L. Chapter 25B, § 1, et seq., Appliance Efficiency Standards Act

Description: Having originally adopted standards in 1986, Massachusetts was one of the first states to adopt appliance standards after California paved the way in 1974. In 2005, Massachusetts expanded its appliance standards legislation to cover seven products. The federal Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, however, introduced standards that preempted state standards for five of those products. New products that are considered for state standards are adopted through the Division of Energy Resources (DOER). 

In 2009, Massachusetts developed an application for a waiver of federal standards for gas furnace (and fans) minimum efficiency in order to implement its own, more stringent, standard; it is the only state to have done so. Their waiver application helped spur manufacturer interest in a negotiated federal standard. Federal standards preempted Massachusetts’ standard for furnaces in 2013 and furnace fans will be preempted in 2017. 

An appliance efficiency bill was filed at the beginning of the 2017 legislative session (H.3404)

Last Updated: June 2017

Michigan has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Minnesota has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Mississippi has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Missouri statutes require the Department of Natural Resources (subsequently, the Department of Economic Development/Division of Energy) to promulgate minimum energy efficiency appliance standards.

The standards cannot be more stringent than federal Energy Star standards if applicable. To date, no Missouri-specific appliance efficiency standards have been established. With the transfer of the Division of Energy from the Department of Natural Resources to the Department of Economic Development, the authority provided by this statute transferred with the Division of Energy.

Missouri has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Montana has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Nebraska has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: NRS § 701.260

Description: Assembly Bill 178, adopted June 2007 and codified as NRS § 701.260, established efficacy standards (efficiency of light) for general purpose incandescent lamps, effective January 1, 2012. The Nevada standard is exempt from federal preemption because it predates and is stronger than the federal standard. However, the state has not yet begun enforcing the standard and it is uncertain when enforcement will commence.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: R.S.A. 339-G, Minimum Efficiency Standards for Certain Products

Description: In 2008, New Hampshire introduced appliance standards for four products through the passing of SB 259, codified as R.S.A 339-G. The legislation set standards for bottle-type water dispensers, commercial hot-food holding cabinets, residential furnaces, and furnace fans. The standards became effective January 1, 2009. New Hampshire had its standards for furnaces preempted by federal standards in 2013 and furnace fans in 2017. Otherwise, its remaining two standards have not yet been preempted.

Last Updated: July 2017

Policy: N.J. Stat. § 48:3-99 et seq., New Jersey Energy Efficiency Product Standards

Description: In 2005 New Jersey Governor Richard J. Codey signed a bill introducing Energy Efficiency Product Standards that established minimum standards for eight products. All eight standards have been preempted by the 2005 federal Energy Policy Act, the latest as of January 1, 2010. Appliance standards in New Jersey are considered and adopted by the Board of Public Utilities in consultation with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, as established by New Jersey Statute 48:3-99 and the Administrative Procedure Act (N.J.S.A. 52:14B-1 et seq.).

Last Updated: July 2017

New Mexico has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: NY LAWS ENG § 16-102, et seq., Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards

Description: Having originally adopted its standards in the 1980's, New York was one of the first states to adopt appliance standards after California paved the way in 1974. The duties of establishing standards fall upon the Department of State in consultation with the New York State Energy Research Department Authority (NYSERDA). New York Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards legislation was passed in 2005 and 2010, creating standards for nineteen products. Standards for fourteen of those products have been preempted by federal standards. The rulemakings for the standards of the eight remaining products are ongoing, so the standard levels have not yet been set and, consequently, are not being enforced.

Last Updated: June 2017

North Carolina has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

North Dakota has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Ohio has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Oklahoma has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: ORS  469.229 through ORS 469.229 et seq., Energy Efficiency Standards

Description: State efficiency standards are promulgated by Oregon's Department of Energy under guidelines established by Oregon Administrative rules which were created for the purpose of implementing the standards. Oregon passed legislation for Energy Efficiency Standards in 2005 and 2007 creating standards for seventeen products.  By January 1st, 2010, thirteen of these were preempted by federal standards mandated by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence Act of 2007. In 2013, Oregon set new standards for three products: televisions, battery chargers, and double-ended quartz halogen bulbs. 

In 2017, ODOE conducted minor rulemaking regarding definitions of small, non-consumer battery chargers. This was a non-substantial rulemaking however, and Oregon did not take any action to adopt any new appliance standards this year. Oregon continues to be an active member in the Pacific Codes Collaborative Codes and Standards group, along with California, Washington, and British Columbia. The PCC group conducts monthly calls to share and coordinate appliance standards activity across the region. We are closely monitoring federal inaction opportunities and preparing backstop standards in the event that certain federal standards are not renewed

Last Updated: June 2017

Pennsylvania has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: R.I. Gen. Laws § 39-27-1, et seq., Energy and Consumer Savings Act of 2005

Description: In 2005 the Energy and Consumer Savings Act established minimum energy efficiency standards for twelve commercial and residential products, nine of which were immediately preempted by the federal Energy Policy Act later that year, the last three preempted by federal standards effective January 1, 2010. In 2006, amendments were made to the 2005 legislation to create standards for an additional eight products, of which all but two have been preempted by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007: bottle-type water dispensers and commercial hot-food holding cabinets. The Office of Energy Resources is the state agency responsible for the adoption and certification of efficiency standards in Rhode Island.     

In 2017, the State Energy Office testified in support of a proposed bill to expand appliance standards in the State in 2017: http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/BillText17/HouseText17/H6077.pdf

Last Updated: June 2017

South Carolina has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

South Dakota has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Tennessee has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Texas adopted standards on plumbing products in 2009 for toilets and urinals. 

Last Updated: June 2017

Utah has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: 9 V.S.A. § 2791, et seq., Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances and Equipment

Description: In February 2006 Vermont passed bill H.0253, An Act Relating to Establishing Energy Efficiency Standards For Certain Appliances, which created energy efficiency standards for appliances. The Act created standards for seven products, which have since been preempted by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

Last Updated: July 2016

Virginia has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government. 

Last Updated: June 2017

Policy: RCW § 19.260.010, et seq., Minimum Efficiency Standards

Description: Washington enacted its initial appliance efficiency legislation in 2005, creating minimum efficiency standards for eleven products. All eleven have been preempted by standards introduced in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and one other will be preempted by federal standards that become effective in 2009. 

In May 2009 Governor Chris Gregoire signed HB 1004, adding efficiency standards for five more products that became effective January 1, 2010, of which only one has been preempted by federal standards. The adoption or recommendation of additional standards is the responsibility of the Energy Policy Division within the State Department of Commerce.   

Last Updated: June 2017

West Virginia has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Wisconsin has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2017

Wyoming has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: July 2016