Policies and programs that address customer end uses of energy are critical for achieving greater energy efficiency within the electric and natural gas utility sectors. States use ratepayer funds to administer programs that advance the deployment of energy efficiency in numerous sectors, including residential and commercial buildings, industry, and public institutions. States use different models to administer ratepayer funds, allowing utilities to run programs, utilizing a third-party, or blending these models.
Guam's electricity is provided by the GPA, a public corporation overseen by the elected Consolidated Commission on Utilities (CCU) and regulated by the Guam Public Utilities Commission (PUC). GPA does not offer energy efficiency programs, and no regulatory mechanisms are in place to incentivize energy efficiency.
Puerto Rico's electricity is supplied by PREPA, a government agency that owns the electric distribution system for the main island, Vieques, and Culebra. Currently, PREPA does not offer energy efficiency programs to its customers. There are no regulatory mechanisms in place to incentivize investments in energy efficiency.
Electricity generation and distribution in the U.S. Virgin Islands is managed by the Water and Power Authority (WAPA), an independent governmental agency. Currently, there are no energy efficiency programs available to customers in the U.S. Virgin Islands. No regulatory mechanisms are in place to incentivize investments in energy efficiency at the utility level.