State and Local Policy Database

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable Energy

Beyond codes, there are a variety of policy options available to cities to incentivize and/or require the energy-efficient operation of existing private buildings and/or the incorporation of efficiency measures in new private buildings. This sub-category includes information on four topics:

  • Building Energy Savings Goals – Building energy use reduction targets specific to or including the private building sector, such as participation as a Community Partner in the DOE Better Buildings Challenge.
  • Incentive and Financing Programs for Efficient Buildings – A description of the city-provided financial or non-financial incentives (e.g. rebates, fee reductions or waivers, grants, tax abatements or credits, technical assistance, expedited permitting, density bonuses) or financing mechanisms (e.g. property assessed clean energy bonds, on-bill repayment, tax increment financing, revolving loan funds) for efficient buildings which are not administered through a utility; information on the categories of private commercial and private residential buildings which are eligible for each program.
  • Green Building Requirements – Above-code green building requirements, which include energy efficiency standards; information on the categories of private commercial, private residential, and/or private buildings using public funds included in the green building requirements.
  • Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements – Requirements for building energy retrofits or retrocommissioning for private residential and/or commercial buildings; building energy audit requirements for private residential and/or commercial buildings.

The city offers three incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Through the Green Path Program, projects that exceed energy code minimum requirements receive expedited permit reviews and preliminary plan reviews at no costs.

Bernalillo County also offers commercial building owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Green Building Requirements

Arlington uses form based code that requires building to LEED standards for commercial centers and to LEED, EarthCraft, or Arlington's Green Home Choice program for residential development. All affordable housing that receives public funds must comply with EarthCraft standards. 

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Arlington does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Arlington provides expedited permitting for residential construction, density bonuses for commercial construction, as well as rebates for energy-efficient lighting retrofits.

Last Updated: May 2017

Atlanta offers six incentives for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Atlanta offers commercial and residential property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. 

The city grants buildings that meet green development criteria both a density bonus and expedited permitting.

Last updated: March 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

The City of Austin offers six incentives and financing programs for both energy efficiency upgrades and solar installation. The city’s municipal utility, Austin Energy, runs most of these programs.  

Austin Energy provides a $2,500 solar rebate for homeowners that complete the utility’s solar education course and install a solar system. The utility also offers low- to moderate-income households rebates for home weatherization and efficiency improvements. The city also offers density bonuses to commercial and residential properties that adhere to green building standards. Austin Energy also offers rebates for a variety of efficiency improvements for residentialmultifamily, and commercial properties. The utility also makes PACE financing available for multifamily and commercial properties pursuing energy efficiency upgrades.   

Last updated: March 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Baltimore offers fourteen incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, and low-income energy improvement projects.

Baltimore offers residential, commercial, and multifamily property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for both energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Baltimore has a $10 million low-interest loan program for energy efficiency for nonprofits and small businesses.

Through the High-Performance Market-Rate Rental Housing ordinance, the city offers a tax credit for buildings that achieve LEED Silver or higher.

Baltimore’s Housing Department assists low-income households with energy efficient improvements through their Energy Conservation Services.

Through the LIGHT program, the city matches household with available services to perform home weatherization and energy efficient upgrades.  

The city runs a bulk solar purchasing program through the Retrofit Baltimore initiative. The initiative also provides home energy upgrades to low-income residents at no cost.

Baltimore partnered with Healthy Neighborhoods, a local nonprofit, to provide low-interest loans and grants for energy efficient upgrades to low-income nonprofits and small businesses.

Last updated: March 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Boston offers five incentives and financing options for energy efficiency, solar, and low-income programs.

The Boston Industrial Development Financing Authority’s Tax-Exempt Lease Program provides non-profit institutions a vehicle to pursue performance-based energy efficiency improvements through a lease financing agreement with a vetted Energy Service Company.

Massachusetts passed commercial PACE-enabling legislation for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. Boston is currently developing guidelines to allow financing to begin in 2019.

The city’s Senior Save Program allows senior citizens earning less than 80% of the area median income to access funds to replace antiquated heating systems. The E+ Green Building program requires buildings generate more energy than it uses. The E+ program requires some units to be designated as affordable housing. Boston Housing Authority (BHA) partnered with the Action for Boston Community Development to install energy efficient equipment and materials in BHA’s public housing developments, ultimately saving $24 million in energy costs.  

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Boulder has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Boulder has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Through the Smart Regs program, Boulder requires single and multi-family rental homes to reach a certain level of energy efficiency by 2019. If compliance is not achieved, retrofits are then required.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Home and business owners are eligible for loans through EnergySmart that can be used on energy efficiency projects. 

Last Updated: October 2015

The city offers a single tax exemption incentive for new solar energy installations.

Last updated: March 2019

The city’s Energy Master Plan outlines state incentives for energy efficiency projects, but the city itself does not offer incentives for energy efficiency or solar energy projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Burlington has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

All construction is required to meet the Vermont State Commercial or Residential Building Efficiency Standards.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

The residential sector is subject to the Time of Sale Energy Efficiency Ordinance, which mandates minimum energy efficiency upgrades must be made when buildings are sold. 

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The Burlington Electric Department provides on-bill financing for commercial efficiency projects.

Last Updated: October 2015

Building Energy Savings Goals

Carrboro has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Carrboro has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Carrboro does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Carrboro established and is maintaining an Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan Fund for small businesses.

Last Updated: April 2014

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Charlottesville has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Charlottesville has green building requirements for municipal buildings, but privately-funded commercial and residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Charlottesville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Charlottesville has several incentives for efficient buildings.  Commercial and residential buildings that meet energy efficiency standards are eligible for a reduced tax rate of 50% on the building value for one year.  Businesses in Charlottesville can receive funding from the Clean Energy Commercial Loan Program to invest in energy efficiency improvements.  Through LEAP, Charlottesville also funds the limited time 0% Power Saving Loan Program to buy down Power Savings Loans to a 0% interest rate over a five year term.

Last Updated: October 2015

The city offers three incentives and financing programs for both energy efficiency upgrades and solar installation for buildings.

The Retrofit Chicago Residential Partnership offers rebates for energy efficient appliance to residential buildings with no more than four units. The Tax-Increment Financing Neighborhood Improvement Program offers grants to residential building of one to four units for efficiency improvements including air sealing, roof insulation, and boiler or furnace upgrades. The city passed a property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing ordinance that will provide financing to commercial, institutional and residential building owners.

Last updated: March 2019

The city offers five incentives and financing options for both energy efficiency upgrades and solar installation.

Chula Vista offers free home energy & water checkups for residents to determine opportunities for increased efficiency. The city also expedites permit reviews for projects that are at least 30% more efficient than current California energy efficiency standards. The city streamlined its solar permitting process for residential systems under 10 kW. The city offers commercial and residential properties access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing.

Last updated: March 2019

Cincinnati offers seven incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Cincinnati and the Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance offer residents and business a range of incentives and financing options for home energy efficient improvements and renewable energy upgrades.

Cincinnati also offers the Community Reinvestment Area (RCA) Residential Tax Abatement to city residents, which allows building owners to pay taxes on the pre-improvement value of their property after making efficiency improvements.

The city also offers the CRA Commercial Tax Abatement Program to companies and developers for new construction and renovation of LEED buildings and non-LEED buildings pending a financial gap analysis. 

The city also allows commercial property owners to apply for property assessed clean energy financing for energy efficiency projects.

Last updated: March 2019

The city offers eight incentives and financing options for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Cleveland partnered with the Northeast Ohio Advanced Energy District to offer commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. The city’s municipal utility, Cleveland Public Power, offers rebates for energy efficiency projects through a partnership with Efficiency Smart.

Through Empower Gas and Electric, the City offers low-cost energy efficiency packages to residential and small commercial building owners.

Cleveland’s Green Building Standard includes energy efficiency and renewable energy provisions that qualify new residential developments for property tax abatement for up to 15 years.

The City also supports commercial properties in the Cleveland 2030 District with financial assistance for energy efficiency, water conservation, and decarbonized transportation projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Columbus offers commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. They city also offers the Clean Energy Financing program for energy efficiency upgrades and solar projects in small businesses and large commercial/industrial buildings. Additionally, the city offers projects that exceed standard construction and renovation requirements with more favorable incentives. 

Last updated: May 2019

Dallas offers six incentives and financing programs for energy efficiency upgrades, solar installation, and low-income programs.

The city offers property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing to commercial, industrial, and multifamily residential properties for water conservation, energy-efficiency, and solar installation. The city also offers residential properties rebates for a range of home improvement actions that include energy efficiency upgrades. Dallas’s updated housing policy includes provisions to finance energy efficiency upgrades that bring low-income homes up to current energy codes.

Last updated: March 2019

Denver offers five incentives and financing programs for both energy efficiency upgrades and solar installation.

The Certifiably Green Denver program offers homeowners and small businesses loans to make energy efficiency upgrades. The Nonprofit Energy Efficiency Program provides funding to nonprofit organizations that pursue energy efficiency improvements. Property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing is available for commercial buildings for energy efficiency projects through Colorado’s C-PACE program. Denver also caps solar permitting fees at $50 and offers a $150 credit to any permit choosing the ERI or performance path.

Last updated: March 2019

Detroit offers four incentives for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Grants and loans are available to commercial and multifamily buildings through Detroit's SmartBuildings Program. The program covers both energy efficient upgrades and renewable energy installation.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Dubuque has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Dubuque has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Dubuque does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Dubuque does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: October 2013

El Paso offers four incentives four energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Through the city’s Green Building Grant Program, existing multifamily and new and existing commercial buildings may receive grants for achieving LEED certification. The size of the grant scales with the stringency of the certification.

El Paso County offers commercial and multifamily property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency, renewable energy, and water conservation projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Tarrant County offers commercial and multifamily property owners access to property assessed clean energy financing for both energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Grand Rapids offers commercial and multifamily property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency, renewable energy, and water conservation projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Hartford offers four incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, and low-income energy improvement projects.

Sections 4.3.2.B.(13).C and 4.3.2.B.(13).B grant density bonuses to developments that respectively install a renewable energy system providing at least 25% of energy demand and a combined heat and power system cover 50% of the building’s heating and cooling needs. 

The city also offers commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy finance for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Hartford is partnering with the Connecticut Green Bank and Solar for All to increase solar energy deployments in low- to moderate-income households.

Last updated: March 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

The state of Hawaii offers two incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects for low-income property owners.

The Honolulu Solar Loan Program provides income-eligible homeowners with zero-interest loans for the installation of solar hot water heaters and solar photovoltaic systems.

Last updated: March 2019

Houston offers five incentives and financing programs for energy efficiency upgrades, solar installations, and low-income programs.

Houston offers tax abatements and expedited permitting to commercial buildings that meet LEED standards. Commercial building owners can receive grants for energy retrofits through the City's Energy Efficiency Incentive Program. Houston offers weatherization to income-qualified homes. Energy efficiency financing is available to commercial and multifamily building owners through PACE Houston. The Hard-to-Reach Standard Offer Program allows households 200% below the federal poverty line to access financing for home energy efficiency improvement projects. 

Last updated: March 2019

Indianapolis offers four incentives for energy efficiency projects.

Indianapolis offers reduced permitting fees for commercial buildings achieving energy efficient criteria through the City's Green Building Incentive Program. The EcoHouse Project is an energy-efficiency loan program for medium and low-income homeowners in Indianapolis. The City also has two neighborhood grant programs as part of its Better Buildings Program to support residents, businesses, and non-profit organizations in implementing energy efficiency upgrades in their homes and businesses.

Last updated: March 2019

Jacksonville offers two incentives for energy efficiency projects.

The city expedites building plan review for developments achieving LEED certification.

JEA, the city’s municipal utility, offers energy efficiency rebates to commercial property owners.

Last updated: March 2019

Kansas City offers three incentives and financings programs for energy efficiency improvements.

Homeowners may apply for property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy-efficient and water-saving home through the HERO Program. Kansas City's energyworks loan program provides low-interest loans to home and business owners to make energy efficiency upgrades to their buildings.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Knoxville has not established a goal to reduce energy intensity across private building stock.

Green Building Requirements

Green building certification is included in scoring criteria for Tax Increment Financing (TIF) and PILOT, but there are no above code requirements for private building or buildings financed with public funds.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Knoxville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financing is available to qualifying residents that retrofit to energy certification standards.  TIF scoring is available for commercial buildings and favors buildings that achieve energy certification.

Last Updated: October 2015

Knoxville offers three incentives for energy efficiency upgrades.

Residential and commercial property owners may access tax increment financing for retrofits if they qualify. The city favors projects that achieve an energy-savings certification. The city's Community Development Department offers financial assistance for residential improvements through the Blighted Properties Redevelopment Program. The department requires projects that receive funding from the program to achieve ENERGY STAR standards. 

Last updated: May 2019

The city offers two incentives and financing programs for both energy efficiency and solar.

Las Vegas offers property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for commercial energy efficiency improvements and solar installations. 

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Lawrence has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Lawrence has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Lawrence does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The City Commission passed a permit fee reduction for solar thermal installations, an energy-efficient technology, in residential and commercial properties.

Last Updated: October 2015

Long Beach offers four incentives and financing options for energy efficiency improvements and solar installations.

The city offers expedited plan reviews to buildings that meet LEED certification requirements. Long Beach opted into the Los Angeles County Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program that allows homeowners to finance water conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy projects. The city also offers energy efficiency financing to commercial properties through its C-PACE program.

Last updated: March 2019

The city offers six incentives and financing programs for energy efficiency upgrades and low-income projects.

Los Angeles offers Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency improvements in residential and commercial buildings. The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) offers a range of rebates and incentives for energy efficiency projects. LADWP also runs low-income solar and energy efficiency programs.

Last updated: March 2019

Louisville offers a single incentive through the Energy Project Assessment District. The city began offering a voluntary program for financing energy efficiency projects in commercial buildings over a twenty year term. The program is similar to PACE financing programs. Residential building owners can find energy efficiency initiatives through The Green Initiative program and commercial building owners through the Louisville Energy Alliance.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Madison has set the goal to reduce energy consumption across all building stock by 50% from the 2008 baseline by 2030. This goal is outlined in the Sustainability Plan.

Green Building Requirements

Madison has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Madison does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Green Madison offers commercial property owners rebates and financing. Residential property owners are offered rebates and low interest energy efficiency financing for approved projects.

Last Updated: October 2013

Hidalgo County offers commercial and multifamily property owners access to PACE financing for energy efficiency, renewable energy, and water conservation projects.

Last updated: March 2019

The city offers three incentives for solar energy and low-income energy projects.

Through cooperation with Pathway Lending, property owners may access low-interest loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

MLGW, the city’s municipal utility, administers the Share the Pennies program to provide low-income homeowners with grants to make energy efficiency improvements.

The utility also runs the Rental Rescue program to provide renters with free energy audits to ensure properties are up to code on energy efficiency standards.

Last updated: March 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Miami offers six incentives for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Financing is available through the City of Miami PACE programs to residential and commercial building owners making energy efficiency upgrades.

The city offers expedited permitting and density bonuses for residential and commercial building owners implementing green building measures into their buildings.

Last updated: March 2019

Milwaukee offers four incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, and low-income energy improvement projects.

The Milwaukee Energy Efficiency (Me2) program offers rebates to Milwaukee homeowners for energy efficiency upgrades. Me2 also offers commercial PACE funding and rebates for energy efficiency upgrades for small buildings and manufacturing facilities.

Milwaukee's Targeted Investment Neighborhood and low income weatherization programs grant energy efficiency upgrades and weatherization work to low income homes.

Last updated: March 2019

The city offers thirteen incentives for energy efficiency upgrades, solar energy installation, and low-income energy action projects.

Minneapolis offers density bonuses to residential and commercial construction that aim to achieve a 35% above code energy rating.

Minneapolis offers PACE financing to commercial buildings for solar and energy efficiency improvements. The city offers a two percent loan program to small businesses for energy efficiency improvements. Minneapolis also offers a Commercial Energy Efficiency Loan program

The city’s Green Business Cost Share program provides financial incentives for solar incentives. The program prioritizes commercial and multifamily properties within the bounds of Minneapolis Green Zones or those participating in the 4d Naturally Occurring Affordable Housing Program because they aim to expand energy efficiency and renewable energy installation in low-income areas.

Last updated: March 2019

Nashville offers three incentives for energy efficiency and low-income energy improvement projects.

Through the Nashville Energy Works program, city residents may access low-interest loans from $1,000 to $35,000 for energy efficient upgrades.

Nashville offers density bonus for developments in the Central Business District if the projects achieve LEED certification. The density bonus scales with the stringency of the certification.

The city’s Home Energy Savings Program engages volunteers to conduct energy-savings upgrades to homeowners at no-cost to income-eligible households.

Last updated: March 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

New Orleans offers three incentives for energy efficiency and low-income energy improvement projects.

The New Orleans Redevelopment Authority provides financing for energy efficiency projects in affordable housing units.

Entergy New Orleans’s Energy Smart program offers energy efficiency incentives for commercial and residential building owners. The program also sets aside incentives for income-eligible households.

Last updated: March 2019

New York City offers three incentives for solar energy and low-income energy improvement projects.

The city established a property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing program for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.  The city also offers a J-51 tax abatement and exemption for energy efficient upgrades in affordable housing projects.

Last updated: May 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Oakland offers five incentives and financing options for energy efficiency, solar, and low-income projects.

Alameda County offers a range of rebates, including rebates for energy efficiency upgrades. The city also offers energy efficiency incentives for green builders.

Residential and commercial building owners may access property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency improvements, renewable energy installation, and water conservation actions. The Oakland Building Maintenance Code includes a streamlined and expedited solar permitting provision.

The Weatherization and Energy Retrofit Revolving Loan Program offers income-eligible property owners 0% interest loans for home improvement projects. The program is only eligible to owner-occupied residential properties with less than 5 units. 

Last updated: March 2019

The city offers a single incentive for energy efficiency upgrades through the Green Home Loan program, where residents may access a 3% fixed-interest loan within 48 months.

Last updated: March 2019

Omaha offers commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for renewable energy projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Orlando offers six incentives and financing options for energy efficiency upgrades, solar installation, and low-income projects.

Residential and commercial property owners may access property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for both energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy installations. 

The city partners with the non-profit Solar and Energy Loan Fund (SELF) and the municipal Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) to provide property owners with home energy improvements. The program is far-reaching and provides additional support to low-income homeowners.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Savings Goals

Park City has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Park City has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Park City does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Park City does not yet provide incentives or financing products for home or building owners making energy efficient upgrades.

Last Updated: October 2015

The city offers three incentives for energy efficiency projects.

Philadelphia grants density bonuses to developments achieving a LEED Gold or higher rating.

Philadelphia’s EnergyWorks program provides loan opportunities for energy efficiency upgrades in commercial and residential buildings. 

Last Updated: March 2019

Phoenix offers two incentives and financing options for energy efficiency and low-income energy projects.

The city covers the cost to register a home under LEED for Homes if it achieves LEED Platinum.

Phoenix’s low income housing rehabilitation program provides a loan covering 75% of home improvements costs, which includes home energy efficiency upgrades, at 0% interest.

Additionally, the $100,000 Sustainable Home Design Competition challenges architects to design a home that uses 80% less energy without rooftop solar systems and costs the same as standard construction. The winning design can be downloaded free online.

Last Updated: March 2019

Pittsburgh offers four incentives and financing options for energy efficiency upgrades and solar installations.

The city offers density bonuses of 20% in height and 20% in floor area to commercial projects that meet LEED efficiency standards. The city also administers the Pittsburgh Home Rehabilitation Program to provide 0% fixed-interest rate loans for home improvements. The Program also makes funds available solely for energy efficiency improvements.

The Business Energy Savings Program provides businesses loans of up to $50,000 for energy efficiency improvements.

Pennsylvania passed a commercial property assessed clean energy (C-PACE) legislation allowing municipalities to create C-PACE programs for solar installations.

Last Updated: March 2019

Portland offers two financing options for energy efficiency improvements and solar installations through its commercial property assessed clean energy (C-PACE) financing program.

Last Updated: March 2019

Providence offers three incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

The city offers commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. Residential property owners may also access PACE financing for renewable energy installations only.

Last Updated: March 2019

Raleigh offers a single grant incentive for energy efficiency projects through the Building Upfits Grant program.

Last Updated: March 2019

Reno does not offer any incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, nor low-income energy improvement projects.

Last Update: March 2019

Richmond offers a single incentive for energy efficient buildings. The city will expedite permits for buildings with a green roof.

Last Updated: March 2019

Riverside offers seven incentives and financing options for energy efficiency, solar, and low-income energy projects.

Through the Green Riverside program, commercial and residential building owners may access rebates for energy efficiency upgrades and/or energy-saving designs during the construction phase.

Commercial and residential property owners may also qualify for property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency improvements, renewable energy installation, and water conservation measures.

Single- and two-family households may also qualify for express solar permitting if the property meets specific standards.

The city’s municipal utility operates the Energy Savings Assistance Program that provides income-eligible applicants with no-cost home energy improvements.

Last Updates: March 2019

The city offers a single incentive for home energy improvements through the Sustainable Homes Rochester program. The program received funding from NYSERDA to promote clean heating and cooling technologies. The city aims to prioritize low-income households.

Last Update: March 2019

Sacramento offers eight incentives for energy efficiency improvements, solar installations, and low-income energy action projects.

The city offers residential and commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and solar installation projects.

SMUD, the city’s municipal utility, offers a range of rebates for home energy efficiency improvements. The utility also offers new electric vehicle drivers a free level 2 charger for residential properties. The utility also offers businesses an incentive for installing an electric vehicle charger. 

SMUD also runs the All-Electric Smart Homes program offers developers of newly constructed homes grants to install all-electric infrastructure on the property. Through the Home Performance Program, SMUD offers owners of existing home $13,750 for a comprehensive gas-to-electric conversion.

Last Updated: March 2019

St. Paul offers three incentives for energy efficiency and low-income energy improvement projects.

The city offers commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (C-PACE) financing for energy efficiency upgrades and renewable energy installations through the St. Paul Port Authority. 

Additionally, developments receiving more than $200,000 must meet the Minnesota SB 2030 energy standard. 

The city also administers the Energy Smart Home program to offer residents zero-interest loans for energy efficient upgrades. The program is available for all residents, but allows income-eligible participants to borrow 100% of project costs without a match. 

Last Update: March 2019

Salt Lake City offers five incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Through the Economic Development Loan Fund, the city offers loans to commercial property owners for energy efficiency upgrades and retrofits.

The city provides expedited plan reviews for commercial and residential properties meeting green building standards.

Salt Lake City offers commercial property owners access to property assessed clean energy (C-PACE) financing for energy efficiency and solar installation projects.

Last Updated: March 2019

San Antonio offers five incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, and low-income energy improvement projects.

The city’s STEP program offers residential and commercial property owners incentives for energy efficient upgrades such as weatherization, HVAC replacement, efficient construction etc. The program also offers incentives for renewable energy installation.

The San Antonio Green & Healthy Home program assists low- to moderate-income households with creating energy-efficient and sustainable homes.

Last Update: March 2019

San Diego offers eight incentives and financing options for both energy efficiency and solar projects.

Through Resolution R-298001, the city offers expedited permitting to residential and commercial projects that meet green building standards outlined in Policy Number 900-14.

Commercial and residential property owners may access property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for both energy efficiency upgrades and renewable energy installations.

Last Updated: March 2019

San Francisco offers eight incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, and low-income energy improvement projects.

San Francisco provides commercial and residential property owners a range of financing options and incentives for energy efficiency projects through the Energy Watch and BayREN programs.

The city also offers property assessed clean energy financing to both residents and business owners for energy efficiency, renewable energy, and water conservation projects.

San Francisco’s GoSolarSF program offers several incentives for property owners installing solar PV systems. There are additional incentives set aside for income-eligible homeowners. 

Last Updated: March 2019

San Jose currently offers five incentives and financing options for energy efficiency and solar projects.

Commercial and residential property owners may access property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency improvements and solar installations.

Through the Affordable Housing Investment Plan, the city offers priority financing for developers incorporating green building features into affordable housing units.

Last Updated: March 2019

Seattle offers 11 incentives and financing options for energy efficiency and low-income energy projects.

Seattle offers expedited permitting to green building projects through its Priority Green program. The city runs an incentive zoning program that requires developers to provide public benefits to achieve greater height/density on their building site. Through Seattle's Director's Rule, land use departures (e.g. floor area increases) are allowed for both residential and commercial construction that achieve green standards.

The city provides a rebate for residential households to switch from oil to electric heat pumps. Seattle City Light, the city’s municipal utility, also provides rebates for cost-effective, above-code construction and for existing building efficiency improvements.

Seattle has also partnered with two nonprofits to provide energy efficiency financing and utility repayment plans.

Seattle City Light offers income-eligible customers the opportunity lower electricity bills by 60%.

Seattle City Light awarded three affordable housing projects with solar energy grants as part of the utility’s Green Up program.

The city partnered with Craft3 to provide loans to households that may not be able to secure competitive rates. Loans can be for clean energy and energy efficiency, and homeowners can repay them through their utility bill. 

Last Updated: March 2019

St. Louis offers six incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

The City of St. Louis launched the Green HELP program to assist residents with low-interest loans for making energy efficiency upgrades to their homes.

PACE financing is available for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects in residential and commercial buildings.

The city offers additional incentives for energy efficiency measures the City's Energy Smart program.

Last Updated: March 2019

St. Petersburg offers four incentives for energy efficiency projects.

Commercial and residential construction permit applications are eligible for partial refund of permit fees if the building receives a green building certification. Residential buildings must meet all requirements of the Green Home Designation Standard of the Florida Green Building Coalition to receive a $300.00 refund. Commercial buildings but meet all requirements of USGBC LEED standard to receive a $1,000 refund. The city has also partnered with Duke Energy who offers free home energy checks and rebates for residents.

Last Update: March 2019

Tampa offers three incentives for energy efficiency projects.

Tampa offers expedited plan review for commercial construction that includes provisions for energy efficiency.  Rebates are available to residential and commercial construction achieving the LEED standards. Homes built to the Florida Green Building Coalition standards also receive a rebate.

Last Updated: March 2019

Tucson offers reduced permitting fees for solar-generating equipment. 

Last Update: May 2019

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last Update: March 2019

The city offers two incentives for energy efficient buildings. Residential and commercial buildings may earn tax breaks for achieving energy savings, as verified by a third-part inspection.

Last Updated: March 2019

Washington provides nine incentives for energy efficiency, solar, and low-income energy projects.

Commercial property owners may access property assessed clean energy (C-PACE) financing for energy efficiency improvements and onsite renewable energy generation.

The DC Sustainable Energy Utility (DCSEU) offers residential and commercial property owners rebates for energy efficient appliances.

Washington previously administered a low-income home weatherization program that invested $25 million in energy efficiency measures and renewable energy installation.

The Solar for All program seeks to provide 100,000 low-income households with solar energy through direct rooftop installation and community solar farms.

The Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act of 2018 carves out 30% of revenues for low-income energy actions.

The DC Department of Energy and Environment offers financial assistance for projects seeking net-zero design. 

Last Updated: May 2019

Worcester does not offer any incentives for energy efficiency, solar energy, nor low-income energy improvement projects.

Last Updated: March 2019