State and Local Policy Database

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Albuquerque’s Integrated Development Ordinance (IDO) includes a Workforce Housing Bonus, which allows for an extra story of building height for developments that include Workforce Housing (“Rental or for-sale housing that is affordable to an individual whose annual household income does not exceed 80% of the area median income (AMI) and whose monthly housing payment does not 30% of the imputed income limit applicable to such unit or 35% under special conditions to be defined in the Workforce Housing Plan. The AMI is published annually by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.”).

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City offers indigent bus passes to low-income passengers; a one-day pass is $1.00 (50% discount) and a one-month pass is $10.00 (66.6% discount). The City also offers free bus passes to youth during the summer months. ABQ Ride provides discounted public transit rates for indigent populations, as well as TMA/TANF recipients and Medicare cardholders. The local bikeshare system, Pace, does not currently have incentives for low-income residents, but is working to develop incentives, as well as programs for users who are unbanked and/or do not have smartphone capabilities. The area served by PACE Bike Share Stations has a higher percentage of low-income households (49.7%), when compared to the region (36.8%).

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

According to CNT very few households have access to high-quality transit in Albuquerque. Nevertheless, the city has built out rapid ride transit service, which provides significant benefit to low-income households located near the corridor.

Last Updated: April 2019

Arlington County has no formal requirements or incenctives for the creation or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: May 2017

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The Atlanta Regional Commission’s (ARC) housing policies as part of Plan 2040 call for providing a range of housing choices to accommodate households of all income levels, sizes, and needs and to ensure that workers in the community have the option to live there. The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority also has guidelines for creating mixed-income, senior and workforce housing around metro stations. The Housing Opportunity Bond program provides land acquisition, bridge financing and second mortgage gap loans for affordable housing, with preference towards projects around mass transit.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The Relay Bikeshare system offers a discounted monthly pass option for Students people that receive SNAP benefits ($5.00/month).

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Atlanta, almost 56% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: May 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Aurora does not yet require, incentivize, or subsidize creation or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas or any areas identified for compact, mixed-use development.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Aurora does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Aurora, 64% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Austin requires and offers incentives in the form of density bonuses in Transit Oriented Developments. Its SMART housing program offers density bonuses and expedited permitting. The neighborhood housing and community development department also has a goal for 25% of affordable housing created or preserved to be within ¼ mile of high frequency transit.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Capital Metro offers a Reduced Fare ID (RFID) Card that enables eligible riders to receive a half-price fare. The card costs $3 and is good for 2 years. The bikeshare system B-cycle also has a low-income program called B-Cycle for all. To qualify for the B-cycle For All program, you must be an Austin resident, have an annual household income of $28,500 or less, and not be a full-time student.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Austin, 53% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Bakersfield does not yet require, incentivize, or subsidize creation or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas or any areas identified for compact, mixed-use development.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Bakersfield does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Bakersfield does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Baltimore does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City of Baltimore’s bikeshare systems, Lime and Bird, offer discounts to low-income customers.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Baltimore, almost 56% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Birmingham does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Birmingham does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Birmingham does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Boston has an Inclusionary Development Policy (IDP) to preserve access to affordable housing opportunities in transit-served areas in all of Boston’s neighborhoods. Developers may include affordable units within their developments, create affordable housing in an off-site location, or make a cash contribution towards the creation or preservation of affordable housing. Boston also has site-specific transit-oriented development for mixed-income housing with built-in higher sustainability requirements. This is part of E+, which builds upon Boston’s Article 37 Green Building Zoning and the city’s Green Affordable Housing Guidelines.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Income-eligible people can use Blue Bikes, the City’s public bike-sharing system, for $50 a year, or $5 a month with no annual commitment. The membership includes unlimited one-hour trips. The MBTA offers discounted/reduced fares for seniors, people with disabilities, middle and high school students, and low-income young adults. People who are visually impaired/blind ride for free.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Boston, 43% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Per Bridgeport Zoning Code, the Incentive Housing Overlay Zone (O-IH) is designed to encourage and promote the development of affordable housing in the city's downtown as well as other areas of the city contiguous to downtown or otherwise served by bus transit or within walking distance of its transportation assets and quality of life amenities.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Bridgeport does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Buffalo does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Buffalo does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Buffalo, 61% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Charlotte has the Voluntary Mixed Income Housing Development Program in place to encourage mixed-income housing developments in targeted locations, through a voluntary, incentive-based density bonus in several zoning districts.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Charlotte does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Charlotte, almost 53% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The Chicago zoning Ordinance incentivizes development at or near transit stations by offering reductions in minimum lot area, increases in height, reduction in parking and increases in floor area. In addition, the city lists energy efficient design and projects located near public transportation as selection criteria preferences in the Qualified Allocation Plan (QAP) for the allocation of 9% of Low-Income Housing Credits.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Chicago has a Divvy for Everyone Program that provides a one-time $5 Annual Membership to qualifying residents. The Chicago Transit Authority has a reduced fare and free ride program for some residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Chicago, 48% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Chula Vista does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City offers links and information to programs that offer discounts to public transit through regional agencies. The City’s new bikeshare policy will encourage bike share providers to offer incentives to residents in low-income parts of the city.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Chula Vista, almost 67% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Cincinnati does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Cincinnati does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Cincinnati, 59% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Cleveland does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Cleveland does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Cleveland, 72% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Columbus does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Columbus does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Columbus, almost 58% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Dallas has a requirement in place for the development of mixed-income housing in all TIF financed projects which ensures that affordable housing will be an integral component of each development.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Dallas does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Dallas, 43% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Denver’s Office of Economic Development helped to seed the Denver Regional Transit Oriented Development Fund (run through Enterprise Community Partners) that helps prospective developers acquire land near transit for future affordable housing.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Denver will be launching its first electric vehicle carshare pilot program in a low-income neighborhood in early 2019. The City has funded the installation of a charging station to support this project as well as providing discounted carshare memberships to community members. The City has also worked with the regional transit provider RTD to improve the accessibility of transit for low-income and youth riders through discounted fares.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Denver, almost 45% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Detroit does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Detroit does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Detroit, 58% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

El Paso does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

El Paso does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of El Paso, almost 92.9% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Fort Worth provides tax and funding incentives for affordable and mixed-income housing in transit-served areas and mixed-use areas by policy.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Fort Worth does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Fort Worth, almost 42% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Grand Rapids does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Grand Rapids does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Grand Rapids, 63% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The City offers density bonuses (an additional 2 stories) for downtown and transit-oriented development districts when property owners provide affordable housing that is more than 15% of residential units (see 4.3.2.E. and 4.4.2.E. of the Zoning Regulations).

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The Lime bikeshare program, which is the citywide dockless bike share program, has a program targeting low-income residents. Low-income residents can receive 100 rides for just $5. The normal price for rides is $1 per ride. In addition, community partners such as the BiCi Co. program at the Center for Latino Progress offer opportunities for low income or carless residents and youth. BiCi Co. has a Bikes for Jobs program, where low-income participants can receive an upcycled bicycle, bike lock, lights, and helmet for only $20. BIKELIFE is another annual BiCi Co. program for youth and teens (ages 10 to 19) in Hartford that includes a bicycle safety course. For a $20 registration fee, the participant receives an upcycled bicycle, bike lock, lights, and a helmet. The bike safety classes and BIKELIFE Festival coincide with Hartford schools April spring break.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Hartford, almost 66% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Henderson does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Henderson does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Henderson does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

As part of the TOD planning, when developers seek additional height or density above the underlying maximum, or flexibility to the TOD Special District development standards, applicants will be required to provide demonstrable community benefits to justify the bonuses. Community benefits, often thought of as a “benefits package,” are elements of a project designed to mitigate adverse impacts on properties and areas within the TOD Special District. Under these guidelines, affordable housing is considered a “community benefit.”

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City offers a Bus Pass Subsidy Program that provides each person in an eligible household with a discount voucher to use toward the price of a monthly bus pass.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Honolulu, 43% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Houston outlines policies to encourage the development of higher density housing—including affordable housing—within urban centers that are well served by multiple transportation modes within its’ Urban Houston Framework. In addition, the city’s Midtown TIRZ project plan requires one-third of all investments be dedicated to affordable housing along the rail line for both families and individuals to ensure a mixed-income neighborhood that sustains Midtown.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Houston does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Houston, 52% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Indianapolis supported two programs that subsidize affordable housing in transit-served areas. The HOME Investment Partnership Program Grant requested proposals for projects that support multi-family, affordable rental housing development within a half-mile of proposed rapid transit stations. The city’s Department of Metropolitan Development also administered Community Development Block Grants to projects that identified local priorities with a preference for projects within half a mile of a proposed transit station.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

IndyGo offers half price rates for youth 18 and younger, seniors 65 and over, and free fare for all veterans.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Indianapolis does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Jacksonville does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Jacksonville does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Jacksonville does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Kansas City does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The Kansas City BCycle has reduced memberships for low-income residents ($10 annually). In addition, participants in the forthcoming (Spring 2019) shared active transportation pilot program (dockless scooters and bikes) will require 20% of fleets to deploy in low-life expectancy zip codes and must provide equitable pricing and payment options for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In Kansas City, almost 67% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The City of Knoxville has established an affordable rental development fund in the initial amount of $2 million for the creation of new affordable and workforce rental housing. This fund is in response to the need for standard rental units that are affordable to low- and moderate-income renters. Knoxville has lost hundreds of affordable units over the last few years while at the same time market rents have been steadily climbing. In an effort to increase the supply and long-term availability of rental housing options for persons with modest incomes, this fund has been created to incentivize the development of quality affordable rental housing. Proximity to public transportation is one of the funding priorities.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Knoxville does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Knoxville does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Under the newly adopted Form-Based zoning code, the city of Las Vegas does encourage compact, mixed-use development, including a variety of housing types. As a part of the code’s adoption, and as specified in the Vision 2045 Downtown Las Vegas Master Plan, a new incentive program is under development (including density bonuses for affordable housing and open space, expedited reviews, and bonuses for buildable height and area).

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Las Vegas does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Las Vegas, almost 76% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The City of Long Beach does incentivize and subsidize affordable housing in these areas through several incentives:

  • Codified State Density Bonus Law
  • Reduced parking requirements (AB744), allowing developers to request reduced minimum parking requirements within affordable housing projects near transit, and amends the parking ratio near affordable and senior housing to require no more than 0.5 parking spaces per unit (0.3 for public housing)
  • Developer Impact Fee Waiver that the City imposes on new development throughout the City which are waived for affordable housing developments
  • 2018 General Plan Land Use Element Update, as well as the Downtown and Midtown Specific Plans allow for additional compact, mixed-use development

The City subsidizes the creation and preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas through both the Long Beach Community Investment Company (LBCIC) and through the Housing Authority.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City will roll out a reduced fare bike share program for income-sensitive riders in conjunction with the expansion of the bike share network in 2019. Eligibility criteria will include existing membership in any of the following 3 programs: CalFresh, Long Beach Housing Assistance, and Long Beach Gas and Oil Utility Assistance. A cash payment option will be added as well. Additionally, Long Beach Transit provides a discount fare for students, seniors, disabled patrons, and Medicare recipients. Additionally, if City Council chooses to extend the current e-scooter pilot program, it is expected that requirements will be established requiring vendors to offer options to low-income users. Lastly, the City does not have an EV car sharing program. The City does not have a targeted low-income bike share, but the City has opted to create a reduced fare option to provide income-sensitive residents access to the existing bike share fleet.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Long Beach, almost 54% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Los Angeles’ Metro adopted guidelines that include a performance measure that its’ joint development portfolio include minimum of 35% affordable housing units. Metro may also discount land value of its joint development sites up to 30% of the fair market value on sties accommodating affordable housing. The city is currently working on a Transit Oriented Communities Loan Program to support affordable housing in transit-oriented areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Blue LA offers a community membership to qualifying low-income individuals.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Los Angeles, almost 54% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Louisville’s Creating Affordable Residences for Economic Success (Louisville CARES) revolving loan program gives points for projects that are located within ¼ to ½ mile of a TARC stop. Projects have to meet a minimum score of 60 points to be reviewed by the CARES loan committee. If they’re approved, they will get a low interest rate loan to create new affordable multifamily units.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Louisville does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Louisville does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

McAllen does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

McAllen does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of McAllen does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Memphis does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas. The City’s under-development Comprehensive Plan – Memphis 3.0 – will include policies and strategies related to creating and preserving affordable housing in transit-served/TOD areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Explore Bike Share offers a Pay-It-Forward membership that provides an annual membership to the purchaser as well as to a fellow Memphian in need of affordable transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Memphis does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Mesa does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Mesa does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Mesa, 68% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Miami does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Miami does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Miami, almost 59% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Milwaukee does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served area.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Milwaukee is served by the Bublrbikes bike sharing program, which provides discounts for low-income members.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

64% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Milwaukee.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Minneapolis’ Affordable Housing Trust Fund and Low Income Housing Tax Credit pools both award scoring points for TOD affordable housing developments. These are points for proximity to high service fixed route/express/limited stop transit, for proximity to other transit stops, for proximity to jobs and for higher density development. The city also incentivizes affordable housing with a density/FAR bonus in transit station areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

NiceRide, the bike sharing program in Minneapolis, has a Community Partners program through which they work with assorted organizations to offer discounted memberships to their clients. Metro Transit, the local transit authority, has a Transit Assistance Program that provides access to $1.00 fares for one year to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

52.2% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Minneapolis.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Nashville does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Nashville does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Nashville

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

New Haven does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

New Haven does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in New Haven.  

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

New Orleans does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

New Orleans does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

49.9% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in New Orleans.  

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The city’s R10 Program promotes construction with a focus on location efficiency by providing density bonuses to developments that provide a certain number of affordable housing.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

New York City provides discount transit fares for low income riders and also discount memberships for its Citi Bike program.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

45.1% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in New York City.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The city’s R10 Program promotes construction with a focus on location efficiency by providing density bonuses to developments that provide a certain number of affordable housing.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Newark does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

63.7% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Newark.  

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Oakland's Housing Element contains a goal to promote the development of adequate housing for low- and moderate-income Households. The city targets development and marketing resources in priority development areas. The Housing Element details Oakland's policies to encourage mixed use development incentives, transit-oriented development, and new development at a range of prices. Additionally, Oakland offers density bonuses for low and moderate-income units.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Oakland offers a Bike Share for All reduced far program for income eligible residents. 

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

45.2% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Oakland.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Oklahoma City does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Oklahoma City does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Oklahoma City.   

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Omaha does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Omaha does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Omaha.   

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Orlando allows for affordable housing as a qualifying use towards mixed use requirements for density and intensity bonuses.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

As a strategy included in the Community Sustainability Action Plan 2018 Update, Orlando in the process of developing a car sharing program for low-income neighborhoods where public transit services are currently lacking. This will temporarily boost mobility options until public transit infrastructure is expanded to provide the level of service needed in these areas. To encourage the use of this program, the city will also consider providing subsidized rates for the program’s membership options to ensure affordability for all users.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

51.2% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Orlando.   

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Philadelphia offers a density bonus for affordable housing that applies to some portion of TOD zones.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Indego, Philadelphia’s bike-share network, was built from the ground up to serve low-income residents through the Better Bikeshare Partnership.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

60.1% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Philadelphia.    

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

In 2013, Phoenix adopted the Transit Oriented Development Strategic Policy Framework which provides policy support for additional building height within a light rail station when affordable housing is provided by the developer or if the developer pays a fee that will go towards the establishment of affordable housing in the transit district. The city constructs affordable and efficient homes in low-income communities each year focused on rehabilitation of distressed areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City has a reduced bus fare program for seniors and those with disabilities and as well as a 50% fare reduction for the homeless. The City also establish a low-income bike share program, offering two new stations and bikeshare at $1/year for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

60.4% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Phoenix.   

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The City of Pittsburgh has incentivized a number of criteria such as increased transit access and multi-modal access in the EcoInnovation District.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Pittsburgh’s bikeshare program offers a reduces rate for low-income participants. They also offer a free transfer between bikeshare and public transit.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

54.1% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Pittsburgh.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

In Portland, most projects providing more than 20 units are required to provide affordable units under the inclusionary housing regulation, and developments of that size are allowed only by the higher-density zoning in areas served by frequent service transit.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City helps support fare assistance for low income transit riders for seniors, Medicare eligible and people with disabilities. Portland also provides discounted membership for Biketown.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

42.8% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Portland.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Providence does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Providence does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

60.9% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Providence.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Raleigh provides acquisition assistance for sites near transit and gap financing for Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) projects. Funds are also made available to acquire and preserve affordable housing at risk of being redeveloped for higher income residents. There is also a parking reduction for affordable units in the Unified Development Ordinance.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Raleigh’s “Citrix Cycle” bikeshare program offers a discounted annual pass for low-income members. Several stations are strategically placed near major transit hubs and low-income neighborhoods to serve as a first/last mile solution for transit users.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

51.2% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Phoenix.    

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Reno does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Reno does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

72.5% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Philadelphia.    

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Richmond does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Richmond’s RVA bike share system and the public transit network provide discounts for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

54.1% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Richmond.    

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The City of Riverside’s Housing Element of the General Plan, as well as the General Plan itself, identifies numerous policies to preserve and promote the development of both affordable and market rate high-density and/or mixed-use housing near to transit corridors. A density bonus is provided to housing developments that provide affordable housing units and may include any of a number of code requirements waivers, including FAR bonuses, parking standard reductions, and more.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

At this time, Riverside does not provide any rebates or discounts to efficient transportation for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Riverside.     

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Rochester does not have any policies to preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Rochester has received funding for an electric car share program and is working on the details of implementing the program. The program will include expanding clean mobility options for low- and moderate-income households in the city.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Rochester.     

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Sacramento does not have any policies to preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Sacramento’s Community Car Share program was the first low-income EV car share program in the nation.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Sacramento.

Last Updated: May 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Saint Paul’s Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program awards site selection priority points to affordable housing proposed along high-frequency transit routes (i.e., Green Line Light Rail, Bus Rapid Transit, or higher-frequency bus lines).

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Saint Paul has partnered with Lime bikes and scooters to offer discounted pricing to individuals that qualify.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

47.1% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Saint Paul.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

St. Petersburg does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

St. Petersburg does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in St. Petersburg.     

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Salt Lake City does not have any policies to preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

At this time, Salt Lake City does not provide any rebates or discounts to efficient transportation for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Philadelphia.    

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

San Antonio does not have any policies to preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

At this time, San Antonio does not provide any rebates or discounts to efficient transportation for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

65.9% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in San Antonio.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The city has reduced parking requirements for low-income housing built near transit.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

At this time, San Diego does not provide any rebates or discounts to efficient transportation for low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

49.0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in San Diego.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

San Francisco does not have any policies to preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

SFMTA provides a Lifetime Transit Pass for income-qualified residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

30.4% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in San Francisco.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

San José updated its Transportation Analysis Policy in February 2018 to shift its CEQA transportation standard from LOS to VMT. To incentivize affordable housing in transit priority areas and areas identified for compact and infill mixed-use development, the policy includes affordable housing as a major VMT-reducing strategy that developers can select to reduce their potential VMT impacts. The policy also includes affordable housing as one of the screening criteria for a detailed CEQA transportation analysis, and as a potential overriding consideration for significant and unavoidable transportation impacts.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

San José's bike share program, Ford GoBike, offers a low-income discount for residents earning at or less than 200% of the federal poverty level. This low-income discount program is called "Bike Share 4 All" and reduces the $149 annual membership fee to $5 for the first year and $5 per month following that.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

34.4% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in San Jose.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Seattle provides a Multifamily Tax Exemption for affordable housing built within urban centers.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Seattle provides income-eligible people living, in Seattle with a pre-loaded ORCA LIFT reduced fare card.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

33.8% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Seattle    

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

St. Louis does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

St. Louis does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

64.5% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in St. Louis.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Tampa awards a density/FAR bonus for developers that provide 10% of a project’s dwelling units as affordable within a transit served area.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Tampa does not offer rebates for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

74.0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Tampa.

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Tucson does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Sun Tran offers discounts to eligible customers for public transit.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

72.7% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Tucson.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Tulsa does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Tulsa does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Tulsa.     

Last Updated: March 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Virginia Beach does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Virginia Beach does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

42.1% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Virginia Beach.     

Last Updated: April 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The District has requirements to create more low-income housing near transit facilities. Amendment 10801 to the Housing Code, which came into effect in December 2015, states that for all District land dispositions there is a requirement of 20% affordable housing if the project is not located close to transit, and a 30% affordable requirement if the project is located close to transit. Additionally, preference points provided in the Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) consolidated Requests for Proposals (RFPs) for affordable housing: under the “Transit Proximity” criteria, up to 5 priority scoring points are available for projects that are located within ¼ mile of a metro or streetcar station, and 3 points if within a ½ mile. 5 additional priority scoring points are awarded for projects achieving Living Building Challenge certification, which would be highly incentivized to be energy efficient and in close proximity to transit.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

In Spring 2016, DDOT started the Capital Bikeshare Community Partners Program to offer an affordable annual rate and expand access to the city’s bikeshare service to low-income residents. DDOT partners with community organizations and non-profits that work with low-income and underserved populations in the District to offer a $5 annual memberships, the regular annual membership costs $85. The program is now in its third year and has 28 community partners and over 1,300 members.

In February 2019, the DDOT-operated Circulator bus system was made free as a pilot, and it has since been announced that the bus will remain free indefinitely and proposed funding to launch a new route to serve Ward 7, targeting low-income residents whose neighborhoods are not currently served by these bus routes.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

33.9% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Washington.     

Last Updated: May 2019

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Worcester does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Worcester does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in Worcester.

Last Updated: March 2019