State and Local Policy Database

Mode Shift

To improve overall efficiency of a transportation system, policies may be implemented that discourage frequent driving and encourage a switch from driving to other modes of transportation. Energy-efficient transportation is inherently tied to the integration of transportation and land use policies, and an approach to planning that successfully addresses land use and transportation considerations simultaneously is critical to overall reduction in vehicle miles traveled. This can be achieved through the use of transportation demand management programs, vehicle sharing efforts, and, more holistically, by ensuring that land use and transportation planning are properly integrated.

This sub-category includes information on four topics: Integration of transportation and land use planning through the formal adoption of a vehicle miles travelled reduction target, modal share target or other similar goal, and an implementation plan to achieve the target; Car sharing programs serving the community (operational or under-development); Bicycle sharing programs serving the community (operational or under-development); Transportation demand management programs serving the community and the role of the local government in their implementation or promotion.

Modal Share Targets

Arlington's Master Transportation Plan incorporates bycicle and pedestrian modal shift targets. 

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Arlington, zipcar, Car2go, and Hertz OnDemand. The city is served by a bikesharing program, capital bikeshare, with 300 operable stations in the Washington-Arlington Area.

Complete Streets

Alrington County has a Complete Street Policy in place, however their National Complete Streets Coalition score is unknown. 

Last updated: May 2017

Modal Share Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, Atlanta included the goal to increase bicycle-commute-to-work share by 2.2% by 2016, and increase employee commute miles 25% by 2017in the Connect Atlanta plan.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Atlanta, zipcar and Enterprise CarShare. This city is also served by relay, a bicycle sharing program.  

Complete Streets

Atlanta has adopted a complete streets policy, but has not received an NCSC score.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, Austin has set goal to reduce drive alone trips by 10% and increase commuter bicycle mode to 15% by the year 2020.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Austin, Car2go, and zipcar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Austin B-cycle, with 40 operable stations.

Complete Streets

Austin adopted its complete streets policy in 2002, through Resolution No. 020418-40. The adoption of the policy requires the inclusion of pedestrian and bike lanes during construction and reconstruction of city streets, if they add less than 20% more paved surface area. 

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Baltimore has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Baltimore, zipcar. Baltimore is currently in the first implementation stage of a bike share program, Baltimore Bikeshare, under this program the city currently has 20 stations with a total of 200 bicycles.

Complete Streets

Baltimore adopted its complete streets policy in 2010, Council Bill 09-0433. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all new road construction projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Birmingham has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is not yet a car sharing program available to the citizens of Birmingham. The city does, however, have a bike sharing program in place, called Zyp BikeShare.

Complete Streets

Birmingham adopted its complete streets policy in 2011 through Resolution 2011. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all new neighborhoods. 

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Boston included a VMT reduction goal into its Climate Action Plan of 7.5% below 2010 levels by 2020. However, this target has not been codified through formal adoption. Targeted policies that will be used to achieve this goal include the implementation of complete streets policies, expanding and maintaining public transit facilities, mode shift, and parking freezes.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Boston, Enterprise Carshare, and zipcar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Hubway, which has over 160 operable bike stations with approximately 1600 bicycles in total.

Complete Street

Boston adopted its Complete Streets Guidelines in 2009. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Boulder’s Transportation Master Plan has the codified goal of holding the VMT steady at 1994 levels. Boulder is on track through various programs to achieve this goal.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Boulder, eGO carshare. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Boulder B-cycle.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Boulder offers The Eco Pass, a discounted annual bus pass purchased by employers and universities for all full-time employees and students, with an option to include part-time employees. GO Boulder’s Transportation Demand Management (TDM) program offers customized Commute Trip Reduction programs for any Boulder business seeking to reduce vehicle trips by their employees. Way to GO is a regional ridematching program that helps employers, employees, residents, and parents form carpools, vanpools, and school pools

Last Updated: October 2015

Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Burlington has the goal to reduce community-wide VMT by 10% per capita by 2025 as part of its' Climate Action Plan. This goal is codified in city law, but implementation has not yet begun.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Burlington, Carshare Vermont. The city is served by a bikesharing program, UVM bikeshare.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, the Burlington Sustainability Action Team developed a commute reduction program that hopes to include incentives for staff to use alternative modes of transportation, car and ride sharing programs, as well as flexible work schedules. The team has begun discussion with Campus Area Transportation Management Agency and CarShare VT to find ways to partner in this effort. The Way to Go! Commuter Challenge encourages Vermonters to try smarter ways to travel in their commutes, like carpooling, biking, and public transportation.

Last updated: October 2015

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Carrboro has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Carrboro is evaluating the possibility of a car sharing program for the town.  A bike sharing service is not available to the citizens of Carrboro.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Carrboro has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: April 2014

Modal Share Targets

Charlotte has not yet implemented a policy to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is not yet a car sharing program available to the citizens of Charlotte. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Charlotte B-cycle.

Complete Streets

Charlotte has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Charlottesville has not yet identified a specific VMT or mode share target, but work is being done on a variety of front to reduce VMTs including through improvements in pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, public bicycle education classes (for riding around town), and efforts to increase transit ridership. The Transportation Chapter of the city’s Comprehensive Plan 2013 details these actions.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Charlottesville, zipcar. In 2015, Charlottesville adopted a Bicycle Pedestrian plan update which sets in place goals to establish and achieve mode targets. 

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Working with other organizations, Charlottesville supports Rideshare options in the community. Also, the municipal government offers telecommuting and flexible work schedules to employees with department discretion and also provides free public transit access to employees.

Last updated: October 2015

Modal Share Targets

Chicago has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation. However,

Chicago's Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Agenda includes a variety of approaches to reduce VMT with the city. These include making Chicago the most bike and pedestrian friendly city in the country by adding up to 100 miles of new bicycle lanes, introducing bicycle sharing, and developing a pedestrian master plan.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Chicago, zipcar and Enterprise Carshare. Additionally, the city operates an internal car share program for city employees that utilize city-owned vehicles for work related transportation.The city is served by a bikesharing program, Divvy, with 300 operable stations, with residents and visitors taking over 2.7 million trips and traveling over 6 million miles.

Complete Streets

Chicago adopted its complete streets policy in 2006, Safe Streets for Chicago. The adoption of the policy encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects, ensuring safety for all in the public right-of-way.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Cincinnati has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

ZipCar is currently available to the residents and visitors of Cincinnati. Cincinnati implemented  Red Bike in 2014. 

Complete Streets

Cincinnati has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Cleveland has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

The city of Cleveland is currently serviced by zipcar and Enterprise Carshare. The city also launched the UHBikes bike share program in 2016 which services downtown and the University Circle. The system was projected to expand by October 2016, to include 250 bikes at 29 stations.

Complete Streets

Cleveland passed its Complete and Green Streets Ordinance (#798-11) in 2011. 

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Columbus has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

The City of Columbus utilizes Car2go for its car-sharing program and currently has over 25,000 registered users. Columbus is also served by a bike-sharing program, CoGo with over 46 operational stations.

Complete Streets

Columbus adopted its complete streets policy in 2008, through Ordinance No. 1987-2008. The adoption of the policy encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Dallas has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

The City of Dallas is served by Oak Cliff Car Shareh zipcar and Enterprise CarShare. There is a bike sharing program called Fair Park Bike Share but with very limited service.  

Complete Streets

Dallas adopted its complete streets policy in 2011, and has since updated it with it’s Complete Streets Design Manual. The Complete Streets Initiative encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Denver has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation. Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Denver, Enterprise CarShareeGo CarShare, Car2go and zipcar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Denver BCycle.

Complete Streets

Denver adopted its Complete Streets Policy in 2011. The adoption of the procedure encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Detroit has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car-sharing program available to the residents and visitors of Detroit, zipcar. Bike sharing is under consideration for the City of Detroit.

Complete Streets

Detroit has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Dubuque has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Dubuque, U CarShare. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Dubuque Bike Coop.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Dubuque has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last Updated: October 2013

Modal Share Targets

El Paso has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

El Paso is served by a bikesharing program, El Paso Bcycle.

Complete Streets

El Paso has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation,

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is currently no car sharing program available in Fort Worth. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Fort Worth B-cycle, with 45 operable stations.

Complete Streets

Fort Worth adopted a Complete Streets policy in 2016. The initiative encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Hartford has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is currently no citywide car sharing program available for use in Hartford, although ZipCar has partnered with Trinity College to offer a university-based sharing program. Hartford is currently in the planning stages in hopes of providing residents and visitors with a bikesharing program.

Complete Streets

Hartford has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Houston has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Houston is served both by zipcar and Enterprise CarShare. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Houston B-cycle with over 30 operational stations.

Complete Streets

Houston passed a Complete Streets policy in 2013.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Indianapolis has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Indianapolis is served by Blue Indy car sharing and zipcar. Indianapolis’s bikesharing program, Pacers Bikeshare, is fully operable with over 25 stations. 

Complete Streets

Indianapolis adopted its complete streets policy in 2012, through Chapter 431, Article VIII. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all new transportation infrastructure construction projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Jacksonville has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is neither a car nor bike sharing service available to the citizens of Jacksonville.

Complete Streets

Jacksonville has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Kansas City has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

 Kansas City is served by zipcar. The city also has a bikesharing program, Kansas City B-cycle.

Complete Streets

Kansas City passed its Complete Streets Ordinance (Resolution 22-11) in 2011.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Knoxville has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Knoxville, zipcar. A bike sharing program is in the planning stages. 

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Knoxville has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: October 2015

Modal Share Targets

Las Vegas has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Las Vegas is served by zipcar. A bikesharing program, RTC Bike Share, is currently operating.  

Complete Streets

The city has not yet adopted or codified a complete streets policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Lawrence has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Lawrence is piloting a project with Hertz OnDemand for carsharing. There is not yet a bike sharing service available to the citizens of Lawrence.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Lawrence has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last Updated: October 2013

Modal Share Targets

Los Angeles has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Los Angeles, Car2Go, and zipcar. There is currently a bicycle sharing program in this city, Metro Bike Share, it currently has 65 stations and over 800 bicycles.

Complete Streets

Los Angeles does not yet have a Complete Streets policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Louisville has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Louisville, enterprise CarShare and zipcar. A bikesharing program is currently available with three stations in service, Louisville Bcycle.

Complete Streets

Louisville has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Madison has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Madison, Community Car. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Madison B-cycle with over 30 operable stations.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Madison Metro Transit works with area businesses to provide unlimited metro-transit passes for the businesses employees.  Also, the Rideshare, etc. website facilities carpooling among residents of the city.

Last Updated: October 2015

Modal Share Targets

Memphis has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Memphis, zipcar. A bikeshare program, is in development.

Complete Streets

Memphis adopted its Complete Streets Policy through executive order in 2013.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Miami has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Miami, Car2go, zipcar, and Hertz OnDemand. The city is served by a bike sharing program, Citi Bike Miami with over one hundred operable stations.

Complete Streets

Miami adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Resolution No. 09-00274. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

We could not confirm the existence of targets to promote a modal shift in transportation in Milwaukee.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Milwaukee, zipcar. Milwaukee is served by the Bublrbikes bikesharing program.

Complete Streets

Milwaukee has not yet adopted a complete streets policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, Minneapolis has set a goal to raise the bicycle commute mode share to 15% by 2025.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Minneapolis is hOourcarZipCar , and Car2Go. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Nice Ride Minnesota, with 170 stations across the Twin Cities area.

Complete Streets

The Minneapolis Complete Streets Policy (16-00670) was approved by City Council on May 27, 2016. 

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Nashville has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Nashville, zipcar . The residents and visitors of Nashville also have access to Nashville Bcycle, a bicycle sharing service with 35 operational stations. 

Complete Streets

Nashville's Complete Streets Policy was passed in 2010 by Executive Order 40.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

New Orleans has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

New Orleans does not have a comprehensive car sharing program. New Orleans does not currently have a bike share program, but the city completed a feasibility study, Bike Share Program Study, and is planning to develop a bike share program in the future.

Complete Streets

In 2011, New Orleans passed a complete streets policy (Ch. 146, Sec. 146-36).

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

New York has established a goal for 80% of all person-trips to be made by sustainable modes (walking, bicycling, or public transit) by 2050. 

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are numerous car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of New York City including enterprise CarShareMintConnect by Hertz, and ZipCar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Citibike, with over 500 stations.

Complete Streets

New York City's Complete Streets Policy is the Department of Transportation's Sustainable Streets Strategic Plan for 2008 and Beyond.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

There are currently no modal share targets in the city of Oakland. 

Car and Bicycle Sharing

City-CarShare is an operational car sharing program in the city of Oakland. Bay Area BikeShare is currently planning to expand into Oakland to provide about 1,400 bikes for the city. 

Complete Streets

Oakland adopted its’ Complete Streets Policy in 2013 and has a NCSC score of 81.6.

Updated: April 2017 

Modal Share Targets

Oklahoma City has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is no car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Oklahoma City. The bike sharing service, SpokiesOKC is currently available, with 8 operable stations, to the residents and visitors of Oklahoma City.

Complete Streets

Oklahoma City has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Orlando has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Orlando, zipcar . Orlando Bike Share, a bikesharing program, is currently available to the residents and visitors of Orlando.

Complete Streets

The City of Orlando has not yet adopted a complete streets policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Park City has a VMT reduction goal through a partnership between Park City and SLC. This plan has been codified and launched.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Park City, Uhaul Carshare. There is not yet a bike sharing service available to the citizens of Park City.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Park City supports city employee vanpool program and subsidizes over 60% of the cost.  The City allows employees to pay for public transportation expenses out of pre-tax earnings.  Park City Municipal allows flexible work arrangements, and telecommuting.

Last updated: October 2015

Modal Share Targets

Philadelphia has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Philadelphia,  enterprise CarShare and zipcar. The city launched a bikesharing program in Spring 2015, with 60 stations.

Complete Streets

Philadelphia adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Executive Order No. 5.09. The adoption of the guidelines encourages consideration of inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects, prioritizing the safety of children, the elderly and disabled persons.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Phoenix has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is not a car sharing service available to the citizens of Phoenix. Grid Bike Share, a bikesharing program, is currently available to the residents and visitors of Phoenix.

Complete Streets

Phoenix adopted its complete streets policy in 2013, but it has not been codified in law as of yet. The Complete Streets Policy will encourage the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Pittsburgh has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Pittsburgh, zipcar. A bikesharing program, Healthy Ride, is currently operating.

Complete Streets

Pittsburgh has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, Portland set goals to raise the bicycle commute mode share to 25%, and the walking mode to 7.5%.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are fivecar sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Portland, Car2Gozipcar, ReachNow, Turo, and Getaround. The bike sharing program, Biketown, has 100 stations with over 1,000 bicycles.

Complete Streets

Portland’s complete streets policy, the Oregon State Complete Streets Legislation was adopted in 1971. This is the only state policy which covers municipal roads in addition to state-owned roads.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Providence has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Providence, zipcar. Providence does not currently have a bike share program, but one is under development and expected to launch in 2017.

Complete Streets

Providence adopted a Complete Streets Resolution in 2012.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Raleigh has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program available in Raleigh, zipcar. A bikesharing program, BikeRaleigh is currently in the planning stages.

Complete Streets

Raleigh adopted and codified a Complete Streets Policy in 2015.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Richmond has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Richmond, zipcar. Richmond does not currently have a bike share program, but a bike share is currently under development and will likely be in place in 2017.

Complete Streets

Richmond adopted a Complete Streets Policy in 2014.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Riverside has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is not yet a carsharing service available to the citizens of Riverside. A bikesharing service may be in the planning stages. 

Complete Streets

Riverside has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Sacramento has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Sacramento, zipcar. A bikesharing program is currently in the planning stages.

Complete Streets

Sacramento has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Salt Lake City has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

The Utah Transit Authority, Salt Lake City, and Enterprise Rent-A-Car launched the enterprise car share program in late 2013. The city also has the bike share program GreenBike SLC and is currently making plans to install more stations throughout Salt Lake City.

Complete Streets

Salt Lake City adopted its complete streets policy by executive order in 2010, through Ordinance No. 4-10. 

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, San Antonio has set the goal to increase the walkscore of the city by 20% by 2020. This goal has not yet been codified nor has implementation begun yet.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of San Antonio, Zipcar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, San Antonio B-cycle, with over 52 operational stations.

Complete Streets

San Antonio adopted its Complete Streets Policy in 2011. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects to reach the 2020 Mission Verde vision.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

San Diego has codified goals as part of its' Climate Action Plan that include increases in walking commuter share, bicycle commuter share, and public transit commuter share by 2020 and 2035. 

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of San Diego incude Car2go and ZipCar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Decobike, with over 20 operational stations.

Complete Streets

San Diego has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

We could not confirm the existence of targets to promote a modal shift in transportation in San Francisco.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of San Francisco include City CarSharezipcar, and Hertz OnDemand. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Bay Area Bike Share.

Complete Streets

San Francisco adopted its complete streets policy in 2008, Public Works Code 2.4.13 (Ordinance No. 209-05). The code presents a unified set of standards, guidelines, and implementation strategies to govern how the city designs, builds, and maintains its pedestrian environment.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

We could not confirm the existence of targets to promote a modal shift in transportation in San Jose.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of San Jose, zipcar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Bay Area Bike Share .

Complete Streets

San Jose has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Seattle has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Seattle, Car2go, ReachNow, and zipcar. The bikeshare service, Pronto is available to the residents and visitors of Seattle, with a total of 50 operable stations. 

Complete Streets

Seattle adopted its complete streets policy in 2009 through the tax ordinance Bridging the Gap. The legislation requires consideration for pedestrian, bicycle, transit, freight, and green infrastructure in the design and construction of new facilities for all new projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

St. Louis has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of St. Louis, WeCarZipcar, and enterprise CarShare. There is currently a bike sharing service under consideration in St. Louis.

Complete Streets

Louis adopted its complete streets policy in 2010, through Board Bill No. 7 and codified as Ordinance 69440. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of accommodation for bicycle, vehicular, equestrian, and pedestrian travel through the major arteries of St. Louis.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Tampa has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

The car sharing services enterprise CarShare, and zipcar are now available in the city of Tampa. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Coast, with 34operable stations.

Complete Streets

Tampa adopted its complete streets policy in 2012, through Resolution No. 2814. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Virginia Beach has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is not yet a car sharing program available to the residents and visitors of Virginia Beach. There is also not yet a city-wide bike sharing service available although a bike sharing program was introduced by the Virginia Beach City Public Schools Chief Sustainability Officer to serve the City’s Municipal Center campus.

Complete Streets

Virginia Beach issued a complete streets directive in 2014 to guide staff to coordinate land use and design/development of its rights-of-way in a way that accommodates as many modes as possible, as safely as possible.

Last updated: January 2017

Modal Share Targets

Washington has a goal to achieve 75% of all commute trips by non-auto modes.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Washington, ZipcarCar2go, and enterprise CarShare. The city is served by a bike-sharing program, capital bikeshare, with over 400 operable stations.

Complete Streets

Washington adopted its complete streets policy in 2010, through Departmental Order 06-2010. The adoption of the policy encourages accommodating the safety and convenience for all users reflecting land-use, transportation, and green streets principles wherever possible.

Last updated: January 2017