State and Local Policy Database

Boston

City Scorecard Rank

1

Boston, MA

82.00Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Operations
Score: 9 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

Boston’s Climate Action Plan Update 2014 and Energy Reduction Plan detail the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations. Boston’s varied strategies work to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from municipal buildings, streetlights, transportation, and procurement. A focus in Boston is increasing energy efficiency in existing municipal buildings because it poses the greatest opportunity for reducing energy use and emissions from municipal operations. The 2014 plan (updated from 2011), will modify existing and add new strategies to meet or exceed the already established goal of reducing Boston's greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2020. In achieving this, Boston will set sector-specific GHG targets, as well as program participation targets to meet the goal of 25% reduction. 

Last updated: February 2015

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

Executive Order 3-3890 in 2007 formally adopted a target for reduction in municipal greenhouse gas emissions of 7% by 2012 and 80% by 2050 compared to 1990. The Climate Action Plan Update 2011 expanded upon these goals to include a goal to reduce municipal greenhouse gas emissions 25% below 2005 levels by 2020. These goals have also been mainstreamed across government operations. The Boston Transportation Mobility Plan includes climate change as a major design parameter for the planning process and the Department of Neighborhood Development is developing a new housing plan for Boston, which will include broad sustainability principles. Boston has also been designated a Massachusetts Green Community, and is required to develop a plan to reduce municipal energy use by 20% by 2014. We did not collect information on the extent to which formal agency stakeholder groups were involved in setting goals.

Boston's city government met its 2012 goal established by the Mayor by achieving a 9% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2011. According to data in Boston’s municipal greenhouse gas inventory, the city reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 27% between 2005 and 2013. The city has achieved its local government goal for 2020.

Last updated: February 2015

Performance Management Strategies List All

The city of Boston’s Budget Office requires that all utility rebates/incentives generated from municipal energy efficiency projects be delivered to a dedicated account used specifically for future energy efficiency projects. Funding from this account can be used to fund a portion or the entirety of an energy efficiency capital project. Boston also established a fund to receive school department efficiency incentives related to work performed under its maintenance and repetitive service contracts. This fund incentivizes the department to install efficient lighting and other energy conservation measures.

Boston releases an annual report on its progress toward reducing municipal greenhouse gas emissions and related initiatives on the Climate Action website. Also, through the Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance, Boston will be releasing the Energy Star rating of each of its buildings by the end of 2014. The city has fully implemented the Enterprise Energy Management System to allow for easier evaluation of municipal energy performance in the immediate future. There are plans for independent evaluation, but the city has not started the procurement process.

The City of Boston has 7 Muni Positions directly related to energy management: Director of Energy Policy and Programs, Energy Finance Manager, Energy Project Manager, Renew Boston Utility Liaison, EcoDistrict Energy Fellow (district energy planner) at the Boston Redevelopment Authority, Sr. City Advisor (City Energy Project), and EEMS Administrator. As an incentive to departments to make efficiency investments, the Office of Budget Management allows city departments to use utility incentive payments for additional departmental capital projects. 

Last updated: February 2015

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

The 2007 executive order on climate action required that municipal departments purchase hybrid, alternative-fueled, or high-efficiency vehicles whenever possible. Boston also has established a motor pool, FleetHub, using car-sharing technology, allowing the city to reduce the fleet size and maximize the use of existing stock. In total, Boston as has 33 FleetHub vehicles.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

Boston has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The Energy Reduction Plan specifies a 40% reduction goal for energy use of streetlights in the city. By December 2014, the city had converted over 65% of its 64,000 streetlight fixtures to LED technology and reduced the annual electricity consumption associated with its streetlight system by more than 31 million kWh. The city's goal is to replace all of its streetlights with LEDs over the next few years. The city’s municipal energy team is working closely with capital planning staff to make sure all energy related upgrades or purchases are using the latest technology to save energy. The previously submitted MOU with our local utility NStar has laid out specific savings targets and payment bonus for meeting and exceeding these targets. Many streetlights are activated by photo sensors.

New Buildings and Equipment

The 2007 executive order directed that all new municipal buildings must be LEED Silver Certified, but we could not confirm if the requirements specifically emphasized completion of the energy efficiency elements of the certification. Projects funded by the city under the Department of Neighborhood Development’s Green Affordable Housing Program must also meet the LEED Silver standards. Massachusetts State law mandates life cycle cost estimates for the early designs of new state or municipal buildings or energy systems (Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 149, Section 44M). The Purchasing Office and the Department of Innovation and Technology were required to issue Environmentally Preferable Procurement Guidelines, but it is unclear if energy efficiency requirements were included as part of these procurement guidelines.

Last updated: December 2014

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

In accordance with the 2013 Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance, Boston uses Portfolio Manage to benchmark energy use in 100% of its municipal buildings, which is 321 buildings and 17,751,655 square feet. The city is a DOE Better Buildings Challenge Community Partner, and includes municipal buildings in it floor area commitment. The city’s integrated energy management plan, developed in 2004, laid out a retrofit plan for Boston’s top ten municipal energy users, and the plan is currently being implemented. Boston secured more than $8.3 million in commitments from NStar and National Grid to support the acquisition and installation of energy efficiency measures in city properties. In August, the City announced completion of a $66.7 million energy efficiency rehabilitation of 13 public housing properties owned by the Boston Housing Authority (BHA). The work completed by project contractor, Ameresco, includes millions of dollars in energy savings, capital upgrades to BHA’s public housing portfolio, and the first-in-the-nation, public housing project-labor agreement, which provided an opportunity for BHA residents to embark on careers in the building trades through the Building Pathways Program.

Sustainable Infrastructure Policies

Massachusetts State law mandates life cycle cost estimates for the early designs of new state or municipal buildings or energy systems (Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 149, Section 44M).

Public Employees

We did not find data on policies to reduce the commutes of city workers, such as flex schedules and teleworking. The MBTA Pass Program allows Boston employees to purchase MBTA passes through pre-tax payroll deductions, but the city does not provide any additional transit benefits to employees. 

Last updated: December 2014

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 9 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The city’s primary sustainability program is the Greenovate Boston initiative, which provides recognition to city residents and businesses saving energy and provides technical assistance resources including those to help with high energy bills, properly size air conditioning units, and save energy at work. 

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

Boston’s initial climate goals were formally adopted in 2007 with Executive Order 3-3890 and the Greenovate Boston 2014 Climate Action Plan Update provided the most recent update to these goals. Boston’s goals are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 80% below 2005 levels by 2050. Boston also has a goal of reducing energy consumption in all large buildings and institutions by 7%.

Boston reports progress towards greenhouse gas reductions in the Carbon Disclosure Project’s 2016 Citywide Emissions Database. The city has reduced its community-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2014. The city is currently on track to meet its goal for 2020.

Last updated: January 2017

Performance Management StrategiesList All

Boston tracks its progress toward greenhouse gas reduction goals and reports it annually on the “Tracking Boston’s Progress” webpages. The city also uses third party evaluation for some of its programs, including the Renew Boston Energy Efficiency program. Boston has 10 Positions directly related to community wide energy strategies: Director of Energy Policy and Programs, Climate and Buildings Program Manager, Renew Boston Utility Liaison, Renew Boston Community Outreach Manager, Senior Project Manager in the Department of Neighborhood Development, Senior City Advisor for Large Buildings Energy Efficiency, EcoDistrict Energy Fellow (district energy planner) at the Boston Redevelopment Authority, Sr. Architect at the Boston Redevelopment Authority, Greenovate Fellow, and Chief of Staff for the Office of Environment, Energy and Open Space. Boston is developing an energy efficiency project finance program, the Renew Boston Trust, that replicates field-proven finance models for municipal, housing, commercial and institutional sectors. Mayor Walsh announced the Renew Boston Trust in December 2014, but we could not confirm if the trust has funded any projects yet. 

Last updated: February 2015

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

The Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA) explored the potential for multi-user microgrids with integrated combined heat and power (CHP) in the 2016 Boston Community Energy Study (BCES) report.  The report identified 42 districts throughout the City with conditions favorable for a multi-user microgrids.

Last updated: January 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

Mayor Thomas Menino created the Grow Boston Greener (now Greenovate Boston) program with the goal of planting 100,000 new trees in Boston by 2020 and increasing the tree canopy to 35%.

We did not find information on any policies that require or incentivize low impact development (LID) or conservation of private land. The city does not have a private tree protection ordinance.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 27 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Boston has several building sector initiatives to improve efficiency including a “stretch” energy code, energy savings goals, green building requirements, and required energy rating and disclosure. The Building Division Inspectional Services Department manages building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Boston, while many of the other building energy policies are managed by the Office of Environment, Energy and Open Space.

Last updated: December 2014

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

The Massachusetts law requires statewide adoption of each new International Energy Conservation Code edition within one year of its publication. Massachusetts has adopted the 2015 IECC for commercial and residential buildings. Massachusetts also allows its local jurisdictions to upgrade their energy codes with a state-determined stretch code. To learn more about state policies regarding building energy codes in Massachusetts, visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Boston has adopted the Massachusetts Stretch Energy code, which requires new buildings to exceed the base energy code by 20%. The City advocates at the state-level for more stringent codes.

Residential

Boston has adopted the Massachusetts Stretch Energy code, which requires new buildings to exceed the base energy code by 20%. The City advocates at the state-level for more stringent codes.

Last updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Boston reported a budget of $16,333,034 for the building code department in 2013. This level of spending normalizes to $14.65 per $1,000 of residential construction spending for the city. Boston requires participation in third-party plan review and performance testing to verify compliance with energy codes. Boston does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance. Boston requires building code officials to attend training for energy code plan review and inspection. 

Last updated: December 2014

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Building Energy Savings Goals

Boston is a US DOE Better Buildings Challenge Community Partner, committing to a 20% reduction in energy intensity in a portfolio of public and private buildings. The 2011 update to the city’s Climate Action Plan, notes that 67% of planned reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are to be achieved through measures related to buildings and energy sources, with the majority coming from building efficiency.

Green Building Requirements

Article 37 of Boston’s municipal zoning code requires that all new commercial projects over 50,000 sq ft. meet the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED certification standards. Article 37 also applies to all residential multi-family buildings over 50,000 sq ft. These residential multi-family buildings must also achieve a minimum LEED score of 65.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

As stipulated in Section 7-2.2 (f) of the 2013 Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance, buildings that are not ENERGY STAR certified or showing documented improvement in energy use reductions must take an “energy action“ including either an energy assessment (audit) or retro-commissioning every five years. This requirement covers both residential and commercial buildings.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

The city, through the Renew Boston program, provides no-cost energy assessments for 1-4 unit residential buildings and additional financial incentives for select energy upgrade measures beyond those provided by the city’s utilities and Mass Save. For businesses, and large condo associations and co-ops (with greater than 4 units), Renew Boston in partnership with NStar, National Grid and RISE Engineering provide Boston businesses with technical assistance and financial incentives to lower the impacts of high energy costs. Renew Boston also provides a Small Business Direct Install program that provides assessments and financial incentives to improve lighting and mechanical systems. Development Review Guidelines for commercial buildings in the Stuart Street area have a standard maximum height of 155 feet, but if a project is certified as LEED Gold it is eligible for a height bonus up to a maximum height of 400 feet.

Last Updated: March 2015

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial

In April 2013, the city council adopted the Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance. The ordinance requires that all commercial buildings over 35,000 sqft benchmark their energy and water use using Portfolio Manager and report the data to the city annually. The city will then publically disclose the building-level energy use information on a website annually. The city publically discloses the building-level energy use information on a website annually. The city also releases analyses of energy use data provided through the policy. The policy also includes mechanisms for enforcement and penalties in cases of non-compliance. Boston has provided outreach and support to help property owners comply.

Residential

The Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance also requires that all residential buildings over 35 units benchmark their energy and water use using Portfolio Manager and report the data to the city annually. The city publically discloses the building-level energy use information on a website annually. The policy includes mechanisms for enforcement and penalties in cases of non-compliance. 

The multiple listing service serving Boston includes a field for energy efficiency features of homes listed on the market.

Voluntary Benchmarking

Boston engaged non-governmental agencies to lead by example and voluntary report under the Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance before reporting was required. To date, state government, the regional transit authority, the water authority, and federal buildings in Boston are participating in reporting as a result of this initiative.

Last Updated: December 2014

Comprehensive Efficiency Services List All

The MassSave home performance program, which employs Home Performance with ENERGY STAR standards, is available to Boston residents. Comprehensive energy efficiency services are available for multifamily and commercial buildings through MassSave.

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 17.5 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Eversource, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving Boston. National Grid (Boston Gas) is also an IOU and is Boston’s primary gas utility. Both utilities provide their customers with a variety of energy efficiency programs. The City of Boston partners with the utilities and is an active promoter of their efficiency programs. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS. To learn more about utility policies and programs for the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts, please visit the State Policy Database. At the state level, Boston strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA) is Boston’s regional water authority. MWRA provides its Boston customers with water and sewer services and bills customers. The Boston Water and Sewer Commission (BWSC) owns the lines, hydrants, and pumping stations. BWSC also has jurisdiction over the stormwater management of the city. The City of Boston partners with MWRA and BWSC to increase the energy and water efficiency both at end use and throughout the system.

Last Updated: December 2014

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2013, according to NStar, they spent $167,177,000 on energy efficiency programs, representing 7.54% of its annual revenue. Due to these programs, NStar reported a net incremental electricity savings of 487,398MWh, representing 2.22% of its retail sales. In the same year, National Grid reported spending $85,856,000 on natural gas efficiency programs. The expenditures normalize to $105.92 per residential customer. Due to these programs, National Grid reported a net incremental savings of 14.2MMTherms, representing 1.55% of its retail sales. These spending and savings values are for the utilities entire Massachusetts service territory, not just Boston. NStar offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. National Grid similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers. Both utilities also sponsor whole-building programs, inlcuding multifamily buildings, through the state-wide Mass Save program. Their “whole facility” approach focuses on a facility’s thermal envelope (shell insulation and air leakage conditions for units heated by natural gas or electricity) as well as lighting and mechanical systems.

The City of Boston partners with its energy utilities through the Renew Boston program. Renew Boston promotes efficiency actions and connects Boston residents and small businesses with utility energy efficiency services. The program also provides additional technical assistance and incentives to encourage building efficiency improvements. Renew Boston also used $4M of Boston's EECBG grant to supplement the existing utility programs to improve adoption of efficiency measures by small business, middle income homes, and renters, markets identified as having low participation rates.

The city of Boston takes an active role in advocating to the state for additional energy efficiency program spending and targets required of the utilities. The Massachusetts Green Communities Act of 2008 created the Energy Efficiency Advisory Council. The council assists in the development of the statewide gas and electric utility energy efficiency plans, and monitors the implementation of these plans. These plans set three-year targets for electricity and natural gas savings. This committee gathers stakeholders in energy efficiency workshops, but until 2012, did not include representatives from Massachusetts’ municipal governments. Boston advocated to have a seat on this council which, in August of 2012, led to the addition of a voting seat on the council for an individual representing “a city or town of the Commonwealth” through An Act Relative to Competitively Priced Electricity in the Commonwealth. That seat is currently held by a City of Boston staff person.

In 2013, the City of Boston also supported National Grid’s proposal to expand the availability of its energy efficiency program to its commercial and industrial gas special contract customers who have multiple sites within its service territory. 

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy Efficiency Targets & Funding Agreements List All

Through MOUs with the City of Boston, NStar and National Grid provide the city with funds for marketing and community outreach, agree to participate in strategic planning for Renew Boston, as well as provide a full-time utility staff member (NStar) to be based in City Hall to coordinate energy efficiency promotion to large users. An additional MOA between the city and National Grid established a goal of 300,000therms in savings from 2012-2015. To meet those goals National Grid will provide technical assistance and strategic energy planning in addition to its existing financial incentives.

Last Updated: February 2015

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

In order for customers to access their own energy data, NStar makes use of the Green Button data sharing platform. NSTAR and National Grid provide whole-building energy use data to building owners for building benchmarking. NStar and National Grid also provide technical assistance for using Portfolio Manager, which includes assistance collecting proper data and entering in facility information. These efforts support the City of Boston's Energy Reporting and Disclosure Ordinance (BERDO) which requires building owners to submit information to the City regarding their annual energy use, ENERGY STAR rating (if applicable), water use, and greenhouse gas emissions. 

NStar and National Grid provide the City of Boston with annual community-wide aggregate-level electricity and gas usage information which is published in the city’s annual greenhouse gas inventory reports. Through its seat on the Energy Efficiency Advisory Council and requests to the state legislature, the City of Boston actively advocates for polices requiring utilities to expand the availability and granularity of energy usage data.

Last Updated: December 2014

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

BWSC and MWRA fund water efficiency programs available to all water customers. Notably Boston customers are offered no-cost water-efficiency kits that include kitchen and bathroom faucet aerators, a low-flow replacement showerhead, a water-efficiency gauge to test showerheads and sinks, and dye tablets to check for toilet leaks. Water demand in the MWRA territory has decreased by nearly a third since the 1980s, in part through efficiency initiatives. Although no community-wide water savings target have been adopted by the city or its utilities, the MWRA has a comprehensive, long-term strategy for water savings as described in their 2013 Water System Master Plan

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

MWRA has completed energy audits at 33 of its 36 major facilities. Implementation of audit recommendations and other process optimization efforts is estimated to save almost $2 million annually as part of its Long Term Sustainability Program. MWRA continues to reduce its electrical demand by optimizing process operations and renewable generation - including wind, solar, hydroelectric and biogas - and implementation of energy efficiency measures; a reduction of over 10% or a total of 18M kWh over the past 5 years. Recently, MWRA entered into a memorandum of agreement with NStar to identify and implement energy efficiency opportunities throughout MWRA 's day-to-day operations and construction programs, and also to achieve higher rebates from the utility for implementing energy efficiency projects.

 MWRA self-generates approximately 33 million kWh/yr from methane capture at the Deer Island wastewater treatment plant.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Under BWSC’s site plan requirements, developers designing new development and re-development projects must fully investigate methods for retaining or infiltrating stormwater on-site before the commission will consider a plan to discharge stormwater to its system. The commission’s 2013–2015 capital improvement program includes $1,643,000 to install stormwater BMPs and green infrastructure components in three areas of the city.

The City of Boston also requires that almost all new or major renovation projects within the district include groundwater recharge (see, Groundwater Conservation Overlay District (GCOD)). Working with the BWSC, a project must demonstrate the required amount of recharge capacity, how much recharge is being provided, and locations of the supply and overflow lines along with any connections to BWSC lines. Typically, all projects must be able to recharge the first inch of rain.

Last Updated: December 2014

Transportation
Score: 19.5 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Boston is the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, a state agency. MBTA also provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including train, bus, light rail, and ferry service. The Boston Region Metro Planning Organization is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Boston, and many surrounding cities and towns. The Boston Transportation Department is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network. 

Last updated: December 2014

Location Efficiency List All

Articles 87 and 87a of Boston’s zoning code includes smart growth overlays to promote compact, mixed-use communities in specific neighborhoods. Boston has one or more neighborhoods with 0.5 required parking spaces. In downtown districts “parking freezes” go into effect. Article 37 of the zoning code also encourages buildings subject to Large Project Review to integrate transportation demand management measures. Boston adopted its Complete Streets Guidelines in 2009. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects. As an incentive to promote location-efficient real estate development, the city allows projects in certain neighborhoods that are more than 50% residential a bonus of 30 feet in height and an increase in floor-to-area ratio of 1.0. 

Last updated: December 2014

Mode Shift List All

Integrated Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Boston included a VMT reduction goal into its Climate Action Plan of 7.5% below 2010 levels by 2020. However, this target has not been codified through formal adoption. Targeted policies that will be used to achieve this goal include the implementation of complete streets policies, expanding and maintaining public transit facilities, mode shift, and parking freezes. Additionally, Go Boston 2030 is a City of Boston initiative to envision a bold transportation future for Boston for the next 5, 10, and 15 years. The plan will develop a far-reaching vision that proposes transformative polices and projects to improve transportation for the city’s residents, businesses and visitors. The 18-month process is being driven by data and steered through an unprecedented and inclusive public engagement process. Go Boston 2030 will be developed with a Vision Report including goals and targets released in spring 2015 and an Action Plan specifying policies and projects to be finalized in early 2016.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Boston, Enterprise Carshare, and zipcar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Hubway, which has 72 operable bike stations, with more planned for the future.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Boston works with the ABC TMA and MASCO transportation management associations. These TMAs provide membership benefits to financial district and medical and education institution employers through transit pass subsidies, vanpools and shared shuttle services. 

Last updated: February 2015

Transit List All

The MBTA transit system that serves Boston received $1,996,102,056 in total funding in 2012. This funding level is $477 per resident in the service territory of the agency. In comparison, 2011 spending on roads and parking by the city was $61,801,443, or $97 per city resident. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 4.93 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures how many transit rides are available per week within walking distance from the average household. The City of Boston’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 244,309, putting it in the highest possible category (>50,000) available in the City Scorecard

Last updated: December 2014

Efficient Vehicles and Driver Behavior List All

At this time, the City of Boston does not offer incentives to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. However, the Transportation Access Plan Agreements required of all new commercial and residential buildings include stipulations that 5% of parking in must have an EV charging station.

Boston has an an anti-idling ordinance in place for all private vehicles. Boston is an active member of the Massachusetts Clean Cities Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in all transportation across Massachusetts. 

Last updated: February 2015

Freight List All

There are three intermodal freight facilities within the City of Boston’s boundaries, one of which we classify as efficient because it is port-capable. Boston’s share of regional freight traffic in 2011, normalized by population, is 10,649 ton-miles.  As a result there are 0.100 efficient intermodal facilities per thousand ton-miles of freight traffic, putting the city in the second lowest category for this metric (>0 to 0.499) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014