State and Local Policy Database


City Scorecard Rank


Hartford, CT

23.00Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Operations
Score: 2.5 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

Hartford does not currently have an overarching plan for improving energy efficiency in the city’s internal government operations, but the city's Clean Energy Taskforce is developing an energy reduction plan. The city also benchmarks energy use in its public buildings and has adopted an energy savings goal for its public buildings.  

Last updated: February 2015

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

Hartford's Clean Energy Taskforce is developing an energy reduction plan for the city, which will include strategies for local government assets. The primary focus of the plan will be energy consumption in buildings; transportation-related energy use may be added after the initial plan is released. The Hartford City Council adopted the Clean Energy Communities Municipal Pledge calling for a 20% energy reduction in all public buildings by 2018, but as of now, Hartford does not have an energy efficiency-related goal for all its local government operations.

Last updated: February 2015

Performance Management Strategies List All

We could not confirm the frequency of the city's public reporting on its energy efficiency activities nor could we confirm if the city uses an independent firm for evaluation, monitoring, and verification of energy savings from energy efficiency projects. We did not find information on whether Hartford has a dedicated funding source or budgeting mechanism for local government efficiency investments.

Hartford has two committees focusing on sustainability planning and implementation, the Advisory Council on the Environment and the City of Hartford Energy Task Force, but we could not confirm if the city has allocated dedicated staff to these committees for energy efficiency efforts within government operations. We did not find information regarding whether Hartford offers financial or non-financial incentives for energy efficiency actions to departments or individual staff.

Last updated: February 2015

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

We did not find information regarding fuel efficiency requirements for the public fleet. We also did not find information on a fleet right-sizing policy, culling requirements, anti-idling policy for fleet vehicles, or other policies to encourage the efficient use of the public fleet.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Hartford has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

New Buildings and Equipment

We did not find information regarding energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings or efficiency requirements in the city’s procurement policy.

Last updated: December 2014

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

Hartford benchmarks the energy use of all its public buildings in DOE's Portfolio Manager. The Hartford City Council adopted a resolution to achieve a 20% energy reduction in all public buildings by 2018. The city is also working on the beginning of an energy saving performance contract by having its buildings stock evaluated through the State Energy Savings Performance Contract program.

Sustainable Infrastructure Policies

We did not find information on the existence of sustainable infrastructure policies.

Public Employees

We did not find data on policies to reduce the commutes of city workers, such as flex schedules and teleworking, and we did not find information on transit benefits offered to city employees.  

Last updated: February 2015

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 1.5 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

In 2012, the Hartford City Council, in partnership with neighborhood associations and the Advisory Council on the Environment, organized a regional energy summit for local and surrounding communities, the Hartford Environmental Summit. During the summit, the city discussed steps communities can take to transform into sustainable communities. Otherwise, Hartford has few community-wide initiatives related to energy efficiency, but does pursue strategies that reduce the urban heat island effect.

Last updated: January 2017 

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

The city does not currently have community-wide energy efficiency goals.

Last updated: January 2017 

Performance Management StrategiesList All

Hartford has two committees focusing on sustainability planning and implementation, the Advisory Council on the Environment and the City of Hartford Energy Task Force, but we could not confirm if the city has allocated dedicated staff to these committees for energy efficiency efforts community-wide. We did not find other information regarding performance management strategies. Information that we were unable to obtain includes the frequency of public reporting on initiatives and the use of independent EM&V to evaluate savings from community-wide efficiency projects.

Last updated: February 2015

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

Hartford does not have programs or policies to plan for future district energy systems.   

Last updated: January 2017 

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The City of Hartford and KNOX, a local nonprofit, commissioned American Forests to create Hartford’s Urban Tree Canopy Assessment & Planting Plan. The plan includes an urban heat island mitigation goal to plant 20,000 trees in 20 years between 2010 and 2030, increasing the city's tree canopy by 10%.

The city has adopted a private tree protection ordinance for trees with a diameter at breast height of at least 13 inches. We did not find information on any policies that require or incentivize with low impact development (LID) or conservation of private land.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 5.5 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Hartford does not have building sector initiatives to improve efficiency. Licenses and Inspections, within the Development Department, manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Hartford.

Last Updated: December 2014

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

The State of Connecticut requires residential and commercial buildings to comply with the Connecticut State Building Code which references the 2012 IECC. To learn more about the required building codes for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database


Commercial construction in Hartford complies with the Connecticut State Building Code. The city has not yet begun advocating for increased stringency in commercial building energy codes.


Residential construction in Hartford complies with the Connecticut State Building Code. The city has not yet begun advocating for increased stringency in residential building energy codes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Hartford reported a budget of $1,041,594 for the building code department in 2013. This level of spending normalizes to $1,860 per $1,000 of residential construction spending for the city. Hartford has not made third-party plan review or performance testing mandatory for code compliance, nor has it established either as a voluntary code compliance option. Hartford does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance.

Last Updated: December 2014

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Building Energy Savings Goals

Hartford has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Hartford has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Hartford does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Hartford does not currently offer incentives or financing options for energy efficiency improvements.

Last Updated: December 2014

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Hartford does not have mandatory or voluntary programs to encourage building benchmarking in any sector.

The Multiple Listing Service (MLS) that serves the Hartford region includes fields for energy efficiency features.

Last Updated: December 2014

Comprehensive Efficiency Services List All

The Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program is available for all homeowners in Hartford through Energize CT’s Home Energy Solutions Program. 

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 7 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Connecticut Light & Power (CL&P), an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Northeast Utilities, is the primary electric utility serving Hartford. Connecticut Natural Gas, an IOU, is Hartford’s primary natural gas utility. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The Metropolitan District (MDC) for the City of Hartford is the municipal utility that provides the city with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: December 2014

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2013, according to Connecticut Light & Power, they spent $100,957,000 on electric efficiency programs, representing 4.76% of its annual revenue. Due to these programs, CL&P reported a net incremental electricity savings of 218,305MWh, representing .99% of its retail sales. In the same year, Connecticut Natural Gas reported spending $8,450,000 on natural gas efficiency programs. The expenditures normalize to $55.79 per residential customer. Due to these programs, Connecticut Natural Gas reported a net incremental savings of 1.54MMTherms, representing .42% of its retail sales. Spending on electricity and natural gas represented in this section covers the entire Connecticut service territory, not just Hartford. Connecticut Light & Power offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential , including multifamily, customers. Connecticut Natural Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

To further support and publicize utility efficiency spending and programs, the City of Hartford established an Advisory Committee on the Environment (ACOTE) that works to promote energy efficiency alongside other environmental and sustainability initiatives. The council has hosted events like the Environmental Summit and Earth Day and the city has created an energy task force of municipal employees and citizens to work on energy projects and other energy-reducing efforts.

As a member of the Clean Energy Communities program, the City of Hartford has pledged to promote energy efficiency programs (gas and electric) to residents, small businesses, educational group, local organizations and large C&I companies to increase program participation. 

Last Updated: February 2015

Energy Efficiency Targets & Funding Agreements List All

There are no local energy savings targets set for Hartford. Hartford does not have a franchise agreement or municipal aggregation contract in place to ensure energy efficiency while powering city operations.

Last Updated: December 2014

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

In order for customers to access their own energy data, CL&P has implemented the Green Button data sharing platform for its customers. CL&P does not provide energy usage data to building managers for input into automated benchmarking services. Upon request, CL&P will provide municipalities with aggregate energy consumption data for facilities within their jurisdiction. At this point, the City of Hartford does not advocate for improvements in data provision by its utilities.

Last Updated: December 2014

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

Hartford’s Metropolitan District (MDC) has not set water efficiency goals or policies nor does it offer water conservation programs.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

Hartford’s Metropolitan District (MDC) has not yet established an energy efficiency goal for water operations. There are not currently any programs in place for energy efficiency in water operations. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Under the Clean Water Project, the MDC developed a five-pronged approach to address the city’s stormwater overflow problem and to comply with a federal consent decree form the EPA and a state consent order from the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP). This includes projects to improve inflow and infiltration, large-scale efforts to separate the sewer system, and a program that distributes rain barrels to homeowners.

Currently, there are no dedicated funding or incentive structures in place to further encourage green infrastructure and stormwater management in Hartford.

Last Updated: December 2014

Score: 6.5 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Hartford is CT Transit. CT Transit provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including standard and express bus service. The Greater Hartford Transit District also provides public transit in the Hartford area. Capitol Region COG is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses the Hartford area as well as many surrounding counties. The Department of Public Works is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Location Efficiency List All

Hartford has not yet implemented location-efficient zoning codes to be used across the city or in any specific neighborhood. The city requires a minimum of one and a half parking spaces per residential unit in all districts, but one and a quarter in B1 and B2 zones. Across the city, parking may be reduced by 10% if rideshare is promoted and by 30% if a multifamily residence submits a transportation management plan. One space may be removed if a shuttle to downtown is provided. Hartford has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy. There are no incentives available through the city to promote location efficiency.

Last updated: December 2014

Mode Shift List All

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Hartford has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is currently no citywide car sharing program available for use in Hartford, although ZipCar has partnered with Trinity College to offer a university-based sharing program. Hartford is currently in the planning stages in hopes of providing residents and visitors with a bikesharing program.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Hartford is served by the Connecticut state CTRides program to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: February 2015

Transit List All

The transit systems that serve Hartford received $86,453,258 in total funding in 2012. This funding level is $80.20 per resident in the service territory of the agency. No funding was reported in 2011, therefore, no ratio can be made using our methodology.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures how many transit rides are available per week within walking distance from the average household. The City of Hartford’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 70,765.12, putting it in the highest category (>50,000) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014

Efficient Vehicles and Driver Behavior List All

At this time, Hartford does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure. The City of Hartford has made 11 EV charging stations available for public use. 

Hartford has not yet established efficient driving rules, such as an anti-idling ordinance, for private vehicles. The city is part of the Capitol Clean Cities of Connecticut Coalition.

Last updated: February 2015

Freight List All

There are two intermodal freight facilities within the City of Hartford’s boundaries, one of which we classify as efficient because it is port- or rail-capable.  Hartford’s share of regional freight traffic in 2012, normalized by population, is 1,447 ton-miles.  As a result there are 0.691 efficient intermodal facilities per thousand ton-miles of freight traffic, putting the city in the second lowest category for this metric (>0.5 to 0.999) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014