State and Local Policy Database

Miami

City Scorecard Rank

36

Miami, FL

28.50Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Operations
Score: 4 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

MiPlan, the city’s climate action plan published in 2008, articulates the city’s energy and climate goals for its internal government operations. The plan details several transportation and employee behavior initiatives, but Miami’s primary focus is on increasing energy efficiency in municipal buildings. The Office of Sustainable Initiatives is largely responsible for coordinating city departmental efforts toward the government operations goal.

Last updated: December 2014

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

MiPlan sets a goal to reduce the city government’s greenhouse gas emissions 25% below 2007 levels by 2015. The city council formally adopted this goal when they passed City Council Resolution 08-01096.

We did not find quantitative data indicating Miami was on track to achieve its local government goal.

Last updated: December 2014

Performance Management Strategies List All

We could not confirm if Miami has a dedicated funding source or budgeting mechanism for local government efficiency investments.

We did not find information detailing the frequency of public reporting on progress toward local government initiatives and we do not know if the city uses an independent firm for evaluation, monitoring, and verification of energy savings from government operations projects. 

The Office of Sustainable Initiatives houses two fulltime employees working on internally-facing energy initiatives. We did not find information regarding whether Miami offers financial or non-financial incentives for energy efficiency actions to departments or individual staff.

Last updated: December 2014

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Miami’s Green Fleet Ordinance (City Code Section 22.5) requires fuel efficiency to be considered during city vehicle purchases. The policy also calls for optimizing fleet size by eliminating unnecessary vehicles.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Miami has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

New Buildings and Equipment

Per the Miami 21 Zoning Code (Section 3.13.1), buildings over 50,000 square feet are required to achieve LEED Silver certification, but the requirements do not specifically emphasize completion of the energy efficiency elements of the certification. In 2008, the city passed a green purchasing ordinance for all city departments that requires products to meet ENERGY STAR guidelines.

Last updated: December 2014

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

We did not find information regarding municipal building benchmarking or the city’s energy performance strategy for municipal buildings. 

Sustainable Infrastructure Policies

Miami has not put life-cycle costing procedures in place, but the county’s Life Cycle Costing Procedure (Administrative Order 11-3) requires life-cycle analysis that considers maintenance, repair, energy costs, and other expenditures associated with day-to-day operations for certain commodities.

Public Employees

We did not find data on policies to reduce the commutes of city workers, such as flex schedules and teleworking policies. We could not confirm if Miami offers transit benefits to city employees, such as discounted transit passes.

Last updated: December 2014

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 3 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The Office of Miami Sustainable Initiatives primarily leads Miami’s implementation of its community-wide energy efficiency initiatives.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

The Miami City Commission formally adopted MiPlan, Miami’s Climate Action Plan, by Resolution 08-01096 in September 2008. MiPlan set a goal to reduce community-wide greenhouse gas emissions 25% below 2006 levels by 2020. Miami worked with the Miami Green Commission, comprised of community stakeholders, to create the Climate Action Plan.

The City of Miami was also an active participant in the planning process for Miami-Dade County’s Greenprint plan. The plan called for 20% reduction in non-renewable energy use by 2015 below a 2007 baseline. While the county has encouraged individual cities to formally adopt the plan as their own, we have found no information indicating that Miami has done so.

We did not find that Miami regularly reported on progress toward achieving its community-wide climate goal.

Last updated: January 2017

Performance Management StrategiesList All

We could not confirm if Miami has dedicated staff for community-wide efficiency efforts. We did not find other data regarding performance management strategies. Information that we were unable to obtain includes the frequency of public reporting on community-wide energy efficiency initiatives, program evaluation methods, and the existence or amount of dedicated funding for energy efficiency programs.

Last updated: December 2014

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

We did not find information on any programs or policies to plan for future district energy systems.   

Last updated: January 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The city’s Tree Master Plan calls for a 30% increase in urban tree canopy by 2020. Miami has adopted a private tree protection ordinance. Miami’s Code 21 includes requirements for cool roofs on buildings and provides building height bonuses for developers that permanently protect area wetland and open space. The city has not adopted policies that require or incentivize the use of low impact development (LID) in site design.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 6 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Miami has some building sector initiatives to improve efficiency including above-code requirements for large buildings. The Building Department manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Miami.

Last Updated: December 2014

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

Effective June 30, 2015, Florida law requires that residential and commercial buildings comply with the 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation based on the 2012 IECC with amendments. The 6th Edition (2017) is on schedule to take effect on December 31, 2017. Cities are not permitted to adopt codes more stringent than the state codes. To learn more about Florida’s building energy codes, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Commercial construction in Miami complies with the Florida building energy codes. Miami has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in commercial building codes.

Residential

Residential construction in Miami complies with the Florida building energy codes. Miami has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in residential building codes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Miami reported a budget of $9,082,500 for the building code department in 2013. This level of spending normalizes to $21 per $1,000 of residential construction spending for the city. Miami has not made third-party plan review or performance testing mandatory for code compliance, nor has it established either as a voluntary code compliance option. Miami does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance.

Last Updated: December 2014

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Building Energy Savings Goals

Miami has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

All commercial and large multifamily buildings must achieve LEED Silver certification.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Miami does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

PACE financing is available through the Green Corridor PACE Program to commercial buildings making energy efficiency upgrades.

Last Updated: December 2014

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Miami does not have mandatory or voluntary programs to encourage building benchmarking in any sector.

The multiple listing service that serves the Miami region includes energy efficiency fields for features of homes listed on the market.

Last Updated: December 2014

Comprehensive Efficiency Services List All

The Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program is not available in Miami.

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 3.5 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Florida Power & Light (FPL), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Miami. Florida City Gas, an IOU, is Miami’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department is the municipal-county utility which provides Miami with drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services.

Last Updated: December 2014

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

According to EIA, in 2012, FPL spent $111,933,000 on electric efficiency programs, representing 1.15% of its annual revenue. Due to these programs, FPL reported a net incremental electricity savings of 197,473MWh, representing 0.19% of its retail sales. In 2013, Florida City Gas either did not spend or did not report spending on natural gas efficiency programs Spending on electricity efficiency represented in this section covers the entire Florida service territory, not just Miami. FPL offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this point, the City of Miami does not partner with FPL or Florida City Gas to promote their energy efficiency programs. Miami has also not begun advocating to the state for legislation increasing the required levels of utility spending and savings for energy efficiency programs.

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy Efficiency Targets & Funding Agreements List All

Miami’s utilities are not subject to local energy savings targets, but instead must meet the state targets.

The City of Miami does not have a franchise agreement or municipal aggregation contract in place to ensure energy efficiency while powering city operations.

Last Updated: December 2014

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

FPL has not yet committed to providing the Green Button data sharing platform to its customers. FPL does not provide Miami’s building managers with automatic benchmarking data for use in Portfolio Manager. FPL does not provide community aggregate energy usage data for public consumption for planning or program evaluation. At this point, the City of Miami does not advocate to the state for improvements in data provision by the utilities.

Last Updated: December 2014

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

In 2006, the Miami-Dade County Board of County Commissioners adopted the Miami-Dade Water-Use Efficiency Plan through city resolution. The goal is to reduce water consumption by 1.5 million gallons per day by 2015 from a 2007 baseline. As a part of the implementation, the plan administers a variety of customer programs including rebates and free water-saving measures including shower heads, toilets, and landscape irrigation.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

At this point, the City of Miami has not established a goal or programs for energy efficiency through the municipal water service operation system. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Stormwater utility fees are assigned to all developed residential and non-residential properties and are determined as a function of equivalent residential units for residential properties and by determining the impervious area for non-residential properties. There is no funding in place to implement green stormwater infrastructure.

Last Updated: December 2014

Transportation
Score: 12 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Miami is Miami-Dade Transit. MDT also provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including train, bus, and light rail service. Miami Urbanized Area MPO is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Miami, and many surrounding cities and towns in South Florida. Public Works and Waste Management is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: December 2014

Location Efficiency List All

Miami 21 is the city’s mandatory, citywide smart code that was adopted in 2009 and uses form-based zoning to encourage smart growth. The city allows two parking spaces per residential unit. Miami adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Resolution No. 09-00274. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in road construction and maintenance projects. There are no incentives available through the city to promote location efficiency.

Last updated: December 2014

Mode Shift List All

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Miami has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are four car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Miami, Car2go, zipcar, Hertz OnDemand, WeCar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Decobike with over one hundred operable stations.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

South Florida has a ride share program which covers the city of Miami reducing the number of single-occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: December 2014

Transit List All

The MDT transit system that serves Miami received $634,462,425 in total funding in 2012. This funding level is $254.15 per resident in the service territory of the agency. In comparison, 2011 spending on roads and parking by the city was $45,447,992, or $109.72 per city resident. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 2.32 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures how many transit rides are available per week within walking distance from the average household. The City of Miami’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 34,823, putting it in the second highest category (20,000 - 50,000) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014

Efficient Vehicles and Driver Behavior List All

At this time, Miami does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure. The local government has not yet made any EV charging stations available for public use. 

Miami has not yet established efficient driving rules, such as an anti-idling ordinance, for private vehicles. Miami actively participates in the Southeast Florida Clean Cities Coalition

Last updated: December 2014

Freight List All

There are 12 intermodal freight facilities within the City of Miami’s boundaries, 7 of which we classify as efficient because they are port- or rail-capable. Miami’s share of regional freight traffic in 2012, normalized by population, is 7,529 ton-miles. As a result there are 0.930 efficient intermodal facilities per thousand ton-miles of freight traffic, putting the city in the middle category for this metric (0.5-0.999) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014