State and Local Policy Database

Miami

City Scorecard Rank

36

Miami, FL

28.50Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Score:
4 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

MiPlan, the city’s climate action plan, articulated energy and climate goals for internal government operations. These goals ended in 2015 and have not been updated since. The Office of Sustainable Initiatives was largely responsible for coordinating city departmental efforts toward the government operations goal.

Last updated: February 2017

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

MiPlan set a goal to reduce the city government’s greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2015 from 2007 levels. The city council formally adopted this goal when they passed City Council Resolution 08-01096. The city has not updated this goal.

Stringency

N/A

Progress

N/A

Reporting

We did not find information detailing the frequency of public reporting on progress toward local government initiatives. 

Last updated: January 2017

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Miami’s Green Fleet Ordinance (City Code Section 22.5) requires fuel efficiency to be considered during city vehicle purchases. The policy also calls for optimizing fleet size by eliminating unnecessary vehicles.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Miami has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

New Buildings and Equipment

Per the Miami 21 Zoning Code (Section 3.13.1), buildings over 50,000 square feet are required to achieve LEED Silver certification, but the requirements do not specifically emphasize completion of the energy efficiency elements of the certification. In 2008, the city passed a green purchasing ordinance for all city departments that requires products to meet ENERGY STAR guidelines.

Last updated: January 2017

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

We did not find information regarding the existence of municipal building benchmarking or a comprehensive retrofit strategy for public buildings. 

Public Employees

Miami implements a flexible scheduling policy for city employees.  

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 3 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The Office of Miami Sustainable Initiatives primarily leads Miami’s implementation of its community-wide energy efficiency initiatives.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

The Miami City Commission formally adopted MiPlan, Miami’s Climate Action Plan, by Resolution 08-01096 in September 2008. MiPlan set a goal to reduce community-wide greenhouse gas emissions 25% below 2006 levels by 2020. Miami worked with the Miami Green Commission, comprised of community stakeholders, to create the Climate Action Plan.

The City of Miami was also an active participant in the planning process for Miami-Dade County’s Greenprint plan. The plan called for 20% reduction in non-renewable energy use by 2015 below a 2007 baseline. While the county has encouraged individual cities to formally adopt the plan as their own, we have found no information indicating that Miami has done so.

We did not find that Miami regularly reported on progress toward achieving its community-wide climate goal.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

We did not find information on any programs or policies to plan for future district energy systems.   

Last updated: January 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The city’s Tree Master Plan calls for a 30% increase in urban tree canopy by 2020. Miami has adopted a private tree protection ordinance. Miami’s Code 21 includes requirements for cool roofs on buildings and provides building height bonuses for developers that permanently protect area wetland and open space. The city has not adopted policies that require or incentivize the use of low impact development (LID) in site design.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 6 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Miami has some building sector initiatives to improve efficiency including above-code requirements for large buildings. The City of Miami Buildings Department manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Miami.

Last Updated: January 2017

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

Effective June 30, 2015, Florida law requires that residential and commercial buildings comply with the 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation based on the 2012 IECC with amendments. The 6th Edition (2017) is on schedule to take effect on December 31, 2017. Cities are not permitted to adopt codes more stringent than the state codes. To learn more about Florida’s building energy codes, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Commercial construction in Miami complies with the Florida building energy codes. Miami has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in commercial building codes.

Residential

Residential construction in Miami complies with the Florida building energy codes. Miami has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in residential building codes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Miami does not have internal staff dedicated solely to energy code compliance. The city does not require building code officials to complete energy code training. The city has not made third-party plan review or performance testing mandatory for code compliance, nor has it established either as a voluntary code compliance option. The city does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Green Building Requirements

All commercial and large multifamily buildings must achieve LEED Silver certification.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Miami does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financing is available through the City of Miami PACE programs to residential and commercial building owners making energy efficiency upgrades. Expedited permitting and density bonuses are offered for residential and commercial building owners implementing green building measures into their buildings.

Last Updated: January 2017

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Miami does not have mandatory or voluntary programs to encourage building benchmarking in any sector.

The multiple listing service that serves the Miami region includes energy efficiency fields for features of homes listed on the market.

Last Updated: January 2017

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 3.5 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Florida Power & Light (FPL), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Miami. Florida City Gas, an IOU, is Miami’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department is the municipal-county utility which provides Miami with drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services.

Last Updated: January 2017

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2015, according to FPL’s demand side management report, they achieved 114,523 MWh in net incremental savings, representing 0.10% of retail sales. To achieve these savings, FPL spent $124,170,000 on electric efficiency programs in 2015, which equates to 1.16% of annual revenue. In 2015, Florida City Gas either did not spend or did not report spending on natural gas efficiency programs. Spending on electricity efficiency represented in this section covers the entire Florida service territory, not just Miami. FPL offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this time, the City of Miami does not have a formal partnership with FPL or Florida City Gas in the form of a jointly-developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement. Community Action and Human Services of Miami has an established partnership with Florida Power & Light as well as other community organizations to provide bill assistance to qualifying customers, but does not partner on efficiency programs.

Last Updated: January 2017

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

At this time, FPL and Florida City Gas do not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at low-income customers.

Multifamily Programs

At this time, FPL and Florida City Gas do not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at multifamily properties.

Last Updated: January 2017

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

FPL has not yet committed to providing the Green Button data sharing platform to its customers. FPL does not provide Miami’s building managers with automatic benchmarking data for use in Portfolio Manager. FPL does not provide community aggregate energy usage data for public consumption for planning or program evaluation. At this time, the City of Miami does not advocate to the state for improvements in data provision by the utilities.

Last Updated: January 2017

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

The City of Miami has an online a water efficiency pledge which includes energy efficiency measures, and they also offer high efficiency rebates for water fixtures. In 2006, the Miami-Dade County Board of County Commissioners adopted the Miami-Dade Water-Use Efficiency Plan through city resolution, with a goal of reducing water consumption by 1.5 million gallons per day by 2015 from a 2007 baseline. As a part of the implementation, the plan administered a variety of customer programs including rebates and free water-saving measures including shower heads, toilets, and landscape irrigation. The goal of the plan was exceeded in year 2015, and it’s estimated that the city will be able to save more than 14.25 million gallons of water per day by 2017.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

At this point, the City of Miami has not established a goal or programs for energy efficiency through the municipal water service operation system. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

There is no master plan or funding in place to implement green stormwater infrastructure. Stormwater utility fees are assigned to all developed residential and non-residential properties and are determined as a function of equivalent residential units for residential properties and by determining the impervious area for non-residential properties.

Last Updated: January 2017

Transportation
Score: 12 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Miami is Miami-Dade Transit. MDT also provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including train, bus, and light rail service. Miami Urbanized Area MPO is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Miami, and many surrounding cities and towns in South Florida. Public Works and Waste Management is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Location Efficiency List All

Miami 21 is the city’s mandatory, citywide smart code that was adopted in 2009 and uses form-based zoning to encourage smart growth. The city allows two parking spaces per residential unit. There are no incentives available through the city to promote location efficiency.

Last updated: January 2017

Mode Shift List All

Modal Share Targets

Miami has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Miami, Car2go, zipcar, and Hertz OnDemand. The city is served by a bike sharing program, Citi Bike Miami with over one hundred operable stations.

Complete Streets

Miami adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Resolution No. 09-00274. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: January 2017

Transit List All

The MDT transit system that serves Miami received $685,032,793 in total funding in 2015. This funding level is $274.40 per resident in the service territory of the agency. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 2.36 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. Miami’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 20, putting it in the third highest category (15-29) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient VehiclesList All

At this time, Miami does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure. This city has 46 EV charging stations available for public use

Last updated: January 2017

Freight List All

Sustainable freight plan

We could not confirm if Miami has a sustainable freight transportation plan in place or if the city has any policies that address freight efficiency.

Smart freight

We could not confirm if Miami employs an internet-based application or service to coordinate freight transport.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Miami’s GreenPrint Plan contains strategies for creating and connecting sustainable neighborhoods and providing more transportation options and reducing the time spent in cars.

Last updated: January 2017

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas List All

We could not confirm if Miami has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017