State and Local Policy Database

Orlando

City Scorecard Rank

30

Orlando, FL

33.50Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Score:
8 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

Orlando’s Greenworks 2012 Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan details the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations Strategies include energy efficiency standards for buildings, public lighting upgrades, and comprehensive retrofits. Orlando is in the process of updating this plan by early 2017.

Last updated: February 2017

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

The Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan has a goal to reduce municipal energy consumption 10% below 2010 levels by 2017 and 50% below 2010 levels by 2030. The plan also has a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from local government operations 15% from 2010 levels by 2017 and be greenhouse gas neutral by 2030. In 2013, the city council formally adopted the Greenworks Plan. Orlando’s 2012 municipal sustainability plan further details their specific local government goals and strategies. This plan is in the process of being updated and will be introduced as a resolution for adoption by the Mayor and City Council in early 2017.

Stringency

To meet their energy reduction goal, Orlando would need to reduce usage by 1.4% per year.

Progress

We did not find quantitative data indicating Orlando was on track to achieve its nearest-term local government energy or emissions goals. Orlando is currently updating its inventories and will release finalized inventories in 2015. 

Reporting

Public updates on local government operations efficiency efforts are given to the city council when requested. It is unclear if Orlando annually publishes or provides annual public reports on its local government operations energy efficiency activities. 

Last updated: January 2017

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

The Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan has an objective to reduce the public fleet's fossil diesel and gasoline use by 25%  from 2010 levels by 2017. Additionally, the city of Orlando has set a municipal goal to run city fleet vehicles on 100% renewable sources by 2030. There are currently no web-based tools or GPS technologies to improve fleet efficiency in this city.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

Orlando passed a lighting ordinance in 2014 for public outdoor lighting. As an alternative to the development standard, lighting that conforms to the Joint International Dark-Sky Association and Illuminating Engineering Society Model Lighting Ordinance is also acceptable. Orlando has also installed over 20,000 LED streetlight in the city in collaboration with the utility, Orlando Utilities Commission. There are no formal efficiency-driven lighting replacement programs in this city, however some lighting replacements are being prioritized as part of its 7-year payback period equipment upgrading policy.

New Buildings and Equipment

Orlando has a policy that new municipal buildings achieve LEED certification, but we could not confirm if the requirements specifically emphasize completion of the energy efficiency elements of the certification. The city of Orlando requires that all appliances procured must meet Energy Star specifications.

Last updated: January 2017

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

Orlando benchmarks energy use in 90% of its municipal portfolio, totaling 6.15 million square feet.. In 2010, Orlando invested $1.76M in energy efficiency improvements for 28 buildings. Currently, those investments are tracking at $1.1M in savings and a 31% reduce in energy use from the baseline in 2010. Since then, Orlando has rolled out an additional $17.5M in energy efficiency improvements to an additional 100 municipal buildings.

Public Employees

Orlando does not have policies to reduce the commutes of city workers, such as flex schedules and teleworking.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 5.5 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The city’s Green Works program coordinates the implementation of several community energy efficiency initiatives.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

The Green Works Orlando Community Action Plan details the city’s goals to reduce community-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 25% below 2007 levels by 2018 and 90% below 2007 levels by 2040. The plan also has goals to reduce energy use by 5% below 2010 levels by 2018 and 25% below 2010 levels by 2040. The mayor and city council formally adopted the Green Works Plan in August 2013.

Orlando has not yet completed a greenhouse gas emissions inventory or released an update on the city’s progress toward its goals. We were unable to determine if the city is on track to meet either its climate or energy goals.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

Orlando has one city employee dedicated to district energy planning and development. The city is also developing a new eco-district.

Last updated: January 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The Green Works Plan includes an urban heat island mitigation goal to increase the city urban tree canopy coverage to 27% by 2018 and 40% by 2040.

Orlando provides development bonuses for buildings that install green roofs. The city allows cluster subdivision developments that encourage the permanent protection of land alongside dense residential development patterns. The city has adopted a private tree protection ordinance.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 4 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Orlando does have building sector initiatives to improve efficiency, including a recently-adopted citywide energy benchmarking and transparency policy. The City Permitting Department manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for Orlando.

Last Updated: January 2017

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

Effective June 30, 2015, Florida law requires that residential and commercial buildings comply with the 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation based on the 2012 IECC with amendments. The 6th Edition (2017) is on schedule to take effect on December 31, 2017. Cities are not permitted to adopt codes more stringent than the state codes. To learn more about Florida’s building energy codes, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Commercial construction in Orlando complies with the Florida building energy codes. Orlando has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in commercial building codes.

Residential

Residential construction in Orlando complies with the Florida building energy codes. Orlando has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in residential building codes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Orlando does not have internal staff dedicated solely to energy code compliance. The city does not require building code officials to complete energy code training. Orlando has made third-party plan review and performance testing mandatory for code compliance. Orlando does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance.

Last Updated: January 2017

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Green Building Requirements

Orlando has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Starting May 2020, as part of the recently passed Building Energy and Water Efficiency Strategy by the City of Orlando, buildings that score under the national average (ENERGY STAR score below 50) are required to perform an energy audit or retro-commission their base building systems one time every five years.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

In 2016, Orlando put a PACE Financing Program in place for homeowners and business owners.

Last Updated: January 2017

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

In December 2016, Orlando passed an energy benchmarking and transparency policy, Building Energy and Water Efficiency Strategy. The policy requires existing commercial and multifamily buildings larger than 50,000 square feet to track whole-building energy use. Building owners must report energy use data to the City annually and make their information transparent to the real estate marketplace. The policy covers less than five percent of Orlando’s buildings, but accounts for more than 50 percent of total energy and water used by all buildings citywide. Private sector buildings are required to report beginning May 1, 2018.

Through another program, the Kilowatt Crackdown, buildings not subject to the City's benchmarking ordinance can voluntarily benchmark energy and water use using ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. Orlando's Kilowatt Crackdown 2.0 launches in 2017.

The Multiple Listing Service (MLS) that serves the Orlando region includes fields for energy efficiency features.

Last Updated: January 2017

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 5.5 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC), a municipally-owned utility, provides water and electric service to the citizens of Orlando. TECO Peoples Gas, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Orlando’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The City of Orlando’s Department of Public Works provides wastewater and stormwater management services for Orlando.

Last Updated: January 2017

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2015, according to OUC, they achieved 16,672 MWh in net incremental savings, representing 0.22% of retail sales. To achieve these savings, OUC spent $1,436,998 on electric efficiency programs in 2015, which equates to 0.25% of annual revenue. In 2015, TECO Peoples Gas did not report savings from gas efficiency programs, but did report spending $12,335,245 on natural gas efficiency programs, which are normalized to $37.76 per residential customer. Spending on electricity and natural gas represented in this section covers the entire Florida service territory, not just Tampa. OUC offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. TECO Peoples Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

The City of Orlando is actively working with OUC on developing more efficiency programs through the City Energy Project, including data access platform for whole-building energy use data and additional services, including benchmarking and retro-commissioning. Through the City Energy Project and the Central Florida Energy Efficiency Alliance (CFEEA), the City of Orlando is actively promoting OUC and efficiency rebates and incentives, along with organizing various summits and workshops including the efficiency and conservation managers for each company to participate. OUC also partners with the City on energy efficiency workshops for multifamily and Housing Authority communities.

At this time, the City of Orlando does not have a formal partnership with TECO Peoples Gas in the form of a jointly-developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: January 2017

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

The OUC offers the Residential Efficiency Delivered Program to qualified low-income residential customers. This program provides up to $2,000 of energy and water efficiency upgrades based on the needs of the customer’s home. Upgrades include ceiling insulation, duct system repair, pipe insulation, window film, window caulk, door caulk, door weatherstripping, door sweep, threshold plate, air filter replacement, toilet replacement, irrigation repairs, water flow restrictors and minor plumbing repairs. This program is implemented in collaboration with an Efficiency Delivered contractor, who are selected through a request for proposal process on a routine basis. TECO Peoples Gas does not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at low-income customers in Orlando.

Multifamily Programs

OUC offers the comprehensive retrofit Multi-Family Efficiency Program. This program provides rebates for energy efficiency upgrades such as window improvements, cool reflective roof, ceiling insulation, HVAC heat pump, A/C proper sizing, duct repair, and Energy Star Heat Pump Water Heater and washer. A property inspection is performed to validate which energy efficiency upgrades are needed. TECO Peoples Gas does not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at multifamily properties.

Last Updated: January 2017

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Although the Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) has not yet formally committed to providing the Green Button data sharing platform to its customers, they are currently piloting a Green Button data sharing program with the Lake Nona Community. OUC does not provide Orlando’s building managers with automatic benchmarking data for use in Portfolio Manager, but they are currently developing a data access platform for whole-building utility data and ENERGY STAR web services. OUC is also currently developing a data access platform to provide energy use data for community-planning. The City of Orlando is in the process of working to accelerate data provision by its utilities.

Last Updated: January 2017

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

The Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) provides water saving solutions and rebate programs for residential and commercial buildings that include both water and energy efficiency measures. Although City of Orlando has not established a water-saving target, the City has developed a Water Resource Strategy to address water conservation concerns.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

In 2015, the Orlando Utility Commission set a Clean Energy Strategy goal of 20% of retail sales from renewables and energy efficiency by 2020. This target will require significant investment in both landfill gas and solar generation. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

The City of Orlando requires developers to create stormwater retention ponds to minimize impacts of heavy rainfall. As stated in the Green Works Community Action Plan, the City has a goal to increase the city-wide tree canopy by 40% (baseline year 2012). Other green infrastructure projects including green roofs, permeable pavements, and water harvesting are being explored, but there are no specific goals for them in a formal plan at present

Last Updated: January 2017

Transportation
Score: 10.5 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Orlando is The Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority (Lynx). Lynx provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including bus service. METROPLAN Orlando is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Orlando, and many surrounding cities and towns. The Department of Transportation Engineering is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Location Efficiency List All

Orlando zoning code includes transect-based zoning as well as form-based zoning. The city has not yet removed minimum parking requirements. As an incentive to promote location-efficient real estate development, Orlando provides discounts on impact fees up to 80%. 

Last updated: January 2017

Mode Shift List All

Modal Share Targets

Orlando has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Orlando, zipcar . Orlando Bike Share, a bikesharing program, is currently available to the residents and visitors of Orlando.

Complete Streets

The City of Orlando has not yet adopted a complete streets policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transit List All

The Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority that serves Orlando received $133,341,537 in total funding in 2015. This funding level is $66.48 per resident in the service territory of the agency. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 0.28 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. Orlando’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 4, putting it in the lowest category (0-4) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient VehiclesList All

At this time, Orlando does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.The city has 105 EV charging stations available for public use . 

Last updated: January 2017

Freight List All

Sustainable freight plan

Orlando does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place nor does the city has any policies that address freight efficiency.

Smart freight

Orlando does not employ an internet-based application or service to coordinate freight transport.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Orlando’s 2040 Long Range Transportation Plan emphasizes multimodal transportation and smart growth land use principles to explore ways land use can improve the efficiency of the transportation system.

Last updated: January 2017

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas List All

Orlando does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017