State and Local Policy Database


City Scorecard Rank


Orlando, FL

33.50Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Operations
Score: 8 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

Orlando’s Greenworks 2012 Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan details the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations. 

Last updated: December 2014

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

The Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan has a goal to reduce municipal energy consumption 10% below 2010 levels by 2017 and 50% below 2010 levels by 2030. The plan also has a goal to reduce reduce greenhouse gas emissions from local government operations 15% from 2010 levels by 2017 and be greenhouse gas neutral by 2030. In 2013, the city council formally adopted the Greenworks Plan. 

We did not find quantitative data indicating Orlando was on track to achieve its local government goal. Orlando is currently updating its GHG inventories and will release finalized inventories in 2015. 

Last updated: February 2015

Performance Management Strategies List All

Orlando created the Revolving Energy Fund through energy efficiency improvements that the city invested in using ARRA funds. The Revolving Energy Fund has only been used for local government operations projects thus far.

Public updates on local government operations efficiency efforts are given to the city council when requested. It is unclear if Orlando annually publishes or provides annual public reports on its local government operations energy efficiency activities. Orlando uses an independent firm for evaluation, monitoring, and verification of energy savings from energy efficiency projects in local government buildings.

Orlando has three fulltime staff dedicated to energy efficiency efforts within government operations. Orlando is taking part in the Chief's Energy Challenge to reduce energy use in the city's fire departments by 20% in three years. 

Last updated: February 2015

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

The Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan has an objective to reduce the public fleet's fossil diesel and gasoline use by 25%  from 2010 levels by 2017. Orlando is implementing anti-idling technology into public heavy vehicles, but we could not confirm if this was due to an anti-idling policy. Otherwise, we did not find information on a fleet right-sizing policy, culling requirements, or other policies to encourage the efficient use of the public fleet.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

Orlando passed a lighting ordinance in 2014 for public outdoor lighting. As an alternative to the development standard, lighting that conforms to the Joint International Dark-Sky Association and Illuminating Engineering Society Model Lighting Ordinance is also acceptable. Orlando is also moving forward with an over 20,000 LED streetlight conversion program with the utility, Orlando Utilities Commission.

New Buildings and Equipment

Orlando has a policy that new municipal buildings achieve LEED certification, but we could not confirm if the requirements specifically emphasize completion of the energy efficiency elements of the certification. Orlando does not have a codified requirement in its procurement policy for energy efficient products. Currently, appliances are procured independently by the using agency; their procurement is not centralized.

Last updated: February 2015

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

Orlando benchmarks the energy use in 90% of its municipal portfolio annually. The city joined the DOE Better Buildings Challenge in July 2014 to reduce energy use in a portfolio of buildings by 20% by 2021 and their commitment contains municipal buildings. In 2010, Orlando invested $1.76M in energy efficiency improvements for 28 buildings. Currently, those investments are tracking at $1.1M in savings and a 31% reduce in energy use from the baseline in 2010. In addition, Orlando will be rolling out an additional $17.5M in energy efficiency improvements to an additional 100 municipal buildings.

Sustainable Infrastructure Policies

Orlando does not have sustainable infrastructure policies for capital investments.

Public Employees

Orlando does not have policies to reduce the commutes of city workers, such as flex schedules and teleworking. Orlando provides a 50% transit subsidy to its local government employees who ride the bus or Sunrail to work.

Last updated: February 2015

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 5.5 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The city’s Green Works program coordinates the implementation of several community energy efficiency initiatives.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

The Green Works Orlando Community Action Plan details the city’s goals to reduce community-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 25% below 2007 levels by 2018 and 90% below 2007 levels by 2040. The plan also has goals to reduce energy use by 5% below 2010 levels by 2018 and 25% below 2010 levels by 2040. The mayor and city council formally adopted the Green Works Plan in August 2013.

Orlando has not yet completed a greenhouse gas emissions inventory or released an update on the city’s progress toward its goals. We were unable to determine if the city is on track to meet either its climate or energy goals.

Last updated: January 2017

Performance Management StrategiesList All

Orlando is planning to publish an energy benchmarking report in 2015 and the city gives public updates regarding updates to the Greenworks sustainability plan and energy efforts when requested by the city council. We could not confirm if the city annually releases other public reports detailing progress toward community-wide energy efficiency initiatives. We did not find information on the use of independent EM&V to evaluate savings from community-wide efficiency projects. The city has one fulltime employee and one part-time employee dedicated to community-wide energy efficiency strategies. The city developed a revolving energy fund that has primarily been used for local government investments. The city is working to develop those mechanisms further through the City Energy Project. The fund may be used for community-wide initiatives in the future.   

Last updated: February 2015

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

Orlando has one city employee dedicated to district energy planning and development. The city is also developing a new eco-district.

Last updated: January 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The Green Works Plan includes an urban heat island mitigation goal to increase the city urban tree canopy coverage to 27% by 2018 and 40% by 2040.

Orlando provides development bonuses for buildings that install green roofs. The city allows cluster subdivision developments that encourage the permanent protection of land alongside dense residential development patterns. The city has adopted a private tree protection ordinance.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 4 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Orlando does not have building sector initiatives to improve efficiency. The City Permitting Department manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for Orlando.

Last Updated: December 2014

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

Effective June 30, 2015, Florida law requires that residential and commercial buildings comply with the 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation based on the 2012 IECC with amendments. The 6th Edition (2017) is on schedule to take effect on December 31, 2017. Cities are not permitted to adopt codes more stringent than the state codes. To learn more about Florida’s building energy codes, please visit the State Policy Database.


Commercial construction in Orlando complies with the Florida building energy codes. Orlando has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in commercial building codes.


Residential construction in Orlando complies with the Florida building energy codes. Orlando has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in residential building codes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Orlando reported a budget of $8,276,000 for the building code department in 2013. This level of spending normalizes to $20 per $1,000 of residential construction spending for the city. Orlando has not made third-party plan review or performance testing mandatory for code compliance, nor has it established either as a voluntary code compliance option. Orlando does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance.

Last Updated: December 2014

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Building Energy Savings Goals

Orlando has not yet published an energy-intensity reduction target for its private buildings.

Green Building Requirements

Orlando has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Orlando does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Orlando does not currently offer incentives or financing options for energy efficiency improvements.

Last Updated: December 2014

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Orlando does not have a mandatory program to encourage building benchmarking in any sector. Through the Kilowatt Crackdown Program that ran from 2010-2013, Orlando encouraged building owners to benchmark energy and water use using ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager.

The Multiple Listing Service (MLS) that serves the Orlando region includes fields for energy efficiency features.

Last Updated: December 2014

Comprehensive Efficiency Services List All

Comprehensive efficiency services are available for all homeowners in Orlando through the Orlando Utilities Commission.

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 5.5 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Orlando Utilities Commission, a municipally-owned utility, provides water and electric service to the citizens of Orlando. TECO Peoples Gas System, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Orlando’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The City of Orlando’s Department of Public Works provides wastewater and stormwater management services for Orlando.

Last Updated: December 2014

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2013, according to Orlando Utilities Commission, they spent $4,799,000 on electric efficiency programs, representing .83% of its annual revenue. Due to these programs, OUC reported a net incremental electricity savings of 25,649MWh, representing 0.43% of its retail sales. In the same year, TECO Peoples Gas reported spending $9,432,000 on gas efficiency programs. The expenditures normalize to $27.15 per residential customer. They did not report natural gas savings for this year. Spending on electricity and natural gas represented in this section covers the entire Florida service territory, not just Tampa. OUC offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. TECO Peoples Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

The City of Orlando is actively working with OUC on developing more efficiency programs through the City Energy Project, including data access platform for whole-building energy use data and additional services, including benchmarking and retro-commissioning.

At this point, the City of Orlando does not partner with TECO Peoples Gas to promote their energy efficiency programs. Orlando has also not begun advocating to the state for legislation increasing the required levels of utility spending and savings for energy efficiency programs. 

Last Updated: December 2014

Energy Efficiency Targets & Funding Agreements List All

The City of Orlando has established an annual 0.58% energy savings target for its municipal utility. 

Last Updated: February 2015

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

OUC has not yet committed to providing the Green Button data sharing platform to its customers. OUC does not provide Orlando’s building managers with automatic benchmarking data for use in Portfolio Manager. However, through its Tools for Tenants online platform, OUC provides community aggregated annual and monthly consumption data. This tool is not only used for prospective tenants to compare communities but can be used by local agencies for planning purposes and evaluation. The City of Orlando, as part of the City Energy Project, is working to accelerate access to energy data to improve the energy efficiency of buildings.

Last Updated: December 2014

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

The Orlando Utilities Commission has not established any water efficiency policies or goals. However, they do offer a number of water saving rebates such as low-volume irrigation system installation and low-flush toilets, among others.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

Orlando’s Department of Public Works and the OUC have not yet established an energy efficiency goal for water operations. There are not currently any programs in place for energy efficiency in water operations. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

The City of Orlando requires developers to create stormwater retention ponds to minimize impacts of heavy rainfall. However, there are currently no additional policies, programs, funding, or incentive structures in place to encourage green infrastructure for stormwater management on private or public properties. 

Last Updated: December 2014

Score: 10.5 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Orlando is The Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority (Lynx). Lynx provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including bus service. METROPLAN Orlando is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Orlando, and many surrounding cities and towns. The Department of Transportation Engineering is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: December 2014

Location Efficiency List All

Orlando zoning code includes transect-based zoning as well as form-based zoning. The city has not yet removed minimum parking requirements. The City of Orlando has not yet adopted a complete streets policy. As an incentive to promote location-efficient real estate development, Orlando provides discounts on impact fees up to 80%. 

Last updated: December 2014

Mode Shift List All

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Orlando has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is not a car sharing service available to the citizens of Orlando. Orlando Bike Share, a bikesharing program, is currently available to the residents and visitors of Orlando, with 4 active racks.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

The Florida Department of Transportation administers the transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: December 2014

Transit List All

The Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority that serves Orlando received $123,269,192 in total funding in 2012. This funding level is $67.09 per resident in the service territory of the agency. In comparison, 2011 spending on roads and parking by the city was $59,042,712, or $236.02 per city resident. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 0.28 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures how many transit rides are available per week within walking distance from the average household. The City of Orlando’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 10,133.07, putting it in our middle category (10,000 - 20,000) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014

Efficient Vehicles and Driver Behavior List All

At this time, Orlando does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure. The local government has not yet made any EV stations available for public use. 

Orlando has not yet established efficient driving rules, such as an anti-idling ordinance, for private vehicles. The City of Orlando actively participates in the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition

Last updated: December 2014


Freight List All

There are 10 intermodal freight facilities within the City of Orlando’s boundaries, 4 of which we classify as efficient because it is port- or rail-capable. Orlando’s share of regional freight traffic in 2012, normalized by population, is 3,994 ton-miles. As a result there are 1.002 efficient intermodal facilities per thousand ton-miles of freight traffic, putting the city in the second highest category for this metric (1 to 1.999) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: December 2014