State and Local Policy Database

Chicago

City Scorecard Rank

6

Chicago, IL

69.50Scored out of 100Updated 5/2015
Local Government Score:
9.5 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

The Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Plan is the city’s framework for reducing energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions both within local government operations and community-wide. The plan includes strategies increase energy efficiency in municipal buildings, improve sustainability at Chicago’s airports, and reduce fossil fuel consumption in the municipal vehicle fleet. The city is in the process of updating its Sustainable Chicago plan.

Last updated:  Febuary 2017

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

In 2008, Chicago established the Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Plan, which included a goal to improve overall energy efficiency of municipal buildings 10% by 2015, along with a goal to improve citywide energy efficiency by 5% by the end of 2015. Together, these goals addressed all local government operations. The city has not adopted its targets by executive order or city resolution, but Sustainable Chicago 2015 is understood to be the Mayor’s sustainability vision by city departments and the community overall. The city will continue working towards this energy savings target until the next Sustainable Chicago plan is released, likely in 2017. Through the Chicago Climate Action Plan, the city also adopted a greenhouse gas emission reduction goal of 25% by 2020 and 80% by 2050, from 1990 levels. While this goal is citywide, it includes government operations.

Stringency

In order to meet its local government greenhouse gas emissions goal, Chicago would have needed to reduce emissions by an average of 2% per year.

Progress

We did not find quantitative data indicating Chicago was on track to achieve its nearest-term local government energy use or greenhouse gas goal.

Reporting 

Chicago reports progress towards its energy efficiency-related goals in the Sustainable Chicago Action Agenda annually in December. The most recent report was published in December 2015.

Last updated: January 2017

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

According to the 2015 Sustainable Chicago Action Plan, the city aims to reduce municipal fossil fuel consumption by 10%, replace 3% of on-road fleet vehicles with cleaner vehicles annually, and reduce the energy intensity of Chicago Transit Authority rail service by 12% from 2011 levels. Additionally, the City’s Fleet and Facilities Management (2FM) Department has a policy to increase the number of non-CPD (Chicago Police Department) leased light-duty vehicles to 366. This policy has reduced the size of the City’s light-duty fleet; lowered the average age of light-duty vehicles being used by the City; and reduced fuel use and maintenance expenses. This city monitors the use of its public fleet through the Fleet Center System, which incorporates GPS technology to increase public fleet efficiency.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

The City of Chicago owns and operates all of the public outdoor lighting used to illuminate this city’s roadways, sidewalks, alleys, bike lanes, and park paths.  While there is no current ordinance requiring the dimming of public outdoor lighting, Chicago is finishing up the procurement of a large scale lighting modernization project that will impact 85% of Chicago’s outdoor lights.  The luminaire specification for all LED fixtures included in the Chicago Smart Light Program requires dimmable drivers and receptacles for 7-pin light control devices.  One of the project objectives is to create the capability to implement a city-wide adaptive lighting strategy that will provide light only where and when it is needed.  The combination of a lighting management system and “smart luminaires” is projected to reduce lighting electric consumption by at least 60%.

New Buildings and Equipment

The city requires LEED certification for all new municipal buildings, but we could not confirm if the requirements specifically emphasized completion of the energy efficiency elements of the certification. Under the city’s Sustainable Development Policy, any projects receiving assistance or in a planned development zone must meet LEED Silver standards or better. As part of LEED certification for new municipal buildings policy, ENERGY STAR and WaterSense labeled fixtures are required. The city also requires ENERGY STAR for new appliance purchases.

Last updated: January 2017

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

According to government staff, the majority of city buildings are benchmarked. The Sustainable Chicago 2015 Plan has a goal to improve energy efficiency in municipal buildings by 10%. The city has three contracts with energy services companies to retrofit Chicago's municipal projects. Initial savings associated with these contracts appear to be approximately $9.4 million in energy costs for 2016, a portion of which comes from the energy efficiency upgrades.

Public Employees

We could not confirm if Chicago has a flexible work schedule policy or other policies, such as teleworking, to reduce the commutes of city workers.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 5.5 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

Chicago’s Environment and Sustainability Initiative leads community projects related to energy efficiency.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

Chicago’s Climate Action Plan set greenhouse gas goals to reduce emissions 25% below 1990 levels by 2025 and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. Chicago’s Sustainable Chicago Action Agenda has an efficiency target to improve citywide energy efficiency by 5% by 2015. The city has not adopted its efficiency target by executive order or city resolution. The Green Ribbon Committee, which is a group of leaders from the non-profit and business communities appointed by Mayor Emanuel, advises the city on sustainability broadly, with an emphasis on energy efficiency.

The City has provided annual reports on progress towards the goals in the Sustainable Chicago Action Agenda. These reports are published online, and are published annually in December. The last report was published in December 2015. Per data released by the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) in 2016, the city is not currently on track to meet its 2025 greenhouse gas emissions target. We did not find quantitative data indicating Chicago was on track to achieve its citywide energy reduction goal.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

The city has identified high priority areas for future district energy and combined heat and power (CHP) facilities. Chicago has been actively supporting two microgrid developments with integrated combined heat and power (CHP) facilities in the city. One system is operational and is located at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). The second project will be developed by the local electricity utility, Commonwealth Edison, and will be connected to the IIT microgrid.

Last updated: January 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The city’s Climate Action Plan has a goal to increase rooftop gardens to a total of 6,000 buildings citywide by 2020 and to plant an estimated 1 million trees by 2020.

Per Chicago’s Sustainable Development Policy, expedited green permits are available for construction involving a green roof, rainwater harvesting, or a similar measure. The Chicago Energy Efficiency Conservation Code requires new low-sloped roofs to have a minimum 3-year reflectance of 0.5 and medium sloped roofs to have a reflectance of 0.15. Chicago was one of the first cities to require cool roof technologies, having integrated requirements into the city’s energy efficiency code as early as 2001. The city has not adopted a private tree protection ordinance or policies that require or incentivize conservation of private land.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 22.5 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Chicago has some building sector initiatives to improve efficiency including an energy savings target, above code requirements, and energy rating and disclosure for residential buildings. The Department of Buildings manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Chicago.

Chicago's Climate Action Plan has set a 30 percent reduction in energy use in 50 percent of the City’s commercial and residential building stock.

Last Updated: January 2017

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

The State of Illinois allows local jurisdictions to adopt building codes that are more stringent than the Illinois Energy Conservation Code. The Illinois Energy Conservation Code is as stringent as the 2015 IECC for both commercial and residential buildings. To learn more about building energy codes in Illinois, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Chicago complies with the Illinois Energy Conservation Code as of January 2016. The City of Chicago has additional Energy Conservation Code requirements in the Municipal Code. Where there are conflicts between the State and Municipal Codes, the most stringent requirements take precedence. 

Residential

Chicago complies with the Illinois Energy Conservation Code as of January 2016. The City of Chicago has additional Energy Conservation Code requirements in the Municipal Code. Where there are conflicts between the State and Municipal Codes, the most stringent requirements take precedence. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Chicago does not have internal staff dedicated solely to energy code compliance. Building code officials do receive training on the energy code. Chicago building code officials are required to attend energy code training, which is provided by the state energy code compliance and training program. Typically, a special training is set up for plans reviewers and building inspectors, and is also provided by the State Energy Code program. 

The City of Chicago has a Registered Energy Professional program, among other enforcement mechanisms. This is new since the 2015 scorecard. Upon submittal of the building permit application, which also includes the submittal of building plans, project applicants are required to have a Registered Energy Professional (REP) review the plans to confirm compliance with the current energy code. The REP program is mandatory for all projects requiring a permit that are subject to the energy code. In addition, field inspectors are responsible for verifying compliance during on-site inspections.

Extensive training and other resources are provided by the State of Illinois’ Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, which provides statewide energy code training and resources. Some of the resources provided include free trainings, an ‘ask the expect’ service, code interpretations, and other tech tips for builders. The City of Chicago helps to promote these materials and trainings to the local community of developers, owners, and tradespeople.

Last Updated: January 2017

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Green Building Requirements

The Chicago Sustainable Development Policy includes green building requirements for residential, institutional, industrial, commercial, and existing building/landmarked building projects, and applies to projects receiving financial assistance and non-financial assistance. Under the city's Sustainable Development Policy, any commercial projects receiving assistance or in a Planned Development Zone must meet LEED Silver certification or better and must also have a green roof.

The Chicago Sustainable Development Policy requires projects receiving financial assistance and needing special approvals to include sustainable elements, including green roofs and LEED certification.This policy has been implemented since 2004 and has resulted in Chicago being a global leader in the green roof movement and in the number of LEED certified buildings.

Other above-code items include a cool roof requirement in the energy code, which has been in place since 2001.

Residential buildings are not subject to green building requirements.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Chicago does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Chicago offers the Green Permit Program for commercial building projects aiming to achieve a certain level of energy efficiency. For residential construction, Chicago offers rebates through the Chicago Retrofit Residential Partnership.

The City’s Neighborhood Improvement Program, financed using TIF funds, are used in 1-4 unit buildings to make qualified exterior repairs, limited interior improvements, and select energy efficiency upgrades. Also, any project that receives TIF financing must adhere to the requirements of the Sustainable Development Policy.

Last Updated: January 2017

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Benchmarking Policy - Commercial and Residential

The Chicago Energy Use Benchmarking Ordinance requires commercial and residential buildings greater than 50,000 square feet to benchmark using Portfolio Manager, verify the data, and make the information transparent to the city. Covered buildings must comply by providing annual reports to the City. Every three years, benchmarking data must be verified by a trained professional. This ordinance was adopted in September 2013, implemented shortly thereafter, and the reporting schedule began in June 2014. This ordinance is enforced by the commissioner of the City’s Department of Business Affairs and Consumer Protection, and non-compliance holds a daily fine. The aggregated benchmarking data is made available to the public on an annual basis, and building-specific data is released to the public after the second year that a property reports under the ordinance.

The ordinance is now fully implemented and all properties covered by the ordinance were required to report by June 1, 2016. Some properties were also required to comply in 2015 or 2014, since properties were phased-in by building size and sector.

Chicago offers training and guidance to building owners through a full time help center hotline. Chicago also worked with local utilities to ensure access to whole-building energy use data for buildings with multiple tenants, simplifying the process of data collection. Also, at the time of sale realtors can access home energy cost transparency reports which they are then required to provide to home purchasers. 

The multiple listing service serving Chicago includes fields for energy efficiency features of homes listed on the market.

Training/guidance through the city or state

Chicago offers benchmarking training and guidance to building owners through a full time help center hotline / email address. To date, the Help Center has facilitated over 10,000 email and phone interactions since 2014. Also, the City has worked with partners to offer 40 free trainings over the past 3 years.

Chicago also worked with local utilities to ensure access to whole-building energy use data for buildings with multiple tenants, simplifying the process of data collection.

Enforcement strategy for non-compliance or poor energy performance

This ordinance is enforced by the commissioner of the City’s Department of Business Affairs and Consumer Protection (BACP), and non-compliance holds a daily fine.

Energy use disclosure

All commercial and residential properties 50,000 square feet or greater are required to disclose energy use to the City of Chicago. The City of Chicago is then authorized to share the building-specific energy use information publicly after the 2nd year that a property reports to the City.

City database of energy use data

Currently, data are publicly available in a database (which can be downloaded) for the properties that were required to comply in 2014 and again in 2015. The data are available on two platforms: City of Chicago's Data Portal and Chicago Building Energy Performance Map. Realtors to access home energy cost transparency reports.

Additional analysis of building energy use data are provided in the City’s annual energy benchmarking reports, which have been published in 2014 and 2015.

Energy efficiency features in local MLS

Midwest Real Estate Data (Chicago’s MLS) provide a number of green fields, including:

  • HERS Index Score
  • ENERGY STAR Score/Certification
  • LEED Certification
  • NAHB Certification
  • Green features, including PV, solar hot water, geothermal, low flow commodes, air exchanges, etc.

Last Updated: January 2017

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 15 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Commonwealth Edison (ComEd), an investor-owned utility (IOU) is the primary electric service provider for the City of Chicago. Peoples Gas, an IOU, is Chicago’s primary natural gas supplier. To help Commonwealth Edison and Peoples Gas reach the state EERS target, the City of Chicago is an active promoter of energy efficiency programs. Currently, the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) receives 25% of total funding for energy efficiency programs raised by utility tariffs to administer public-sector and low-income energy efficiency offerings. Beginning in 2018, responsibility for these programs will shift to electric and natural gas utilities. On the state level, Chicago strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The State of Illinois requires energy efficiency program spending and energy savings targets for its utilities through an EERS. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Illinois page of the State Database.

The Chicago Department of Water Management is the municipal utility which provides Chicago with drinking water services and stormwater management. The utilities partner to run some efficiency programs, as well as run some independently. The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRD) is the regional wastewater treatment utility and also coordinates stormwater management in Cook County.

Last Updated: January 2017

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2015, according to ComEd, they achieved 1,122,656 MWh in net incremental savings, representing 1.29% of retail sales. To achieve these savings, ComEd spent $200,046,576 on electric efficiency programs in 2015, which amounts to 4.77% of annual revenue. In 2015, Peoples Gas reported savings of 8.14 MMtherms from natural gas efficiency programs, representing 0.91% of its retail sales. In 2015, Peoples Gas also spent $14,387,769 on natural gas efficiency programs, which are normalized to $18.32 per residential customer. Spending on electricity and natural gas represented in this section covers the entire Illinois service territory, not just Chicago. ComEd offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. Peoples Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

The city promotes energy efficiency programs and other rebate and incentives under Retrofit Chicago and the new Smart Grid Program in partnership with ComEd and Peoples Gas. Retrofit Chicago is marketed by city staff and non-profit partners through neighborhood outreach and engagement including community workshops, educational materials, and online resources. The Smart Grid Program is coordinating citywide outreach on smart meters and energy efficiency by visiting community service centers, community events, and holding workshops at Chicago Public Libraries, senior centers, and other locations to share information. Natural Gas programs also fall under Retrofit Chicago and are promoted in conjunction with electric utility incentives, engaging with both residential and commercial customers.

Last Updated: January 2017

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

The Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity’s (DCEO) Illinois Energy Now program provides a portfolio of electric and natural gas efficiency programs administered by the State, targeting households at 80% of the area median income. Section 8-103 of the Public Utilities Act directs ComEd and Peoples Natural Gas to coordinate with DCEO regarding the implementation of these programs. The program provides upgrades including but not limited to lighting equipment, HVAC equipment, gas equipment, variable speed drivers, kitchen equipment, and waste water treatment aeration systems. ComEd partners with the Hispanic Housing Development Corporation, Latin United Community Housing Association (LUCHA), and The Resurrection Project—as well as local aldermen and officials—to do outreach among affordable-housing residents in largely Latino neighborhoods in Chicago.

Multifamily Programs

Commonwealth Edison offers the Multi-Family Energy Assessment Program. This comprehensive program provides free energy assessments and no-cost direct install of energy-saving measures to help reduce energy usage in multifamily tenant units.

Peoples Gas also offers the Multi-Family Program. This comprehensive program offers free energy assessments for multifamily building owners and no-cost direct install of high efficiency showerheads, faucet aerators, programmable thermostats, pipe insulation and compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs). Rebates for additional energy-saving equipment are also available.

Last Updated: January 2017

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

In order for customers to access their own energy data, ComEd makes use of the Green Button data sharing platform through the online dashboard, My Energy Tools. In order to assist large building managers with accessing aggregated energy data for building benchmarking, ComEd and Peoples Gas provide automatic data entry into Portfolio Manager. Peoples Gas also provides a free whole-building energy aggregation service to assist large buildings in accessing aggregated data for energy benchmarking. Additionally, ComEd created its own automated benchmark service called Energy Usage Data Tool, which provides multi-tenant commercial and multifamily buildings managers with aggregate energy use data.

Chicago has established a data-sharing agreement with ComEd and Peoples gas to collect aggregate community-level electricity usage data and provide this data online. Through this partnership, the city released a public open database of average citywide energy use by census block. Using this data, the city also launched a visualization tool, the Energy Map, an initiative that helps residents better understand their home energy use. Chicagoans can enter their address and see how their energy usage compares against other blocks in their neighborhood or citywide. The City of Chicago continues to advocate for polices that require their utilities to expand the availability and granularity of energy usage data.

Last Updated: January 2017

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

Although Chicago’s water and energy utilities do not run joint water and energy efficiency programs, Chicago’s city-run MeterSave program provides significant incentives to the community. Through the MeterSave program, the city’s Department of Water Management supplies a free water meter to unmetered residents and business customers, and guarantees bills will be lower than the estimated rate for 7 years post installation. The City of Chicago also offers rain barrels and indoor or outdoor conservation kits to homeowners.

The City of Chicago has a goal to decrease water use by 2% annually, according to the Sustainable Chicago 2015 plan.  The City of Chicago also has a program to aggressively replace old water mains, thus reducing water loss from leaking pipes. Through Building a New Chicago, DWM is replacing 900 miles of water main—most of which are over 100 years old—over a 10-year period.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

Both the Department of Water Management (DWM) and Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRD) have extensive programs to increase energy efficiency across operations, and are pursuing energy efficiency initiatives. DWM is converting several steam-powered turbines and boilers at five pumping stations in the water distribution system to electricity, saving more than $6.4 million/year in energy costs, with additional savings from lower operating costs, and a greenhouse gas emission reduction of 75%. The conversion of the pumping stations from steam to electricity are part of the “Building a New Chicago” program. 

MWRD has also implemented a sewer thermal heat and cooling system to save energy at its water reclamation plant, where methane is also collected for electricity generation. Moreover, the MWRD operates several anaerobic digesters, generating up to one-third of its energy from the digestion process. A new project will divert 440 tons a day of food waste from the city of Chicago’s solid waste stream, feed it into the digesters at the Calumet treatment plant in Chicago, generate 160% more methane gas, and sell some of this gas back into the natural gas pipeline.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

In 2014, the city released a comprehensive Green Stormwater Infrastructure Strategy that aims to use green infrastructure investments to manage Chicago’s stormwater runoff. In 2014, under this plan, $50 million from the city’s capital budget was allocated over the next 5 years to fund green stormwater infrastructure projects on municipally-owned sites. Examples of initiatives include the city of Chicago’s Rain Ready program, which offers information and resources to help homes and businesses become rain ready and protected from flooding. The program also offers water conservation and efficiency information. The City provides free rain barrels as part of the MeterSave program as an incentive to install water meters and conserve water. The City’s Stormwater ordinance requires private property owners to provide onsite water infiltration for new and major developments, which strongly encourage green infrastructure projects. The City of Chicago’s Department of Forestry also has an extensive program to plant and protect trees throughout the city, with more than 26,000 trees planted since 2011. MWRD also has a stormwater management program with nineteen goals in place.

Last Updated: January 2017

Transportation
Score: 17 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Chicago is the Chicago Transit Authority. CTA also provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including train and bus service. The Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Chicago, and the surrounding counties. The City of Chicago Department of Transportation is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Location Efficiency List All

Chicago has adopted a Transit Oriented Development Ordinance. The city’s zoning ordinance includes parking reductions for development around transit stations, in some developments parking reduction can be zero. The city offers density bonuses and expedited review of parking requirements for developments choosing to locate in transit-oriented zones.

Last updated: January 2017

Mode Shift List All

Modal Share Targets

Chicago has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation. However,

Chicago's Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Agenda includes a variety of approaches to reduce VMT with the city. These include making Chicago the most bike and pedestrian friendly city in the country by adding up to 100 miles of new bicycle lanes, introducing bicycle sharing, and developing a pedestrian master plan.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Chicago, zipcar and Enterprise Carshare. Additionally, the city operates an internal car share program for city employees that utilize city-owned vehicles for work related transportation.The city is served by a bikesharing program, Divvy, with 300 operable stations, with residents and visitors taking over 2.7 million trips and traveling over 6 million miles.

Complete Streets

Chicago adopted its complete streets policy in 2006, Safe Streets for Chicago. The adoption of the policy encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects, ensuring safety for all in the public right-of-way.

Last updated: January 2017

Transit List All

The CTA and Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad transit systems that serve Chicago received $1,929,648,680 in total funding in 2015. This funding level is $265.75 per resident in the service territory of the agency. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 0.99 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Chicago’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 30, putting it in the second highest category (30-39) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient VehiclesList All

The Chicago Department of Transportation (City) administers Drive Clean Chicago, a program delivering incentives to alternative fuel projects in the six-county Chicago area. The current incentive funds available are Drive Clean Truck, Drive Clean Taxi and Drive Clean Station.  The Drive Clean Truck Voucher program is a point of sale discount program for the purchase or lease of electric and hybrid trucks and buses. The Drive Clean Taxi voucher program offers point of sale discounts on electric public passenger vehicles including taxis, transportation network providers and livery vehicles. Additionally, City of Chicago offers a 1-day easy permit process for installing electric vehicle charging stations. The city has 122 charging stations available for public use.

Last updated: January 2017

Freight List All

Chicago supports the CREATE program, which is a public-private partnership between the city, state, and the six class 1 railroads and two switching railroads serving the region: Metra and Amtrak. Project benefits include fewer delays, reduced congestion, cost savings, reduced air pollution and fuel savings. 

Smart freight

Chicago does not employ an internet-based application or service to coordinate freight transport.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

The Chicago Forward transportation plan and Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Agenda both include a variety of approaches to reduce VMT with the city. These include making Chicago the most bike and pedestrian friendly city in the country by adding up to 100 miles of new bicycle lanes, introducing bicycle sharing, and developing a pedestrian master plan. The City is also targeting improved transit ridership by incentivizing transit oriented development and adding bus rapid transit service. Chicago does not have a codified VMT reduction target in place.

Last updated: January 2017

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas List All

The Chicago zoning Ordinance incentivizes development at or near transit stations by offering reductions in minimum lot area, increases in height, reduction in parking and increases in floor area. In addition, the city lists energy efficient design and projects located near public transportation as selection criteria preferences in the Qualified Allocation Plan (QAP) for the allocation of 9% of Low-Income Housing Credits.

Last updated: January 2017