State and Local Policy Database

Knoxville

City Scorecard Rank

n/a

Knoxville, TN

48.50Scored out of 100Updated 10/2015
Local Government Operations
Score: 12 out of 15 points
Local Government Summary List All

Knoxville’s 2014 Energy and Sustainability Work Plan describes the city’s energy and climate strategies for its internal government operations.  Knoxville’s varied strategies work to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from municipal buildings and streetlights and reduce the fuel use and vehicle miles traveled of the municipal fleet. 

Last updated: October 2015

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

The city’s stated goals for its local government operations are to reduce greenhouse emissions 12% under 2005 levels by 2012, 15% by 2015, and 20% by 2020.  In 2012, the City Council passed a resolution adopting the 20% by 2020 energy reduction goal.

Last updated: October 2015

Performance Management Strategies List All

Knoxville updated its greenhouse gas emissions and energy inventory in 2014 which showed the city to be on track for its goals.  The city does not have a dedicated source of funding for implementation work toward its goals; funding for projects is on a case-by-case basis through grants or departmental operating funds.

Knoxville maintains a timeline of sustainability projects, including projects for internal operations, on its sustainability website and updates it annually to include the progress of projects and milestones the city has achieved.  Knoxville publicly shares its success in increasing energy efficiency in local government operations through its sustainability blog and website.  The city allocates funds within the Office of Sustainability budget for ongoing EM&V and operations and management of ESCO project. 

Knoxville has two fulltime employees working to implement energy efficiency projects in government operations. The city's energy service performance contract includes an employee education component geared to impact employees’ energy use behavior.  We did not find other information regarding whether Knoxville offers financial or non-financial incentives for energy efficiency actions to departments or individual staff.

Last updated: October 2015

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Knoxville’s Green Fleet Policy requires the city to consider vehicle fuel efficiency when making purchases.  Right-sizing and anti-idling provisions for the municipal fleet are also included in the Green Fleet Policy.  The city has installed 24 electric-vehicle charging stations that are also open to the public.

Last updated: October 2015

Public Lighting

Knoxville has an agreement with the Knoxville Utilities Board (KUB) that streetlighting retrofits and new construction include LEDs.  All of the city’s traffic lights have been retrofitted with LEDs. Streetlights are scheduled to operate for only the hours needed.

Last updated: October 2015

New Buildings and Equipment

Knoxville’s building construction policy requires all new municipal construction to meet ENERGY STAR or LEED certification. Knoxville developed the Green Purchasing Guide, which city government must adhere to, that recommends buying sustainable products when feasible and fiscally prudent.

Last updated: October 2015

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

Knoxville benchmarks 100% of municipal buildings and has done so since 2007.  The city entered into an energy performance contract with Ameresco in 2010 for municipal buildings.  Ameresco has since completed all retrofits under the scope of the 2010 contract.

Last updated: October 2015

Sustainable Infrastructure Policies

We did not find information on the existence of sustainable infrastructure policies.  Historically, the majority of the city's annual investment is in operation costs with a small percentage dedicated to new capital improvements, but the exact breakdown is unclear in terms of the percentage of the budget dedicated to maintenance as opposed to new infrastructure.

Last updated: October 2015

Public Employees

Knoxville is a partner in Smart Trips, a commuter incentive program that encourages teleworking and flexible schedules.  The city does not have formal policies in place, but teleworking and flex hours are arranged on a departmental basis. Both of these actions are planned to be part of a comprehensive commuter incentive program to deploy in 2014.  In 2015, the city launched a pilot benefits program offering free 20-ride bus passess to all employees. 

Last updated: October 2015

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 5 out of 10 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The sustainability team in the Policy and Communications Department of the Mayor’s Office leads the city’s implementation of its community-wide energy efficiency initiatives. The city identified a community-wide energy-related goal in its sustainability work plan and has urban heat island programs. 

 

Last Updated: October 2015

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

Knoxville’s Energy and Sustainability Work Plan sets a goal to reduce community-wide greenhouse gas emissions 20% below 2005 levels by 2020 although we cannot confirm the goal was adopted.  We did not collect information on the extent of stakeholder involvement in the setting of the goal.

Last updated: October 2015

Performance Management StrategiesList All

Two fulltime employees work to implement community-wide goals and funding for energy efficiency projects is on a case by case basis, either through grants or operating funds from city departments.  Knoxville updated its greenhouse gas emissions and energy inventory in 2014. Community emissions reductions are not on pace to achieve their goal of 20% reduction by 2020. The city does issue an annual Energy and Sustainability Work Plan that outlines progress towards energy efficiency goals and other sustainability initiatives. 

Last updated: October 2015

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

There is one district energy system in Knoxville, but we could not locate information on the system’s capacities.  Knoxville’s combined heat and power capacity is 5,000 kW, meaning that the CHP capacity per 100,000 residents is 2.8 MW.  None of the district energy systems integrate CHP.

Last updated: October 2013

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

Knoxville has a Tree Protection Ordinance and a tree management plan to increase the tree canopy and specific diversification.  Also, the Knoxville Utilities Board is installing cool roofs.

Last updated: October 2015

Buildings Policies
Score: 12 out of 29 points
Buildings Summary List All

Knoxville has some building sector initiatives to improve efficiency including an energy savings target and upfront code support. The Building Codes, Permits, and Inspections Department manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Knoxville.

Last Updated: October 2015

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

The State of Tennessee is home-ruled and allows local jurisdictions to adopt their own building codes. To learn more about the building energy codes in Tennessee, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

The City of Knoxville has adopted the 2012 IECC for commercial construction.

Residential

The City of Knoxville has adopted the 2012 IECC for residential construction.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Knoxville reported a budget of $2,468,000 for the building code department in 2013.We did not find information for the city's total spending on enforcement. Knoxville has not made third-party plan review or performance testing mandatory for code compliance, nor has it established either as a voluntary code compliance option. As upfront code support, Knoxville provides contractor training on building certifications and energy code updates.

Last Updated: October 2015

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Building Energy Savings Goals

Knoxville has not established a goal to reduce energy intensity across private building stock.

Green Building Requirements

Green building certification is included in scoring criteria for Tax Increment Financing (TIF) and PILOT, but there are no above code requirements for private building or buildings financed with public funds.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Knoxville does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Financing is available to qualifying residents that retrofit to energy certification standards.  TIF scoring is available for commercial buildings and favors buildings that achieve energy certification.

Last Updated: October 2015

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Knoxville encourages but does not require buildings in any sector to benchmark or disclose their energy usage data. The MLS which serves the Knoxville area does not include fields for energy efficiency features.

Last Updated: October 2015

Comprehensive Efficiency Services List All

Prudent Energy Systems provides homeowners in Knoxville with a Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program.

Last Updated: October 2015

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 6 out of 18 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

The Knoxville Utilities Board (KUB), a municipally-run utility, is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the city of Knoxville. The municipal energy utilities implement Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)-funded energy efficiency programs which are outlined in the TVA Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Tennessee page of the State Database.

KUB is also the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Knoxville.

Last Updated: October 2015

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

KUB reported 19,717 MWh of net incremental savings in 2013. This accounts for 0.37% of retail sales. In 2013, KUB either did not spend or did not report spending on natural gas efficiency programs. KUB offers natural gas and electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

Last Updated: January 2017

Energy Efficiency Targets & Funding Agreements List All

There is no established annual electric savings target for the municipal utility, KUB.

Last Updated: October 2015

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

The Knoxville Utilities Board does not participate in the Green Button. Currently, KUB does not automatically provide aggregated benchmarking data for Knoxville’s building managers through Portfolio Manager. KUB provides community-level aggregate energy usage data publically online for stakeholders to use in program planning and evaluating. At this point, The City of Knoxville does not yet advocate for policies requiring utilities to expand the availability and granularity of energy usage data.

Last Updated: October 2015

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

All Knoxville City facilities have water saving devices in place. KUB promotes national water efficiency programs on website as well as offers energy saving tips, but as of yet, there are no funded water efficiency programs in place. Knoxville has also not set a goal for water efficiency.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

KUB has no official target for energy efficiency through municipal water services operations.  KUB has installed energy retrofits such as a self-generation facility on the wastewater treatment plants.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

In Knoxville, stormwater is managed through form based codes, a complete streets policy, and tax increment finance language that drives new low-impact development and green infrastructure.  The city has captured two TDEC green infrastructure grants to install innovative stormwater measures. General capital funds are dedicated to these activities on a project by project basis.

Last Updated: October 2015

Transportation
Score: 13.5 out of 28 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the city of Knoxville is Knoxville Area Transit. KAT provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including bus and trolley service. The Knoxville Regional Transportation Planning Organization is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Knoxville, and many surrounding East Tennessee cities and towns. The Engineering Department is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network. As an incentive to promote location-efficient real estate development, Knoxville provides density bonuses in the form-based code districts.

Last updated: October 2015

Location Efficiency List All

Knoxville has not yet implemented location efficient zoning codes city wide, but there are form-based codes in the South Waterfront and Cumberland Corridor districts. Several projects have no minimum parking requirements for nonresidential use. Knoxville adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Resolution R-287-09. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Last updated: October 2015

Mode Shift List All

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Knoxville has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Knoxville, zipcar. A bike sharing program is in the planning stages. 

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Knoxville has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: October 2015

Transit List All

The KAT transit system that serves Knoxville received $34,086,340 in total funding in 2013. This funding level is $190.56 per resident in the service territory of the agency. This results in a ratio of per capita regional transit funding to per capita city highway and parking funding of 3.51 to 1.

The Transit Connectivity Index measures how many transit rides are available per week within walking distance from the average household. The City of Knoxville’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 6,589, putting it in a lower category (5,000 - 10,000) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: October 2015

Efficient Vehicles and Driver Behavior List All

Knoxville offers free public charging stations, but does not yet offer incentives for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure.

Knoxville has not yet established efficient driving rules, such as an anti-idling ordinance, for private vehicles. Knoxville actively participates in the East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in East-Tennessee transportation.

Last updated: October 2015

Freight List All

There are four intermodal freight facilities within the City of Knoxville’s boundaries.  Knoxville’s share of regional freight traffic in 2011, normalized by population, is 1,047 ton-miles.  As a result there are 0.001 efficient intermodal facilities per thousand ton-miles of freight traffic, putting the city in the second lowest category for this metric (>0 to 0.499) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: October 2015