State and Local Policy Database

Commercial Code

Mandatory commercial building codes require a minimum level of energy efficiency for new commercial buildings. The Department of Energy estimates that between 1992 and 2012, commercial codes resulted in cumulative energy savings of 2.8 quads. They project that an additional 24.5 quads will be saved through 2040 due to residential building energy codes.

The Alabama Energy and Residential Code (AERC) Board recently adopted the 2015 Alabama Commercial Energy Code, based on ASHRAE 90.1-2013. The update commercial code took effect January 1, 2016. Local jurisdictions may adopt more stringent codes.

Last Updated: June 2016

Alaska has no statewide commercial building code, but all public facilities must comply with the thermal and lighting energy standards adopted by the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities mandated by AS44.42020 (a) (14).

Last Updated: June 2016

Arizona is a home-rule state, meaning that codes are adopted and enforced on a local rather than state level. However, the Southwest Energy Efficiency Project has found that the majority of new construction activity occurs in jurisdictions who have adopted the 2012 IECC. In addition, all state-funded buildings constructed after February 11, 2005 must achieve LEED Silver certification and meet the energy standards of ASHRAE 90.1-2004 as mandated by Executive Order 2005-05. 

Last Updated: September 2016

The Arkansas Energy Code for New Building Construction is mandatory state-wide for both residential and commercial buildings. The commercial energy code is based on the 2009 IECC with amendments. This code became effective on January 1, 2015. Newly constructed or remodeled public buildings must comply with ASHRAE 90.1-2007.

Last Updated: June 2016

The 2013 Building Energy Efficiency Standards, effective July 1, 2014, are mandatory statewide and exceed ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2010 for commercial buildings. The 2016 Building Energy Efficiency Standards, were adopted in June 2015, effective January 1, 2017, and are expected to exceed ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2013 for commercial buildings. California’s voluntary reach standards, which local governments are encouraged to adopt as mandatory, are adopted in the 2013 California Green Building Standards – Tier I and Tier II, effective July 1, 2014.  The 2016 reach standards were adopted in October 2015, effective January 1, 2017. They establish updated Tier I and II reach standards that local governments consider for adoption as local ordinances.

Last Updated: June 2016

The 2003 IECC is a mandatory minimum for jurisdictions that have adopted a code previously. Jurisdictions that have not adopted or enforced codes are exempt from the 2003 IECC requirement, although the 2012 IECC is mandatory for all factory-built and multi-family structures – commercial and residential – in areas that do not adopt or enforce buildings codes.

Last Updated: June 2016

In 2009, the state of Connecticut adopted the target code IECC 2009 pursuant to PA 09-192, with the new code going into effect on October 7, 2011. PA 09-192 requires the incorporation of the 2012 IECC within 18 months of its publication. The Department of Administrative Services, Office of the State Building Inspector, in conjunction with the Codes & Standards Committee, has released a notice of intent to adopt the 2016 Connecticut Fire Safetey Code, including the 2012 IECC, and is expected to implement the code by October 2016. Connecticut’s High Performance Building standards also require state-owned new construction or renovation projects to meet energy performance standards that are 21% better than the most current Connecticut state building energy code.

Last Updated: September 2016

Commercial construction in Delaware must comply with ASHRAE 90.1-2010. The state is currently reviewing ASHRAE 90.1-2013 and anticipates adoption by May 2017. Residential and commercial codes are reviewed triennially by the Delaware Energy Office within the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.

Last Updated: September 2016

Washington DC's energy codes are mandatory across the District. For commercial buildings, builders must again comply with the 2013 DC Energy Conservation Code, which is based on ASHRAE 90.1-2010 and 2012 IECC-Commercial. The District also has a Green Construction Code that enhances energy efficiency requirements in addition to the energy code.  It applies to all commercial construction projects 10,000 square feet and larger and all residential projects that are 10,000 square feet and larger and four stories or higher.

Last Updated: June 2016

Effective June 30, 2015, Florida law requires that commercial buildings comply with the 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 5th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation consists of the foundation code 2012 IECC with significant Florida-specific amendments to maintain per statute efficiencies already in the Florida code. The FBC certified in letters to the U.S. DOE that the new code meets or exceeds 2012 IECC standards. Compliance with the code is mandatory for all new construction including alteration to existing buildings.

Last Updated: June 2016

On January 1, 2011, the 2011 Georgia State Minimum Standard Energy Code became effective statewide as approved by the Georgia Department of Community Affairs on November 3, 2010. The commercial codes reference ASHRAE 90.1-2007. The state also adopted the 2011 Georgia State Minimum Residential Green Building Standard, based on the 2008 National Green Building Standard (NGBS) with 2011 Georgia Amendments, as an optional code. It is available for local government adoption and enforcement.

Last Updated: June 2016

In July 2015, the Hawaii State Building Code Council adopted the 2015 IECC with state-specific amendments. The new codes took effect on July 1, 2015. However, until each county adopts the 2015 IECC, the counties of Hawaii, Maui, and Honolulu enforce the 2006 IECC; Kauai, the 2009 IECC. 

Last Updated: June 2016

Effective January 1, 2015, the 2012 IECC became mandatory statewide for commercial new construction, with reference to ASHRAE 90.1-2010.

Last Updated: June 2016

By law Illinois is required to adopt the latest IECC, although the Capital Development Board may recommend amendments. Current code, effective January 2016, requires commercial construction to meet 2015 IECC standards with reference to ASHRAE 90.1-2013. 

Last Updated: June 2016

The Indiana Energy Conservation Code is state-developed and mandatory statewide. For commercial buildings (commercial and residential buildings with three or more dwelling units) the code references ASHRAE standard 90.1-2007 as of May 6, 2010. Executive Order 08-14, signed by Governor Mitch Daniels on June 28, 2008, requires all new state buildings to earn LEED silver certification.

Last Updated: June 2016

The Iowa State Energy code is mandatory statewide for commercial buildings, although jurisdictions are free to adopt stricter codes. As of March 2014, commercial buildings must comply with the 2012 IECC, with reference to ASHRAE 90.1 – 2010 with state-specific amendments. The state is in the process of holding public meetings to adopt the 2015 IECC.

Last Updated: June 2016

Kansas is a home-rule state and thus has no statewide commercial building code. In April 2007, the 2006 IECC became the applicable standard for new commercial and industrial structures. However, jurisdictions in the state are not required to adopt the code.

Last Updated: June 2016

As of October 1, 2014, projects constructed under the 2013 Kentucky Building Code (KBC) must comply with the 2012 IECC and ASHRAE 90.1-2010.

Last Updated: June 2016

Effective July 2011, ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 applies to all private commercial buildings built or remodeled as well as state-owned construction. 

Last Updated: June 2016

The Maine Uniform Building and Energy Code (MUBEC) was established legislatively in April 2008 through P.L. 699, setting the 2009 IECC and ASHRAE 90.1-2007 as the mandatory for commercial and public buildings statewide, effective June 1, 2010 with a six-month transition period. In 2011, P.L. 408 changed mandatory enforcement requirements for the Maine Uniform Building and Energy Code (MUBEC) to municipalities with populations over 4,000 starting December 1, 2010 for municipalities that had existing building codes and December 1, 2012 for municipalities that did not have existing building codes. For municipalities with a population less than 4,000 enforcement of the statewide code is voluntary. This change means that 89 of Maine’s 533 municipalities (based on 2010 census data) are required to provide enforcement of energy codes, representing 60% of the state’s residential population. The Technical Codes and Standards Board is currently working on the adoption of the 2013 versions of ASHRAE 62.1, 62.2, and 90.1.

Last Updated: June 2016

Effective January 1, 2015, the 2015 Maryland Building Performance Standards are mandatory statewide and reference the 2015 ICC Codes, including the 2015 IECC, for all new and renovated commercial buildings. § 12-503 of the Maryland Code requires the Department of Housing and Community Development to adopt the most recent version of the IECC twelve (12) months after it is issued and may adopt energy conservation requirements that are more stringent than the codes, but may not adopt energy conservation requirements that are less stringent. Each locality in the state must adopt and begin enforcement of the code within 12 months of state adoption. All counties and Baltimore City have adopted and are enforcing the 2012 IECC.

Last Updated: June 2016

Massachusetts is in the process of adopting the 2015 IECC and ASHRAE standard 90.1-2013 as the baseline energy code.  The IECC 2015 and ASHRAE standard 90.1-2013 adoption has an expected effective date between July 1, 2016 and January 1, 2017. Until the IECC 2015 and ASHRAE 90.1-2013 takes effect the energy code remains the 2012 IECC and ASHRAE 90.1-2010, with state-specific amendments. The MA amendments add a HERS compliance path for units that receive a HERS rating of 65 or less, and a compliance path for buildings that use the Passive House software (PHPP). Massachusetts has achieved broad adoption of the 2009 MA Stretch Energy Code. It is currently adopted in 162 towns and cities representing over 50% of the state population. The 2015 stretch code requires new commercial buildings over 100,000 square feet and new supermarkets, laboratories and conditioned warehouses over 40,000 square feet to demonstrate energy use per square foot at least 10% below ASHRAE 90.1-2013 using Appendix G on either a site or source energy basis.

Last Updated: July 2016

The 2009 Michigan Uniform Energy Code became effective March 9, 2011 and is mandatory statewide for residential and commercial buildings. Commercial buildings are required to comply with ASHRAE 90.1-2007. The state has begun the process of updating the commercial building energy code to the ASHRAE 90.1-2013 standard, which will likely go into effect in 2017. 

Last Updated: July 2016

Minnesota's commercial building code is mandatory statewide. The commercial energy code is consistent with ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010 and /or the 2012 IECC. It went into effect June 2, 2015.

Last Updated: June 2016

Mississippi is a home-rule state, although its commercial energy codes are mandatory statewide. In the 2013 Regular Session, the Mississippi Legislature passed and Governor Bryant signed laws setting the mandatory energy code standard for commercial and state-owned buildings as ASHRAE 90.1-2010, which took effect on July 1, 2013. Jurisdictions can adopt more stringent codes.

Last Updated: June 2016

Missouri is a home-rule state and thus has no mandatory state-wide codes. As of July 1, 2015, state-owned commercial buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC. Executive Order 09-18, issued in 2009, requires that “all new state construction, buildings being constructed for lease by the state, and significant renovations and replacement of energy-using equipment shall be at least as stringent as the most recent energy efficiency standards of the IECC.” In response to the Executive Order, the Office of Administration, Division of Facilities Management, Design and Construction (OA-FMDC) developed and adopted a State Building Energy Efficiency Design Standard (BEEDS). Missouri maintains a database of building code adoptions in local jurisdictions. Approximately 50% of the state’s population is covered by the 2009 or 2012 IECC or equivalent codes.

Last Updated: June 2016

Montana's commercial building code, codified in ARM Title 24, Chapter 301.160, is mandatory statewide. The commercial building code requires compliance with the 2012 IECC with amendments or ASHRAE 90.1-2010.

Last Updated: June 2016

Nebraska is a home-rule state, but its commercial energy code, referred to as the Nebraska Energy Code (NEC), is mandatory statewide. Commercial buildings must comply with the 2009 IECC with reference to ASHRAE 90.1 – 2007, with amendments. Local jurisdictions can adopt any code that is more stringent than the NEC, and two municipalities have adopted the 2012 IECC: Gretna and Fremont. The Energy Office has conducted a study on the impact of the 2015 IECC, and is awaiting the final report.

Last Updated: June 2016

On July 1, 2015, the 2012 IECC became mandatory for commercial buildings, with ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 as an acceptable compliance path. While the code is not enforced statewide, a significant number of localities have adopted it. Las Vegas has not adopted commercial energy codes in recent years. Local jurisdictions are not allowed to adopt less-efficient energy codes. 

Last Updated: September 2016

Effective April 1, 2010, the New Hampshire State Building Code for commercial buildings is based on the 2009 IECC with references to ASHRAE 90.1-2007. The code is mandatory statewide. The NH Building Code Review Board is currently reviewing the 2015 IECC.

Last Updated: July 2016

The 2015 New Jersey Uniform Construction Code for residential and commercial buildings is mandatory statewide as of September 2015. The commercial codes are based on ASHRAE 90.1-2013.

Last Updated: July 2016

The 2009 New Mexico Energy Conservation Code (NMECC) is based on the 2009 IECC with state-specific amendments for commercial building codes. ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 is an acceptable compliance path through Chapter 5 of the 2009 IECC. All areas of the state are covered by local building jurisdictions and must meet or exceed the state minimum code. Because localities are permitted to adopt stretch codes, the City of Santa Fe and Town of Taos have adopted more stringent building codes.

Last Updated: July 2016

In March 2016, the New York State Fire Prevention and Building Code Council updated the 2016 Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York (ECCCNYS 2016), incorporating the 2015 IECC, ASHRAE 90.1-2013, and 2016 Energy Code Supplement. Effective October 3, 2016, commercial buildings will need to comply with the 2015 IECC or ASHRAE 90.1-2013.

Last Updated: July 2016

The 2012 North Carolina Energy Conservation Code (NCECC) is mandatory statewide for commercial buildings. The commercial code is based on the 2009 IECC, with substantial strengthening amendments and also references ASHRAE 90.1-2010.

Last Updated: July 2016

North Dakota is a home rule state and has no statewide mandatory energy codes. Approximately 83% of the state’s population lives in a jurisdiction that has adopted the ND State Building Code which includes the 2009 IECC.

Last Updated: July 2016

Ohio's commercial energy code is mandatory statewide and references both the 2009 IECC and ASHRAE 90.1-2007. However, the state is in the process of adopting the 2012 IECC and ASHRAE 90.1-2010 for commercial construction.

Last Updated: September 2016

Oklahoma has in place mandatory statewide building codes for commercial buildings. In June 2009, the Oklahoma Legislature passed a bill (SB 1182) creating the Oklahoma Uniform Building Code Commission (OUBCC) that reviews and recommends building codes for residential and commercial construction for adoption (BCAP 2012). Beginning in October 2010, the Commission held several meetings discussing code change proposals. In January 2012 the OUBCC submitted recommendations for approval by the Oklahoma legislature to adopt several of the 2009 ICC Code editions, including the 2009 IBC. The recommended code was approved by the Oklahoma Legislature and the Governor and went into effect November 1, 2012. 

Last Updated: September 2016

The 2014 Oregon Energy Efficiency Specialty Code used the 2010 Oregon Energy Efficiency Specialty code as a base document, and new amendments made strengthening the 2010 OEESC, including updating lighting power density tables to equal to ASHRAE 90.1-2013 where the 2010 OEESC did not already meet or exceed 90.1-2013. 2010 OEESC was equivalent in stringency to 2012 IECC (and ASHRAE 90.1-2010) regarding the commercial provisions. With the commercial building updates incorporated into 2014 OEESC, Oregon’s energy code is expected to be within plus or minus 2% of ASHRAE 90.1-2013. Independent energy modeling results are not yet available; modification of the PNNL baseline models requires extensive reworking of the Oregon models.

Last Updated: July 2016

Pennsylvania's commercial energy code is mandatory statewide. Commercial buildings must comply with the 2009 IECC, with reference to ASHRAE 90.1 – 2007. All 2,562 jurisdictions have mandatory building energy codes for residential and commercial construction.

Last Updated: July 2016

On July 1, 2013, Rhode Island formally adopted the 2012 IECC for commercial buildings, with state-specific amendments. The code went into effect on October 1, 2013 and is mandatory statewide. While Rhode Island is a home rule state, towns are not permitted to adopt a code that is different from the state's. In 2013, Rhode Island mandated that all state buildings adhere to the International Green Construction Code. While there is no current stretch code, as part of the Rhode Island’s Energy Efficiency Procurement Plan, a Building Codes & Standards Initiative has been approved by the RI Public Utilities Commission, and a stated feature is the development of a “stretch” code targeting “15% more energy than buildings constructed according to the prevailing path.” This effort is being pursued in conjunction with the RI Building Code Commission and the RI Builder’s Association.

Issued in December, 2015, Executive Order 15-17 directs the Office of Energy Resources to coordinate with the Energy Efficiency and Resource Management Council, National Grid, and the Green Building Advisory Committee to establish a voluntary aspirational or stretch building code based on the International Green Construction Code or equivalent by 2017. The group aims to develop a draft commercial stretch code by December 31, 2016 and formalize the adoption of the code by July 1, 2017.

Last Updated: September 2016

On January 1, 2013, the 2013 South Carolina Energy Standard became effective. The commercial provisions reference the 2009 IECC as well, including that code’s reference to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 as an alternative compliance path. Local jurisdictions may adopt more stringent energy codes.

Last Updated: July 2016

South Dakota has no mandatory statewide energy codes for commercial construction. Codes are adopted by jurisdiction voluntarily. For commercial construction, ASHRAE 90.1 or IECC compliance is required by reference in the 2012 IBC, which is the mandatory statewide commercial building standard in state law unless local jurisdictions have either opted out of it or specifically adopted another code.

Last Updated: July 2016

Tennessee is a home rule state, which gives jurisdictions the power to adopt codes. Under Tennessee statute, all local jurisdictions must adopt a residential energy code that is within seven years of the currently adopted State energy code, but they may also opt out of adoption with a two-thirds majority vote of the local governing body. In addition, local jurisdictions cannot be required to adopt a local code that is more stringent than the one adopted by the State but may voluntarily choose to adopt an updated code version. If opting out, the vote must be completed after each local election cycle. To date, 80 of 468 jurisdictions, including both municipalities and counties have opted out. Roughly 88% of the state population resides in jurisdictions that either participate in the State Residential Building Program or have adopted their own mandatory residential building codes that are within 7 years of the State Residential Building Code.

The Tennessee State Fire Marshal’s within the Department of Commerce and Insurance (C&I) adopts and enforces state building codes. On August 19, 2015, C&I conducted a rulemaking hearing to adopt the 2012 IECC for commercial and state-owned buildings. The permanent rules were filed with the Secretary of State on May 6, 2016. By adopting the 2012 IECC, except for four types of small factory facilities, for all commercial buildings, including State buildings, it was determined that there was not a specific need to adopt the ASHRAE 90.1-2010.  The 2012 IECC allows a professional designer to utilize ASHRAE standards instead of the IECC standards, if so determined by the professional designer.  Either the 2012 IECC or ASHRAE 90.1-2010 will therefore be acceptable to C&I during the plans review and inspection process.  

Last Updated: July 2016

Texas' building codes are mandatory for commercial construction. Effective November 1, 2016, commercial and multi-family buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC. Effective June 1, 2016, State-funded buildings must meet the ASHRAE 90.1 – 2013 standard. For all buildings, jurisdictions can choose to adopt more stringent standards.

Last Updated: July 2016

Utah’s Uniform Building Code (UUBC) for commercial building energy codes is mandatory statewide. Effective July 1, 2016, commercial construction must comply with the 2015 IECC. While localities may adopt stretch codes, it is a difficult process to do so. As a result, none have adopted stretch codes.

Last Updated: July 2016

Vermont’s commercial building energy code is mandatory statewide. Effective March 1, 2015, the RBES references the 2015 IECC with Vermont-specific amendments. ASHRAE 90.1-2013 is accepted as an alternate compliance path. The state is required by statute to update its codes every three years. 

Vermont is in the process of developing Commercial Stretch Energy Standards that will be used for Act 250 projects.

Last Updated: July 2016

Virginia’s Uniform Statewide Building Code (USBC) is mandatory statewide for commercial buildings. Commercial buildings must comply with the 2012 IECC, with reference to ASHRAE 90.1-2010. The state is currently reviewing the 2015 IECC. 

Last Updated: July 2016

The 2015 Washington State Energy Code is a state-developed code that is mandatory statewide. The 2015 version of the commercial code is developed using a “best of” approach, selecting from ASHRAE 90.1-2013 and the 2015 IECC. HVAC systems, lighting power and additional efficiency package options have been further modified to achieve additional energy savings. The City of Seattle adopts an energy code that achieves greater savings than the Washington State Energy Code.

The Washington State Code Develpment Group was awarded the Jeffery A. Johson Award, in part to recognize our recent accomplishments. 

Last Updated: July 2016

West Virginia's commercial building code is mandatory statewide; however, adoption by jurisdictions is voluntary. The 2013 West Virginia Legislature passed a bill updating the state’s building energy code to follow ASHRAE 90.1-2007 for commercial buildings. The new commercial code became effective September 1, 2013.

Last Updated: July 2016

The Wisconsin Commercial code adopts the 2009 IECC also with amendments found in SPS Chapter 363 as addressed in SPS 361.05 (issued and administered by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services).  These amendments allow ASHRAE or ASTM testing for thermal performance of materials.  State amendments also require more restrictive economizer thresholds for roof-top-units: remove a requirement for heat traps for water heating systems and remove pool covers requirements due to potential chemical gas exposures. Recently enacted 2013 Wisconsin Act 270 no longer allows for municipalities to have more or less restrictive requirements. The state is reviewing a draft commercial code that references the 2015 IECC/ASHRAE 90.1-2013 and is expected to go into effect in spring 2017.

Last Updated: September 2016

Wyoming's commercial building code is voluntary. Known as the ICBO Uniform Building Code, it is based on the 1989 MEC and may be adopted and enforced by local jurisdictions. Some jurisdictions have adopted more stringent codes than the voluntary standard: the 8 most populated cities and counties in Wyoming have an energy code that meets or exceeds the IECC 2006 or equivalent.

Last Updated: July 2016