State and Local Policy Database

Missouri

State Scorecard Rank

32

Missouri

13.5Scored out of 50Updated 9/2016
State Government
Score: 5 out of 7
State Government Summary List All

Missouri offers several loans for energy efficiency investments, a personal tax deduction for home energy audits and energy efficiency improvements, and PACE financing. The state government leads by example by setting energy requirements for public buildings and fleets and encouraging the use of energy savings performance contracts. Researched focused on energy efficiency takes place at two institutions in the state.

Financial Incentives List All

Financial Incentive information for Missouri is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE Missouriand State Energy Office contacts. Information about additional incentives not present on DSIRE is listed here. In addition to the state-funded incentives on DSIRE and below, Missouri has enabled Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing and has several active programs. For additional information on PACE, visit PACENation.

Missouri Linked Deposit Program: The State Treasury partners with lending institutions to provide low-interest loans that may be used for energy efficiency measures through building renovations, repairs and maintenance or purchase of equipment and facilities for businesses, farming operations and multifamily housing.

Last Updated: July 2016

Building Energy Disclosure List All

At Governor Nixon’s request, the Division of Energy developed a voluntary Missouri Home Energy Certification that identifies and recognizes energy efficient new and existing homes in Missouri. It is designed to help homeowners convey the invested value of energy efficient measures in their homes to potential buyers. The Division of Energy worked with the Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance and convened stakeholder group meetings gathering input on the criteria and design of the certification that includes home energy ratings and highly efficient energy assets based on the 2012 IECC. The MHEC rolled out on February 20, 2015.

Last Updated: July 2016

Public Building Requirements List All

In 1993 Missouri enacted legislation requiring life-cycle cost analysis for all new construction of state buildings and substantial renovations of existing state buildings when major energy systems are involved. Substantial renovations involve projects that will affect at least 50% of the building's square footage or cost at least 50% of its market value.

Signed in 2008, Senate Bill 1181 requires that by July 1, 2009, all design for state buildings over 5,000 square feet involving new construction or substantial renovation and any building over 5,000 square feet considered for purchase or lease by a state agency shall comply with the minimum energy efficiency standard. The act also set the minimum energy efficiency standard so that it is at least as stringent as the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (2006 IECC), or the latest version of the Code rather than the current standard of American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.

Governor Nixon signed Executive Order 09-18 in 2009 which mandated that all state agencies adopt policies designed to reduce energy consumption by 2% each year for the following 10 years. Additionally, the order requires that all new construction projects by agencies whose buildings are managed by the Office of Administration must be at least as stringent as the most recent International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). In response to the Executive Order, the Office of Administration, Division of Facilities Management, Design and Construction developed and adopted a State Building Energy Efficiency Design Standard. Since 2009, the Office of Administration has worked with Missouri state agencies to successfully reduce energy consumption by 22.51 percent at an annualized rate of 4.45 percent per year; more than double the target of two percent per year laid out in an executive order signed by the Governor in 2009. 

As of July 1, 2015, state-owned commercial buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC, pursuant to Section 8.812 RSMo.’s requirement that “Such standard shall be at least as stringent as the International Energy Conservation Code 2006, or the latest version thereof.” 

In 2012, Missouri was awarded an SEP Competitive Grant titled “Reinvigorating Missouri’s State Facilities Energy Conservation Program” that includes whole building retrofits to achieve 20% or greater energy savings in at least 50% of the Office of Administration’s (OA) state-owned and operated buildings.  Another component of this grant’s activities will be a review and verification of the OA’s existing comprehensive inventory of facilities under its jurisdiction. Using OA’s Missouri State Energy Portal and Utility Dashboard, energy consumption across OA’s building stock was benchmarked at the 2008 calendar year and is being used to track energy reduction and cost savings on a monthly basis. Sixty five Missouri state government facilities with a cumulative square footage of approximately 11 million square feet have been benchmarked by the Division of Energy in partnership with the Office of Administration as part of a DOE SEP Competitive grant (2012-2015). Current benchmarking represents approximately 50% of square footage managed by the Office of Administration and the Department of Corrections. 

Last Updated: July 2016

Fleets List All

Fuel Conservation for State Vehicles, Sections 414.400 - 414.417 RSMo, (in place since 1999) and the Federal Energy Policy Act establish opportunities for Missouri state agencies to manage transportation fuel consumption and promote the use of clean domestic alternative fuels.  The Missouri statute seeks to increase the average fuel efficiency of the state fleet and increase the use of cleaner alternative transportation fuels in state vehicles. Each state agency, with assistance from the Department of Natural Resources (Division of Energy), shall develop and implement a vehicle fleet energy conservation plan for the purposes of reducing vehicle fuel consumption (414.403, RSMo). The Division of Energy and the Office of Administration are required to develop and implement a program to manage and progressively reduce state agency vehicle fleet consumption.  Guidelines must be developed, updated and revised every two years that require the overall vehicle fleet fuel efficiency for each agency to meet or exceed the fuel efficiency that would be achieved if each vehicle in the agency's fleet met the CAFE standard (414.400, RSMo). 

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

The Office of Administration – Division of Facilities, Management, Design, and Construction is the lead agency for ESPCs.  The agency provides technical assistance to state agencies and has overseen 70% of floor space of 3500 buildings retrofitted using performance contracting. Since 2005 OA-FMDC performed approximately $100,000,000 of energy retrofits, upgrades, installations of controls and addition of some sub - metering in numerous state buildings totaling approximately 14.7 million square feet. Missouri offers a list of prequalified ESCOs and a series of documents to help streamline the process.

Last Updated: July 2016

Research & Development List All

The Midwest Energy Efficiency Research Consortium (MEERC) located at the University of Missouri-Columbia in partnership with regional industry partners and government agencies, is focused on developing academic courses and training programs, advancing development and applications of energy efficient technologies and disseminating information on the value of energy efficiency.  Six consortium partner centers are part of MEERC -Lighting Research Center, High Performance Building Center, Energy Solutions and Service Center, Agricultural Energy Efficiency Center, Low Energy Heating and Cooling Center, and Energy Efficiency in Water and Wastewater Center. 

The National Energy Retrofit Institute at the University of Central Missouri is a consortium formed to promote an energy retrofit model for the residential energy efficiency sector.

The Energy Research and Development Center at Missouri University of Science and Technology.  Research includes a spectrum of energy issues including resources and efficiency of their use, processing facilities, generaiton facilities and the entire energy infrastructure needed as well as ensuring the sustainability of our environment.

Last Updated: July 2016

Buildings
Score: 3 out of 7
Buildings Summary List All

Missouri is a home-rule state. About 50% of the state's population is covered by the 2009 or 2012 IECC or equivalent codes. The state has completed a gap analysis and has established a stakeholder advisory group.

Residential Codes List All

Missouri is a home-rule state and thus has no mandatory state-wide codes. State-owned residential buildings must comply with latest edition of the MEC or the ASHRAE 90.2-1993 (single-family and multifamily buildings). Missouri maintains a database of building code adoptions in local jurisdictions. Approximately 50% of the state’s population is covered by the 2009 or 2012 IECC or equivalent codes.

Last Updated: June 2016

Commercial Code List All

Missouri is a home-rule state and thus has no mandatory state-wide codes. As of July 1, 2015, state-owned commercial buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC. Executive Order 09-18, issued in 2009, requires that “all new state construction, buildings being constructed for lease by the state, and significant renovations and replacement of energy-using equipment shall be at least as stringent as the most recent energy efficiency standards of the IECC.” In response to the Executive Order, the Office of Administration, Division of Facilities Management, Design and Construction (OA-FMDC) developed and adopted a State Building Energy Efficiency Design Standard (BEEDS). Missouri maintains a database of building code adoptions in local jurisdictions. Approximately 50% of the state’s population is covered by the 2009 or 2012 IECC or equivalent codes.

Last Updated: June 2016

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan: In 2011, Missouri completed a gap analysis with assistance from the Building Codes Assistance Project (see http://energycodesocean.org/resource/missouri-gap-analysis-report).
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: Missouri is currently undertaking a compliance study of residential energy codes with the Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance scheduled for completion in 2016.
  • Utility Involvement: NA
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: There is an active residential stakeholder advisory group focused on compliance. In 2016, the group will meet three times. The stakeholder group met in March 2016 and will meet in May and in the fall of 2016.
  • Training/Outreach: NA

Last Updated: September 2016

CHP
Score: 1 out of 4
CHP Summary List All

Missouri has limited policies to encourage the deployment of CHP. No new CHP systems were installed in Missouri in 2015.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: Missouri Interconnection Guidelines

Description: Missouri requires that utilities offer interconnection to distributed generation systems of 100kW or less, provided they are powered by renewable fuels, including in fuel cells.

Last Updated: June 2016

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

CHP in energy efficiency standards: CHP is an eligible energy efficiency measure under the Missouri Energy Efficiency Investment Act, which provides voluntary targets for energy savings from regulated utilities. 

Last Updated: June 2016

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, or financing: CHP may be eligible for low-interest loans through the Division of Energy’s Energy Loan Program, which offers financing to hospitals, cities (including city-owned water and wastewater treatment plants), counties, schools and universities for energy efficiency projects.

Last Updated: June 2016

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

Missouri has some additional supportive policies to encourage CHP, in the form of technical assistance provided by the Division of Energy.  For example, the Division is currently participating in efforts based on key recommendations outlined in its Comprehensive State Energy Plan, which includes recommendations to “establish cost-based standby rates and interconnection practices that reflect best practices” as well as to “promote the development of public/private partnerships to implement energy conservation measures, including CHP.” 

Last Updated: June 2016

Utilities
Score: 2 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

Missouri began a major transformation in the scope and role of utility-sector energy efficiency programs in 2009 when the state enacted SB 376, the Missouri Energy Efficiency Investment Act (MEEIA). Among its many provisions, it requires Missouri’s investor-owned electric utilities to capture all cost-effective energy efficiency opportunities. After some delays in the implementation of MEEIA, one of the state’s largest utilities launched a full suite of customer programs beginning in 2012 and the state’s other largest utility filed a 3-year program plan as required by MEEIA in 2013. In early 2016, the Commission approved MEEIA Cycle 2 DSM programs and DSIMs for Ameren Missouri, KCP&L, and KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company.

Prior to the developments of the past few years, Missouri has historically had limited energy efficiency programs for utility customers. While fundamental rules have been in place since the early 1990s for integrated resource planning (IRP) and demand-side management (DSM), such rules had not yielded significant levels of utility spending on DSM programs. MEEIA and related commission orders have led to a rapid and large increase in utility energy efficiency programs.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last updated: July 2016

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Passage of the Missouri Energy Efficiency Investment Act in 2009 marked the beginning of a new era for customer energy efficiency programs in Missouri.

MEEIA Cycle 1 programs ended December 31, 2015 for Ameren Missouri (Case No. EO-2012-0142), KCP&L (Case No. EO-2014-0095) and KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company (Case No. EO-2012-0009).  In early 2016, the Commission approved MEEIA Cycle 2 DSM programs and DSIMs for Ameren Missouri (Case No. EO-2015-0055), KCP&L (Case No. EO-2015-0240) and KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company (Case No. EO-2015-0241).  All programs are expected to all be implemented not later than the second quarter of 2016 and will all terminate during the first quarter of 2019.  Utility 3-year cumulative annual energy and demand savings targets and budgets for MEEIA Cycle 2 include: 571 MWh, 167 MW and $157 million for Ameren Missouri;  198 MWh, 66 MW and $50 million for KCP&L; and 185 MWh, 106 MW and $53 million for KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company.   

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

The Missouri Energy Efficiency Investment Act of 2009 (MEEIA) established a new standard in the state for electric utility investment in demand side management: The Act directs the Missouri Public Service Commission to permit electric corporations to implement commission-approved demand-side programs proposed pursuant to this section with a goal of achieving all cost-effective demand-side savings. The Missouri PSC also completed a revision of its IRP rules in Case No. EX-2010-0254 and requires demand side and supply side measures to be evaluated on an equivalent basis.

4 CSR 240-20.094(2) - Demand Side Programs:
    (A) For demand-side programs and program plans that have a total resource cost test ratio greater than one (1), the commission shall approve demand-side programs or program plans, and annual demand and energy savings targets for each demand-side program it approves, provided it finds that the utility has met the filing and submission requirements of 4 CSR 240-3.164(2) and the demand-side programs and program plans—  
1. Are consistent with a goal of achieving all cost-effective demand-side savings; 
2. Have reliable evaluation, measurement, and verification plans; and  
3. Are included in the electric utility’s preferred plan or have been analyzed through the integration process required by 4 CSR 240-22.060 to determine the impact of the demand-side programs and program plans on the net present value of revenue requirements of the electric utility.        
     (B) The commission shall approve demand-side programs having a total resource cost test ratio less than one (1) for demand-side programs targeted to low-income customers or general education campaigns, if the commission determines that the utility has met the filing and submission requirements of 4 CSR 240-3.164(2), the program or program plan is in the public interest, and meets the requirements stated in paragraphs (3)(A)2. and 3.

For further reading, in August 2011, as part of the State Clean Energy Resource Project, ACEEE completed the report Missouri's Energy Efficiency Potential: Opportunities for Economic Growth and Energy Sustainability.

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

Missouri has only voluntary goals for electric utilities to help the Commission review progress toward an expectation that the utility can achieve a goal of all cost effective demand-side savings including: a) incremental annual energy and demand savings in 4 CSR 240-20.094(2), and b) cumulative annual energy and demand savings in 4 CSR 240-20.094(2)(B), e.g.,  0.3% incremental annual energy savings in 2012, ramping up annually to 0.9% in 2015 and 1.7% in 2019 for cumulative annual energy savings of 9.9% by 2020.  The voluntary goals are not mandatory and no penalty or adverse consequence will accrue to a utility that is unable to achieve the annual energy and demand savings goals. 

Last Updated: July 2016

Utility Business Model List All

In 2011 the Missouri Public Service Commission promulgated rules that authorize utilities to file for recovery of lost revenues (See 4 CSR 240-3.163, 4 CSR 240-3.164, 4 CSR 240-20.093, and 4 CSR 240-20.094). In 2012 the Commission approved a demand-side investment mechanism which allows Ameren Missouri to collect $80 million in an annual revenue requirement (Case No. ER-2012-0166) for recovery of demand-side programs’ costs, recovery of fixed operating costs and a future performance incentive award based on after-the-fact verified energy savings from the programs (See Case No. EO-2012-0142). KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company (GMO) has an investment mechanism that allows collection of an $18 million annual revenue requirement for recovery of demand-side programs’ costs, recovery of fixed operating costs and a future performance incentive award based on verified energy savings. Lost revenues are recovered through a rider or tracker mechanism until the full amount including carrying charges is recovered.

The rule implementing SB 376 provides for more timely cost recovery of DSM program costs by allowing adjustments to the funds collected between rate cases. Currently costs are recovered over a 6 or 10 year period. The SB 376 rule allows a regulated electric utility to propose performance incentives that are based on net shared benefits from the DSM programs it implements. Any utility incentive component of a DSIM shall be based on the performance of demand side programs approved by the commission in accordance with 4 CSR 240-20.094 Demand- Side Programs and shall include a methodology for determining the utility’s portion of annual net shared benefits achieved and documented through EM&V reports for approved demand-side programs. Each utility incentive component of a DSIM shall define the relationship between the utility’s portion of annual net shared benefits achieved and documented through EM&V reports, annual energy savings achieved and documented through EM&V reports as a percentage of annual energy savings targets, and annual demand savings achieved and documented through EM&V reports as a percentage of annual demand savings targets. Utilities may also propose recovery of lost revenues as measured and verified through EM&V prior to recovery on a restrospective basis.

In early 2016, the Commission approved DSM programs and demand-side programs investment mechanisms (“DSIM”) for Ameren Missouri (Case No. EO-2015-0055), KCP&L (Case No. EO-2015-0240) and KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company (Case No. EO-2015-0241) which allow each utility to bill customers for estimated lost revenues due to the programs and to true-up the billed lost revenues as a result of energy savings determined through retrospective net-to-gross EM&V performed by each utility’s independent EM&V contractors and reviewed by the Commission’s EM&V auditor.   Presently, there is no electric utility revenue decoupling in Missouri.  Missouri Gas Energy has straight-fixed variable (SFV) rate design.  Laclede Gas and Ameren Missouri Gas both have a weather-mitigated rate design that is similar to SFV in principle.

The approved DSM programs and DSIMs for Ameren Missouri (Case No. EO-2015-0055), KCP&L (Case No. EO-2015-0240) and KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company (Case No. EO-2015-0241) also allow each utility to receive an earning opportunity determined after the completion of the 3-year plan period and to recover any approved earnings opportunity over a two year period.  The earnings opportunity amount for each utility is based upon the achievement of each DSM program relative to established performance metrics for the DSM program, which metrics are most commonly 3-year cumulative annual energy targets and/or 3-year cumulative annual demand savings targets. Actual 3-year cumulative annual energy and/or demand savings for programs are determined through retrospective net-to-gross EM&V performed by each utility’s independent EM&V contractors and reviewed by the Commission’s EM&V auditor.

Last Updated: July 2016

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All
  • Cost-effectiveness test(s) used: TRC, PCT, SCT, RIM for electric utilities.
  • Uses a deemed savings database: yes. (A technical resource manual (TRM) was approved for Ameren Missouri as part of the stipulation and agreement in Case No. EO-2012-0142.  A statewide collaborative of electric investor-owned utilities and their stakeholders was expected to begin investigation in 2013 of a statewide TRM. The collaborative has not yet been formed. Thus, no work has been performed to develop a statewide technical resource manual.)

The evaluation, measurement and verification of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in Missouri relies on 4 CSR 240-22.070(8), 4 CSR 240-3.163(7) and 4 CSR 240-20.093. Evaluations are performed by the utilities’ independent evaluators and are reviewed by the Missouri Public Service Commission’s EM&V auditor.  Missouri uses four of the five classic benefit-cost tests identified in the California Standard Practice Manual. These are the Total Resource Cost (TRC), Participant (PCT), Social Cost (SCT), and Ratepayer Impact Measure (RIM). Missouri specifies the TRC to be a primary test for cost effectiveness. The benefit-cost tests are required for portfolio and total program level screening.  Some exceptions exist for low-income programs, pilots, and new technologies.

Natural gas utilities use all five cost effectiveness tests as governed by. 4 CSR 240-14 and 4 CSR 240-3.255.

Last Updated: July 2016

Guidelines for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Requirements for State and Utility Support of Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

No specific required spending or savings requirements identified.

Cost-Effectiveness Rules for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

Missouri specifies the total resource cost (TRC) test to be a primary test for cost effectiveness. The benefit-cost tests are required for portfolio and total program level screening, although state regulations for utilities allow for low-income programs to have a TRC ratio of less than one (4 CSR 240-20.094(2).

Coordination of Ratepayer-Funded Low-Income Programs with WAP Services

Level of coordination is unclear from publicly available data.

Last updated: April 2017

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

MEEIA allows customers to opt-out of all DSM programs’ costs recovery if they have a demand of at least 5,000 kW in the previous twelve months, if they are an interstate pumping station of any size, or if they show they a "comprehensive" demand or energy efficiency program in place that is saving an amount at least equal to utility-provided programs, and have a demand of at least 2,500 kW. Customers opting out under the 2,500 kW/comprehensive demand-side management plan category must submit their plan to the Missouri Public Service Commission for review. Customers wishing to opt out under either of the other categories simply provide notification to their utilities that they wish to opt out. Staff of the Missouri Public Service Commission perform a desk audit of all claimed savings and may perform a field audit.

Last Updated: July 2016

Data AccessList All

Missouri has no policy in place that requires utilities to release energy use data to customers or third parties. 

Last Updated: July 2016 

Transportation
Score: 2.5 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

Missouri has not focused its efforts on policies to encourage efficient transportation systems, leaving significant room for growth.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land Use Integration: No policy in place or proposed.

VMT Targets: No policy in place or proposed.

Complete Streets: The Missouri General Assembly approved a concurrent resolution (HCR 23) in 2011 to support complete streets. 

MAP 21 Freight Plans and Goals: Missouri has a state freight plan in place but it does not highlight concrete freight system efficiency strategies or include efficiency performance measures. 

Last Updated: June 2016

Transit Funding List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 2
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Missouri statutes require the Department of Natural Resources (subsequently, the Department of Economic Development/Division of Energy) to promulgate minimum energy efficiency appliance standards.

The standards cannot be more stringent than federal Energy Star standards if applicable. To date, no Missouri-specific appliance efficiency standards have been established. With the transfer of the Division of Energy from the Department of Natural Resources to the Department of Economic Development, the authority provided by this statute transferred with the Division of Energy.

Missouri has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: July 2016