State and Local Policy Database

New York

State Scorecard Rank

5

New York

35.5Scored out of 50Updated 9/2016
State Government
Score: 6 out of 7
State Government Summary List All

New York’s state government leads in its commitment to energy efficiency. The state offers several financial incentives for energy efficiency, including PACE financing. The New York state government leads by example by requiring energy-efficient public buildings and fleets, and by encouraging energy savings performance contracting. New York was the first state to pass a residential energy use disclosure requirement and has several major research programs devoted to energy efficiency research, including programs run through NYSERDA. 

Financial Incentives List All

Financial Incentive information for New York is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE New Yorkand State Energy Office contacts. Information about additional incentives not present on DSIRE is listed here. In addition to the state-funded incentives on DSIRE and below, New York has enabled Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing and has one active program. For additional information on PACE, visit PACENation.

New York Green Bank: The NY Green Bank (NYGB) acts as a supplement to other ratepayer-funded programs by leveraging private investment for energy efficiency and clean energy. NYGB's current active energy efficiency portfolio includes numerous proposed transactions in various clean energy sectors. For example, the NYGB has recently retrofitted Northpoint School District, installed a CHP system at Hebrew Home for the Aged (Riverdale, NY), retrofitted numerous NYC Housing Authority developments, and funded an energy software company called Sealed, Inc. that finances residential efficiency improvements. In June 2017 Governor Cuomo announced that NYGB had turned a $2.7 million profit.

Green Jobs Green NY: The Green Jobs - Green New York (GJGNY) Program provides residential, small businesses, not-for-profits, and multi-family building owners with access to energy assessments, installation services, low-cost financing (currently for residential customers only), and “green jobs” workforce training. For residential customers, NYSERDA's Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Program offers loans offer up to $13,000 per household, up to $25,000 if the project meets higher cost-effectiveness standards and have repayment periods of 5, 10, or 15 years. Programs for small businesses, not-for-profits and multifamily building owners (coming soon) can finance energy efficiency upgrades with low interest payments conveniently built into one energy bill and offset the payment with the savings earned over the year.

Cleaner Greener Communities (CGC): This program offers grants for communities to adopt regional growth strategies that are environmentally sustainable by providing resources for regional sustainability plans, implementation of smart growth and other sustainability activities that will reduce GHG emissions, improve energy efficiency, support renewable energy, support low carbon transportation, and deploy other carbon abatement technologies.

Charge NY: Includes three main strategies to promote plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption: offering a rebate program for zero-emission vehicles to help accelerate purchases of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs); engaging stakeholders to engender greater support for PEVs and educate potential PEV and PEV infrastructure buyers; and initiating a program to bring down the price of installing PEV charging stations in the state. 

76 West: A competition focused on growing entrepeneurs and attracting resources to build clean energy businesses and jobs in New York State's Southern Tier region. The competition offers $20 million in prize money and support services, including a $1 million top prize.

Transportation Research Program: The goal of the Transportation Research Program is to commercialize technologies, products, systems, and services that reduce emissions and improve fuel efficiency throughout the transportation industry. Activities include product development, performance validation, field testing, policy development, and business assistance to help emerging technologies achieve successful commercialization. 

Last Updated: August 2017

Building Energy Disclosure List All
  • Building type(s) affected: residential

The Truth in Heating law requires the release of utility data of residential buildings at the time of sale or rental.

Last Updated: July 2017

Public Building Requirements List All

BuildSmart NY is Governor Cuomo’s Statewide initiative to accelerate energy efficiency in State buildings, while incorporating broader State policy goals to foster cost-effective investment, stimulate the clean energy marketplace, advance energy security and resiliency and protect the environment and public health. At the center of BuildSmart NY is Executive Order 88, which superseded earlier building requirements, requiring a 20% improvement in energy efficiency at State owned and managed buildings by the year 2020. EO 88 also requires all new or renovated public buildings to meet state code. While this requirement does exclude localities, some have adopted their own requirements (e.g. New York City). All state facilities in New York will be benchmarked in the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager tool and the results are posted on a public site. 

In August 2013, NYPA published the BuildSmart NY Baseline Energy Performance of New York State Government Buildings. The report represented New York State’s first effort to benchmark the energy use of State government buildings. Key findings of the report, and subsequent benchmarking efforts, include: 

  • Portfolio Agency imbalance: More than 90% of the State’s square footage and energy consumption is associated with six large New York State government Agencies. The resources and the initiatives implemented at these key state Agencies will therefore be critical to the overall achievement of Executive Order 88 goals. 
  • Master-metered campuses: The State’s portfolio is largely comprised of large, master-metered campuses with groups of buildings all served by the same utility meter. In most cases the resulting data is available weeks after the energy has been used. 
  • Portfolio facility imbalance: A small number of State facilities (including some master-metered campuses) represent a disproportionate amount of total consumption. Just 19 State facilities represent more than 40 percent of the portfolio’s total energy use, and just 75 facilities represent more than 75 percent of the energy use.

Through this benchmarking effort, the state produces annual progress reports. Further, in 2014 NYPA established NY Energy Manager to provide public facilities with real-time data on their energy use, enabling improvements in building energy performance and facilitating energy efficiency investments.

In his 2012 State of the State Address, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo announced a master plan for accelerating energy-saving improvements in state facilities. The New York Power Authority (NYPA) will finance approximately $800 million in cost-effective energy efficiency projects through 2017. The financing will help reduce energy consumption in state buildings by 20% and will be directed toward the largest and most inefficient buildings. Since the program’s initiation, NYPA has implemented 95 BuildSmart NY projects that are yielding an annual $49 million in savings for State agencies.   

NYPA’s BuildSmart work has been enhanced by its New York Energy Manager (NYEM) program. NYEM is a secure smart grid system that tracks the energy usage of participating facilities in real time. The program uses the data to provide key insights about building operations and identify opportunities for savings. Currently, NYEM hosts utility data for 3,500 State buildings and is live connected to 1,200 buildings. NYPA plans to expand the system and its services to a total of 20,000 buildings over the next five years. NYPA has constructed its NYEM facility as a hub where technology companies, utilities, system operators, and research centers can use the information to create new products and services for customers. In addition to warehousing EO88 data, NYEM provides web-based access to the platform for use by facilities personnel.  Through this portal, building managers have virtual access to their raw building data as well as a variety of pre-built “widgets” that provide visual interpretations of building data to help identify opportunities for energy savings. NYPA is in the process of hiring third-party energy consultants to provide technical and advisory services for state agencies and authorities in NYEM. Furthermore, NYPA is evaluating the opportunity to allow private commercial sector users into NYEM sometime in the future.

As part of BuildSmart NY, NYPA initiated the Five Cities Energy Plans for the cities of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse and Yonkers aim to reduce overall energy costs and consumption, strengthen the reliability of each city's energy infrastructure, create jobs in local clean energy industries, and contribute to a cleaner environment. With NYPA funding and technical assistance, the Five Cities are implementing a variety of energy efficiency projects that will enable them to reduce municipal energy consumption 20 percent by 2020. These projects are facilitated with the support of NYPA-funded staff and a total of $4 million in grants provided by NYPA to the Five Cities. Since the program’s launch in 2015, energy efficiency measures, such as lighting, HVAC upgrades, and building controls, have been installed in over 200 municipal-based locations across the Five Cities. 

At the beginning of 2017, NYPA launched a Race-to-the-Top initiative to accelerate the progress being made in the Cities. Approximately $3.6 million will be allocated to 10 winning projects selected by an evaluation committee. The projects were evaluated in the categories of Cost Effectiveness & Energy Savings, Relevance to their City Energy Plan, Shovel-readiness, Reinvestment, and Innovation. All projects are scheduled to be implemented in 2017 and 2018.

As part of New York’s Reforming the Energy Vision (REV), NYSERDA launched a Clean Energy Communities program in August 2016. This program is a coordinated State-level effort to engage and standardize local and municipal efforts in ways that drive energy efficiency and renewable energy projects at scale. The program created a list of 10 high impact initiatives that each municipality can implement to earn a Clean Energy Community designation.  One of the primary policy goals the program advocates for is the implementation of Benchmarking laws, requiring public disclosure of building energy consumption.  

Last Updated: August 2017

Fleets List All

New York does not have an overall fleet efficiency standard or target, however, the state is partnering with municipalities to expand state and local ownership of electric vehicles. Additionally, NYSERDA and the NYPA are working with the Metropolitan Transportation Authority to reduce its energy consumption. 

Note: For state efficient fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing state fleet efficiency. State alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Last Updated: August 2017

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

The New York Power Authority (NYPA) has been offering its Energy Services Program for 25 years.  Between 1987 and 2015, NYPA has financed and invested over $2 billion across 3,900 facilities within New York State. Under this Energy Services Program, NYPA provides services that include developing feasibility studies, engineering design, life-cycle cost analyses, procuring equipment, contractor labor, hazardous waste disposal, managing projects/construction and financing projects.  Measures include, but are not limited to: lighting retrofits, building envelop-related improvements, HVAC modernization, including energy-efficient chillers, boilers, and controls, high-efficiency motors, variable-speed drives, energy management systems, process controls, and distributed generation.  These installations, and many more, have been performed throughout the NYPA customer base.  New York State governmental entities, municipalities, school districts, public housing authorities, wastewater treatment plants, prisons, hospitals, museums, zoos, and public colleges are all continuing participants in the NYPA program. In 2014, NYPA initiated approximately $240 million in energy efficiency projects across over 260 public buildings statewide. The programs are implemented without performance guarantees which are traditionally offered by ESCOs.

Last Updated: July 2017

Research & Development List All

The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) supports a broad range of technology research, development and commercialization activities, and exists within a deep network of other New York based organizations having similar missions. NYSERDA makes strategically significant investments in scientific research, market analysis, product development, and technology field validation. These investments are used to provide knowledge on the environmental impacts of current and emerging energy options, conduct early-stage market analysis associated with new technologies, advance clean energy innovations towards market readiness, and stimulate an innovation economy in New York.  The support provided by NYSERDA to develop and test new products and technologies have and will improve the energy efficiency and expand the energy options for the buildings, industrial, transportation, power, and environmental sectors of the New York economy. In addition to the investments made to assist with technology development and validation, NYSERDA also helps to build a growing clean energy business ecosystem through investments in multi-use assets and through support for industry consortia; the aim of which is to support the environment or ecosystem within which clean technology companies are more likely to be incepted and nurtured for better growth prospects. Key components of this strategy are Proof of Concept Centers (POCC) and Incubators. 

The Center for Sustainable & Renewable Energy (CSRE) at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry is a clearinghouse for all 64 SUNY campuses’ research and development in the areas of energy efficiency and sustainability.  Its current efficiency focuses are the New York “Green Campus” Energy Efficiency Initiative and a water efficiency feasibility study involving Lake Ontario.

The Building Energy and Environmental Systems Laboratory (BEESL) at Syracuse University is a research lab associated with the Syracuse Center of Excellence in Environmental and Energy Systems, the New York Strategically Targeted Academic Research Center for Environmental Quality Systems, and the New York Indoor Environmental Quality Center. BEESL advances technologies for indoor environmental quality, energy efficient buildings, air conditioning and refrigeration manufacturing, and power generation and distribution. It was established in November 1999 with funds from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the New York State Assembly, National Grid, Syracuse University, and a $2 million gift from Frances and Fritz Traugott.  It has a staff of nearly 40 and is funded through research grants from a variety of US agencies, New York State agencies, NGOs, and corporations, as well as from Syracuse University.

The Institute for Urban Systems at City University of New York (CIUS) identifies innovative solutions to the problems of aging capital stock, environmental sustainability, and urban economic competitiveness in the management of transportation, energy, water, buildings, and other infrastructure systems.

The Energy and Environmental Technology Application Center (E2TAC) at Albany State University is also at the forefront of energy-related issues such as smart grid energy efficiency, thermoelectric, power electronics, sensors and superconductors, and advanced PVs.

The Clean Energy Fund (CEF), recently approved in NYS provides a consistent funding commitment over a 10-year period (nomial R&D investment is $70 million annually) for strategic investments in clean energy research and development. This long-term support is unique compared with other states and provides a strong signal to entrepreneurs and startup companies that NY is willing to make the sustained commitment necessary to develop and commercialize clean energy technologies that support the economy and the environment.

Last Updated: August 2017

Important Links List All
Buildings
Score: 7 out of 7
Buildings Summary List All

Residential buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC and commercial buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC or ASHRAE 90.1-2013, although local governments may adopt more stringent building energy codes. New York has completed a variety of activities to ensure code compliance, and includes utilities in code compliance efforts. 

Residential Codes List All

On March 9, 2016, the Fire Prevention and Building Code Council voted to adopt major updates to the New York State Energy Conservation Construction Code, incorporating the 2015 International Energy Conservation Code, ASHRAE 90.1-2013 and 2016 Energy Code Supplement. Effective October 2016, residential buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC. 

The State Fire Prevention and Building Code Council is empowered to adopt higher or more restrictive standards upon the recommendation of local governments. New York State began developing a stretch energy code with contributions from an advisory group and technical working groups represented by state and local government, utilities, design professionals, building trades and advocacy groups.  Named NYStretch-Energy, this state stretch code will be marketed statewide for optional local adoption in the second quarter of 2017.

Last Updated: August 2017

Commercial Code List All

On March 9, 2016, the Fire Prevention and Building Code Council voted to adopt major updates to the New York State Energy Conservation Construction Code, incorporating the 2015 International Energy Conservation Code, ASHRAE 90.1-2013 and 2016 Energy Code Supplement. Effective October 2016, commercial buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC or ASHRAE 90.1-2013.

The State Fire Prevention and Building Code Council is empowered to adopt higher or more restrictive standards upon the recommendation of local governments. New York State began developing a stretch energy code with contributions from an advisory group and technical working groups represented by state and local government, utilities, design professionals, building trades and advocacy groups.  Named NYStretch-Energy, this state stretch code will be marketed statewide for optional local adoption in the second quarter of 2017.

Last Updated: August 2017

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan: NYS performed a Gap Analysis and strategic compliance plan, or Action Plan.  Draft report was prepared April 2016, describing both Gap Analysis findings as well as an Action Plan for proposed measures to improve Energy Code compliance and enforcement. Gap Analysis findings included in-depth interviews with approximately 150 design, construction and enforcement professionals, as well as building owners and representatives from state and local government.  Gap Analysis also include a survey of approximately 450 NYS code enforcement officials and review of state wide compliance assessments and market intervention strategies designed to improve compliance and enforcement performed to date.  Final report is expected third quarter 2016.
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: In 2011, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) completed a baseline compliance assessment of new residential and commercial buildings in response to New York State’s goal of reaching 90% compliance with the Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York State-2010 (ECCCNYS) by 2017, a condition of receiving federal funds through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The baseline study examined residential new construction permitted under the ECCCNYS-2007 and commercial new construction permitted under Standard 90.1 2004 and 2007 and, in general, followed U.S. DOE protocol for measuring compliance. The study also established rates of compliance by U/A Alternative method using REScheck and COMcheck software. The study found residential new construction compliance rates of 73% and 61% (DOE protocol and REScheck, respectively) and commercial new construction compliance rates of 85% and 36% (DOE protocol and COMcheck, respectively). In 2015, NYSERDA completed a second baseline study of commercial renovations. On average, the study found that 100% of the sampled projects met code.  The study examined a relatively small sample size and primarily included projects of limited scope: 68% mechanical and domestic hot water, 26% lighting and 6% the building envelope. NYSERDA has found traditional compliance measurement efforts challenging in terms of cost, duration and data reliability.  To respond to these challenges, NYSERDA will take a different approach and conduct two Delphi Panel processes with a group of experts in new and existing residential and commercial sector design, construction and enforcement, to gather information on the frequency and quality of specific building practices employed in the State. Through the iterative process of collecting expert opinion and building consensus between experts, NYSERDA will analyze building practices and code compliance to estimate a baseline energy code compliance level for the State.   This estimate will be updated during the second Delphi Panel, multiple years later, in order to track how compliance changes over time and what the major contributing factors are for changing compliance levels.  
  • Utility Involvement: In October 2011, the New York State Public Service Commission issued an Order that includes over $16 million in funding for Advanced Energy Codes and Standards as part of NYSERDA's Technology and Marketing Development Program Operating Plan for 2012-2016. Long Island Power Authority has developed HERS infrastructure to promote codes and provides financial support for towns that adopt ENERGY STAR specifications as the local code. NYSERDA is planning three publications for late 2016, including a code enforcement manual, a manual for enforcing performance based compliance, a best practices manual for design professionals and a Code/Commentary specific to the October 3, 2016 update. Since third quarter 2015, NYSERDA has made available to municipalities free plan review, inspection and other energy code support. Finally, NYS is in the process of developing a stretch energy code for optional local adoption.  An advisory committee and working group of stakeholders is involved in developing the stretch code and a draft code is expected late 2016.
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: NYSERDA staff, DOS, and contractors conduct regular meetings with the code enforcement, design and construction communities. In October 2014, NYSERDA hosted an Energy Code Working Group, composed of code enforcement officials, design professionals, energy professionals, DOS and other stakeholders, to gain feedback on ongoing training and support services offered by NYSERDA, as well as future needs. NYSERDA didn't host an energy code working group meeting in 2015. The 2014 working group meeting helped inform all SBC4 solicitations which produced all market intervention projects currently underway.  Regular stakeholder involvement is ongoing as part of planning the 2016 Energy Code Conference, NYStretch Code, and pending enforcement/compliance best practices publications planned for late 2016. Market research and stakeholder feedback is also performed to inform training efforts. Finally, CEF-funded interventions will be informed by extensive stakeholder involvement/voice of customer work.  
  • Training/Outreach: NYSERDA is funding training into 2018 specific to the October 3, 2016 code update.  In that time, 16-17 courses will be offered to code officials, design professionals, energy professionals and the construction trades.  Additionally, NYSERDA offers free, online training through its energy code training and support website, nyserdacodetraining.com. New online training will be developed in 2016-2017, specific to the October 3 code update. NYS will host an energy code conference and tradeshow on November 30-December 1, 2016, titled Design, Build, Comply New York.

Last Updated: September 2016

CHP
Score: 3.5 out of 4
CHP Summary List All

New York has adopted strong policies and programs to support the deployment of CHP. There were 39 new CHP installations completed in 2016.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: New York State Standardized Interconnection Requirements and Application Process for New Distributed Generators 5 MW or Less Connected in Parallel with Utility Distribution Systems (SIR)

Description: In 1999, New York became the second state in the country to adopt an interconnection standard and they have been periodically revised since. A 2015 REV Order directed the implementation of a process to raise the threshold applicability from 2 MW and the SIR was updated in March 2016 to apply to systems up to 5 MW. The standard is consistent with IEEE’s 1547 interconnection standard and explicitly allows for the interconnection of CHP systems. While the NYSIR interconnection standard applies up to 5 MW, the utilities with service territory covering the majority of the state have procedures that include systems up to 20 MW.

Last Updated: August 2017

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

CHP in energy efficiency standards: In April 2007, Governor Spitzer set a new policy goal to reduce electricity use in 2015 by 15% (“15 by 15”), relative to projected use in 2015. In June 2008, the New York Public Service Commission issued an Order Establishing Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) and Approving Programs. As New York looks beyond EEPS and toward more market-based transformation efforts through the Clean Energy Fund, it will pursue both resource acquisition and market transformation strategies.

CHP programs:  The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) has some of the most extensive experience implementing statewide programs to encourage CHP. After 2015, the incentive program will be a continuation/modification of NYSERDA's previous CHP Acceleration and Aggregation Program (Program Opportunity Notice 2568) and CHP Performance Program (Program Opportunity Notice 2701). These two separate programs have been merged into a single offering, issued as "The CHP Program" and labeled as Program Opportunity Notice 2568. The market transformation activities will strive to reduce soft costs, reduce cycle times, and increase monetization of values, by simplifying and accelerating customer acquisition, facilitating project replication through standardized model contract terms and conditions, and establishing consensus-based methodologies for calculating/analyzing costs/savings data and for assigning a monetized value to the enhanced resiliency provided by CHP. One significant change to NYSERDA’s CHP program, however, is a reduction in eligible system size to 3MW and a future scaling down of incentive levels. 

Production goal: The Clean Energy Fund Investment Plan documents the state’s program budget for acquisition of a defined amount of MWh from CHP resources. The plan includes a three-year budget of approximately $36 million in incentives and services for CHP installations. This level of investment is expected to result in 220,000 MWh in resource acquisition and a reduction of 1,710,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent during the three-year period.

Last Updated: August 2017

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, and financing: NYSERDA's Program Opportunity Notice 2568 makes up to $21 million available for CHP installations through 2018. Specifically, NYSERDA will provide financial incentives for the installation of grid-connected CHP systems at customer sites that pay the Systems Benefit Charge (SBC) on their electric bill, or if new construction, will pay the SBC surcharge on the electric bill once interconnected.

The CHP Program is available to systems of any size and, in addition to incentives, it provides consumer protection regarding quality of equipment, and consumer protection regarding project right-sizing. Quality of equipment is addressed through a streamlined approach based on a NYSERDA-developed list of pre-approved standardized packaged CHP modules in sizes 3 MW and smaller, or a case-by-case rigorous review of custom-engineered CHP systems size 1 MW and greater (in the 1 MW to 3 MW overlap range, applicants can opt for either a pre-engineered approach or a custom-engineered approach and will receive the identical incentive either way). Assurances of right-sizing of projects can proceed through a streamlined approach based on a NYSERDA-developed set of "rules of thumb" sizing guidelines, or a case-by-case rigorous review of custom-sized project designs.

In 2016, Con Edison leveraged the NYSERDA-run program and offered an added incentive to projects that apply to NYSERDA for CHP funding until May 31, 2016 and filed a Notice of Intent to participate in the Brooklyn Queens Demand Management Program by May 31, 2016. The purpose of the partnered program is to minimize the burden of participation in two programs and maximize the incentive for CHP to fast-track deployment of CHP resources in a transmission-constrained, high-demand load pocket of New York state. Con Edison will match NYSERDA's base incentive up to $1,800/kW (or 100% of the project cost, whichever is less).

Net metering: Net-metering is available on a first-come, first-serve basis to customers of investor-owned utilities. Non-residential fuel cells up to 1.5 MW and residential micro-CHP up to 10 kW are eligible.

Last Updated: August 2017

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

There are many additional supportive policies to encourage CHP in New York. Through its Flex Tech program, NYSERDA provides cost share for CHP feasibility studies. Through the first phase of its NY Prize Community Grid Competition, NYSERDA provided funding for 83 microgrid studies, the majority of which included CHP. NYSERDA also provides one-on-one coaching with potential CHP candidate sites and recommissioning assistance for CHP sites that have been operating for two years. CHP systems are assessed and a recommissioning report is produced, which includes recommendations to improve system operations or update hardware.

NYSERDA's programs prioritize grid resiliency and generally require systems to have the ability to operate during grid outages. Bonus incentives may be available for CHP projects serving critical infrastructure. Also, New York customers using natural gas for CHP may be eligible for discounted natural gas rates.

The state also has a decade-plus of effort encouraging renewable-fueled CHP systems through its renewable portfolio standard (RPS) adopted by the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) in September 2004, and transitioned in February 2016 to the Clean Energy Fund.

Last Updated: August 2017

Utilities
Score: 10.5 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

New York is a leading state on utility-sector energy efficiency programs. New York’s energy efficiency programs are the result of New York Public Service Commission (PSC) cases dating back to 1996. Customers pay a non-bypassable system benefits charge (SBC) on their utility bills, and the SBC is applied to all customer bills whether they receive service from a local utility or from a competitive supplier. The charge supports a comprehensive set of energy efficiency programs for residential, multifamily, low-income, and commercial/industrial customers, as well as research and development efforts in both the Commission’s Technology & Market Development (T&MD) and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) programs. In addition to the programs authorized by the Commission, two public power authorities not under the Commission’s jurisdiction, the New York Power Authority and the Long Island Power Authority, also offer energy efficiency programs to their customers.

New York has an Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard with three-year targets for energy savings with a goal of reducing the state’s energy consumption by 15% by 2015. Targets beyond 2015 will be set as part of the state's ongoing Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) process. NYSERDA's Clean Energy Fund (CEF) Framework outlines a minimum 10-year energy efficiency goal of 10.6 million MWh measured in cumulative first year savings (approximately 0.7% incremental annual savings). Some degree of overlap of program savings is anticipated between utility targets and NYSERDA CEF goals.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Customers of New York’s regulated electric distribution utilities and natural gas utilities support the statewide energy efficiency and other public benefits energy programs. These utilities include: Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corporation, Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc., New York State Electric and Gas Corporation, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, Orange and Rockland Utilities, Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation (RG&E), National Fuel Distribution Corporation, Corning National Gas Corporation, St, Lawrence Gas, Company, Inc., KeySpan Energy Delivery New York and KeySpan Energy Delivery Long Island.

Customers pay a non-bypassable system benefits charge (SBC) on their utility bills. A non-bypassable charge is a charge applied to all customer bills in a given region whether they receive service from a local utility or from a competitive supplier. The New York system benefits charge supports a comprehensive set of energy efficiency programs for customers, including residential, multifamily, low-income, commercial/industrial, and research and development programs. A state government authority, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), administers the SBC programs. NYSERDA and its contractors implement energy efficiency programs. The NYPSC's June 2008 Order Establishing Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) and Approving Programs (Case 07-M-0548) allows utility companies to administer some of the new, fast-track and expedited programs. Two public power authorities, the New York Power Authority and the Long Island Power Authority, also offer SBC-funded programs.

New York’s SBC funded programs date back to 1998 at which time the NYPSC authorized the SBC as a means of ensuring continued financial support for programs providing important public benefits that were historically funded through utility rates and were considered at risk as the state undertook deregulation.  The SBC was authorized for an initial 3 year period, and extended in 2001 and 2006 for an additional five years. In total, since 1998 the Commission has authorized approximately $1.2 billion for NYSERDA administered SBC programs delivered from 1998-2011 with a goal of 2,102 GWh.  The Commission authorized an additional $524 million for T&MD (also known as SBCIV) for the period 2012-2016.   

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

The New York State Energy Planning Board uses the energy savings information from the New York Energy Efficiency program evaluations in the development of periodic "State Energy Plans." These plans contain 20-year forecasts of energy demand and prices and assessments of available energy supplies including energy efficiency, renewable energy, electricity, natural gas, petroleum and coal. 

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

Summary: Electric: Under current Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) proceedings, utilities have filed efficiency transition implementation plans (ETIPS) with incremental targets varying from 0.4% to 0.9% for the period 2016–2018. NYSERDA's Clean Energy Fund (CEF) Framework outlines a minimum 10-year energy efficiency goal of 10.6 million MWh measured in cumulative first year savings (approximately 0.7% incremental annual savings). Some degree of overlap of program savings is anticipated between utility targets and NYSERDA CEF goals. Natural Gas: Utilities have filed proposals for varying incremental targets averaging incremental savings of 0.28% for the period 2016–2018.

In 2008, the New York State Public Service Commission established the New York Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) proceeding. As part of a statewide program to reduce electricity usage by 15% of the forecast levels by the year 2015, with comparable results in natural gas conservation, the Commission established interim targets and funding through the year 2011. The Commission required utilities to file energy efficiency programs, and NYSERDA, as well as independent parties, were invited to submit energy efficiency program proposals for Commission approval.

Through a series of Orders, the Commission authorized the utilities (the six electric investor owned utilities previously authorized in the SBC proceeding, plus Corning National Gas Corporation, St, Lawrence Gas, Company, Inc., KeySpan Energy Delivery New York and KeySpan Energy Delivery Long Island) as well as NYSERDA to conduct EEPS programs. Since June 2008, the Commission approved over 100 electric and gas energy efficiency programs, along with rules to guide implementation and measure results.

In 2011, the Commission reauthorized a majority of the EEPS programs for the four-year period ending December 31, 2015, with revised targets and budgets where appropriate - NYSERDA was authorized to operate a limited number of programs through December 31, 2018. Additionally, three gas efficiency programs run by National Fuel Gas Corporation pursuant to its rate cases were consolidated into the EEPS program. The percentage of funding allocated to low-income programs was also increased. The order also suspended a portion of the program that provides utilities with financial incentives for achieving efficiency targets. These incentives were reinstated in March 2012 for the period 2012 – 2015.

In 2014, New York initiated a proceeding, Case 14-M-0101, "Reforming the Energy Vision," to further discuss the state's energy efficiency resource standard, along with other major elements of the state's utility regulatory structure. The PSC's Phase I REV Decision establishes minimum savings goals of only 0.37% for utilities in 2016, and requires utilities to file energy efficiency plans in 2016-2018 but does not specify specific energy savings goals.

On February 26, 2015, the Commission issued an order in Case 14-M-0101 that, among other things, established a new framework for post-2015 electric energy efficiency programs.  A similar framework is expected to be established for gas energy efficiency programs - a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking was published in the NYS Register on April 15, 2015. A new case, 15-M-0252, was established for the utilities post-2015 energy efficiency programs.

In January 2016, the PSC authorized NYSERDA's Clean Energy Fund (CEF) framework, which outlines a minimum 10-year energy efficiency goal of 10.6 million MWh measured in cumulative first year savings. In May 2016, the PSC issued a REV II Track Order prescribing that the Clean Energy Advisory Council also propose utility targets supplemental to utilities' Efficiency Transition Implementation Plans (ETIPS) by October 2016. Some degree of overlap of program savings is anticipated between utility targets and NYSERDA CEF goals.

Last Updated: September 2016

Utility Business Model List All

Following an April 2007 order (Cases 03-E-0640 and 06-G-0746), electric and gas utilities must file proposals for true-up-based decoupling mechanisms in ongoing and new rate cases. All six major electric and all 10 major gas companies have revenue decoupling mechanisms in place.

In 2008, the Commission established incentives for electric utility energy efficiency programs under the EEPS proceeding. Energy savings targets for initial program years 2009 through 2011 were combined to create a single target as of December 31, 2011; Beginning in 2012, savings targets will be annual. For the 2009 through 2011 incentive period, a utility earns incentives or incurs negative adjustments for its electric or gas EEPS portfolio based upon the extent to which it achieved its energy savings targets during the years 2009 through 2011. Maximum potential incentives/negative adjustments for each utility are calculated by multiplying $38.85/MWh for electric savings and $3.00/Dth for gas savings times the utility’s cumulative electric and gas energy savings targets for each portfolio. If a utility achieves over 80% of a portfolio’s energy savings target, it earns an incentive scaled linearly from zero percent of the available incentive at an 80% achievement level up to 100% at a 100% achievement level. Portfolio performance of 70-80% neither earns an incentive nor incurs a negative adjustment. Negative adjustments are calculated in a symmetrical manner to the incentives calculation with the full negative adjustment imposed at the 50% achievement level and decreasing linearly to zero percent at the 70% level.

In the 2012 through 2015 incentive period, the Commission established incentive pools totaling $36 million for electric utilities and $14 million for gas utilities, totaled over a four-year incentive period. The incentive program provides a two tier incentive. Utilities will be eligible for incentives not only for achievement of their own targets, but also for the achievement of statewide goals. This is intended to encourage utilities to act in cooperation with NYSERDA, which administers programs in all utility territories to enhance achievement of its targets as well. The amount for which each utility is eligible will be based on its proportional share of the utilities’ aggregate targets by the end of 2015.

In 2014, New York initiated a proceeding, Case 14-M-0101, "Reforming the Energy Vision," to examine the potential for major changes to the utility regulatory structure within the state.

Last Updated: July 2016

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All
  • Cost-effectiveness test(s) used: TRC
  • Uses a deemed savings database: yes. A technical reference manual, which provides formulas and input and many input values for savings, is in use (Technical Reference Manual).

The evaluation of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in New York relies on regulatory orders Case 07-M-0458 and Case 07-G-0141,). Both utilities and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) administer the evaluation of programs. New York Evaluation Plan Guidance for EEPS Program Administrators is established for conducting evaluations. Statewide evaluations and evaluations for each utility are conducted. The Total Resource Cost (TRC) is used in New York and is considered to be the primary test for decision making. The rules for benefit-cost tests are stated in Case 07-M-0458 and Case 07-G-0141. The benefit-cost test is required at individual measure and customer program level screening, with exceptions for pilots, and new technologies.

Last Updated: July 2016

Guidelines for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Requirements for State and Utility Support of Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

The EmPower New York program, administered by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) under an agreement with the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), offers no-cost energy services for households with incomes at or less than 60% of state median income.

An October 2011 order set system benefits charge (SBC)/EEPS funding levels for 2012–2015, providing EmPower New York with $73.7 million through the electric EEPS and $97.9 million through the gas EEPS, which amounts to approximately 30% of SBC collections attributable to residential customers. As explained in the order, the PSC specifically chose this level based upon recommendations from staff and stakeholders that low-income customers represent approximately 30% of total residential customers.

In addition, the January 2016 PSC Order authorizing the Clean Energy Fund Framework requires that NYSERDA “must invest at least $234.5 million of Market Development funds in Low-to-Moderate Income (LMI) initiatives over the initial three year period.”

Market Development is one of four distinct portfolios supported by the Clean Energy Fund; the others include Innovation & Research, NY-Sun, and the NY Green Bank.

Cost-Effectiveness Rules for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

New York screens programs at the measure level and requires each to have a TRC score of at least 1.0 with some exceptions. It appears that New York’s TRC test does not explicitly address non-energy benefits of low-income programs. However, the New York PSC has generally recognized and considered low-income specific benefits in deciding on funding for utility low-income programs. For example,  in a 2010 Order, the commission approved a low-income program with a TRC ratio of 0.91, finding that “…As a general principle, all customers should have reasonable opportunities to participate in and benefit from EEPS programs. It is also important that supplemental funding be provided to address gas efficiency measures in this program.”

Coordination of Low-Income and WAP Services

The Division of Housing and Community Renewal (HCR) Office of Housing Preservation is responsible for administration of New York’s Weatherization Assistance Program. HCR works with the New York State Public Service Commission, NYSERDA, and other agencies to help ensure that needs of low-income clients are addressed through coordination of the WAP with other funds and programs where possible, and to streamline delivery of all low-income programs available in the state.

NYSERDA also administers several efficiency programs that assist low-income households, and provides additional opportunities for subgrantees to leverage WAP funding. The additional services provided through these programs include electric reduction measures such as energy-efficient appliance replacement, lighting replacement and retrofits, electric domestic water heater measures, cooling usage reduction, energy-efficient motor replacement and retrofit, and energy education activities. While changes to these programs are anticipated as a result of the Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) proceeding, New York is committed to providing additional support to mitigate the impact of changing energy markets on low-income households.

The state has also convened an Interagency Task Force on energy needs composed of HCR, the Department of Public Service, OTDA, NYSERDA, and the Governor’s Office for Energy Finance. The Task Force is developing strategies to address energy affordability within the state and to utilize disparate funding streams in a coordinated, targeted fashion to more holistically address the energy needs of low-income communities and improve outcomes for low-income households.

More information on New York’s coordination of WAP with other programs can be found in the state’s 2017 WAP Plan.

Last updated: April 2017

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

In an order issued in Case 14-M-0101 on February 26, 2015, the Commission required Staff to work with the utilities and large industrial customers to develop Self-Direct Program Guidelines to be filed by August 3, 2015.  The order also required electric utilities to implement a self-direct program in accordance with the Self-Direct Program Guidelines no later than January 1, 2017.

In May 2016, the State Senate passed a bill to establish the program, currently referred to as the New York State Clean Energy Tech Production Program. The bill was referred to Assembly Committee in June 2016. The PSC would provide oversight of the program, which would allow customers with a 36-month average demand of 2 MW (or an aggregated 36-month average demand of 4 MW or more) to treat their surcharges as dedicated funds for EE, RE, and DERs. It requires several mechanisms to help ensure the program is effective including a requirement to establish baseline energy use data, a requirement to establish a method to measure and verify all savings claimed, a mechanism to recoup funds if they are misused, etc.

Last updated: July 2016

Data AccessList All

Guidelines for Third Party Access

New York does not have guidelines in place that require third party access to customer energy use data.

Requirements for Provision of Energy Data

One utility, Con Edison has in place a tariff that requires the release of aggregated building level data to commercial and multifamily property owners. In some instances, data must be provided by some utilities to NYSERDA for program evaluation. 

Energy Use Data Availability

New York does not have an online standardized system through which access to individual or aggregated energy use data may be requested. 

Last Updated: July 2016 

Transportation
Score: 8.5 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

New York leads the nation with its efficient transportation policies. The state has a comprehensive set of policies to encourage efficient transportation system, and sets aside a significant amount of funding for transportation initiatives.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

New York adopted California's Low-Emission Vehicle Program in 2005, committing to a 30% reduction in average new vehicle greenhouse gases from 2002 levels by 2016. The state has also adopted a Zero-Emission Vehiclefornia (ZEV) program, which requires increasing production of plug-in hybrid, battery electric, and fuel-cell vehicles from 2018 to 2025. 

Last Updated: July 2017

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land Use Integration: The state of New York encourages each municipality to create comprehensive plans for local development according to established procedure. Efforts are also being made to encourage inter-municipal cooperation and cooperation between municipalities and state agricultural districts when planning for future development.

In addition, in August 2010 the Smart Growth Public Infrastructure Policy Act was signed into law and took effect a month later as an amendment to Environmental Conservation Law.  The Act is intended to minimize the unnecessary cost of sprawl development and requires  State infrastructure agencies and authorities ensure that public infrastructure projects ( including transportation, sewer and water treatment, water supply, education and housing  projects) are consistent with the relevant Smart Growth Criteria specified in the Act. In 2014 this Act was modified to add a resiliency criteria.

VMT Targets: In 2008, New York adopted a VMT reduction target of 10% in 10 years as a means of encouraging more energy-efficient transportation usage.

Complete Streets: In 2011, the state implemented a complete streets policy ensuring convenient access and mobility on the road network by all users of all ages.

FAST Freight Plans and Goals: No freight plan or goals in place.

Last Updated: July 2017

Transit Funding List All

In 2010 New York adopted Assembly Bill 8180, which increases certain registration and renewal fees to fund public transit. It also created the MTA (Metropolitan Transit Authority) financial assistance fund to support subway, bus, and rail.

Last Updated: July 2017

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

Pursuant to legislation passed in April 2016, NYSERDA developed a rebate program for zero emission vehicles that launched in March 2017. Rebates of up to $2,000 per vehicle are available for battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles. New York also started the New York Truck Voucher Incentive Program in 2013. Vouchers of up to $60,000 are available for the purchase of hybrid and all-electric class 3-8 trucks. In March 2017, New York State launched the Drive Clean Rebate, which provides up to $2,000 for each new EV purchased. 

Last Updated: August 2017

Equitable Access to Transportation:
The NYS Homes and Community Renewal considers transportation proximity in their distribution of state funds and federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credits to qualifying property owners. Last Updated: July 2017
Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 2
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Policy: NY LAWS ENG § 16-102, et seq., Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards

Description: Having originally adopted its standards in the 1980's, New York was one of the first states to adopt appliance standards after California paved the way in 1974. The duties of establishing standards fall upon the Department of State in consultation with the New York State Energy Research Department Authority (NYSERDA). New York Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards legislation was passed in 2005 and 2010, creating standards for nineteen products. Standards for fourteen of those products have been preempted by federal standards. The rulemakings for the standards of the eight remaining products are ongoing, so the standard levels have not yet been set and, consequently, are not being enforced.

Last Updated: June 2017