State and Local Policy Database

Vermont

State Scorecard Rank

3

Vermont

40.0Scored out of 50Updated 9/2016
State Government
Score: 5 out of 7
State Government Summary List All

The state offers several incentives for energy-efficient investments. The state government leads by example by requiring energy-efficient public buildings and fleets, benchmarking energy use in public buildings, and encouraging energy savings performance contracting. Research focused on efficient vehicles is conducted at the University of Vermont Smart Grid Research Center.

Financial Incentives List All

Financial Incentive information for Vermont is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE Vermont). Information about additional incentives not present on DSIRE is listed here. The state does enable Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (PACE), but it does not have any active PACE programs.

Vermont Economic Development Authority (VEDA) Sustainable Energy Loan Fund: The program enables VEDA “to make loans and provide other forms of financing for projects that stimulate and encourage development and deployment of sustainable energy projects in the State of Vermont.” The fund provides four loan products (Small Business Energy Loan Program, Commercial Energy Loan Program, Agriculture Energy Loan Program, and Energy Loan Guarantee Program).

Weatherization Trust Fund: The program provides long term state funding for weatherization through a one-half percent gross receipts tax on all non-transportation fuels sold in the state. This fund raises about $6M/year for low-income weatherization.

Thermal Efficiency Finance Program: The program provides thermal shell and heating system energy efficiency services to customers who use unregulated fossil fuel for their heating energy needs.

Heat Saver Loan Program: This low-interest loan is for Vermonters who want to weatherize their homes and install efficient heating systems. The loans can be used for high efficiency oil or propane furnaces, cold-climate heat pumps, central wood pellet systems, solar domestic hot water systems, or weatherization improvements.

Last Updated: September 2016

Building Energy Disclosure List All

Act 89 of 2013 requires the establishment of a working group to develop building energy disclosure tools for both residential and commercial buildings. The single-family residential disclosure tool and label are complete and will be rolled out for use by the state efficiency programs (including the state low-income weatherization program) starting this year. In 2014, a multi-family and commercial building working group identified the EPA Portfolio Manager as the tool to be used for disclosure. This Working Group will continue to meet to develop and launch the use of a label as well.  By Dec 15, 2016, the Public Service Department is required to submit a report to the legislature with an update on the effectiveness of the voluntary disclosure and labeling efforts, including a recommendation on whether building energy disclosure should be made mandatory. In addition, the Vermont Department of Public Service (DPS) requested that the Public Service Board open a proceeding to address customer energy usage data aggregation to assist with benchmarking of buildings with multiple tenants. In coordination with DPS, the Commercial Building Energy Working Group filed recommendations to require data aggregation and release of aggregated data for buildings with more than four tenants.

Last Updated: July 2016

Public Building Requirements List All

The 2016 State Agency Energy Plan, part of the Comprehensive 2016 State Energy Plan, establishes the goal of reducing state government operations total energy consumption by 25% by 2035. In order to achive this goal, the energy consumption associated with state owned and operated buildings must be reduced by 15% by 2030. The 2016 plan also encourages all Vermont State Agencies to track and benchmark state-owned and operated buildings' energy use using the Energy Star Portfolio Manager. The Vermont Dept. of Buildings and General Services (BGS) estimates that the state has captured 70% of these buildings in various state agency portfolio manager accounts.

Executive Order No. 14-03, the Climate Change Action Plan for State Government Buildings and Operations, directs state government agencies and departments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from state government buildings and operations from the 1990 baseline by: twenty-five percent by 2012; fifty percent by 2028; and, if practicable using reasonable efforts, seventy-five percent by 2050. Executive Order No. 15-12, the Governor's Climate Cabinet and State Agency Climate Action Plan, establishes the Climate Cabinet, which is tasked with providing comprehensive leadership on climate change through coordination across agencies and departments. The Executive Order establishes a “state operations” working group of the Climate Cabinet, which works with the Department of Buildings and General Services to ensure that every state building reduces its energy consumption to meet the outlined greenhouse gas reductions.

Act 40 of 2011 calls for the state to lead by example regarding its own energy usage and set a specific 5% energy savings goal for state government. BGS is leading the way by creating its own strategic plan for energy savings that will be used as a model for other state agencies and departments. BGS has convened a state agency/department stakeholder group to review the BGS plan and work towards this goal. All agency buildings, existing and new construction will be reviewed by the agencies and the BGS Environmental Engineer to be part of the EPA Portfolio Manager. BGS has established the goal of attaining an Energy Star score of 75 or higher for all eligible buildings. For those buildings that are not eligible, BGS has established the goal of setting site energy usage targets across the portfolio to help achieve our mandated annual energy consumption reduction target of 5%.  

Act 51 of 2013 requires a life cycle cost analysis while incorporating the use of renewable energy sources, energy efficiency, and thermal energy conservation in any new building construction or major renovation project in excess of $250,000.00.

Efficiency Vermont has partnered with BGS to benchmark their facilities as part of a new State Energy Management Program initiative. 

The State shall consider buildings with LEED Certification, Energy Star Certification or Efficiency Vermont’s High Performance Building designation when entering into a new lease space that is greater than 5,000 square feet and the total term of the lease is five or more years. The leasing agent must consider these criteria unless there is no space available that will meet these criteria and the program needs of the agency including, emergency relocation and geographical requirements. If the needs of the tenant require a space that does not meet these energy standards, the lease agreement will include an arrangement between the landlord and BGS to create an implementation plan for energy efficiency and energy conservation measures and consider renewable energy usage and generation to improve the overall efficiency of the building.   

When entering into a new lease agreement or amending an existing lease agreement in which BGS will not be responsible for paying the utility bills, the lease agreement will reflect the landlord’s responsibility to make all energy usage data available to BGS for the term of the lease. BGS will reserve the right to sub-meter in multi-tenant spaces to obtain State only energy usage data if it is beneficial to the State.

Last Updated: July 2016

Fleets List All

Executive Order 15-12, the Governor's Climate Cabinet and State Agency Climate Action Plan, requires that the state “purchase vehicles that have the highest available fuel efficiency in each respective vehicle class (e.g., passenger cars, light duty trucks, etc.) pursuant to performance specifications recommended by the state operations working group established under section I (J). These performance standards should include consideration of vehicles that not only meet high fuel economy standards but that also provide lower total emissions of greenhouse gases, criteria pollutants, and hazardous air contaminants.”

Executive Order 15-12, the Governor's Climate cabinet and State Agency Energy Plan, required that the State Operations Working Group establish vehicle performance standards for use by state entities when considering the purchase of vehicles. The State Operations Working Group determined that when state agencies are purchasing light duty fleet vehicles they should consider (in this order) using the EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label associated with the vehicle type to be purchased:

  1. The Fuel Economy & Greenhouse Gas Rating. If vehicles have the same Rating then,
  2. Consider the vehicle Smog Rating. If vehicles have the same smog rating then,
  3. Consider the Fuel Economy, and if all three ratings are the same then the purchaser will,
  4. Consider Price.  

 

In addition, as part of the Vermont Action Plan associated with the multi-state ZEV MOU, the state will “establish goals to ensure that a minimum of 25 percent of new light-duty state fleet purchases and leases, for applicable uses, will be ZEVs by 2025.” 

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

The Department of Buildings and General Services (BGS) operates the State Energy Management Program (SEMP) - its own in-house revolving loan fund for building efficiency which essentially makes the state its own ESPC contractor. In its Strategic Plan, BGS calls for using EPSCs to complete energy improvements within correctional facilities. BGS is currently entered into an ESPC with NORESCO for the Montpelier Capital Complex. Monitoring and verification will continue until 2019 for the 14 energy conservation measures implemented throughout the complex.  

Last Updated: July 2016

Research & Development List All

The University of Vermont Smart Grid Research Center conducts research on the technological, human behavior, and public policy implications of smart grid technology, including its use to increase energy efficiency. 

Last Updated: July 2016

Buildings
Score: 7 out of 7
Buildings Summary List All

Vermont's most recent commercial and residential energy codes went into effect in March 2015 and are based on the 2015 IECC. The state is required by statute to update its codes every three years. The state has a residential stretch code in place that municipalities may choose to adopt, and is in the process of developing similar stretch standards for commercial buildings. Vermont has completed a variety of activities to ensure compliance.

Residential Codes List All

Vermont’s residential building energy code is mandatory statewide. Effective March 1, 2015, the RBES references the 2015 IECC with Vermont-specific amendments. The state is required by statute to update its codes every three years. 

Act 89 of 2013 gives the Vermont Public Service Department the authority to develop stretch codes and municipalities have the option of adopting them. The state's Residential Stretch Energy Code goes into effect on December 1, 2015. Any projects encompassed by Residential Act 250 are required to adopt the Residential Stretch Code. Thise code has a higher level of thermal energy efficiency than the Base CodeBoth Residential Base and Stretch Energy Codes also allow renewable energy to be used to meet the target Home Energy Rating Scores for compliance. Additionally, the Residential Stretch Code has Electric Vehicle charging requirements for multifamily developments of 10 units or more. 

Last Updated: July 2016

Commercial Code List All

Vermont’s commercial building energy code is mandatory statewide. Effective March 1, 2015, the RBES references the 2015 IECC with Vermont-specific amendments. ASHRAE 90.1-2013 is accepted as an alternate compliance path. The state is required by statute to update its codes every three years. 

Vermont is in the process of developing Commercial Stretch Energy Standards that will be used for Act 250 projects.

Last Updated: July 2016

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan: A gap analysis and energy code compliance plan was completed for Vermont and is available on its website at: http://publicservice.vermont.gov/topics/energy_efficiency/energy_code_compliance.
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: The Public Service Department (PSD) measured compliance with RBES and CBES in recent Market Assessments, which were completed in February, 2013 and December, 2012 respectively. The technical compliance rate for residential was 74% and for commercial was 88%. They are available here. The PSD is in the process of updating the Market Assessments, which are expected to be completed in the fall of 2016.
  • Utility Involvement: Efficiency Vermont and Burlington Electric Dept. are required through their Order of Appointment to assist with providing Energy Code support (information and training).  The high level of participation in their new contruction programs, contributes significantly to the state's overall energy code compliance rate.  EVT also hosts the Energy Code Assistance Center, which distributes information on energy codes and answers builders, architects, and other contractors questions on how to meet energy code requirements. As the state's Energy Efficiency Utilities they fulfill this role in lieu of the Distributed utilities. They also provide assistance for filling out the certificates. After the state recently updated the codes they held numerous trainings for builders, architects, and realtors on the new requirements as well as blower door certification/training.
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: The state began working with Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships to form a Building Code Collaborative in 2014. The group held its first meeting in 2015 and meets a minimum of four times a year.
  • Training/Outreach: The DPS includes funding for code training in most years in the SEP formula grant budget.  Efficiency Vermont also includes funding for energy code activities in their non-resource acquisition budget. Efficiency Vermont provides trainings to builders, town officials (including zoning administrators and code officials), architects, design and construction professionals, and market partners (real estate professionals, mortgage lenders, appraisers, attorneys) on energy codes requirements to increase compliance. The outreach to realtors has been particularly successful in making sure energy code compliance certificates are in place as they will require this when representing a buyer of a building before a transaction is completed. EVT, in partnership with PSD, has conducted several meetings for town officials on the updated building codes, including zoning administrators and code officials to discuss the energy code and the new requirements to obtain code compliance certificates prior to issuing Certificates of Occupancy. EVT has also started focusing some trainings to building supply store staff. Efficiency Vermont has a three year budget of $300,000 for energy code support including training to provide a basis for improving the overall level of code compliance, understanding, and construction practice.  The DPS provided $20,000 from the FY16 SEP Formula Grant and $20,000 from the FY17 SEP Formula Grant for energy code trainings.

Last Updated: September 2016

CHP
Score: 2 out of 4
CHP Summary List All

The state has an interconnection standard that applies to CHP, an incentive program for CHP, and includes CHP as an eligible resource in the state's renewable energy goals. No new CHP systems were installed in Vermont in 2015.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: Vermont Public Service Board Rule 5.500                               

Description: The Vermont Public Service Board (PSB) developed this interconnection rule for all distributed generation not subject to the state’s net metering rule. Rule 5.500, then, applies to all CHP systems. The PSB does not cap system size, though certain systems are eligible for a “fast track” application process. Systems not eligible for interconnection under the “fast track” mechanism are subject to additional studies and/or screening criteria.

Last Updated: June 2016

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

CHP in energy efficiency standards: Vermont Public Service Board (PSB) established a statewide energy efficiency utility, Efficiency Vermont, along with a funding mechanism to support it. Efficiency Vermont is administered by Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC), which is an independent, nonprofit corporation. The EEU implements that implements the state’s Energy Reduction Goals. The Order of Appointment (OOA) that describes the general responsibilities and scope of activities to be performed by the energy efficiency utility includes guidance related to project and savings eligibility for customer-sited generation including deployed CHP.

Last Updated: June 2016

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, or financing: Efficiency Vermont provides some financial support for CHP projects in the state, as enabled by the 2016 Order of Appointment for VEIC.

The state of Vermont offers an Investment Tax Credit for eligible CHP systems and other renewable energy equipment on business properties. The incentive for CHP is 2.4% with a maximum system size of 50 MW.

Net metering:  Vermont's original net-metering legislation was enacted in 1998, and the law has been expanded several times subsequently. Any electric customer in Vermont may net meter after obtaining a Certificate of Public Good from the Vermont Public Service Board (PSB). An application for a Certificate of Public Good for Interconnected Net Metered Power Systems is available on the program web site listed above. Net metering is generally available to systems up to 250 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using micro-combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 20 kW. CHP systems greater than 20 kW in capacity are not eligible for net metering.

Last Updated: June 2016

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

There are some additional supportive policies to encourage CHP in Vermont. The state offers a Renewable Energy Sales Tax Exemption for renewable-energy systems which also applies to micro CHP systems up to 20 kW. The state also encourages the use of renewable-fueled CHP systems and waste heat to power (WHP), which qualify under its Renewable Energy Standard, which is 55% by 2017 and rising in 3 year increments by 4% to 75% by 2032.

Last Updated: June 2016

Utilities
Score: 19 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

Vermont is and has been among the leading states for utility energy efficiency for many years and was the first to create a statewide "energy efficiency utility". Under Vermont’s 12-year "Order of Appointment" model, Efficiency Vermont and Burlington Electric Department deliver both electric and unregulated heating-and-process-fuel energy efficiency services to residential and business consumers throughout the state. The State EEU fiscal agent receives energy efficiency charge monies collected by the electric distribution companies and disburses the funds to the EEUs.

Vermont law requires program administrators to set budgets at a level that would realize "all reasonably available, cost-effective energy efficiency."

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Vermont pioneered the model of a statewide "energy efficiency utility" (EEU) after enacting legislation in 1999 authorizing Vermont Public Service Board (PSB) to collect a volumetric (per kWh) charge on all electric utility customers’ bills to support energy efficiency programs, called the Energy Efficiency Charge (EEC). PSB created the EEU designation that Efficiency Vermont (EVT) and Burlington Electric Department (BED) currently operate under to invest in programs and services that save money and conserve energy. Vermont Gas Systems offers natural gas efficiency service within its territory. Natural gas efficiency programs are supported by legislation and regulation (30 V.S.A. Section 235(d); Docket No. 5270 VGS-1, 2) and began in 1993. The Public Service Board designated it an EEU with a 12 year Order of Appointment to deliver natural gas energy efficiency services in April 2015 (see Docket 7676).

New since 2015 is the passage of Act 56 of 2015 which creates a Renewable Energy Standard in Vermont. It creates an energy transformation obligation for electric distribution utilities, in which they must produce an increasing amount of fossil fuel use reductions attributable to their customers. They may meet the obligation through the use of more efficient heating systems (such as heat pumps) or through building weatherization, or even the use of more efficient or electric vehicles. The obligations begin in 2017 with an amount equivalent to 2% of the utility's sales, rising to 10% by 2032.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

Vermont statute (30 VSA Sec. 218c) directs all electric and natural gas utilities to prepare and implement least cost integrated plans  — plans "for meeting the public's need for energy services, after safety concerns are addressed, at the lowest present value life cycle cost, including environmental and economic costs, through a strategy combining investments and expenditures on energy supply, transmission and distribution capacity, transmission and distribution efficiency, and comprehensive energy efficiency programs."  In addition, Vermont has a well-established regulatory process to factor the Energy Efficiency Utility's energy savings into utility companies' load forecasts. Vermont law requires EEU budgets to be set at a level that would realize "all reasonably available, cost-effective energy efficiency."

Last Updated: July 2016

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

Summary: Average yearly incremental electricity savings of about 2.3%, 2015-2017

Vermont does not have traditional EERS legislation with a set schedule of energy-savings percentages for each year.  Instead, Vermont law requires EEU budgets to be set at a level that would realize "all reasonably available, cost-effective energy efficiency." Compensation and specific energy-savings levels—not “soft” goals or targets—are then negotiated with EEU contractor Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC). There is not an explicit penalty for non-performance. However, a portion of the compensation Vermont pays the administrator is contingent on meeting stated goals, subject to a monitoring and verification process. If the administrator does not meet stated goals, the state will withhold compensation, and the administrator potentially will be replaced at the end of the three-year period (DSIRE 2011).

Vermont Public Service approved a 2012-2014 budget for Efficiency Vermont, set to achieve approximately 2% annual savings (VT Public Service Board Docket EEU-2010-06). Electric efficiency quality performance indicators for 2015-2017 include a target for total electricity savings of 321,800 MWh over the three year period for Efficiency Vermont. Burlington Electric also has savings targets in place for this period, bringing statewide incremental electricity savings targets to about 2.1% per year. 

The goal-setting process has changed due to Vermont’s “order of appointment” franchise-like structure. Every 3 years, a “demand resources plan” proceeding will be held. The proceeding will set budgets and goals for the next 20 years, coinciding with the long-range transmission plan to allow for integration of forecasting (EEU Structure Docket 7466).

VEIC and BED have been awarded Orders of Appointment as Energy Efficiency Utilities for a period of 12 years. Every 6 years there is a review as to if this appointment should be extended an additional 6 years.The 2015-2017 budget is set to achieve a 2.25% level of savings increasing to 2.32% by 2017 (EEU-2013-01 2013-2014 Demand Resources Plan Proceeding 7/9/2014).

Vermont Gas Systems has also been designated an EEU with a 12 year Order of Appointment to deliver natural gas energy efficiency services as of April 2015 (see Docket 7676).

Last Updated: July 2016

Utility Business Model List All

Efficiency Vermont (EVT) serves the majority of the state and is operated by Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC). VEIC is eligible to receive a performance incentive for meeting or exceeding performance goals established for three year performance cycles. For the period January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, VEIC can earn up to $4,442,682 for meeting electric energy savings goals and other performance goals including peak savings, market transformation, and total resource benefits.

Vermont statute (30 VSA Sec. 218c) directs all electric and natural gas utilities to prepare and implement least cost integrated plans  — plans "for meeting the public's need for energy services, after safety concerns are addressed, at the lowest present value life cycle cost, including environmental and economic costs, through a strategy combining investments and expenditures on energy supply, transmission and distribution capacity, transmission and distribution efficiency, and comprehensive energy efficiency programs."  In addition, Vermont has a well-established regulatory process to factor the Energy Efficiency Utility's energy savings into utility companies' load forecasts. Vermont law requires EEU budgets to be set at a level that would realize "all reasonably available, cost-effective energy efficiency."

The state's two IOUs (electric and natural gas) are decoupled through an Alternative Regulation Structure. Green Mountain Power is decoupled through a power cost adjustment and an earnings sharing mechanism. Vermont Gas is also decoupled through an earnings sharing mechanism. 

Electric cooperatives and municipal utilities are not decoupled.

Last Updated: July 2016

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All

The evaluation of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in Vermont relies on both legislative mandates (30 V.S.A. §209) and regulatory orders (Process and Administration of an Order of Appointment). Evaluations are mainly administered by the Vermont Public Service Department. There are no specific legal requirements for these evaluations in Vermont. Statewide evaluations are conducted. Vermont uses three of the five classic benefit-cost tests identified in the California Standard Practice Manual. These are the Utility/Programs Administrator (UCT), Participant (PCT), and Social Cost (SCT). Vermont specifies the SCT to be its primary test for decision making. The benefit-cost tests are required for overall portfolio, total program, and customer project level screening, with some exceptions for low-income programs, pilots, and new technologies. The rules for benefit-cost tests are stated in 30 V.S.A. §203 and 218b and Docket No. 5980. Vermont has a “non-resource acquisition” (NRA) category that designates funding for activities that are worthwhile but do not necessarily return quantifiable savings.

Last Updated: July 2016

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

For electric energy efficiency, there are three self-direct options availible statewide:  SMEEP (Self-Managed Enenergy Efficency Program), CCP (Customer Credit Program) and ESA (Energy Savings Accounts.) SMEEP is also available for the one eligible gas customer. The SMEEP options requires prospective participants or their successors to have contributed $1.5 million to the Energy Efficency Fund in 2008 through the Efficency Charge adder on their electric costs to meet the requirements, one only customer meets that standard.  Additionally an eligible customer must commit to investing a minimum of $3 million over a three-year program cycle. The ESA option allows Vermont business that pay an Energy Efficiency Charge (EEC) in excess of $5,000 total per year (or an average $5,000 total per year over three years) to use a portion of their EEC to support energy efficiency projects in their facilities.

CCP: Eligible customers must be ISO 14001-certified and meet several conditions similar to Energy Star for industrial facilities. For natural gas energy efficiency, eligible only for transmission and industrial electric and natural gas ratepayers,  customer efficiency charges for electric usage must be a minumum of $1.5 million. SMEEP allows an eligible customer to be exempt from the (electric) energy efficiency charge ("EEC") provided that the customer commits to spending an annual average of no less than $1 million per year over a three-year period on energy efficiency investments. In addition, the Vermont Public Service Board has established an option for eligible Vermont business customers to self-administer energy efficiency through the use of an Energy Savings Account (ESA) or the Customer Credit Program , these funds are still paid into the VEEUF and disbursed to the participants upon completion of an elegible energy efficency measure.

For natual gas, ESA and CCP participants can access a percentage of the funds paid into the VEEUF to undertake approved energy efficency measures. For SMEEP electric, an eligible customer must demonstrate that it has a comprehensive energy management program with annual objectives, or demonstrate that it has achieved certification of ISO standard 14001. They then provide a report to the Public Service Board (PSB) detailing the measures undertaken, estimated savings and related costs. These reports are then reviewed and approved by the PSB. ESA: The ESA is run through the Efficency Vermont program and related savings are reported and verified through the Savings Verification mechanism. CCP: Eligible customers must be ISO 14001-certified and meet several conditions similar to Energy Star for industrial facilities, savings are then verified through exisitng mechanisms.

Last Updated July 2016

Data AccessList All

Guidelines for Third Party Access

In Vermont, it is a generally accepted legal precept that there is a protected privacy interest in customer energy information. Energy providers, EEUs, the Public Service Department along with the Public Service Board all acknowledge that this information is confidential. Utilities and fuel dealers generally only release customer data with their customer’s written permission. 

Requirements for Provision of Energy Data

The PSD will be submitting a request this year for the Vermont Public Service Board to convene a proceeding on commercial, multifamily and mixed-use building benchmarking and labeling to investigate consideration of establishing a system for delivery of aggregated energy data to building owners and their agents for use in buildings with tenants. 

Energy Use Data Availability

In the pending request mentioned above, the board will also be asked to address data transfer standardization. Some but not all Vermont utilities have implemented Green Button, but all are interested and willing to investigate the costs and benefits of providing consumers with a mechanism to facilitate these benchmarking and labeling efforts. In the proceeding mentioned above the Board will also be asked to address data transfer standardization.Some but not all Vermont utilities have implemented Green Button, but all are interested and willing to investigate the costs and benefits of providing consumers with a mechanism to facilitate these benchmarking and labeling efforts. In the proceeding mentioned above the Board will also be asked to address data transfer standardization.

Last Updated: July 2016

Transportation
Score: 7 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

The state has tailpipe emissions standards and complete streets legislation in place, and integrates transportation and land use planning.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

Vermont adopted California’s Low-Emission Vehicle Program in 2005, committing to a 30% reduction in average new vehicle greenhouse gas emissions from 2002 levels by 2016. The state has also adopted California's Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program, which requires increasing production of plug-in hybrid, battery electric, and fuel-cell vehicles from 2018 to 2025. 

Last Updated: July 2015

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land Use Integration: The state of Vermont enacted Act 250 in 1970 as a means to implement a permitting system to limit urban sprawl and inefficient development. In 1988, the state passed a growth management act to provide local municipalities with the necessary resources and funds to plan adequately for the future. The growth management act also served to coordinate state, regional and local efforts to target sound development practices. All local development plans must abide by 16 rules outlined in the Municipal and County Government statutes.

VMT Targets: 30 VSA §218c requires the publication and adoption of a Comprehensive Energy Plan. The 2011 CEP sets a pair of VMT targets: 1) That per-capita VMT remain at or below 2011 levels, and 2) that overall VMT growth be limited to 1.5% (half the national average) or less

Complete Streets: Vermont statutes include complete streets legislation that orders any construction or reconstruction project to allocate space for pedestrian and bicycle friendly pathways unless those additions are deemed prohibitively expensive.

Map 21 Freight Plans and Goals: The state has a comprehensive freight plan.

Last Updated: July 2015

Transit Funding List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2015

Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 2
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Policy: 9 V.S.A. § 2791, et seq., Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances and Equipment

Description: In February 2006 Vermont passed bill H.0253, An Act Relating to Establishing Energy Efficiency Standards For Certain Appliances, which created energy efficiency standards for appliances. The Act created standards for seven products, which have since been preempted by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

Last Updated: July 2016