State and Local Policy Database

Research & Development

Research and development programs drive advances in energy-efficient technologies. By leveraging resources in the public and private sectors, state governments can foster collaborative efforts that achieve the goals of rapidly creating, developing, and commercializing these technologies. These programs can also encourage cooperation among organizations in different sectors, and can address market failures that exist in the energy services marketplace that may impede the diffusion of new technologies.

The University of Alabama’s Center for Advanced Vehicle Technologies (CAVT) assists in the research and development of numerous transportation systems and vehicles.  Their efficiency research is primarily focused on improving powertrains as well as energy storage and fuel cells.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC) in Fairbanks, Alaska is an industry-based, nonprofit corporation created to facilitate the development, use, and testing of energy-efficient, durable, healthy, and cost-effective building technologies for people living in circumpolar regions around the globe. The Center represents 1,200 building industry firms and groups across the state. CCHRC’s energy efficiency research focuses on fuel use monitoring, window insulation evaluation, domestic hot water energy modeling, wall systems insulation, passive refrigeration and more. The Center is conducting a statewide housing needs assessment, which will focus on energy use as a significant cost in home ownership, and in rental properties. The Center’s 15,000 square foot Research and Testing Facility (RTF) first opened in 2006 after receiving $5.2 million in public and private funding. CCHRC is conducting Alaska Housing Finance Corporation's statewide housing needs assessment and expects to release the report in 2017.

Last Updated: July 2017

At Northern Arizona University, through the Energy Utilization study, the Institute for Sustainable Energy Solutions (ISES) of Energy Efficiency and Smart Grid research programs have partnered with: the College of Business and College of Social and Behavioral Sciences to perform qualitative research on the human dimensions of energy conversation and utilization behaviors and conduct research related to energy efficiency on Native American lands. 

Arizona State University’s LightWorks Center focuses in part on energy efficiency, including research into solid state lighting as a way to reduce energy costs as well as behavioral interaction with energy efficiency technology. The Center is funded in part by the US Department of Energy.

Last Updated: July 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The California Energy Commission’s Energy Research and Development program sponsors and manages research to improve the energy efficiency of buildings, appliances, industrial processes, agricultural irrigation, and water and wastewater treatment.   Energy efficiency research is one of the areas funded by the Electric Program Investment Charge (EPIC), and the Natural Gas Research and Development fund. Other research areas include expanding demand response strategies, establishing commercial opportunities for microgrids, creating innovative bioenergy solutions, advancing energy storage, and analysis to inform State energy policy and planning. The program goals are to create and advance new energy solutions, innovative technologies and approaches, and bring ideas from the lab to the marketplace.  These efforts aim to provide benefits to California ratepayers, reduce energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions and catalyze the clean energy economy. The R&D programs support applied research, technology demonstration, and market facilitation programs. 

Energy efficiency research has focused on advancing energy efficiency technology solutions, such as building envelopes, heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems, lighting, equipment controls, consumer electronics, water heating and indoor environmental quality, as well as integrated solutions to make zero net energy buildings and existing building retrofits affordable and cost effective. Starting in 2015, special emphasis on disadvantaged communities was applied to many of the solicitations to encourage research projects to be located in and benefiting disadvantaged communities. As a result, many projects focused on use of advanced technologies to retrofit multifamily, low income housing in order to reduce energy costs for residence while improving comfort and opportunities to better control equipment using smart technologies. The program also encompasses industrial, agriculture and water-related technologies that focus on reducing the energy and carbon intensity and cost effectiveness of innovative wastewater and water treatment, water reclamation and reuse processes, agricultural irrigation systems, and industrial processes. Due to California’s five year drought, many projects focused on development and testing of innovative technologies to reduce the energy intensity of treating non-traditional water sources for potential potable/landscape applications. Some of these projects are located in disadvantaged communities, and the potential to provide the community with new sources of drinking water is highly beneficial. Specific highlights of projects funded in 2016 include Cutting Edge Water and Energy Innovations, Controlling Vampire Loads, Zero or Near Zero Net Energy Buildings, Demand Response Strategies, Mitigating Limitations Due to the Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Storage Leak, Energy Innovation Ecosystem.

The University of California-Davis houses the Energy Efficiency Center (EEC), whose mission is to accelerate the development and commercialization of energy efficiency technologies. EEC includes the California Lighting Technology Center, the Western Cooling Efficiency Center, and the Center for Water-Energy Efficiency.

The University of California-Berkeley’s Center for the Built Environment focuses on how to produce comfortable, healthful, and productive indoor environments in the most energy efficient way.

The University of California at Los Angeles’ Center for Energy Science and Technology Advanced Research (CESTAR) lists energy conservation as one of its four major research areas. UCLA developed the Home Energy Efficient Design software tool.

The University of California-Irvine's California Plug Load Research Center (CalPlug) researches efficiency in consumer and commercial electronics.

The Smart Grid Energy Research Center (SMERC) also performs research into the development of the next generation of the electric utility grid, with one of their criteria being improving its efficiency. SMERC is funded by a $10 million grant from the US Department of Energy.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Colorado Energy Office (CEO) conducted research to identify opportunities for energy savings in the marijuana growing industry and the industrial sector. Multiple industry-specific stakeholders and independent researchers contributed to the research reports.  Both the marijuana industry and others addressed the need for current energy use data to make informed decisions. The Colorado marijuana energy use research report will provide a cost-benefit calculator to help growers understand the financial benefits of incorporating energy efficient technologies into their operations and identify energy efficient operational strategies and technologies or energy efficiency supportive policies that are relevant and available to the industry.   

The Engines and Energy Conversion Lab (EECL) at Colorado State University conducts research  on SmartGrid technology and engine efficiency, primarily in advanced ignition systems and after-treatment systems.

The Institute for the Built Environment (IBE) at Colorado State University engages faculty and industry partners in healthy and sustainable building issues including energy efficient construction, integration of clean energy technologies and sustainable built environments.

The Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute (RASEI) at the University of Colorado at Boulder is a joint institute with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory with a mission to research and develop ways to produce energy at a lower cost, with higher efficiency, and with reduced emissions.

The Research in Delivery, Usage, and Control of Energy (ReDUCE) research group at the Colorado School of Mines includes energy efficiency projects such as the Cyber-Enabled Efficiency Energy Management of Structure (CEEMS), sponsored by the National Science Foundation, which conducts research on the sensing and control of energy flow in buildings, as enabled by cyber infrastructure.

The Center for Renewable Energy Economic Development (CREED) is a catalyst for economic development in Colorado through clean energy and energy efficiency innovation and entrepreneurship. Its stakeholders support the creation and growth of clean tech companies throughout the State of Colorado and represent economic development, academia, incubators, industry associations, and government. 

CREED is a product of National Renewable Energy (NREL) and partners with state government agencies such as the Colorado Energy Office and the Office of Economic Development and International Trade, and industry groups such as the Colorado Cleantech Industry Association. NREL consistently works with Colorado universities on energy efficiency projects and plays a role in a number of collaborations throughout the state.  Besides RASEI and CREED, NREL also partners with state universities as part of the Colorado Energy Research Collaboratory, a research consortium that works with industry and public agencies to create and speed the commercialization of renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency.

The Energy Research Collaboratory is a consortium of three state institutions of higher education the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado State University, the Colorado School of Mines, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The Energy Research Collaboratory is a consortium of three state institutions of higher education the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado State University, the Colorado School of Mines, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Connecticut’s Center for Clean Energy Engineering (C2E2), founded in 2009, serves as a nexus for activities involving fundamental and applied research in clean and efficient energy systems as well as training of 21st century scientists and engineers. Advanced energy conversion technologies, fuels and fuel processing, energy storage, power management and smart grid, and conservation of natural resources with a focus on water are all part of the Center’s larger research and educational portfolio. The center’s efforts are geared toward catalyzing the transformation of science-to-systems for a global “Sustainable Energy Economy” through academic research and industrial development, systems engineering, prototype development and demonstration.  C2E2 also provides cost-effective solutions to current and emerging technologies.  The center employs a portfolio of multidisciplinary faculty through the Sustainable Energy Initiative.

The Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology (CCAT) focuses on initiatives in several areas of energy efficiency, including advanced manufacturing technologies and strategies for improving efficiency. CCAT assists DEEP with several programs, including en energy-efficient business program, the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program, the Rural Energy Assurance Program, and several others.

The Test Bed Program is administered by the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection’s Bureau of Energy and Technology Policy, as required by Connecticut law (C.G.S. 16a-4d). The Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Test Bed Program (Test Bed Program) provides an opportunity for a technology, product or process that promotes energy conservation, energy efficiency or renewable energy technology, to be used on a limited trial basis in the operations of a State agency or facility. Since May 2015, the Test Bed Program has received applications for two products: a reflector lens by Energy Savings Lights, LLC and an intelligent boiler control unit by Fireye Inc.

Last Updated: August 2017

University of Delaware’s Center for Energy and Environmental Policy: The Center is composed of an internationally diverse faculty and research staff with backgrounds in a variety of disciplines including economics, sociology, geography, political science, philosophy, engineering, urban planning and environmental studies. As part of the Center's energy sustainability theme, researchers explore sustainable energy utilties and clean energy futures.

University of Delaware’s Mid-Atlantic Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) is one of 24 in the country that provides energy, waste and productivity assessments to small and mid-sized manufacturers with a concentration in energy efficiency. The Energy Savings Assessments are conducted at no cost and offer the next generation of engineer’s valuable hands-on training while producing energy efficiency recommendations resulting in reduced energy consumption. Since its creation the IAC has yielded over 100+ clients 10%-30% energy bill reductions. In 2012, the U.S. Department of Energy awarded the Mid-Atlantic IAC the “Center of Excellence” award. 

Delaware Technical and Community College was awarded $4,297,800 in grants in 2009-2010 by the Economic Development Administration (EDA) to build energy facilities at three of their campuses; Owens, Terry, and Stanton. The construction of these buildings marks the region’s first comprehensive workforce development centers in the field of energy efficiency. Delaware Tech’s Energy House and Center for Energy Education and Training were both awarded LEED Platinum certifications. The Sustainable Energy Training Center was awarded LEED Gold. Delaware Technical & Community College partnered with Trane and the National Coalition of Certification Centers (NC3) to create the Trane Center of Excellence. The Center is the fourth of its kind across the country and has the ability to run simulations on energy efficiency opportunities at a system level, as opposed to the unitary level approach which allows for maximum energy efficiency gains. This Center is key for preparing Delaware’s energy efficiency workforce through real-life applications of commercial air handling units, boilers, and chillers.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Green Building Fund Grant program "green" the built environment in the District of Columbia. Grant projects focus on research, data analysis, training, or engagement help the District lead the way in enacting innovative policies that drive toward greater social, environmental and economic sustainability for our city. Since the program launched in 2013, over $2.2 million has been invested in fifteen projects. These innovative research programs provide the necessary backbone for creation of informed public policies that will help build the truly sustainable city. In 2016-2017, DC administered six grant projects. The projects that focus on increasing energy efficiency include the Smarter DC Challenge, which focuses on businesses and commercial properties; Power Down DC ,which focuses on the multifamily residential market; a Green Finance study, which analyzed and made recommendations for implementing a suite of financial programs that would increase energy efficiency, including the creation of a green bank and incentives for deep green buildings; a Microgrid feasibility study; a Sustainable Community Planning project to conduct Living Community planning into large development parcels; and the development of Historic Building Sustainability Guidelines, to remove barriers to the use of energy-efficient practices in retrofits of historic structures. The District has released a draft Comprehensive Energy Plan, called Clean Energy DC that lays out 55 actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions citywide by 50% by 2032. Specific energy efficiency actions are modeled, including net-zero energy codes by 2026, major retrofit programs for at least 20% of citywide floor area, leveraging district energy for enhanced efficiency, and the use of mode shift to reduce transportation energy use. DOEE is also formally investigating energy efficiency measures that can be taken with respect to the electric and natural gas distribution systems in connection with Formal Case 1130 (Modernizing Energy Delivery System for Increased Sustainability) and Formal Case 1137 (Washington Gas's base rate filing).

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Central Florida’s Florida Solar Energy Center's (FSEC) building science program includes research projects concentrating on: industrialized housing; zero net-energy buildings; fenestration; energy efficient schools; green standards; and ceiling fans. FSEC has a 20-acre campus on the Space Coast. It receives $3 million in operating funds annually from the University and an additional $8-$12 million in external contracts and grants.

The Energy and Sustainability Center (ESC) at Florida State University addresses challenging alternative energy issues through innovative solutions for consumers and industry. The Center’s Off-Grid Zero Emission Building project created an energy-efficient mold for alternative energy technologies in both residential and commercial buildings. Other energy efficiency research has focused on both PEM fuel cells and water electrolysis.  The center receives funding from the University.

The Florida Institute for Sustainable Energy (FISE) at the University of Florida has a mission to develop energy efficient and environmentally sustainable technologies and practices, educate the public regarding energy and environmental technologies and trade-offs, and inform the larger policy debate on urgent, global issues relating to sustainable energy and the environment. The Institute’s efficiency research focuses on fuel cells, building construction, and lighting.  The Institute’s funding over the past several years has totaled $70 million.

Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) at University of South Florida pursues research and development of environmentally clean energy systems, such as photovoltaics, concentrating solar power, energy storage (thermal storage, batteries, supercapacitors), photocatalytic detoxification/disinfection technologies, hydrogen production and solid state storage, new efficient thermodynamic cycles, solar energy conversion/rectifying antenna (rectenna), and biomass conversion/biofuels. Website is currently inactive due to security breach.  

Florida Energy Systems Consortium (FESC) brings Florida statewide faculty together for energy research and also connects Florida industry with university research expertise and facilities, resulting in improved technology transfer and commercialization. FESC members develop innovative energy systems that lead to alternative energy strategies, improved energy efficiencies, and enhanced economic development. FESC leverages state funding in energy research, technology transfer, education, and outreach activities.. 

University of West Florida’s (UWF) Community Outreach, Research and Education (C.O.R.E.) initiative aims to enhance construction and education at UWF and in the greater Pensacola community. UWF is renovating an existing printing services building as a multipurpose construction lab, where the facilities will include a trade demonstration area, a construction yard, soils testing equipment and an energy efficiency demonstration and applied learning prototype. The building is intended to serve students, industry professionals, and the residents of the community and region. 

Last Updated: July 2017

Funded in part by the Georgia Environmental Finance Authority (GEFA), the Southface Energy Institute conducts research and training on energy-efficient housing and communities. GEFA collaborates with the Institute on its weatherization training and technical assistance.

At the Georgia Institute of Technology, the Brook Byers Institute for Sustainable Systems (BBISS) focuses on engineering water and power infrastructures that prove to be more efficient than current systems and help reduce the risk of supply- or demand-driven system failures. The Institute’s current efficiency-based research is centered on its Sustainable Infrastructure for Energy and Water Systems (SINEWS) Project funded by the National Science Foundation. This project includes secondary teams from Arizona State University and the University of Georgia. 

Last Updated: July 2017

The Hawaii Natural Energy Institute at the University of Hawaii focuses on the development of technologies in the energy field. The Institute's work covers a wide range of research areas such as renewable energy, energy storage, energy-efficient buildings, fuel cells, grid systems, and transportation.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) is a public/private research center designed to fuel energy transitions and economic growth. The Center is a consortium of five partners: Idaho National Laboratory, University of Wyoming, Boise State University, Idaho State University, and University of Idaho. CAES provides a collaborative, multi-mission environment that integrates resources to create new research capabilities and enhance energy-related educational opportunities. CAES partners can expand the breadth of their research and provide rich, hands-on experiences for students, national laboratory scientists, and industry researchers by sharing laboratories, equipment, and ideas. Research areas span a range of energy topics including nuclear and materials science, geothermal energy systems, advanced manufacturing, and energy policy. Research is also conducted at each of the member institutions, giving CAES scientists and engineers, industry partners, and others access to a wide range of equipment, capabilities, and infrastructure. The CAES industry affiliate program, while serving national needs, focuses on regional businesses to drive economic growth. The program facilitates industry access to CAES collective R&D capabilities (people, partners, facilities) that can strengthen regional and national industry competitiveness.

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Illinois at Chicago’s Energy Resources Center (UIC-ERC) focuses on energy conservation and production concepts and technologies. As part of its mission statement, the Center has the responsibility to assist both private and public institutions at the local, state and public levels. To fulfill this directive, the Center’s Engineering Solutions Group focuses on finding practical answers to energy problems in the industrial, commercial, institutional and residential markets. Through the use of energy audits, computer modeling and on-site consultation and evaluation, the group identifies opportunities for improved efficiency and reduced utility bills. Working with city, state, and national organizations, the group finds the most energy conscious, efficient and cost-effective strategies available to clients. The Center receives funding from the University and a variety of public and private clients, and sponsorships including the U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, and Commonwealth Edison.  

The Illinois Sustainable Technology Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne promotes sustainability through resource conservation, pollution prevention, and research efforts including energy efficiency.

The Department of Urban and Regional Planning and the Smart Energy Design Assistance Center (SEDAC) of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign undertake applied energy conservation research.  Much of the work revolves around the ways in which cities consume energy and its implications including the associated externalities and climate change implications.  The Department has been associated with several climate action planning efforts, research on urban metabolism, the effects of energy dashboards, and other energy related behavior change research.

SEDAC collaborates with researchers in Economics, Engineering, Urban and Regional Planning, the Information Trust Institute, Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, and the Illinois State Water Survey on topics including: macroeconomic analysis of statewide energy planning, building-level impacts of SmartGrid demand response systems, energy efficiency degradation in buildings, energy impacts of water chemistry management, open source energy information systems, and human factors in successful building commissioning.

The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is a natural gas research, development and training organization that evaluates natural gas and energy markets across the industry's value chain: supply, delivery, and end use. It offers an integrated systems perspective to expand the supply of affordable energy, ensure a safe and reliable energy delivery infrastructure, and promote the efficient use of energy resources. In recent years the State and Illinois IOUs have partnered with GTI to perform emerging technology research and development for its ratepayer EE programs.  Currently the State has partnered with GTI to specifically consider what new natural gas EE technologies are particularly suitable for low income and public sector customers.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Energy Efficiency and Reliability Center at Purdue University Calumet has been formed to provide technology and assistance to a variety of applications that use energy. The Center seeks to help businesses obtain the maximum benefit from the energy they purchase or produce. Various types of assistance are available including research, new technology, energy survey assistance, environmental emissions reduction, and renewable energy sources optimized individually as well as in conjunction with Combined Heat and Power systems.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Iowa Energy Center strives to advance efficiency and renewable energy within the state through research and development while providing a model for the state to decrease its dependence on imported fuels. The Energy Center's main office is located in Ames, Iowa near Iowa State University, the administrator for the Energy Center. The Energy Center also maintains the Energy Resource Station at the Des Moines Area Community College in Ankeny, Iowa, and the BECON (Biomass Energy Conversion) Facility in Nevada, Iowa. The Iowa Energy Center receives its funding from an annual assessment on the gross intrastate revenues of all gas and electric utilities in Iowa.The Center offers a Competitive Grant Program that awards funds to Iowa-based nonprofit groups to conduct energy-related research, demonstration and education projects. Projects under this program range in size and complexity. They are conducted throughout the state by researchers at Iowa’s major universities, colleges, community colleges and at nonprofit energy organizations and community-based educational groups.

The state also partners with private companies for research and development of energy-efficient technologies through the Iowa Economic Development Authority (IEDA). IEDA offers a variety of programs to Iowa businesses for energy efficiency-related research and development investment. These programs include a research activities credit program, a Demonstration Fund program, and the Iowa Innovation Acceleration Fund. Through IEDA, Iowa supports $2 million in research activities in small and medium-sized companies as well as technology transfer and commercialization efforts.

The University of Northern Iowa's Center for Energy and Environmental Education (CEEE) helps children, youth, and adults make sense of complex environmental and energy-related issues while finding ways for the community to participate in positive, solution-oriented responses. The CEEE creates opportunities for UNI students and faculty to take leadership roles in creating more sustainable communities, and brings diverse stakeholders together to find common ground while working to solve problems.
 

Last Updated: July 2017

Studio 804, Inc. is a not-for profit 501(c)(3) corporation that works in partnership with the University of Kansas’ School of Architecture, Design, and Planning, and is committed to the continued research and development of sustainable, affordable, and inventive building solutions. For the last 16 years, Studio 804 has pioneered new technologies and advanced construction techniques. The corporation has completed five LEED Platinum projects to date, including the Sustainable Prototype in Greensburg, Kansas.

Established in the 1970s at Wichita State University, the Center for Energy Studies researches efficient and innovative solutions for the electric power industry. It is one of thirteen university members of the Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC), an organization including the Dept. of Energy, National Science Foundation, the Electric Power Research Institute, industry, and utilities.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Conn Center for Renewable Energy Research (CCRER) at the University of Louisville provides research in renewable energy and encourages the development of technologies and practices that increase energy efficiency.  The Center's ongoing goal is to seek outcomes that enhance global energy and economic security and maintain US technological leadership in developing and deploying advanced energy technologies. The Conn Center leads research that increases homegrown energy sources to meet the national need while reducing energy consumption and dependence on foreign oil.  The Center has steadily been increasing its annual research expenditures from $900 thousand in 2007 to $2.1 million in 2011 with the expected goal of reaching $5 million by 2016.

Last Updated: July 2017

While not research, the University of Louisiana-Lafayette operates the Smart and Secure Energy Assessment Program with funding from the Louisiana State Energy Office and focuses on energy efficiency opportunities at light industrial and commerical facilities. No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: August 2017

The Maine Technology Institute (MTI)  invests in research and development. MTI defines their areas of focus as clusters and one of those is Energy and the Environment and explicitly includes energy efficiency technologies.  

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Maryland’s Energy Research Center (UMERC) is a campus-wide research center dedicated to the development of energy-efficient and environmentally sustainable technologies and practices. UMERC also educates the public on matters of energy efficiency and sustainability, and the global impact of energy policy and practices, and is engaged in promoting policies that encourage sustainability and energy efficiency. In terms of energy efficiency, they focus specifically on HVAC, CHP, lighting and building efficiency, and waste heat recovery. UMERC and its affiliated faculty receive funding from the University of Maryland, the U.S. DOE, and a variety of other sources based on research topic.

The Maryland Clean Energy Center (MCEC) serves as a hub and key information resource for businesses in the energy efficiency and conservation sectors. MCEC holds its annual Clean Energy Summit and features a series of educational sessions about emerging technologies and practices such as smart grid and advanced metering infrastructure and innovative financing. MCEC sponsors the Maryland Clean Energy Technology Incubator@bwtech (CETI@bwtech). CETI supports entrepreneurs and early stage energy efficiency and conservation businesses seeking to transition from research and development into demonstration and ultimately commercialization. CETI provides services specifically tailored to the needs of companies working with renewable energy, as well as energy management and storage technologies. University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) faculty and students in the clean energy sector also provide tenant companies with assistance. 

Last Updated: July 2017

The Massachusetts Energy Efficiency Partnership (MAEEP) supports demonstration of energy efficiency technology and tools to the industrial, commercial, and institutional sectors. The MAEEP program leverages resources from U.S. DOE, the University of Massachusetts and Massachusetts electric utilities.

The Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (CEERE) at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst provides technological and economic solutions to environmental problems resulting from energy production, industrial, manufacturing, and commercial activities, and land use practices. The university-based research program is built upon four subgroups of Renewable Energy Resources, Building Energy Efficiency, Industrial Energy Efficiency, and Environmental Technologies with unique abilities to service energy and environmental problems. The Center has 43 faculty and staff and is funded in part through U.S. DOE grants. 

Massachusetts is also leveraging $4.5 million in grants to pilot programs to demonstrate energy-efficient technologies in the building sector.

In 2014, the Massaschusetts Clean Energy Center (CEC) in collaboration with DOER, launched the Mass. as First Customer Program, which aims to help young, innovative clean energy firms develop market and customers at public entities for their products, technologies and services. Working with DOER and DCAMM, the program has held 2 innovative technology vendor fairs, one targeted at all public agencies and one at public colleges and universities. Additionally, the Program is identifying a small subset of companies that have products ready to go to market and will work closely with state partners to identify potential host sites for both pilots and installations.

Massachusetts also supports an extensive system of clean energy R&D and market development centers and incubators, including:  Institute of Energy and Sustainability, North Shore Innoventures, and other entrepreneurship incubators that do not focus on clean energy specifically but do support some energy efficiency businesses. In 2015, DOER worked with UMass again to expand services to residents and businesses through the Clean Energy Extension (CEE) program. The CEE works to reduce market barriers and accelerate the adoption of clean energy for Massachusetts cities and towns, businesses, institutions, farms, low income and multi-unit housing, and others. The CEE's mission is to provide outreach, technical assistance, and research to the market.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Michigan NextEnergy Center is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization focused on energy efficiency and battery storage that leases laboratory facilities, business incubator space, and other facilities to support the state's alternative energy industry. NextEnergy partners with Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC) to provide energy related services to companies in the areas of energy storage, energy efficiency, mobility, and advanced transportation related issues for both mature and early stage companies.  The MEDC has established a matching fund, the MATch (Michigan Accelerating Technologies) Energy Grant, for federal funding opportunities in the energy field from a variety of federal agencies.  

NextEnergy also runs the I-Corps Energy and Transportation program in conjunction with UM who is an NSF I-Corp node, and helps with white papers, grant writing, and business plan development.  They also provide services for the MEDC Business Development & Attraction teams with match making and generating leads, and they are working with the Automotive team on advanced mobility and Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).   

The Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan conducts research to help deliver energy efficiency solutions, new clean energy jobs, and provide natural resource, environmental, and economic technologies.  Research includes energy-efficient buildings, solar, CHP, biomass, and wind energy.  The Center was first created in March 2011, funded by an initial grant from the Michigan Energy Office and its private sector partner, Energy Systems Group.

In the past, the state has provided funding for the Michigan NextEnergy Center and the Clean Energy Research Center. While these programs are still ongoing, they do not currently receive funding from the state. 

Last Updated: July 2017

To help achieve the State Energy Conservation Goal on a sustained basis, the Next Generation Energy Act of 2007 (the Act) created a Conservation Applied Research and Development (CARD) Grant Program funded through utility assessments. With a $3.6 million annual budget and over $25.5 million in funded R&D since its establishment, the CARD Program is designed to identify new technologies or strategies to maximize energy savings, improve the effectiveness of energy conservation programs, and document the carbon dioxide reductions from energy conservation projects. The CARD program currently has a portfolio of approximately 90 R&D projects that have leveraged over $6.3 million in matching funds from grantees. 

The Center of Diesel Research at the University of Minnesota focuses on the energy-efficiency and environmental impact of internal combustion engines. The Center for Energy and Environment’s Innovation Exchange is a hub for researching, synthesizing and pioneering energy efficiency solutions.   

The Center for Energy and Environment is a hub for independent research, analysis and pioneering energy efficiency solutions.  

The Center for Sustainable Building Research at the University of Minnesota leads and supports the transformation of the regional built environment to provide for the ecological, economic, and social needs of the present without compromising those of the future. Research areas include guiding and rating systems, housing, life cycle assessment, windows and glazing, design for community resilience, and building evaluation.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Energy Institute (EI) at Mississippi State University works to develop new technologies to promote energy efficiency through combined heating and power concepts and energy audits, as well as developing technology to generate renewable transportation and heating fuel from biomass.

Under Mississippi's “Smart Business Act”, a corporation collaborating with a State university for research and development purposes, including energy-related research, is eligible for a 25 percent rebate of the total research costs.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Midwest Energy Efficiency Research Consortium (MEERC) located at the University of Missouri-Columbia in partnership with regional industry partners and government agencies, is focused on developing academic courses and training programs, advancing development and applications of energy efficient technologies and disseminating information on the value of energy efficiency.  Six consortium partner centers are part of MEERC -Lighting Research Center, High Performance Building Center, Energy Solutions and Service Center, Agricultural Energy Efficiency Center, Low Energy Heating and Cooling Center, and Energy Efficiency in Water and Wastewater Center. 

The National Energy Retrofit Institute at the University of Central Missouri is a consortium formed to promote an energy retrofit model for the residential energy efficiency sector.

The Energy Research and Development Center at Missouri University of Science and Technology.  Research includes a spectrum of energy issues including resources and efficiency of their use, processing facilities, generation facilities and the entire energy infrastructure needed as well as ensuring the sustainability of our environment.

Last Updated: July 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Nebraska Center for Energy Sciences Research (NCESR) is a fifteen-year initiative between the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and the Nebraska Public Power District (NPPD) established in 2006  to conduct research on renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and energy conservation, and to expand economic opportunities and improve quality of life for Nebraska and the nation. The Center supports both basic and applied research and has a broad mandate to explore a range of renewable energy opportunities (including biofuels, wind, and solar energy), as well as opportunities for energy conservation.  To date, $10 million has been contributed to the initiative.

The Energy Savings Potential (ESP) program is a collaboration between the University of Nebraska at Omaha and Omaha Public Power District. Since 2006, OPPD has allocated $500,000 a year for research on consumer behavior and ways to reduce energy consumption. Past research has studied low-income energy usage, neighborhood energy action efforts, real-time energy monitoring and commercial customer energy efficiency program adoption.

University of Nebraska Utility Corporation (NUCorp) is a partnership between Lincoln Electric System and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln to develop new projects for identifying, financing, implementing and tracking demand-side management and energy efficiency projects at the university.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Center for Energy Research at University of Nevada-Las Vegas engages in both energy efficiency and renewable energy research. Conventional power generation systems, energy conservation devices and systems, and environmental control issues for energy systems are of interest.

Last Updated: July 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology (CST) administers the Edison Innovation Clean Energy Fund through a Memorandum of Understanding with the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (BPU). The Clean Energy Fund provides grants of $100,000 to $500,000 to New Jersey companies for demonstration projects and developmental and ancillary activities necessary to commercialize identified renewable energy technologies and innovative technologies that significantly increase energy efficiency. All grants are subject to a 50% matching funds requirement. Businesses may also apply for and receive up to 20% of the approved grant amount in equity-like financing from the New Jersey Economic Development Authority (EDA) for non-research and development related costs.

The Rutgers Center for Green Building promotes green building through research, advocacy and education. The Center conducts applied research utilizing planned and existing green building projects, works with industry and government to promote these concepts, and develops undergraduate, graduate and professional education programs. It seeks to establish itself as the pre-eminent interdisciplinary center for green building excellence in the Northeast, while serving as a single accessible locus for fostering collaboration among green building practitioners and policy-makers.

Last Updated: August 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) supports a broad range of technology research, development and commercialization activities, and exists within a deep network of other New York based organizations having similar missions. NYSERDA makes strategically significant investments in scientific research, market analysis, product development, and technology field validation. These investments are used to provide knowledge on the environmental impacts of current and emerging energy options, conduct early-stage market analysis associated with new technologies, advance clean energy innovations towards market readiness, and stimulate an innovation economy in New York.  The support provided by NYSERDA to develop and test new products and technologies have and will improve the energy efficiency and expand the energy options for the buildings, industrial, transportation, power, and environmental sectors of the New York economy. In addition to the investments made to assist with technology development and validation, NYSERDA also helps to build a growing clean energy business ecosystem through investments in multi-use assets and through support for industry consortia; the aim of which is to support the environment or ecosystem within which clean technology companies are more likely to be incepted and nurtured for better growth prospects. Key components of this strategy are Proof of Concept Centers (POCC) and Incubators. 

The Center for Sustainable & Renewable Energy (CSRE) at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry is a clearinghouse for all 64 SUNY campuses’ research and development in the areas of energy efficiency and sustainability.  Its current efficiency focuses are the New York “Green Campus” Energy Efficiency Initiative and a water efficiency feasibility study involving Lake Ontario.

The Building Energy and Environmental Systems Laboratory (BEESL) at Syracuse University is a research lab associated with the Syracuse Center of Excellence in Environmental and Energy Systems, the New York Strategically Targeted Academic Research Center for Environmental Quality Systems, and the New York Indoor Environmental Quality Center. BEESL advances technologies for indoor environmental quality, energy efficient buildings, air conditioning and refrigeration manufacturing, and power generation and distribution. It was established in November 1999 with funds from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the New York State Assembly, National Grid, Syracuse University, and a $2 million gift from Frances and Fritz Traugott.  It has a staff of nearly 40 and is funded through research grants from a variety of US agencies, New York State agencies, NGOs, and corporations, as well as from Syracuse University.

The Institute for Urban Systems at City University of New York (CIUS) identifies innovative solutions to the problems of aging capital stock, environmental sustainability, and urban economic competitiveness in the management of transportation, energy, water, buildings, and other infrastructure systems.

The Energy and Environmental Technology Application Center (E2TAC) at Albany State University is also at the forefront of energy-related issues such as smart grid energy efficiency, thermoelectric, power electronics, sensors and superconductors, and advanced PVs.

The Clean Energy Fund (CEF), recently approved in NYS provides a consistent funding commitment over a 10-year period (nomial R&D investment is $70 million annually) for strategic investments in clean energy research and development. This long-term support is unique compared with other states and provides a strong signal to entrepreneurs and startup companies that NY is willing to make the sustained commitment necessary to develop and commercialize clean energy technologies that support the economy and the environment.

Last Updated: August 2017

The North Carolina Solar Center focuses on energy efficiency to assist commercial and industrial clients in saving energy. This team operates multiple programs focusing on combined heat and power (CHP) technology in the Southeast. The Center also operates the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE).

The Center for Energy Research and Technology (CERT) at North Carolina A&T State University conducts research on reducing energy and water consumption and promoting sustainable energy design practices. The Center is currently focused on creating an energy efficient, environmentally responsible society by promoting and developing carbon dioxide emissions reduction, energy independence, and net-zero energy and sustainable design practices. The center was founded in 1984, and receives funding from the city of Greensboro and the North Carolina Department of Commerce.

Appalachian State University’s Energy Center, housed within the College of Graduate Studies and Research, is an applied research and public service program through which the university makes its resources, faculty and professional staff available to address economic, business, government and social issues and problems related to renewable energy policy, technology and development.

Last Updated: July 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Center for Energy, Sustainability, and the Environment (CESE) at Ohio State University (OSU) is a research center for the College of Engineering to coalesce its research strengths, including clean energy, energy efficiency, and policy. CESE conducts research in efficient energy infrastructure systems (e.g. power grid, and transportation networks), as well as "systems of energy systems" (e.g. smart micro grids, and markets). CESE also serves to integrate and advance the research strengths represented through several affiliated centers and labs.  

Last Updated: July 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Oregon Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies Center (BEST) is an independent, nonprofit organization established by the Oregon legislature to help Oregon businesses compete globally by transforming and commercializing university research into new technologies, services, products, and companies. BEST shares research facilities for study of energy-efficient buildings as well as providing energy-efficiency research grants.

The University of Oregon Energy Studies in Building Laboratory conducts research on buildings and related transportation to develop strategies for maximum energy efficiency in new materials, components, assemblies, and whole buildings.

The Baker Lighting Lab at University of Oregon provides support and opportunities for the exploration of light design ideas.  Among other facets, it studies daylighting and the control of these systems.

Portland State University’s Renewable Energy Research Labconducts sustainable urban development research, which covers smart grid development and net-zero energy use. The Lab is a joint University-Portland General Electric (PGE) project, established in 2010 with $50,000 in funding from the utility.

The Energy Trust of Oregon is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to helping utility customers benefit from saving energy and generating renewable energy. In the area of energy efficiency, the Trust runs programs to field test emerging technologies.

The Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium (OTREC) is a university transportation center, based at Portland State University. It is a partnership between Portland State University, the University of Oregon, Oregon State University and the Oregon Institute of Technology. The group supports innovation through advanced technology, integration of land use and transportation, and healthy communities. OTREC has teamed up with Portland-based Green Lite Motors to bring a 100 mile-per-gallon vehicle closer to market. 

Last Updated: July 2017

The Energy Research Center (ERC) at Lehigh University is a multidisciplinary research group with major emphasis on research dealing with energy conversion, power generation, and environmental control. Research within the Center is supported by contracts and grants from government and industry. The Center has particularly close ties with industry, with a significant number of joint research projects involving Lehigh faculty, staff, and students and staff from private industry. The Center also operates the Energy Liaison Program, which provides consultation and problem-solving assistance to participating companies for up to $20,000 a year.

The Indoor Environment Center (IEC) at the Penn State Institutes of Energy and the Environment conducts interdisciplinary research, knowledge transfer, and outreach activities to support the development of indoor environments that are more safe, more thermally, visually, and acoustically comfortable, and that minimize the use of energy and other resources.

The Consortium for Building Energy Innovation (CBEI) is located at the Navy Yard in Philadelphia. CBEI is comprised of 14 organizations including major research universities, global industrial firms, and national laboratories from across the United States who collaborate to develop and demonstrate solutions for 50% energy reduction in existing buildings by 2030. CBEI is a research and demonstration center that works in close partnership with DOE's Building Technologies Office. 

In addition, several state-funded financial incentives encourage research activities. The Pennsylvania Energy Development Authority requires a research component directly related to each project, and the Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant (AFIG) funds innovative research projects including electric vehicles and fuel cells.

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Rhode Island Cooperative Extension created the Energy Fellows Program to place students with various energy companies, agencies, and organizatins throughout the state to get workforce training and learn about Rhode Island energy issues. Most of the 2017 participants conduct research and outreach on energy efficiency. 

Last Updated: August 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Tennessee has a strong partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which collaborates with other state stakeholders and industry members, including the Electric Power Research Institute.  The University of Tennessee Research Foundation (UTRF) also promotes the commercialization and deployment of advanced technologies, some of which are related to energy efficiency.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s (ORNL) Clean Energy research directly contributes to the national goals of increasing energy production, improving energy transmission, reducing energy consumption, and understanding the environmental consequences of energy consumption. ORNL collaborates with local, regional and national stakeholders including partners from industry, universities, and utilities to develop and deploy energy efficient technologies and systems. ORNL is home to several Department of Energy-designated National User Facilities for collaborative research and development on energy efficient technologies including the Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, the Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, the Manufacturing Demonstration Facility, and the National Transportation Research Center. ORNL is managed by UT – Battelle. One intiative funded by the State of Tennessee and ORNL - the UT-ORNL Governor’s Chair for High Performance Energy Practices in Urban Environments - attracts top researchers to use ORNL's Building Technologies Research and Integration Center to push new energy-efficient building products to the market. Through this program, ORNL researchers and architects from Skidmore, Owings & Merrill along with UT College of Architecture and Design and nearly 20 other partners unveiled a 3-D printed building and plug-in hybrid electric and natural gas powered vehicle that produce and share energy. The shared energy system—Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy (AMIE) —promotes energy efficiency and integrates energy systems using advanced building control and power management strategies to enable maximum use of energy.  

The Center for Ultra-Wide-Area Resilient Electric Energy Transmission Networks (CURENT) at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville is jointly supported by NSF and the Department of Energy. CURENT's research focuses on improvement in transmission grid, better accommodation of renewable energy sources, full utilization of energy storage, and accommodation of responsive load.

The Center for Manufacturing Research at Tennessee Technological University focuses on advanced manufacturing and materials for energy storage and conversion.  The Center conducts energy assessments as part of its DOE-funded Industrial Assessment Center, where engineering professors and students perform onsite energy assessments on industrial sites to locate and recommend energy efficiency opportunities.  

The Institute for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation (IACMI): On January 9, 2015, President Obama announced that the University of Tennessee would lead this $259 million public-private partnership that focuses on advanced fiber-reinforced polymer composites, which combine strong fibers with tough plastics to cost-effectively manufacture materials that are lighter and stronger than steel. The Institute reflects a $70 million commitment from the U.S. Department of Energy and $189 million from IACMI's partners (ORNL and Tennessee-based Vanderbilt University are partners). Established as a nonprofit 501(c)(3) in Tennessee by the UT Research Foundation, IACMI has also received a $15 million commitment from the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development as part of an effort to facilitate breakthroughs in energy-efficient manufacturing and materials. The Innovation Institute for advanced composites will aim to overcome barriers to widespread use by developing low-cost, high-speed, and energy-efficient manufacturing and recycling processes. Through this work, the Institute will focus on lowering the cost of advanced composites by 50 percent, reducing the energy used to make composites by 75 percent and increasing the recyclability of composites to over 95 percent within 10 years.

Last Updated: August 2017

The Texas A&M Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL) is a division of the Texas Engineering Experiment Station and focuses on energy-related research, energy efficiency, and emissions reduction. ESL directs its efforts toward innovative energy technologies and systems and commercializing affordable results for industry, and also plays an important role in the implementation of state energy standards. TEES researchers are also developing web based tools to test the energy efficiency of new homes before construction. 

The Center for Energy and Environmental Resources (CEER) serves as the central liaison for energy and environmental research, education, and public service at the University of Texas at Austin. It focuses on efficient and economical use of energy and on ensuring a cleaner environment by developing, in cooperation with industry, processes and technologies that minimize waste and conserve natural resources. CEER occupies over 43,000 sq. feet of lab and office space, and is funded from numerous state, federal, and private sources.

In addition, the State Energy Office supports clean energy business technology incubators affiliated with three universities. Companies served by these incubators deliver products and services for the overall energy efficiency space. 

Last Updated: July 2017

The University of Utah leads the Alliance for Computationally-guided Design of Energy Efficiency Electronic Materials (CDE3M), a partnership between the University of Utah, Boston University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Pennsylvania State University, Harvard University, Brown University, the University of California, Davis, and the Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy. This program was formed as a result of a need by the U.S. Army for more energy efficient power supplies and materials. Research areas include electrochemical energy devices, heterogeneous metamorphic electronics, and hybrid photonic devices.

The USTAR Energy Research Triangle (ERT) Program offers competitive grants aime at fostering energy innovation across Utah's universities. The program offers two categories of grants: one that encourages collaboration among researcher professors across the state, and another for students conducting research on energy.

Last Updated: August 2017

The University of Vermont Smart Grid Research Center conducts research on the technological, human behavior, and public policy implications of smart grid technology, including its use to increase energy efficiency. 

Last Updated: July 2017

The Southern Virginia Product Advancement Center, formerly known as the Riverstone Energy Centre, offers services supporting commercialization of new clean energy technologies, including energy efficiency. The R&D Center for Advanced Manufacturing and Energy Efficiency supports projects in advanced manufacturing and energy efficiency.

The state also offers grants to encourage collaboration between private investors and Virginia’s educational institutions to conduct R&D activities in the tobacco regions of the Commonwealth.

Last Updated: July 2017

The Smart Buildings Center, formerly known as the Northwest Building Energy Technology Hub (NBETH), is a statewide proof-of-concept center and regional test bed for building energy technology development and commercial acceleration. The State of Washington provided $5 million in state capital funds for the program.

The Energy Program at Washington State University (WSU) is a self-supported department that operates similar to a consulting firm. Its mission is to advance environmental and economic well-being by providing energy services, products, education and information based on world-class research.

The Clean Energy Fund Research, Development and Demonstration Match Program is a grant for entities seeking to obtain match required by non-state funders for clean energy technology projects. The Clean Energy Fund was created in 2013 and refunded in 2015 is effectively a green bank for the state. The current budget for the Clean Energy Fund is $30 million.

Last Updated: July 2017

The West Virginia University Energy Institute works to achieve energy independence and to transition to more sustainable energy forms. Research projects focus on carbon capture and geologic storage, high-efficiency engines and vehicle technologies, fuel production, clean power generation and distribution, utilization of coal for clean fuels and chemicals, biomass conversion and utilization, and sustainable use of water in energy production. AEI currently has 15 staff in their Sustainable Energy program, which houses the Initiative’s energy efficiency research. 

Last Updated: July 2017

Seventhwave (formerly Energy Center of Wisconsin) is an independent nonprofit that advances sustainability through energy consulting, continuing education, research and program design. It conducts technology and field research; education programs; program evaluation and market research; program development; and implementation. The organization is funded through state, ratepayer, private, and other sources, and features an award-winning program on building energy use in commercial new construction. 

Wisconsin Focus on Energy operates an Emerging Technology (ET) program that promotes emerging, industrial, energy efficiency technologies.  The program deploys and commercializes those emerging industrial technologies that have the potential for large, cost-effective energy savings and multiple installations in Wisconsin. The program can provide technology evaluations, development plans, and funding for businesses that have developed new technologies.

Solar Energy Lab (SEL) at University of Wisconsin emphasizes the application of engineering concepts to energy problems, including solar heating, PVs, dessicant and absorption cooling, and HVAC and air quality. Thermal energy storage and the optimal control of the heating and cooling processes are two of SEL’s main research areas that focus on energy savings in building systems. SEL partners with Solar Energy Applications Laboratory at Colorado State University, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to conduct cooperative research. SEL also received sponsorships from ASHRAE on building test facilities.

Last Updated: September 2017

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017