State and Local Policy Database

Energy & Water Utilities Summary

This section covers city policies related to the efficiency efforts of utilities that serve them and the extent to which cities partner with their local utilities to enable efficiency programs. In nearly every state, customers of energy utilities fund energy efficiency programs through their utility bills. While the policies that shape energy utility programs and the level of spending are often determined at the state level by public utility regulatory commissions, in these cases cities can partner with their energy utilities to promote these programs, can leverage utility resources for city-funded programs, and advocate for expanded spending and programs that best serve their citizens by participating in state regulatory and legislative processes. In cities where the electric or gas utility is municipally owned, local governments can more directly influence these programs. Municipal utility efficiency programs can be tied to local policies and sustainability and/or climate plans. When cities are served by more than one utility or third-party administrator for a single utility service we look at the utility serving the largest number of customers in the city.

Drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater utilities are also important actors in influencing energy efficiency, and they often implement programs to improve energy and water efficiency in their systems and for their customers. Water utilities are often directly controlled by city governments. In other cases the utilities are independent regional agencies serving multiple cities.

Virginia Electric Power & Light (VEP&L), an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Dominion Power, is the primary electric utility serving Arlington County. Washington Gas, an IOU, is Arlington’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Virginia has set a legislative goal of reducing electricity consumption by 10% from a 2006 baseline by 2022. The utilities must submit integrated resource plans to the State Corporation Commission laying out demand-side resources. Energy efficiency programs have been approved in past years. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Virginia page of the State Database.

The Arlington Department of Environmental Services is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services.

Last Updated: October 2015

Georgia Power, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of Atlanta. The primary natural gas supplier for Atlanta is Atlanta Gas Light, an IOU. The City of Atlanta is an active promoter of Georgia Power’s electric and Atlanta Gas Light’s gas efficiency programs. The State of Georgia requires electric utilities to file Integrated Resource Plans (IRP) to the Georgia Public Service Commission every three years. These plans may include Demand Side Management programs. Natural Gas utilities are not required to file IRPs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Georgia page of the State Database.

The Atlanta Watershed Management Division is the municipal utility which provides the City of Atlanta with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: January 2017

Austin Energy, a municipally-operated utility, is the primary electric utility for the City of Austin. Texas Gas Service, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Austin’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Texas requires its investor-owned electric utilities to offset load-growth through end-use energy efficiency, mandated through an EERS. The IOUs must also submit their energy savings goals to the Public Utility Commission of Texas. The municipally-run utilities must set their own efficiency targets. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Texas page of the State Database.

Austin Water, a municipally-operated utility provides drinking water, treats wastewater, and manages stormwater for the City of Austin. In Austin, each entity runs its own rate-payer funded efficiency programs.

Last Updated: January 2017

Baltimore Gas and Electric (BG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas and electric utility serving the City of Baltimore. To help BG&E reach the EERS target, the City of Baltimore is an active promoter of BG&E’s energy efficiency programs. The State of Maryland requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and requires documentation of planned energy efficiency programs to the Public Service Commission annually. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency please visit the Maryland page of the State Database. On the state level, Baltimore strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for its utilities.

The Bureau of Water and Wastewater, in the Department of Public Works, provides Baltimore with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: January 2017

Alabama Power, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Birmingham. Alagasco, an IOU, is Birmingham’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Alabama has not yet implemented an energy efficiency portfolio standard in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Alabama page of the State Database.

The Birmingham Water Works is a public utility supplying drinking water to residents of Birmingham and the SouthWest Water Company is a regional wastewater utility that serves the city.

Last Updated: January 2017

Eversource, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving Boston. National Grid (Boston Gas) is also an IOU and is Boston’s primary gas utility. Both utilities provide their customers with a variety of energy efficiency programs. The City of Boston partners with the utilities and is an active promoter of their efficiency programs. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS. To learn more about utility policies and programs for the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts, please visit the State Policy Database. At the state level, Boston strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA) is Boston’s regional water authority. MWRA provides its Boston customers with water and sewer services and bills customers. The Boston Water and Sewer Commission (BWSC) owns the lines, hydrants, and pumping stations. BWSC also has jurisdiction over the stormwater management of the city. The City of Boston partners with MWRA and BWSC to increase the energy and water efficiency both at end use and throughout the system.

Last Updated: January 2017

Xcel, an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU), is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the city of Boulder. The State of Colorado requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS as well as efficiency requirements within Demand Side Management plans to be filed annually.  To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Colorado page of the State Database.

Boulder Water Utilities Division is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Boulder.

Last Updated: October 2015

Burlington Electric, a municipally run utility, is the primary electric utility serving the city of Burlington. Vermont Gas, an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU), is Burlington’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Vermont created a statewide energy efficiency utility (EEU) which delivers electric and fuel energy efficiency services. The EEUs are funded by a tariff on customer’s electric distribution bill.  To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Vermont page of the State Database.

The Burlington Department of Public Works is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Burlington.

Last Updated: October 2015

Duke Energy Carolinas, an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Carrboro. PSNC Energy, an IOU, is Carrboro’s primary natural gas utility. The State of North Carolina has implemented a renewable energy and energy efficiency portfolio standard in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs.  To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the North Carolina page of the State Database.

Orange Water and Sewer Authority is the municipal-utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment and stormwater services to the city of Carrboro.

Last Updated: April 2014

Duke Energy Carolinas, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Charlotte. Piedmont Natural Gas, an IOU, is Charlotte’s primary natural gas utility. The State of North Carolina has implemented a renewable energy and energy efficiency portfolio standard in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the North Carolina page of the State Database.

Charlotte-Mecklenberg Utilities (CMUD) is the municipal-county utility that provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater services to the City of Charlotte.

Last Updated: January 2017

Virginia Electric Power & Light (VEP&L), an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Dominion Power, is the primary electric utility serving Charlottesville.  Charlottesville Gas, a Municipally-Owned Utility (muni), is Charlottesville’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Virginia has set a legislative goal of reducing electricity consumption by 10% from a 2006 baseline by 2022. The utilities must submit integrated resource plans to the State Corporation Commission laying out demand-side resources. Energy efficiency programs have been approved in past years. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Virginia page of the State Database.

The Charlottesville Department of Public Utilities is the municipal utility which provides drinking water and stormwater management services to the City of Charlottesville.  The Rivanna Water & Sewer Authority is a regional wastewater utility that serves Charlottesville.

Last Updated: October 2015

Commonwealth Edison (ComEd), an investor-owned utility (IOU) is the primary electric service provider for the City of Chicago. Peoples Gas, an IOU, is Chicago’s primary natural gas supplier. To help Commonwealth Edison and Peoples Gas reach the state EERS target, the City of Chicago is an active promoter of energy efficiency programs. Currently, the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) receives 25% of total funding for energy efficiency programs raised by utility tariffs to administer public-sector and low-income energy efficiency offerings. Beginning in 2018, responsibility for these programs will shift to electric and natural gas utilities. On the state level, Chicago strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The State of Illinois requires energy efficiency program spending and energy savings targets for its utilities through an EERS. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Illinois page of the State Database.

The Chicago Department of Water Management is the municipal utility which provides Chicago with drinking water services and stormwater management. The utilities partner to run some efficiency programs, as well as run some independently. The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRD) is the regional wastewater treatment utility and also coordinates stormwater management in Cook County.

Last Updated: January 2017

Duke Energy Ohio, an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Duke Energy, is the primary electric utility and natural gas utility serving Cincinnati. The State of Ohio requires spending and savings targets for its IOU through an EERS (SB221). The utilities must propose energy efficiency plans and file annual reports to the commission. However, in 2014, S.B. 310 placed a two-year freeze on energy efficiency requirements and allowed utilities that had achieved 4.2% cumulative savings to reduce or eliminate offerings. Efforts to extend this freeze under HB 554 were vetoed by the governor in December 2016, and savings targets resumed in 2017. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Ohio page of the State Database

The Greater Cincinnati Water Works provides drinking water services to the City of Cincinnati. The Metropolitan Sewer District of Greater Cincinnati (MSD) provides wastewater treatment services to Cincinnati.

Last Updated: January 2017

The Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company (CEI), an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to FirstEnergy, is the primary electric utility serving Cleveland. Dominion East Ohio, an IOU, is Cleveland’s primary gas utility. The State of Ohio requires spending and savings targets for its IOU through an EERS (SB221). The utilities must propose energy efficiency plans and file annual reports to the commission. However, in 2014, S.B. 310 placed a two-year freeze on energy efficiency requirements and allowed utilities that had achieved 4.2% cumulative savings to reduce or eliminate offerings. Efforts to extend this freeze under HB 554 were vetoed by the governor in December 2016, and savings targets resumed in 2017. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Ohio page of the State Database.

Cleveland Water provides drinking water services and stormwater management to the City of Cleveland. The Northeast Ohio Sewer District (NEORSD) is a regional wastewater utility that serves Cleveland.

Last Updated: January 2017

American Electric Power (AEP Ohio; Ohio Power), an investor-owned utilities (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Columbus. Columbia Gas Ohio, an IOU, is Columbus’s primary gas utility. The City of Columbus is an active promoter of the energy efficiency programs. The State of Ohio requires spending and savings targets for its IOU through an EERS (SB221). The utilities must propose energy efficiency plans and file annual reports to the commission. However, in 2014, S.B. 310 placed a two-year freeze on energy efficiency requirements and allowed utilities that had achieved 4.2% cumulative savings to reduce or eliminate offerings. Efforts to extend this freeze under HB 554 were vetoed by the governor in December 2016, and savings targets resumed in 2017. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Ohio page of the State Database. On the state level, Columbus strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The Columbus Department of Public Utilities provides drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management to the City of Columbus.

Last Updated: January 2017

Oncor, an investor-owned utility (IOU) is the primary electric utility serving the City of Dallas. The primary natural gas IOU serving Dallas is Atmos. The City of Dallas is an active promoter of Oncor’s electric efficiency programs. The State of Texas requires electric utilities to offset load-growth through end-use energy efficiency, mandated through an EERS. The utilities must also submit their energy savings goals to the Public Utility Commission of Texas. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Texas page of the State Database. On the state level, Dallas strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for electric efficiency projects for Oncor.

Dallas Water Utilities provides Dallas with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.  

Last Updated: January 2017

Xcel (Public Service Co. of Colorado), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas and electric utility serving the City of Denver. The City of Denver is an active promoter of Xcel’s energy efficiency programs. The State of Colorado requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS as well as efficiency requirements within demand-side management plans to be filed annually. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Colorado page of the State Database. On the state level, Denver strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

Denver Water is an independent entity providing drinking water in Denver. The Metro Wastewater Reclamation District treats Denver’s wastewater. Denver Wastewater Management is the municipal utility charged with managing Denver’s stormwater. The Denver Energy Challenge, located in the Office of Strategic Partnerships, administers the energy efficiency programs in partnership with the utilities.

Last Updated: January 2017

Detroit Edison Co. (DTE), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Detroit. MichCon Gas, an IOU and subsidiary to DTE, is Detroit’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Michigan requires spending and savings targets for its electric and rate-regulated natural gas utilities through an EERS. The utilities must file documentation of energy efficiency programs to the state PUC. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Michigan page of the State Database.

The Detroit Water and Sewerage Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatement, and stormwater management services to the City of Detroit.

Last Updated: January 2017

Interstate Power & Light (IPL), an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Alliant Energy, is the primary electric utility serving the city of Dubuque. Black Hills Energy, an IOU, is Dubuque’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Iowa requires utilities to administer energy efficiency programs under regulation by the Iowa Utilities Board. The rate-regulated electric and natural gas utilities must submit cost-effective energy efficiency plans and voluntary goals. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Iowa page of the State Database.

The Dubuque Water Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Dubuque.

Last Updated: October 2013

El Paso Electric, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of El Paso. Texas Gas, an IOU, is El Paso’s primary natural gas utility. The City of El Paso is an active promoter of El Paso Electric’s gas efficiency programs. The State of Texas requires electric utilities to offset load-growth through end-use energy efficiency, mandated through an EERS. The utilities must also submit their energy savings goals to the Public Utility Commission of Texas. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Texas page of the State Database. On the state level, El Paso strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for electric efficiency projects its electric utilities.

The El Paso Water Utility is the municipal utility which provides drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management for the city of El Paso.

Last Updated: January 2017

Oncor, and investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Fort Worth. Atmos Energy, and IOU, is Fort Worth’s primary natural gas supplier. The City of Fort Worth is an active promoter of Atmos and Oncor’s energy efficiency programs. The State of Texas requires electric utilities to offset load-growth through end-use energy efficiency, mandated through an EERS. The utilities must also submit their energy savings goals to the Public Utility Commission of Texas. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Texas page of the State Database.

The Fort Worth Water Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water services and wastewater treatment to the City of Fort Worth. Stormwater management and services are provided by Fort Worth’s Transportation and Public Works Department (TPW).

Last Updated: January 2017

Eversource, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving Hartford. Connecticut Natural Gas, an IOU, is Hartford’s primary natural gas utility. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The Metropolitan District (MDC) for the City of Hartford is the municipal utility that provides the city with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: January 2017

CenterPoint Energy, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas and electric utility serving the city of Houston. The City of Houston is an active promoter of CenterPoint’s energy efficiency programs. The State of Texas requires electric utilities to offset load-growth through end-use energy efficiency, mandated through an EERS. The utilities must also submit their energy savings goals to the Public Utility Commission of Texas. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Texas page of the State Database. On the state level, Houston strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The Houston Public Works and Engineering Department is the municipal utility that provides Houston with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: January 2017

Indianapolis Power and Light (IPL), and investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of Indianapolis. Citizens Energy, an IOU, is Indianapolis’s primary natural gas utility. The City of Indianapolis is an active promoter of the energy efficiency programs. The State of Indiana requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and efficiency inclusion in utility Integrated Resource Plans (IRP)s. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Indiana page of the State Database. On the state level, Indianapolis strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

Citizens Water, an IOU, is the primary drinking water provider as well as the wastewater manager for the City of Indianapolis. Citizens Water and the Department of Public Works (municipal) both manage stormwater for Indianapolis. The utilities administer their programs to customers as a result of regulatory order.

Last Updated: January 2017

JEA (Jacksonville Electric Authority) is the municipal utility which provides electricity, drinking water services, and wastewater treatment to the City of Jacksonville. TECO Peoples Gas, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Jacksonville’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Florida requires all electric utilities (municipal and IOU) with sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The Jacksonville Stormwater Utility manages the stormwater for Jacksonville, and JEA manages Jacksonville's drinking water supply.

Last Updated: January 2017

Kansas City Power & Light (KCP&L), an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Great Plains Energy, is the primary electric utility serving Kansas City. Missouri Gas Energy, an IOU, is Kansas City’s primary natural gas utility. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Missouri page of the State Database.

Kansas City Water Services (KC Water) is the municipally-run utility responsible for providing drinking water, treating wastewater, and managing stormwater for Kansas City.

Last Updated: January 2017

The Knoxville Utilities Board (KUB), a municipally-run utility, is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the city of Knoxville. The municipal energy utilities implement Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)-funded energy efficiency programs which are outlined in the TVA Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Tennessee page of the State Database.

KUB is also the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Knoxville.

Last Updated: October 2015

Nevada Energy (NV Energy), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving Las Vegas. Southwest Gas, an IOU, is Las Vegas’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Nevada has established requirements for energy efficiency programs provided by the state's investor-owned electric utilities, as well as integrated resource planning. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Nevada page of the State Database.

Las Vegas Valley Water District and Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) provide drinking water services to residents of Las Vegas. The City of Las Vegas Water Pollution Control Facilities is the municipal utility which provides wastewater treatment services and the Clark County Regional Flood Control District is responsible for stormwater management services.

Last Updated: January 2017

Westar Energy Corp, an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the city of Lawrence. Black Hills Energy, an IOU, is Lawrence’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Kansas encourages and collaborates with electric and natural gas utilities to provide customer programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Kansas page of the State Database.

The Lawrence Utility Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Lawrence.

Last Updated: October 2013

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) is the municipal utility which provides electricity and drinking water services to the City of Los Angeles. Southern California Gas (SoCal Gas), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary natural gas utility for the City of Los Angeles. The State of California requires spending and savings targets for its IOUs through an EERS and requires local government- utility partnerships through mandate by the California PUC. The municipally-run utilities are not required to meet the state EERS targets and report through the California Energy Commission. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database.

The Los Angeles Public Works Department, Bureau of Sanitation is the municipal utility which provides stormwater management and wastewater treatment for the city. LADWP and the Bureau of Sanitation work together to provide recycled water to many areas of the city.

Last Updated: February 2017

Louisville Gas & Electric (LG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the City of Louisville. The State of Kentucky has not yet implemented an energy efficiency portfolio standard in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Kentucky page of the State Database.

The Louisville Water Company supplies drinking water to residents of Louisville and the Metropolitan Sewer District is the regional wastewater utility that serves the city.

Last Updated: January 2017

Madison Gas & Electric (MGE), an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU), is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the city of Madison. The State of Wisconsin requires spending and savings targets for its electric and natural gas utilities through a PSC act. The utilities pool their required spending totals into the Statewide Energy Efficiency and Renewables Administration (SEERA) which contracts out for companies to administer the energy efficiency programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Wisconsin page of the State Database.

The Madison Water Utility is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Madison.

Last Updated: October 2015

Memphis Light, Gas, and Water (MLGW) is the municipal utility which provides electricity, natural gas, and drinking water to the City of Memphis. The Tennessee Regulatory Authority sets the rates and services standards of the investor-owned natural gas, electric, and water utilities. The municipal energy utilities implement Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)-funded energy efficiency programs, which are outlined in the TVA Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Tennessee page of the State Database.

The Department of Public Works is the municipal utility which provides wastewater treatment and stormwater management services for Memphis.

Last Updated: January 2017

Florida Power & Light (FPL), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Miami. Florida City Gas, an IOU, is Miami’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department is the municipal-county utility which provides Miami with drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services.

Last Updated: January 2017

We Energies, an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary of WEC Energy Group, is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the City of Milwaukee. The State of Wisconsin requires spending and savings targets for its electric and natural gas utilities through a PSC act. The utilities pool their required spending totals into the Statewide Energy Efficiency and Renewables Administration (SEERA). SEERA is required to create and fund Focus on Energy and to contract, on the basis of competitive bids, with one or more persons to administer the programs. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Wisconsin page of the State Database.

Milwaukee Water Works provides drinking water services to the City of Milwaukee. The Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District (MMSD) is a regional wastewater utility that serves Milwaukee.

Last Updated: January 2017

Xcel Northern States Power (Xcel Energy), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Minneapolis. CenterPoint Energy, an IOU, is Minneapolis’s primary natural gas utility. The City of Minneapolis is an active promoter of electric and gas efficiency programs. The State of Minnesota requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS. Utilities are also required to file IRPs to the Public Utilities Commission identifying how known resources will meet consumer need in future years. This includes energy efficiency as a significant resource. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Minnesota page of the State Database. On the state level, Minnesota strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities.

The Water Treatment and Distribution service within the Minneapolis Department of Public Works services Minneapolis with drinking water. Environmental Services within the Metropolitan Council treats Minneapolis’s wastewater. The Surface Water and Sewers service within the Department of Public Works manages the city’s stormwater.

Last Updated: January 2017

Nashville Electric Service (NES) is the municipal utility which provides electricity to the City of Nashville. Piedmont Natural Gas, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Nashville’s primary natural gas utility. The Tennessee Regulatory Authority sets the rates and services standards of the investor-owned natural gas, electric, and water utilities. The municipal energy utilities implement Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)-funded energy efficiency programs which are outlined in the TVA Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Tennessee page of the State Database.

Metro Water Services, a department of the Metropolitan Government of Nashville, is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment and stormwater management services for Nashville.

Last Updated: January 2017

Entergy New Orleans, an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary of Entergy Corporation, is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the City of New Orleans. Entergy New Orleans, which is regulated by the City of New Orleans, offers a portfolio of energy efficiency programs called Energy Smart. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Louisiana page of the State Database.

The Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans provides drinking water and wastewater treatment services to the City of New Orleans. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Consolidated Edison (ConEd), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving New York City. National Grid, an IOU, is the primary natural gas utility serving New York City. The New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA) is the state-wide agency that administers energy-efficiency programs. To help ConEd and National Grid reach the EERS target, New York City is an active promoter of all efficiency programs. On the state level, New York City strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities. The State of New York requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and efficiency requirements in utility EEPSs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the New York page of the State Database.

The New York City Department of Environmental Protection is the municipally-run utility responsible for providing drinking water, treating wastewater, and managing stormwater for New York City. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas and electric utility serving the City of Oakland. The City of Oakland is an active promoter of PG&E’s energy efficiency programs. The State of California requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and requires local government- utility partnerships through mandate by the California PUC. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database.

The East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) provides water and sewage treatment services and drinking water for Oakland. 

Updated: December 2015

Oklahoma Gas & Electric (OG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving Oklahoma City. Oklahoma Natural Gas, an IOU and subsidiary of ONE Gas, is Oklahoma City’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Oklahoma has not yet implemented energy efficiency goals or resource standards in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Oklahoma page of the State Database.

Oklahoma City’s Department of Utilities provides city residents with drinking water and wastewater services. The city’s Planning Department launched the Green Infrastructure Initiative to further stormwater management and services throughout the city.

Last Updated: January 2017

Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC), a municipally-owned utility, provides water and electric service to the citizens of Orlando. TECO Peoples Gas, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Orlando’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The City of Orlando’s Department of Public Works provides wastewater and stormwater management services for Orlando.

Last Updated: January 2017

Rocky Mountain Power, an Investor-Owned Utility (IOU) and a subsidiary of PacifiCorp, is the primary electric utility serving Park City. Questar Gas, an IOU, is Park City’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Utah requires utilities to biennially file integrated resource plans to include demand-side resources and associated programs. Utah’s electric utilities must reduce the state’s electric consumption by 1% annually, and natural gas must decrease by 0.5% annually. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Utah page of the State Database.

The Park City Water Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to Park City.

Last Updated: October 2015

PECO (Philadelphia Electric Co.), a municipally-operated utility, is the primary provider of electricity for the city of Philadelphia, as well as the administrator of energy efficiency programs. Philadelphia Gas Works (PGW), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is Philadelphia’s primary natural gas provider. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS with oversight by the Public Utilities Commission. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Pennsylvania page of the State Database.

The Philadelphia Municipal Water Department provides the city with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: January 2017

Arizona Public Service (APS), an investor-owned utility (IOU) is the primary electric utility serving the city of Phoenix. Southwest Gas, an IOU, is the primary supplier of Phoenix’s natural gas. The City of Phoenix is an active promoter of the energy efficiency programs. The State of Arizona requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and documentation of Demand Side Management programs to be filed to the Arizona Corporation Commission before implementation. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Arizona page of the State Database. On the state level, Phoenix strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for electric efficiency projects for APS.

The Phoenix Water Services Department provides Phoenix with drinking water services, and wastewater treatment. The Environmental Services Division’s Stormwater Program manages stormwater for the city. Programs are administered by the utilities themselves.

Last Updated: January 2017

Duquesne Light Company, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Pittsburgh. Peoples Natural Gas (PNG), an IOU, is Pittsburgh’s primary natural gas utility. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS with oversight by the Public Utilities Commission. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Pennsylvania page of the State Database.

The Pittsburgh Water and Sewer Authority is the municipal utility which provides drinking water and stormwater management services to the City of Pittsburgh. The Allegheny County Sanitary Authority is the regional wastewater treatment utility.

Last Updated: January 2017

Portland General Electric (PGE), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Portland. Northwest Natural Gas (NW Natural), an IOU, is the primary natural gas utility serving the city of Portland. All gas and electric utility ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs available to the City of Portland are run through the Energy Trust of Oregon. The utilities partner with the city to increase participation in the efficiency programs. The State of Oregon requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and efficiency requirements in utility IRPs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Oregon page of the State Database.

The Portland Water Bureau, a municipally-run utility, provides drinking water to the City of Portland. The Portland Environmental Services Bureau provides both wastewater treatment and stormwater management services.

Last Updated: January 2017

The Narragansett Electric Company, an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to National Grid, is the primary electric and natural gas utility serving the City of Providence. Rhode Island’s Comprehensive Energy Conservation, Efficiency and Affordability Act of 2006 requires utilities to acquire all cost-effective energy efficiency. The act also establishes requirements for strategic long-term planning and purchasing of least-cost supply and demand resources, and three-year energy saving targets. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Rhode Island page of the State Database.

The Providence Water Supply Board provides drinking water services to the City of Providence. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Duke Energy Progress, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Raleigh. Piedmont Natural Gas, an IOU and subsidiary of Duke Energy, is Raleigh’s primary natural gas utility. The State of North Carolina has implemented a renewable energy and energy efficiency portfolio standard in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the North Carolina page of the State Database.

The City of Raleigh Public Utilities Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment and stormwater management services for Raleigh.

Last Updated: January 2017

Virginia Electric Power & Light (VEP&L), an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Dominion Power, is the primary electric utility serving Richmond. The Richmond Department of Public Utilities (DPU), a municipally-owned Utility (muni), is Richmond’s primary natural gas supplier. The Commonwealth of Virginia has set a legislative goal of reducing electricity consumption by 10% from a 2006 baseline by 2022. The utilities must submit integrated resource plans to the State Corporation Commission laying out demand-side resources. Energy efficiency programs have been approved in past years. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Virginia page of the State Database.

In additional to being the natural gas supplier, the Richmond DPU provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Riverside Public Utilities, a municipally-run utility, is the primary electric utility for the City of Riverside. Southern California Gas (SoCal Gas), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary natural gas supplier for the city of Riverside. Riverside actively promotes its natural gas efficiency programs. The State of California requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and requires local government- utility partnerships through mandate by the California PUC. The municipally-run utilities are not required to meet the state EERS targets, but instead set their own energy efficiency targets. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database.

Riverside Public Utilities’ water department, Blue Riverside, provides Riverside with drinking water services. The Public Works Department is the municipal utility which provides wastewater treatment and stormwater management services to Riverside.

Last Updated: January 2017

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) is Sacramento’s municipally-run electric utility. Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas utility for the City of Sacramento. In the State of California, the municipally-run utilities are not required to meet the state EERS targets, but instead set their own energy efficiency targets. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database.

The Sacramento Department of Utilities is the municipal utility which provides drinking water and stormwater management services to the City of Sacramento. The Sacramento Regional County Sanitation District is the regional utility which provides wastewater treatment for Sacramento.

Last Updated: January 2017

Rocky Mountain Power, an investor-owned utility (IOU) and a subsidiary of PacifiCorp, is the primary electric utility serving Salt Lake City. Questar Gas, an IOU, is Salt Lake City’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Utah requires utilities to biennially file integrated resource plans to include demand-side resources and associated programs. Utah’s electric utilities must reduce the state’s electric consumption by 1% annually, and natural gas must decrease by 0.5% annually. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Utah page of the State Database.

The Salt Lake City Department of Public Utilities is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to Salt Lake City.

Last Updated: January 2017

CPS Energy, a municipally operated utility, is the primary gas and electric utility for the City of San Antonio. The municipally-run utilities in the State of Texas set their own energy efficiency standards. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Texas page of the State Database.

The San Antonio Water System (SAWS) is the municipal utility which provides the City of San Antonio with drinking water and wastewater treatment services. The Department of Public Works provides the stormwater management for San Antonio. Since CPS is a municipal utility, the energy efficiency goals and programs are closely tied into the local government and city-wide goals. 

Last Updated: January 2017

San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas and electric utility for the City of San Diego. The City of San Diego is an active promoter of SDG&E’s energy efficiency programs. The State of California requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and requires local government- utility partnerships through mandate by the California PUC. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database. On the state level, San Diego advocates for additional spending requirements for natural gas efficiency projects.

The Water Branch of the Department of Utilities provides drinking water services to the City of San Diego, and the Wastewater branch treats the wastewater. The Storm Water Division of the Transportation and Stormwater Department manages the city’s stormwater.

Last Updated: January 2017

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary natural gas and electric utility serving the City of San Francisco. All gas and electric utility ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs available to PG&E customers in San Francisco are run through SF Energy Watch, a partnership between PG&E and the city. The City of San Francisco is an active promoter of the efficiency programs providing technical assistance, quality assurance, contractor training, marketing and outreach, and incentives. On the regional level, the city plays a leadership role in the Bay Area Regional Energy Network and is active in the Bay Area Climate Collaborative. On the state level, San Francisco is a founding member of Green Cities California and helped form the Local Government Sustainable Energy Coalition. The city works with those organizations and independently strongly advocates at the state level for policies that promote greater reach and depth of energy efficiency programs and additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities. 

The State of California requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and requires local government- utility partnerships through mandate by the California PUC. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database.

San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, a municipally-owned utility, serves the city with access to drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management, and also provides electricity to the city's municipal departments and other retail customers (described in greater detail in the Local Government section).

Last Updated: January 2017

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary gas and electric utility serving the City of San Jose. The City of San Jose is an active promoter of PG&E’s energy efficiency programs. The State of California requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and requires local government- utility partnerships through mandate by the California PUC. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the California page of the State Database.

There are three water retailers in San Jose. The San Jose Municipal Water System which is municipally-run, the San Jose Water Company and Great Oaks Water Company which are privately owned. The Santa Clara Valley Water District is the region’s water wholesaler. All of the retailers above provide drinking water services to San Jose. The San Jose-Santa Clara Regional Wastewater Facility treats the region’s approximately 113 million gallons of wastewater daily. Approximately 13% of treated waste water is recycled where it is distributed to 750 customers for use in cooling towers and landscape irrigation. The San Jose Water and Sewer Utilities manages the stormwater for the city.

Last Updated: January 2017

Seattle City Light, a municipally-operated utility, is the primary provider of electricity for the City of Seattle. Puget Sound Energy (PSE), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary provider of natural gas for Seattle. The State of Washington requires spending and savings targets for its IOUs and municipally-run utilities through an EERS. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Washington page of the State Database.

The Drinking Water Line of Business within Seattle Public Utilities, a municipal utility, provides retail drinking water services for Seattle and several adjacent cities as well as providing wholesale drinking water to water purveyors across King County. Seattle Public Utilities also manages the city’s stormwater and wastewater conveyance systems. Seattle’s wastewater, via Seattle Public Utilities' combined and sanitary only sewer lines, is conveyed to Regional transmission lines and treatment plants by the King County Wastewater Treatment Division, a municipal utility. In Seattle, each entity runs its own rate-payer funded efficiency programs.

Last Updated: January 2017

Ameren Missouri, formally Union Electric Co., is the primary electric utility serving the City of St. Louis. Laclede Gas, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is St. Louis’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Missouri requires all IOUs to capture all cost-effective energy efficiency opportunities. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Missouri page of the State Database.

The St. Louis Water Division is the municipal utility which provides drinking water services to St. Louis. The Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District is the regional utility which treats the city’s wastewater and manages the stormwater.

Last Updated: January 2017

Tampa Electric Company (TECO), an investor-owned utility (IOU) is the primary electric utility serving the City of Tampa. TECO Peoples Gas, an IOU, is Tampa’s primary natural gas utility. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The City of Tampa Water Department is the municipal utility which provides drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services to the City of Tampa.

Last Updated: January 2017

Virginia Electric Power & Light (VEP&L), an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to Dominion Power, is the primary electric utility serving Virginia Beach. Virginia Natural Gas, an IOU, is Virginia Beach’s primary natural gas utility. The Commonwealth of Virginia has not yet implemented energy efficiency goals or resource standards in which levels of energy efficiency must be achieved annually by the state’s utilities through demand side programs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Virginia page of the State Database.

Virginia Beach’s Department of Public Utilities is the municipal utility that provides the city with drinking water services and stormwater management. The Hampton Roads Sanitation District treats the city's wastewater. 

Last Updated: January 2017

The Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO), an investor-owned utility, is the primary electric utility serving Washington, DC. Washington Gas is Washington’s primary natural gas utility. The DC Council adopted the Clean and Affordable Energy Act which implemented a DC Sustainable Energy Utility (DCSEU) to run energy efficiency programs (electric and natural gas) to meet the city council-required performance benchmarks. To learn more about the District’s requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the District of Columbia page of the State Database.

DC Water provides Washington DC with drinking water services and wastewater treatment. The District Department of the Environment manages stormwater for the district.

Last Updated: January 2017