State and Local Policy Database

Florida

State Scorecard Rank

23

Florida

17.5Scored out of 50Updated 10/2018
State Government
Score: 4 out of 5
State Government Summary List All

Florida offers a grant and a rebate program for energy efficiency investments. The state government leads by example by requiring energy-efficient fleets and encouraging the use of energy service performance contracts for public buildings. Research and development focused on energy efficiency is conducted at several universities in the state.

Financial Incentives List All

Financial incentive information for Florida is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE Florida) and State Energy Office contacts. Information about additional incentives not present on DSIRE is listed here. In addition to the state-funded incentives on DSIRE and below, Florida has enabled Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing and has several active programs. For additional information on PACE, visit PACENation.

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficient Technologies (REET) Grant Matching Program: A competitive grant program designed to provide funding for projects to conduct demonstration, commercialization, research, and development projects relating to renewable energy technologies and innovative technologies that significantly increase energy efficiency for vehicles and commercial buildings. 

Farm Energy and Water Efficiency Realization (FEWER) program: This program’s objective is to conduct on-site evaluations of the potential for energy efficiency, renewable energy upgrades and water saving measures and practices on individual farms. Once the evaluation is complete, the program will provide cost-share reimbursement to eligible agricultural producers in the Suwannee County Conservation District (SCCD) and other areas of the state for activities identified during the evaluation.

Warehouse for Energy Efficiency Loans (WHEEL): A public-private partnership among the National Association of State Energy Officials, Energy Programs Consortium, Pennsylvania State Treasury, Renewable Funding and Citigroup Global Markets, WHEEL provides low-cost, large-scale private capital to state, local and utility-sponsored residential energy efficiency and solar programs. The capital raised will be utilized for loans to Florida homeowners who are customers of participating Rural Electric Cooperatives who are making improvements to their 1 or 2 unit primary residence (owner occupied). 

Farm Renewable and Efficiency Demonstrations (FRED): The Farm Renewable and Efficiency Demonstration (FRED) Program provides farmers free energy evaluations that include an energy use audit, renewable energy potential assessment, and recommendations for energy conservation measures. FRED will reimburse farmers up to 80% of the cost to implement the recommendations from the energy evaluation, up to $25,000.

Efficiency and Renewable Improvements in Commercial Aquaculture (ERICA): Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services developed the ERICA program to increase energy efficiency, reduce energy usage, and lower operating costs at commercial aquaculture facilities in Florida. This grant program is designed to provide grant reimbursement for technologies that significantly increase energy efficiency and renewable energy for eligible commercial aquaculture facilities and farms located in Florida.

Last Updated: June 2018

Building Energy Disclosure List All

There is no disclosure policy in place.

Last Updated: July 2018

Public Building Requirements List All

The 2006 Florida Energy Plan calls for all new state government buildings to meet LEED standards and for a reduction of energy consumption in state facilities by 25% from 2002 levels by 2007. It is unclear if a post-2007 energy savings target is in place for new and existing state buildings. Green building requirements have been expanded several times since then. Executive Order 07-126 directs the Florida Department of Management Services to set Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) green building standards for the state's new and existing state-owned buildings. In 2008, Florida Governor Charlie Crist approved House Bill 7135, which requires newly constructed or renovated buildings financed by the state to be designed and built to meet a nationally recognized sustainable building rating or national model green building code. Eligible rating systems include those established by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, the International Green Construction Code (IGCC), the Green Building Initiative’s Green Globes rating system, the Florida Green Building Coalition standards, or a nationally recognized, high-performance green building rating system as approved by the department. State agencies also must lease ENERGY STAR-rated buildings and employ energy saving performance contracts to upgrade existing facilities.

In 2008, the Florida Legislature passed the Florida Energy Conservation and Sustainable Buildings Act, directing state agencies to incorporate sustainable building practices into the design, construction, and renovation of state buildings. Through this act, the Florida Department of Management Services (FDMS) developed the Florida Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Program (Chapter 60D-4, Florida Administrative Code), which pertains to the evaluation of life-cycle energy performance for alternative building designs. Additionally, FDMS developed the State Energy Management Plan (SEMP), which is a comprehensive plan to help state agencies reduce energy consumption and costs. The SEMP includes the following: data-gathering requirements, building energy audit procedures, uniform data analysis procedures, employee education program measures, energy consumption reduction techniques, training for agency energy management coordinators, guidelines for building managers, and measures to reduce energy consumption in the area of transportation.

In 2012, House Bill 7117 passed modifying Florida Statutes Section 255.257 that included the reporting requirements on energy use by each building owned or leased for state business 5,000 square feet or more. The statute requires that agencies collect energy usage and cost data, but does not specify a tracking tool.

All State government owned buildings larger than 5,000 square feet with air conditioned space report their energy usage to DMS for benchmarking, and this data is reported annually in the State Energy Management Plan Annual Summary Report. According to the 2016-2017 State Energy Management Plan (SEMP) Annual Summary, Florida is comprised of 21 state agencies that own facilities encompassing approximately 46.2 million gross square feet of space. The combined annual energy consumption is approximately 3.7 billion kBTU (thousand British thermal units), at a combined annual cost of approximately $110 million.

Last Updated: June 2018

Fleets List All

Executive Order 07-126 requires the Department of Management Services to only approve the purchase of new vehicles with the greatest fuel efficiency in a given class, as required for that vehicle to minimize emissions of greenhouse gases.

Also, in accordance with S. 286.29(4), F.S., when procuring new vehicles, all state agencies, state universities, community colleges, and local governments that purchase vehicles under a state purchasing plan must be selected for the greatest fuel efficiency available for a given use class when fuel economy data are available. (Reference: Section 286.29 Florida Statute).

Last Updated: June 2018

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

ESPCs are promoted and coordinated by the Department of Management Services and the Department of Financial Services. The state provides a manual that offers both a step-by-step description of the process and a sample of many associated documents to help streamline the process. The Department of Financial Services provides model contracts and financing agreements, and the Department of Management Services lists prequalified ESCOs.

Last Updated: July 2018

Research & Development List All

The 2017-2018 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficient Technologies (REET) grant program closed on March 9, 2018. Renewable energy, biofuels, and energy efficient related project are eligible under this program. 12 applications were received of which a few are related to energy efficiency. Award announcements are forthcoming.

There are several research centers in Florida as well:

• The University of Central Florida’s Florida Solar Energy Center's (FSEC) research projects include: industrialized housing; zero net-energy buildings; fenestration; energy efficient schools; green standards; ceiling fans; electric vehicles; polymer electrolyte fuel cells; hydrogen production and storage; and distributed renewable energy systems integration (stationary and V2G). FSEC has a 20-acre campus on the Space Coast, and receives funding from government research grants and UCF.

• The Energy and Sustainability Center (ESC) at Florida State University addresses challenging alternative energy issues through innovative solutions for consumers and industry. ESC’s Off-Grid Zero Emission Building project created an energy-efficient mold for alternative energy technologies in both residential and commercial buildings. Other energy efficiency research has focused on both PEM fuel cells and water electrolysis.  ESC receives funding from the University.

Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) at University of South Florida pursues research and development of environmentally clean energy systems, such as photovoltaics (PV), concentrating solar power (CSP), energy storage (thermal storage, batteries, supercapacitors), photocatalytic detoxification/disinfection technologies, hydrogen production and solid state storage, new efficient thermodynamic cycles, solar energy conversion/rectifying antenna (rectenna), and biomass conversion/biofuels.

• The Florida Energy Systems Consortium (FESC) was created in 2008 by Florida statute to promote collaboration among the energy experts at Florida’s 12 public universities and to connect Florida industry with university research expertise and facilities. FESC members develop innovative energy systems that lead to alternative energy strategies, improved energy efficiencies, and enhanced economic development. The major programs within the consortium are energy research, technology transfer/commercialization, education, and outreach.

Last Updated: June 2018

Buildings
Score: 5.5 out of 8
Buildings Summary List All

Effective December 31, 2017, Florida law requires that residential and commercial buildings comply with the 6th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 6th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation consists of the foundation code 2015 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and amendments. (See https://codes.iccsafe.org/public/collections/FL). The Florida Building Commission certified in letters to the U.S. Department of Energy that the new code meets or exceeds 2015 IECC standards. Compliance with the code is mandatory for all new construction including alteration to existing buildings.

Residential Codes List All

Effective December 31, 2017, Florida law requires that residential buildings comply with the 6th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 6th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation consists of the foundation code 2015 IECC and amendments. (See https://codes.iccsafe.org/public/collections/FL). The Florida Building Commission certified in letters to the U.S. Department of Energy that the new code meets or exceeds 2015 IECC standards. Compliance with the code is mandatory for all new construction including alteration to existing buildings.

Last Updated: June 2018

Commercial Code List All

Effective December 31, 2017, Florida law requires that commercial buildings comply with the 6th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 6th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation consists of the foundation code 2015 IECC and amendments. (See https://codes.iccsafe.org/public/collections/FL). The Florida Building Commission certified in letters to the U.S. Department of Energy that the new code meets or exceeds 2015 IECC standards. Compliance with the code is mandatory for all new construction including alteration to existing buildings.

Last Updated: June 2018

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan: The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) completed a baseline compliance study in 2012, which was submitted to the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation (DBPR). The report presents data on energy code enforcement and compliance rates, and makes recommendations for targeting areas to improve compliance. FESC has also published reports on the historical performance of Florida’s building energy codes to determine more effective stringency and compliance strategies in the future.
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) completed a baseline compliance study in 2017, which was submitted to the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation (DBPR). The report presents data on energy code enforcement and compliance rates and makes recommendations for targeting areas to improve compliance. FESC has also published reports on the historical performance of Florida’s building energy codes to determine more effective stringency and compliance strategies in the future.
  • Utility Involvement: Regulatory guidelines have been established requiring significant utility involvement in supporting building energy code compliance. The Florida Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act (FEECA), enacted in 1980, emphasizes reducing the growth rates of weather-sensitive peak demand, reducing, and controlling the growth rates of electricity consumption, and reducing the consumption of scarce resources, such as petroleum fuels. During the 2008 legislative session, the Legislature amended FEECA to place greater emphasis on the pursuit, through utility-sponsored incentives, of all cost-effective customer conservation and energy efficiency measures including demand-side renewable energy systems. Under FEECA, the Florida Public Service Commission (FPSC) must establish numeric conservation goals for each FEECA utility, at least every five years. FEECA goals were most recently set by the FPSC in 2014, taking into account the provisions of the revised FEECA statutes, changes in market conditions, improved energy efficiency standards for customer appliances, and updated building codes for residential and commercial construction. To implement the goals, each FEECA utility filed Demand-Side Management plans in 2015, outlining a set of programs for residential and commercial/industrial customers designed to meet the FEECA goals. FPSC approved the plans for all seven FEECA Utilities on July 21, 2015. The FEECA utilities began implementing the new and modified programs in late 2015 and early 2016.
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: The Energy Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) to the Florida Building Commission holds regular meetings on a number of building related issues, including building energy codes. The Energy TAC currently consists of ten members, three FBC commissioners and seven other stakeholder members. The FBC also has two Program Oversite Committees (POCs) who conduct business in compliance with the Florida Building Code, pursuant to Rule 61G20, Florida Administrative Code. The Product Approval POC considers approval of new construction products and systems that comprise a building envelope and structural frame, for compliance with the structural requirements of the Florida Building Code. The Education POC reviews applications for course accreditors, accredited training courses, and training providers, verifying that their educational materials accurately reflect the Florida Building Code and other topics under the jurisdiction of the FBC.
  • Training/Outreach: On-site training and webinars have been performed by Building A Safer Florida (BASF), Building Official Association of Florida, private entities, and the Codes and Standards Office of the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation. Additional energy code technical research is conducted on an ongoing basis for the Florida Building Commission's (FBC) review. These reports provide the FBC with recommendations on best practices and technical evaluations for Florida-specific issues such as ventilation, air tightness testing. Links to this research are provided below:
    Technical Research FY 2014-2015
    Technical Research FY 2015-2016
    FSEC Building Efficiency Research Report Index

Last Updated: June 2018

CHP
Score: 0.5 out of 4
CHP Summary List All

The state has an incentive program for CHP projects, but otherwise has limited policies to encourage CHP development. No new CHP systems were installed in 2017.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: Florida Public Service Commission Rule 25-6.065

Description: The Florida Public Service Commission adopted its interconnection standard in March 2008. The standards, which apply to distributed generation systems up to 2MW in size, delineate three separate tiers of interconnection based upon system size. The interconnection rule applies only to generation using renewable fuels, but includes waste heat in its definition of “renewable energy.” Some CHP systems may be interpreted as using “waste heat” as a primary fuel, but there is no wording that clearly defines CHP as eligible for interconnection using this standard.

Last Updated: July 2018

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

There are currently no state policies designed to acquire energy savings from CHP (like other efficiency resources) or energy generation from CHP (in terms of kWh production) that apply to all forms of CHP.

Last Updated: July 2018

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, or financing: CHP systems are eligible for the state’s Solar and CHP Sales Tax Incentive (Fla. Stat. § 212.08). CHP systems that are sold and used in Florida in facilities that primarily manufacture, process, compound or produce “for sale items of tangible personal property” are exempt from Florida’s Sales and Use Tax.

Net metering: Florida’s Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted rules for net-metering for renewable-energy systems up to 2 MW in capacity in March 2008. CHP is eligible to net meter, as it meets the Florida statutory (Section 377.803) definition of "renewable energy."

Last Updated: July 2018

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

There are currently no additional supportive policies to encourage CHP.

Last Updated: July 2018

Utilities
Score: 2 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

Florida utilities with sales of 2,000 GWh or more are subject to the Florida Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act (FEECA). This act requires each utility to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy audits. It also includes improving the efficiency of generation, transmission and distribution systems.

The Florida Public Service Commission (FPSC) reviews and approves utilities’ energy efficiency plans. According to FEECA, the FPSC may allow investor-owned utilities to earn an additional return on equity of up to 50 basis points for saving 20 percent or more of their annual load-growth via energy efficiency. No utilities have yet requested the additional return. The FPSC may also assess penalties if utilities do not meet the goals.

Specific electricity and peak demand savings goals were set for each of the seven "FEECA utilities" most recently in 2014 for 2015 through 2024, averaging 990.6 GWh annually. These goals are lower than those approved by the Commission in 2009. The Commission identified fewer programs as cost effective due to more stringent building codes and appliance efficiency standards, as well as lower avoided costs resulting from lower natural gas prices. The most recent status of Florida's Energy Efficiency and Conservation efforts for utilities under the Commission's oversight can be found in the Commission's December 2017 FEECA Report.

Natural gas programs are available for residential and commercial customers in Florida and are required by both orders and legislation. These programs are approved by the FPSC and are implemented by the utilities.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last updated: July 2018

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

The 1980 Florida Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act (FEECA) requires utilities to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs. The Commission establishes demand-side management (DSM) conservation goals for summer and winter demand (MW), and annual energy sales (GWh). The Commission, when establishing goals, places a strong focus on reducing the state's high peak demands. The Florida Public Service Commission reviews DSM goals for each utility at least once every five years and sets demand and energy sales goals that extend 10 years into the future. Within 90 days after the Commission issues its order approving a utility's DSM goals, that utility must file a plan with the commission for approval. The utilities are also required to file annual reports on their DSM programs.

Most of these DSM plans include residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. The utilities provide conservation education programs to their customers. They also typically offer incentives to encourage customers to install more efficient equipment. The utilities distribute the costs of the programs by adding a surcharge for all customers. The surcharge varies by utility.

Natural gas programs are available for residential and commercial customers in Florida and are required by both legislation and orders. Natural gas energy efficiency is required by the Florida Statutes (Section 366.81-82) and by FPSC Rule 25-17.009.

Investor-owned electric utilities may recover reasonable expenses, including customer incentive costs, for DSM programs approved by the Florida Public Service Commission. The utilities recover these costs by adding surcharges to customer bills. Also, the FPSC conducts Energy Conservation Cost Recovery (ECCR) proceedings each November and determines an energy conservation cost recovery factor to be applied to bills during the next year. This factor is based on each utility’s estimated conservation costs for the next year.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2018

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

In December 2006, the FPSC endorsed the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency, which recommends making energy efficiency a high-priority resource. 

Florida does not have an integrated resource planning (IRP) statute or rule, but it does have a filing requirement for long-term energy plans.

FEECA utilities are required to provide the Commission with a demand-side management status update on an annual basis. The Commission uses this information within its annual FEECA report to the governor and legislature.

For more information on energy efficiency as a resource, click here.

Last Updated: July 2018

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

Florida does not have an EERS. Past energy reduction targets were not implemented due to insufficient funding, and existing savings goals are negligible.

The Florida Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act (FEECA -- Sections 366.80-85 and 403.519 of the Florida Statutes) established the authority for the Florida Public Service Commission to set targets for energy and peak demand savings and to require each affected utility to develop and implement energy efficiency programs. The Public Service Commission must revisit the goals at least every five years. Specific electricity and peak demand savings goals were set for each of the seven "FEECA utilities" most recently in 2014 for 2015 through 2024, averaging 990.6 GWh annually. These goals are lower than those approved by the Commission in 2009. The Commission identified fewer programs as cost effective due to more stringent building codes and appliance efficiency standards, as well as lower avoided costs resulting from lower natural gas prices. The most recent status of Florida's Energy Efficiency and Conservation efforts for utilities under the Commission's oversight can be found in the Commission's December 2017 FEECA Report. A comprehensive description of the goal-setting process and methodology can be found in Order No. PSC-14-0696-FOF-EU. 

Last Updated: July 2018

Utility Business Model List All

Florida does not have decoupling or lost revenue adjustment mechanisms in place for electric or natural gas utilities. HB 7135 instructed the Public Service Commission to analyze utility revenue decoupling and provide a report and recommendations to the governor and the legislature in December 2008. In 2008, the FPSC decided that existing annual cost recovery clauses made it unnecessary to introduce decoupling, though gas utilities could still request decoupling in a rate case. In 2009 the FPSC concluded that utilities may request an increase in rates in order to maintain a reasonable rate of return when efficiency programs reduce revenues, but none have been authorized (See Final Order PSC-09-0855-FOF-EG).

Sections 366.82(8) and (9) of Florida Statute authorize the commission to provide financial rewards and penalties and to allow gas and electric investor-owned utility to earn an additional return on equity for exceeding energy efficiency and conservation goals. Specifically the FPSC may allow utilities to earn an additional return on equity of up to 50 basis points for exceeding 20% of their annual load-growth through energy efficiency measures. The FPSC may also assess penalties if utilities do not meet the goals. No utilities have yet requested the additional return.

Last Updated: July 2018

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All
  • Cost-effectiveness test(s) used: TRC, PCT, RIM
  • Uses a deemed savings database: no

The evaluation of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in Florida relies on both legislative mandates (Florida Statutes Sections 366.82(10)and 377.703(2)(f)) and regulatory orders (Rule 25-17.0021). Evaluations are administered by each utility. Florida has established formal rules and procedures for evaluation, which are stated in Rule 25-17.0021. Florida uses three of the five classic benefit-cost tests identified in the California Standard Practice Manual. These are the Total Resource Cost (TRC), Participant (PCT), and Ratepayer Impact Measure (RIM). The rules for benefit-cost tests are stated in Rule 25-17.008. These benefit-cost tests are required for total program level screening. The current goals were set at levels consistent with RIM test results.

Last Updated: July 2018

Guidelines for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Requirements for State and Utility Support of Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

Utilities that fall under Florida Statute, section 366.82, are required to offer specific income-qualified energy efficiency programs, but no mandated level of spending/savings has been established. The Commission, in Order PSC-14-0696-FOF-EU, directed the FEECA utilities to educate low-income customers on energy efficiency opportunities. The Order requires each utility to assist and educate low-income customers, specifically with respect to measures that have less than a two-year payback. Utility DSM Plans in Dockets 150081, 150083, and 150085-150089-EI provide each company's plan to educate low-income customers on energy efficiency and conservation.

In 1992, the Florida legislature passed the William E. Sadowski Affordable Housing Act, which required funding to be set aside from a portion of documentary stamp taxes on deeds to support two programs that supplement the state’s WAP program. These programs include the State Housing Initiatives Partnership, which funds weatherization measures, and the Low-Income Emergency Home Repair Program, which funds emergency and energy-related home repairs.

Cost-Effectiveness Rules for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

Program-level cost-effectiveness is not required, although the majority of IOU-administered low-income programs in Florida pass both the TRC and RIM cost-effectiveness tests. 

Coordination of Ratepayer-Funded Low-Income Programs with WAP Services

Level of coordination is unclear from publicly available data.

Last updated: June 2018

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

Florida does not allow for large customers to self-direct the funds they would have paid for energy efficiency, nor to opt-out entirely from participating in energy efficiency programs. 

Last updated: July 2018

Data AccessList All

There is no policy in place that requires utilities to release energy use data to customers or third parties. The Commission's website includes reports and publications created by technical staff that provide energy use and consumption data for the state and its utilities.

Last Updated: July 2018

Transportation
Score: 5.5 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

The state has a dedicated revenue stream for transportation projects, and has policies to promote the integration of transportation and land-use planning.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2018

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land use Integration: In 2008, Florida enacted House Bill 697 which outlined detailed specific requirements for future comprehensive plans. All future comprehensive plans must include strategies that reduce urban sprawl and transportation strategies designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.

VMT Targets: No policy in place or proposed.

Complete Streets: State Statute 335.065 mandates the  incorporation of complete streets principles into road project planning and maintenance.

FAST Freight Plans and Goals: Florida has a state freight plan that identifies a multimodal freight network, but it does not include freight energy or greenhouse gas reduction goals.

Last Updated: July 2018

Transit Funding List All

The state recently adopted transit finance legislation. House Bill 1271 allows municipalities in Florida with a regional transportation system to levy a tax, subject to voter approval, that can be used as a funding stream for transit development and maintenance.

Last Updated: July 2018

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Updated: July 2018

Equitable Access to TransportationList All
Florida does not have any state programs in place to incentivize the creation of low-income housing near transit facilities, but it does consider the proximity of transit facilities when distributing federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credits to qualifying property owners. Last Updated: July 2018
Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 3
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Florida has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Updated: June 2018