State and Local Policy Database

New Hampshire

State Scorecard Rank


New Hampshire

24.5Scored out of 50Updated 12/2020
State Government
Score: 5.5 out of 6
State Government Summary List All

The state offers several financial incentives for energy efficiency investments, including PACE financing. The state government leads by example by requiring efficient buildings and fleets, benchmarking public buildings, and encouraging energy savings performance contracts. 

Financial Incentives List All

The state of New Hampshire offers the following financial incentives to encourage energy efficiency improvements:

  • New Hampshire Better Buildings Program: Managed by the NH Community Development Finance Authority under contract with the Office of Energy and Planning, this revolving loan fund is set up to serve residential customers through loans for multifamily efficiency projects, renewable energy projects, or an interest-rate buydown program for utilities when they do Home Performance with Energy Star projects.
  • NH Business Finance Authority
  • School Energy Efficiency Development Grant

Further financial incentive information can be found in the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE New Hampshire). In addition to these state-funded incentives, New Hampshire has enabled commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing but does not yet have any active programs. For additional information on PACE, visit PACENation.

Last Updated: August 2022

Equity Metrics and Workforce DevelopmentList All

The Home Energy Assistance (HEA) Program provides energy efficiency improvements specifically for the low-income customers. The program serves single family and multi-family units. Utilities partner with NH’s Community Action Agencies to deliver program services. These agencies also deliver services through the U.S. Dept. of Energy’s Weatherization Assistance Program so are well positioned to deliver needed energy efficiency services along with health and safety measures which may include heating system and indoor air quality issues. Per Settlement Agreement, the HEA program's budget is 17 percent of the total plan budget. Any unused monies in the HEA program carry forward to the next year. In addition. RSA 374-F:3, VI, signed into law on September 26, 2019, provides "that no less than 20 percent of the portion of the [system benefit charge] funds collected for energy efficiency shall be expended on low-income energy efficiency programs." The 20 percent requirement is specific to the electric utilities.

We were unable to determine if the state has taken specific steps to engage with marginalized groups in the community for the creation or implementation of its energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Workforce Development

The state's utilities offer workforce training programs as part of the energy efficiency programs.

Last Updated: July 2021

Carbon Pricing PoliciesList All

New Hampshire is a member of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), a cap-and-trade program for reducing GHG emissions in North America that began its compliance period in 2009. Capping CO2 emissions from the power sector, the program aims to reduce emissions by 45% below 2005 levels by 2020 and additionally by 30% by 2030.

For 2017, 26.6% was spent on EE, and cumulative 2009-2017 45.7% has been spent on EE. The Home Energy Assistance and Municipal programs will save ~87,564 MWh of electricity and 133,407 MMBtu over the expected life of the equipment improvements made in 2017. Associated bill savings over the lifetime of these improvements is estimated to be $16.9 million. The All-Fuels program will save approximately 463 MWh of electricity and 214,500 MMBtu over the expected life of the efficient equipment improvements made in 2017. Associated bill savings over the lifetime of these improvements is estimated to be $4.6 million. The All-Fuels program was launched in 2016. Over a three-year period (2016-2018), the program is estimated to receive $1.2 million of RGGI funding. The All-Fuels program targets energy efficiency measures for retail businesses and large commercial and industrial energy users.

Per EO goal resulting from EO-established Climate Change Policy Task Force report (EO 2007-3), New Hampshire does have a statewide emissions reduction goal in place, specifically to reduce emissions 80% by 2050 (baseline year 1990).

Last Updated: September 2022

Building Energy Disclosure List All

There is no disclosure policy in place.

Last Updated: July 2017

Public Building Requirements List All

In 2010, SB73 mandated that all agencies enter energy, water, and sewer data into a statewide tracking database in order to assess progress and properly benchmark success. The bill also requires each department to submit data and recommendations regarding its compliance with this reduction goal. Based on these agency reports, the State Energy Manager develops an Annual Energy Conservation Plan that includes a list of potential energy management projects that will enable towards achieving towards this energy reduction goal. This Conservation Plan complements the Annual Energy Report in which the State Energy Manager documents progress towards achieving the State's energy targets in state buildings and the state fleet.

New Hampshire law (RSA 155-A:13) requires that any state owned building that is newly constructed, reconstructed, altered or renovated such that it constitutes a major project, must meet a high performance design standard. The incremental costs related to any energy efficiency and sustainable design features may be recouped over a 10-year period.

On May 6, 2016, Executive Order 2016-03 (superseding EO 2011-01) was signed, setting new, aggressive goals for state government on energy efficiency, conservation, and renewable energy. This Executive Order recognizes the significant energy efficiency efforts and results thus far have already reduced fossil fuel energy use by 21% per square foot in State Buildings and sets new savings targets for State Vehicle Fleet and State Building energy use. Further, it sets updated goals of reducing fossil fuel use at state-owned facilities by 30 percent by 2020, 40 percent by 2025 and 50 percent by 2030, compared to a 2005 baseline; reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the state passenger vehicle fleet by 30 percent on a metric-ton basis by 2030, as compared to a 2010 baseline; enhancing construction and renovation standards; and increasing management and tracking of energy consumption.

Last Updated: August 2022

Fleets List All

Executive Order 2016-03 sets updated goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the state passenger vehicle fleet by 30 percent on a metric-ton basis by 2030, as compared to a 2010 baseline. This executive order supersedes Executive Order 2011-01, which required every state agency to comply with the Clean Fleets Program (CFP).

The Clean Fleets policy is encouraging adoption of EVs for qualified state vehicle use.

Last Updated: August 2022

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

Section 21-I:19-d allows state agencies and municipalities to enter into energy performance contracts (EPCs), requires an RFP (Request for Proposals) process, and provides criteria for selecting energy services companies. It also requires state agencies to submit their recommendations to a multi-agency scoring team to review and score proposals.

The state has completed three major ESPC projects. The first project was completed in August 2016 at the state’s largest office campus in Concord, NH. These project improvements included energy efficiency improvements, installation of solar PV, and construction of a biomass boiler heating plant. A second ESPC was completed for the state-run ski area, Cannon Mountain, which included efficiency upgrades to their snowmaking process. The Department of Administrative Services (DAS) completed a third ESPC for 28 buildings in Concord, NH. These project improvements included energy efficiency improvements and installation of two solar PV systems. In the Spring of 2018, the DAS released a fourth RFP for energy efficiency upgrades for five state agencies occupying twenty-seven state-owned buildings in the seacoast region. This project is currently in the construction phase. For the fall of 2020, the DAS plans to release a fifth RFP for energy efficiency upgrades.

The DAS developed and promotes an Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC) Champions Toolkit for state agencies to use and are exploring ways to increase their capacity to administer more ESPCs. 

Last Updated: July 2020

Research & Development List All

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

Important Links List All
Score: 5.5 out of 9
Buildings Summary List All

Effective September 2019, residential and commercial buildings must comply with the 2015 IECC, the latter with reference to ASHRAE 90.1-2013. The NH Building Code Review Board (BCRB) provides independent analysis and recommendations to the legislature on the modification of the state building codes and state fire codes to promote uniformity with all applicable laws, rules and regulations as well as the public safety and best practices for the people of New Hampshire. The NH Building Code Review Board is currently reviewing the 2018 ICC chapters and may propose them, with amendments, for adoption in 2022.

Last reviewed: July 2021

Residential Codes List All

Effective September 2019, the NH legislature adopted the 2015 ICC codes with state-specific energy related amendments to the 2015 IRC. The IRC amendments will expire 30 months after adoption, in March 2022, at which time the full suite of energy-related IRC codes will go into effect. The code is mandatory statewide. The NH Building Code Review Board is currently reviewing the 2018 ICC chapters and may propose them, with amendments, for adoption in 2022.

Last Reviewed: June 2021

Commercial Code List All

Effective September 2019, the NH legislature adopted the 2015 ICC codes with state-specific energy related amendments to the 2015 IECC. The code is mandatory statewide. The NH Building Code Review Board is currently reviewing the 2018 ICC chapters and may propose them, with amendments, for adoption in 2022.

Last Reviewed: June 2021

Compliance List All
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: NA
  • Utility Involvement: As part of the states Energy Efficiency Resource Plan, the NH Public Utilities Commission approved a three-year EE plan through which the  state's four electric distribution utilities fund code trainings. The funding is derived from the Systems Benefit Charge.  
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: The NH Building Energy Code Compliance Collaborative was established as part of the NH Energy Code Challenge, which is a stakeholder group of diverse professionals and individuals from a broad range of industries. This group ceased meeting in 2016. The NH Code Collaborative formed to pick up the work of the original Collaborative in 2019 and the NHCC has been meeting quarterly. The NHCC is focused on a three part strategy to: support adoption of new modern energy codes; supporting effective code compliance; and increase market demand.
  • Training/Outreach: In conjunction with New Hampshire's utility-administered suite of energy efficiency programs, one residential and one commercial energy code trainings were held in 2020.  There were some smaller/shorter workshops presented directly to certain contractors and to the southern chapter (largest) of NH Home Builders and Remodelers Associationan Energy Code presentation at a monthly meeting of the NH Building Officials Association.

Last Reviewed: July 2021

CHP Summary List All

The state includes CHP as an eligible resource within its EERS and renewable energy standard, but otherwise has limited policies to encourage CHP. No new CHP systems were installed in 2018.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: New Hampshire Interconnections Standard

Description: The New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission (PUC) established interconnection rules for net-metered systems up to 1 MW in January 2001. Systems that connect to the grid using inverters that meet IEEE 1547 and UL 1741 safety standards do not require an external disconnect device. However, the customer-generator assumes all risks and consequences associated with the absence of a switch. Utilities may not require customer-generators to perform additional tests, or pay for additional interconnection-related charges. Insurance is not required.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

CHP is designated as an eligible measure under the Large Business, Small Business or Municipal energy efficiency programs in the Commission-approved 2018-2020 EERS. The program targets customers with a 6,000 hours per year of thermal requirements. 

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, or financing: Commercial CHP projects may be eligible for financing assistance through New Hampshire’s Clean Energy Fund, which is a $6 million revolving loan program administered by the Community Development Finance Authority (CDFA).

Net metering: As a result of 2011 legislation (H.B. 381), small CHP systems between 1kW and 30kW may net meter their electricity, provided they have system fuel efficiencies of 80% or greater. Systems between 30kW and 1MW may net meter, provided they meet a fuel system efficiency level of 65%. All told, CHP may only account for up to 2MW of all net metered electricity in the state, which is capped at a 50MW capacity limit. Any customer net excess generation (NEG) during a billing cycle is credited to the customer's next bill and carried forward indefinitely. At the end of a 12-month period, customers may choose to receive payment for any NEG at the utility's avoided-cost rate.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

Some additional supportive policies exist to encourage CHP in New Hampshire. The state’s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), applicable only to systems fueled by renewable resources such as biomass or biogas, requires that 23.8% of electricity sold to end-use customers be supplied by renewable energy or an equivalent (via trading) by 2025. Resources are separated into four tiers, and new renewable-powered CHP would likely fall within Tier 1.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Score: 10 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

New Hampshire's regulated electric distribution utilities jointly develop and offer their customers energy efficiency programs under a statewide umbrella program, NHSaves. These programs are funded via a system benefits charge included in customer rates. Each year, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission reviews and approves program plans and budgets submitted by the utilities. Utilities can earn performance incentives based on successful implementation of their programs and meeting performance goals. Recently, additional funding for New Hampshire’s “core” customer energy efficiency programs is provided via the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). The legislation governing RGGI requires that the first dollar from the sale of greenhouse gas allowances is to go to fund electric energy efficiency programs.

In addition to funding via a System Benefits Charge (SBC) and Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), electric energy efficiency programs are also funded via ISO-NE Forward Capacity Revenues (FCM).

Natural gas efficiency programs are not part of NHSaves. New Hampshire natural gas utilities administer energy efficiency programs that are approved by the New Hampshire PUC and funded via the Local Distribution Adjustment Clause (LDAC).

In August 2016, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission approved a settlement agreement establishing a statewide EERS targeting overall cumulative savings of 3.1% of electric sales and 2.25% of gas sales by 2020.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last reviewed: July 2019

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

New Hampshire restructured its electric utility markets and has maintained support for its utility energy efficiency programs. In Order No. 23,574, issued November 2000, the Commission emphasized its commitment to energy efficiency programs that complement new energy markets and do not hinder their development. The Commission requested that utilities work together to design a set of "core" programs that are consistent in their design and meet the Legislature's directive to target cost-effective opportunities that may otherwise be lost due to market barriers.

On May 31, 2002, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission issued Order No. 23,982 in Docket No. DE 01-057, approving the implementation of “core” energy efficiency programs by the state’s electric utilities. This order established the basis for the NHSaves statewide energy efficiency program.

The PUC reviews and authorizes the utilities’ joint program plans and budgets annually. The utilities offer joint, statewide programs to gain the benefits of uniform planning, delivery, and evaluation. Within the umbrella of a statewide program, however, each individual utility incorporates flexibility in its implementation strategies and program delivery. The statewide program, NHsaves, uses shared marketing and information materials. NHSaves is funded by a systems benefits charge included in customer rates, of which 1.8 mills/kWh is for energy efficiency. Since the 2016 EERS Order, each electric utility (except for NHEC) proposed an additional system benefit charge component to recover lost base revenues.

Natural gas programs are funded by a Local Distribution Adjustment Clause.

Additional funding for New Hampshire’s “core” customer energy efficiency programs is provided via the “Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative” (RGGI). The legislation governing RGGI requires that the first dollar from the sale of greenhouse gas allowances is to go to fund electric energy efficiency programs.

Some of New Hampshire’s publicly owned utilities (coops and municipal utilities) also offer customer energy efficiency programs, such as financing options for energy-efficient products. 

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last reviewed: July 2019

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

Expected kWh/KW savings from NH energy efficiency programs are incorporated into the ISO-NE Regional System Plan (RSP). ISO-NE provides forward capacity market (FCM) revenues.

The NH Commission approved 2018-2020 EERS which requires significant increases in savings targets and associated load reduction; and, in return, ISO-NE (FCM) provides for a more than doubling in ISO-NE (FCM) funding, from $3 million annual level (in 2016 and 2017) to more than $6 million annual level in 2018, 2019 and 2020.  For calendar year 2019, the ISO-NE (FCM) funding is estimated to be $7.1 million

Last reviewed: July 2019

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

Summary: Incremental electric savings of 0.8% in 2018, ramping up to 1.0% in 2019, and 1.3% in 2020. Natural gas savings of 0.7% in 2018, 0.75% in 2019, and 0.8% in 2020.

The Commission approved the implementation of an EERS for 2018-2020 for the state’s gas and electric utilities in EERS Order No. 26-095 on January 2, 2018.

Commission Authorization: In August 2016, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission approved an EERS to help the state achieve the objectives set out in its 10-year State Energy Strategy. Commission-approved energy efficiency programs will be implemented in accordance with this framework beginning January 1, 2018. The EERS has an overarching goal of achieving all cost-effective energy efficiency, which it hopes to achieve incrementally through a framework of three-year planning periods. During the first three-year period, the cumulative goal for electric savings will be 3.1% of delivered 2014 kWh sales, with interim annual savings goals of 0.80%, 1.0%, and 1.3%. The cumulative goal for gas savings will be 2.25% of delivered MMBtu 2014 sales, with interim annual savings goals of 0.70%, 0.75%, and 0.80%. Funding for the EERS will come from increases to the system benefits charge (SBC) and the local distribution adjustment charge (LDAC), both current components of electric and gas bills, respectively.

Legislative Mandates: The New Hampshire Senate passed HB 1129 in 2014, calling for the development of long term goals that take into account and complement any goals developed by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission. In February 2015, NHPUC staff issued a straw proposal for an EERS for the period 2015-2025. For electricity savings, staff assumed a gradual increase in savings from 2015 to 2025 and determined total savings of about 9.76% of 2012 kWh electrical usage were attainable over the period.

In December 2015, testimony was filed proposing frameworks and general terms for the implementation of an EERS in New Hampshire. A Settlement Agreement, including the establishment of an EERS, was approved by the Commission in Order No. 25,932 in August 2016. 

For more information on Energy Efficiency Resource Standards, click here.

Last reviewed: July 2019

Utility Business Model List All

EERS Standard (2018-2020):   In August 2016, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission approved a settlement agreement establishing a statewide EERS (2018-2020) (ref DE 15-2137, Order No 25,932).  The EERS set a target of cumulative annual electric kWh savings by the end of the first triennium of 3.1% by 2020 (as a percentage of 2014 electric kWh sales); and 2.25% by 2020 (as a percentage of 2014 natural gas sales).

Lost Base Revenue (LBR) and Performance Incentive (PI):   The New Hampshire Commission approved an Energy Efficiency Resource Standard in Docket 15-137 (Order No. 25,932); and, part of this order included a framework for calculation lost base revenue (LBR).  New Hampshire Commission also approved first year recovery of lost base revenue (LBR) in 2017, in anticipation of the EERS (2018-2020) (ref. DE 14-216, Order No. 25,976).  The EERS (2018-2020) includes recovery of revenue base lost (LBR) (ref. DE 17-136, Order No. 26,095.   

In addition, the New Hampshire Electric and Natural Gas Utilities earn performance incentive (PI).  PI formula is the same for electric and gas utilities. For EERS (2018-2020), the cap is set at 6.875%, with a target baseline of 5.5% upon.  Also, the New Hampshire Commission approved establishment of a PI Working Group in 2019 to continue to review any other potential metrics for inclusion in the PI formula for calendar year 2020.                             

Decoupling:  The Commission has authorized decoupling (in lieu of LBR) for Liberty-Gas (Energy North).  Proposals for substituting decoupling (in lieu of LBR) are envisioned for the other Electric and Natural Gas Utilities.

Last reviewed: July 2019

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All
  • Primary cost-effectiveness test(s) used: total resource cost 

  • Secondary cost-effectiveness test(s) used: none 

The evaluation of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in New Hampshire relies on legislative mandates (SB 323) and on regulatory orders, such as Order No. 25,976 for 2017 programs. Evaluations are mainly administered by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission. New Hampshire has formal requirements for evaluation articulated in Docket DE 05-157, Order 24,599. Statewide evaluations are conducted.  

The adoption of the EERS expanded EM&V activities. These include: hiring an independent expert in 2018 to assist in EM&V efforts; developing a New Hampshire-specific technical resource manual by 2020; performing impact evaluations on a number of specific programs; and adding a representative from the Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Energy (EESE) board to the EM&V working group established in DE 15-137.  

According to the Database of State Efficiency Screening Practices (DSESP), the Total Resource Cost (TRC) is used as the primary test for decision making. The benefit-cost tests are required for total program and individual measure-level screening. The rules for benefit-cost tests are stated in Order 23,574. Some exceptions exist for low-income programs, pilots, and new technologies. New Hampshire’s TRC test accounts for avoided costs of compliance with emissions regulations, and benefits associated with improved public health, participant health and environmental benefits. New Hampshire’s TRC includes multiple non-energy costs and benefits not specified as part of a 10% adder, in addition to impacts of other fuels (natural gas, oil, propane, wood, and kerosene), job creation, and water savings. 

Further information on cost-effectiveness screening practices for New Hampshire is available in the Database of State Efficiency Screening Practices (DSESP), a resource of the National Efficiency Screening Project (NESP). Further information on health and environmental benefits is available in ACEEE’s Overview of State Approaches to Account for Health and Environmental Benefits of Energy Efficiency.  

Last Updated: January 2019

Guidelines for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Requirements for State and Utility Support of Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

Per Settlement Agreement, the Home Energy Assistance rogram's budget is 17 percent of the total plan budget. Any unused monies in the HEA program carry forward to the next year. In addition. RSA 374-F:3, VI, signed into law on September 26, 2019, provides "that no less than 20 percent of the portion of the [system benefit charge] funds collected for energy efficiency shall be expended on low-income energy efficiency programs." The 20 percent requirement is specific to the electric utilities.

Cost-Effectiveness Rules for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

New Hampshire uses the total resource cost (TRC) test framework for all programs, including low-income programs. However, the commission recognizes low-income benefits and low-income programs that do not screen with benefit-cost ratios greater than 1.0 may still be approved if the programs are otherwise well designed. All programs, including low income Home Energy Assistance program, screen using the same cost-effectiveness tests (i.e., TRC).  EERS includes a 10% adder for NEBs. 

In addition, for the low income program, there is an additional 10% adder (total 20% adder).  Refer to Order No. 26,207 (DE 17,136), page 13).  Also, a third-party evaluation is conducting a study on the HEA program; and additional scope of work regarding specific non-energy impacts ("NEIs") is underway and results are expected to be incorporated into the final year of the current 2018-2020 triennium, i.e., the 2020 Update Plan.

Coordination of Ratepayer-Funded Low-Income Programs with WAP Services

The Utilities continue to collaborate closely with the network of Community Action Agencies (CAAs) throughout the State, as well as the NH Office of Strategic Initiative (formerly the Office of Energy and Planning), which administers the U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Programs, and other advocates serving the income-eligible population to ensure that most effective deployment of statewide resources for this population.  In addition, the NH Utilities are working one-on-one with CAAs to ensure that their weatherization contractors are fully equipped and qualified to meet the unique needs related to this housing stock, and that there is the sufficient capacity to meet program and customer efforts to deliver low-income programs are coordinated with Community Action Agencies.  Annual electric and MMBtu savings are revised to reflect current projects modeled by the CAAs.   In addition, training programs are conducted across the state of New Hampshire to increase the number of weatherization contractors.

Last reviewed: October 2019

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

New Hampshire does not have self-direct or opt-out programs.

Last reviewed: July 2019

Data AccessList All

Guidelines for Third Party Access

Docket DR 96-150 does not require utilities to release energy use data to third parties, but it does facilitate the transfer of data by establishing an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) working group. Customer authorization for this access is required (NH Code of Adm. Rules, PUC 2003.01). With customer authorization, suppliers can access Eversource's large customers' interval via a software package called Energy Profiler Online (EPO). Other utilities provide usage data via alternative formats.

Requirements for Provision of Energy Data

All utilities provide small businesses or residential customers with their usage data either via a request to customer service or for some utilities via a secure sign on. Utilities will also provide usage data to the owners of multi-tenant buildings and town officials upon request. New Hampshire requires the provision of energy use data to owners of multi-tenant buildings and public agencies in aggregated form.

Energy Use Data Availability

Large customers of all utilities can receive their usage data in electronic format, by request via Customer Service or their account executive. 

Last reviewed: July 2019

Score: 4 out of 13
Transportation Summary List All

The state integrates transportation and land-use planning, but has not otherwise pursued policies to encourage efficient transportation systems.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

In the 2020 NH Legislative session House Bill 1444, requiring the adoption of innovative vehicle emissions standards pursuant to section 177 of the federal Clean Air Act, was introduced and passed by the House of Representatives.  Due to COVID-19 the Senate has not convened and it is unlikely to be acted upon in the current session.

Last Reviewed: November 2022

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land use Integration: The New Hampshire State Development Plan aims to maximize compact, sustainable developments across the state through the implementation of key smart growth principles in the project planning and execution stages.  The State’s nine regional planning commissions (RPCs), in collaboration with NH Dept. of Transportation (NHDOT), NH Dept. of Environmental Services, and other state and local government agencies completed work on A Granite State Future to help communities integrate planning across sectors and identify, share, and replicate successful projects.  In 2014 and 2015, the RPCs finalized Regional Plans in addition to  a Statewide Existing Conditions and Trends Assessment, a Housing Preferences Study and Regional Climate Change Assessments for Southern and Northern New Hampshire.

NH Revised Statutes Annotated Chapter 9-B declares “It shall be the policy of the state of New Hampshire that state agencies act in ways that encourage smart growth.” Section 9-B:4 Expenditure of State or Federal Funds states “All state agencies shall give due consideration to the state's policy on smart growth under RSA 9-B:2 when providing advice or expending state or federal funds, for their own use or as pass-through grants, for public works, transportation, or major capital improvement projects, and for the construction, rental, or lease of facilities. The intent of this action is that new investments and grants for existing sites and buildings in existing community centers will be given preference over investments in outlying areas where that is a practical solution for the use and community in question.”

VMT Targets: No policy in place or proposed. However, a 2016 Executive Order 2016-03 establishes a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the state passenger vehicle fleet by 30 percent on a metric-ton basis by 2030, as compared to a 2010 baseline. The State Government Energy Committee, which is tasked with developing plans to comply with the Order, is promoting VMT reduction as an important component of meeting this target.

FAST Freight Plans and Goals: The FAST Act requires states to develop a freight plan to comprehensively address freight planning activities and immediate and long-range investments.  The NHDOT Statewide Freight Plan was approved by FHWA on February 11, 2019.  Additional information is available on the NHDOT project website.

Last Reviewed: November 2022

Transit Funding List All

NHDOT continues to fund capital and operating costs under FTA 5310 Enhanced Mobility of Seniors & Individuals With Disabilities program.  Under this program, the federal share of capital/mobility management and operating costs may not exceed 80 percent.

Under RSA 261.135 VI - "...the legislative body of a municipality may vote to collect an additional fee for the purpose of supporting a municipal and transportation improvement fund, which shall be a capital reserve fund established for this purpose and governed by the provisions of RSA 34 and RSA 35 for cities and towns, respectively."  

Last Reviewed: November 2022

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

New Hampshire offered incentives for electric vehicle charging infrastructure in fiscal years 2015 and 2016.  No particular incentives for vehicles are in place or proposed.

Under NH's Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) funded State Clean Diesel Grant Program funds are awarded for the replacement of older diesel vehicles, engines and equipment, which is generally far less efficient than the replacement vehicles. The older vehicles/equipment are destroyed. 

Last Reviewed: November 2022

Equitable Access to TransportationList All

Public transit access

New Hampshire does not have any state programs in place to incentivize the creation of low-income housing near transit facilities, nor does it consider the proximity of transit facilities when distributing federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credits to qualifying property owners.

Equity in transportation electrification

New Hampshire became a Beneficiary of the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust in late January, 2018.  The Beneficiary Mitigation Plan which describes how New Hampshire plans to use the almost $31,000,000 allocated to the State under the terms of the Mitigation Trust, supports the use of zero emission and near-zero emission vehicles by investing in electric vehicle charging infrastructure at strategic locations throughout the state.  The Mitigation Plan also gives priority to projects that are located in  areas with historical air quality issues, and areas that receive a disproportionate quantity of air pollution from diesel fleets.  Approximately $4.6 million (15 percent) of New Hampshire’s allocation will be used for the acquisition, installation, operation and maintenance of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE).

Last Reviewed: November 2022

Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 3
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Policy: R.S.A. 339-G, Minimum Efficiency Standards for Certain Products

Description: In 2008, New Hampshire introduced appliance standards for four products through the passing of SB 259, codified as R.S.A 339-G. The legislation set standards for bottle-type water dispensers, commercial hot-food holding cabinets, residential furnaces, and furnace fans. The standards became effective January 1, 2009. New Hampshire had its standards for furnaces preempted by federal standards in 2013 and furnace fans in 2017. Otherwise, its remaining two standards have not yet been preempted.

Last Reviewed: June 2019