State and Local Policy Database

New Hampshire

State Scorecard Rank

21

New Hampshire

19.5Scored out of 50Updated 10/2018
State Government
Score: 3.5 out of 5
State Government Summary List All

The state offers several financial incentives for energy efficiency investments, including PACE financing. The state government leads by example by requiring efficient buildings and fleets, benchmarking public buildings, and encouraging energy savings performance contracts. 

Financial Incentives List All

Financial Incentive information for New Hampshire is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE New Hampshireand State Energy Office contacts. Information about additional incentives not present on DSIRE is listed here. In addition to the state-funded incentives on DSIRE and below, New Hampshire has enabled Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing and has one active program. For additional information on PACE, visit PACENation.

New Hampshire Better Buildings Program: Managed by the NH Community Development Finance Authority under contract with the Office of Energy and Planning, this revolving loan fund is set up to serve residential customers through loans for multifamily efficiency projects, renewable energy projects, or an interest-rate buydown program for utilities when they do Home Performance with Energy Star projects.

Last Updated: July 2017

Building Energy Disclosure List All

There is no disclosure policy in place.

Last Updated: July 2017

Public Building Requirements List All

Since 2004, New Hampshire has been working to improve energy usage in state buildings. Executive Order 2004-7 (2004) authorized a committee to develop an energy reduction goal and plan, a procedure for conducting audits of facilities that score between 40 and 60 on the ENERGY STAR benchmarking system, new energy efficiency standards for new construction, and a procedure for commissioning new facilities that ensures adoption of energy-efficient design specifications and equipment operations.

In 2010, SB73 mandated that all agencies enter energy, water, and sewer data into a statewide tracking database in order to assess progress and properly benchmark success.

New Hampshire law (RSA 155-A:13) requires that any state owned building that is newly constructed, reconstructed, altered or renovated such that it constitutes a major project, must meet a high performance design standard. The incremental costs related to any energy efficiency and sustainable design features may be recouped over a 10 year period.

Executive Order 2011-01 called for a 25% reduction in fossil fuel energy usage in state buildings by 2025 and a system to track and benchmark progress toward this goal.  The significant energy efficiency efforts and results thus far have already reduced fossil fuel energy use by 21% per square foot in State Buildings.

On May 6, 2016 Executive Order 2016-03 (supersedes EO 2011-01) was signed setting new, aggressive goals for state government on energy efficiency, conservation and renewable energy.  This Executive Order recognizes the significant energy efficiency efforts and results thus far have already reduced fossil fuel energy use by 21% per square foot in State Buildings and sets new savings targets for State Vehicle Fleet and State Building energy use. Further it sets updated goals of reducing fossil fuel use at state-owned facilities by 30 percent by 2020, 40 percent by 2025 and 50 percent by 2030, compared to a 2005 baseline; reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the state passenger vehicle fleet by 30 percent on a metric-ton basis by 2030, as compared to a 2010 baseline; enhancing construction and renovation standards; and increasing management and tracking of energy consumption.

Last Updated: October 2018

Fleets List All

Executive Order 2016-03 sets updated goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the state passenger vehicle fleet by 30 percent on a metric-ton basis by 2030, as compared to a 2010 baseline. This executive order supersedes Executive Order 2011-01, which required every state agency to comply with the Clean Fleets Program (CFP).

Last Updated: July 2017

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

Section 21-I:19-d allows state agencies and municipalities to enter into energy performance contracts (EPCs), requires an RFP (Request for Proposals) process, and provides criteria for selecting energy services companies. It also requires state agencies to submit their recommendations to a multi-agency scoring team to review and score proposals.

The state has completed two major ESPC projects, one for its largest office campus in Concord, NH including energy efficiency improvements, installation solar PV and construction of a biomass boiler.  The project was completed in August 2016.  A second ESPC was completed for the State-run ski area, Cannon Mountain that included efficiency upgrades to their snowmaking process.  The Department of Administrative Services (DAS) entered into a RFP for a third ESPC for 28 buildings; this project is currently in the contracting phase.  In the spring of 2018, the DAS plans to release a fourth RFP for energy efficiency upgrades for five state agencies occupying twenty-seven state-owned buildings in the seacoast region.

The DAS developed and promotes an Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC) Champions Toolkit for state agencies to use and they are exploring ways to increase their capacity to administer more ESPCs. 

Last Updated: October 2018

Research & Development List All

No public research centers have a focus on energy efficiency.

Last Updated: July 2017

Important Links List All
Buildings
Score: 3.5 out of 8
Buildings Summary List All

Residential and commercial buildings must comply with the 2009 IECC, the latter with reference to ASHRAE 90.1-2007. The NH Building Code Review Board (BCRB) provides independent analysis and recommendations to the legislature on the modification of the state building codes and state fire codes to promote uniformity with all applicable laws, rules and regulations as well as the public safety and best practices for the people of New Hampshire. The NH BCRB is currently reviewing the 2015 International Codes.

Residential Codes List All

Effective April 1, 2010, the New Hampshire State Building Code for residential buildings is based on the 2009 IECC, with state-specific amendments. The code is mandatory statewide. The NH Building Code Review Board is currently reviewing the 2015 IECC.

Although New Hampshire is not a home rule state, statutes allow municipalities to adopt amendments and codes provided they exceed the State Building Code. The town of Durham has adopted the 2015 IECC energy code (strengthened).

Last Updated: August 2017

Commercial Code List All

Effective April 1, 2010, the New Hampshire State Building Code for commercial buildings is based on the 2009 IECC with references to ASHRAE 90.1-2007. The code is mandatory statewide. The NH Building Code Review Board is currently reviewing the 2015 IECC.

Last Updated: August 2017

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan: In collaboration with BCAP, the Office of Energy and Planning published a gap analysis in 2011. The NH Energy Code Compliance Roadmap was completed in 2012 as part of the NH Energy Code Compliance project, initiated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA).
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: NA
  • Utility Involvement: The Public Utilities Commission allows the Utilities to provide trainings using some of the funds derived from the Systems Benefit Charge. The state’s largest utility is actively involved in supporting energy code compliance through trainings, on behalf of all major utilities. 
  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: The NH Building Energy Code Compliance Collaborative was established as part of the NH Energy Code Challenge, which is a stakeholder group of diverse professionals and individuals from a broad range of industries.
  • Training/Outreach: In conjunction with utilities, four training sessions were held in spring 2017.  Four additional trainings are scheduled for the fall of 2017. A complete list of training programs conducted in 2017 is provided in the 2017 NH Statewide Energy Efficiency Programs - 4th Quarter Report.

Last Updated: October 2018

CHP
Score: 1.5 out of 4
CHP Summary List All

The state includes CHP as an eligible resource within its renewable energy standard, but otherwise has limited policies to encourage CHP. No new CHP systems were installed in 2017.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: New Hampshire Interconnections Standard

Description: The New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission (PUC) established interconnection rules for net-metered systems up to 1 MW in January 2001. Systems that connect to the grid using inverters that meet IEEE 1547 and UL 1741 safety standards do not require an external disconnect device. However, the customer-generator assumes all risks and consequences associated with the absence of a switch. Utilities may not require customer-generators to perform additional tests, or pay for additional interconnection-related charges. Insurance is not required.

Last Updated: July 2018

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

CHP is designated as an eligible measure under the Large Business, Small Business or Municipal energy efficiency programs in the Commission-approved 2018-2020 EERS. The program targets customers with a 6,000 hours per year of thermal requirements. 

Last Updated: July 2018

Deployment IncentivesList All

Incentives, grants, or financing: Commercial CHP projects may be eligible for financing assistance through New Hampshire’s Clean Energy Fund, which is a $6 million revolving loan program administered by the Community Development Finance Authority (CDFA).

Net metering: As a result of 2011 legislation (H.B. 381), small CHP systems between 1kW and 30kW may net meter their electricity, provided they have system fuel efficiencies of 80% or greater. Systems between 30kW and 1MW may net meter, provided they meet a fuel system efficiency level of 65%. All told, CHP may only account for up to 2MW of all net metered electricity in the state, which is capped at a 50MW capacity limit. Any customer net excess generation (NEG) during a billing cycle is credited to the customer's next bill and carried forward indefinitely. At the end of a 12-month period, customers may choose to receive payment for any NEG at the utility's avoided-cost rate.

Last Updated: September 2018

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

Some additional supportive policies exist to encourage CHP in New Hampshire. The state’s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), applicable only to systems fueled by renewable resources such as biomass or biogas, requires that 23.8% of electricity sold to end-use customers be supplied by renewable energy or an equivalent (via trading) by 2025. Resources are separated into four tiers, and new renewable-powered CHP would likely fall within Tier 1.

Last Updated: September 2018

Utilities
Score: 9 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

New Hampshire's regulated electric distribution utilities jointly develop and offer their customers energy efficiency programs under a statewide umbrella program, NHSaves. These programs are funded via a system benefits charge included in customer rates. Each year, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission reviews and approves program plans and budgets submitted by the utilities. Utilities can earn performance incentives based on successful implementation of their programs and meeting performance goals. Recently, additional funding for New Hampshire’s “core” customer energy efficiency programs is provided via the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). The legislation governing RGGI requires that the first dollar from the sale of greenhouse gas allowances is to go to fund electric energy efficiency programs.

In addition to funding via a System Benefits Charge (SBC) and Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), electric energy efficiency programs are also funded via ISO-NE Forward Capacity Revenues (FCM). In 2014, ISO-NE FCM revenues were approximately $2.6 million; and, in 2015, ISO-NE FCM revenues were approximately $2.4 million.

Natural gas efficiency programs are not part of NHSaves. New Hampshire natural gas utilities administer energy efficiency programs that are approved by the New Hampshire PUC and funded via the Local Distribution Adjustment Clause (LDAC).

In August 2016, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission approved a settlement agreement establishing a statewide EERS targeting overall cumulative savings of 3.1% of electric sales and 2.25% of gas sales by 2020.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2018

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

New Hampshire restructured its electric utility markets and has maintained support for its utility energy efficiency programs. In Order No. 23,574, issued November 2000, the Commission emphasized its commitment to energy efficiency programs that complement new energy markets and do not hinder their development. The Commission requested that utilities work together to design a set of "core" programs that are consistent in their design and meet the Legislature's directive to target cost-effective opportunities that may otherwise be lost due to market barriers.

On May 31, 2002, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission issued Order No. 23,982 in Docket No. DE 01-057, approving the implementation of “core” energy efficiency programs by the state’s electric utilities. This order established the basis for the NHSaves statewide energy efficiency program.

The PUC reviews and authorizes the utilities’ joint program plans and budgets annually. The utilities offer joint, statewide programs to gain the benefits of uniform planning, delivery, and evaluation. Within the umbrella of a statewide program, however, each individual utility incorporates flexibility in its implementation strategies and program delivery. The statewide program, NHsaves, uses shared marketing and information materials. NHSaves is funded by a systems benefits charge included in customer rates, of which 1.8 mills/kWh is for energy efficiency. Since the 2016 EERS Order, each electric utility (except for NHEC) proposed an additional system benefit charge component to recover lost base revenues.

Natural gas programs are funded by a Local Distribution Adjustment Clause.

Additional funding for New Hampshire’s “core” customer energy efficiency programs is provided via the “Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative” (RGGI). The legislation governing RGGI requires that the first dollar from the sale of greenhouse gas allowances is to go to fund electric energy efficiency programs.

Some of New Hampshire’s publicly owned utilities (coops and municipal utilities) also offer customer energy efficiency programs, such as financing options for energy-efficient products. 

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2018

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

Expected kWh/KW savings from NH energy efficiency programs are incorporated into the ISO-NE Regional System Plan (RSP). ISO-NE provides forward capacity market (FCM) revenues.

The NH Commission approved 2018-2020 EERS which requires significant increases in savings targets and associated load reduction; and, in return, ISO-NE (FCM) provides for a more than doubling in ISO-NE (FCM) funding, from $3 million annual level (in 2016 and 2017) to more than $6 million annual level in 2018, 2019 and 2020.

Last Updated: July 2018

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

Summary: Incremental electric savings of 0.8% in 2018, ramping up to 1.0% in 2019, and 1.3% in 2020. Natural gas savings of 0.7% in 2018, 0.75% in 2019, and 0.8% in 2020.

The Commission approved the implementation of an EERS for 2018-2020 for the state’s gas and electric utilities in EERS Order No. 26-095 on January 2, 2018.

In August 2016, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission approved an EERS to help the state achieve the objectives set out in its 10-year State Energy Strategy. Commission-approved energy efficiency programs will be implemented in accordance with this framework beginning January 1, 2018. The EERS has an overarching goal of achieving all cost-effective energy efficiency, which it hopes to achieve incrementally through a framework of three-year planning periods. During the first three-year period, the cumulative goal for electric savings will be 3.1% of delivered 2014 kWh sales, with interim annual savings goals of 0.80%, 1.0%, and 1.3%. The cumulative goal for gas savings will be 2.25% of delivered MMBtu 2014 sales, with interim annual savings goals of 0.70%, 0.75%, and 0.80%. Funding for the EERS will come from increases to the system benefits charge (SBC) and the local distribution adjustment charge (LDAC), both current components of electric and gas bills, respectively.

The New Hampshire Senate passed HB 1129 in 2014, calling for the development of long term goals that take into account and complement any goals developed by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission. In February 2015, NHPUC staff issued a straw proposal for an EERS for the period 2015-2025. For electricity savings, staff assumed a gradual increase in savings from 2015 to 2025 and determined total savings of about 9.76% of 2012 kWh electrical usage were attainable over the period.

In December 2015, testimony was filed proposing frameworks and general terms for the implementation of an EERS in New Hampshire. A Settlement Agreement, including the establishment of an EERS, was approved by the Commission in Order No. 25,932 in August 2016. 

For more information on Energy Efficiency Resource Standards, click here.

Last Updated: July 2018

Utility Business Model List All
The EERS includes recovery of revenue lost from decreased electricity and gas sales resulting from the programs, including a method of calculating the average distribution rate proposed by the Utilities (where the average distribution rate used in the calculation blends the kW and kWh rate components) for energy efficiency upgrades installed in 2017 and 2018. For upgrades installed in 2019 and thereafter, a method where the average distribution rate is disaggregated into kW and kWh components will be used. 
 
Performance incentive levels are the same for electric and gas utilities. The maximum is 6.875%, with a target of 5.5% upon implementation of the LRAM in 2017. The cap and target shall remain at 6.875% and 5.5%, respectively through at least the first triennium of the EERS. New Hampshire continues to implement changes approved in the 2016 EERS Order and has established a working group to identify any potential changes to be implemented in year 2020. Beginning in 2018 the working group will consider metrics for income eligible participation and peak load reductions, with the goal of implementation of any changes to the performance incentive calculation by year 2020.
 

Last Updated: July 2018

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All
  • Cost-effectiveness test(s) used: TRC
  • Uses a deemed savings database: no (technical resource manual specific to New Hampshire to be developed by 2020)
EERS expanded EM&V activities, which include hiring an independent expert in 2018 to assist in EM&V efforts; development of a New Hampshire-specific technical resource manual by 2020; requirements that utilities perform impact evaluations of a number of specific programs; adding a representative from the Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Energy (EESE) board to the EM&V working group established in DE 15-137, and that the working group will provide progress updates to the EESE Board; hiring an independent planning expert to assist with the development of the next three-year plan (covering program years 2021-2023). 
 

The evaluation of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in New Hampshire relies on legislative mandates (SB 323) and on regulatory orders, such as Order No. 25,976 for 2017 programs. Evaluations are mainly administered by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission. New Hampshire has formal requirements for evaluation articulated in Docket DE 05-157, Order 24,599. Statewide evaluations are conducted. In terms of a benefit-cost test, the Total Resource Cost (TRC) is used and is considered to be the primary test for decision making. The benefit-cost tests are required for total program and individual measure-level screening. The rules for benefit-cost tests are stated in Order 23,574. Some exceptions exist for low-income programs, pilots, and new technologies.

Last Updated: July 2018

Guidelines for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Requirements for State and Utility Support of Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

In August 2016, the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission approved a settlement agreement in Order No. 25,932, establishing a statewide energy efficiency resource standard (EERS) targeting overall cumulative savings of 3.1% of electric sales and 2.25% of gas sales by 2020. The agreement also provides for an increase in the minimum low-income share of the overall energy efficiency budget from 15.5% to 17%. 

Cost-Effectiveness Rules for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

New Hampshire uses the total resource cost (TRC) test framework for all programs, including low-income programs. However, the commission recognizes low-income benefits and low-income programs that do not screen with benefit-cost ratios greater than 1.0 may still be approved if the programs are otherwise well designed. All programs, including low income Home Energy Assistance program, screen using the same cost-effectiveness tests (i.e., TRC).  EERS includes a 10% adder for NEBs. 

Coordination of Ratepayer-Funded Low-Income Programs with WAP Services

Efforts to deliver low-income programs are coordinated with Community Action Agencies. Annual electric and MMBtu savings are revised to reflect current projects modeled by the CAAs. Low-income programs are funded in part by RGGI auction proceeds, pursuant to Legislative mandate.

Last updated: July 2018

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

New Hampshire does not have self-direct or opt-out programs.

Last updated: July 2018

Data AccessList All

Guidelines for Third Party Access

Docket DR 96-150 does not require utilities to release energy use data to third parties, but it does facilitate the transfer of data by establishing an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) working group. Customer authorization for this access is required (NH Code of Adm. Rules, PUC 2003.01). With customer authorization, suppliers can access Eversource's large customers' interval via a software package called Energy Profiler Online (EPO). Other utilities provide usage data via alternative formats.

Requirements for Provision of Energy Data

All utilities provide small businesses or residential customers with their usage data either via a request to customer service or for some utilities via a secure sign on. Utilities will also provide usage data to the owners of multi-tenant buildings and town officials upon request. 

New Hampshire requires the provision of energy use data to owners of multi-tenant buildings and public agencies in aggregated form.

Energy Use Data Availability

Large customers of all utilities can receive their usage data in electronic format, by request via Customer Service or their account executive. 

Last Updated: July 2018

Transportation
Score: 2 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

The state integrates transportation and land-use planning, but has not otherwise pursued policies to encourage efficient transportation systems.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

New Hampshire relies on federal vehicle emission standards, which are currently harmonized with California standards through model year 2025 vehicles, for the control of light duty vehicle emissions.  New Hampshire ensures compliance with these standards via a statewide vehicle inspection and maintenance program that includes on-board diagnostics testing for all vehicles so-equipped that are less than 20 years old.

Last Updated: October 2018

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land use Integration: The New Hampshire State Development Plan aims to maximize compact, sustainable developments across the state through the implementation of key smart growth principles in the project planning and execution stages.  The State’s nine regional planning commissions (RPCs), in collaboration with NH Dept. of Transportation (NHDOT), NH Dept. of Environmental Services, and other state and local government agencies completed work on A Granite State Future to help communities integrate planning across sectors and identify, share, and replicate successful projects.  In 2014 and 2015, the RPCs finalized Regional Plans in addition to  a Statewide Existing Conditions and Trends Assessment, a Housing Preferences Study and Regional Climate Change Assessments for Southern and Northern New Hampshire.

VMT Targets: No policy in place or proposed. However, a 2016 Executive Order 2016-03 establishes a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the state passenger vehicle fleet by 30 percent on a metric-ton basis by 2030, as compared to a 2010 baseline. The State Government Energy Committee, which is tasked with developing plans to comply with the Order, is promoting VMT reduction as an important component of meeting this target.

Complete Streets: A 2016 Legislative Study Committee created by Senate Bill 364 examined creation of a statewide Complete Streets Program.  The Study Committee found that Complete Streets programs provide a variety of benefits to communities and directed the NHDOT to work with stakeholders to: 1) create more formalized criteria to help prioritize Complete Streets-related project applications; 2) create a guidebook to aid municipalities in implementing Complete Streets including how to further encourage alternative modes of transportation; and 3) update guidelines to aid in the implementation of Complete Streets programs.  A number of New Hampshire communities have adopted and implemented Complete Streets policies and have created municipal Complete Streets planning and design guidelines.

FAST Freight Plans and Goals: The FAST Act requires States to develop a freight plan to comprehensively address freight planning activities and immediate and long-range investments.  NHDOT is developing an update to its 2012 New Hampshire State Rail Plan in compliance with the FAST Act. As part of the planning process, NHDOT has convened a State Freight Advisory Committee.  A number of Committee meetings and public open houses have already been completed.  Additional information is available on the NHDOT project website at https://www.nh.gov/dot/org/projectdevelopment/planning/freight-plan/ .

Last Updated: October 2018

Transit Funding List All

NHDOT continues to fund capital and operating costs under FTA 5310 Enhanced Mobility of Seniors & Individuals With Disabilities program.  Under this program, the federal share of eligible capital costs may not exceed 80 percent and 50 percent for operating assistance. The 10 percent that is eligible to fund program administrative costs including administration, planning, and technical assistance may be funded at 100 percent federal share.

Last Updated: October 2018

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

New Hampshire offered incentives for electric vehicle charging infrastructure in fiscal years 2015 and 2016.  No incentives for vehicles are in place or proposed.

Last Updated: October 2018

Equitable Access to TransportationList All
New Hampshire does not have any state programs in place to incentivize the creation of low-income housing near transit facilities, nor does it consider the proximity of transit facilities when distributing federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credits to qualifying property owners. Last Updated: July 2017
Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 3
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Policy: R.S.A. 339-G, Minimum Efficiency Standards for Certain Products

Description: In 2008, New Hampshire introduced appliance standards for four products through the passing of SB 259, codified as R.S.A 339-G. The legislation set standards for bottle-type water dispensers, commercial hot-food holding cabinets, residential furnaces, and furnace fans. The standards became effective January 1, 2009. New Hampshire had its standards for furnaces preempted by federal standards in 2013 and furnace fans in 2017. Otherwise, its remaining two standards have not yet been preempted.

Last Updated: July 2018