State and Local Policy Database

Tennessee

State Scorecard Rank

30

Tennessee

14.5Scored out of 50Updated 10/2019
State Government
Score: 4.5 out of 6
State Government Summary List All

The state offers a variety of financial incentives for energy efficiency. The state government leads by example by requiring energy-efficient buildings and fleets, benchmarking energy use in public buildings, and encouraging the use of energy savings performance contracts. The state has several major research centers focused on energy efficiency.

Financial Incentives List All

Financial incentive information for Tennessee is provided by the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE Tennessee). Information about additional incentives not present on DSIRE is listed here.

EmPower Tennessee Initiative: Through this initiative the state is working to reduce energy costs and consumption across state-owned and managed facilities by measuring and controlling energy use, investing in increasing energy efficiency and renewable power generation, and creating an operational environment of excellence. Of the state's approved $43 million budget for FY2016, over $37 million is dedicated to energy efficiency projects. The remainder will go to the procurement and implementation of a utility data management system and related energy management infrastructure.

Pathway Lending Energy Efficiency Loan Program (EELP): Pathway Lending's EELP provides Tennessee business and non-profit entities with below-market loans for energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements. In 2017, Pathway Lending issued 30 loans on 44 applications received, resulting in 5,761,110 kWh of annual energy savings and $661,830 in estimated monetary savings due to utility reductions. 

Pathway Lending’s EELP will not cover loan fees but will finance all other loan costs, including assessments, design, equipment and installation. Any project that reduces utility consumption, across electric, gas, or water, may apply for financing through this program. The loans are designed to allow for energy costs savings derived from each project to provide the repayment of the loan. The EELP now offers up to six years of financing for qualified energy efficiency and renewable energy projects to Tennessee local governmental entities, including municipalities, counties, school districts and other similar public agencies. To be eligible for a loan, a governmental entity must have a complete third-party energy audit, assessment or vendor proposal that details estimated energy savings. The EELP is a collaborative effort between Pathway Lending, the State of Tennessee / Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC), and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).

Last Updated: July 2018

Equity Metrics and Workforce DevelopmentList All

TDEC OEP and OPSP convened the Single- and Multi-family Low-Income Energy Efficiency Exchange Group (the “Exchange Group”) in December 2015 and met regularly through the end of 2017. The Exchange Group was comprised of a number of State and local agencies, utilities, and non-governmental entities, such as the Tennessee Housing Development Agency (THDA), the Department of Economic and Community Development, Metro Nashville Government, TVA, Pathway Lending, and Memphis Light, Gas, and Water. The Exchange Group sought to share best practices regarding single and multifamily low-income energy efficiency exchange programming efforts in Tennessee; to leverage existing technical and financial resources to further design, implementation, and administration of energy efficiency programming targeting low-income single and multifamily audiences; and to explore opportunities to develop resources that can assist with implementation of energy efficiency programming targeting low-income single and multifamily stakeholders. The Exchange Group’s efforts are reflected in the Single & Multifamily Low-Income Energy Efficiency Program Resource Manual—a work product housed on TDEC’s website. Specifically, the Resource Manual provides a framework for designing, implementing, and evaluating key elements of low-income focused EE programming and is accompanied by extensive resource annotations and an online asset map. The resource matrix, which was included within the Resource Manual as an appendix and which outlines single and multifamily low-income energy efficiency funding opportunities, is currently undergoing an update.

THDA offers a Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) against federal income tax liability each year (for 10 years) for owners and investors in low-income rental housing. The amount of tax credits is based on reasonable costs of development, as determined by THDA, and the number of qualified low-income units. Tax credits are awarded through both competitive and non-competitive processes. Competitive applicants could be awarded additional points in the application process if they agreed to achieve Enterprise Green Communities Certification at the properties being funded. The Enterprise Green Communities Certification process mandates energy efficiency at properties being evaluated and rewards the following energy efficiency activities: compliance with other energy efficiency building programs, including the ENERGY STAR New Homes Program or Multifamily High-Rise Program (MFHR); installation of energy efficient appliances, lighting, and heating and cooling equipment; preparation of property for future or expanded renewable energy generation onsite; and other energy efficiency and renewable energy measures to decrease residents’ energy burden. Competitive applicants could also be awarded additional points for meeting all of the following ENERGY STAR requirements at the properties being funded: ENERGY STAR rated HVAC systems in all units, 15 SEER minimum; ENERGY STAR refrigerator with ice maker, 19 cubic foot minimum; overhead light fixture connected to a wall switch in the living room and all overhead light fixtures in other rooms connected to a wall switch in the same room; all light fixtures fitted with ENERGY STAR light bulbs; ENERGY STAR rated windows in all units; and all toilets high efficiency or dual flush. In 2019, $34,828,731 in LIHTC was allocated between both competitive and non-competitive applications; by the end of the year, 16,076 units were under construction, and 51,232 units at 595 properties had been placed into service under the program. THDA continued to update its LIHTC interactive map that displays properties assisted through the program since 1989.

THDA also administers Tennessee’s Weatherization Assistance Program, which was established under Title IV of the Energy Conservation and Production Act and amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, the Energy Security Act, the Human Services Reauthorization Act of 1984, and the State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvement Act of 1990. The Weatherization Assistance Program is designed to assist low-income households in reducing their fuel costs while contributing to national energy conservation through increased energy efficiency and consumer education. Households that include young children, elderly, or disabled members are given priority for service. In 2019, THDA allocated $9,695,185 to eligible candidates under the Weatherization Assistance Program.

Finally, THDA administers Tennessee’s Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), a federally funded grant program created by the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981. The program aims to assist low income households, primarily those who pay a high proportion of household income on home energy, in meeting their immediate energy needs (including through weatherization outside the Weatherization Assistance Program). In Tennessee, LIHEAP is administered through a network of 19 local agencies that reach all 95 counties. In 2019, THDA allocated $187,073,215 to eligible candidates under LIHEAP, $6,481,699 of which was committed specifically to low-income weatherization projects under the program.

Workforce Development

In 2016, the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation’s Office of Energy Programs (TDEC OEP) launched a Professional Energy Manager (PEM) workforce development and training program that provided PEM credentialing to participants, instructing them on the principles of energy management, identification and implementation of no-and-low-cost energy efficiency measures, and other energy savings methods. The State encouraged diverse personnel with varying backgrounds, skillsets, and knowledge levels (e.g., facility managers, building operators, energy managers, financial officers, administrators) to attend the sessions and achieve the PEM certification. The program was offered tuition-free to State, local government, and utility employees, as well as to staff members from nonprofits and non-governmental organizations that operate energy-related programs. Following the course, participants were required to take and pass an exam in order to receive their PEM certification. By the end of the program, OEP provided PEM training to nearly 70 participants from the following sectors: public K-12 education; public higher education; local and State government; and state facility management. Although OEP no longer offers the training, PEM certification training is still provided by OEP’s program partner, the Institute of Energy Professionals (IEP). IEP offers a PEM training called the Energy Management Diploma Program, which has been attended by hundreds of energy professionals representing major corporations, cities, colleges/universities, military installations, and more.

In 2019, OEP’s State Facility Utility Management (SFUM) team also conducted over 75 in-person or online trainings on the State’s Utility Data Management (UDM) platform for more than 500 facility managers, accounts payable personnel, and sustainability professionals. The UDM platform is a uniform repository for utility costs and usage for approximately 8,000 State-owned and managed facilities (~103 million square feet, ~8,723 utility accounts, and ~10,835 meters) with integrated bill payment, utility tracking, and benchmarking capabilities. The platform provides a means for end-users—such as fiscal personnel, SFUM team members, State facility and utility managers, sustainability professionals, and technical assistance providers—to gain actionable insights into utility data for electric/lighting, natural gas, chilled water, steam, propane, fuel oil, and water/sewer services. In conjunction with trainings, the SFUM team created and published to the OEP website several step-by-step guides and resource videos in order to strengthen end-user familiarity and knowledge of the UDM platform and its capabilities. The UDM platform is currently utilized as a tool to bridge billing communications gaps and to promote collaboration between staff, providing a proactive approach for utility risk mitigation through bill review and a way to generate utility data reports for analysis with greater detail and speed.

Additionally, the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development provides several workforce development opportunities, including opportunities addressing energy, under partnerships with Tennessee Colleges of Applied Technology, Community Colleges, and other training institutions within the state. On June 18, 2020, U.S. DOE announced that it would invest $20 million in the University of Tennessee to advance workforce development in emerging energy fields. U.S. DOE’s investment will expand the University’s partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) through the Oak Ridge Institute (ORI). Over the course of the funded five-year interdisciplinary program, participating University of Tennessee students will focus on research and development in evolving technical fields, including resilient energy systems. In addition, students will also receive professional development training, including communications, computational literacy, and technology transfer, to prepare them for the 21st century workforce and develop their entrepreneurial skills. ORI will also develop a flexible workforce development program with modular interdisciplinary curriculum options that can be used as a model for workforce development partnerships between other universities, agencies, and national laboratories in the future. The program will support increased diversity and inclusion by encouraging participation among underrepresented minority groups, including military veteran, rural, and first-generation college students.

Several Tennessee entities also provide workforce development programs with an environmental or clean energy focus. For example, Knoxville’s Socially Equal Energy Efficient Development Program (SEEED) is a green community development non-profit focusing on creating and sustaining jobs for the city’s urban young people, as well as ensuring clean energy technologies are available for low income residents. SEEED creates pathways out of poverty for young adults through clean energy career readiness training, while equipping communities with environmental literacy skills.

Additionally, Build it Green (BIG) is a workforce development program offered by green|spaces in partnership with Build Me a World and Empower Chattanooga. Based on Knoxville’s SEEED program, BIG is a paid, 12-week energy jobs training initiative for young adults from low-income communities. BIG prepares its participants for entry level jobs in the energy services field while equipping them to engage low-income residents in sustainability practices and programs, such as for residential energy efficiency and weatherization projects. BIG also provides job shadowing opportunities and job placement assistance for all participants.

Last Updated: September 2020

Carbon Pricing PoliciesList All

The State of Tennessee does not yet have carbon pricing policies in place.

TDEC OEP has used EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator to estimate CO2 emissions avoided by State-led energy efficiency programs, including EmPOWER TN, Energy Efficient Schools Initiative, and Pathway Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loan Program. The utilities do not currently include emissions reductions within benefit-cost testing calculations.

Last Updated: October 2020

Building Energy Disclosure List All

There is no disclosure policy in place.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Public Building Requirements List All

To maximize utility savings opportunities for State facilities, the State building energy management statutory responsibilities for State-owned and managed properties (Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 4-3-1012 and 4-3-1017-1019) were transferred from the Department of General Services (DGS) to TDEC OEP via Executive Order No. 63 on January 1, 2017. A new section, SFUM, was formed under OEP.

SFUM strives to provide actionable utility insights to State facilities, enabling them to make informed decisions that optimize their facility energy consumption as well as their associated utility savings. To support this goal, SFUM administers several utility savings and building energy management initiatives, including the following:

  • Development and maintenance of an online UDM platform for approximately 8,000 State-owned and managed facilities.
  • Oversight of energy efficiency projects under the EmPower TN initiative, designed to reduce energy consumption and utility costs for participating State facilities through the implementation of energy efficient technologies and/or energy management systems.
  • Provision of no-cost technical assistance to State agencies and public higher education facilities to promote the implementation of energy management, energy efficiency, and/or renewable energy projects that meet the needs, budgets, and priorities of participating entities.

The UDM platform is a uniform repository for utility costs and usage for approximately 8,000 State-owned and managed facilities (~103 million square feet) with integrated bill payment, utility tracking, and benchmarking capabilities. The platform provides a means for end-users—such as fiscal personnel, SFUM team members, State facility and utility managers, sustainability professionals, and technical assistance providers—to gain actionable insights into utility data. In 2019, the SFUM team completed the three-year UDM project development, configuration, and implementation phase for all 72 General Government agencies and Higher Education campuses. Historical data has been uploaded, and ongoing data feeds established, for all known and active State utility accounts (~8,723) and meters (~10,835). 567 end-users across General Government and Higher Education have been granted access to the UDM platform. As a result, the SFUM team is now able to provide aggregated utility consumption and cost data.

As of May 2019, SFUM now tracks all utility energy use at State-owned and managed facilities through the UDM system, including institutions of higher education. Additionally, all EmPower TN energy efficiency project savings are measured and verified. For certain projects, the SFUM team is working with TVA and one of TVA’s contractors to determine energy usage baselines and create detailed energy surveys (DES). Each DES is specific to the individual project and energy conservation measure. Baseline physical conditions (energy consumption, control strategies, equipment inventory and conditions, occupancy, nameplate data, etc.) are identified through inspections, short-term metering activities, spot measurements, and surveys. The baseline conditions will be used to determine estimated savings by comparing the baseline energy use to the post-installation energy use. Currently, the State of Tennessee is able to benchmark 100% of its approximately 103 million square feet of State-owned and managed facilities by primary use type, square footage, postal code, utility provider, commodity, and location.

High Performance Building Requirements (HPBr)

The Tennessee High Performance Building Requirements (HPBr), developed by the Office of the State Architect and DGS, reflect a system of design and construction requirements that intend to reduce total cost of ownership, improve project value, and increase the performance and sustainability of Tennessee’s portfolio of State buildings. The HPBr provides a consistent approach to new construction and renovation that reflects industry best practices. The HPBr includes review of an energy model as well as system commissioning through design and construction to ensure that energy systems function optimally as designed. In addition to the energy modeling, HPBr asserts that construction and renovation efforts must utilize sustainable materials and actively recycle on each job site.

The HPBr necessitate compliance with ASHRAE 90.1-2010 for all State facilities and higher education campuses. They also contain a checklist to encourage energy performance above ASHRAE 90.1-2010, including total building performance, lighting power levels, daylight harvesting, vacancy sensors, and high efficiency HVAC. In accordance with TCA §12-3-905, the HPBr mandate the purchase and installation of ENERGY STAR equipment for all ENERGY STAR eligible equipment types. Finally, the HPBr dictate that data centers with cooling systems be sub-metered downstream of the Uninterruptible Power Supply, a requirement for achieving an ENERGY STAR rating.

The State's HPBr only apply to State owned- and managed facilities, including higher education campuses. However, municipal and county governments have implemented requirements and programs for their own public buildings, including the following:

Chattanooga
As a U.S. DOE Better Buildings Challenge partner, the City of Chattanooga has improved its cumulative municipal buildings’ energy performance by 25% from a 2013 baseline, far exceeding its goal of 20% improvement by 2025 (based on a commitment of 2 million square feet of its municipal building portfolio). This was achieved through a variety of building energy policies and upgrades, including building retro-commissioning, the adoption of ENERGY STAR appliances and utilities, participation in the local power company’s demand response program, an upgrade to LEDs, and more. Learn more at https://betterbuildingsinitiative.energy.gov/partners/chattanooga-tn.

Knoxville
As a U.S. DOE Better Buildings Challenge Partner, the City of Knoxville has improved its cumulative municipal buildings’ energy performance by 14% from a 2010 baseline, making progress towards its goal of 20% improvement by 2022 (based on a commitment of 2.06 million square feet of its municipal building portfolio). Learn more at https://betterbuildingssolutioncenter.energy.gov/partners/knoxville-tn.

Nashville
On June 5th, 2019, the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County approved new legislation requiring buildings owned by Metro Government to meet new green building standards. This included the development of a strategic energy management plan, to include timelines and cost estimates for implementing:

  • An energy retrofit program across at least 9% of Metro Government-owned buildings by square footage between 2021 and 2024, prioritizing buildings that have core systems and equipment nearing the end of their useful lives, with a goal of achieving at least 20% reductions in average energy and greenhouse gas emissions; and
  • A LEED® Zero retrofit program across at least 12.5% of Metro Government-owned buildings by square footage between 2026 and 2032. Renewable energy certificates (“RECs”) may be used as part of this retrofit program.

Additionally, Metro Nashville has an ordinance in place that requires all new and renovated Metro buildings over 5,000 square feet to achieve LEED® Silver or a greater level of LEED certification. As part of that requirement, facilities are designed to reduce annual energy cost compared to a code minimum standard by at least 10%.

Last Updated: July 2020

Fleets List All

Tennessee Code Annotated §4-3-1109 (Energy Efficient State Vehicles) establishes the goal that 100% of newly purchased passenger vehicles be energy-efficient vehicles or alternative fuel motor vehicles. An energy-efficient motor vehicle is defined as a passenger motor vehicle that is:

  • An alternate fuel vehicle as defined by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486);
  • A flexible fuel vehicle (FFV) utilizing ethanol, biodiesel, or any other commercially available alternative fuel approved by the United States Department of Energy;
  • A hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV);
  • A compact fuel-efficient vehicle, defined as a vehicle powered by unleaded gasoline that has a United States EPA estimated highway gasoline mileage rating of at least twenty-five miles per gallon (25 mpg) or greater for the model year purchased;
  • An electric vehicle (EV);
  • A vehicle powered by natural gas; or
  • A vehicle powered by ultra- low sulfur diesel fuel that meets Bin 5, Tier II emission standards mandated by the EPA and that has an EPA estimated highway mileage rating of at least thirty miles per gallon (30 mpg) or greater for the model year purchased.

As of June 30, 2019, the State owned 375 energy-efficient passenger motor vehicles, including 202 FFVs, 29 HEVs, 4 EVs, and 140 energy-efficient vehicles with an average highway fuel economy of at least 25 MPG. Included in these totals are 67 passenger vehicles that were purchased during State Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 (July 1, 2018-June 30, 2019), all of which were energy efficient. The State met its target goal of purchasing 100% energy-efficient passenger vehicles in FY2019.

Furthermore, as most vehicle manufacturers are reducing their number of FFV offerings and are instead focusing on the release of new EV models, the Tennessee Department of General Services Division of Motor Vehicle Management is developing a state-wide EV implementation plan to submit to the Governor in 2020. This plan will examine infrastructure and Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) offerings to prepare for the vehicle industry changes that are underway.

Tennessee statute also requires that 25% of newly purchased passenger motor vehicles procured for use in areas designated by the EPA as nonattainment areas shall be hybrid-electric vehicles or vehicles powered by natural gas, provided that such vehicles and fueling infrastructure are available at the time of procurement and such vehicles are purchased at competitive prices. In the event that such vehicles or fueling infrastructure are not available at the time of procurement, the State may instead meet this mandate by procuring compact fuel-efficient vehicles.

In areas that are not designated by the EPA as nonattainment areas, the State shall ensure that at least 25% of newly purchased passenger motor vehicles are hybrid-electric vehicles, vehicles powered by natural gas, or compact fuel-efficient vehicles, provided that such vehicles are purchased at competitive prices. As of May 2020, the only area designated by the EPA as nonattainment in Tennessee is Sullivan County (Sullivan County does not meet the 2010 Sulfur Dioxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard).

Last Updated: July 2020

Energy Savings Performance Contracting List All

The State of Tennessee does not track public sector performance contract projects. However, TDEC OEP is aware of at least eight performance contracts which have either been contracted for construction or completed within the last five years, including: The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Bradley County Schools, Cleveland Housing Authority, the City of Knoxville, Montgomery County, Williamson County Government, Williamson County Schools, and the City of Paris.

Additionally, the State of Tennessee has completed 32 projects through two separate contract efforts, with projected annual energy cost savings amounting to almost $10 million. The Tennessee Board of Regents, which is the Supervisory Board for State universities outside of the University of Tennessee system, community colleges, and vocational-technical schools, has completed 17 ESPC projects since 2004, totaling $54 million in investment. The annual projected savings for these projects was $6.8 million.

In May 2018, the Tennessee legislature passed legislation acknowledging that State procurement agencies may enter into performance contracts for energy savings for State-owned buildings and facilities through alternative procurement or contracting vehicles. The legislation also encourages up to five pilot projects. This bill amended TCA Title 4 and Title 12.

Also in May 2018, the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis signed a contract for a $5.5 million ESPC project. This is the first phase of a planned $30 million project to overhaul the campus’ energy and plant equipment. Construction is expected to begin in the summer of 2019. Additionally, in March 2018, Williamson County initiated a multi-phase ESPC project for upgrades to their county buildings and facilities. In January 2019, Williamson County signed the first phase of the contract ($18M) to begin construction, which it is anticipated to be completed in early 2020.

Last Reviewed: July 2020

Research & Development List All

Tennessee’s energy efficiency research and development field comprises a variety of contributors, including several higher education institutions as well as a national laboratory. More information on these efforts follows.

The University of Tennessee - Knoxville (UT-Knoxville)

UT-Knoxville has a strong partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which collaborates with other state stakeholders and industry members, including the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), on energy research. The University of Tennessee Research Foundation (UTRF) also promotes the commercialization and deployment of advanced technologies, some of which are related to energy efficiency.

UT-Knoxville hosts several educational energy exhibits and infrastructure projects on its campus and various properties, serving as student and faculty tools for both public outreach and academic research. In December 2018, State and local leaders gathered to celebrate the opening of the I-40 Solar Farm Information and Welcome Center in Haywood County. On display is an interactive exhibit designed by UT-Knoxville, SPECTRUM, which highlights advancements in renewable energy and energy efficiency. The facility, designed by Memphis firm ANF Architect and funded by TDEC OEP, also features a nearly 360-degree view of the surrounding 5 MW, 25-acre West Tennessee Solar Farm, which surrounds the building.

Additionally, a solar array installed in April 2015 on a UT-Knoxville parking garage has proven to make the campus more energy efficient and continually serves as a research tool for students seeking to develop and study next generation renewable energy technologies. Research on this array and the efficiency impacts of on-campus power generation will continue for at least the next few years.

The Center for Ultra-Wide-Area Resilient Electric Energy Transmission Networks (CURENT) is a National Science Foundation (NSF) Engineering Research Center, led by UT-Knoxville, which is jointly supported by the National Science Foundation and U.S. DOE. Partner higher education institutions include Northeastern University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and Tuskegee University. CURENT's research focuses on improvement in grid transmission efficiency, better accommodation of renewable energy sources, full utilization of energy storage, and accommodation of responsive load. CURENT’s main project is to contribute to a nationwide transmission grid vision that will be fully monitored and dynamically controlled in real-time for high efficiency, high reliability, low cost, better accommodation of renewable energy sources, full utilization of energy storage, and accommodation of responsive load. CURENT partners, including the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga, ORNL, National Instruments, EPRI, TVA, and Green Energy Corp, will work to assist in project implementation and eventual commercialization.

The Institute for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation (IACMI) is a public-private partnership led by UT-Knoxville that focuses on advanced fiber-reinforced polymer composites, which combine strong fibers with tough plastics to cost-effectively manufacture materials that are lighter and stronger than steel. IACMI is supported by a $70 million commitment from DOE and a $189 million commitment from IACMI's partners (including Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Vanderbilt University, and more). IACMI has also received a $15 million commitment from the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development as part of an effort to facilitate local breakthroughs in energy-efficient manufacturing and materials. Established by UTRF as a Tennessee-based nonprofit 501(c)(3), IACMI houses more than 170 members and continues to overcome barriers to the use of advanced composites through the development of low-cost, high-speed, and energy-efficient manufacturing and recycling processes. Through this work, IACMI will focus on lowering the production cost of advanced composites by 25%, reducing the energy used to make composites by 50%, and increasing the recyclability of composites to over 80% within 10 years.

Of IACMI’s 55 active research and development projects, 9 have been completed, 15 are in process, and 31 are in review. See a full list of IACMI’s energy efficiency projects at https://iacmi.org/active-projects/.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) 

As a U.S. DOE National Laboratory, ORNL applies expertise in advanced materials, supercomputing, neutrons, and nuclear science to national priorities in energy, security, and scientific discovery. ORNL’s research community works with many of the country’s best innovators and businesses to research, develop, and demonstrate cutting-edge technologies and to break down market barriers in sustainable transportation, renewable power, and energy efficiency. ORNL views the acceleration of widespread clean energy innovation as necessary to providing affordable and reliable energy, promoting economic growth, and supporting energy security.

ORNL’s DOE-designated National User Facilities provide locations for collaborative research and development on energy efficient technologies and include: the Buildings Technologies Research and Integration Center; the Carbon Fiber Technology Facility; the Manufacturing Demonstration Facility; and the National Transportation Research Center. ORNL is managed by UT-Battelle.

Research highlights in the aforementioned areas include: 

  • Researching low-global warming potential alternative refrigerants.
  • Driving innovation and efficiency in home appliances.
  • Transferring materials science to the building envelope space.
  • Developing low-cost, efficiently produced carbon fiber.
  • Developing new, efficiently produced materials and alloys for U.S. manufacturing.
  • Accelerating the electrification of transportation.
  • Developing lightweight, domestically sourced, and efficiently produced materials for future vehicles.

Tennessee Technological University (TTU) 

The Center for Manufacturing Research at TTU focuses on advanced manufacturing and materials for energy storage and conversion. The Center conducts energy assessments as part of its DOE-funded Industrial Assessment Center (IAC), which has been active since 2006. Through the IAC, engineering professors and students perform onsite energy assessments on industrial sites to locate and recommend energy efficiency opportunities. In 2018, the IAC was recognized as a Center of Excellence by U.S. DOE’s Advanced Manufacturing Office for its outstanding performance, having completed 220 assessments and identified $26.99 million in stakeholder cost savings throughout its life.

TTU also houses a Center for Energy Systems Research (CESR), established to advance energy system design, efficiency, and resilience. Read more about its energy efficiency activities here.

University of Memphis 

The University of Memphis houses a second TN-based, U.S. DOE-funded IAC, which provides no-cost studies of manufacturing plants across West Tennessee, North Mississippi, and Eastern Arkansas. Engineering and Technology students perform studies analyzing a plant’s energy, waste, and productivity issues. In addition, the IAC provides an educational opportunity to engineering students through on-site plant visits, data analysis, and technical report writing. On average, recommended actions from an assessment result in annual cost savings of $55,000.

Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) 

MTSU houses a Center for Energy Efficiency, which provides both an organized approach to campus-wide efficiency projects as well as educational opportunities for students and the professional community. Focusing on its “Three Cs”—Campus, Classroom, and Community—the Center supervises building retrofits, energy management projects, infrastructure upgrades, etc.; offers cooperative internship opportunities and job placement for students in energy efficiency fields; and provides educational/energy certification seminars, training opportunities, and leadership resources.

Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt University is currently researching several energy topics supported by funding awards from the National Science Foundation and U.S. DOE, totaling around $3 million. Learn more about the University’s efforts here.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Buildings
Score: 3.5 out of 8
Buildings Summary List All

Since Tennessee is a home rule state, codes are adopted and enforced at the jurisdictional level. In August 2019, the state adopted the 2018 IRC and the 2018 IECC codes with amendments for residential construction. This change went into effect on July 16, 2020. Commercial and state-owned buildings must comply with the 2012 IECC. Tennessee has hosted code training sessions.

Residential Codes List All

State building codes adoption and enforcement efforts fall under the purview of the State Fire Marshal’s Office within the Department of Commerce and Insurance (C&I). Any changes to building energy code must comply with the State’s rule-making procedures. On August 27, 2019, C&I conducted a rulemaking hearing to adopt the 2018 International Residential Code (IRC) and the 2018 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) with weakening amendments for residential one and two family dwellings and townhouses. The rule adopts the 2015 IRC seismic design categories (seismic map) instead of the 2018 seismic design categories (seismic map), and retains the 2009 IRC and IECC requirements for Testing, Duct Testing and Air Leakage, Insulation and Fenestration Requirements. The rule removes the requirement that the permit be purchased in the jurisdiction where the work will be performed, and the rule also allows a local government to request a building standard less stringent than the state standard adopted by a different jurisdiction. The permanent rules were filed with the Secretary of State on April 21, 2020 and are expected to go into effect on July 16, 2020. See the Rulemaking Hearing Rule(s) Filing Form (the amendments can be found on page 2 and 3) and the EERE Building Energy Codes Program page for additional information.

However, because Tennessee is a “home rule” State, significant variation exists in codes adoption and enforcement at the local level. Under Tennessee statute, all local jurisdictions must adopt a residential energy code that is within seven years of the most recently published energy code. All local jurisdictions may also opt out of residential building energy code adoption with a two-thirds majority vote of the local governing body. In addition, local jurisdictions cannot be required to adopt a local code that is more stringent than the one adopted by the State, but they may voluntarily choose to adopt an updated code version. If opting out, the vote must be completed after each local election cycle. As of May 2019, 92 jurisdictions have opted in to the state residential building code (apply the statewide building code to their jurisdiction and utilize the state’s building permit system and building inspectors), 80 jurisdictions have opted out (building codes are not recognized nor enforced), and 264 jurisdictions are exempt (building codes are adopted locally, meeting or exceeding the statewide standard; exempt jurisdictions hire their own inspectors and all paperwork is administered locally and audited on a 3 year cycle). More recently, C&I reports that as of June 2020, 165 local jurisdictions have adopted building energy codes that exceed the 2009 IECC adopted by the State. Of those, 34 local jurisdictions have already adopted the 2018 Residential IECC, and 21 have adopted the 2015 IECC.

Moreover, a large majority of Tennessee's construction activity occurs in the greater areas of Memphis, Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Nashville, all of which have building codes which meet or exceed the State's minimum building code. As of May 2019, roughly 770,000 Tennessee residents live in jurisdictions with “opt-out” status. Subtracting this number from Tennessee’s total population (6,829,000), an estimated 6,059,000 residents—89% of the state’s population—live in jurisdictions with building code adoption.

The State began implementation and enforcement of adopted energy codes for new building projects in July 2011. The State Fire Marshal’s Office requires a State building permit for new residential construction in areas of the State, except those where an exempt local government is enforcing a residential building code itself or where the local government has notified the Department it has opted out of the law. Building construction projects subject to code enforcement by the State Fire Marshal’s Office are required to obtain a State building code permit prior to commencing construction. The Department verifies contractors' licensure as part of the permitting process.

Last Reviewed: September 2020

Commercial Code List All

State building codes adoption and enforcement efforts fall under the purview of the State Fire Marshal’s Office within the Department of Commerce and Insurance (C&I). Any changes to building energy code must comply with the state’s rule-making procedures. On August 19, 2015, C&I conducted a rulemaking hearing to adopt the 2012 IECC for commercial and state-owned buildings. The permanent rules were filed with the Secretary of State on May 6, 2016 and went into effect on August 4, 2016. For certain types of commercial facilities—specifically Moderate-hazard factory industrial, Group F-1; Low-hazard factory industrial, Group F-2; Moderate-hazard storage, Group S-1; and Low-hazard storage, Group S-2 buildings—2006 IECC applies in lieu of 2012 IECC under these rules. See https://www.energycodes.gov/adoption/states/tennessee for additional information. 

As is noted above, because Tennessee is a “home rule” State, significant variation exists in codes adoption and enforcement at the local level. Local jurisdictions cannot be required to adopt a local code that is more stringent than the one adopted by the State, but they may voluntarily choose to adopt an updated code version. C&I does not maintain a list of local commercial building code adoptions.

The State began implementation and enforcement of adopted energy codes for new building projects in July 2011. The State Fire Marshal’s Office requires a State building permit for new residential and certain commercial construction in areas of the State, except those where an exempt local government is enforcing a residential or commercial building code itself or where the local government has notified the Department it has opted out of the law. Building construction projects subject to code enforcement by the State Fire Marshal’s Office are required to obtain a State building code permit prior to commencing construction. The Department verifies contractors' licensure as part of the permitting process.  

Last Reviewed: September 2020

 

Compliance List All
  • Gap Analysis/Strategic Compliance Plan:  The Tennessee (TDEC) Office of Energy Programs, the Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance, and the Tennessee Fire Service and Codes Enforcement Academy) are currently engaged in a residential energy code compliance baseline field study. The Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance (SEEA) and its partner, Southface, are leading the initiative, which is funded by a U.S. Department of Energy award to SEEA.  This study will focus on a sample of single-family homes in the two climate zones in Tennessee and will identify the residential building energy code sections for which the State may wish to consider conducting additional education, outreach, and/or training.  The kickoff meeting was held in March 2017, and the study is expected to be completed in FY2018.
  • Baseline & Updated Compliance Studies: Under state regulations, the State Fire Marshal’s Office is granted authority to audit local exempt jurisdictions every three years, in order to check that they are enforcing codes correctly. The State Fire Marshal’s Office audits exempt jurisdictions to verify code compliance and inspector certifications. This is an ongoing task and not a comprehensive audit of all jurisdictions at the same time. Approximately 90 jurisdictions are audited each year.

    Additionally, the State of Tennessee — through OEP, C&I, and the Tennessee Fire Service and Codes Enforcement Academy — participated in a residential energy code compliance baseline field study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and conducted by the Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance (SEEA) and Southface. This study focused on a sample of single-family homes in Tennessee’s two climate zones and will identify the residential building energy code sections for which the State may wish to consider conducting additional education, outreach, and/or training. Data was collected from 15 counties spread out across Tennessee, with Davidson County having the highest number of homes tested (27 homes) and Sevier County having the fewest number of homes tested (2 homes). More than 2,300 different data points were collected across the 138 different homes used in the study. The study was conducted in 2018 and a preliminary draft report was issued in February 2019. The final project report is awaiting review, approval, and publication by DOE. Once that report has been approved, the report and its findings will be published.

  • Utility Involvement: The State Fire Marshal’s Office has not established utility commission regulatory guidelines. The Tennessee Public Utility Commissioner (formerly Tennessee Regulatory Authority) does not regulate the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the federally-owned corporation that provides electricity to approximately 99.7% of the electricity service territory in Tennessee.)

  • Stakeholder Advisory Group: Over the course of 2019, the State Fire Marshal’s Office held several stakeholder meetings to seek input on the proposed adoption of the 2018 IRC. Additionally, the State Fire Marshal’s Office has met with the Southeastern Energy Efficiency Alliance (SEEA) several times over the past several years to discuss building energy codes and enforcement. SEEA has offered to provide assistance and advice for adopting new codes and to influence energy code stakeholders. There is no established timetable for meetings. They are convened on an as-needed basis.
  • Training/Outreach: 
    • In addition to adoption and enforcement of building energy codes, C&I provides training and continuing professional education courses to codes inspectors across the state through the Tennessee Fire Service and Codes Enforcement Academy (TFSCEA). In 2013, TDEC OEP provided $195,000 in grant funding to C&I to develop a 2012 IECC training program for inspectors. OEP also provided C&I the opportunity to participate in 2012 IECC “train-the-trainer” courses administered by Southface Energy Institute. The grant funding allowed C&I to purchase equipment and gain the knowledge necessary to provide training to codes inspectors across the state.

      Following the grant period in 2013, C&I offered several free training opportunities to codes inspectors in all regions of the state. Classes were hosted at the TFSCEA campus in Bell Buckle as well as offered in jurisdictions throughout Tennessee. Stephen Snow, TFSCEA Codes Enforcement Program Director, noted that the training program was extremely successful in its initial outreach. He indicated that requests for the training slowed for some years once jurisdictions decided to adopt or not adopt the 2012 codes. However, he also stated that the State requirement for jurisdictions to adopt an edition of the IECC that is always within seven years of the latest printed edition has spurred jurisdictions to once again explore which viable edition they will adopt. 

      For example, the town of Cookeville requested in early 2016 that TFSCEA come and provide training to approximately 40 of its local contractors for the sole purpose of learning IECC requirements. In February 2016, the East TN Building Officials Association asked TFSCEA to hold IECC training for approximately 130 inspectors and building officials in their region to help their inspectors understand and implement IECC testing requirements. As interest in IECC adoption and enforcement increases, TFSCEA will create more IECC courses throughout the state to move out of “introductory” training and into more “topic-specific” training.

      TFSCEA and the State Fire Marshal’s Office have also been exploring implementation of a comprehensive program to incorporate “distance learning,” which will change the way all Academy training, including IECC courses, will be offered. This online training will reach more individuals and small groups of officials within jurisdictions whose strict budgets have traditionally precluded travel to the TFSCEA campus. While more jurisdictions have adopted the 2012 IECC through the support of Academy IECC training, new inspectors joining these departments will be more easily trained in the use of the code through online course delivery. All students will still have access to the resources the Academy can provide to support their training. TFSCEA and the State Fire Marshal’s Office are optimistic about the benefit this new medium will bring to inspectors and will have a variety of online presentation methods and testing options to ensure that students of TFSCEA distance learning are properly equipped to enforce the most current and viable editions of the IECC. Although TFSCEA has begun to offer several of its courses through this “distance learning” medium, the Academy does not currently offer IECC training through an online portal.

Last Reviewed: September 2020

 

CHP
Score: 2 out of 3
CHP Summary List All

The state offers financing assistance for some CHP projects and has identified CHP as a resource to improve energy system resilience. Two new CHP systems came online in Tennessee in 2018.

Interconnection StandardsList All

Policy: Tennessee Interconnection orders

Description: On January 5, 2007, the Tennessee Regulatory Authority (TRA) issued orders in dockets 06-00182 and 06-00183 stating that Entergy and Kentucky Utilities had already implemented standards 11 (net metering), 14 (time-based metering), and 15 (interconnection) as described by PURPA 2005, prior to August 8, 2005 and further consideration of those standards by TRA was not required (i.e., declining to make any changes in the existing standards).

In August 2007, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) adopted a modified version of PURPA 2005: "TVA shall make available, upon request, interconnection service, for generators with output of 20 MW or less, to any electric consumer that it serves." As part of its decision, TVA is allowing the distribution utilities that operate in its territory the flexibility to create their own interconnection procedures that are similar to TVA's.

TVA also offers the Dispersed Power Production Program, under which a facility that generates small amounts of power (typically less than 80 MW), including CHP systems, may qualify to connect to TVA power lines. Once connected, a qualifying facility can either use its power for itself and sell any extra to TVA at TVA's avoided costs, or it can sell all of its power to TVA at TVA's avoided costs.

Last Updated: July 2019

Encouraging CHP as a ResourceList All

There are currently no state policies designed to acquire energy savings from CHP (like other efficiency resources) or energy generation from CHP (in terms of kWh production) that apply to all forms of CHP.

Last Updated: July 2018

Deployment IncentivesList All

Tennessee has several policies and programs in place that can incentivize CHP deployment in addition to other technologies and resources.

In 2015, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) issued a request for proposals to industrial customers in the TVA-service area to provide technical guidance and financial assistance towards the capital costs of waste heat recovery and/or CHP projects. The objective is to provide up to $7 Million to establish at least 5 MW of customer-owned generation from waste heat recovery and CHP. TVA awarded $6.75 Million to Erlanger Health Systems in Chattanooga, TN to build a 6 MW CHP facility, which is under construction. 

In 2016, TVA announced it was awarding $6.75 million toward Erlanger Health System's new 8MW onsite CHP facility in Chattanooga, TN. The system became operational in late 2018 and is providing electricity, steam, and chilled water to the hospital campus. TVA and The Chemours Company also announced in January 2015 that they would convert a limited-use combustion turbine at TVA Johnsonville into a highly efficient CHP plant while continuing to provide steam to Chemours, which came online in 2018 with a capacity of 87 MW.

The Pathway Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loan Program (EELP), a low-interest revolving loan fund, launched in 2010 to assist Tennessee for-profit and not-for-profit commercial and industrial businesses in implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements. In January 2016, EELP was expanded to offer financing to local government entities, including municipalities, counties, school districts, and other public agencies. Pathway Lending, a US Treasury certified community development financial institution, oversees the $33 million revolving loan fund, which is comprised of loan capital provided by the State / the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation’s Office of Energy Programs (TDEC OEP) ($14 million), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) ($14 million), and Pathway Lending ($5 million). Eligible projects under EELP include, but are not limited to: energy efficient equipment upgrades; lighting; building envelope retrofits; cool roofs; renewable energy installations; and co-generation, including CHP.

Throughout 2018, five-year term Energy Efficiency loans had a fixed interest rate of 2%, and ten-year term Renewable Energy loans had a fixed interest rate of 5%. Local government entities were eligible to receive up to six years of financing at a 2% interest for qualified energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. Qualifying entities could apply for loans between $20,000 and $5 million.

At the State level, the Tennessee General Assembly passed the Energy Independence Act  in 2014, which amended TCA §67-4-2004(9) to include facilities utilizing natural gas in a CHP configuration, granting them the same treatment as geothermal, hydrogen, solar, and wind sources for excise tax assessment purposes, based on the cost of installation. 

Further, the Tennessee Public Utility Commission, through TCA §65-5-103, may authorize utilities to recover operational expenses and capital costs and earn a return on CHP installations in industrial and commercial sites. This 2014 statutory change opened up opportunities for investment, innovation, and partnerships with investor owned utilities in the State of Tennessee.

 

Last Updated: July 2019

Additional Supportive PoliciesList All

Some additional supportive policies exist to encourage CHP in Tennessee. The Qualified Energy Conservation Bond Program and Clean Tennessee Energy Grant Program have both been used in the past to encourage the deployment of waste heat to power (WHP) systems in the state.

The University of Tennessee Center for Industrial Services also helps companies evaluate, measure, and create a site-specific energy plan, which may include evaluating CHP options. 

In February 2019, the Board of Directors for the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the federally-owned corporate electricity provider for Tennessee, approved a project that will seek to deploy CHP, solar, and other technologies to address behind-the-meter customer needs. This project, called the DER Flexibility Research Project, allows member utilities to deploy CHP systems as well as to enter into a purchased power agreement with TVA for the power provided. The project is capped at 300MW total, of which a third may be CHP. TVA and the member utility organization have stated goals for the project of providing high levels of distribution system reliability and resiliency.  

Last Updated: July 2019

Utilities
Score: 1 out of 20
Utilities Summary List All

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the largest publicly-owned electric utility in the country, is the primary electricity provider in Tennessee. As a publicly-owned utility, TVA is governed by a board of directors. While past energy efficiency efforts have been modest, TVA has ramped up energy efficiency programs for electricity customers across all sectors in recent years. Nonetheless, Tennessee falls below the national average for efficiency spending and realized savings.

The Tennessee Regulatory Authority (TRA) is the state agency charged with the setting of rates and service standards for privately-owned telephone, natural gas, electric, and water utilities.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Customer Energy Efficiency Programs List All

In June 2007, the Tennessee legislature approved a joint resolution calling for the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the largest publicly-owned electric utility in the country, to initiate large-scale efforts to improve energy efficiency. House Joint Resolution Number 472 noted, "[E]nergy conservation can easily meet and exceed the growing demand for electricity; and….TVA used energy efficient means of creating power in the 1970s to supplant the need to build new power plants." In response, TVA has released a suite of energy efficiency programs, for all customer segments, including but not limited to: home energy evaluations, rebates and attractive financing for efficiency measures, and technical/advising services.

The most recent budgets for energy efficiency programs and electricity and natural gas savings can be found in the State Spending and Savings Tables.

Last Updated: July 2018

Energy Efficiency as a Resource List All

There is currently no state-level policy in place that treats energy efficiency in the electricity sector as a resource. However, TVA evaluates energy efficiency and demand response programs on a level playing field with generation assets through the Integrated Resource Plan process.

For more information on energy efficiency as a resource, click here.

Last Updated: July 2018

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards List All

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) stated in its 2008 Environmental Policy that in order to meet its objective of reducing the rate of carbon emissions, it needed to reduce load growth by at least one-quarter over five years through energy efficiency and demand-side initiatives.

In its 2011 integrated resource plan, TVA included savings goals from energy efficiency and demand-response in its recommended planning direction. The goals included reductions in peak demand of 3,600-5,100 MW and energy savings of 11,400-14,400 GWh to be met by the year 2020. These ranges include savings already achieved through 2010, when the planning process began. The degree to which these goals are binding in the long term is unclear and therefore is not considered an EERS. 

Last Updated: July 2018

Utility Business Model List All

There is currently no policy in place that decouples electric utility profits from sales, but the Tennessee Valley Authority made a determination that efforts will be made to address the issue of lost contributions to fixed costs for distributors.

In 2010, the Tennessee Regulatory Authority (TRA) approved the Chattanooga Gas Co.'s request for an increased monthly charge for fixed costs to “more properly align the interest of ratepayers and utilities in better promoting energy efficiency.” The mechanism is referred to the Alignment and Usage Adjustment (AUA). The AUA applies to residential (R-1) and Small Commercial (C-1) classes. A revenue per customer was calculated for the aforementioned customer classes in docket 09-00183. Each year, the actual revenue per customer is compared to the benchmark revenue per customer. If the revenue per customer declines, then customers are surcharged to collect the difference during the subsequent year, and vice-versa. The AUA was approved on a three-year trial and was extended pending a full report on the mechanism. It remains in effect. There is, however, a 2% accrual on margin recoveries. 

There is currently no policy in place that rewards successful energy efficiency programs. The Tennessee Valley Authority has made a determination that incentives are not appropriate for a public power company.

Last Updated: July 2018

Evaluation, Measurement, & Verification List All
  • Primary cost-effectiveness test(s) used: total resource cost test
  • Secondary cost-effectiveness test(s) used: utility cost test, ratepayer impact measure test

Evaluations in Tennessee are mainly administered by the Tennessee Valley Authority. There are no specific legal requirements for these evaluations in Tennessee.

According to the Database of State Efficiency Screening Practices (DSESP), TVA relies on a Total Resource Cost model (TRC) to be its primary cost effectiveness test for decision making. In addition, Tennessee uses the Ratepayer Impact Measure test (RIM) and the Utility Cost Test (UCT) as a secondary test.  According to TVA, the benefit-cost tests are required for overall portfolio and total program level screening. The rules for benefit-cost tests are not specified. Some exceptions of flexibility exist in the application like low-income programs, pilots, and new technologies. TVA has instituted a robust EM&V effort to assess all its programs on an ongoing three- to four-year cycle. An independent, third-party contractor has been engaged to collect onsite performance data, validate adherence to program guidelines, and identify potential process improvements. Planning estimates of impacts, life spans, and net-to-gross ratios are adjusted in accordance with the findings of the EM&V assessments.

Further information on cost-effectiveness screening practices for Tennessee is available in the Database of State Efficiency Screening Practices (DSESP), a resource of the National Efficiency Screening Project (NESP).

Last Reviewed: January 2020

Guidelines for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs List All

Requirements for State and Utility Support of Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

No specific required spending or savings requirements were identified.

Cost-Effectiveness Rules for Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs

According to the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the benefit-cost tests are required for overall portfolio and total program-level screening. The rules for benefit-cost tests are not specified. Some exceptions of flexibility exist in the application like low-income programs, pilots, and new technologies.

Coordination of Ratepayer-Funded Low-Income Programs with WAP Services

Level of coordination is unclear from publicly available data.

Last updated: July 2018

Self Direct and Opt-Out Programs List All

There are no self-direct or opt-out programs in Tennessee. 

Data AccessList All

Tennessee has no policy in place that requires utilities to release energy use data to customers or third parties. 

Last Updated: July 2018

Transportation
Score: 3.5 out of 10
Transportation Summary List All

The state has passed complete streets legislation and allows regional authorities to set up dedicated funding streams for mass transit.

Tailpipe Emission Standards List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Transportation System Efficiency List All

Transportation and Land Use Integration: Tennessee's Multimodal Access Grant provides supports the transportation needs of transit users, pedestrians, and bicyclists through infrastructure projects that address existing gaps along state routes and access at transit hubs

VMT Targets: No policy in place or proposed.

Complete Streets: In 2010, Tennessee adopted a bicycle and pedestrian policy that mandates transportation planning agencies and developers to integrate provisions for bicycles and pedestrians into the new construction and the reconstruction of roads and highways.

FAST Freight Plans and Goals: Tennessee has a state freight plan that identifies a multimodal freight network, but it does not include freight energy or greenhouse gas reduction goals.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Transit Funding List All

Tennessee Senate Bill 1471, passed in 2009, calls for the creation of a Regional Transportation Authority in major municipalities. It allows these authorities to set up dedicated funding streams for mass transit either by law or through voter referendum.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Incentives for High-Efficiency Vehicles List All

No policy in place or proposed.

Last Reviewed: July 2019

Equitable Access to TransportationList All
Tennessee does not have any state programs in place to incentivize the creation of low-income housing near transit facilities, but it does consider the proximity of transit facilities when distributing federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credits. Last Reviewed: July 2019
Appliance Standards
Score: 0 out of 3
Appliance Standards Summary List All

Tennessee has not set appliance standards beyond those required by the federal government.

Last Reviewed: June 2019