State and Local Policy Database

Albuquerque

City Scorecard Rank

52

Albuquerque, NM

23.00Scored out of 100Updated 8/2019
Local Government Score:
Score: 3 out of 9 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

We did not find information regarding a municipal climate mitigation or greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal.

Energy Reduction Goal

Albuquerque has a goal to reduce local governement energy use 58% by 2029 through lighting upgrades.

Renewable Energy Goal

Albuquerque has a goal to reach 100% renewable energy by 2022.

Last updated: March 2019

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

Albuquerque does not currently have a fuel efficiency requirement or procurement policy, but the City is planning to establish a Green Committee for fleet vehicle procurement. Albuquerque’s fleet is composed of 2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting 

Albuquerque has adopted the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City converted 20,966 streetlights to LED fixtures and is in the process of converting the remaining 1,860 streetlights.

Green Building Requirements

According to the USGBC Policy Library, a 2005 mayoral executive order requires new public buildings to be LEED certified Silver. A recently enacted City Council resolution may pass a city-wide upgrade of energy codes.

Last updated: March 2019

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

Albuquerque benchmarks 15% of municipal buildings. Through the use of Energy Manager, the City utilizes benchmarking data to determine EUI (energy use index) in evaluating potential energy conservation projects.

Public Workforce Commuting

Albuquerque does not have a city-wide flex schedule or telework policy.

Last updated: March 2019

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 0.5 out of 16 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of Albuquerque has not adopted a sustainability or climate action plan.

Last updated: June 2019

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The city does not have a climate mitigation or greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal.

Energy Reduction Goal

The city does not have a community-wide energy reduction goal.

Renewable Energy Goal

The city does not have a community-wide renewable energy goal.

Energy Data Reporting

The city does not report community-wide energy data.

Last updated: June 2019

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether permanent city staff have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting outreach for multiple clean energy initiatives to marginalized groups compared with outreach to other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: June 2019

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The city has not adopted a formal policy, rule, or agreement that supports the creation of clean distributed energy systems.

Last updated: June 2019

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The city has not adopted an urban heat island mitigation goal.

Section 4-3(B)(2) of the Integrated Development Ordinance allows cluster house zoning if the development preserves at least 30% of the project area’s space or 100% of the space achieved through lot reductions.

Last updated: June 2019

Buildings Policies
Score: 5 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

The City of Albuquerque enforces the state’s energy code for residential and commercial properties. The city offers upfront support on energy code compliance for building owners and/or developers. Albuquerque offers several incentives for both energy efficiency upgrades and solar energy installation. The city does not have a benchmarking and disclosure policy nor does it require building owners perform additional above-code energy-saving actions.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All

Overview

The State of New Mexico allows local jurisdictions to adopt energy codes more stringent than the state’s code. Albuquerque has not adopted a stretch code. New Mexico requires residential and commercial properties to comply with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). To learn more about the building energy code requirements for the State of New Mexico, please visit the State Policy Database.

 Commercial

Commercial properties must comply with the 2009 IECC. The code uses a commercial zEPI score of 69.5.

Residential

Residential properties must comply with the 2009 IECC. The code uses a residential zEPI score of 67.8.

Solar- and EV-ready

The city has not passed an ordinance mandating new construction be solar- and/or EV-ready.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Albuquerque has full time employees who are solely dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city uses site inspections as a means to verify energy code compliance. The city does offer upfront assistance for building owners and developers.

Last updated: March 2019

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial and multifamily

Albuquerque does not have a benchmarking, rating, and disclosure policy for commercial and/or multifamily properties.

Single-family     

The city has not adopted a single-family benchmarking and disclosure policy.

Last updated: March 2019

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable EnergyList All

The city offers three incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Through the Green Path Program, projects that exceed energy code minimum requirements receive expedited permit reviews and preliminary plan reviews at no costs.

Bernalillo County also offers commercial building owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Please note that each incentive/program is tallied based on the building types and energy resources eligible for award. For example, a PACE financing program that offers energy efficiency and renewable energy financing to both residential and commercial property owners is counted as four incentives.

Last updated: March 2019

Required Energy ActionsList All

Albuquerque has not adopted a policy requiring building owners to conduct any additional above-code energy-saving actions.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 6.5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of Albuquerque. The primary natural gas supplier for Albuquerque is New Mexico Gas, an IOU. The 2005 Efficient Use of Energy Act requires the electric IOUs and gas utilities to acquire cost-effective and achievable energy efficiency (EE) and load management resources available in their territories (NMSA 1978, §62-17-5(G)). Electric IOUs must spend 3% of customer bills, while the gas utilities shall not spend more than 3% of total annual revenues. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the New Mexico page of the State Database.

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority is the municipal utility that provides the City of Albuquerque with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2019

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2017, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported Public Service Company of New Mexico had 63,234 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 0.72% of its retail sales across the utility’s entire service jurisdiction, not only Albuquerque. In 2017, New Mexico Gas reported 1.15 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.35% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. These savings figures cover both Public Service Company and New Mexico Gas’s entire service jurisdiction, not just Albuquerque. PNM offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial customers. New Mexico Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residents and businesses.

While no formal partnership is in place, the City of Albuquerque is engaging on decoupling issues with PNM and other stakeholders to allow for greater incentives in moving toward energy efficiency. PNM, New Mexico Gas, and Water Authority all offer rebates on energy and water conservation measures implemented. The rebate program is available to everyone residential, commercial, government across their service areas. The City takes full advantage of these rebate opportunities and has received $500,000 in rebates for energy project implemented.

Last Updated: March 2019

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

The NM Energy Smart Home program combines funds from PNM, New Mexico Gas, WAP and LIHEAP. The program offers up to $5,500 in energy efficiency upgrades per home, including insulation, caulking, new windows, and or new heating systems. Community action agencies implement the program, using a combination of federal and utility dollars. PNM also offers a low-income Home Energy Checkup program. For income-qualified customers, the program fee is waived, and customers can also qualify for a new ENERGY STAR refrigerator as part of their full energy assessment, which includes direct install measures such as LED lighting, low-flow showerheads, power strips, and faucet aerators. In 2017, New Mexico Gas served 467 households and saved a total of 0.15 MMtherms of energy. Savings data was not available for PNM’s low-income programs.

Multifamily Programs

PNM’s Multifamily Energy Efficiency program is designed to meet the needs of the hard-to-reach multifamily customer segment through offering an attractive mix of low-cost direct install measures, such as lighting replacement, along with deeper savings measures such as upgrades to cooling equipment. In 2017, the program completed 65 projects comprising about 5,770 dwelling units (about which 54% were occupied by low-income tenants) and saved 4,059 MWh of energy.

New Mexico Gas offers a Multi-Family Program that provides incentives to multifamily property owners to increase their energy efficiency of their properties, offering a mix of measures such as insulation, windows, furnaces and boilers, efficient water fixtures, weatherization, water heaters, smart thermostats, and other gas-saving measures. ICAST (International Center for Appropriate and Sustainable Technology), a nonprofit, managers and implements the multifamily program for New Mexico Gas. In 2017, the NM Gas Multifamily program served 2,113 units and saved 0.15 MMtherms.

Last Updated: March 2019

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Neither PNM nor New Mexico Gas provides building managers with automated benchmarking data through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for multitenant commercial or multifamily buildings. The City of Albuquerque advocates for better access to utility data for ratepayers by being involved in utility rate cases in the best interest of the City’s residents.

Last Updated: March 2019

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2017, PNM did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

The city of Albuquerque supports legislation and regulatory efforts to allow for more renewable energy in the state, such as community solar and renewable portfolio standard legislation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority (Water Authority) provides water and wastewater service to the residents of the City of Albuquerque. In 2016, the Water Authority adopted a 100-year water management plan, Water 2120, that includes 12 policies that address water management and resources; Policies E and K include sub-policies that address energy efficiency, green stormwater, and water savings. The Water Authority understands that green energy and efficient energy programs translate into water conservation In line with the policies and goals of Water 2120, the Water Authority has a program to increase energy and water efficiency at multi-family buildings in the City. To meet the energy efficiency goals, the Water Authority Conservation team has an agreement with the electrical utility, PNM, to promote efficient energy use at these buildings through education and infrastructure.

In 2018, the Water Authority adopted an updated Water Conservation Plan which sets a new usage goal of 110 gallons per capita per day (GPCD) by 2037. Currently, the water usage is 128 GPCD which translates into a reduction of approximately 1 gallon per person per day in order to meet the conservation usage goal.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

The Water Authority is in the process of developing its Environmental Plan, which includes sub-policies to incorporate energy efficient practices into the long-term plan for the Water Authority. Additionally, the Decade Plan for the Water Authority identifies projects that will increase energy efficiency and alternative energy sources.

Methane capture at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) supplies power to the WWTP and periodically is able to meet the energy demand of the WWTP with methane capture alone. The Water Authority has identified improvements to the digesters and treatment system to continue to increase efficiency and maximize energy generated through biogas/methane capture. Additionally, the Water Authority recently completed a study to look at feasibility and possible benefits of incorporating Fats, Oils, and Grease (FOG) collected commercially to increase biogas energy generation while simultaneously addressing an ongoing operation and maintenance issue of FOG in the wastewater.

Last Updated: March 2019

Transportation
Score: 8 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

The Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) created a Project Prioritization Process (PPP) that has the objective of improving air quality by prioritizing projects that result in reduced VMT and reduced emissions. The PPP is updated every five years in conjunction with the Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP). Mid-Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MRMPO) oversees the development of the Metropolitan Transportation Plan, or MTP, which is the long-range transportation plan for the Albuquerque Metropolitan Planning Area (AMPA) (PDF). The current plan is the Futures 2040 MTP. The MTP is updated every five years. MRMPO is now beginning work on the update to the MTP. The update will be called the Connections 2040 MTP.

VMT/GHG Target and Stringency

The City of Albuquerque does not yet have a codified VMT reduction target.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

Although it does not have a specific goal, the City does track vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) per capita in the Albuquerque Metropolitan Planning Area (AMPA). VMT reached a peak of 24.19 in 2004, dropped to a low of 21.64 in 2012, and increased to 23.80 in 2016.

Last Updated: March 2019

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

The Integrated Development Ordinance (IDO), Albuquerque’s zoning code, does not require transit-oriented development, compact or mixed land use development, street connectivity, or form-based zoning. However: there are three zone modifiers – UC, PT, and MS – respectively Urban Center, Premium Transit, and Main Street – that act as overlays to increase building heights, lessen setbacks, increase density, lower parking requirements, and so on. These overlays have the effect of encouraging TOD or other more compact, mixed use forms.

Residential Parking Policies

The IDO reduced parking minimums for most uses citywide compared to the previous zoning code. It also instituted marking maximums for certain uses (large offices and retail) in key Center and Corridor areas. It also carries forward regulations from the old zoning system that eliminate parking minimums in certain neighborhoods in and near downtown, as well as for many uses in pre-1965 buildings. See Table 5-5-1 and Subsection 5-5(B)(2)(a) of the IDO.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

The IDO offers an additional story (12 feet of building height) for development in mixed-use zones on pedestrian-oriented corridors and within 330 feet of Premium transit stops as a bonus to encourage compact, mixed-use development. The IDO offers 1-2 stories (depending on zone) for development that incorporates a parking structure (as an incentive for an alternative to large sea of parking). The IDO reduced parking requirements for most uses. The City also has a height bonus in one area (Nob Hill) to allow for 12 additional feet of building height for developments with ground floor commercial space in order to encourage mixed-use development. There is also a provision for Major and Premium Transit Corridors west of the river that in mixed-use zone districts, there have to be commercial uses along at least 50% of the façade of the building if the development includes townhouses or multi-family development. The IDO allows most development to be approved administratively by staff in an expedited process compared to the previous approvals required by Sector Plans in over half the City.

The ABC Comp Plan encourages mixed-use development in Areas of Change and most Centers and Corridors, which can be used to support zone changes to mixed-use zone districts in these areas. Areas of Change and Centers and Corridors are the areas in the city that have been identified as the most appropriate for more dense, intense development and more multimodal transportation options to support that development.

Last Updated: March 2019

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

The City has a transit mode share goal of an aggregate of 20% of trips to be taken on priority corridors by transit by 2040.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Transit Mode share in the region changed slightly, from 1.36% in 2012 to 1.28% in 2014. On Albuquerque’s primary transit corridor, Central Ave., transit mode share increased from 12.8% in 2012 to 12.9% in 2014. In downtown Albuquerque, transit mode share exceeds 30%.

Complete Streets

Albuquerque adopted its complete streets policy in 2015 through Ordinance O-14-27. The adoption of the policy includes requirements to improve roadways to better facilitate bicycle traffic and freight mobility.

Car Sharing

The City does not currently have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles. However, there is a proposal to add a provision to the IDO that would give a parking credit for dedicated off-street carshare spaces (proposal that 1 carshare space would count for 4 required parking spaces, which is consistent with a similar credit for carpool spaces).

Bike Sharing

Currently, the City has one bikeshare provider, Pace, which is publicly funded through the Mid-region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MRMPO) using federal grant funding. Because the program is publicly funded, there is no charge for the permits for station in the public right-of-way or on public property. The Pace system is a hybrid docked/dockless system, which encourages use of bikeshare because users are not required to locate a docking station when they use a bike. In partnership with the Mid-Region Council of Governments (MRCOG), 50 PACE bike share stations are located in the City, with a total of 250 bicycles, which are docked.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The ABQ Ride and RMRTD transit systems that serve Albuquerque have received $25,344,917 in average annual funding from 2013-2017. This funding level is $28 per resident in the service territory of the agency, putting it in the fourth highest category ($20-49) available in the City Scorecard.

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Albuquerque’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 5, putting it in the fourth highest category (5-6.99) available in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Albuquerque has partnered with Nissan one a program that provides a $3,000 Nissan LEAF discount to PNM customers and ABQ residents running through 2018.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no rebate programs from the City, but the IDO (Subsection 5-5(C)(5)(d)) provides a parking credit for parking spaces equipped for EV charging – every EV charging space counts for 2 required parking spaces.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 20 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Albuquerque has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.). However, future goals are to install EV Charging infrastructure at existing renewable energy sites like community centers to incentivize the use EVs.

Last Updated: March 2019

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Albuquerque does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place, nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2019

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Albuquerque’s Integrated Development Ordinance (IDO) includes a Workforce Housing Bonus, which allows for an extra story of building height for developments that include Workforce Housing (“Rental or for-sale housing that is affordable to an individual whose annual household income does not exceed 80% of the area median income (AMI) and whose monthly housing payment does not 30% of the imputed income limit applicable to such unit or 35% under special conditions to be defined in the Workforce Housing Plan. The AMI is published annually by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.”).

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City offers indigent bus passes to low-income passengers; a one-day pass is $1.00 (50% discount) and a one-month pass is $10.00 (66.6% discount). The City also offers free bus passes to youth during the summer months. ABQ Ride provides discounted public transit rates for indigent populations, as well as TMA/TANF recipients and Medicare cardholders. The local bikeshare system, Pace, does not currently have incentives for low-income residents, but is working to develop incentives, as well as programs for users who are unbanked and/or do not have smartphone capabilities. The area served by PACE Bike Share Stations has a higher percentage of low-income households (49.7%), when compared to the region (36.8%).

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

According to CNT very few households have access to high-quality transit in Albuquerque. Nevertheless, the city has built out rapid ride transit service, which provides significant benefit to low-income households located near the corridor.

Last Updated: April 2019