State and Local Policy Database


City Scorecard Rank


Albuquerque, NM

30.50Scored out of 100Updated 10/2020
Local Government Score:
Score: 6 out of 10 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Mayor Tim Keller signed a pledge joining the Climate Mayors and pledging to meet the Paris Climate Agreement Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goals. According to the U.S. reduction targets contained in the Agreement, the City has committed to reduce its emissions 26-28 percent from 2005 levels by 2025. 

ACEEE was unable to project if the city will achieve its near-term GHG emissions reduction goal for municipal operations because insufficient GHG emissions data were available for our analysis.

Energy Reduction Goal

Albuquerque has a goal to reduce local government energy use 65% below a 2007 baseline by 2025.

Renewable Energy Goal

Albuquerque has a goal to reach 65% renewable energy for municipal operations by 2021 and 100% by 2030.

Last updated: September 2020

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

Albuquerque's Fleet Vehicle Acquisition Policy and Procedures requires that vehicles purchased must be fuel-efficient with the lowest emissions within the vehicle class/type and alternative fuel vehicle or hybrid when available and cost effective. Mayor Keller has also signed and enacted Executive Instruction 34, which mandates that the City commit to developing and implementing a plan to optimize the fuel mix of the fleet of City vehicles by purchasing and, when appropriate, replacing existing traditional vehicles with electric, alternative fuel, and hybrid vehicles, taking into consideration the intended uses of such vehicles and potential for carbon, ozone, and air pollutant reduction. Albuquerque’s fleet is composed of 2.13% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting 

Albuquerque had adopted the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The city converted 100% of city-owned streetlights to LED in December 2018. 

Onsite renewable systems

Albuquerque has installed a total of 38 solar sites with 7MW capacity on city facilities. 

Inclusive procurement

We could not verify if the city has inclusive procurement and contracting processes

Last updated: July 2020

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking

Albuquerque benchmarks all municipal buildings using Energy Manager, Portfolio Manager, and GRITS for project analysis. 

Comprehensive Retrofit Strategy

Through the use of Energy Manager, Portfolio Manager, and GRITS, the city identifies facilities eligible for energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits as directed by Albuquerque Ordinance 2-12-1. The ordinance mandates set aside funds from capital improvement to fund capital improvements and retrofits that result in energy conservation. Between 2009 and 2017, the city completed 115 energy conservation retrofit projects resulting in over $45 million and 220,178,020 kWh in savings. 

Public Workforce Commuting

Albuquerque does not have a city-wide flex schedule or telework policy.

Last updated: July 2020

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 2 out of 15 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of Albuquerque has not adopted a sustainability or climate action plan.

Last updated: March 2020

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The city does not have a community-wide climate mitigation or greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal.

Energy Reduction Goal

The city does not have a community-wide energy reduction goal.

Renewable Energy Goal

The city does not have a community-wide renewable energy goal.

Energy Data Reporting

The city does not report community-wide energy data.

Last updated: March 2020

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether relevant decision-makers have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting engagement for multiple clean energy initiatives with marginalized groups compared to engagement with other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: March 2020

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The city has not adopted a formal policy, rule, or agreement that supports the creation of clean distributed energy systems.

Last updated: March 2020

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

UHI Mitigation Goal

We could not verify if the city has adopted a quantifiable urban heat island mitigation goal.

UHI Policies and Programs

Section 4-3(B)(2) of the Integrated Development Ordinance allows cluster house zoning if the development preserves at least 30% of the project area’s space or 100% of the space achieved through lot reductions.

Last updated: March 2020

Buildings Policies
Score: 4 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

The City of Albuquerque enforces the state’s energy code for residential and commercial properties. The city offers upfront support on energy code compliance for building owners and/or developers. Albuquerque offers several incentives for both energy efficiency upgrades and solar energy installation. The city does not have a benchmarking and disclosure policy nor does it require building owners perform additional above-code energy-saving actions.

Last updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All


The State of New Mexico allows local jurisdictions to adopt energy codes more stringent than the state’s code. Albuquerque has not adopted a stretch code. New Mexico requires residential and commercial properties to comply with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). To learn more about the building energy code requirements for the State of New Mexico, please visit the State Policy Database.


Commercial properties must comply with the 2009 IECC. The code uses a commercial zEPI score of 69.5.


Residential properties must comply with the 2009 IECC. The code uses a residential zEPI score of 67.8.

Solar- and EV-ready

The city has not passed an ordinance mandating new construction be solar- and/or EV-ready.

Last updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Albuquerque has full time employees who are solely dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city uses site inspections as a means to verify energy code compliance. The city does not offer free upfront support to developers and building owners

Last updated: September 2020

Policies Targeting Existing BuildingsList All


Through the Green Path Program, projects that exceed energy code minimum requirements receive expedited permit reviews and preliminary plan reviews at no costs.

Bernalillo County also offers commercial building owners access to property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for energy efficiency and solar energy projects.

Voluntary programs

Albuquerque runs the Mayor's Energy Challenge, a voluntary program that seeks to recruit 40 commercial participants to commit to an energy savings goal of 20% within 5 years. The majority of participants will be small business in underserved communities. 

Last updated: September 2020

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: September 2020

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 8.5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of Albuquerque. The primary natural gas supplier for Albuquerque is New Mexico Gas, an IOU. The 2005 Efficient Use of Energy Act requires the electric IOUs and gas utilities to acquire cost-effective and achievable energy efficiency (EE) and load management resources available in their territories (NMSA 1978, §62-17-5(G)). Electric IOUs must spend 3% of customer bills, while the gas utilities shall not spend more than 3% of total annual revenues. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the New Mexico page of the State Database.

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority is the municipal utility that provides the City of Albuquerque with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2020

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2018, Public Service Company of New Mexico reported 60,222 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 0.68% of its retail sales across the utility’s entire service jurisdiction, not only Albuquerque. In 2018, PNM spent $23,562,000 on energy efficiency programs, which represents 2.48% of its retail revenue.

In 2018, New Mexico Gas reported 1.46 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.38% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. In 2018, New Mexico Gas spent $6,078,039 on energy efficiency, which equates to $12.45 per residential customer. These savings figures cover both Public Service Company and New Mexico Gas’s entire service jurisdiction, not just Albuquerque.

PNM offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial customers. New Mexico Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residents and businesses.

While no formal partnership is in place, the City of Albuquerque does work with PNM on the Solar Direct project and will engage on the development of EV charging rates, allowing for greater incentives in moving toward energy efficiency. The city and utility were also part of a taskforce to enact more efficient building codes. PNM, New Mexico Gas, and Water Authority all offer rebates on energy and water conservation measures implemented. The rebate program is available to everyone residential, commercial, government across their service areas. The City takes full advantage of these rebate opportunities and has received $500,000 in rebates for energy project implemented.

Last Updated: March 2020

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

The NM Energy Smart Home program combines funds from PNM, New Mexico Gas, WAP and LIHEAP. The program offers up to $5,500 in energy efficiency upgrades per home, including insulation, caulking, new windows, and or new heating systems. Community action agencies implement the program, using a combination of federal and utility dollars. PNM also offers a low-income Home Energy Checkup program. For income-qualified customers, the program fee is waived, and customers can also qualify for a new ENERGY STAR refrigerator as part of their full energy assessment, which includes direct install measures such as LED lighting, low-flow showerheads, power strips, and faucet aerators. PNM works with the New Mexico Mortgage Finance Authority to leverage government dollars along with our funding to reach low income participants.

In 2018, according to PNM, it achieved 4,375 MWh in energy savings and spent $1,723,751 on its low-income programs.  In 2018, New Mexico Gas saved a total of 0.28 MMtherms of energy, while spending $1,650,000 and serving 1,660 customers. Customers served data was not available for PNM.

Multifamily Programs

PNM’s Multifamily Energy Efficiency program is designed to meet the needs of the hard-to-reach multifamily customer segment through offering an attractive mix of low-cost direct install measures, such as lighting replacement, along with deeper savings measures such as upgrades to cooling equipment.

 In 2018, PNM’s multifamily program saved 2,442 MWh while spending $937,563. It completed 35 projects comprising about 5,975 dwelling units.

New Mexico Gas offers a Multi-Family Program that provides incentives to multifamily property owners to increase their energy efficiency of their properties, offering a mix of measures such as insulation, windows, furnaces and boilers, efficient water fixtures, weatherization, water heaters, smart thermostats, and other gas-saving measures. ICAST (International Center for Appropriate and Sustainable Technology), a nonprofit, managers and implements the multifamily program for New Mexico Gas.

In 2018, the New Mexico Gas’s Multifamily program saved 0.27 MMtherms, while spending $986,824 and served 1,181units.

Last Updated: March 2020

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Neither PNM nor New Mexico Gas provide building managers with automated benchmarking data through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for multitenant commercial or multifamily buildings. The City of Albuquerque advocates for better access to utility data for ratepayers by being involved in utility rate cases in the best interest of the City’s residents.

Last Updated: March 2020

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2018, PNM did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

The city of Albuquerque supports legislation and regulatory efforts to allow for more renewable energy in the state, such as community solar and renewable portfolio standard legislation. The City has participated in the New Mexico Public Regulatory Commission hearings on the Solar Direct program. The Solar Direct program was initiated by requests from Mayor Tim Keller for PNM to provide more large-scale opportunities for the City to rely on renewable energy. Under the direction of Mayor Keller, the City worked with PNM over several months to develop a scope and contract for purchasing 25 MW from the Solar Direct voluntary solar program.  Mayor Keller has since announced and championed the City's role as a major customer (50% of the total project output of 50 MW) of the program.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority (Water Authority) provides water and wastewater service to the residents of the City of Albuquerque. In 2016, the Water Authority adopted a 100-year water management plan, Water 2120, that includes 12 policies that address water management and resources; Policies E and K include sub-policies that address energy efficiency, green stormwater, and water savings. The Water Authority understands that green energy and efficient energy programs translate into water conservation. In line with the policies and goals of Water 2120, the Water Authority has a program to increase energy and water efficiency at multi-family buildings in the city. To meet the energy efficiency goals, the Water Authority Conservation team has an agreement with the electrical utility, PNM, to promote efficient energy use at these buildings through education and infrastructure.

In 2018, the Water Authority adopted an updated Water Conservation Plan which sets a new usage goal of 110 gallons per capita per day (GPCD) by 2037. Currently, the water usage is 121 GPCD.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

The Water Authority is in the process of developing its Environmental Plan, which includes sub-policies to incorporate energy efficient practices into the long-term plan for the Water Authority. Additionally, the Decade Plan for the Water Authority identifies projects that will increase energy efficiency and alternative energy sources.

Methane capture at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) supplies power to the WWTP and periodically is able to meet the energy demand of the WWTP with methane capture alone. The Water Authority has identified improvements to the digesters and treatment system to continue to increase efficiency and maximize energy generated through biogas/methane capture. Additionally, the Water Authority recently completed a study to look at feasibility and possible benefits of incorporating Fats, Oils, and Grease (FOG) collected commercially to increase biogas energy generation while simultaneously addressing an ongoing operation and maintenance issue of FOG in the wastewater.

Last Updated: March 2020

Score: 10 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

The Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) created a Project Prioritization Process (PPP) that has the objective of improving air quality by prioritizing projects that result in reduced VMT and reduced emissions. The PPP is updated every five years in conjunction with the Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP). Mid-Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MRMPO) oversees the development of the Metropolitan Transportation Plan, or MTP, which is the long-range transportation plan for the Albuquerque Metropolitan Planning Area (AMPA) (PDF). The current plan is the Futures 2040 MTP. The MTP is updated every five years. MRMPO is now beginning work on the update to the MTP. The update will be called the Connections 2040 MTP.

VMT/GHG Target and Stringency

The City of Albuquerque does not yet have a codified VMT reduction target.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

Although it does not have a specific goal, the City does track vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) per capita in the Albuquerque Metropolitan Planning Area (AMPA). VMT reached a peak of 24.19 in 2004, dropped to a low of 21.64 in 2012, and increased to 23.80 in 2016.

Last Updated: March 2020

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

The Integrated Development Ordinance (IDO), Albuquerque’s zoning code, does not require transit-oriented development, compact or mixed land use development, street connectivity, or form-based zoning. However: there are three zone modifiers – UC, PT, and MS – respectively Urban Center, Premium Transit, and Main Street – that act as overlays to increase building heights, lessen setbacks, increase density, lower parking requirements, and so on. These overlays have the effect of encouraging TOD or other more compact, mixed use forms.

Residential Parking Policies

The IDO reduced parking minimums for most uses citywide compared to the previous zoning code. It also instituted marking maximums for certain uses (large offices and retail) in key Center and Corridor areas. It also carries forward regulations from the old zoning system that eliminate parking minimums in certain neighborhoods in and near downtown, as well as for many uses in pre-1965 buildings. See Table 5-5-1 and Subsection 5-5(B)(2)(a) of the IDO.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

The IDO offers an additional story (12 feet of building height) for development in mixed-use zones on pedestrian-oriented corridors and within 330 feet of Premium transit stops as a bonus to encourage compact, mixed-use development. The IDO offers 1-2 stories (depending on zone) for development that incorporates a parking structure (as an incentive for an alternative to large sea of parking). The IDO reduced parking requirements for most uses. The City also has a height bonus in one area (Nob Hill) to allow for 12 additional feet of building height for developments with ground floor commercial space in order to encourage mixed-use development. There is also a provision for Major and Premium Transit Corridors west of the river that in mixed-use zone districts, there have to be commercial uses along at least 50% of the façade of the building if the development includes townhouses or multi-family development. The IDO allows most development to be approved administratively by staff in an expedited process compared to the previous approvals required by Sector Plans in over half the City.

The ABC Comp Plan encourages mixed-use development in Areas of Change and most Centers and Corridors, which can be used to support zone changes to mixed-use zone districts in these areas. Areas of Change and Centers and Corridors are the areas in the city that have been identified as the most appropriate for more dense, intense development and more multimodal transportation options to support that development.

Last Updated: March 2020

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

The City has a transit mode share goal of an aggregate of 20% of trips to be taken on priority corridors by transit by 2040.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Transit Mode share in the region changed slightly, from 1.36% in 2012 to 1.28% in 2014. On Albuquerque’s primary transit corridor, Central Ave., transit mode share increased from 12.8% in 2012 to 12.9% in 2014. In downtown Albuquerque, transit mode share exceeds 30%.

Complete Streets

Albuquerque adopted its complete streets policy in 2015 through Ordinance O-14-27. The adoption of the policy includes requirements to improve roadways to better facilitate bicycle traffic and freight mobility.

Car Sharing

The City does not currently have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles. However, there is a proposal to add a provision to the IDO that would give a parking credit for dedicated off-street carshare spaces (proposal that 1 carshare space would count for 4 required parking spaces, which is consistent with a similar credit for carpool spaces).

Bike Sharing

Currently, the City has one bikeshare provider, Pace, which is publicly funded through the Mid-region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MRMPO) using federal grant funding. Because the program is publicly funded, there is no charge for the permits for station in the public right-of-way or on public property. The Pace system is a hybrid docked/dockless system, which encourages use of bikeshare because users are not required to locate a docking station when they use a bike. In partnership with the Mid-Region Council of Governments (MRCOG), 50 PACE bike share stations are located in the City, with a total of 250 bicycles, which are docked.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The City of Albuquerque's Transit Department and the Rio Metro Regional transit District that serves Albuquerque have received $69,160,515 in average annual funding between 2014 and 2018. This equates to roughly $75.51 per capita within the MSA, earning it .5 points in the City Scorecard.

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Albuquerque’s Transit Connectivity Index value of 4.9 does not qualify for points in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Albuquerque has partnered with Nissan one a program that provides a $3,000 Nissan LEAF discount to PNM customers and ABQ residents running through 2018.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no rebate programs from the City, but the IDO (Subsection 5-5(C)(5)(d)) provides a parking credit for parking spaces equipped for EV charging – every EV charging space counts for 2 required parking spaces.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 25 charging stations available for public use. 

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Albuquerque has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.). However, future goals are to install EV Charging infrastructure at existing renewable energy sites like community centers to incentivize the use EVs.

Last Updated: March 2020

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Albuquerque does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place, nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2020

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Albuquerque’s Integrated Development Ordinance (IDO) includes a Workforce Housing Bonus, which allows for an extra story of building height for developments that include Workforce Housing (“Rental or for-sale housing that is affordable to an individual whose annual household income does not exceed 80% of the area median income (AMI) and whose monthly housing payment does not 30% of the imputed income limit applicable to such unit or 35% under special conditions to be defined in the Workforce Housing Plan. The AMI is published annually by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.”).

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

The City offers indigent bus passes to low-income passengers; a one-day pass is $1.00 (50% discount) and a one-month pass is $10.00 (66.6% discount). The City also offers free bus passes to youth during the summer months. ABQ Ride provides discounted public transit rates for indigent populations, as well as TMA/TANF recipients and Medicare cardholders. The local bikeshare system, Pace, does not currently have incentives for low-income residents, but is working to develop incentives, as well as programs for users who are unbanked and/or do not have smartphone capabilities. The area served by PACE Bike Share Stations has a higher percentage of low-income households (49.7%), when compared to the region (36.8%).

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

According to CNT very few households have access to high-quality transit in Albuquerque. Nevertheless, the city has built out rapid ride transit service, which provides significant benefit to low-income households located near the corridor.

Last Updated: March 2020