State and Local Policy Database

Mode Shift

To improve overall efficiency of a transportation system, policies may be implemented that discourage frequent driving and encourage a switch from driving to other modes of transportation. Energy-efficient transportation is inherently tied to the integration of transportation and land use policies, and an approach to planning that successfully addresses land use and transportation considerations simultaneously is critical to overall reduction in vehicle miles traveled. This can be achieved through the use of transportation demand management programs, vehicle sharing efforts, and, more holistically, by ensuring that land use and transportation planning are properly integrated.

This sub-category includes information on four topics: Integration of transportation and land use planning through the formal adoption of a vehicle miles travelled reduction target, modal share target or other similar goal, and an implementation plan to achieve the target; Car sharing programs serving the community (operational or under-development); Bicycle sharing programs serving the community (operational or under-development); Transportation demand management programs serving the community and the role of the local government in their implementation or promotion.

Mode Shift Targets

The City has a transit mode share goal of an aggregate of 20% of trips to be taken on priority corridors by transit by 2040.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Transit Mode share in the region changed slightly, from 1.36% in 2012 to 1.28% in 2014. On Albuquerque’s primary transit corridor, Central Ave., transit mode share increased from 12.8% in 2012 to 12.9% in 2014. In downtown Albuquerque, transit mode share exceeds 30%.

Complete Streets

Albuquerque adopted its complete streets policy in 2015 through Ordinance O-14-27. The adoption of the policy includes requirements to improve roadways to better facilitate bicycle traffic and freight mobility.

Car Sharing

The City does not currently have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles. However, there is a proposal to add a provision to the IDO that would give a parking credit for dedicated off-street carshare spaces (proposal that 1 carshare space would count for 4 required parking spaces, which is consistent with a similar credit for carpool spaces).

Bike Sharing

Currently, the City has one bikeshare provider, Pace, which is publicly funded through the Mid-region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MRMPO) using federal grant funding. Because the program is publicly funded, there is no charge for the permits for station in the public right-of-way or on public property. The Pace system is a hybrid docked/dockless system, which encourages use of bikeshare because users are not required to locate a docking station when they use a bike. In partnership with the Mid-Region Council of Governments (MRCOG), 50 PACE bike share stations are located in the City, with a total of 250 bicycles, which are docked.

Last Updated: May 2019

Modal Share Targets

Arlington's Master Transportation Plan incorporates bycicle and pedestrian modal shift targets. 

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Arlington, zipcar, Car2go, and Hertz OnDemand. The city is served by a bikesharing program, capital bikeshare, with 300 operable stations in the Washington-Arlington Area.

Complete Streets

Alrington County has a Complete Street Policy in place, however their National Complete Streets Coalition score is unknown. 

Last updated: May 2017

Mode Shift Targets

Atlanta's transportation plan has a target of increase bike/walk/transit from 17% share in 2018 to 35% by 2035.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Atlanta either did not provide or is not making progress toward its mode shift targets.

Complete Streets

Atlanta has adopted a complete streets policy but has not received an NCSC score.

Car Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Atlanta, zipcar and Enterprise CarShare. At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Relay Bike Share is the City of Atlanta’s bike share operator. With 500 “smart bikes” and over 70 stations across the city, Relay seeks to be a healthy and enjoyable transportation solution.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

At this time, the City of Aurora does not have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

We could not determine if the City is served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, Austin has set goal to reduce drive alone trips by 10% and increase commuter bicycle mode to 15% by the year 2020.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if Austin is currently on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

Austin adopted its complete streets policy in 2002, through Resolution No. 020418-40. The adoption of the policy requires the inclusion of pedestrian and bike lanes during construction and reconstruction of city streets, if they add less than 20% more paved surface area.

Car Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Austin, Car2go, and zipcar. The City of Austin has partnered with both to provide convenient, on street parking for customers. Both Car2Go and Zipcar have designated spaces in Downtown Austin (marked by posted signs). Additionally, Car2Go vehicles may park at City of Austin metered spaces for free. Car share vehicles are still subject to most posted signs and are not allowed to park in no-parking zones, fire zones, commercial zones, and other similar areas.

Bike Sharing

The city is served by a bike sharing program, Austin B-cycle, with over 70 operable stations.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

At this time, the City of Bakersfield does not have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

We could not determine if the City is served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Baltimore adopted its complete streets policy in 2010, Council Bill 09-0433. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all new road construction projects.

Car Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Baltimore, zipcar. The City has had dedicated on-street and City-owned off-street parking spaces for carsharing since 2010. It allows up to 250 such parking spaces to be available for that use. Currently 57 spaces are dedicated to on-street and 2 spaces for off-street carsharing. There is a Request for Qualifications and Interest (RFQI) being solicited by the City presently. It is intended that more than one carsharing service will be available as a result of this RFQI. Only one carsharing serve is available on-street and in City-owned facilities today.

Bike Sharing

Bikeshare shut down in 2017, and the City launched dockless bike and scooter programs. Lime and Bird are the scooter vendors, and Lime is the bike vendor. Each company is allowed 1,000 vehicles of each type: scooters, bikes, and e-bikes. Following the shutdown of its Bike Share, the City plans on creating designated dockless spots on the sidewalk.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Birmingham adopted its complete streets policy in 2011 through Resolution 2011. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all new neighborhoods.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Zyp BikeShare is a network of 40 stations and hundreds of bikes deployed in Birmingham in October 2015. Residents and visitors can access the system 24-hours a day, 365 days a year. The city has 189.83 bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Go Boston 2030, Boston’s long-term transportation plan, set aspirational mode shift targets:

  • Increase public transit by a third from 34%
  • Increase walking by almost a half from 14%
  • Increase biking fourfold from 2%
  • Decrease carpooling marginally from 6%
  • Decrease drive alone by half from 39%
  • Increase work from home slightly from 5%

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

According to the 2017 1-yr American Community Survey, drive alone travel has decreased by 1.2%, carpool has increased by 0.4%, and public transportation has increased by 1.1%.

Complete Streets

Boston adopted its Complete Streets Guidelines in 2009. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Boston, Enterprise Carshare, and zipcar. DriveBoston is the City’s program to provide parking spaces in municipal lots and on City streets for carshare vehicles. In the pilot phase of the program, 80 spaces have been be distributed throughout the City. The pilot phase began in the fall of 2015 for a period of 18 months. During this phase, there were 49 spaces in municipal lots and 31 spaces reserved curbside. During the 18-month initial pilot phase more than 1 million miles were traveled by DriveBoston vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Bluebikes (formerly Hubway) has approximately 1,800 bikes in service with over 200 stations throughout Boston and 3 neighboring municipalities.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Boulder’s Transportation Master Plan has the codified goal of holding the VMT steady at 1994 levels. Boulder is on track through various programs to achieve this goal.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Boulder, eGO carshare. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Boulder B-cycle.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Boulder offers The Eco Pass, a discounted annual bus pass purchased by employers and universities for all full-time employees and students, with an option to include part-time employees. GO Boulder’s Transportation Demand Management (TDM) program offers customized Commute Trip Reduction programs for any Boulder business seeking to reduce vehicle trips by their employees. Way to GO is a regional ridematching program that helps employers, employees, residents, and parents form carpools, vanpools, and school pools

Last Updated: October 2015

Mode Shift Targets

The City aims to shift 10,000 vehicle miles of work-related travel per year from roadway to train and shift 1,888,000 vehicle miles of work-related travel per year from roadway to bus. Additionally, the City wants to shift in-city work trips from automobile travel to walk or bike trips under one mile.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if the City is on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is not yet served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The Bicycle Facilities Master Plan sets the following mode share goal for cyclists:

  • 2017 – 3.2%
  • 2021 – 6%
  • 2025 – 10%

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The City is currently not on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

Buffalo adopted its complete streets policy in 2008. This policy requires pedestrian and bicycle facilities to be included in all new street construction, reconstruction, maintenance, public works, and park projects.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Buffalo is served by Reddy Bikeshare, a partnership between Independent Health and Shared Mobility, Inc., to increase use of alternative modes of transportation and recreation opportunities to promote healthy living and community well-being. The network provides about 200 bicycles for use seasonally throughout Buffalo, available from approximately April to November. The program functions through about 4 dozen docking stations with 2-15 racks per station.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Burlington has the goal to reduce community-wide VMT by 10% per capita by 2025 as part of its' Climate Action Plan. This goal is codified in city law, but implementation has not yet begun.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Burlington, Carshare Vermont. The city is served by a bikesharing program, UVM bikeshare.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, the Burlington Sustainability Action Team developed a commute reduction program that hopes to include incentives for staff to use alternative modes of transportation, car and ride sharing programs, as well as flexible work schedules. The team has begun discussion with Campus Area Transportation Management Agency and CarShare VT to find ways to partner in this effort. The Way to Go! Commuter Challenge encourages Vermonters to try smarter ways to travel in their commutes, like carpooling, biking, and public transportation.

Last updated: October 2015

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Carrboro has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Carrboro is evaluating the possibility of a car sharing program for the town.  A bike sharing service is not available to the citizens of Carrboro.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Carrboro has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: April 2014

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Charlotte has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Charlotte is served by a bike sharing program, Charlotte B-cycle. Charlotte has established a minimum fleet size of 200 dockless bikes and maximum fleet size of 500 dockless bikes per company.​

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Charlottesville has not yet identified a specific VMT or mode share target, but work is being done on a variety of front to reduce VMTs including through improvements in pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, public bicycle education classes (for riding around town), and efforts to increase transit ridership. The Transportation Chapter of the city’s Comprehensive Plan 2013 details these actions.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is one car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Charlottesville, zipcar. In 2015, Charlottesville adopted a Bicycle Pedestrian plan update which sets in place goals to establish and achieve mode targets. 

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Working with other organizations, Charlottesville supports Rideshare options in the community. Also, the municipal government offers telecommuting and flexible work schedules to employees with department discretion and also provides free public transit access to employees.

Last updated: October 2015

Mode Shift Targets

Chicago has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation. However, Chicago's Sustainable Chicago 2015 Action Agenda includes a variety of approaches to reduce VMT with the city. These include making Chicago the most bike and pedestrian friendly city in the country by adding up to 100 miles of new bicycle lanes, introducing bicycle sharing, and developing a pedestrian master plan.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Chicago adopted its complete streets policy in 2006, Safe Streets for Chicago. The adoption of the policy encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects, ensuring safety for all in the public right-of-way.

Car Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Chicago, zipcar and Enterprise Carshare. Additionally, the city operates an internal car share program for city employees that utilize city-owned vehicles for work related transportation. The City does not yet have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city is served by a bike sharing program, Divvy, with 500 operable stations and 5,800 bikes. The City also just completed a dockless bike share pilot in summer 2018 and is looking to incorporate dockless bikes into the Divvy system as it expands to reach citywide operation by the end of 2020. The City has a variety of opportunities that are supportive of bikeshare. The City’s Sustainable Development Policy includes purchase of a Divvy station as one option for obtaining credit for any project that includes City dollars, a zoning change, or other special approvals. Additionally, the City promotes bikeshare around TOD projects through multiple sections of the city code.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Chula Vista has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

The City does not yet have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Dockless bikes and scooters are present in the City, but the program has not officially kicked off. It is expected to officially kick off in early 2019.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Cincinnati has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

ZipCar is currently available to the residents and visitors of Cincinnati. Cincinnati has 12 Zip cars operating within the City, some of which have dedicated on-street parking.

Bike Sharing

Cincinnati implemented Red Bike in 2014 and currently has 442 bikes and 57 locations.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Cleveland has set a goal to reduce vehicle miles traveled and the share of vehicles on the road whose only occupant is the driver from 70% to 65% by 2020 and to 55% by 2030.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The City is currently not on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

Cleveland passed its Complete and Green Streets Ordinance (#798-11) in 2011. 

Car Sharing

The City of Cleveland is currently serviced by zipcar and Enterprise Carshare. Currently, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City launched the UHBikes bike share program in 2016, which services downtown and the University Circle. There are currently 250 bikes at 29 stations.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Columbus adopted its complete streets policy in 2008, through Ordinance No. 1987-2008. The adoption of the policy encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

The City of Columbus utilizes Car2go for its car-sharing program and currently has over 25,000 registered users. The City has rules and regulations that allow for dedicated, on-street car share spaces.

Bike Sharing

Columbus is served by a bike-sharing program, CoGo with over 72 operational stations and 600 bikes. Electric bikes are expected to be integrated into the CoGo system in 2019.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Dallas adopted its complete streets policy in 2011 and has since updated it with its Complete Streets Design Manual. The Complete Streets Initiative encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

The City of Dallas is served by Oak Cliff Car Share zipcar and Enterprise CarShare. Currently, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

There is a bike sharing program called Fair Park Bike Share but with very limited service. The City of Dallas is currently served by four private undocked system operators (Bird, Lime, VBikes, and Razor) that provide bicycles and scooters.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Denver has a goal to reduce single-occupant vehicle (SOV) commuters to 50% and increase the percentage of bike and pedestrian commuters to 15% and transit commuters to 15% by 2030.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Denver tracks progress towards these goals in several ways. The City use the US Census ACS estimates to track SOV rates at the citywide level and supplements these national data with an employee commuter survey in partnership with local Transportation Management Associations (TMAs) and local employers at the neighborhood level. Denver’s citywide SOV rates are 75.9% according to the most recent census estimates, and Denver has yet to close its employer commuter survey for the year.

Complete Streets

Denver adopted its Complete Streets Policy in 2011. The adoption of the procedure encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Denver, Enterprise CarShareeGo CarShare, Car2go and zipcar. Denver has a carshare permit program to provide dedicated on-street and off-street spaces for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city is served by a bike sharing program, Denver BCycle, with about 737 bicycles and 89 stations.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Detroit has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

There is a car-sharing program available to the residents and visitors of Detroit, zipcar. We could not determine if the City has a formal policy in place that provides dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Detroit has a docked bikeshare system with 430 bikes spread among 44 stations.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Dubuque has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Dubuque, U CarShare. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Dubuque Bike Coop.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Dubuque has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last Updated: October 2013

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

El Paso has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

El Paso does not currently have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

El Paso is served by a bike sharing program, El Paso Bcycle.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Fort Worth adopted a Complete Streets policy in 2016. The initiative encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

Fort Worth does not currently have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is served by a bike sharing program, Fort Worth B-cycle, with 46 stations and about 350 bikes.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

In the latest strategic plan, Grand Rapids has a goal to achieve 50% total commute trips by transit, walking, biking, and ridesharing.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if the City is on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

Grand Rapids adopted its complete streets policy in 2011.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City of Grand Rapids is not currently served by a bike share system, but the City of Grand Rapids, in partnership with the Downtown Development Authority, completed a bike share feasibility study and strategic business plan in 2018. Staff is expected to begin drafting a policy, regulatory and operational framework in 2019 to either launch a bike share system or facilitate bike share service pilots in Grand Rapids.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city. However, the City’s Climate Action Plan has a goal related to increasing walking and biking. This includes six different strategies related to Complete Streets, tactical urbanism, bike share, and more.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Hartford adopted a complete streets policy in 2016 through executive order.

Car Sharing

There is currently no citywide car sharing program available for use in Hartford, although ZipCar has partnered with Trinity College and the University of Hartford to offer a university-based sharing program. Hartford does not yet have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Hartford has the first dockless bikeshare in Connecticut, the LimeBike program, which has reported to the City and publicly that they have approximately 400 bikes in circulation. The program has been a huge success, with organizers reporting that usage has exceeded all expectations. Over 25,000 rides took place during the first 100 days of service.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Henderson has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

We could not determine if the City is served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Honolulu adopted its complete streets policy in 2012 through Ordinance 12-15.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Biki is Honolulu’s bikeshare transportation system, operated by Bikeshare Hawai’i. Launched in late June 2017, Biki has 1,000 bikes at 100 conveniently located self-service.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Houston passed a Complete Streets policy in 2013.

Car Sharing

Houston is served both by zipcar and Enterprise CarShare. The City of Houston has a formal policy in place to provide on-street and off-street parking for car-share vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is served by a bike sharing program, Houston B-cycle with over 72 operational stations and 475 bikes.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Indianapolis adopted its complete streets policy in 2012, through Chapter 431, Article VIII. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in all new transportation infrastructure construction projects.

Car Sharing

Indianapolis is served by Blue Indy car sharing and zipcar. While no formal policy dedicating on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles is in place, BlueIndy does have 450 dedicated spaces available.

Bike Sharing

Indianapolis’s bike sharing program, Pacers Bikeshare, is fully operable with 29 docking stations and 251 bikes.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Jacksonville has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

We could not determine if the City is served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Both the Climate Action Plan (2008) and the forthcoming Bike KC Master Plan set a mode shift goal target, specifically moving the number of cyclists from 0.3% to over 5%.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The City tracks mode shift through the American Community Survey (trips to/from work). Additionally, the City can track the number of miles ridden on dockless scooters and bicycles in the market with the assistance of each individual provider. No measured shift has occurred to date.

Complete Streets

Kansas City passed its Complete Streets Ordinance (Resolution 22-11) in 2011.

Car Sharing

Kansas City is served by zipcar. The City has made accommodations for rideshare vehicle parking on City streets and is currently exploring additional areas for rideshare operations in the downtown area. The City is also working on developing a policy to allow and encourage free-floating car share operations in the City.

Bike Sharing

The City has a bike sharing program, Kansas City B-cycle, which has a 24/7 public dock-based bike share system. They have 41 stations serving Downtown, North Kansas City, Westport, the Country Club Plaza, KCAI and The Nelson-Atkins Museum, 18th & Vine Jazz District, and the Trolley Track Trail. The City has partnered with the Blue Cross/Blue Shield BikeShare program and is expanding the number of available bicycles for far greater coverage and impact.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Knoxville has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Knoxville, zipcar. A bike sharing program is in the planning stages. 

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Knoxville has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last updated: October 2015

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Knoxville adopted its complete streets policy in 2014 through Ordinance No. O-204-2014.

Car Sharing

Sec 17-308 of Knoxville’s Parking Ordinance allows for the signing of car-sharing vehicles dedicated parking.

Bike Sharing

Pace Bikeshare operates a dockless system in Knoxville. Kiosks and stations are provided and maintained for customer convenience, but users are free to depart their ride at any bike rack.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

As part of the Downtown Master Plan, Las Vegas has a target to achieve the following mode pslit by 2045: 45% car, 25% transit, 20% walking, 10% biking mobility usage.

Complete Streets

The City has not yet adopted or codified a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

Las Vegas is served by zipcar. At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City of Las Vegas is a Bike Friendly Community with silver status. The Regional Transportation Commission has a docked bikeshare program, RTC Bike Share, focused on the downtown area. The City has declined to approve dockless bike share at this time. The City has 28.05 docked bicycles per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Lawrence has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

Lawrence is piloting a project with Hertz OnDemand for carsharing. There is not yet a bike sharing service available to the citizens of Lawrence.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

Lawrence has not yet implemented any transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicle trips or trips during rush hour.

Last Updated: October 2013

Mode Shift Targets

The City has mode share goals specifically for biking. The goals as approved in the 2017 Bicycle Master Plan are: 10% of all trips by bike by 2027, 20% by 2037, and 30% by 2047.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if the City is on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

The City has not yet adopted or codified a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

The City of Long Beach does not yet have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Long Beach Bike Share operates 400 bikes and 60 stations.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The 2015 Sustainable City pLAn calls for an increase in non-single occupancy vehicle trips to 35% of all trips by 2025 and 50% of all trips by 2035.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if the City is on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

Los Angeles does not yet have a Complete Streets policy.

Car Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Los Angeles, Car2Go, and zipcar. The City also has a fixed-space car share program in effect.

Bike Sharing

There is currently a bicycle sharing program in this city, Metro Bike Share, that currently has 93 stations and over 1,400 bicycles.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Louisville Metro has a goal to increase bicycle ridership 100% from 2012 levels and increase public transit ridership 25%.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Louisville has a complete streets policy in place.

Car Sharing

There are two car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Louisville, enterprise CarShare and zipcar. As this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Louisville has a strong cycling community. In 2016, the city earned a silver status from the League of American Bicyclists as a Cycle Friendly Community. Building off this success, Louisville launched a bikeshare program, LouVelo, in May 2017. The network includes 305 bikes and 28 stations. In the first year of operation, 3,903 riders used the systems, 15,359 rides were taken, and 7,688 miles were ridden.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

Madison has not yet written or implemented a policy to encourage improved integration of transportation and land use planning such as a VMT reduction or mode share target.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Madison, Community Car. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Madison B-cycle with over 30 operable stations.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Madison Metro Transit works with area businesses to provide unlimited metro-transit passes for the businesses employees.  Also, the Rideshare, etc. website facilities carpooling among residents of the city.

Last Updated: October 2015

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

McAllen has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

McAllen B-Cycle launched with a total of eight stations and 80 bikes around the City that were funded in part by a Federal Transit Administration grant.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Memphis adopted its Complete Streets Policy through executive order in 2013.

Car Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Memphis, zipcar. At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The Explore Bike Share system launched in Memphis in May of 2018. 600 bikes are currently available at 60 stations, and there is funding allocated to expand the system to a total of 900 bikes and 90 stations by 2020.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Mesa has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

We could not determine if the City is served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Miami adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Resolution No. 09-00274. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Miami, Car2go, zipcar, and Hertz OnDemand. At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is served by a bike sharing program, Citi Bike Miami with 58 docked stations and approximately 550 bikes citywide at any time.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Milwaukee does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Milwaukee does not track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Milwaukee passed a complete streets policy in 2018.

Car Sharing

Milwaukee does not have a supportive parking policy for carsharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

Milwaukee does not have a supportive zoning policy for docked bike share facilities. The city has 125.98 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

To promote a modal shift in transportation, Minneapolis has set a goal to raise the bicycle commute mode share to 15% by 2025.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Minneapolis’s average bicycle commute mode share between 2011-2013 was 3.9% while the average for 2015-2017 (the latest comparable data) was 4.2%.

Complete Streets

Minneapolis’s complete streets policy scored an 85.6 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

Minneapolis has a car share policy that allows for designated on-street spaces.

Bike Sharing

The city has 432.13 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The Livable Nashville Recommendations contain goals to increase active-transportation mode share to 7% by 2020, 12% by 2030 and 30% by 2050.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Nashville does not track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Nashville does not yet have a complete streets policy in place.

Car Sharing

Nashville does not have a supportive parking policy for carsharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 41.19 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

New Haven does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

New Haven does not track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

New Haven’s complete streets policy scored an 46.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if New Haven has a supportive parking policy for carsharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 152.66 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

New Orleans does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

New Orleans does not track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

New Orleans’s complete streets policy scored an 70.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

New Orleans does not have a supportive parking policy for carsharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

New York has established a goal for 80% of all person-trips to be made by sustainable modes (walking, bicycling, or public transit) by 2050. 

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The city conducted its first annual Citywide Mobility Survey this spring to gain an in-depth understanding of how New Yorkers get around. The survey found that 62 percent of all trips citywide were made using sustainable modes such as walking, biking, or transit.

Complete Streets

The Department of Transportation (DOT) released Sustainable Streets: Strategic Plan for the New York City Department of Transportation 2008 and Beyond which is a complete streets strategic plan for improved infrastructure and transportation design, operation and maintenance. The plan also lists strategies aimed at improving street safety and reduced environmental impact.

Car Sharing

New York city sets aside public spaces for car share vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 139.17 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Newark does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Newark does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Newark’s complete streets policy scored an 45.6 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm that Newark has supportive parking policies for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Oakland does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Oakland does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Oakland’s complete streets policy scored an 40.4 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

In 2015, the City of Oakland adopted a resolution (85459 C.M.S) to create a pilot program to create dedicated spaces for car share in public parking spaces and in municipal lots and garages throughout Oakland. The resolution also accepted and appropriated funds from MTC, which committed the City to work with CSOs to locate cars in ‘underserved minority low-income communities.

Bike Sharing

The city has 199.91 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Oklahoma City does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Oklahoma City does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Oklahoma City does not yet have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Oklahoma City has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 7.92 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Omaha does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Omaha does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Newark’s complete streets policy scored an 88.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Omaha has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 42.62 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Based on the Community Sustainability Action Plan Update in 2018, the city is pursuing the goal of more than 50% of trips to be made by carpool, transit, bicycle, or walking city-wide.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Currently, Orlando is only tracking commute trips and no data is available for total trips made within the city.

Complete Streets

The City of Orlando has not yet adopted a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

Orlando has a parking space lease agreement with FDOT for the on-street spaces (and one garage location) to be used for carsharing.

Bike Sharing

The city has 71.36 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transportation and Land Use Planning

To improve integration of transportation and land use planning, Park City has a VMT reduction goal through a partnership between Park City and SLC. This plan has been codified and launched.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is a car sharing program currently available to the residents and visitors of Park City, Uhaul Carshare. There is not yet a bike sharing service available to the citizens of Park City.

Transportation Demand Management Programs

To reduce the frequency of single-occupancy trips, Park City supports city employee vanpool program and subsidizes over 60% of the cost.  The City allows employees to pay for public transportation expenses out of pre-tax earnings.  Park City Municipal allows flexible work arrangements, and telecommuting.

Last updated: October 2015

Mode Shift Targets

The Connect plan includes a goal of increasing the total percentage of commuters who either walk, bike, or use transit by five percentage points from 36% to 41%.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Philadelphia tracks commute trips on their Greenworks dashboard.

Complete Streets

Philadelphia’s complete streets policy scored an 46.4 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Philadelphia has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 75.91 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Phoenix does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Phoenix does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Phoenix’s complete streets policy scored an 54 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Phoenix has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 61.50 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The Pittsburgh Climate Action Plan 3.0, which was adopted by City Council in 2018, outlines mode shift goals. These include 50% increase in walking, 100% increase in biking, 100% increase in transit use, and a 50% decrease in single occupancy vehicle trips.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We were not able to confirm if Pittsburgh tracks progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Philadelphia’s complete streets policy scored an 92.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

The City of Pittsburgh has an ongoing agreement with Zipcar for locating carshare parking spaces both on street and in parking garages.

Bike Sharing

The city has 165.34 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Portland set goals to raise the bicycle commute mode share to 25%, and the walking mode to 10%.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Portland comprehensively tracks trip data. Between the implementation of the target and now, drive alone trips dropped from 61% to 59%, carpool trips increased from 9% to 9.44%, telecommuting increased from 7% to 8%, walking decreased from 6% to 5%, biking increased from 5% to 5.4%, and transit increased 11% to 12%

Complete Streets

Oregon’s complete streets policy is the only state policy to cover municipal roads in addition to state-owned roads, and the city has made significant efforts to incorporate complete streets language in a range of supporting transportation and land use policies. Nevertheless, the city does not have an NCSC-recognized complete streets policy

Car Sharing

The City has code and administrative rules that regulate on-street parking for carshare vehicles only.

Bike Sharing

The city is only served by dockless bike sharing programs.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Providence does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Providence does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Providence’s complete streets policy scored an 21.2 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

The city has an agreement with Zip Car to allow them to use City-owned on-street parking spots.

Bike Sharing

The city has 221.74 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The city’s adopted BikeRaleigh Plan includes a goal of reaching 1.2% bicycle mode share.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Raleigh does not track progress towards its mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Raleigh’s complete streets policy scored an 56.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Raleigh has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Reno does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Reno does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Reno does not currently have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Reno has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

We could not confirm if Reno has a bike sharing program.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Richmond does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector. As part of RVAgreen 2050 the city will establish a mode shift target for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Richmond does not track progress towards their mode shift target. As part of RVAgreen 2050 the city will track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Richmond’s complete streets policy scored an 82.4 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Richmond has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 96.90 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Riverside does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Riverside does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Riverside does not currently have a complete streets policy.  

Car Sharing

Riverside does not have a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Rochester does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Rochester does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Rochester’s complete streets policy scored an 74.4 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

Rochester does not have a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Sacramento does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Sacramento does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Sacramento does not currently have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

Sacramento requires carshare vendors to apply for a parking permit application to legally park in the city right of way as of Aug 28. 2018. The program was created to spur innovative new programs, with a pricing structure to incentivize ZEVs. The program accommodates car share with dedicated spaces or operating under a free-floating model.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Saint Paul aims to increase bicycle mode share from 2% in 2000 to 5% in 2015 and increase the mode share of bicycling commuters from 0.6% to 2.5%.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Saint Paul does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Saint Paul’s complete streets policy scored an 32.4 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Saint Paul has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The city’s modal share targets specify a maximum for drive alone travel of 60%, a minimum of 25% for bike,  walk, and Transit minimum: 25%.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

St. Petersburg does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

St. Petersburg’s complete streets policy scored an 80.0 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if St. Petersburg has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 113.96 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Salt Lake City does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Salt Lake City does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Salt Lake City does not currently have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Salt Lake City has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 146.60 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

San Antonio does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

San Antonio does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

San Antonio’s complete streets policy scored an 40.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if San Antonio has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 33.07 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

San Diego has codified goals as part of its' Climate Action Plan that include increases in walking commuter share, bicycle commuter share, and public transit commuter share by 2020 and 2035.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The city has seen increases in all targeted modes between 2010 and 2017.

Complete Streets

San Diego does not currently have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if San Diego has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The 2013 San Francisco Climate Action Strategy, called for shifting 50 percent of trips to non-automobile trips by 2017 and 80 percent by 2030.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Based on the 2017 Travel Decision Survey, the city has realized the 2017 mode share goal as 52 percent of trips were non-automobile trips (transit, walk and bicycle) and 48 percent of trips were automobiles trips (drive alone, carpool and TNCs).

Complete Streets

San Francisco’s complete streets policy scored an 37.2 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

San Francisco Planning Code that requires specific numbers of parking spaces be made available to certified car share organizations in both residential and non-residential uses in all zoning districts.

Bike Sharing

The city has 425.73 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

The Envision San José 2040 General Plan includes the following targets: no more than 40% drive-alone, at least 10% by carpool, at least 20% by transit, at least 15% by bicycle, at least 15% on foot.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

San Jose does not track progress towards its mode shift target.

Complete Streets

San Jose does not currently have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

San José’s Master Marking Rate Resolution includes a Car Share Parking Pilot Program, implemented since March 14, 2016, which provides dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles..

Bike Sharing

The city has 38.64 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Seattle has a target to reduce single occupancy vehicles trips by 25% by 2025 from a 2012 baseline.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Seattle does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Seattle’s complete streets policy scored an 56.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

Seattle has supportive parking policies for car share vehicles that allow them to park in paid parking areas without paying separately, adhering to time limitations, and in restricted parking zones.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

St. Louis does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

St. Louis does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

St. Louis’s complete streets policy scored an 49.6 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if St Louis has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Tampa does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Tampa does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Tampa’s complete streets policy scored an 35.6 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Tampa has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

We could not confirm if Tucson has a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Tucson does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Tucson does not currently have a complete streets policy in place.  

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Tucson has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 61.60 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Tulsa does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Tulsa does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Tulsa’s complete streets policy scored an 53.2 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Tulsa has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 39.82 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Virginia Beach does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Virginia Beach does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Virginia Beach’s complete streets policy scored an 62.4 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if Virginia Beach has a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Sustainable DC 2.0 sets the following goals by 2032: to achieve 25% of commuter trips in all wards by biking and walking, and 50% of commuter trips in all wards by public transit. Sustainable DC 2.0 sets a goal to reduce commuter trips made by car to 25% by 2032.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Biking/walking has increased from 16.8% in 2012 to 19.5% in 2016, public transit has decreased from 40.5% in 2012 to 38.6% in 2016, car travel has increased from 42.7% in 2012 to 51.9% in 2016.

Complete Streets

Washington DC adopted a complete streets policy in 2010.  

Car Sharing

DDOT has set aside a total of 80 reserved on-street spaces for the purpose of carsharing. Additionally, The zoning code also includes particular provisions for car-share parking and allows dedicated car-share spaces to count toward fulfilling minimum parking requirements.

Bike Sharing

The city has 691.67 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Mode Shift Targets

Worcester does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Worcester does not track progress towards their mode shift target.

Complete Streets

Worcester adopted a complete streets policy in 2018.

Car Sharing

Worcester does not have a parking policy in place for car sharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 0 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019