State and Local Policy Database

Efficient Vehicles & Behavior

Communities can improve the efficiency of their vehicles by encouraging the choice of efficient vehicles and helping to develop the infrastructure to fuel them. Conventional vehicles with high fuel efficiency, hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and electric vehicles provide significant energy saving opportunities. Beyond vehicle purchase choices, local governments can implement policies like anti-idling ordinances to encourage efficient driver behavior and help to reduce fuel waste. Regional transportation partnerships and coalitions can also be an important organizing tool for communities to reduce their overall transportation related energy use.

This sub-category includes information on four topics: Provision by the local government of purchase incentives for conventional vehicles with high fuel efficiency, hybrids, plug-in hybrids, or electric vehicles; Incentive programs to support the implementation of electric vehicle charging infrastructure; Policies that encourage efficient driving behavior, such as anti-idling ordinances, and apply to all private vehicles or a subset of private vehicles; Active engagement by staff from the local jurisdiction in a regional clean transportation partnership, such as a Clean Cities Coalition.

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Albuquerque has partnered with Nissan one a program that provides a $3,000 Nissan LEAF discount to PNM customers and ABQ residents running through 2018.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no rebate programs from the City, but the IDO (Subsection 5-5(C)(5)(d)) provides a parking credit for parking spaces equipped for EV charging – every EV charging space counts for 2 required parking spaces.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 20 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Albuquerque has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.). However, future goals are to install EV Charging infrastructure at existing renewable energy sites like community centers to incentivize the use EVs.

Last Updated: March 2019

Arlington's citizens owning qualifying clean fuel vehicles (including hybrid and electric vehicles) are eligible to receive 50% tax relief on the value of the vehicle from $3,001 to $20,000. The county provides aproximately 39 electric vehicle charging stations for public use. Arlington does not have incenctive programs to support the installation of electric vehicle infraestructure. 

Last updated: May 2017

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Atlanta does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

In 2014, the City adopted zoning regulations to ease the installation of EV infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 251 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Atlanta has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The City partnered with Nissan to offer half off of a Nissan LEAF SV in November 2018.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The City of Aurora currently does not offer incentives for installing private or public EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 20 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Aurora has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, the City of Austin does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Austin Energy offers a rebate for electric vehicle charging stations installed at homes, businesses, multifamily properties and auto dealers.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 227 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

All of Austin Energy’s 162 electrical vehicle charging stations are powered using 100% renewable energy provided through Austin Energy’s Greenchoice program.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

PG&E customers with EVs are eligible to receive an $800 Clean Fuel Rebate for their use of electricity as a clean transportation fuel.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The City of Bakersfield currently does not offer incentives for installing private or public EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 13 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Bakersfield has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Baltimore does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 152 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Baltimore has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Birmingham does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 22 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Birmingham has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

In addition to federal incentives for EVs, if customers purchase a plug-in hybrid (PEV) or electric vehicle (EV), they may be eligible for a rebate of up to $2,500 through the Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOREV) program. As part of the VW settlement, MassDEP provides grants to enable the purchase of high efficiency vehicles. Eversource is joining Nissan to offer customers a $5,000 rebate off the MSRP toward the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF through January 2. To take advantage of the offer, Eversource customers need to bring the promotional flyer and a recent Eversource electric bill to a participating Nissan dealer.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) provides the Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Incentive Program (MassEVIP) Workplace Charging, which is an open grant program that provides incentives to employers for the acquisition of Level 1 and Level 2 electric vehicle (EV) charging stations. Additionally, the Transportation Access Plan Agreements requires that all new commercial and residential buildings include stipulations that 5% of parking in must have an EV charging station.

EV Charging Locations

The City has 300 charging stations available for public use, equivalent to 58.39 stations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Boston does not have incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: May 2019

At this time, Boulder does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. The Boulder Smart Grid Plug-In Electric/Hybrid Vehicles Project works to increase the use of plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles in Boulder. The city abides by Colorado's anti-idling policy. Bouder actively engages with the Denver Metro Clean Cities Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in all transportation across the region.

Last Updated: October 2015

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Bridgeport does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 9 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Bridgeport has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Buffalo does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

National Grid offers a time of use rate class (SC-1 VTOU), which benefits residential EV owners by offering lower electricity cost for recharging at night. National Grid has an Electric Vehicle Charging Station Infrastructure Program. National Grid offered funding for approximately 30 Level II charging station installations and 4 fast charging installations. They also provided money to help update electric distribution equipment (distribution network, transformer, meter) and customer equipment (panel, conductor/trenching, etc.) to help facilitate the installation of electric vehicle charging stations.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 30 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Buffalo has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: May 2019

At this time, Burlington does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure.

Burlington follows Vermont Act 57 S1110, prohibiting vehicles to idle for longer than 5 minutes. Burlington also actively participates in the Vermont Clean Cities Coalition, which aims to reduce petroleum use in transportation across Vermont.

Last updated: October 2015

At this time, Carrboro does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure. Carrboro has not yet established efficient driving rules, such as an anti-idling ordinance, for private vehicles.  Municipal staff from Carrboro engage with the Triangle Clean Cities Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in transportation.

Last updated: April 2014

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Charlotte does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 74 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Charlotte has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

At this time, Charlottesville does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. Charlottesville administers a mini-grant fund to spur the development of a publicly-accessible EV charging network. Municipal staff from Richmond engage with the Virginia Clean Cities Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Most recently, the city’s EV charging network mini-grant initiative involved Virginia Clean Cities.

Last updated: October 2015

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The Chicago Department of Transportation (City) administers Drive Clean Chicago, a program delivering incentives to alternative fuel projects in the six-county Chicago area. The current incentive funds available are Drive Clean Truck, Drive Clean Taxi and Drive Clean Station.  The Drive Clean Truck Voucher program is a point of sale discount program for the purchase or lease of electric and hybrid trucks and buses. The Drive Clean Taxi voucher program offers point of sale discounts on electric public passenger vehicles including taxis, transportation network providers and livery vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The City of Chicago offers a 1-day easy permit process for installing electric vehicle charging stations.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 126 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Chicago has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The City does not offer any incentives for purchasing high efficiency vehicles. However, San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) has offered various incentives and credits. They currently have an EV Climate Credit available. In the past, they have offered a shareholder funded electric vehicle rebate program geared toward teachers and first responders that included $1,000 in a point-of-sale rebate to qualified applicants toward the purchase of almost any EV or plug-in hybrid. They have also previously worked with local Nissan and BMW retailers to offer up to $10,000 on specific EV models for SDGE customers.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The City of Chula Vista has been participating in San Diego Gas and Electric’s Power Your Drive program for the last few years. The City has installed 123 EV chargers at three City facilities for both fleet and employee vehicles and just got approval from City Council to include 10 additional chargers for fleet and employees at one more facility. 44 of these chargers were at no cost (including the cost of equipment, installation and 10 years of maintenance) to the City because they were in a Disadvantaged Community. The remaining chargers required a one-time participation fee payment. Employees pay for their energy use for EV charging on their electric bills at home, and City Fleet vehicle charging gets billed to the City.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 17 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Chula Vista has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The City of Cincinnati offers free parking to EV vehicles. Currently close to 400 vehicles are enrolled in the program.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 44 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Cincinnati has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Cleveland does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 16 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Cleveland has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Through the Smart Columbus program, the City is offering rebates to help central Ohio-based taxis, transportation network companies (TNCs), TNC drivers, car sharing, ride-sharing, and limo services make the switch to electric vehicles. Thirty incentives of $3,000 each ($90,000 total) are available to transportation service providers who purchase new, fully electric vehicles between November 20, 2018 and April 15, 2019. Earlier in 2018, the City awarded another $30,000 in rebates to Columbus Yellow Cab during a similar incentive program.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

AEP Ohio is offering $10 million in incentives to install EV charging stations for local government, public charging, workplace charging, and MUD charging. In addition to the AEP Ohio incentive program, Smart Columbus is offering up to $25,000 per site for MUD EV charging stations. In 2018, the City of Columbus Division of Power offered its residential customers up to $500 in rebates to install Level 2 EV chargers at their home or apartment/condo. This incentive is still active/available.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 94 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Columbus has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Dallas does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 113 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Dallas has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Denver does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 107 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Denver has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Detroit does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 45 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Detroit has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

At this time, Dubuque does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure.

Dubuque promotes anti-idling through a voluntary pledge encompassing many sustainability elements. Also, Dubuque actively participates in the Iowa Clean Cities Coalition which aims to reduce petroleum use in all of transportation across all of Iowa.

Last Updated: October 2013

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, El Paso does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 27 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of El Paso has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Fort Worth does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 32 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Fort Worth has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Grand Rapids does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 30 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Grand Rapids has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The City of Hartford offered employees an exclusive discount program for the purchase of the Nissan Leaf EVs. Customers of the water utility MDC and the electricity utility Eversource are also offered rebates.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There was an incentive offered for the installation of EV chargers. However, this program is no longer active. The City of Hartford does not have incentives as the City instead requires the use of EV charging stations in all lots of over 35 cars. In other words, the City goes beyond EV-readiness requirements by requiring EV charging. There are also carbon credits available for installing EV charging infrastructure. The CT Green Bank administers and aggregates these credits.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 23 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Hartford has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Henderson does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 18 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Henderson has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The State, with the City’s support, has a statute that exempts EVs from payment of parking fees. An electric vehicle on which an electric vehicle license plate is affixed shall be exempt from payment of parking fees, including those collected through parking meters, charged by any state or county authority in this State, except this exemption shall not apply: (1) For more than two and one-half hours of metered parking, or the maximum amount of time the meter allows, whichever is longer, or (2) To parking fees assessed in increments longer than one twenty-four-hour day, including weekly, monthly, or annual parking permits.

The State’s Department of Transportation, with the City’s support, allows EVs, even if occupied by a single motorist, to travel in High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes during restriction times. Nissan North America, Inc. offers eligible customers of Hawaiian Electric a $3,000 rebate off MSRP for a 2018 Nissan LEAD, during the program period, plus a potential Federal tax incentive of up to $7,500.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 108 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Honolulu has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Houston does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Houston offers the Houston Drives Electric initiative. The 2011 Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan mapped Houston’s way to securing funding and installing charging ports. The City is part of the Houston-Galveston Clean Cities Coalition. Permits are fast-tracked, and the City has partnered with its utility on an electric vehicle charging station pilot.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 141 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Permits are fast-tracked, and Houston has partnered with its utility on an electric vehicle charging station pilot.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Indianapolis does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 44 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Indianapolis has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Jacksonville's utility, JEA, offers EV tax benefits and rebates  for citizens to purchase or lease a plug-in or EV vehicle.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 57 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Jacksonville has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Kansas City does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 166 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, Kansas City has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Knoxville offers free public charging stations, but does not yet offer incentives for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure.

Knoxville has not yet established efficient driving rules, such as an anti-idling ordinance, for private vehicles. Knoxville actively participates in the East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in East-Tennessee transportation.

Last updated: October 2015

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Knoxville does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 44 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Knoxville has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Las Vegas does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

NV Energy offers incentives for the installation of public or private EV charging stations. There are more than 300 EV charging station locations available for use region wide.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 123 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Las Vegas has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

At this time, Lawrence does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure.

To encourage efficient driving, Lawrence optimized traffic signal length in 2012. Also, Lawrence is an active member in the Kansas City Regional Clean Cities Coalition, which aims to reduce petroleum use in all of transportation across the region.

Last Updated: October 2013

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Southern California Edison has a Clean Fuel Rewards Program. The State of California also has a Clean Vehicle Rebate Project.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The City of Long Beach has an Electric Charger Giveaway Program, an expedited permitting process for electric vehicle charger installation in single-family homes and owner-occupied units of multi-family residential projects with 4 units or less and promotes Southern California Edison’s Charge Ready Home Installation Rebate.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 57 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Long Beach has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Los Angeles does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

To foster increased development of EV charging infrastructure, Los Angeles offers the Charge Up L.A. rebate program under which residential customers may receive up to $500 for a home charger, and commercial customers can receive up to $4,000 for each hardwired EV charger installed.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 432 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Los Angeles has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Louisville does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 43 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Louisville has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

At this time, Madison does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure. Madison does however, have 27 EV charging stations that are available to all Madison Gas and Electric customers.

Madison prohibits the idling of all trucks for longer than 15 minutes. Madison is an active participant with the Dane County Clean Air Coalition, which works to reduce petroleum use in all transportation across the region.

Last Updated: October 2015

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, McAllen does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 8 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of McAllen has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Memphis does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 28 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Memphis has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Mesa does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 23 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Mesa has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Miami does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 86 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Miami has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Milwaukee offers discounts on purchases of the Nissan Leaf.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The city does not have any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

Milwaukee has 4.54 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Milwaukee has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Minneapolis does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The city does not have any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

Minneapolis has 13.02 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Minneapolis has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Nashville does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The city does not have any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

Nashville has 11.98 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Nashville has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, New Haven does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

We could not confirm if the city has any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

New Haven has 8.40 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if New Haven has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation. However, the city’s electric grid mix is comprised of more than 85% renewables so any existing charging stations are already drawing on comparatively clean energy sources.

Last Updated: May 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, New Orleans does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The city does not have any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

New Orleans has 4.58 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

New Orleans does not have any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, New York City does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

ConEdison offers reduced electric rates for businesses that install publicly accessible electric vehicle quick charging stations.

In 2018, the City conducted the “NYCx Climate Action Challenge” which asked private industry, technology companies, and entrepreneurs and to propose breakthrough technologies to work towards our climate goals. Over 60 submissions were collected across sectors with ideas like wireless charging, software for connected vehicles, and energy-harnessing infrastructure. Ultimately, the company Ubitricity, which integrated electric vehicle charging into light poles, was selected as the challenge winner. Ubitricity has deployed street pole integrated charging in the UK and Germany. Considering the density of much of NYC, integrating electric vehicle charging into existing street furniture helps keep sidewalks decluttered and prioritized for pedestrian use.

EV Charging Locations

New York has 3.77 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

New York City does not have any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation but has a large network of solar-powered vehicle chargers, with 65 in use.

Last Updated: May 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Newark does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

PSE&G offers a time-of-use rate for EV charging at reduced off-peak rates.

EV Charging Locations

Newark has 6.31 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We were unable to confirm if Newark has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Oakland does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

PG&E provides $800 in rebates for the installation of level 2 chargers through the Clean Fuel Rebate program.

EV Charging Locations

Oakland has 10.11 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We were unable to confirm if Oakland has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Oklahoma City does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The city does not have any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

Oklahoma City has 2.33 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Oklahoma City does not have any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The Omaha Public Power District offers residents $3,500 in incentives towards the purchase of a Nissan Leaf.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

OPPD also offers incentives for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

Omaha has 3.43 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Omaha does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) offers a $3,000 rebate towards the purchase of a new Nissan Leaf. 

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

OUC offers incentives for EV vehicle charging via its Charge-It program.

EV Charging Locations

Orlando has 51.74 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Orlando does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Park City offers priority parking at government facilities (City Hall, Library, Recreation Facilities) for vehicles rated at 40+ MPG or utilizing alternative fuel options (e.g., electric or CNG); carpools also qualify for priority parking. There are no incentives available for the construction of commercial or private EV charging infrastructure.

Park City prohibits idling of vehicles for longer than 3 minutes through Park City Municipal Code 9-10. Park City actively participates in the Utah Clean Cities Coalition, which aims to reduce petroleum use in transportation across Utah.

Last updated: October 2015

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Philadelphia does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Philadelphia does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Philadelphia has 3.16 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Philadelphia does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

In 2017, The City of Phoenix partnered with Nissan to offer $10,000 discount on the Nissan Leaf (in addition to the $7500 federal rebate).  In 2018, the City worked with both utilities that serve the city to offer $3000 off the Nissan Leaf.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Salt River Project (SRP) offers a rebate to customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE. The rebate is $500 per Level 2 EVSE charging port installed.

EV Charging Locations

Phoenix has 7.87 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

The City has a contract with DC Solar Freedom for up to 200 solar trailers that can be used for free public EV charging.  The City has installed over 30 Solar EV charging trailers to date at City park-and-rides, libraries, parks, and the airport—charging vehicles for free using solar energy.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Pittsburgh does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Pittsburgh does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Pittsburgh has 20.83 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We were not able to confirm if Pittsburgh has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, the City of Portland does not offer incentives to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Portland City Council adopted an EV strategy, the "Electric Vehicles: The Portland Way", which outlines information on how to receive a EV charging port permit instantly online and the installation inspected within 24 to 48 hours. The city has 109 EV charging stations available for public use.

EV Charging Locations

Portland has 20.38 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Portland has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Providence does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Providence does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Providence has 9.98 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Providence does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Raleigh does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Raleigh does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Raleigh has 12.91 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Raleigh does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Reno does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Reno does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Reno has 15.27 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Reno does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Richmond does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Richmond does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Richmond has 16.74 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Richmond does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Citizens of Riverside are eligible for a rebate toward the purchase of a new qualified alternative fuel vehicle purchased from a City of Riverside automobile dealership. This rebate is worth up to $500 for a qualified EV or $250 for a qualified electric motorcycle or a neighborhood EV.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Riverside does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Riverside has 14.95 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Riverside does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Rochester will be able to purchase additional electric vehicles under the new Electric Vehicle Purchasing Collaborative, an initiative of the Mayors National Climate Action Agenda, or “Climate Mayors.”

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

We were not able to confirm if Rochester currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Rochester has 16.82 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We were not able to confirm if Rochester has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation. However, the city’s electric grid mix is comprised of more than 85% renewables so any existing charging stations are already drawing on comparatively clean energy sources.

Last Updated: May 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

The Sacramento Municipal Utilities District has $3,000 incentive to purchase a new Nissan LEAF for eligible customers.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

The Sacramento Municipal Utilities District (SMUD) offers a $599 cash incentive to charge free for 2 years or a 240 volt high power EV charger to qualifying customers.

EV Charging Locations

Sacramento has 21.72 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Sacramento does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Saint Paul does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Xcel Energy offers incentives through a pilot program to add a Level 2 charger in residences.

EV Charging Locations

Saint Paul has 13.05 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Saint Paul has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Salt Lake City was a partner on UDrive Electric, which was a 2016 bulk purchasing inventive program for Salt Lake City residents in cooperation with the University of Utah. Local electric utility Rocky Mountain Power continues to sponsor multiple recurring bulk purchase programs throughout Salt Lake City.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Salt Lake City does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Salt Lake City has 33.41 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Salt Lake City has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, San Antonio does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

San Antonio does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

San Antonio has 5.03 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

San Antonio does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

SDG&E offers purchase incentives for electric vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

SDG&E has the Power Your Drive program that provides incentives for installing electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

San Diego has 19.02 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

San Diego does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

PG&E offers an $800 rebate for the purchase of electric vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

San Francisco does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

San Francisco has 20.13 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if San Francisco has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: May 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, San Jose does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

PG&E offers incentives for both public and private EV charging infrastructure through its EV Charge Network program

EV Charging Locations

San Jose has 12.65 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

San Jose does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Seattle does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Seattle does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Seattle has 24. publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Seattle does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation. However, the city’s electric grid mix is comprised of more than 85% renewables so any existing charging stations are already drawing on comparatively clean energy sources.

Last Updated: May 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Ameren provides a $3,000 rebate on Nissan Leaf purchases.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

St. Louis does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

St. Louis has 9.07 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

St. Louis does not currently have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

We could not confirm if St. Petersburg offers incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

We could not confirm if St. Petersburg offers incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

St. Petersburg has 12.16 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if St Petersburg has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Tampa does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Tampa does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Tampa has 17.38 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Tampa has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

We could not confirm if Tucson offers incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Tucson Electric Power residential customers who own and operate a highway-approved plug-in EV can receive a discount on their electric service by signing up for our Time-of-Use or Demand Time-of-Use pricing plans.

EV Charging Locations

Tucson has 9.52 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Tucson has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

We could not confirm if Tulsa offers incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

We could not confirm if Tulsa currently offers incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Tulsa has 3.98 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Tulsa has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Virginia Beach does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Virginia Beach has 7.55 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if Virginia Beach has any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Pepco customers are eligible for a $5,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan Leaf. Rebates are available through January 2, 2019. To receive the rebate, applicants must show the flyer (PDF) and a recent Pepco utility bill to a participating Nissan dealer. For more information, visit the Pepco EV website.

Businesses and individuals are eligible for an income tax credit of 50% of the equipment and labor costs for the conversion of qualified AFVs, up to $19,000 per vehicle. Title V of the Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act also charges a higher excise tax amount for vehicles with fuel economy below a set benchmark.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

A tax credit is also available for 50% of the equipment and labor costs for the purchase and installation of alternative fuel infrastructure on qualified AFV fueling property (including electric chargers). The maximum credit is $1,000 per residential electric vehicle charging station, and $10,000 per publicly accessible AFV fueling station.

EV Charging Locations

Washington has 16.86 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Washington does not currently have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: May 2019

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Worcester does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

Worcester does not currently offer incentives for the installing of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

Worcester has 7 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Worcester does not have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: March 2019