State and Local Policy Database

Procurement and Construction Policies

Purchasing and construction policies can be designed to factor energy efficiency into every-day government decisions. Policies that specify energy efficiency requirements help to institutionalize energy efficiency across all local government departments. This sub-category includes information on three topic areas:

  • Fleet Efficiency and Vehicle infrastructure Fuel efficiency or fuel-efficient vehicle type requirements for public fleet vehicles; Fleet right-sizing policies or vehicle culling requirements; anti-idling policies for government vehicles or other programs to encourage efficient vehicle behavior.
  • Public Lighting Efficiency requirements or upgrade programs for outdoor lighting (e.g. streetlights); Use of photo sensors or scheduling for outdoor lighting; Adoption of the Illuminating Engineering Society and the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance, participating in DOE’s High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator, or other relevant policy.
  • New Buildings and Equipment Energy efficiency or green buildings requirements for new public buildings or major renovations; Energy efficiency or lifecycle cost considerations integrated into city’s procurement policy.

Fleet Policies and Composition

Albuquerque does not currently have a fuel efficiency requirement or procurement policy, but the City is planning to establish a Green Committee for fleet vehicle procurement. Albuquerque’s fleet is composed of 2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting 

Albuquerque has adopted the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City converted 20,966 streetlights to LED fixtures and is in the process of converting the remaining 1,860 streetlights.

Green Building Requirements

According to the USGBC Policy Library, a 2005 mayoral executive order requires new public buildings to be LEED certified Silver. A recently enacted City Council resolution may pass a city-wide upgrade of energy codes.

Last updated: March 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Arlington’s Equipment Bureau Environmental Fleet Standards outline the county’s fuel efficiency requirements, including a provision stating that hybrid vehicles are the preferred replacements for non-public safety passenger vehicles. Additionally, the county also uses GPS technology to track snow plows and leaf collection trucks for route optimization purposes.  

Public Lighting

The county has a program to replace all existing streetlights with more efficient LED lights and has installed over 6,000 LED streetlights through the program, approximately 85% of all streetlights in the county.  As new LED streetlights are being installed, radio controls are being installed so that the system will be able to use dimming and sensor functions.

New Buildings and Equipment

The Arlington County Infrastructure Design and Construction Standard - Building Design requires energy and water efficient products including lighting, HVAC, and premium-efficient motors.  

Last updated: May 2017

Fleet Policies and Composition

Atlanta has made a commitment to convert 20 percent of its municipal fleet to electric vehicles by 2020, however the city does not have any fuel efficiency requirements for its public fleet vehicles in place. The Mayor’s Office of Resilience developed Atlanta’s Alternative Fuel Conversion Plan in partnership with the Electrification Coalition. The plan serves as a guide for the City to achieve its commitment of transitioning 20% of its suitable fleet to electric vehicles by the end of 2020. The Mayor’s Office of Resilience is currently working with departments to assess and discuss opportunities to consider EVs and charging stations. The City has also reserved $2 million from GMA funding specifically for electric vehicles. This money covers the upfront cost of purchasing the vehicles with low interest. Additionally, the city has a green fleet policy, and it is reducing the size of its fleet by revoking vehicle take-home policies and undertaking a car share program. To further reduce fuel consumption, the city has two behavior-based policies. We were unable to find data regarding Atlanta’s fleet composition. Atlanta's fleet is composed of 1.7% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric.

Public Lighting

Georgia Power’s streetlight conversion program has converted over 50 percent, totaling around 37,000, of their leased streetlights to LEDs. To date 7.2% of the City of Atlanta owned street lights have been replaced with LEDs. The City is currently in a pilot project to evaluate technologies to upgrade all city-owned lights to LED and include cameras, spot-shutters, and sensors integrated in a network of intelligent nodes that will collect data for distribution to the City's police department, transportation office, and other end users. City-owned streetlight conversions are tracked in the city's GIS system.

Green Building Requirements 

In December 2003, the city passed a green building ordinance that applies to city-owned facilities. All major renovations and new construction over 5,000 square feet are required to obtain LEED New Construction Silver Certification or greater. All existing City-financed facilities over 25,000 square feet must gain LEED for Existing Buildings: Operation and Maintenance certification over a phase in period of 10 years. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

We could not find information on Aurora’s fuel efficiency requirements for public fleet. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Aurora has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

A 2007 City Council resolution requires LEED certification for all new construction of public buildings.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Resolution No. 20070215-023 establishes a goal for Austin’s fleet to be carbon-neutral by 2020 through the use of vehicles run on electricity and non-petroleum fuels. In addition, the city trains its employees on efficient driving behavior. Additionally, the city of Austin has a fuel conservation policy in place that promotes the purchase of fuel efficient vehicles, and makes electric/hybrid and alternative fueled vehicles a priority however it does not contain specific energy efficiency requirements. This city also uses AssetWorksFleetFocus M5 to monitor the use of its public fleet, nevertheless GPS technology has not been deployed yet. Austin has a plan for fleet electrification, which was driven by Resolution No. 20160505-025. Austin’s fleet is composed of 9.2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Austin Energy has automated all of its 59,000 Austin Energy-owned streetlights and made them Dark-Sky compliant. Austin Energy has also converted approximately 26% of its streetlights to LEDs. Austin requires all exterior lighting to comply with above-code standards, including the International Dark Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance (MLO). 

Green Building Requirements 

The city council passed Resolution No. 000608-43 in June 2000 requiring that all future public building projects of more than $2 million to be built to LEED Silver standards. The resolution required the city manager to evaluate the feasibility of requiring that buildings maintained, leased, or financed by the city be operated and maintained in a way that improves indoor air quality and energy conservation. The city council passed Resolution No. 20071129-045 in 2007, which built upon the June 2000 resolution. In addition to achieving LEED Silver standards in new public buildings and major renovations, buildings must achieve the highest optimal levels of sustainability. As part of this requirement, a number of measures in buildings must be considered, including energy-use monitoring and the reduction of building energy use in accordance with City of Austin Administrative Bulletin 05-01 (Designation of Energy Manager and Establishment of Energy Efficiency Policy). Also, the city must purchase or lease ENERGY STAR office equipment if available, in accordance with City of Austin Administrative Bulletin 05-01. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on Bakersfield’s fuel efficiency requirements for public fleet. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Bakersfield has an outdoor lighting upgrade program, but Pacific Gas and Electric Company and the City upgraded all 12,865 outdoor lights to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements

We could not find information about a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification in Bakersfield. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Baltimore adopted a Transportation Petroleum Goal to reduce petroleum usage 20% by 2017. The City adopted a strategy to reduce vehicle fuel consumption by replacing the average age of the fleet, by aggressively replacing older vehicles with newer and more efficient vehicles. The City plans to purchase up to 50 electric cars in the coming years to displace petroleum fueled vehicles and is coordinating with outside groups for electric vehicle charging stations.

We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

On December 5, 2011, the Mayor of Baltimore signed an amendment to Baltimore City Code Article 26 § 13-1, titled "Street lamps, etc." This revision added the statement that the "Department of Transportation must…ensure that, on or before June 30th 2013, all city electric street lamps are equipped with energy efficient light emitting diode lights or similar cost-effective technology." All traffic lights have been changed to LED’s. In 2012, the city switched the first 11,000 streetlights to LEDs. In 2014, the city conducted an LED light pilot. Although, lights do not have motion sensors, the city’s exterior street, building and sports lighting have photocells and operate only during certain hours. In 2018, Baltimore’s Department of Transportation & Office of Sustainable Energy awarded a contract to replace 12,304 streetlamps with LED fixtures using financing paid by the energy savings. This is projected to save 11,976,100 kWh per year.  An additional 30,000 streetlamps will be addressed in the near future. 

Green Building Requirements 

Baltimore has adopted the International Green Construction Code 2012 as an overlay to the City’s building, fire and related codes, which became effective on 2015. Additionally, in 2013 the city adopted the most recent International Electric Code.  Moreover, the City’s Green Building Standards (Council Bill 07-0602) require LEED Silver certification for public buildings and achievement of LEED certification for publicly funded buildings greater than 10,000 square feet. Although it seems that the city departments tasked with building renovations purchase energy star appliances and high energy efficiency equipment, we could not confirm the existence of any kind of energy efficiency purchasing guidelines.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on Birmingham’s fuel efficiency requirements. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Birmingham has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. As of 2019, Birmingham and Alabama Power have upgraded the city's streetlights to LED technology that have lighting controls to dim and extinguish lighting during the day.

Green Building Requirements 

We could not confirm that Birmingham has a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

The 2007 executive order on climate action required that municipal departments purchase hybrid, alternative-fueled, or high-efficiency vehicles whenever possible; new motor vehicles shall be the most fuel-efficient within their vehicle class. Boston also has established a motor pool, FleetHub, using car-sharing technology, allowing the city to reduce the fleet size and maximize the use of existing stock. Additionally, Boston Public Schools has made significant efforts to increase school bus routing efficiency and replace the oldest, least efficient diesel school buses with cleaner propane vehicles. Collectively, these efforts have led to 2,650,824 fewer miles driven by Boston Public School diesel buses. Boston’s fleet is composed of 7.3% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Boston has not yet adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the Energy Reduction Plan specifies a 40% reduction goal for energy use of streetlights in the city. The City of Boston is currently retrofitting its mercury and sodium vapor lighting to LED luminaires. To date, 76.3% of the City’s 64,000 electric street lights have been retrofitted, resulting in 35.6 million kWh in annual electriCity savings. The city's goal is to replace all of its streetlights with LEDs over the next few years.

Green Building Requirements 

The 2007 executive order directed that all new municipal buildings must be LEED Silver Certified, and new and renovated buildings must exceed LEED energy standards by 14 and 7 percent, respectively. Projects funded by the city under the Department of Neighborhood Development’s Green Affordable Housing Program must also meet the LEED Silver standards. 

Last updated: June 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

We did not find information on fleet fuel efficiency requirements or implemented anti-idling or right-sizing policies.  Boulder has installed 11 Level electric-vehicle charging stations with four that are available for public use. 

Public Lighting

In 2003, the Boulder City Council approved an outdoor lighting ordinance requiring non-compliant lighting fixtures to be replaced by August 15, 2018.  In its 2016 Capital Improvement Program, the city has allocated funding to replace its outdoor lights with compliant lights..  A new city-owned streetlight system currently under construction will turn on lights at a programmed time and dim them during period of low traffic. 

New Buildings and Equipment

Municipal construction follows local building code requirements which mandate a 30% increase in energy efficiency above the IECC 2006 at minimum.  Also, there is a goal in Boulder’s Master Plan calling for the city's new construction and major reconstruction to achieve at least LEED Silver Certification, but we do not know if this has been implemented.  The city has had an Environmental Purchasing Policy in place since 2002 that requires certain products, such as copy paper and business cards, to be purchased from recycled content.

Last updated: October 2015

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on a fleet procurement or fuel efficiency policies in Bridgeport, but the City’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes goals and actions to shift fleet to plug-in electric vehicles. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Through a United Illuminating program 83% of streetlight fixtures in Bridgeport have been upgraded to LEDs. We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Bridgeport has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on fleet procurement or fuel efficiency requirements policies adopted by the City. However, Buffalo’s Energy Master Plan includes actions to replace vehicles with high-efficiency and hybrid vehicles, but does not enact such a requirement. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Buffalo is preparing to convert all (approximately 32,000) street lights to LEDs. The cities street lights are currently owned by National Grid, the local investor owned utility. 

Green Buildings Requirements

We could not confirm if Buffalo has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Burlington has installed several electric-vehicle charging stations, but we do not know if they are available to the public.  We did not find information regarding fuel efficiency requirements for the municipal vehicle fleet and we did not find information regarding right-sizing policies or anti-idling policies. 

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding efficiency requirements for public outdoor lighting, but the city does have a goal in its climate action plan to replace all existing streetlights with LEDs.  All streetlights have photo sensors, so they only operate from dawn to dusk.

New Buildings and Equipment

We did not find information regarding energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings. Burlington has adopted an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Policy that requires the city to purchase products that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR certification when possible.

Last updated: October 2015

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Carrboro has purchased hybrids vehicles for its fleet in recent years, but we could not confirm if the town has formal fuel efficiency requirements or requirements for fuel-efficient vehicle types.  The town has adopted both a right-sizing policy and anti-idling policy for its fleet.  Carrboro does not have town-operated electric vehicle charging stations.

Public Lighting

Carrboro does not have efficiency requirements for public outdoor lighting, but the town has begun an outdoor replacement program and streetlights are scheduled to operate only when needed.

New Buildings and Equipment

While Carrboro does not have formal energy efficiency requirements for new municipal buildings, the town recently constructed its new fire station to LEED silver standards.  The town has built one new building since the first half of the 20th century, with one potential new building in the next decade; therefore, a broad building policy was not adopted.  Carrboro does not have a procurement policy that has provisions for energy efficiency.

Last updated: April 2014

Fleet Policies and Composition

Charlotte's Fleet and Motorized Equipment Asset Management Policy requires the city to “purchase, lease, or otherwise obtain the most energy efficient assets that meet the operational needs of the business unit or agency for which the assets are intended, consistent with its budgetary constraints.” Charlotte plans to revise the fleet policy to include a zero energy vehicles requirement. Additionally, the city aims to replace 20% of light-duty municipal vehicles with electric vehicles by 2020, and 100% by 2030. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Charlotte has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The city has a pilot LED project in Uptown Charlotte. 229 LED fixtures were installed in 2012. In addition, the city will now use LED fixtures for any new fixture installed. All streetlights have photo sensors, so they only operate from dawn to dusk.

Green Building Requirements 

Charlotte has a Policy for Sustainable Facilities, which has just been approved to include existing building renovations. A key element of the policy is to reduce energy use and carbon footprint. The policy states that all new city facilities and renovations of at least 5,000 square feet must “meet current State Statute (GS 143-135.37) energy consumption targets, which at the time of policy adoption are: new facility consumption calculation 30% below ASHRAE requirement, and major renovation consumption calculation 20% below ASHRAE requirement.” The policy also requires these buildings to complete a LEED checklist and requires any staff with facility construction or renovation project management responsibilities to be a LEED Green Associate or demonstrate an equivalent level of training.

Last updated: May 2017

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

While the fleet manager reviews vehicle purchase requests for vehicle fuel efficiency, we could not confirm if Charlottesville had enacted formal efficiency requirements for the city fleet.  In 2007, the city enacted an anti-idling policy for the municipal vehicle fleet.  Charlottesville has installed electric vehicle charging stations, but they are only for government vehicles.  

Public Lighting

An energy efficiency standard for public lighting is not in place, but Charlottesville has begun an outdoor lighting replacement program for publicly-owned lighting.  The city converted the majority of its traffic signals and streetlights to LEDs and is committed to continuing to do so going forward.  All streetlights have photo sensors, so they only operate from dawn to dusk.

New Buildings and Equipment

In September 2008, the Charlottesville City Council adopted a resolution requiring city construction projects to meet LEED standards, but we could not confirm if the requirement includes any additional specific standards for energy efficiency.  We also could not confirm if the city has energy efficiency provisions in its procurement policy.  

Last updated: October 2015

Fleet Policies and Composition

According to the 2015 Sustainable Chicago Action Plan, the city aims to reduce municipal fossil fuel consumption by 10%, replace 3% of on-road fleet vehicles with cleaner vehicles annually, and reduce the energy intensity of Chicago Transit Authority rail service by 12% from 2011 levels. Additionally, the City’s Fleet and Facilities Management (2FM) Department has a policy to increase the number of non-CPD (Chicago Police Department) leased light-duty vehicles to 366. This policy has reduced the size of the City’s light-duty fleet; lowered the average age of light-duty vehicles being used by the City; and reduced fuel use and maintenance expenses. This city monitors the use of its public fleet through the Fleet Center System, which incorporates GPS technology to increase public fleet efficiency. Additionally, the City has committed to electrifying 25% of its eligible passenger vehicle fleet by 2023 and has obtained a $15M Federal grant to assist in achieving this goal. As part of the City’s fleet electrification grant, it has federal funds to install 20 DC Fast Chargers and 80 Level 2 chargers at the airports.The Chicago Transit Authority has piloted 2 electric buses and awarded a contract for 20 new electric buses in June 2018. All 20 buses will be in service by 2020.

We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

The City of Chicago owns and operates all of the public outdoor lighting. Chicago is working on the procurement of a large scale lighting modernization project that will impact 85% of Chicago’s outdoor lights. The luminaire specification for all LED fixtures included in the Chicago Smart Light Program requires dimmable drivers and receptacles for 7-pin light control devices. The combination of a lighting management system and “smart luminaires” is projected to reduce lighting electric consumption by at least 60%. As of March 2019, the Chicago Smart Lighting Program (CSLP) has installed 100,000 new LED smart streetlight fixtures has part of the four-year modernization program. These upgrades account for about 37% of all streetlights in Chicago.

Green Building Requirements

The city requires LEED Silver certification for all new municipal buildings and significant renovations. Under the city’s Sustainable Development Policy, any projects receiving assistance or in a planned development zone must meet LEED Silver standards or better. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

The City’s Climate Action Plan and 100% Clean Fleet Policy 2008 state that any replacement vehicles must be high efficiency, hybrid, or alternative fuel vehicles. Currently, Chula Vista is constructing over 120 EV charging stations for fleet and employee use and has purchased 15 fully electric vehicles for city fleet. The City Council voted in November 2018 to acquire 34 new vehicles, including 14 all-electric and 20 plug-in hybrid electric models. The new vehicles replace aging, gasoline-powered cars and trucks that are less reliable and cost more to maintain.  This purchase is the city’s first to be made as part of the Climate Mayors EV Purchasing Collaborative, a program launched by 20 founding cities of which Chula Vista is one. The program enables the City of Chula Vista to purchase vehicles using competitively solicited contracts from other agencies that meet or exceed city requirements.   Chula Vista’s fleet is composed of 15.2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric.  

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring energy efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, Chula Vista has replaced all outdoor lighting with LED lights.

Green Building Requirements

The City Operations Sustainability Plan, approved by City Council, states that all new buildings over 10,000 square feet must be designed and constructed to meet enhanced green building standards.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Cincinnati does not have specific fuel efficiency requirements for the city fleet, but all city employees must take an Ecodriving Course designed to teach vehicles operators how to operate and maintain vehicles in a manner that improves vehicle fuel efficiency. As part of the Green Cincinnati Plan, the city is reviewing its entire fleet to determine if a vehicle is being used for the appropriate function and if it should continue to be used for that function, replaced, or is no longer needed. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Cincinnati has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Streetlights are scheduled for operation only when needed. The City has upgraded all city-owned and operated streetlights to LED technology through performance contracts.  

Green Building Requirements 

The Green Guidelines for the School Facility Master Plan require schools meet LEED standards, but we could not find energy efficiency requirements for other municipal buildings. Cincinnati’s procurement policy does not contain energy efficiency requirements. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Cleveland does not have a formal fleet procurement or fuel efficiency policy for its vehicle fleet. However, the City completed a comprehensive fleet analysis to identify opportunities for procurement of energy efficient and alternative fuel vehicles. Cleveland also joined the Climate Mayor’s Electric Vehicle Purchasing Collaboration.

Cleveland’s fleet is composed of 2.8% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Cleveland has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City of Cleveland Public Power (CPP) has begun a comprehensive upgrade of all 61,000 streetlights to LEDs to be completed by 2020. Through pilot programs, 1,000 streetlights were retrofitted to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements

The Sustainable Municipal Building Policy requires new municipal construction and major renovations to achieve LEED Silver standards and achieve energy efficiency levels 30% beyond ASHRAE 90.1. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Columbus has an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing policy that Fleet Management references for all purchases. Fleet Management ensures that energy efficient vehicles and equipment is purchased when available. The City has adopted its Green Fleet Action Plan and provides annual progress reports. The plan includes targets to reduce overall fuel use of the city fleet by 2% by 2014, reduce petroleum use by 5% by 2014, and purchase at least 50% "green" light-duty vehicles. It also integrates right-sizing of the fleet and promotion of the anti-idling policy. The plan tracks the City’s reduction in petroleum use. Since 2010, there has been a 27% decrease in use of petroleum.

Columbus’ fleet is composed of 5.0% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Columbus has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the City is in the process of implementing streetlight design guidelines. The City has also purchased LED streetlights luminaires that will be used to convert 40 smaller streetlight circuits in 2019. 

Green Building Requirements

The City of Columbus has a policy to meet or exceed LEED certification standards for all new City-owned facilities. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Dallas adopted a Clean Fleet Policy in 2012 (revised in 2015). The policy includes requirements for purchase of hybrid, plug-in hybrids, and CNG vehicles, as well as fuel efficiency standards for public fleet vehicles. The City also enacted an Anti-Idling policy in 2007 that limits idling for large vehicles to 5 minutes or less during critical Ozone seasons. Dallas’ fleet is composed of 3.3% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric.

Public Lighting

Dallas has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Dallas replaced 75 school zone flashers with solar powered LEDs and the Green Building ordinance has some energy efficiency measures and requirements for lighting cut-offs. 

Green Building Requirements 

Dalla's green building program requires all new municipal and city-funded buildings larger than 10,000 square feet be constructed to meet LEED Gold certification standards. The update also included additional requirements for water use reduction (20%) and optimizing energy performance (3 points, 1 point above mandatory certification minimum) for these facilities.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Per Executive Order 3 regarding the Motor Vehicle Program for the City and County of Denver, the Acquisition of all Fleet Vehicles is to be done in accordance with Executive Order 123  (EO 123).  EO 123 requires the purchase of hybrids and the most fuel-efficient vehicles available for the light duty fleet wherever cost and reliability are similar. Additionally, Mayor Michael B. Hancock committed the city during the Sustainable Denver Summit on November 14th, 2016 to purchase at least 200 plug-in electric vehicles within the public works and safety departments by the end of 2020. Denver’s fleet is composed of 7.0% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric. 

Public Lighting

Denver does not have a dedicated policy that approximates the Model Lighting Ordinance, but the Outdoor Lighting section in Div 10.7 of the Denver Zoning Code touches on some similar themes, including requiring full cutoff fixtures to reduce light spill into the night sky, as well as other provisions that are intended to reduce glare onto the public right-of-way and adjacent properties.  Streetlights are owned by the electric utility, Xcel Energy. Denver is continuing to work with Xcel to establish terms for a comprehensive LED replacement program for municipal street lights, piloting management methods and technology types. Denver has four  LED pilots testing different technologies including 3000 Kelvin temperature lights with dimming technology and low BUG ratings, is replacing each of its intersection street lights to LED whenever intersection work is done, is developing a city specification for LED streetlighting, and is conducting an audit of all street lights in the City and County of Denver.

Green Building Requirements 

Chapter 2 of Executive Order 123 requires all new city projects and major remodels to achieve LEED BD+C Gold certification, with a goal of achieving LEED Platinum, and to meet ENERGY STAR guidelines. Any entity using city bonding capacity must design and build to achieve LEED Gold certification. Additionally, municipal buildings are required to comply with the Green Building Ordinance. The Green Building Ordinance includes green building requirements such as green space installation, solar panel installation, Energy Program enrollment, or LEED Silver certification. After enrolling in the Energy Program a building has 5 years to achieve an ENERGY STAR score of 85, improve energy use intensity 10-15% above baseline, install solar panels, or purchase off-site solar power covering 100% of building electricity use. Buildings 25,000-50,000 square feet must improve EUI by 10%, those over 50,000 square feet must improve EUI by 15% in the program.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Detroit’s city code (Part 3 § 55-6-91) prohibits commercial vehicles weighing over 8,500 pounds from idling for more than five minutes except in case of emergency, but the city does not have an ant-idling policy for its municipal fleet. We did not find information regarding fuel efficiency requirements for its public fleet. The City aims to compose its vehicle fleet of 10% alternative fuel vehicles.

Public Lighting

Detroit is a partner of the DOE High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator whose aim is to demonstrate practical and effective best practices to accelerate the adoption of high-efficiency outdoor lighting and impost system-wide replacement processes at the municipal level. Detroit has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. In 2014, the Detroit converted all streetlights to 65,000 LED streetlights. This upgrade has saved the City nearly $3 million in electric bills and 40,000 tons of carbon a year.

Green Building Requirements

Detroit has not adopted a green building policy that requires municipal buildings to exceed city-wide codes or obtain green building certification. 

Last updated: March 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Dubuque has an anti-idling policy for municipal vehicles (Administrative Policy 7.02) and other policies to consolidate travel (Administrative Policy 7.07).  We did not find information regarding fuel efficiency requirements for the public fleet and we did not identify any city-operated electric vehicle charging stations.

Public Lighting

Current traffic lights standards require the use of LEDs at new or reconstructed intersections.  Streetlights are scheduled to operate only when they are needed.

New Buildings and Equipment

Dubuque does not have energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings and we did not find information regarding energy efficiency procurement policies.

Last updated: October 2013

Fleet Policies and Composition

The General Services Department (GSD) adopted a policy to purchase hybrid or alternative-fuel vehicles whenever those options are available for a given class of vehicles. The city has a goal to decrease the baseline number of fleet vehicles on the road by 20% from 2008 levels by 2015. As a vehicle is phased out or repaired, GSD reassesses the vehicle to make sure that it is the right size for the purpose. The city has also drafted an anti-idling policy for fleet vehicles and is educating new employees about anti-idling, right-sizing, carpooling, and driving efficiently. We were not able to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

El Paso is a partner in the DOE High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator whose aim is to demonstrate practical and effective best practices to accelerate the adoption of high-efficiency outdoor lighting and impose system-wide replacement processes at the municipal level. El Paso has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. As of September 2014, the city has converted 8,200 of its streetlights to LEDs and has begun a program to retrofit another 10,600 by June 2015. Outdoor lighting is scheduled so it operates only when needed.

Green Building Requirements

Through Ordinance No. 016911, the City adopted the Sustainable Development Design Standards for all new City buildings over 5,000 square feet to be designed, constructed, and built to a minimum LEED Silver Certification and all major renovations should include as many LEED principles as feasible. As of 2012, the Standards allow for the Green Globes rating system to be considered an alternative to LEED. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Fort Worth does not currently have a procurement policy for fleet vehicles, the City has taken steps to address greenhouse gas emissions associated with its fleet by purchasing hybrid, plug-in hybrid, electric, and alternative fuel vehicles, including tier 4-equipped off-road equipment. The City continues to participate actively in North Central Texas Council of Governments’ transportation programming, including the adoption of a Clean Fleet Vehicle Policy and partnering with Dallas-Fort Worth Clean Cities

Fort Worth’s fleet is composed of 1.2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Fort Worth has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the City required all LED fixtures to have a standard 7-pin receptacle so that light output can be adjusted. The City’s streetlight maintenance program replaces burned out streetlight fixtures with new LEDs. Of Fort Worth’s 63,352 streetlights, 18,169 are LEDs, accounting for 29.4% of the total system. Fort Worth continues to plan for future LED upgrade projects.

Green Building Requirements

Fort Worth does not have a formal green building policy, but Fort Worth’s Action Plan calls for a policy requiring new city buildings to be at least LEED Silver–certified and significantly renovated city buildings to be at least LEED EB Silver-certified when the certification cost does not exceed 5% of the construction or renovation costs. While the city does have these guidelines, it does not pursue the actual LEED certification. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Grand Rapids does not have a formal fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirement. The City’s fleet is composed of 10.6% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Grand Rapids Outdoor Lighting Ordinance includes provisions of the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance and requires LEDs to use intelligent lighting controls. The City is planning for a system-wide light conversion to LEDs and currently 5% of streetlights are upgraded. Grand Rapids no longer installs HPS fixtures.  

Green Building Requirements 

The Sustainability Policy for City Buildings states that new municipal building construction and renovation projects shall include appropriate LEED principles.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information regarding a fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, Hartford’s Climate Action Plan lists converting municipal fleet passenger cars to more efficient vehicles as a goal. 

Public Lighting

In the Zoning Regulations, which includes International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance considerations,  requires that all new and replacement outdoor light fixtures “shall be directed downward and the illumination confined to necessary or useful areas” and requires that all lights be shielded. These regulations prohibit the use of incandescent and halogen lamps for outdoor lighting. Hartford has worked with Eversource and the Department of Energy and Environmental protection to replace all streetlights with LED fixtures. Installation has begun and is 50% complete. 

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Hartford has a green building policy for municipal buildings, but the City lists improving energy efficiency of public buildings as a key goal in the Climate Action Plan

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on Henderson’s fuel efficiency requirements or fleet procurement policies. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We were unable to find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Henderson has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Henderson has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green certification. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

The City and County of Honolulu adopted a Fleet Procurement Policy, which prioritizes the purchase of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, electric, and alternative fuel vehicles. Honolulu does not have a fuel efficiency requirement for public fleet, but it plans to shift its entire fleet to renewable resources by 2035 and procure only zero emission buses after 2025.

Honolulu’s fleet is composed of  0.9% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Honolulu has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. In 2018, Honolulu began the conversion of all 53,500 streetlights to LED fixtures. As of December, 2018, the City had completed 60% of the project. The upgrades are expected to use 60% less energy, equivalent to eliminating 14,400 tons of greenhouse gases each year and save $5 million annually.

Green Building Requirements

Honolulu requires city facilities that are larger than 5,000 square feet to comply with LEED Silver. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on Houston’s fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. Houston’s fleet is composed of 6.7% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric.

Public Lighting

Houston has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance, however the city’s streetlights have photo sensors, so they only operate when needed. Houston and CenterPoint Energy have converted 169,045 streetlights to LEDs, accounting for approximately 95% of the city’s streetlights. 

Green Building Requirements

The City of Houston’s Green Building Resolution, adopted by City Council on June 23, 2004, sets a target of LEED Silver certification for new construction, replacement facilities, and major renovations of city-owned or -funded buildings and facilities with more than 10,000 square feet of occupied space.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Executive Order 6 of 2012 calls for all new city vehicles to be electric/hybrid, with the exception of police vehicles, and for the entire fleet to be converted by 2025. The City of Indianapolis’ provider of public transportation (IndyGo) is in the process of electrifying significant parts of the bus fleet. Indianapolis' fleet is composed of 8% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Indianapolis has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, under the 2015 City of Indianapolis Consolidated Zone/Subdivision Ordinance, Section 744 Article VI provides updated lighting standards including cutoff fixtures, photoelectric switch, motion sensor control, or astronomic time switch. Indianapolis is partnering with IPL on a street light conversion program. Approximately 17% of city-operated streetlights have been upgraded to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements 

As part of the drafted Thrive Indianapolis plan, the City has committed to ensuring all new municipally owned buildings are built to LEED certified standards. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Infrastructure

Executive Order 2008-3 established a policy that light-duty vehicles in need of replacement be replaced with hybrids or alternative-fuel vehicles, or the most fuel-efficient and least-polluting vehicles available, whenever cost and reliability are similar to traditional vehicles. Jacksonville does not have any other fuel efficiency requirements for its vehicle fleet. The executive order also established an anti-idling policy for the city fleet. Jacksonville is currently developing a right-sizing policy for their fleet as well, but it is not yet in place. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Jacksonville has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. JEA, the municipal electric and water utility, is in the process of conducting a study to determine the feasibility of LED outdoor lighting for the City of Jacksonville.

Green Building Requirements

Executive Order 2008-3 states that all applicable new city buildings and major renovations should be built and certified to the appropriate LEED standards and achieve ENERGY STAR certification. The order also states that existing buildings should incorporate all appropriate LEED-EB principles into facility operation and maintenance. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Kansas City began developing a new fleet administrative regulation in 2018. The regulation states that the City will purchase alternative fuel vehicles when available to displace conventionally fueled vehicles. When conventionally fueled vehicles must be purchased, the City will use idle-reduction and speed limiting technologies to reduce fuel consumption. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Kansas City has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, there are outdoor lighting standards in place intended to protect the public health and general welfare by controlling the adverse impacts of glare and light trespass associated with poorly shielded or inappropriately directed lighting fixtures. Although Kansas City does not have a written policy for outdoor lighting replacement or upgrade, the City has converted one hundred percent (100%) of Traffic Signals to LED. The City is now working on street light conversion to LED. Streetlights are scheduled, so they only operate when needed.

Green Building Requirements 

In accordance with Ordinance 110235, all new municipal facilities and renovations impacting over 5,000 square feet of municipal space are required to meet LEED Gold standards. Kansas City’s current procurement policy does not contain energy efficiency requirements.

Last updated: June 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Knoxville’s Green Fleet Policy requires the city to consider vehicle fuel efficiency when making purchases.  Right-sizing and anti-idling provisions for the municipal fleet are also included in the Green Fleet Policy.  The city has installed 24 electric-vehicle charging stations that are also open to the public.

Public Lighting

Knoxville has an agreement with the Knoxville Utilities Board (KUB) that streetlighting retrofits and new construction include LEDs.  All of the city’s traffic lights have been retrofitted with LEDs. Streetlights are scheduled to operate for only the hours needed.

New Buildings and Equipment

Knoxville’s building construction policy requires all new municipal construction to meet ENERGY STAR or LEED certification. Knoxville developed the Green Purchasing Guide, which city government must adhere to, that recommends buying sustainable products when feasible and fiscally prudent.

Last updated: October 2015

Fleet Policies and Composition

Knoxville’s Green Fleet Policy requires the City to consider fuel efficiency when purchasing new vehicles. The Green Fleet Policy was developed in 2011. Knoxville’s fleet is composed of 0.1% efficient vehicles and included hybrid vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Knoxville has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City is currently retrofitting all 29,500+ streetlights to LED. Approximately 60% have been converted as of April 2019. The project is expected to be completed by the end of 2019.

Green Building Requirements

Knoxville’s building construction policy requires all new municipal buildings to meet ENERGY STAR or LEED certification.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

Las Vegas does not have fuel efficiency requirements for the public fleet. The city does not have a formal energy-efficient vehicle procurement policy and it does not employ technologies to increase public fleet efficiency. The City’s fleet is composed of 12% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Las Vegas as adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the city has adopted regional standards set forth by the Regional Transportation Commission, which mirror the industry American National Standards Institute/Illuminating Engineering Society of North American (ANSI/IESNA) to upgrade nearly 80% of its streetlight inventory to LED. Currently, 80% of city streetlights are LED. The remaining 20% will be replaced within the next 3 years.

Green Building Requirements

As a part of the Green Building Resolution, adopted by the city council in 2006, the city constructs and upgrades all new or existing facilities to LEED Silver standards. In addition, 25% of existing occupied City buildings and facilities are to be upgraded to meet LEED standards. 

Last updated: June 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Lawrence does not have a vehicle procurement policy that includes energy efficiency requirements, but the city does have installed GPS units in vehicles to improve efficiency in routing.  Lawrence installed one electric-vehicle charging station that can also be used by the public. 

Public Lighting

Lawrence does not have efficiency requirements for public outdoor lighting, but the city has converted all of traffic lights to LEDs and has added LEDs sidewalk lights.  Streetlights are scheduled to operate only when they are needed.

New Buildings and Equipment

Lawrence does not have energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings.  The City Manager’s Office and the Finance Department are in the process of re-writing the city’s environmental procurement policy to incorporate energy-efficiency products.  

Last updated: October 2015

Fleet Policies and Composition

The City approved its Battery Electric Vehicle and Infrastructure Policy in May 2018. The policy states that conventionally fueled light-duty vehicles will be replaces by battery electric vehicles whenever possible for all departments and offices. Long Beach’s fleet is composed of 17.0% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting 

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Long Beach is in the process of upgrading all 26,000 streetlights to LEDs by June 2019. Currently, 81% (approximately 21,000 lights) have been converted. 

Green Building Requirements

Long Beach adopted a Green Building Policy for Municipal Buildings in 2003, which states that all new government buildings must meet LEED standard.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Los Angeles has a policy, started in 2007, to replace fleet vehicles with the most efficient vehicles available at the time of purchase. As of 2014, 87% of the light duty fleet was hybrid or EV. As part of the Los Angeles Clean Cities Program, the city committed to increasing its fleet of alternative fuel vehicles by an average of 15% each year. Additionally, the City has a requirement that 50% of all new light duty vehicle purchases be full battery electric vehicles (BEVs). This requirement was to begin in 2017 but was met a year early in 2016. The other 50% may be regular hybrids, but departments are encouraged to get plug in hybrids. The 2025 goal is for 80% of all new procurement to be full BEV. Moreover, most of the city fleets take advantage of some variety of telematics with GPS integrated into the vehicle in order to increase their efficiency. Los Angeles’ fleet is composed of 18.2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Los Angeles has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the City’s Bureau of Street Lighting has been replacing streetlights with LEDs and light sensors since 2008 through the LED Streetlight Replacement Program. Currently, 90% of streetlights have been converted in the city.

Green Building Requirements 

The 2009 Green Building Ordinance (Ordinance 180633) requires public buildings of more than 7,500 square feet or those built prior to 1978 to be retrofitted to meet LEED Silver requirements. The city also adopted an environmentally preferable purchasing policy (Ordinance 180751), which includes an energy efficiency consideration. New municipal facilities are routinely built to LEED Gold or Platinum. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on a Louisville’s fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. Louisville’s fleet is composed of 1.7% efficient vehicles including hybrid and battery electric.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Louisville has a streetlight upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

Louisville does not have currently have energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings or efficiency requirements in the city’s procurement policy.

Last updated: March 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Madison’s Policy for the Acquisition of Energy Efficient and Safe Vehicles details energy efficiency requirements for future fleet purchases.  The policy also includes right-sizing and anti-idling policies within the policy.  Madison has worked with MGE to install ten electric-vehicle charging stations in city parks and parking ramps.

Public Lighting

We did not have find information regarding efficiency requirements for public outdoor lighting, but Madison has retrofitted parking lots and some streetlights (those not owned by the local utility).  Streetlight do have photo sensors so they only operate when necessary.

New Buildings and Equipment

The Madison Common Council passed a resolution that requires all new and remodeled buildings to meet LEED Silver standards and the city’s Design Guidelines emphasize energy efficiency.  Madison’s Policy for the Procurement & Disposal of Electronic Products and Policy for the Purchase of Printers, Faxes, Copiers, Paper, and Toner both require the city to take energy efficiency into account when making purchases.      

Last updated: October 2013

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on McAllen’s fleet procurement policies or fuel efficiency requirements. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if McAllen has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if McAllen has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Memphis is considering policies and strategies for transitioning to a more efficient, cleaner fleet with an increased number of electric and alternative fuel vehicles. The City’s fleet is composed of 3.0% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Memphis has not yet adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Streetlights are operated by the local electricity utility, MLGW, and are scheduled to operate only during the hours when they are needed. There are currently no programs for outdoor lighting replacement in this city.

Green Building Requirements

We were unable to find information regarding the adoption of a green building policy in Memphis, but the City is currently considering a green building policy for municipal buildings as part of the climate action planning process. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on Mesa’s fleet procurement policies or fuel efficiency requirements. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We did not find information regarding outdoor lighting update programs. Mesa uses LED streetlights for all new projects.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Mesa has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Miami’s Green Fleet Ordinance (City Code Section 22.5) requires fuel efficiency to be considered during city vehicle purchases. The policy also calls for optimizing fleet size by eliminating unnecessary vehicles. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Miami has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. In coordination with Florida Power & Light, the City has implemented an ongoing LED Street Light Conversion Program. In 2018, the Department of Resilience and Public Works selected specific boundaries within each District to begin the conversion from high pressure sodium to LED lights. As of March 2019, approximately 20% of lights have been converted to LED.

Green Building Requirement

Per the Miami 21 Zoning Code (Section 3.13.1), buildings over 50,000 square feet are required to achieve LEED Silver certification. In 2008, the city passed a green purchasing ordinance for all city departments that requires products to meet ENERGY STAR guidelines.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Milwaukee has 46 hybrid passenger vehicles in its fleet and is planning to add more hybrid vehicles, but we could not confirm if the local government has fuel efficiency requirement in place for its public fleet. City staff who do not need much equipment drive compact vehicles, many of which are hybrid and compressed natural gas vehicles. This city has no energy-efficient vehicle procurement policy in place. We could not confirm if this city uses web-based tools or GPS technologies to increase public fleet efficiency.

We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Milwaukee has not yet adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Although there is no formal replacement program in place, Milwaukee has replaced 2% of their streetlights with LEDs. The city won a $10,000 award from the Wisconsin State Energy Office to install 54 LED streetlights which will replace the HPS currently in use. Streetlights are timed to operate only when necessary.

Green Building Requirements

Milwaukee does not have energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings. The city requires ENERGY STAR for new appliance purchases.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Minneapolis does not have formal fuel efficiency requirements for its vehicles or energy-efficient vehicle procurement policies in place. However, the Green Fleet Policy requires the city to make every effort to obtain the vehicles that are the most efficient and emit the lowest levels of pollutants possible as measured by available emissions certification standards and standards published by manufacturers. The City’s fleet is composed of 3.4% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Minneapolis has adopted a Street Light Policy standard that requires full cutoff fixtures and complies with the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City of Minneapolis owns and maintains approximately 18,000 streetlights, and Xcel Energy owns and maintains the remaining approximately 24,200 street lights. As of April 2019, 44% of the City-owned streetlights and 90% of the Xcel Energy-owned streetlights have been replaced with LEDs, adding up to approximately 70% of all Minneapolis streetlights. Most streetlights operate on photo sensors.

Green Building Requirements

Resolution 2006R-381 calls for the city to utilize LEED standards in the planning, design, construction, and commissioning of municipal facilities financed by the city and utilized by the city’s charter departments. All new or significantly renovated municipal facilities (financed by the City of Minneapolis and utilized by the city’s Charter Departments) of 5,000 square feet or greater must be built to a LEED Silver standards with emphasis in LEED points in the category of Energy and Atmosphere. Requirements do not apply to publicly funded projects.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Metro Nashville does not have formal fuel efficiency requirements for their vehicles or energy-efficient vehicle procurement policies in place. Nashville’s fleet is composed of 4.8% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Nashville has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Nashville has partnered with Nashville Electric Service to pilot LED fixtures from several manufacturers.  The city has also installed LED pedestrian streetlights, traffic signals and way finding kiosks throughout the city.   

Green Building Requirements

As per the Metro LEED Ordinance, Nashville requires all new and renovations of public projects 5,000 square feet or greater to be built to LEED Silver certification, and all city-funded construction projects to complete a LEED scorecard. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on a formal fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, New Haven lists in its Climate and Sustainability Framework a goal to improve vehicle efficiency through implementing an ordinance to require the municipal vehicle fleet to meet a municipal efficiency of 30 mpg. We were unable to find data regarding New Haven’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if New Haven has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if New Haven has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

New Orleans does not have fuel efficiency requirements or procurement policies for the municipal fleet. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if New Orleans has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. New Orleans has begun an outdoor lighting replacement program for publicly-owned lighting and has replaced more than 75% of its streetlights. All streetlights have photo sensors, so they only operate from dawn to dusk. 

Green Building Requirements

New Orleans does not have energy efficiency or green building requirements for public buildings. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

New York City has legislated fuel efficiency for public fleet vehicles, Local Law 38 of 2005 requires that the most fuel efficient vehicles in class for light and medium duty units be purchased; Local Law 76 of 2013 requires the City to achieve specific benchmarks in improving the fuel economy of City owned vehicles;  Local Law 73 of 2013 requires that biodiesel be used in City fleet trucks and also that the City retrofit or replace fleet trucks without diesel particulate filters; and Local Law 75 of 2013 requires the City to report on actual fuel economy for City vehicles, as opposed to the manufacturer’s list fuel economy.   Additionally, as part of the NYC Clean Fleet initiative to reduce GHG emissions by 50% by 2025, this city is planned to operate the largest EV fleet in the country at 2,000+ vehicles. The city has already purchased over 500 EV municipal vehicles. Furthermore, this city implemented a Clean Fleet Transition Policy (CFTP) as part of its published Fleet Management Manual and rules.  The CFTP requires that all vehicle replacements be as or more fuel efficient than the vehicle they will replace and that the Chief Fleet Officer approves any requests to replace any vehicle with a less fuel efficient version. The City now operates over 1,750 on-road electric vehicles, the largest network for any municipal government. Light-duty fleet vehicles purchased during the most recent fiscal year achieved an average fuel economy equivalent of 100 miles per gallon. New York City's municipal fleet is composed of 22.9% efficiency vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric. 

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if New York City has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the city publishes a Street Design Manual, which includes a Lighting Catalogue, outlining options for both new and replacement street and pedestrian lighting for New York City. Additionally, the City of New York provides significant funding for lighting upgrades, including occupancy sensors, daylighting and other controls at City buildings.  To date over $63 million has been allocated for lighting-related upgrades at municipal buildings. The Department of Transportation is currently retrofitting all of New York City's street lights with LEDs. New York City has upgraded at least 70% of streetlights to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements

New York City’s Local Laws 31 and 32 of 2016 require that projects receiving more than $2 million in city funding achieve LEED Gold certification. The building requirements apply to new construction, building additions, and substantial reconstructions of existing buildings for all city-funded projects. Local Law 119 of 2005 requires the city to follow Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) standards of energy efficiency in the use and acquisition of energy-using products including those with an ENERGY STAR label.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find a current procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, in the Sustainability Action Plan, the City highlights the prioritization of GHG emissions reduction in fleet management as possible policy changes, as well as an increased focus on fuel efficiency and electric vehicle use. 

Public Lighting 

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Newark has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

Newark requires new construction for municipal buildings to achieve LEED-New Construction ratings and major renovations much reach LEED-Exiting Buildings ratings.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Oakland adopted the Green Fleet Resolution of 2003 which details commitments to address the operation, procurement and management of fleet vehicles in order to improve efficiency. Oakland’s Energy and Climate Action Plan sets a goal to achieve a 36% reduction in city-related fuel consumption by 2020. Oakland’s fleet is composed of 12.4% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicle.

Public Lighting

Oakland’s Outdoor Lighting Standards require good lighting design and energy efficiency. The guidelines are in accordance with the Illumination Engineering Society’s lighting guidelines for all facilities. 95% of Oakland’s streetlights have been converted to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements

The City's Green Building Ordinance requires LEED silver certification for all new municipal buildings. Additionally, Oakland's environmental preferable purchasing policy requires purchases of energy-efficient equipment with the most up-to-date energy efficiency functions.

Updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Oklahoma City does not have formal fuel efficiency requirements for their vehicles or energy-efficient vehicle procurement policies in place. However, this city has vehicle purchasing guidelines that promote cost-effectiveness, fuel efficiency, and low emissions. This city has a web based fleet management system, however they are used for telematics, routing, and fencing, not to improve efficiency per se. Oklahoma City’s fleet is composed of 0.9% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Oklahoma City has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City is currently working with their investor-owned utility, Oklahoma Gas and Electric Co. (OG&E) to develop a plan to upgrade streetlights.

Green Building Requirements

Oklahoma does not have energy efficiency requirements for public buildings, however, the city does have a sustainable purchasing policy that requires life cycle costs for purchases.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on Omaha’s fleet procurement policies or fuel efficiency requirements. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting 

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Omaha has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Omaha has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification. 

Fleet Policies and Composition

As part of the Energy Secure Cities Coalition (ESCC), the City of Orlando has made a commitment to transition 100% of city fleet vehicles to alternative fuels by 2030. Since 2013, the city has worked to increase the percentage of fleet vehicles with some form of alternative fuel, including an all-electric city motor pool at City Hall and electric motorcycles for the Orlando Police Department. By 2020, we will have purchased 220 of electric vehicles, 5.5% of total city fleet converted to EVs. By 2025, this will increase to 440 EVs or 11.5% of fleet total. We also have the goal to convert 10% of buses to electric by 2020. Additionally, the 10-acre fleet and facilities compound where these vehicles are serviced will be net-zero by 2019 vehicles are serviced will be net-zero by 2019.

Currently, Orlando’s fleet is composed of 7.2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Orlando passed a lighting ordinance in 2014 for public outdoor lighting. As an alternative to the development standard, lighting that conforms to the Joint International Dark-Sky Association and Illuminating Engineering Society Model Lighting Ordinance is also acceptable. Orlando has also installed over 20,000 LED streetlight in the city in collaboration with the utility, Orlando Utilities Commission. There are no formal efficiency-driven lighting replacement programs in this city, however some lighting replacements are being prioritized as part of its 7-year payback period equipment upgrading policy.

Green Building Requirements

Through Orlando’s Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan, all new municipal buildings must achieve LEED Gold certification. 

Last updated: June 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Park City has a policy to review fleet vehicle purchases with the following categories in mind: fuel efficiency, emissions, upfront and lifecycle costs, safety, and operational need.  City staff has developed a tool that uses data from fueleconomy.gov to determine the most appropriate choice in each vehicle class.  Park City also has an anti-idling policy for the municipal vehicle fleet and the same policy dictates that managers are responsible for ensuring efficient driving practices are used by employees.  We did not identify any city-operated electric vehicle charging stations.

Public Lighting

Park City does not have efficiency requirements for public outdoor lighting, but city staff incorporates energy efficient lighting (including LEDs) into lighting replacement and new fixture projects.  Outdoor public lighting in main corridors is operated via a photo sensor so it only operates when needed.

New Buildings and Equipment

Municipal buildings as well as city-funded and managed projects must meet the requirements of the city’s green building policy, but we could not find information indicating that any additional specific standards for energy efficiency are included in the policy.  Park City’s internal purchasing policy requires the city to purchase products and equipment that meet ENERGY STAR certification when possible.

Last updated: October 2015

Fleet Policies and Composition

According to Greenworks, Philadelphia has a goal to increase fuel efficiency generally in its fleet. The city replaced 70% of the police fleet with more fuel-efficient vehicles in 2009 and 2010. The city has reduced its vehicle fleet by 500 vehicles since Greenworks was first established in 2009. The Office of Fleet Management (OFM) is leading efforts to align the City’s Fleet with our clean energy goals by purchasing 17 electric vehicles for the Police Department in 2017 and issuing a bid for a mobile solar charging station in August 2018. OFM and the Office of Sustainability received a Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection grant in spring 2018 to assess options for developing a clean vehicle fleet, and expects to issue a plan for this transition in 2019. Philadelphia’s fleet is composed of 3.7% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Philadelphia has not yet adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Outdoor lighting is scheduled. The City currently replaces broken or non-functioning streetlights with LEDs, which account for 2.5% of streetlights. Philadelphia and PECO are exploring a partnership to expedite the citywide deployment of LED lighting to improve efficiency and public safety. PECO recently filed a rate case to expedite lighting upgrades.

Green Building Requirements 

In December 2009, the city council passed Bill No. 080025 which calls for new construction and major renovations of more than 10,000 square feet of city government buildings to be certified as LEED Silver. To emphasize energy efficiency, the ordinance requires that projects be designed and constructed to use at least 20% less energy than code-compliant structures. Philadelphia is pursuing a comprehensive municipal green building management and upgrade policy as part of the Municipal Energy Master Plan.

Last updated: June 2019

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Phoenix’s Sustainable Fleet Strategy provides direction to reduce fuel usage and GHGs in the city fleet. The Sustainable Fleet Strategy’s goals include reaching 65% of fleet being clean or alternative fuel vehicles by 2020. The City also was a founding partner with launching the DriveEVFleets.org where Phoenix and other cities are able to buy new EVs at discounted pricing. The City uses the Environmental Protection Agencies (EPA) SmartWay Vehicle program when purchasing light duty vehicle (EPA's SmartWay program certifies the top 20% lowest-emitting cars and trucks for each model year). Phoenix’s fleet is composed of 1.9% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Phoenix has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City replaced 100% of its traffic signals with LEDs by the end of 2017 and is in the process of upgrading all of its streetlights to LED in 2019. Phoenix’s replacement project will upgrade 100,000 streetlights, making it the largest LED streetlight project in the country. 

Green Building Requirements

Phoenix’s building standards were revised in 2006 to include additional energy-related standards for city-funded projects and LEED certification, urban heat island reduction, 50% less water in landscaping, 20% less water in interiors, and 30% less overall energy. In 2016, the city adopted a long term goal where all new construction is net-positive in terms of energy and materials by 2050. The City of Phoenix was certified under the USGBC’s LEED for Cities program as LEED Platinum. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Pittsburgh’s Fleet Acquisition Agency has a Green Vehicle Purchasing Policy since 2008.  This policy specifies that when purchasing a public fleet vehicle, the Board of Directors of the Equipment Leasing Authority shall require that all new vehicles and accessory equipment purchased for municipal use be the safest, most fuel-efficient and “green” vehicle in the applicable class required for the job. Pittsburgh’s fleet is composed of 1.8% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Pittsburgh adopted an ordinance in 2011 that requires efficient outdoor lighting and includes cut-off, uplight, and glare specifications. Additionally, in 2014 changes to the lighting code were made to allow the placement of LEDs in parking garages.  During the first phase of their LED installation program , the city purchased and installed 3,500 new LED streetlights in the business corridor and city operated athletic fields, the second phase of this program has already started and it is planned to finish with the remaining 36,500 lighting replacements in residential corridors. The lighting includes controls to activate and deactivate lighting as needed.

Green Building Requirements

The city requires that all publicly financed development of more than $2 million or 10,000 square feet or renovations totaling more than $2 million to attain a minimum of LEED Silver rating. The city uses environmentally preferable purchasing guidelines, which include energy efficiency stipulations.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Portland has enacted several policies to encourage efficient vehicle procurement and operation. The city’s fleet service has a policy of purchasing the most efficient vehicle that meets work requirements. The city has also set a goal to convert 20% of the city’s fleet to electric vehicles by 2030. As of July 2016, 20% of EV-eligible vehicles were electric.  Additionally, The City of Portland currently utilizes onboard fuel system telematics and has GPS installed on over 600 vehicles to improve efficiency in their use. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Portland has not yet adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the standard practice in this city has been to install photo-electric relay for all street lights that turn off the lights when sufficient day light is available. Portland's 1990 Energy Policy established the requirement to implement energy measures with simple paybacks of ten years or less, which has led to various roadway and traffic lighting retrofits. Conversion of all Portland streetlights to LEDs is now underway; 41,000 cobra head street lights, approximately 75% of the total number, have been successfully converted. Portland is also a founding member of the DOE-sponsored Municipal Solid State Lighting Consortium to exchange technical data, design, product research, and pricing of LEDs among city owned streetlight systems. Streetlights are activated via photo sensors so they only operate from dawn to dusk. 

Green Building Requirements

In accordance with the Green Building Policy, new City-owned buildings are require to be registered and certified for LEED BD+C at the Gold level and/or achieve Living Building Challenge status.  Additionally, existing, city-owned, and occupied buildings are required to achieve to achieve LEED-EB Silver, and all tenant improvements or leased facilties must achieve LEED for Commercial Interiors at the Silver rating and/ G/Rated Tenant Improvement Guide certification. The LEED certifications require 15% energy savings beyond the applicable Oregon Energy Efficiency Specialty Code. The city's Sustainable Procurement Policy calls for the city to procure products that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR criteria for energy efficiency where available. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

In accordance with the City Code (Chapter II, Article I, Sec. 2-12), when the city purchases motor vehicles for its municipal operations, each vehicle purchased must be the most fuel-efficient model available that will fulfill the intended municipal function. In 2019, the City will be launching an EV pilot with the procurement of up to six new electric vehicles to incorporate into its fleet, as well as the installation of EV charging infrastructure at the central fleet garage. Based on the results of this pilot, the City plans to expand EV procurement to the rest of the fleet. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Providence has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The City of Providence purchased its roadway lighting in February 2016 from the Utility, National Grid and hired a third party to retrofit the entire system, including floodlighting, to LED technology, and incorporate open-portal controls for dimming. Currently, the City’s new LED streetlighting and controls management company remotely dims about half of the City’s streetlighting by 40% late night to early morning. New recent guidelines enacted by the RI Public Utilities Commission (RIPUC) will allow the City to expand that to 50% dimming for six hours (11pm-5am). All streetlights have photo sensors, so they only operate from dawn to dusk.

Green Building Requirements 

In accordance with state law (§ 37-24-4), all major facilities projects of public agencies shall be designed and constructed to at least the LEED-, LEED for Neighborhood Development-, and SITES-certified. Rhode Island Department of Education (RIDE) regulations for new building construction mandate that projects shall comply with all requirements set forth in the most recent Northeast Collaborative for High Performance Schools Protocol (Northeast-CHPS) so that approved projects provide high quality learning environments, conserve natural resources, consume less energy, are easier to maintain, and provide an enhanced school facility.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

In 2007, Raleigh City Council established a goal of reducing fossil fuel consumption by 20 percent from 2006 levels for the city fleet. The City of Raleigh’s policy on purchasing energy efficient vehicles is noted in the City’s Operating Budget Manual. The policy states that the City will purchase of lease the most energy efficient vehicles possible. Approximately 30% of the city’s public fleet is equipped with GPS technology to increase efficiency in its use. Raleigh’s fleet is composed of 6.6% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Raleigh has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the city has established light and noise pollution controls that seek to minimize light pollution, glare, light trespass; conserve energy and resources while maintaining night time safety, utility, security, and productivity; and curtail the degradation of the night-time visual environment. In 2015 the city partnered with Duke Energy Progress to replace approximately 30,000 streetlights within city limits and install energy-saving LED fixtures in their place. Approximately 85% of Raleigh’s streetlights have been converted.

Green Building Requirements 

The City Council adopted as policy the Environmental Advisory Board's recommendations on LEED (or the equivalent) certification for municipal buildings on May 20, 2008. The policy states the following: New Construction (1) All new City of Raleigh construction and additions encompassing 10,000 gross square feet or more of building area should achieve a Silver level certification of the US Green Building Council's LEED Green Building Rating System for New Construction (LEED-NC). A higher equivalent rating (Gold or Platinum) should be sought where practical and as funding is available. (2) All City of Raleigh construction and additions encompassing less than 10,000 square feet of building area would not seek LEED Silver level.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on a procurement policy or fuel efficient requirements. However, the Master Plan noted that the city would consider the adoption of a sustainable procurement guidelines, including City fleet vehicles. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition. 

Public Lighting 

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Reno has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Reno has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy code or obtain green buildings certification. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Richmond does not have efficiency requirements for the city fleet, but the city is developing a clean fleet transition plan to move its fleet to lower/zero emission vehicles starting with passenger and light duty vehicles. Richmond’s fleet is composed of 0.1% efficient vehicles, which includes battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Richmond has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, all streetlights in Richmond have photo sensors and only operate from dusk to dawn. Richmond’s Streetlight Utility operates and maintains approximately 37,000 city-owned streetlights. The City has begun a multi-year process to upgrade lights to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements

In accordance with Richmond’s City Council Resolution 2015-R008-15, all new and renovated municipal buildings over 10,000 square feet are required to meet LEED Silver standards. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

Riverside’s Green Action Plan targets a 5% reduction in mobile source pollution by 2020 and increase the number of clean fleet vehicles to at least 60%. Riverside regularly purchases alternative fuel vehicles. The City’s fleet is composed of 12% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Riverside’s City Council adopted an Outdoor Lighting Ordinance that complies with the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The ordinance became effective in December 2018. The City has begun upgrading all streetlights to LEDs. Currently, 5% of lights have been upgraded and the project is expected to be completed by mid-2020.

Green Building Requirements 

Riverside’s does not have a LEED requirement municipal facilities, however, the city does strive to meet minimum LEED requirements without going through the formal LEED certification process. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

We could not confirm if Rochester has a fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, the City is adding electric vehicles to its fleet and will continue to replace decommissioned vehicles with more efficient vehicles. Rochester is a part of the Electric Vehicles Purchasing Collaborative. Rochester’s fleet is composed of 2.9% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Rochester has an outdoor lighting upgrade program. Rochester has completed LED upgrades in 4,000 street lights and 28 municipal buildings. The City expects to complete additional LED upgrades in 9,500 street lights and 20 municipal buildings by 2020 to reach this goal.

Green Building Requirements

We did not confirm if Rochester has adopted a policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Sacramento’s City Fleet Sustainability Policy was updated in December 2017 to include a 50% alternative fuel goal and zero-emission vehicle commitments. In December 2017, Sacramento City Council adopted an Electric Vehicle Strategy, which sets targets for transportation electrification by 2025, including 75,000 zero-emission vehicles. The 2007 Sustainability Master Plan established a goal of reducing energy use in local government operations to 25% below 2005 levels by 2030. The Climate Action Plan, adopted February 14, 2012, established goals of reducing local government greenhouse gas emissions 22% below 2005 levels by 2020, 49% by 2035, and 83% by 2050. These goals have been adopted into the city’s 2035 General Plan.  We could not confirm Sacramento’s fleet composition.

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Sacramento has installed LEDs in all traffic signals. The City has upgraded approximately one-third of the streetlights to LEDs and are planning to complete the rest in the near future, which will save 11 million KWF annually.

Green Building Requirements 

In 2004, the City Council adopted a resolution establishing goals for all new and remodeled City facilities to meet a minimum LEED Silver standard. Since the policy was adopted, six new city facilities were designed and constructed between 2005 and 2010, all of which achieved LEED Silver or Gold certification by the US Green Building Council. All six have also exceeded California Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards by at least 20 percent or more. The City received the Green California Leadership Award in 2011 for these certifications. The City’s 2035 General Plan Land Use Policy LU 8.1.5 reiterates the City’s ongoing commitment that new or renovated City-owned buildings are energy efficient and meet, as appropriate, LEED Silver or equivalent standards.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We were unable to find information on the adoption of a fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements in Saint Paul. Saint Paul’s fleet is composed of 1% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.  

Public Lighting

Saint Paul has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, all streetlights in Saint Paul are controlled by optical sensors that extinguish when sufficient light is available. Through Saint Paul’s outdoor lighting replacement and upgrade program, 25.5% of lights have been converted to LEDs. 

Green Building Requirements

Saint Paul Ordinance Ch. 81 Sustainable Building for municipal buildings and private development receiving more than $200,000 in public investment requires all new construction and major renovations to comply with either LEED Silver, MN B3, Enterprise Green Communities, or Green Star.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

Salt Lake City does not have a formal fuel efficiency requirement for fleet vehicles or fuel efficiency procurement policies in place. Salt Lake City’s fleet is composed of 9.9% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Salt Lake City has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The city has begun a long-term program to convert all streetlights to high efficiency fixtures over the next 15 years. All streetlights are controlled by either photo sensors or time clocks so they only operate when needed.

Green Building Requirements 

January 2006 executive order requires municipal buildings be built or renovated to LEED-silver standards. In accordance with a January 2013 executive order, all new and majorly renovated municipal government buildings over 10,000 square feet are to be evaluated for the potential to meet net-zero energy emissions standards. If feasible and cost-effective, the building will be designed and built to that level of energy efficiency. The city’s Environmental Policy requires the city to purchase environmental preferable products and to purchase energy efficient electrical products that perform in the upper 25th percentile of the market for each product class when available and cost effective.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

San Antonio’s environmental fleet policy (City Ordinance 2010-04-15-0335) includes a directive to calculate the total cost of ownership when a vehicle purchase is considered and establishes a target of 17% reduction in emissions by 2020. San Antonio’s fleet is composed of 11% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

San Antonio’s Ordinance 2018-02-08-0079 complies with the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. San Antonio’s municipal utility has entered into an outdoor lighting replacement contract. 61% of the 79,761 streetlights have been converted to LED .  

Green Building Requirements

In 2007, the city council adopted a green building policy for municipal buildings (Resolution 2007R-04-19-0416) to require that all new buildings funded and used by the city must meet green building guidelines based on LEED Silver criteria. The city also has an environmentally preferable procurement policy for equipment purchasing decisions.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Current policy (Administrative Regulation 90.73) calls for all new vehicles to be 50% better than CAFE standards by 2020 and for a 5% reduction in vehicle miles traveled compared to the previous year. The policy also calls for operating all vehicles in a manner that ensures maximum fuel conservation including keeping tires inflated to the recommended pressure, using air conditioning selectively, and minimizing public vehicle idling. Additionally, this policy commits the city to investigate the benefit, availability and use of lower carbon fuels, low emission & zero emission vehicles, including but not limited to Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicles, Partial Zero Emission Vehicles, and Zero Emission Vehicles such as electric vehicles. Additionally, San Diego’s Climate Action Plan sets a goal that 50% of municipal vehicles are zero-emission vehicles by 2020, followed by 90% by 2035. San Diego’s fleet is currently composed of 3% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

San Diego’s Ordinance 20186 requires efficient outdoor lighting. The City’s Street Division maintains over 40,000 street lights and approximately 88% of streetlights have been upgrades to LEDs. In 2019, the remainder of lights will be upgraded. 

Green Building Requirements

Among the directives of San Diego’s Sustainable Building Policy (Council Policy 900-14) there is a commitment that all new city-funded facilities and major building renovation projects (more than 5,000 square feet) achieve LEED Silver certification and be constructed to be 15% more energy efficient than California's building code. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

In 2017, San Francisco adopted the Zero Emissions Vehicle Municipal Fleet Ordinance, which requires that all new passenger vehicles purchased be zero-emission vehicles and all passenger vehicles in the fleet be zero-emission vehicles by the end of 2022. The ordinance also encourages zero-emission vehicle procurement for other vehicle classes. San Francisco’s 2017 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Readiness Plan set objectives for transitioning to alternative fueled and fuel-efficient vehicles for public fleets. San Francisco Municipal Transit Agency operates the world’s largest electric trolley fleet. All trolley buses, cable cars, and light rail vehicles are electric. San Francisco’s fleet is composed of 24% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric.

Public Lighting

San Francisco follows California Title 24 Part 6 Energy Standards, which have mandatory requirements for efficient outdoor lighting. San Francisco Public Utilities Commission is 97% complete with replacement of all 18,500 city-owned streetlights to LEDs. Both prior and updated LED fixtures use photocell controls.

Green Building Requirements

Section 705 of the Environment Code requires LEED Gold certification for all new municipal construction and major alteration projects of 10,000 square feet or more in city-owned facilities and city leaseholds. It also requires that 1) projects comply with current Title 24 Part 6 energy standards, 2) buildings of 10 floors or less must install any combination of solar PV, solar hot water, or living roof (insulation & ambient temperature benefit) on a minimum of 15% of the roof, 3) buildings with more than 10 floors must generate at least 1% of the building’s electricity use onsite or purchase renewable energy credits, 4) Projects of 1-3 stories must determine if ZNE is feasible, using the BayREN Energy Target Setting and Performance Verification Calculator, 5) all projects must set an energy performance goal (via the same BayREN Energy Target and Perf Verification calculator) and annually benchmark actual performance (via Portfolio Manager but summarizing output in BayREN calculator), and 6) determine sizing of battery storage and PV array that would be necessary to maintain critical loads in the event of a major event and determine cost-effectiveness of Solar + Storage for Resilience system.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Compo

San Jose’s Green Fleet Policy guides staff through vehicle procurements and requires consideration of alternative fuel options to reduce carbon emissions. San Jose’s municipal fleet is composed of 16.5% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

San José’s Department of Transportation follows and references IES’ roadway guide for practice but there is no formal adoption of this or the Model Lighting Ordinance for streetlights or outdoor lighting. The Public Streetlight Design Guide, adopted in February 2011, has a goal to replace 100% of streetlights with zero-emission lighting. To date, approximately 39% of the City’s streetlights have been converted to LEDs with adaptive controls.

Green Building Requirements 

The city’s green building policy (Policy 8-13) requires all municipal projects—including those receiving City funds—design, construct, and achieve at minimum LEED Silver certification.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

The City of Seattle’s Green Fleet Action Plan requires 50% reduction in greenhouse gas pollution from a 2013 baseline across the municipal fleet by 2025. This action plan prioritizes electric vehicles where possible in addition to biofuels, advanced technology pilots, fleet right-sizing, driver behavior, and anti-idling efforts. Additionally, the city is currently reviewing their fleet procurement policies to develop a new Green Fleet Standard. Seattle’s fleet is composed of 5% efficient vehicles, including battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. Seattle has completed upgrading 79% of their 86,000 streetlights to LEDs.

Green Buildings Requirements

Seattle's sustainable building policy was adopted in 2000 and was significantly expanded in scope in October 2011. This policy calls for new city-funded projects and major renovations with more than 5,000 square feet of occupied space to achieve LEED Gold certification. In addition, these projects must be 15% more energy efficient and 30% more water efficient than code, achieve a 90% waste diversion rate, and provide bicycle facilities. Minor renovation and tenant-led improvement projects that impact 5,000 square feet or more and involve changes to mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems must also meet LEED Gold standards. Projects that are under 5,000 square feet or not eligible for LEED rating must complete the Seattle's Capital Green Toolkit . 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

St. Louis does not have fuel efficiency requirements for the public fleet. St. Louis has a no-idling ordinance (Ordinance 68137) and telematics devices installed in 475 vehicles to improve efficiency and reduce fuel consumption. We were unable to find data regarding the City’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

The city and county’s lighting regulations require lighting controls and call for automatic extinguishing of streetlights when sufficient day light is available.The city and county’s lighting regulations require lighting controls and call for automatic extinguishing of streetlights when sufficient day light is available. St. Louis is piloting three types of energy-efficient streetlight upgrades to determine which are the most reliable, efficient, and cost effective for future use.

Green Building Requirements

The Municipal LEED Standards Ordinance requires all new municipal construction and major renovations of more than 5,000 square feet to be built to LEED Silver standards. ENERGY STAR equipment is recommended for use by city departments, but departments are allowed to choose what to purchase.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

We could not find information on a procurement policy in St. Petersburg but, the City’s fleet management department states that the fleet now includes hybrid vehicles. We were unable to find data regarding the fleet composition.

Public Lighting 

St. Petersburg's lighting code sets regulations to conserve energy and minimize light pollution. We did not find information on outdoor lighting upgrade programs, however the city has been dedicated to transitioning from incandescent outdoor lighting to LED lighting for street lights.

Green Building Requirements

St. Petersburg requires all city-owned and occupied buildings over 10,000 square feet to meet minimum USGBC LEED requirements.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

We were unable to find information on procurement policies or fuel efficiency requirements for fleet vehicles in Tampa. The City’s fleet is composed of 2% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.  

Public Lighting

Tampa has not yet adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. A policy in Tampa’s Comprehensive Plan (Policy 40.1.7) calls for Tampa to pursue energy-saving options for exterior lighting of municipal buildings. Nevertheless, there are no formal efficiency focused lighting replacement programs in place in this city.

Green Building Requirements

Ordinance 17.5-203 requires all new construction of municipal buildings of at least 5,000 square feet to be built to LEED Silver standards. Renovations of existing municipal buildings must incorporate building materials recognized by the U.S. Green Building Council for their sustainable qualities and recycled products whenever possible. 

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

Tucson's Sustainability Plan and other city policies outline the goals for the purchase and use of newer renewable fuels, as well as highly efficient vehicles and equipment. High efficiency vehicles and alternative fuels are the preferred selections when operationally feasible. Tucson's municipal vehicle fleet is composed of 0.1% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric. Additionally, the city's public transit fleet includes 11 hybrid vehicles.

Public Lighting

Tucson, with Pima County, passed an Outdoor Lighting Code in 1994, which was updated in 2012 in partnership with the International Dark-Sky Association to reduce light pollution which resulted in conversion of outdoor lights to LEDs and dimming in areas of low foot traffic at night. In 2018, 21,563 streetlights were upgraded to LED.

Green Building Requirements

Tucson requires new City buildings to meet LEED Silver standards, as listed in the Sustainability Plan.

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

Tulsa's procurement policy states that all replacement vehicles must have a higher fuel efficiency rating than the vehicle it is replacing. Code of Ordinances Title 12 Internal Policies requires the City to promote energy conservation and implement cost-efficient energy savings in all of its activities and operations. We could not find data on fleet composition.

Public Lighting 

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if Tulsa has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Tulsa has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

Virginia Beach does not have formal fuel efficiency requirements for their vehicles or energy-efficient vehicle procurement policies in place. The city has dedicated funding to installing GPS systems in vehicles to optimize fleet use and performance. We were unable to find data on Virginia Beach’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

Virginia Beach's Design Standards require LED lights to be used. All city-owned streetlights have been converted to LED and Dominion Energy streetlights are in the process of being upgraded.

Green Building Requirements

In 2008, the City Council formally adopted a Green Building Criteria for New City Buildings. This Administrative Directive requires each new or renovated city/school building to achieve a LEED Silver rating at a minimum. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition

The District of Columbia does not have a formal procurement policy that requires the purchase of alternative fuel vehicles. The District does, however, have multiple strategies to reduce GHG emissions from its municipal fleet. The Department of Public Work’s (DPW) multiyear capital improvement plan establishes yearly goals for vehicle replacement set to attain maximum fuel efficiency and meet or exceed emissions standards, including goals to increase electric and hybrid vehicles. The District’s fleet is composed of 6.1% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Washington has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The recently updated Sustainable DC 2.0 plan calls for “replacing all street and public lighting with high efficiency fixtures that protect public health, reduce light pollution, and don’t harm wildlife” (EN1.3). As District government continues its Streetlight Modernization project, the plan directs it to use lights with a color temperature no greater than 3,000 Kelvin, and to ensure that fixtures direct light downward. Approximately 5% of public lighting has been upgraded to LEDs.

Green Building Requirements 

The Green Building Act of 2006 requires that new city building designs earn an ENERGY STAR target finder score of at least 75 and that all city buildings 10,000 square feet and larger be ENERGY STAR–benchmarked annually. This policy applies to publicly funded buildings. All new and significantly renovated city-owned commercial buildings must be at least LEED Silver certified and schools be at least LEED Gold certified. City-owned or financed residential new construction and major renovation projects must either be certified to Enterprise Green Communities or LEED. Other public projects that have more minor renovations are required to comply with the new Energy Conservation and Green Construction Codes. 

Last updated: June 2019

Fleet Policies and Composition 

As part of its Green Community designation commitment, the City committed (via an internal Policy document, signed in 2010) to purchasing fuel-efficient vehicles for municipal use whenever such vehicles are commercially available and practicable. We were unable to find data on Worcester’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

Worcester has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance, but the City has followed some provisions and best management practices. The City replaced lights it its public garages, parks and parking lots, following over 13,000 of its streetlights with LEDs. The latter are down-facing fixtures causing less light spill than the replaced high-pressure sodium and metal halide light fixtures. All lighting uses a program-based astrological clock to turn lights on and off within 30 minutes of dusk and dawn. Additionally, lights have photocells to turn the lights on in the event that darkness carries past astrological clock dusk and dawn times in order to maintain appropriate light levels. 

Green Building Requirements 

We could not confirm if Worcester has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019