State and Local Policy Database


City Scorecard Rank


Toledo, OH

15.00Scored out of 100Updated 10/2020
Local Government Score:
0 out of 10 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Toledo does not have a climate mitigation or greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal for municipal operations.

Energy Reduction Goal

We were unable to find information regarding a municipal energy reduction goal.

Renewable Energy Goal

We were unable to find information regarding a municipal renewable energy goal.

Last updated: June 2021

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet policies and composition 

We were unable to find information on Toledo’s fleet procurement policies or fuel efficiency requirements. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public lighting

We were unable to find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We were unable to confirm if Toledo has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Onsite and offsite renewable systems

We were unable to find information regarding onsite or offsite renewable energy systems in Toledo.

Inclusive procurement 

While we were unable to verify that the practices had been applied to energy projects, Toledo's Diversified Contractors Accelerator Program encourages increased minority and women-owned businesses participation in public construction projects.

Last updated: June 2021

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking

We were unable to find information regarding Toledo’s benchmarking practices.

Comprehensive Retrofit Strategy

We were unable to find information regarding a comprehensive retrofit strategy in Toledo.

Last updated: June 2021

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 3 out of 15 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of Toledo and Lucas County created the joint Toledo-Lucas County Sustainability Commission. The Commission released the Regional Sustainability Plan in 2014.

Last updated: March 2020

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The Regional Sustainability Plan includes a goal to reduce per capita greenhouse gas emissions 40% below a 2012 baseline by 2030.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide energy reduction goal for the city.

Renewable Energy Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide renewable energy goal for the city.

Energy Data Reporting

The city does not report community-wide energy data.

Last updated: March 2020

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether relevant decision-makers have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting engagement for multiple clean energy initiatives with marginalized groups compared to engagement with other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

The Regional Sustainability plan includes a goal to improve the area's housing and transportation affordability index by 11 index points (a 15% reduction) between 2012 and 2030.

Last updated: March 2020

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

We could not verify if the city has adopted a formal policy, rule, or agreement that supports the creation of clean distributed energy systems.

Last updated: March 2020

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

UHI Mitigation Goal


We could not verify if the city has adopted a quantifiable urban heat island mitigation goal.

UHI Policies and Programs

Toledo allows cluster housing for developments that reserve some land for common open space. 

Last updated: March 2020

Buildings Policies
Score: 3.5 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

The City of Toledo must use and enforce the state-mandated energy codes. The city offers a financing program to encourage energy efficiency and renewable energy investments. We could not find information on city mandated benchmarking policies or above-code energy action requirements.

Last updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All


The State of Ohio has set mandatory building energy codes statewide. The Ohio Board of Building Standards adopted the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and ASHRAE 90.1-2010 with amendments for commercial buildings. Ohio's energy code for residential buildings is based on the 2018 IECC. To learn more about Ohio’s building energy code requirements, please visit the State Policy Database.


Commercial buildings in Toledo comply with the state mandated codes. The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 59.0. 


Residential buildings in Columbus comply with the state mandated codes or the 2009 IECC. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 54.0. 

Solar- and EV-ready

The city has not adopted a formal policy mandating new construction be solar- and/or EV- ready.

Last updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Toledo requires plan reviews and site inspections to verify code compliance.We could not find information on the number of full-time employees the city staffs to enforce the energy code. We could not find information regarding upfront support for code compliance.

Last updated: September 2020

Policies Targeting Existing BuildingsList All


Toledo offers one financing program for energy efficiency and renewable energy. Through BetterBuildings, owners of virtually every type of building are eligible for low-cost financing to pay for high-efficiency improvements to their facilities and building systems. 

Last updated: September 2020

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: September 2020

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 4.5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Toledo Edison, an investor-owned utility (IOU) and subsidiary to FirstEnergy, is the primary electric utility serving Toledo. Columbia Gas of Ohio, an IOU, is Toledo’s primary gas utility. The State of Ohio requires spending and savings targets for its IOU through an EERS (SB221). The utilities must propose energy efficiency plans and file annual reports to the commission. However, in 2014, S.B. 310 placed a two-year freeze on energy efficiency requirements and allowed utilities that had achieved 4.2% cumulative savings to reduce or eliminate offerings. Efforts to extend this freeze under HB 554 were vetoed by the governor in December 2016, and savings targets resumed in 2017. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Ohio page of the State Database.

The City of Toledo Division of Water Distribution is the municipal utility that provides the City of Toledo with drinking water services. The Division of Water Reclamation is in charge of wastewater treatment and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2020

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2018, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported Toledo Edison had 111,979 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 1.06% of its retail sales across the utility’s entire service jurisdiction, not only Toledo. In 2018, Toledo Edison spent $11,678,000 on energy efficiency programs, which represents 2.61% of its retail revenue.

In 2018, Columbia Gas of Ohio reported 10.03 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.57% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. In 2018, Columbia Gas spent $29,299,874 on energy efficiency, which equates to $22.06 per residential customer. These savings and spending figures cover the entire service jurisdiction of both utilities, not just the City of Toledo.

FirstEnergy offers electric efficiency incentives to residential and commercial customers. Columbia Gas of Ohio similarly offers natural gas programs to residential and business customers.

At this time, the City of Toledo does not have a formal partnership with Toledo Edison or Columbia Gas in the form of a jointly developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: March 2020

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

At this time, FirstEnergy (Toledo Edison) does not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at low-income customers.

Columbia Gas of Ohio offers its no-cost WarmChoice program to income-eligible homeowners and renters with high natural gas usage. Through this program, customers receive no cost energy efficiency measures including air sealing, and attic and sidewall insulation. Gas appliances are inspected for safety and repaired or if necessary, replaced with high-efficiency models. The program targets participants of the Percentage of Income Payment Plan (PIPP Plus) program and the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). Columbia Gas of Ohio partners with the federal Home Weatherization Assistance Program (HWAP) in order to leverage funding and maximize services to customers. Columbia’s WarmChoice providers often coordinate funding from Columbia with other funding sources to better serve customers, including the Home Weatherization Assistance Program (HWAP) and electric utility funding. 

Columbia Gas of Ohio also offers a Home Energy Audit and Rebate program for customers above income guidelines for WarmChoice, which provides a reduced cost energy audit and rebates on recommended energy efficiency upgrades. Customers above income guidelines for WarmChoice (150% Federal Poverty Level) but at or below 80% Area Median Income, qualify for a $20 energy audit and max out of pocket of $300 for recommended energy efficiency upgrades, including attic and wall insulation and air/duct sealing. Customers above income for the assisted tier of Home Energy Audit can receive a $50 energy audit and rebates on recommended energy efficiency upgrades.

In 2018, Columbia Gas of Ohio achieved 0.58 MMtherms in savings, while spending $11,861,206 on its low-income programs and served 2,058 low-income customers.

Multifamily Programs

At this time, FirstEnergy (Toledo Edison) does not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at multifamily properties.

Columbia Gas of Ohio offers the direct installation of energy efficiency measures in multifamily properties. Additionally, they offer energy audits for multi-family buildings with 5-10 units through its Home Energy Audit and Rebate Program. Columbia also launched a pilot for low-income multifamily customers through its WarmChoice program, offering no cost weatherization service to customers living in multifamily units. Additionally, Columbia has a multifamily component of its EfficiencyCrafted Homes program which works with builders to construct new residences that are built above energy code.

In 2018, Columbia Gas of Ohio saved 0.10 MMtherms from its multifamily programs and served 3,177 multifamily properties. Spending for their 2018 multifamily programs was not available.

Last Updated: May 2020

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Columbia Gas provides automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for commercial and industrial customers. Columbia Gas partnered with AEP Ohio on the Benchmarking energy platform so that jointly served customers can have both their natural gas usage and their electricity usage benchmarked on a single website. The City of Toledo does not advocate for better access to utility data for ratepayers or the establishment of data-sharing agreements between the city and its utilities.

Last Updated: March 2020

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2018, FirstEnergy did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

Toledo is part of the Northwest Ohio Aggregation Coalition (“NOAC”), which formed a Community Choice Aggregation Program. The Coalition consists of 13 member communities which includes three opt-out governmental aggregation programs, 1) a residential electric program, 2) a small commercial electric program, and 3) a natural gas program for both residential and small commercial. Since its inception the participants in the NOAC communities have realized nearly $76 million in savings.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

The energy and water utilities do not currently offer joint energy and water efficiency programs. However, Columbia Gas of Ohio includes water efficiency measures in its energy efficiency programs, including energy efficient showerhead, faucet aerators, and pre-rinse spray valves. At this time, the City of Toledo and its water and wastewater utilities have not established a water savings target or goal.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

Neither the water nor the wastewater utility has set specific energy efficiency targets or strategies. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Last Updated: March 2020

Score: 3 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

No data or the city is not pursuing. 

VMT/GHG Target and Stringency

The City of Toledo does not yet have a codified VMT reduction target.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

The City of Toledo is not yet tracking community GHG or VMT levels

Last Updated: March 2020

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning 

Toledo's zoing code has language identifying overlay districts, density promotions within multi-dwelling districts, and mixed use land development standards and policies.

Residential Parking Requirements

Policies do not meet minimum scoring threshold for the City Scorecard.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosures

The city's zoning code indicates that there are density bonuses available to developers building within the CM and CD districts. 

Last Updated: March 2020

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Target 

No data or city is not pursuing 

Progress Toward Mode Shift Target

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Toledo Municipal Code, Chapter 901 (Ordinance  656-10)

Car Sharing

No data or the city is not pursuing. 

Bike Sharing

Toledo is serviced by the ToleGo bikeshare, a Gotcha bike program that has 100 bikes located at 17 hubs throughout the city.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The Toledo Area Regional Transit Authority that serves the City of Toledo have received $30,549,672 on average annually between 2014 and 2018. That equates to roughly $50.67 per capita between 2014 and 2018 within the Authority's service area. 

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Toledo Transit Connectivity Index value is 3.9, scoring 0 points in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Neither the Toledo Springs or any of the utilities that service it's resident are providing incentives towards the purchase of EVs at this time. 

Incentives for EV Charging Stations

Neither the City of Toledo or any of the utilities that service it's resident are providing incentives towards the installation of EV charging infrastrucutre at this time. 

EV Infrastructure

The City has 12 charging stations available for public use, equivalent to 4.364 stations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Neither the City of Toledo or any of the utilities that service it's resident are providing incentives towards the installation of EV charging infrastrucutre powered by renewables at this time. 

Last Updated: March 2020

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Toledo does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place, nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2020

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy 

Toledo does not have any policies in place to address or help encourage affordable TOD housing development. 

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Neither the City of Toledo nor the transit authority that services the city's residents provide rebates or incentives that better connect low-income residents to efficient transportation options. 

Last Updated: March 2020