State and Local Policy Database


City Scorecard Rank


Washington, DC

72.00Scored out of 100Updated 10/2020
Local Government Score:
5 out of 10 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Washington, D.C. formally adopted the city’s Sustainable DC Plan. The Plan includes citywide climate and energy actions, including those for municipal operations.

Climate Mitigation Goal

The Sustainable DC Plan established a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 80% below 2006 levels by 2050, with an interim reduction goal of 50% below 2006 levels by 2032. The District’s 2050 goal was updated in 2017 when Mayor Bowser committed the District achieving citywide carbon neutrality by 2050. To meet these goals, Washington must reduce per capita emissions by 2.87% annually. Based on ACEEE’s analysis of past years emissions data, ACEEE projects that the city will meet its near-term GHG emissions reduction goal for municipal operations.  

Energy Reduction Goal

The Sustainable DC Plan included a goal to reduce citywide energy use 50% below 2012 levels by 2032. The District also participates in the Better Buildings Challenge to achieve an interim energy use reduction goal of 20% below 2012 levels by 2022. The plan also calls for the city to undertake and complete a strategic energy plan for reducing energy and water use across the Department of General Services' portfolio and implement a deep energy retrofit program across 9% of the DC Government building stock by 2024, prioritizing those buildings whose core systems and equipment are nearing the end of their useful life. These goals were codified in the Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act. To achieve these goals, the District must reduce energy use per capita by 3.3% annually. 

Renewable Energy Goal

DC City Council has approved a citywide 100% renewable portfolio standard by 2032. 5.5% will come from local solar.

Last updated: May 2021

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

The Department of Public Works' procurement policy is to require all new sedans be all-electric or PHEV. For other vehicle types, the District has standardized the vehicle makes and models for alternative fuels and requires the most fuel efficiency standards for other ICE engines. The Department of Energy & Environment is leading the development of a Transportation Electrification Roadmap, to meet the goals outlined in the Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act. The Fleet Management Administration recently launched a multi-year effort to install 20 dual-port charging stations to support electrification of the fleet. The District’s Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act (section 502) requires all public buses to be zero-emission vehicles by 2045. Furthermore, it requires the District’s Department of Transportation to submit a plan for achieving 100% replacement of public buses, including school buses, with electric buses upon the end of their useful life, by calendar year 2021. Washington’s fleet is composed of 1% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. 

Public Lighting

Washington has not adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. The District is launching a Streetlight Upgrade and Modernization Project which proposes to convert the street light network of more than 75,000 assets to light-emitting diode (LED) technology with remote monitoring and control capabilities. In addition to conversion, poles will be brought up to a “state of good repair,” meaning that arms, bases, and poles that are in disrepair (i.e., chipped paint, leaning, or broken) will be repaired to and maintained at fair condition. The proposed improvements would occur primarily within the existing right-of-way. The District of Columbia Office of Public-Private Partnerships (OP3) is providing procurement support as the selected bidder is expected to use private financing to develop the project. To date, approximately 11% of public lighting has been upgraded to LEDs

Onsite and offsite renewable systems

DC has installed onsite renewable systems on municipal facilities. The current total installed capacity is 13 MW.

Inclusive procurement

While we were unable to verify that the policy has been applied to energy projects, the District has contracting and procurement policies that require spending benefit local, small, and minority businsses. District agencies are required to spend at least 50% of expendable budgets with such businesses. 

Last updated: May 2021

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

DC benchmarks all muncipal buildings. The District requires all privately-owned buildings over 50,000 square feet, and District-owned or District instrumentality-owned buildings 10,000 square feet and larger to benchmark their energy & water use annually. For more information on benchmarking requirements for private buildings, please see the Buildings Policies section of the Local Policy Database. 

Comprehensive Retrofit Strategies

Sustainable DC 2.0 calls on District Government to “retrofit and maintain all buildings owned by District Government to reduce energy use by 50% and maximize the installation of renewable energy technology.” Action EB.9 in the Clean Energy DC plan (released August 2018 and beginning implementation in 2019) calls on District government to lead in an aggressive deep energy retrofit program, followed by a net-zero retrofit program. Specifically the plan recommends phasing in an aggressive governmental building retrofit program over time, beginning with a deep energy retrofit process that covers 9% of District Government-owned buildings by square footage between 2021 and 2024, striving for an average of at least 30% reductions in energy and emissions, recognizing that that circumstances will vary by building, and different levels of reductions will be financially feasible and technically viable for different buildings. Following this initial sweep of deep energy retrofits, the plan calls for net-zero retrofits across 12.5% of the District Government building stock between 2026 and 2032. The District’s Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act requires the District’s Department of General Services to complete the strategic energy management plan for reducing both energy & water use across their portfolio of government buildings by 2020, and codifies the 9% and 2.5% targets recommended by the Clean Energy DC Plan. In 2020, the District began its launch of an Energy Savings Agreement (ESA) with an initial list of DC Public School pilot sites, targeting efficiency and water savings.

Last updated: May 2021

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 11.5 out of 15 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

Washington, D.C. established several energy-related goals in the Sustainable DC plan. The city formally adopted the plan through the Mayor’s Order 2013-209.

Last updated: March 2020

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The Sustainable DC plan set a greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal of 50% by 2032. Mayor Bowser also committed the city to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. Based on ACEEE’s analysis of past years emissions data, ACEEE projects that the city will meet its near-term community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal.  

The District’s Department of Energy & Environment releases greenhouse gas inventories.

Energy Reduction Goal

The Sustainable DC plan included a goal to cut citywide energy use 50% by 2032. The plan included an additional goal to meet net-zero energy standards with all new developments. 

Renewable Energy Goal

The Sustainable DC plan includes a goal to receive 50% of community energy from renewable sources by 2032. The District has created a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) to ensure this goal. The District’s Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act further strengthened the RPS to get 100% renewable by 2032, including a 5.5% local solar carve-out.

Energy Data Reporting

The District’s greenhouse gas inventories include citywide energy data.

This section applies only to community-wide energy data reporting. For information on data reporting due to building energy benchmarking and disclosure policies, click on the Buildings tab.

Last updated: September 2020

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

The Sustainable DC plan updating process included speaking to residents that represented the diversity of the city. To make the process most convenient for residents of underserved communities, the city partnered with community organizations to help recruit new participants, held meetings in familiar Metro-accessible venues for communities, and restructured meeting formats to be more casual and accessible. The city also focused community engagement in locations that have been underserved in the past.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

In partnership with the Georgetown Climate Center, the Department of Energy & Environment created the Equity Advisory Group. The Group consisted of residents and community leaders of Far Northeast Ward 7, where a climate vulnerability analysis showed the community has been uniquely vulnerable to climate-risks due to its proximity to the Watts Branch Tributary of the Anacostia River. The Group was tasked with developing recommendation to be incorporated into the District’s Climate Ready DC Plan and Clean Energy DC Plan. The partnership published a community engagement guide. Work is now underway to focus on developing resilience hubs and workforce development initiatives based on the advisory group’s recommendations.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups.

The District Department of Energy and Environment (DOEE) is developing a racial equity tool in the implementation and future update of the District’s Sustainable DC plan.

Last updated: March 2020

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The District’s Solar for All program aims to expand access to solar power to low-income residents. The program partners with organizations to install on-site solar on single-family homes and community solar projects. For residents to be eligible for participation, household income must be less than 80% of the area median income. A 1 MW installation pursued by the Department of General Services to serve low-income households integrates energy storage.

Last updated: July 2020

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

UHI Mitigation Goal

The Sustainable DC plan includes a goal to increase urban tree canopy coverage to 40% by 2032. The city also has a goal to increase wetland acreage by the Anacostia and Potomac rivers by 50%. The Climate Ready DC Plan also includes broad goals to increase low impact development (LID) practices citywide.

UHI Policies and Programs

The city has adopted a private tree protection ordinance.

Washington has extensive low-impact development (LID) requirements and incentives. The District requires real estate development projects to use LID techniques to achieve a required green area ratio. DC’s Construction Code also requires the installation of cool roofs. The District incentivizes green roof installation through the RiverSmart Roof Rebate Program. Through this program, the city offers rebates of $10 to $15 per square foot for voluntary green roof installation. The District further incentives the installation of LID through the Stormwater Retention Credit Trading Program. This program allows developments that use LID practice or remove impervious surfaces to earn revenue by selling Stormwater Retention Credits through the Department of Energy & Environment.

Last updated: March 2020

Buildings Policies
Score: 19 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

Washington, D.C. formally adopted the 2017 D.C. Construction Code. The District also adopted a commercial and multifamily building benchmarking policy. The city offers several incentives for energy efficiency, solar, and low-income energy projects. The city requires building owners perform one energy-saving action. The Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act of 2018 includes provisions to create a more robust energy policy landscape.

Last Updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All


Washington, D.C.’s energy codes are mandatory across the District. Residential and commercial construction must comply with the 2017 D.C. Construction Code. The D.C. Construction Code includes the Energy Conservation Code which is more stringent than the 2015 IECC and ASHRAE 90.1-2013. The Construction Code also includes the Green Construction Code which is based on the 2012 International Green Construction Code. To learn more about the District of Columbia’s required energy codes, please visit the State Policy Database.


Commercial properties comply with the 2017 D.C. Construction Code. Projects over 10,000 square feet must comply with the Green Construction Code. The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 63.9.


Residential buildings comply with the 2017 D.C. Construction Code. Projects over 10,000 square feet must comply with the Green Construction Code. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 62.1.

Solar- and EV-ready

The 2017 DC Construction Codes include a solar-ready requirement for new commercial developments and major alterations or additions. The city has not passed a policy mandating new developments be EV-ready. 
Low-energy use requirements

The Green Construction Code applies to all commercial projects 10,000 square feet and larger, and all residential projects 4 stories and higher and 10,000 square feet or larger. The Green Building Act requires that a commercial building over 50,000 square feet must achieve LEED at the Certified level. If a commercial or residential building has received at least 15% of its funding from public sources (broadly defined to include ground leases, TIF districts, etc.) they must achieve Green Communities Certification (residential), LEED at the Silver level (nonresidential), or LEED at the Gold level (Schools). New municipal buildings must achieve LEED Gold or ENERGY STAR 75+ standards. 

Last update: September 2020

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

The District’s Green Building Division staffs fifteen full time employees dedicated to green and energy code compliance and enforcement. The Green Building Division regularly reviews plans and identifies compliance issues that may require additional on-site inspection. Additionally, the Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs (DCRA) requires plans reviews and inspections for developments. The DCRA allows third-party energy review and inspection and developed regulations for projects wishing to pursue this path. The project size determines if performance testing and commissioning is required to meet compliance. The District offers upfront support through the Green Building Professional Seminar Series.The Green Building Division also offers technical support to developers. A website has been set up as well as a help center for training for compliance.

Last Updated: September 2020

Policies Targeting Existing BuildingsList All

Building performance standards

The Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act of 2018 requires the implementation of a building energy performance standard (BEPS) starting with privately-owned buildings 50,000 square feet and larger and District-owned or District instrumentality-owned buildings 10,000 square feet and larger in 2021. Privately-owned buildings 25,000 square feet and larger will be covered in 2023, and buildings 10,000 square feet and larger will be covered in 2026. Buildings will demonstrate that they exceed the local median ENERGY STAR score for their building type, or will be required to follow either a performance or prescriptive pathway to achieve compliance.

Commercial and multifamily benchmarking

The Clean and Affordable Energy Act requires commercial buildings and multifamily buildings over 50,000 square feet to benchmark and publicly disclose energy usage data using ENERGY STAR software. This policy was adopted July 2008, and implementation began in 2010. Disclosure must be done annually, and the District publishes data online. Non-compliance results in a fine. The Act currently covers 49% of commercial and multifamily buildings. The Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act of 2018 lowered the building benchmarking requirement size to 25,000 square feet by 2021 and 10,000 square feet by 2026.


Commercial property owners may access property assessed clean energy (C-PACE) financing for energy efficiency improvements and onsite renewable energy generation.

The DC Sustainable Energy Utility (DCSEU) offers residential and commercial property owners rebates for energy efficient appliances.

Washington previously administered a low-income home weatherization program that invested $25 million in energy efficiency measures and renewable energy installation.

The Solar for All program seeks to provide 100,000 low-income households with solar energy through direct rooftop installation and community solar farms.

The DC Department of Energy and Environment offers financial assistance for projects seeking net-zero design. 

In addition to these existing programs, the Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act of 2018 carves out 30% of revenues for low-income energy actions.

Last Updated: September 2020

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

Washington DC’s Sustainable Energy Utility (DC SEU) administers a workforce development program where the city places DC residents in six-month paid externships with local organizations. DC SEU also provides externs with job certifications and job placement assistance.

Solar Works DC is a program that provides low-income residents with solar installation job training. The program is a joint effort between the Department of Energy & Environment and the Department of Employment Services. The departments partnered with GRID Alternatives – Mid Atlantic to run the program in its first year. The program has goals to train 200 local residents and install 300 solar systems on 300 low-income single family homes to achieve a cost-savings of $600 per year for participating households.

The Clean Energy DC Omnibus Amendment Act of 2018 directs at least 30% of increased assessments on fuels to a) benefit low-income residents (including energy efficiency, weatherization), b) to establish workforce development initiatives for District residents in energy efficiency fields, and c) to create the Sustainable Energy Infrastructure Capacity Building and Pipeline Program to increase the participation and capacity of local certified business enterprises in the energy efficiency and renewable energy industries.

Last update: September 2020

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 9.5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

The Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO), an investor-owned utility, is the primary electric utility serving Washington, DC. Washington Gas is Washington’s primary natural gas utility. The DC Council adopted the Clean and Affordable Energy Act which implemented a DC Sustainable Energy Utility (DCSEU) to run energy efficiency programs (electric and natural gas) to meet the city council-required performance benchmarks. Most recently, the 2018 CleanEnergy DC Omnibus Amendment Act, which was signed into law February 2019 and went into effect October 1, 2019, gave authorization to Pepco to put forward an EEDR portfolio. The utility is currently working through the stakeholder process and is hoping to file in the fall for a January 2021 implementation. To learn more about the District’s requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the District of Columbia page of the State Database.

DC Water provides Washington DC with drinking water services and wastewater treatment. The District Department of the Environment manages stormwater for the district.

Last Updated: June 2020

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2018, according to DCSEU, PEPCO and DCSEU achieved 134,728 MWh in net incremental savings, representing 1.19% of retail sales. In 2018, the utilities spent $15,800,000 on energy efficiency programs, which represents 2.05% of retail revenue.

In 2018, Washington Gas and DCSEU reported savings of 1.71 MMtherms from natural gas efficiency programs, representing 1.31% of its retail sales. In 2018, the utilities spent $3,925,081 on energy efficiency, which equates to $25.54 per residential customer. The figures represented here cover all of the District of Columbia.

DCSEU offers electric and natural gas efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and business customers.

The District partners with DCSEU, PEPCO, and Washington Gas to promote participation in the energy efficiency programs. The District’s Department of Energy & Environment (DOEE) conducts outreach on all of its sustainability programs on a regular basis. DOEE also works closely with the DCSEU to refer low-income customers who come in through the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program or the Weatherization ion Assistance Program to the DCSEU for additional energy efficiency services. The DCSEU serves under a performance-based contract with DOEE, with input and recommendations from the DCSEU Advisory Board and oversight from the Council of the District of Columbia.

In addition, DOEE shares benchmarking data with the DCSEU. The DCSEU uses this raw data to highlight trends and identify customer segments with the greatest potential for cost-effective and significant energy savings. The DCSEU can then use the benchmarking data to target its services and incentives to customers with the greatest need. The DCSEU has been able to utilize the benchmarking data to improve the design of its Commercial & Institutional programs.

In 2019, the Solar For All program started being administered by the DCSEU on behalf of the DOEE. Solar For All is the one of the largest income-qualified solar efforts in the country. This three-year program is funded with $32 million of District money.

Last Updated: March 2020

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

The DCSEU has a portfolio of programs to focus on different sectors of low-income customers. This includes the Low-Income Multifamily Implementation Contractor Direct Install, Low-Income Multifamily Comprehensive, Solar PV and Hot Water programs for custom savings approaches. For prescriptive low-income offerings, the DCSEU has income qualified rebates for residential appliances, HVAC, and lighting, as well as retail lighting offerings at food banks in the District.

DCSEU partners with various agencies in Washington, and often works with local government agencies to transform buildings and institutions that offer services for DC residents. In cooperation with the Department of Human Services (DHS) and the Department of General Services (DGS), the DCSEU aims to renovate many of the District-run shelters in the coming years. A majority of low-income work in the District is through Multifamily Buildings, Clinics, or Shelters that serve low-income households.

For the 2017-2021 program cycle the low-income spending requirement for the District of Columbia was adjusted to 20% of expenditures. Though not specific to low-income programs, a 5% adder is applied to program benefits to account for additional non-energy benefits including comfort, noise reduction, aesthetics, health and safety, etc. Non-cost-effective programs may be included in the portfolio as long as overall the portfolio is cost-effective under SCT.

In 2018, according to DCSEU, it achieved 11,232 MWh and 0.06 MMtherms in energy savings, while spending $5,307,719 and $741,897 on its electric and natural gas low-income programs, respectively. DCSEU served 7,275 electric and natural gas low-income customers in 2018.

Multifamily Programs

DCSEU performs work with multifamily buildings across the district, and also has many programs focused specifically on low income multifamily housing. The Low-Income Multifamily Comprehensive (LICP) initiative provides custom technical services and incentives for energy-efficiency improvements to low-income multifamily projects, specifically, new construction, substantial renovation, and redevelopment housing. In 2018, program measures included heating and cooling systems, domestic hot water systems, in-unit and common area lighting, appliances, controls, and low flow water fixtures. For low-income programs, measures also focus on HVAC efficiency, cooking and laundry, design assistance, hot water efficiency and replacement, LED lighting, efficient controls, lighting hardwired fixtures, motor controls, refrigeration, space heating efficiency and replacement, and thermal shell and ventilation.

In 2018, according to DCSEU, it achieved 9,908 MWh and 0.05 MMtherms of energy savings, while spending $854,286 and $304,851 on its electric and natural gas multifamily programs, respectively. DCSEU served 2,430 electric and natural gas multifamily customers with its multifamily program in 2018.

As part of the settlement agreement with the DC Public Service Commission (DC PSC) to approve its merger with Alta Gas, Washington Gas will allocate $4.2 million to design and implement a multifamily low-income energy efficiency program. Similarly, as part of the settlement agreement with the DC PSC approving its merger with Exelon, PEPCO will allocate $6.75 million to design and implement an energy efficiency program targeted towards both affordable multifamily units and master-metered multifamily buildings.

Last Updated: March 2020

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Both PEPCO and Washington Gas are required to provide automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager.  Pepco offers an online energy management tool, Resource Advisor, which allows users to access aggregate building electricity data on a monthly basis and automatically transfer this data to Portfolio Manager. Resource Advisor is free to use and can be utilized by any building with five or more individually metered electric accounts. Washington Gas offers a similar automated benchmarking service, Utilli, which electronically accesses and pulls aggregate natural gas usage data and automatically sends the data to Portfolio Manager. This service is also free to use and also can be utilized by any building with five or more individually metered natural gas accounts. Washington, DC has advocated for improvements in data provision by utilities. The District passed the Sustainable DC Act of 2014 which mandated utilities to provide automated benchmarking services to customers. In addition, the District's Department of Energy and Environment operates an energy benchmarking Help Center to provide building owners and property managers with the tools to access, understand, and report their utility data. Improved benchmarking data allows the DC Sustainable Energy Utility (DCSEU) to identify buildings and customer groups with the greatest savings potential and target ratepayer dollars where they are needed more.

Last Updated: March 2020

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2018, DCSEU provided $320,591 in incentives for the installation of 1,836 kW of new distributed solar systems, equating to $175/kW installed. DCSEU offered incentives to both market-rate and low-income buildings, with higher incentives for low-income buildings.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

In 2018, Pepco produced 6% of its total generation from renewable sources.

The City has submitted comments in public utility commission proceedings regarding renewable energy advocacy, such as net metering legislation. The DC Department of Energy and the Environment (DOEE) has participated in the RM-9 Working Group that addresses issues of interconnection timelines, specifically for community solar, net-metering, and other issues. DOEE has been an active participant int eh PSC's Formal Case 1050, regarding interconnection, and has recently submitted comments about a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that impacts community solar interconnection. The City has also been directly involved in utility planning efforts around expanding utility-scale renewable generation. DOEE participated in the PSC's Formal Case 1017 in a working group to weigh in on the development of a PPA for a portion of the electric utility's Standard Offer Service procurement. 

Last Updated: May 2020

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

The District of Columbia offers water efficiency programs separately from the energy utilities. The District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority (DC Water) developed the award-winning High Usage Notification Application (HUNA) as a free service to proactively notify customers of high water use - including unknown household leaks, sprinklers accidentally left running, or ruptured washing machine hoses. The HUNA has generated more than 18,000 notifications to customers since January 2006.

Sustainable DC 2.0 established a goal to decrease potable water consumption by 20% from a 2012 baseline by the end of 2032. Supporting actions include updating the District’s building codes to increase water-efficiency standards and allow the use of alternative water systems, developing incentives for water-efficiency measure in landscaping and buildings, and piloting water efficiency projects in District Government buildings to lead by example. DC Water is committed to protecting and preserving the national and local water supply through encouraging water-efficient practices, products, and services. By partnering with the EPA’s WaterSense program, DC Water will offer consumers useful water-saving techniques and encourage them to look for WaterSense labeled products, when making product choices. These products use about 20% less water and perform as well as, or better than, conventional models. Supporting actions include updating the District’s building codes to increase water-efficiency standards and allow the use of alternative water systems, developing incentives for water-efficiency measure in landscaping and buildings, and piloting water efficiency projects in District Government buildings to lead by example.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

DC Water has pursued several projects to reduce energy used for wastewater treatment. It has systematically retrofitted diffuser equipment at the Blue Plains treatment to significantly reduce energy consumed through the treatment process. It has also been improving tidal gates on an ongoing basis to reduce infiltration and water treatment volume.

DC Water, the regional water utility, operates an anaerobic digester to generate electricity and steam from solid waste. The energy facility at the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant uses the solids left over at the end of the wastewater treatment process to create electricity and steam. The project reduces the energy needs of the massive plant by about a third. DC Water expects to expand the capacity and efficiency of the system to meet even more of its energy load in the near future. The Bioenergy facility opened in 2015. It uses thermal hydrolysis to maximize anaerobic digestion.  Blue Plains is the first site in North America to utilize this technology. In recognition of this project, the District of Columbia and DC Water were one of four finalists from across the globe in the “clean energy” category in the C40 Cities awards in December 2016.

Last Updated: March 2020

Score: 24.5 out of 30 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the city of Washington is The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. WMATA also provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including public bike, subway and bus service. The National Capital Region Transportation Planning Board is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Washington, and many surrounding Virginia and Maryland jurisdictions. The District Department of Transportation is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

The District Department of Transportation (DDOT) created a six-year Transportation Demand Management strategic plan in 2017 that built off of recommendations in the moveDC TDM element and includes strategies for reducing vehicle miles traveled. The plan was developed around three goals: 1. Make getting into and around the District seamless and efficient; 2. Provide high quality and inclusive TDM services to District residents, businesses, employers, and visitors; and 3. Become a national leader in the provision of effective TDM services. DDOT will be updating its moveDC transportation plan, beginning in 2020, as well as crafting its plan to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. Both plans center on moveDC & Sustainable DC's goals of shifting transportation toward active and public transportation, addressing both VMT and GHGs. 

VMT/GHG Targets and Stringency

Sustainable DC 2.0 has a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transportation by 60% by 2032 (compared to a 2006 baseline). This is equivalent to a 2.3% reduction per year.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

The annual GHG inventory measures progress in reducing GHGs related to transportation, including on-road transportation, and is based on annual VMT estimates. In 2017, emissions from on-road vehicles were 14% lower than in 2006. Overall, reduced emissions from vehicles accounts for 28% of the total decrease in citywide emissions between 2006 and 2016.

Last Updated: March 2020

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

The zoning regulations permit higher density development areas downtown and along transit corridors. The regulations typically permit a mix of uses in these areas (i.e. residential or office with ground floor retail.) There are some neighborhood specific zoning regulations for large, new neighborhoods where a compact mix of land uses is encouraged.

Residential Parking Policies

The current zoning regulations were updated in 2016 to reduce the number of parking spaces required in areas with high-capacity transit or near bus lines. Parking requirements have been eliminated in downtown zones and cut by 50% for mixed-use or commercial buildings elsewhere if they are within a certain distance of mass transit.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

DC’s Comprehensive Plan Future Land Use Map designates higher density development areas along transit corridors and typically permits a mix of uses.

Last Updated: March 2020

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

Sustainable DC 2.0 sets the following goals by 2032: to achieve 25% of commuter trips in all wards by biking and walking, and 50% of commuter trips in all wards by public transit. Sustainable DC 2.0 sets a goal to reduce commuter trips made by car to 25% by 2032.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

Biking/walking has increased from 16.8% in 2012 to 19.5% in 2016, public transit has decreased from 40.5% in 2012 to 38.6% in 2016, car travel has increased from 42.7% in 2012 to 51.9% in 2016.

Complete Streets

Washington DC adopted a complete streets policy in 2010.  

Car Sharing

DDOT encourages shared mobility as a way to reduce single occupant vehicle trips and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and welcomes shared mobility operators in the District. DDOT manages an on-street shared mobility program that allows qualified point-to-point carsharing and reserved-space carsharing companies to be permitted to operate in public space. Recently, the District also launched a demonstration pilot for mopedsharing companies to operate in public space. This program does not manage the use of private space or operations in other jurisdictions. We have around 70 on-street reserved carsharing spaces in public space, 1200 point-to-point carsharing vehicles operating in public space, and 400 shared motor-driven cycles operating in public space. There are other shared mobility operators, including reserved-space companies and peer-to-peer companies that operate in private space or within the current parking laws. Separate from this on-street program, the District’s zoning code includes provisions for carsharing parking and allows dedicated carsharing spaces to count toward fulfilling minimum parking requirements, at a rate of two dedicated carsharing spaces to three required parking spaces. 

Bike Sharing

The District has 2,600 Capital Bikeshare (docked) bikes, across 300 stations. There are currently 975 permitted dockless bikes in DC. This means that the city has approximately 508.9 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2020

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The transportation entities that serve the City of Washington have received $2,526,656,366 on average annually between 2014 and 2018. That equates to roughly $404.27 per capita between 2014 and 2018 within the Authority's service area. 

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Washington Transit Connectivity Index value is 9.3, scoring 2 points in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: May 2020

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Businesses and individuals are eligible for an income tax credit of 50% of the equipment and labor costs for the conversion of qualified AFVs, up to $19,000 per vehicle. Title V of the Clean Energy DC Omnibus Act also charges a higher excise tax amount for vehicles with fuel economy below a set benchmark.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

A tax credit is also available for 50% of the equipment and labor costs for the purchase and installation of alternative fuel infrastructure on qualified AFV fueling property (including electric chargers). The maximum credit is $1,000 per residential electric vehicle charging station, and $10,000 per publicly accessible AFV fueling station.

EV Charging Locations

The City has 165 charging stations available for public use, equivalent to 23.5 stations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

Washington does not currently have any incentives for renewable EV charging infrastructure installation.

Last Updated: May 2020

Freight System EfficiencyList All

In July 2017 DDOT initiated a Freight Plan Addendum to incorporate into the District’s Freight Plan new requirements stipulated in the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act (Pub. L. No. 114-94), passed on December 4, 2015. The District Department of Transportation published a FAST-compliant amendment to the freight plan in October 2017, and contains Sustainability metrics around air quality, as well as transportation efficiency metrics.

Last Updated: March 2020

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The District has requirements to create more low-income housing near transit facilities. Amendment 10801 to the Housing Code, which came into effect in December 2015, states that for all District land dispositions there is a requirement of 20% affordable housing if the project is not located close to transit, and a 30% affordable requirement if the project is located close to transit. Additionally, preference points provided in the Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) consolidated Requests for Proposals (RFPs) for affordable housing: under the “Transit Proximity” criteria, up to 5 priority scoring points are available for projects that are located within ¼ mile of a metro or streetcar station, and 3 points if within a ½ mile. 5 additional priority scoring points are awarded for projects achieving Living Building Challenge certification, which would be highly incentivized to be energy efficient and in close proximity to transit.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

In Spring 2016, DDOT started the Capital Bikeshare Community Partners Program to offer an affordable annual rate and expand access to the city’s bikeshare service to low-income residents. DDOT partners with community organizations and non-profits that work with low-income and underserved populations in the District to offer a $5 annual memberships, the regular annual membership costs $85. The program is now in its third year and has 28 community partners and over 1,300 members.

In February 2019, the DDOT-operated Circulator bus system was made free as a pilot, and it has since been announced that the bus will remain free indefinitely and proposed funding to launch a new route to serve Ward 7, targeting low-income residents whose neighborhoods are not currently served by these bus routes.

Last Updated: May 2020