State and Local Policy Database

Bridgeport

City Scorecard Rank

68

Bridgeport, CT

21.00Scored out of 100Updated 10/2020
Local Government Score:
3.5 out of 10 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

The City of Bridgeport released the Bridgeport Municipal Plan in 2010. The Plan outlines several efficiency and resource conservation actions the city may pursue.

Climate Mitigation Goal

The Plan established a goal to reduce emissions from municipal operations 30% below 2007 levels by 2030. ACEEE was unable to project if the city will achieve its near-term GHG emissions reduction goal for municipal operations because insufficient GHG emissions data were available for our analysis.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a municipal energy reduction goal.

Renewable Energy Goal

We did not find information regarding a municipal renewable energy goal.

Last updated: September 2020

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on a fleet procurement or fuel efficiency policies in Bridgeport, but the City’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes goals and actions to shift fleet to plug-in electric vehicles. Bridgeport’s municipal fleet is composed of approximately 1% efficient vehicles, including hybrid and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

Through a United Illuminating program 83% of streetlight fixtures in Bridgeport have been upgraded to LEDs. We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

Onsite renewable systems

We were unable to find information regarding onsite renewable energy systems in Bridgeport.

Inclusive procurement

Bridgeport has a goal to have 15% of each formal city contract value go to Minority Business Enterprises and another 15% of contract value go to Women Business Enterprises.

Last updated: March 2020

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking

Bridgeport benchmarks 100% of city buildings in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager.

Comprehensive Retrofit Strategy

Benchmarking all municipal buildings allows the City to prioritize retrofits, project long-term funding needs, and incorporate retrofit needs into funding requests.

Public Workforce Commuting

We did not find information on a policy aimed at reducing commutes of city employees, such as flexible schedules or telework.

Last updated: July 2020

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 2.5 out of 15 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of Bridgeport adopted its Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan in 2010 to guide its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Last updated: March 2020

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The city’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan has a community-wide goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20% below 2007 levels by 2020 and 30% by 2030. ACEEE was unable to project if the city will achieve its near-term community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal because insufficient GHG emissions data were available for our analysis. The city released one community-wide greenhouse gas inventory for 2008.

Energy Reduction Goal

The city does not have a community-wide energy reduction goal, but the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan highlights green buildings and retrofits as a key component of their greenhouse gas reduction strategy.

Renewable Energy Goal

The City of Bridgeport does not have an explicit renewable energy target, but the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan states a general intention to increase the amount of renewable resources.

Energy Data Reporting

The city uploads community-wide energy data on an online dashboard as part of their participation in Energize Connecticut’s Clean Energy Communities initiative. 

Last updated: March 2020

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether relevant decision-makers have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting engagement for multiple clean energy initiatives with marginalized groups compared to engagement with other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: March 2020

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The City of Bridgeport established an Energy Improvement District in accordance to House Bill 7432. The Energy Improvement District is overseen by a 7-member board consisting of the city's chief administrative officer (or his/her designee), director of planning and economic development (or his/her designee), the director of public facilities (or his/her designee), and four electors or representatives of businesses within the boundaries of the district.

Last updated: March 2020

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

UHI Mitigation Goal

The city’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes a goal to plant 27,510 trees to reduce residential energy used for heating and cooling.

UHI Policies and Programs

We were unable to determine if the city has adopted specific policies or programs that incorporate requirements or incentives to mitigate the urban heat island effect. 

Last updated: August 2020

Buildings Policies
Score: 4 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

Bridgeport does not have the authority to adopt its own codes. The city offers building owners a single incentive for solar installation. The city does not have policies in place to ensure energy code enforcement, nor has the city adopted a benchmarking and disclosure policy. 

Last updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All

Overview

The State of Connecticut requires cities to adhere to state-adopted commercial and residential energy codes. Connecticut adopted the 2015 IECC with state amendments in 2018. To learn more about the building energy code requirements for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Commercial properties must adhere to the 2015 IECC with state amendments. The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 51.6.

Residential

Residential properties must adhere to the 2015 IECC with state amendments. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 55.5.

Solar- and EV-ready

The city has not passed an ordinance mandating new construction be solar- and/or EV-ready.

Last updated: September 2020

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Bridgeport does not have any full time employees solely dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city does not require plan reviews, site inspections, nor performance testing as a means of compliance verification. The city does not offer upfront support for energy code compliance.

Last updated: September 2020

Policies Targeting Existing BuildingsList All

Incentives

The city offers a tax exemption incentive for new solar energy installations.

New construction designed to meet LEED standards receive varying FAR bonuses based on their certification level.

Last updated: September 2020

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: September 2020

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 4 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

United Illuminating, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of Bridgeport. The primary natural gas supplier for Bridgeport is Southern Connecticut Gas, an IOU. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The Aquarion Water Company is the private utility that provides the City of Bridgeport with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2020

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2018, United Illuminating reported 44,320 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 0.85% of its retail sales across the utility’s entire service jurisdiction, not only Bridgeport. In 2018, United Illuminating spent $19,675,000 on energy efficiency programs, which represents 2.44% of its retail revenue.

In 2018, Southern Connecticut Gas reported 1.94 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.63% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. In 2018, Southern Connecticut Gas spent $11,066,797 on energy efficiency, which equates to $61.81 per residential customer. These savings figures cover both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas’s entire service jurisdiction, not just Bridgeport.

United Illuminating offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. Southern Connecticut Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating or Southern Connecticut Gas in the form of a jointly developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: March 2020

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in the Home Energy Solutions—Income-Eligible Program, which is a direct install weatherization that provides qualifying customers energy efficiency products to help reduce their energy bills and make their homes more efficient at no cost of all fuel types. The direct install services include health and safety testing, blower door guided air sealing, duct sealing, installation of efficient domestic hot water products such as low flow aerators, low flow showerheads, and pipe wrap. Additionally, during the direct install visit the entire home is evaluated for the potential of add-on measure installations which are classified as appliances, insulation, window, hot water systems, HVAC system replacements. There may be a co-pay associated with add-on measures. HES-IE Application and HES brochure provided as back-up documentation.

The utilities work with community partners to promote the program, such as local public health departments, nonprofits running lead abatement programs, hospitals, local housing agencies, and Community Action Agencies. HES-IE also coordinates with the Weatherization Assistance Program, as the programs cost share all energy efficiency products to help maximize the WAP funding on health and safety barriers. Additionally, HES-IE partners with lead abatement programs and hospitals to help leverage their health and safety funds to incorporate energy efficiency into as many homes as possible.

In 2018, United Illuminating achieved 3,647 MWh of energy savings, while spending $2,731,548 on its low-income programs and served 2,607 customers with their low-income programs. Southern Connecticut Gas’s low-income programs achieved 0.00033 MMtherms of savings, while spending $3,217,032 and serving 2,818 customers in 2018.

Multifamily Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in Energize Connecticut’s Multifamily Initiative. This comprehensive program provides customized solutions for existing multifamily properties with five or more dwelling units, and includes assistance with energy efficiency upgrade projects, comprehensive energy assessments of the a building's energy-saving opportunities, and incentives and financing for energy-saving efficiency upgrades regardless of fuel type.

The Multifamily Initiative is offered to property managers, property owners, architects, etc. for both market rate and low-income properties. The Multifamily Initiative is open to any customer, regardless of heating fuel type, within the UI and SCG service territories. The Multifamily Initiative allows a customer to choose their own contractors and create their own contractual agreements with them for work completed. The Multifamily Initiative is tailored to the multifamily segment and combines aspects of the Companies’ residential energy efficiency programs, such as Home Energy Solutions and HES-Income Eligible, with the Companies’ commercial and industrial programs, including the Energy Opportunities, Energy Conscious Blueprint, and Small Business Energy Advantage programs. This approach offers flexibility to multifamily property owners and their tenants to save energy and money under a seamless umbrella initiative. MF Application and Financing documents provided as back-up documentation.

In 2018, United Illuminating’s multifamily efficiency programs achieved 1,567 MWh and served 1,477 customers with their multifamily programs. Southern Connecticut saved .001 MMtherms and served 1,503 customers with their multifamily programs in 2018.

Last Updated: March 2020

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Southern Connecticut Gas provides automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for commercial buildings. The City of Bridgeport does not advocate for better access to utility data for ratepayers or the establishment of data-sharing agreements between the city and its utilities.

Last Updated: March 2020

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

United Illuminating did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems in 2018.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

In 2018, the City of Bridgeport partnered with United Illuminating to install an 8,550-panel solar array on the City’s capped landfill, which produces enough energy to supply 400 homes per year. To the best of our knowledge, the City of Bridgeport does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating to promote renewable generation nor has actively advocated to the public utility commission on renewable energy issues.

Last Updated: February 2020

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

At this time, neither Southern Connecticut Gas nor United Illuminating Company offers joint energy and water efficiency programs with Aquarion Water Company, Bridgeport’s local water utility. At this point, the City of Bridgeport and its water utility have not established a water savings target or goal.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

The wastewater utility has not set specific energy efficiency targets or strategies, but it does purchase new energy efficient equipment when old equipment is at the end of its use cycle. For example, two blowers for the aeration system were recently replaced with one high efficiency blower to save $250,000 per year in electricity. The city’s water system currently does not self-generate its own energy.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transportation
Score: 7 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

We did not find a stand-alone sustainable transportation plan, but the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes a transportation section that states an emissions reductions goal that is equivalent to roughly 715 million VMT a year. The City has a goal in 2019 Plan Bridgeport to adopt a policy to promote a shift in transportation modes from single-occupancy vehicles to transit, bicycling, and walking by investing in bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure.

VMT/GHG Target and Stringency

At this time, the City does not have a codified vehicle miles traveled (VMT) or greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

We could not determine if the City tracks VMT or GHG numbers.

Last Updated: March 2020

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan states that the city promotes transit-oriented development to enable 10,000 new housing units within Bridgeport's urban core. Bridgeport has a TOD plan for the area around the planned Barnum train Station. The City is prioritizing TOD in its upcoming Zone Bridgeport code update.

Residential Parking Policies

Minimum parking requirements have been removed for all Downtown Village District zones, Office-Retail and Office-Retail-General zones, and Neighborhood Core Village District zones adjacent or Downtown Village District zones. This development was recent and is not reflected in the latest publicly-available amendment to the zoning code.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

The City has a Commercial Village Overlay District that encourages pedestrian-oriented mixed-use development.

Last Updated: March 2020

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

The City aims to shift 10,000 vehicle miles of work-related travel per year from roadway to train and shift 1,888,000 vehicle miles of work-related travel per year from roadway to bus. Additionally, the City wants to shift in-city work trips from automobile travel to walk or bike trips under one mile.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if the City is on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is not yet served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The GBT and BPT transit systems that serve Bridgeport have received $27,296,945 on average annually between 2014 and 2018. That equates to roughly $28.92 per capita between 2014 and 2018 within the Authority's service area. 

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Bridgeport’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 6.9, scoring .5 points in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Bridgeport does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 9 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

The City's renewably sourced mix already accounts for over 85% of the city's power. As a result, the City was awarded a point by default in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2020

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Bridgeport does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place, nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2020

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Per Bridgeport Zoning Code, the Incentive Housing Overlay Zone (O-IH) is designed to encourage and promote the development of affordable housing in the city's downtown as well as other areas of the city contiguous to downtown or otherwise served by bus transit or within walking distance of its transportation assets and quality of life amenities.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Bridgeport does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Last Updated: March 2020