State and Local Policy Database

Bridgeport

City Scorecard Rank

42

Bridgeport, CT

27.00Scored out of 100Updated 8/2019
Local Government Score:
3 out of 9 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

The City of Bridgeport released the Bridgeport Municipal Plan in 2010. The Plan outlines several efficiency and resource conservation actions the city may pursue.

Climate Mitigation Goal

The Plan established a goal to reduce emissions from municipal operations 30% below 2007 levels by 2030. ACEEE does not project the city will meet its GHG emissions reduction goal for local government operations because no data was available to make a projection. 

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a municipal energy reduction goal.

Renewable Energy Goal

We did not find information regarding a municipal renewable energy goal.

Last updated: March 2019

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

We did not find information on a fleet procurement or fuel efficiency policies in Bridgeport, but the City’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes goals and actions to shift fleet to plug-in electric vehicles. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition.

Public Lighting

Through a United Illuminating program 83% of streetlight fixtures in Bridgeport have been upgraded to LEDs. We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if Bridgeport has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting 

Bridgeport benchmarks 100% of city buildings in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. Benchmarking all municipal buildings allows the City to prioritize retrofits, project long-term funding needs, and incorporate retrofit needs into funding requests.

Public Workforce Commuting

We did not find information on a policy aimed at reducing commutes of city employees, such as flexible schedules or telework.

Last updated: March 2019

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 5 out of 16 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of Bridgeport adopted its Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan in 2010 to guide its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Last updated: June 2019

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The city’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan has a community-wide goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20% below 2007 levels by 2020 and 30% by 2030. ACEEE does not project the city will achieve its community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal because no data was available to make a projection. The city released one community-wide greenhouse gas inventory for 2008.

Energy Reduction Goal

The city does not have a community-wide energy reduction goal, but the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan highlights green buildings and retrofits as a key component of their greenhouse gas reduction strategy.

Renewable Energy Goal

The City of Bridgeport does not have an explicit renewable energy target, but the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan states a general intention to increase the amount of renewable resources.

Energy Data Reporting

The city uploads community-wide energy data on an online dashboard as part of their participation in Energize Connecticut’s Clean Energy Communities initiative. 

Last updated: June 2019

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether permanent city staff have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting outreach for multiple clean energy initiatives to marginalized groups compared with outreach to other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: June 2019

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The City of Bridgeport established an Energy Improvement District in accordance to House Bill 7432. The Energy Improvement District is overseen by a 7-member board consisting of the city's chief administrative officer (or his/her designee), director of planning and economic development (or his/her designee), the director of public facilities (or his/her designee), and four electors or representatives of businesses within the boundaries of the district. Bridgeport also offers property tax exemptions for cogeneration systems that are a part of a microgrid and serve municipal buildings.

Last updated: June 2019

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The city’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes a goal to plant 27,510 trees to reduce residential energy used for heating and cooling.

Last updated: June 2019

Buildings Policies
Score: 7 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

Bridgeport does not have the authority to adopt its own codes. The city offers building owners a single incentive for solar installation. The city does not have policies in place to ensure energy code enforcement, nor has the city adopted a benchmarking and disclosure policy. 

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All

Overview

The State of Connecticut requires cities to adhere to state-adopted commercial and residential energy codes. Connecticut adopted the 2015 IECC with state amendments in 2018. To learn more about the building energy code requirements for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Commercial properties must adhere to the 2015 IECC with state amendments. The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 55.0.

Residential

Residential properties must adhere to the 2015 IECC with state amendments. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 53.9.

Solar- and EV-ready

The city has not passed an ordinance mandating new construction be solar- and/or EV-ready.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Bridgeport does not have any full time employees solely dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city does not require plan reviews, site inspections, nor performance testing as a means of compliance verification. The city does not offer upfront support for energy code compliance.

Last updated: March 2019

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial and multifamily

Bridgeport does not have a benchmarking, rating, and disclosure policy for commercial and/or multifamily properties.

Single-family     

The city has not adopted a single-family benchmarking and disclosure policy.

Last updated: March 2019

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable EnergyList All

The city offers a single tax exemption incentive for new solar energy installations.

Last updated: March 2019

Required Energy ActionsList All

Bridgeport has not adopted a policy requiring building owners to conduct any additional above-code energy-saving actions.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

Bridgeport has a goal to have 15% of each formal city contract value go to Minority Business Enterprises and another 15% of contract value go to Women Business Enterprises. 

Last updated: June 2019

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

United Illuminating, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of Bridgeport. The primary natural gas supplier for Bridgeport is Southern Connecticut Gas, an IOU. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The Aquarion Water Company is the private utility that provides the City of Bridgeport with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2019

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2017, United Illuminating reported 94,629 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 1.86% of its retail sales across the utility’s entire service jurisdiction, not only Bridgeport. In 2017, Southern Connecticut Gas reported 1.36 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.50% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. These savings figures cover both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas’s entire service jurisdiction, not just Bridgeport. United Illuminating offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. Southern Connecticut Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating or Southern Connecticut Gas in the form of a jointly-developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: March 2019

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in the Home Energy Solutions—Income-Eligible Program available to qualified low-income residential customers in both single and multifamily buildings. Eversource also runs New Construction, Retail Products, and Residential Financing programs for income-eligible customers. The Home Energy Solutions program provides no-cost weatherization measures and low-cost energy efficiency upgrades. Direct-install weatherization measures include air sealing, duct sealing, lighting fixtures, water efficiency measures, and insulation. Additionally, during the direct install visit, the home receives an energy audit for potential add-on measure installations such as appliances, insulation, window replacement, hot water systems, and HVAC system replacements. The program may include a co-pay associated with the add-on measures. They work with community partners to promote the program, such as local public health departments, nonprofits running lead abatement programs, hospitals, local housing agencies, and Community Action Agencies. HES-IE also coordinates with the Weatherization Assistance Program, as the programs cost share all energy efficiency products to help maximize the WAP funding on health and safety barriers. Additionally, HES-IE partners with lead abatement programs and hospitals to help leverage their health and safety funds to incorporate energy efficiency into as many homes as possible.

In 2017, United Illuminating achieved 3,255 MWh of savings while serving 3,827 customers with their low-income programs. Southern Connecticut Gas’s low-income programs achieved 0.37 MMtherms of savings while serving 1,319 customers in 2017.

Multifamily Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in Energize Connecticut’s Multifamily Initiative. This comprehensive program provides customized solutions for existing multifamily properties with five or more dwelling units, and includes: assistance with energy efficiency upgrade projects, comprehensive energy assessments of the building's energy-saving opportunities, and incentives and financing for energy-saving efficiency upgrades.

The Multifamily Initiative is offered to property managers and building owners for both market-rate and low-income properties. The Multifamily Initiative is open to any customer, regardless of heating fuel type, within the UI and SCG service territories. The Multifamily Initiative provides comprehensive energy efficiency upgrades by focusing on the building’s dwelling units, common areas, and exterior spaces. Tenant-occupied areas receive direct install measures, such as air sealing, hot water savings measures, ductwork sealing, and the installation of energy-efficient lighting. The Multifamily Initiative also provides incentivizes for add-on measures, which may include insulation, heating and cooling equipment, hot water heating equipment, appliances, windows, smart Thermostats, and lighting fixtures and controls.

In 2017, United Illuminating’s multifamily efficiency programs achieved 1,241 MWh and served 2,140 customers with their multifamily programs. Southern Connecticut Gas saved 0.03 MMtherms and served 856 customers with their multifamily programs in 2017.

Last Updated: March 2019

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Southern Connecticut Gas Company and United Illuminating provide automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for any commercially coded meter, which includes commercial, municipal, and board of education buildings. At this time, City of Bridgeport does not advocate for better access to utility data for ratepayers or the establishment of data-sharing agreements between the city and its utilities.

Last Updated: March 2019

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2017, United Illuminating did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

In 2017, the City of Bridgeport partnered with United Illuminating to install an 8,550-panel solar array on the City’s capped landfill, which produces enough energy to supply 400 homes per year. To the best of our knowledge, the City of Bridgeport does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating to promote renewable generation nor has actively advocated to the public utility commission on renewable energy issues.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

At this time, neither Southern Connecticut Gas nor United Illuminating Co. offers joint energy and water efficiency programs with Aquarion Water Company, Bridgeport’s local water utility. At this point, the City of Bridgeport nor its water utility has established a water savings target or goal.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

The wastewater utility has not set specific energy efficiency targets or strategies, but it does purchase new energy efficient equipment when old equipment is at the end of its use cycle. For example, two blowers for the aeration system were recently replaced with one high efficiency blower to save $250,000 per year in electricity. The city’s water system currently does not self-generate its own energy.

Last Updated: March 2019

Transportation
Score: 7 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

We did not find a stand-alone sustainable transportation plan, but the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan includes a transportation section that states an emissions reductions goal that is equivalent to roughly 715 million VMT a year.

VMT/GHG Target and Stringency

At this time, the City does not have a codified vehicle miles traveled (VMT) or greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

We could not determine if the City tracks VMT or GHG numbers.

Last Updated: March 2019

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan states that the city promotes transit-oriented development to enable 10,000 new housing units within Bridgeport's urban core.

Residential Parking Policies

Minimum parking requirements have been removed for all Downtown Village District zones, Office-Retail and Office-Retail-General zones, and Neighborhood Core Village District zones adjacent or Downtown Village District zones. This development was recent and is not reflected in the latest publicly-available amendment to the zoning code.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

The City has a Commercial Village Overlay District that encourages pedestrian-oriented mixed-use development.

Last Updated: March 2019

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

The City aims to shift 10,000 vehicle miles of work-related travel per year from roadway to train and shift 1,888,000 vehicle miles of work-related travel per year from roadway to bus. Additionally, the City wants to shift in-city work trips from automobile travel to walk or bike trips under one mile.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

We could not determine if the City is on track to meet its goals.

Complete Streets

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not have a complete streets policy.

Car Sharing

At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is not yet served by a bike share system.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The GBT and BPT transit systems that serve Bridgeport have received $13,400,412.20 in average annual funding from 2013-2017. This funding level is $14.15 per resident in the service territory of the agency, putting it in the lowest category ($0-19) available in the City Scorecard.

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Bridgeport’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 7, putting it in the third highest category (7-7.99) available in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Bridgeport does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 9 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Bridgeport has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Bridgeport does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place, nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2019

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Per Bridgeport Zoning Code, the Incentive Housing Overlay Zone (O-IH) is designed to encourage and promote the development of affordable housing in the city's downtown as well as other areas of the city contiguous to downtown or otherwise served by bus transit or within walking distance of its transportation assets and quality of life amenities.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Bridgeport does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

At this time, the City of Bridgeport does not provide low-income households with access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: March 2019