State and Local Policy Database


City Scorecard Rank


Hartford, CT

22.00Scored out of 100Updated 5/2017
Local Government Score:
1.5 out of 10 points
Local Government Summary List All

Hartford does not currently have an overarching plan for improving energy efficiency in the city’s internal government operations, but the city's Clean Energy Taskforce is developing an energy reduction plan. The city also benchmarks energy use in its public buildings and has adopted an energy savings goal for its public buildings.  

Last updated: February 2017

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

Hartford's Clean Energy Taskforce is developing an energy reduction plan for the city, which will include strategies for local government assets. The primary focus of the plan will be energy consumption in buildings; transportation-related energy use may be added after the initial plan is released.






We could not confirm the frequency of the city's public reporting on its energy efficiency activities.

Last updated: January 2017

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

We did not find information regarding fuel efficiency requirements for the public fleet. We also did not find information on a fleet right-sizing policy, culling requirements, anti-idling policy for fleet vehicles, or other policies to encourage the efficient use of the public fleet.

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Hartford has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance.

New Buildings and Equipment

We did not find information regarding energy efficiency requirements for new public buildings or efficiency requirements in the city’s procurement policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

Hartford benchmarks the energy use of all its public buildings in DOE's Portfolio Manager.  We could not confirm the existence of comprehensive retrofit strategies for public buildings in Hartford.  

Public Employees

We could not find data on policies that reduce the commutes of city workers, such as flex schedules and teleworking policies in Hartford.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 1.5 out of 12 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

In 2012, the Hartford City Council, in partnership with neighborhood associations and the Advisory Council on the Environment, organized a regional energy summit for local and surrounding communities, the Hartford Environmental Summit. During the summit, the city discussed steps communities can take to transform into sustainable communities. Otherwise, Hartford has few community-wide initiatives related to energy efficiency, but does pursue strategies that reduce the urban heat island effect.

Last updated: January 2017 

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

The city does not currently have community-wide energy efficiency goals.

Last updated: January 2017 

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

Hartford does not have programs or policies to plan for future district energy systems.   

Last updated: January 2017 

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The City of Hartford and KNOX, a local nonprofit, commissioned American Forests to create Hartford’s Urban Tree Canopy Assessment & Planting Plan. The plan includes an urban heat island mitigation goal to plant 20,000 trees in 20 years between 2010 and 2030, increasing the city's tree canopy by 10%.

The city has adopted a private tree protection ordinance for trees with a diameter at breast height of at least 13 inches. We did not find information on any policies that require or incentivize with low impact development (LID) or conservation of private land.

Last updated: January 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 3.5 out of 28 points
Buildings Summary List All

Hartford does not have building sector initiatives to improve efficiency. Licenses and Inspections, within the Development Department, manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for the City of Hartford.

Last Updated: January 2017

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

The State of Connecticut requires residential and commercial buildings to comply with the Connecticut State Building Code which references the 2012 IECC. To learn more about the required building codes for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database


Commercial construction in Hartford complies with the Connecticut State Building Code. The city has not yet begun advocating for increased stringency in commercial building energy codes.


Residential construction in Hartford complies with the Connecticut State Building Code. The city has not yet begun advocating for increased stringency in residential building energy codes.

Last Updated: January 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Hartford has internal staff dedicated solely to energy code compliance. Hartford does not require building code officials to complete energy code training. Hartford has not made third-party plan review or performance testing mandatory for code compliance, nor has it established either as a voluntary code compliance option. Hartford does not provide upfront support to developers or owners for energy code compliance.

Last Updated: January 2017

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Green Building Requirements

Hartford has not yet established above-code building requirements for any class of building.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Hartford does not yet require commercial or residential buildings to take energy efficiency actions such as energy audits or retro-commissioning.  

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

Hartford does not currently offer incentives or financing options for energy efficiency improvements.

Last Updated: January 2017

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Hartford does not have mandatory or voluntary programs to encourage building benchmarking in any sector.

The Multiple Listing Service that serves the Hartford region includes fields for energy efficiency features.

Last Updated: January 2017

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 11 out of 20 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Eversource, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving Hartford. Connecticut Natural Gas, an IOU, is Hartford’s primary natural gas utility. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The Metropolitan District (MDC) for the City of Hartford is the municipal utility that provides the city with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: January 2017

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2015, according to Eversource’s demand side management report, they achieved 334,298 MWh in net incremental savings, representing 1.51% of retail sales. To achieve these savings, Eversource spent $145,547,869 on electric efficiency programs in 2015, which amounts to 5.44% of annual revenue. In 2015, Connecticut Natural Gas reported savings of 1.71 MMtherms from natural gas efficiency programs, representing 0.55% of its retail sales. To achieve these savings, Connecticut Natural Gas spent $13,305,901 on natural gas efficiency programs, which are normalized to $85.34 per residential customer. Spending on electricity and natural gas represented in this section covers the entire Connecticut service territory, not just Hartford. Eversource offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial customers. Connecticut Natural Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

Currently, the City of Hartford does not have a formal partnership with Eversource and Connecticut Natural Gas in the form of a jointly-developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement. As a member of the Clean Energy Communities program, the City of Hartford has pledged to promote energy efficiency programs (gas and electric) to residents, small businesses, educational group, local organizations and large C&I companies to increase program participation. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

Both Eversource and Connecticut Natural Gas participate in the Home Energy Solutions—Income-Eligible Program available to qualified low-income residential customers in both single and multifamily buildings. Eversource also runs New Construction, Retail Products, and Residential Financing programs for income-eligible customers. The Home Energy Solutions program provides no-cost weatherization measures and low-cost energy efficiency upgrades. Weatherization measures include air sealing, duct sealing, lighting fixtures, water efficiency measures, and insulation. Energy-efficient upgrades include appliance replacements, water heaters, HVAC systems, and windows. The program also includes funds to address health and safety issues. The utilities streamline eligibility with the federal Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) and Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) requirements, as well as the CT Green Bank application. The program is supported by Energize Connecticut and utilities partner with community action agencies to cost share for WAP-funded projects.

In 2015, according to Eversource, it achieved 14,098 MWh in energy savings from its low-income programs, while spending $17,795,096 on its low-income efficiency portfolio. These programs served 12,023 low-income customers, with each household receiving an average of $1,480 and saving an average of 1,173 kWh. In 2015, according to Connecticut Natural Gas, it achieved 0.45 MMtherms in energy savings from its low-income programs, while spending $4,533,997 on its low-income efficiency portfolio. These programs served 4,036 low-income customers, with each household receiving an average of $1,123 and saving an average of 112 therms.

Multifamily Programs

Both Eversource and Connecticut Natural Gas participate in Energize Connecticut’s Multifamily Initiative. This comprehensive program offers a thorough energy assessment, helpful strategies to identify and install cost-effective energy improvements, assistance with planned energy projects, and incentives and financing for energy efficiency upgrades.

Last Updated: June 2017

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

In order for customers to access their own energy data, both Connecticut Natural Gas (CNG) and Connecticut Light and Power (CL&P) have implemented the Green Button data sharing platform for its customers. Neither CNG nor CL&P provide energy usage data to building managers for input into automated benchmarking services. Upon request, CL&P and CNG will provide municipalities with aggregate energy consumption data for facilities within their jurisdiction on an annual basis. At this time, the City of Hartford does not advocate for improvements in data provision by its utilities.

Last Updated: January 2017

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

Although the local water and energy utilities do not offer joint efficiency programs in Hartford, Eversource and Connecticut Natural Gas’s Home Energy Solutions and Home Energy Solutions-Income Eligible programs will replace inefficient faucet aerators and showerheads. Hartford’s Metropolitan District (MDC) is currently discussing setting a water savings target, but none is yet in place.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

The MDC has not yet established an energy efficiency goal for water operations, and there are currently no programs in place for energy efficiency in water operations. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Under the Clean Water Project, the MDC developed a five-pronged approach to address the City’s stormwater overflow problem and to comply with a federal consent decree form the EPA and a state consent order from the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. This includes projects to improve inflow and infiltration, large-scale efforts to separate the sewer system, and a program that distributes rain barrels to homeowners.

Currently, there are no dedicated funding or incentive structures in place to further encourage green infrastructure and stormwater management in Hartford.

Last Updated: February 2017

Score: 4.5 out of 30 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Hartford is CT Transit. CT Transit provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including standard and express bus service. The Greater Hartford Transit District also provides public transit in the Hartford area. Capitol Region COG is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses the Hartford area as well as many surrounding counties. The Department of Public Works is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Location Efficiency List All

Hartford has not yet implemented location-efficient zoning codes to be used across the city or in any specific neighborhood. The city requires a minimum of one and a half parking spaces per residential unit in all districts, but one and a quarter in B1 and B2 zones. Across the city, parking may be reduced by 10% if rideshare is promoted and by 30% if a multifamily residence submits a transportation management plan. One space may be removed if a shuttle to downtown is provided. Hartford has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy. There are no incentives available through the city to promote location efficiency.

Last updated: January 2017

Mode Shift List All

Modal Share Targets

Hartford has not yet developed targets to promote a modal shift in transportation.

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There is currently no citywide car sharing program available for use in Hartford, although ZipCar has partnered with Trinity College to offer a university-based sharing program. Hartford is currently in the planning stages in hopes of providing residents and visitors with a bikesharing program.

Complete Streets

Hartford has not yet written or codified a Complete Streets Policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Transit List All

The transit systems that serve Hartford have received $78,594,776 in average annual funding from 2011-2015. This funding level is $64.88 per resident in the service territory of the agency, putting the city in the fifth highest category ($50-99) in transit funding. 

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of Hartford’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 18, putting it in the third highest category (15-29) in transit connectivity. 

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient VehiclesList All

At this time, Hartford does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure. The City of Hartford has made 18 EV charging stations available for public use. 

Last updated: January 2017

Freight List All

Sustainable freight plan

We could not confirm if Hartford has a sustainable freight transportation plan in place or if the city has any policies that address freight efficiency.

Smart freight

We could not confirm if Hartford employs an internet-based application or service to coordinate freight transport.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable freight plan

We could not confirm if Hartford has a sustainable freight transportation plan in place or if the city has any policies that address freight efficiency.

Smart freight

We could not confirm if Hartford employs an internet-based application or service to coordinate freight transport.

Last updated: January 2017

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas List All

We could not confirm if Hartford has requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Last updated: January 2017