State and Local Policy Database

Miami

City Scorecard Rank

55

Miami, FL

22.50Scored out of 100Updated 8/2019
Local Government Score:
2 out of 9 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

MiPlan set a goal to reduce the city government’s greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2015 from 2007 levels, but we were unable to find a current climate mitigation goal. 

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding an energy reduction goal for municipal operations.

Renewable Energy Goal

We were unable to find information regarding a municipal renewable energy goal.

Last updated: March 2019

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

Miami’s Green Fleet Ordinance (City Code Section 22.5) requires fuel efficiency to be considered during city vehicle purchases. The policy also calls for optimizing fleet size by eliminating unnecessary vehicles. We were unable to find data regarding fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if Miami has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. In coordination with Florida Power & Light, the City has implemented an ongoing LED Street Light Conversion Program. In 2018, the Department of Resilience and Public Works selected specific boundaries within each District to begin the conversion from high pressure sodium to LED lights. As of March 2019, approximately 20% of lights have been converted to LED.

Green Building Requirement

Per the Miami 21 Zoning Code (Section 3.13.1), buildings over 50,000 square feet are required to achieve LEED Silver certification. In 2008, the city passed a green purchasing ordinance for all city departments that requires products to meet ENERGY STAR guidelines.

Last updated: June 2019

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

We could not confirm if Miami has a comprehensive retrofit policy, but the City has retrocommissioned most of its top energy users. City of Miami is a partner with Miami Dade County on the Building Efficiency 305 (BE305) initiative which is part of the City Energy Project. The program requires public and private buildings over 20K square feet to report and share publicly their energy usage data via EnergyStar Portfolio Manager. The program has a phased implementation plan but the City intends to have all City-owned properties 20,000 sq ft have their data publicly available by 2020.

Public Workforce Commuting

Miami implements a flexible scheduling policy for city employees.  

Last updated: March 2019

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 3.5 out of 16 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of Miami formally adopted MiPlan, the city’s climate action plan, by resolution in September 2008.

Last updated: June 2019

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

MiPlan includes a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25% below 2006 levels by 2020. ACEEE does not project the city will achieve its community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal because no data was available to make a projection. 

Energy Reduction Goal

The city has a goal to reduce energy use to achieve an emissions reduction of 1,688,000 MtCO2e by 2020.

Renewable Energy Goal

Miami adopted a goal to use 100% renewable energy. The goal does not have a target date.

Energy Data Reporting

The city does not report community-wide energy data.

Last updated: June 2019

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether permanent city staff have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting outreach for multiple clean energy initiatives to marginalized groups compared with outreach to other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: June 2019

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The city waives permitting fees and expedites permits for residential solar systems.

Last updated: June 2019

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

The Tree Master Plan adopted a goal to increase urban tree canopy coverage by 30% by 2020.

Miami requires cool roofs, per Section 3.13 of the city’s Development Code. Additionally, the city has a private tree protection ordinance.

Last updated: June 2019

Buildings Policies
Score: 8 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

The City of Miami enforces the state’s energy code. The city has not established a comprehensive code compliance verification process. Miami has not adopted a benchmarking and disclosure policy. The city offers several incentives for energy efficiency and solar energy projects. Miami requires building owners conduct one above-code energy action.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All

Overview

State of Florida law requires that residential and commercial buildings comply with the 6th Edition Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation. The 6th Edition Florida Building Code, Energy Conservation is based on the 2015 IECC with amendments. The state bars cities from adoption codes more stringent than the state codes. To learn more about Florida’s building energy codes, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

Commercial construction in Miami complies with the Florida building energy codes. The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 53.4. Miami has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in commercial building codes.

Residential

Residential construction in Miami complies with the Florida building energy codes. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 60.7. Miami has not yet begun to advocate to the state level for increased stringency in residential building codes.

Solar- and EV-ready

The city has not passed an ordinance mandating new construction be solar- and/or EV-ready; however, the city proposed establishing EV-ready requirements in residential and commercial buildings. 

Last updated: May 2019

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

Miami does not have any full time employees solely dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city does not require plan reviews, site inspections, nor performance testing as a means of compliance verification. The city does not offer upfront support for energy code compliance. 

Last updated: March 2019

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial and multifamily

Miami does not have a benchmarking, rating, and disclosure policy for commercial and/or multifamily properties.

Single-family     

The city has not adopted a single-family benchmarking and disclosure policy. The multiple listing service that serves the Miami region includes energy efficiency fields for features of homes listed on the market.

Last updated: March 2019

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable EnergyList All

Miami offers six incentives for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Financing is available through the City of Miami PACE programs to residential and commercial building owners making energy efficiency upgrades.

The city offers expedited permitting and density bonuses for residential and commercial building owners implementing green building measures into their buildings.

Please note that each incentive/program is tallied based on the building types and energy resources eligible for award. For example, a PACE financing program that offers energy efficiency and renewable energy financing to both residential and commercial property owners is counted as four incentives.

Last updated: March 2019

Required Energy ActionsList All

Miami requires building owners to conduct one additional above-code energy-saving action: all commercial and large multifamily buildings in specific zones must achieve at least LEED Silver certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 1 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Florida Power & Light (FPL), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving the City of Miami. Florida City Gas, an IOU, is Miami’s primary natural gas supplier. The State of Florida requires its utilities which post sales of 2,000 GWh or more to implement cost-effective energy efficiency programs and to conduct energy efficiency potential studies. Natural gas programs are required by orders and legislation. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Florida page of the State Database.

The Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department is the municipal-county utility that provides Miami with drinking water, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management services.

Last Updated: March 2019

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2017, according to Energy Information Administration, Florida Power & Light achieved 58,052 MWh in net incremental savings, representing 0.05% of retail sales. In 2017, Florida City Gas either did not spend or did not report spending on natural gas efficiency programs. Savings on electricity efficiency represented in this section covers the entire Florida service territory, not just Miami. FPL offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this time, the City of Miami does not have a formal partnership with FPL or Florida City Gas in the form of a jointly-developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement. Community Action and Human Services of Miami has an established partnership with Florida Power & Light as well as other community organizations to provide bill assistance to qualifying customers, but does not partner on efficiency programs.

Last Updated: March 2019

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

FPL offers a Residential Low-Income Program to income-qualified customers. This program includes an energy survey, followed by measures including weatherization (caulking/stripping/door sweeps), duct testing and repair, air conditioning unit maintenance, air conditioning outdoor coil cleaning, faucet aerators, low-flow showerheads, and water heater pipe wrap. The program is delivered through federal Weatherization Assistance Program agencies and through the utility conducting energy retrofits in select neighborhoods. Customers who are eligible for federally funded programs that provide financial assistance are automatically qualified. We were unable to confirm low-income program savings and customers served in 2017.

At this time, Florida City Gas does not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at multifamily properties.

Multifamily Programs

At this time, FPL and Florida City Gas do not offer energy efficiency programs targeted at multifamily properties.

Last Updated: March 2019

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

FP&L does not provide Miami’s building managers with automatic benchmarking data for use in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. At this time, the City of Miami does not advocate to the state for improvements in data provision by the utilities.

Last Updated: March 2019

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2017, FPL did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

At this time, we cannot confirm if city of Miami participates in activities or strategies to help spur or encourage more utility-scale or distributed renewable energy generation from its local electric utility, such as testifying in public utility commission proceedings related to renewable energy, creating a formal partnership with the electric utility on renewable generation, or participating in utility planning efforts to increase renewable generation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

The City of Miami has an online a water efficiency pledge which includes energy efficiency measures, and they also offer high efficiency rebates for water fixtures. In 2006, the Miami-Dade County Board of County Commissioners adopted the Miami-Dade Water-Use Efficiency Plan through city resolution, with a goal of reducing water consumption by 1.5 million gallons per day by 2015 from a 2007 baseline. As a part of the implementation, the plan administered a variety of customer programs including rebates and free water-saving measures including shower heads, toilets, and landscape irrigation. The goal of the plan was exceeded in year 2015, and it’s estimated that the city will be able to save more than 14.25 million gallons of water per day by 2017.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

At this point, the City of Miami has not established a goal or programs for energy efficiency through the municipal water service operation system. The city’s water system does not self-generate its own energy.

Last Updated: March 2019

Transportation
Score: 8 out of 30 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving the City of Miami is Miami-Dade Transit. MDT also provides the public transportation for the city and the broader metropolitan area, including train, bus, and light rail service. Miami Urbanized Area MPO is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses Miami, and many surrounding cities and towns in South Florida. Public Works and Waste Management is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

Miami’s GreenPrint Plan contains strategies for creating and connecting sustainable neighborhoods and providing more transportation options and reducing the time spent in cars.

VMT/GHG Target and Stringency

At this time, the City does not have a codified vehicle miles traveled (VMT) or greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

We could not determine if the City tracks VMT or GHG numbers.

Last Updated: March 2019

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

Miami 21 is the city’s mandatory, citywide smart code that was adopted in 2009 and uses form-based zoning to encourage smart growth.

Residential Parking Policies

The City allows two parking spaces per residential unit.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

There are no incentives available through the City to promote location efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2019

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

At this time, the City does not have a codified mode share target for trips within the city.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

No progress has been achieved, as there are no targets in place.

Complete Streets

Miami adopted its complete streets policy in 2009, through Resolution No. 09-00274. The adoption of the guidelines encourages the inclusion of complete streets principles in road construction and maintenance projects.

Car Sharing

There are three car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of Miami, Car2go, zipcar, and Hertz OnDemand. At this time, the City does not have a formal policy in place to provide dedicated on-street and off-street parking for carshare vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The City is served by a bike sharing program, Citi Bike Miami with 58 docked stations and approximately 550 bikes citywide at any time.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The MDT transit system that serves Miami received $273,580,143.80 in average annual funding from 2013-2017. This funding level is $45.45 per resident in the service territory of the agency, putting it in the fourth highest category ($20-49) available in the City Scorecard.

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. Miami’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 8.7, putting it in the second highest category (8-8.99) available in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, Miami does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

There are no incentives available for the construction of EV charging infrastructure.

EV Charging Locations

The City owns 86 charging stations available for public use.

Renewable Charging Incentives

At this time, the City of Miami has no incentives or requirements available for the installation of private or public EV charging infrastructure powered by renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.).

Last Updated: March 2019

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Miami does not yet have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place, but freight is a major component of Miami's Long-Range Transportation Plan. Specific goals have not been set, but performance measurements have been identified for several goals.

Last Updated: March 2019

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

Miami does not have any requirements or incentives in place to develop or preserve affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

Miami does not currently provide rebates or incentives to low-income residents for efficient transportation options.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

In the City of Miami, almost 59% of low-income households have access to high-quality transit.

Last Updated: April 2019