State and Local Policy Database

New Haven

City Scorecard Rank

51

New Haven, CT

23.50Scored out of 100Updated 8/2019
Local Government Score:
Score: 1 out of 9 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Local government emissions reductions contribute towards the city's goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 55% below 1999 levels by 2030. ACEEE does not project the city will achieve its GHG emissions reduction goal for local government operations because no data was available to make a projection. 

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding an energy reduction goal for municipal operations.

Renewable Energy Goal

New Haven has a goal to power 100% of government operations with renewable energy.

Last updated: March 2020

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on a formal fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, New Haven lists in its Climate and Sustainability Framework a goal to improve vehicle efficiency through implementing an ordinance to require the municipal vehicle fleet to meet a municipal efficiency of 30 mpg. We were unable to find data regarding New Haven’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

We could not verify that New Haven has adopted a policy similar to the Model Lighting Ordinance, but the city does have ordinances to address excessive light. New Haven has converted all of its streetlights to LED. 

Onsite renewable systems

We were unable to find information regarding onsite renewable energy systems in New Haven.

Inclusive procurement

We could not verify if the city has inclusive procurement and contracting processes.

Last updated: March 2020

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting 

We were unable to find information regarding New Haven’s benchmarking practices or retrofit strategies. 

Public Workforce Commuting 

We did not find information on a policy aimed at reducing commutes of city employees, such as flexible schedules or telework.

Last updated: March 2019

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 5 out of 16 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of New Haven developed the Climate and Sustainability Framework to guide the city’s actions against climate change.

Last updated: March 2020

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Through the Climate and Sustainability Framework, New Haven established a goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, with an interim goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 55% below 1999 levels by 2030. ACEEE projects the city will meet its community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal. 

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide energy reduction goal for the city.

Renewable Energy Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide renewable energy goal for the city.

Energy Data Reporting

The city does not report community-wide energy data.

Last updated: March 2020

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether permanent city staff have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting outreach for multiple clean energy initiatives to marginalized groups compared with outreach to other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Accountability to Equity

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: March 2020

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

The city has not adopted a formal policy, rule, or agreement that supports the creation of clean distributed energy systems.

Last updated: March 2020

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

We could not verify if the city has adopted an urban heat island mitigation goal nor if the city has adopted policies that target reductions in urban heat island effects.

Last updated: March 2020

Buildings Policies
Score: 5 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

New Haven does not have the authority to adopt building energy codes at the municipal level and thus enforces Connecticut’s code. We could not find information on city mandated benchmarking policies, incentives, or above-code energy action requirements.

Last updated: March 2020

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All

Overview

The State of Connecticut requires residential and commercial buildings to comply with the Connecticut State Building Code. The state’s code references the 2015 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). To learn more about the required building codes for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database

Commercial

New Haven requires 2015 IECC for commercial buildings The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 51.6.

Residential

New Haven requires 2015 IECC for residential buildings. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 55.9.

Solar- and EV-ready

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted solar- and/or EV-ready ordinances.

Last updated: March 2020

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

We could not find information on the number of full time employees the city staffs to enforce the energy code. The city requires plan reviews and site inspections to verify code compliance. While the city's code calls for performance testing, we were unable to determine how the city confirms performance testing. We could not find information regarding upfront support for energy code compliance.

Last updated: March 2020

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial and multifamily

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted a mandatory benchmarking and disclosure policy for commercial and multifamily buildings.

Single-family     

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted a mandatory benchmarking and disclosure policy for single-family home.

Last updated: March 2020

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable EnergyList All

The city offers two incentive programs for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

The City has participated in and promotes the State Green Bank's C-PACE program. 

The City's Liviable Cities Initiative has an Energy Efficiency Rehabilitation Program that offers financial assistance for energy efficiency retrofits. 

Last updated: March 2020

Required Energy ActionsList All

We could not find information on whether the city requires building owners to conduct additional above-code energy actions. 

Last updated: March 2020

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: March 2020

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 4.5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

United Illuminating Company, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of New Haven. The primary natural gas supplier for New Haven is Southern Connecticut Gas, an IOU. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority is the water utility that provides the City of New Haven with drinking water services, while the Greater New Haven Water Pollution Control Authority manages the city’s wastewater treatment and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2020

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2018, United Illuminating reported 44,320 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 0.85% of its retail sales across the utility’s entire service jurisdiction, not only New Haven. In 2018, United Illuminating spent $19,675,000 on energy efficiency programs, which represents 2.44% of its retail revenue.

In 2018, Southern Connecticut Gas reported 1.94 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.63% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. In 2018, Southern Connecticut Gas spent $11,066,797 on energy efficiency, which equates to $61.81 per residential customer. These savings figures cover both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas’s entire service jurisdiction, not just New Haven.

United Illuminating offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. Southern Connecticut Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this time, the City of New Haven does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating or Southern Connecticut Gas in the form of a jointly developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: March 2020

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in the Home Energy Solutions—Income-Eligible Program (HES-IE) available to qualified low-income residential customers in both single and multifamily buildings. Eversource also runs New Construction, Retail Products, and Residential Financing programs for income-eligible customers. The HES-IE program provides no-cost weatherization measures and low-cost energy efficiency upgrades. Direct-install weatherization measures include health and safety testing, blower door guided air sealing, duct sealing, installation of efficient domestic hot water products such as low flow aerators, low flow showerheads, and pipe wrap. Additionally, during the direct install visit the entire home is evaluated for the potential of add-on measure installations which are classified as appliances, insulation, window, hot water systems, HVAC system replacements. There may be a co-pay associated with add-on measures.

HES-IE program implementers work with community partners to promote the program, such as local public health departments, nonprofits running lead abatement programs, hospitals, local housing agencies, and Community Action Agencies. HES-IE also coordinates with the Weatherization Assistance Program, as the programs cost share all energy efficiency products to help maximize the WAP funding on health and safety barriers. Additionally, HES-IE partners with lead abatement programs and hospitals to help leverage their health and safety funds to incorporate energy efficiency into as many homes as possible.

In 2018, United Illuminating achieved 3,647 MWh of savings, while spending $2,731,549 on its low-income program and served 2,607 customers. Southern Connecticut Gas’s low-income programs achieved 0.00033 MMtherms of savings, while spending $3,217,033 on its low-income programs and served2,818 customers in 2018.

Multifamily Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in Energize Connecticut’s Multifamily Initiative. This comprehensive program provides customized solutions for existing multifamily properties with five or more dwelling units, and includes: assistance with energy efficiency upgrade projects, comprehensive energy assessments of the building's energy-saving opportunities, and incentives and financing for energy-saving efficiency upgrades regardless of fuel type.

The Multifamily Initiative is offered to property managers, property owners, and architects for both market-rate and low-income properties. The Multifamily Initiative is open to any customer, regardless of heating fuel type, within the UI and SCG service territories. The Multifamily Initiative allows a customer to choose their own contractors and create their own contractual agreements with them for work completed. The Multifamily Initiative provides comprehensive energy efficiency upgrades by focusing on the building’s dwelling units, common areas, and exterior spaces. Tenant-occupied areas receive direct install measures, such as air sealing, hot water savings measures, ductwork sealing, and the installation of energy-efficient lighting. The Multifamily Initiative also provides incentivizes for add-on measures, which may include insulation, heating and cooling equipment, hot water heating equipment, appliances, windows, smart Thermostats, and lighting fixtures and controls. The Multifamily Initiative is tailored to the multifamily segment and combines aspects of the Companies’ residential energy efficiency programs, such as Home Energy Solutions (“HES”) and HES-Income Eligible, with the Companies’ commercial and industrial (“C&I”) programs, including the Energy Opportunities, Energy Conscious Blueprint, and Small Business Energy Advantage (“SBEA”) programs. This approach offers flexibility to multifamily property owners and their tenants to save energy and money under a seamless umbrella initiative.

In 2018, United Illuminating’s multifamily efficiency programs achieved 1,567 MWh and served 1,477 customers with their multifamily programs. Southern Connecticut Gas saved 0.0010 MMtherms and served 1,503 customers with their multifamily programs in 2018. Spending values for United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut for 2018 were not available.

Last Updated: March 2020

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Southern Connecticut Gas provides automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for commercial buildings. The City of New Haven does not advocate for better access to utility data for ratepayers or the establishment of data-sharing agreements between the city and its utilities.

Last Updated: March 2020

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2018, United Illuminating did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

The Board of Alders City Services and the Environmental Policy Committee recently voted unanimously in support of a proposed resolution that would have the city formally call on the state legislature and the governor to pass enabling legislation to allow for Community Choice Aggregation to be created in Connecticut.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

At this time, the energy and water utilities do not offer joint energy and water efficiency programs. At this point, the City of New Haven has not established a water savings target or goal.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

We could not confirm if the water utility has set specific energy efficiency targets or strategies.

The Greater New Haven Water Pollution Control Authority operates one of the largest processing facilities in the nation for disposing fats, oils, and grease (FOG) and processes this by heating to remove 99% of the water and then uses the result as supplemental fuel in the sludge incinerator. In addition, the GNHWPA issued a Request for Proposals for the beneficial use of thermal energy from the exhaust gases currently discharged by the sludge burning incinerator at the East Shore Treatment Facility.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transportation
Score: 8 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

New Haven's Climate Action Plan, released in January 2018, includes several measures to reduce transportation GHG emissions.

VMT/GHG Targets and Stringency

New Haven does not have a VMT/GHG target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

New Haven does not track progress towards a VMT/GHG target.

Last Updated: March 2019

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

New Haven’s zoning code includes mixed-use district overlays to encourage compact, mixed-use development. 

Residential Parking Policies

We could not confirm if New Haven has removed minimum parking requirements for single-family and two-family homes.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

New Haven does not provide location efficiency incentives or require location efficiency disclosure.

Last Updated: March 2019

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

New Haven does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

New Haven does not track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

New Haven’s complete streets policy scored an 46.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if New Haven has a supportive parking policy for carsharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 152.66 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

New Haven spends an average of $30.48 per capita on transit.

Access to Transit Services

The city has an All Transit Performance score of 7.1 out of 10.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, New Haven does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

We could not confirm if the city has any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

New Haven has 8.40 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if New Haven has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation. However, the city’s electric grid mix is comprised of more than 85% renewables so any existing charging stations are already drawing on comparatively clean energy sources.

Last Updated: May 2019

Freight System EfficiencyList All

New Haven does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2019

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

New Haven does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

New Haven does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in New Haven.  

Last Updated: March 2019