State and Local Policy Database

New Haven

City Scorecard Rank

55

New Haven, CT

24.50Scored out of 100Updated 10/2020
Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 3.5 out of 15 points
Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Through the Climate and Sustainability Framework, New Haven established a goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, with an interim goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 55% below 1999 levels by 2030. Based on ACEEE’s analysis of past years emissions data, ACEEE projects that the city will meet its near-term community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal. 

Energy Efficiency Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide energy reduction goal for the city.

Renewable Energy Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide renewable energy goal for the city.

Last updated: August 2023

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether relevant decision-makers have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting engagement for multiple clean energy initiatives with marginalized groups compared to engagement with other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

We were unable to determine if the city has created a formal role for marginalized community residents or local organizations representing those communities to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Equity Accountability Measures

We were unable to determine whether the city has adopted specific goals, metrics, or protocols to track how multiple energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are affecting local marginalized groups. 

Last updated: August 2023

Clean Distributed Energy ResourcesList All

The city has not adopted a formal policy, rule, or agreement that supports the creation of clean distributed energy systems.

Last updated: August 2023

Mitigation of Heat Islands List All

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Policies and Programs

New Haven requires public plazas to use design materials that are highly reflective and/or pervious pavement or vegetative pavers.

Resilience Hubs

We were unable to determine if the city has supported the creation of resilience hubs that incorporate clean energy resources and are sited in disadvantaged communities.

Last updated: August 2023

Buildings Policies
Score: 5 out of 30 points
Building Energy CodesList All

Overview

The State of Connecticut requires residential and commercial buildings to comply with the Connecticut State Building Code. The state’s code references the 2021 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). To learn more about the required building codes for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database

Commercial

New Haven requires 2021 IECC for commercial buildings The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 45.75.

Residential

New Haven requires 2021 IECC for residential buildings. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 50.48.

Solar-readiness policies

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted solar-ready ordinances.

EV-readiness policies

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted EV-ready ordinances.

Electrification policies

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted any electrification policies.

Last Update: September 2023

Building Energy Code Compliance and EnforcementList All

We were unable to determine the amount of staff effort dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city requires plan reviews, site inspections, and performance testing to verify code compliance. We could not find information regarding upfront support for energy code compliance.

Last Update: September 2023

Policies Targeting Existing BuildingsList All

Incentives

The City has participated in and promotes the State Green Bank's C-PACE program

The City's Livable Cities Initiative has an Energy Efficiency Rehabilitation Assitance Program that offers financial assistance for energy efficiency retrofits.  

Buildings are eligible for Floor Area Ratio (FAR) bonuses in the commercial gateway districts if they meet sustainability criteria, including LEED Certification.

Program outcomes

We could not verify if the city collects data on incentive and financing programs to ensure equitable outcomes.

Last Update: September 2023

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

Workforce development for disadvantaged workers

We could not determine if city has partnered with a local education institution, labor union, or community-based organization to create, support, and/or incentivize the development of clean energy workforce development initiatives that target training and support services for potential or existing workers from disadvantaged communities to obtain and keep in-demand jobs.

Workforce development for the broader community

We could not determine if city has partnered with a local education institution, labor union, or community-based organization to create, support, and/or incentivize the development of clean energy workforce development initiatives that target training and support services for potential or existing workers from the broader community to obtain and keep in-demand jobs.

Outcomes tracking

We could not determine if the city has instituted a mechanism to measure the performance and/or success of equitable workforce development initiatives focused on the clean energy sector.

Last updated: August 2023

Transportation
Score: 5.5 out of 30 points
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

New Haven's Climate and Sustainability Framework was released in 2018 and includes sustainable transportation strategies. 

VMT/GHG Targets and Stringency

The City of New Haven does not have a codified VMT or transportation GHG reduction target. 

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

The City of New Haven does not have a codified VMT or transportation GHG reduction target, and therefore cannot make progress toward the target. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

In 2021, New Haven modified its zoning code to allow ADUs in more districts by-right. 

Parking Requirements

New Haven has eliminated parking minimums in certain districts. 

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

The City of New Haven does not have location-efficient development incentives or disclosure policies. 

Affordable Housing around Transit

The city requires affordable housing near transit by having all new developments in the downtown area rent 10% of its units at 50% median area income, and 5% at 50% median income in areas around downtown. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

The City of New Haven does not have a codified mode share target. 

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The City of New Haven does not have a codified mode share target, and therefore cannot make progress toward the target. 

Subsidized Access to Efficient Transportation Options

We were unable to find information on programs or policies subsidizing access to efficient transportation for disadvantaged groups. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Public Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The transit entities that serve the City of New Haven have received did not provide data on average annually between 2017 and 2021 from local sources. We were unable to find the city’s per capita spending between 2017 and 2021 within the service area. 

Access to Transit Services

The AllTransit Performance Score measures a given community's transit access and performance. The score considers connections to other routes, access to jobs, service frequency, and the percent of commuters who ride transit to work. The City of New Haven’s AllTransit Performance Score is 7.9, scoring 2 points in the City Scorecard. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Neither the City of New Haven nor the local utility provide incentives for purchasing efficient vehicles. 

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

United Illuminating offers charging infrastructure rebates for residential and commercial properties, with 50% of vehicle supply equipment costs covered for commercial properties and provides up to double the maximum rebate for projects in underserved communities. 

Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Requirements

The City of New Haven does not require new developments to install EV charging stations. 

EV Charging 

The City of New Haven has 45.4 vehicle charging ports per 100,000 people available for public use. 

Electric School Bus Goal

Neither the City of New Haven nor the local school district have set an electric school bus goal. 

EV Transit Bus Goal

Connecticut transit set a goal of transitioning 100% of its New Haven bus fleet to electric by 2026. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Sustainable Freight Plans

The City of New Haven does not have a sustainable freight plan or freight mobility plan in place, nor is it pursuing any freight efficiency strategies. 

Open Data Portals

The City of New Haven does not have an open data portal with real-time freight data. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Community Energy Infrastructure
Score: 19 out of 40 points
Community Energy Infrastructure Summary List All

United Illuminating Company, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of New Haven. The primary natural gas supplier for New Haven is Southern Connecticut Gas, an IOU. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority is the water utility that provides the City of New Haven with drinking water services, while the Greater New Haven Water Pollution Control Authority manages the city’s wastewater treatment and stormwater management.

Last Updated: September 2023

Electricity and Natural Gas Efficiency SavingsList All

In 2021, United Illuminating reported 59,710 MWh of net electric savings at the meter.

In 2021, Southern Connecticut Gas reported 1.89 MMtherms of total net natural gas savings at the meter. These savings figures cover both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas’s entire service jurisdiction, not just New Haven.

United Illuminating offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and  customers. Southern Connecticut Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and  customers.

At this time, the City of New Haven does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating or Southern Connecticut Gas in the form of a jointly developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: September 2023

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in the Home Energy Solutions—Income-Eligible Program (HES-IE) available to qualified low-income residential customers in both single and multifamily buildings. Eversource also runs New Construction, Retail Products, and Residential Financing programs for income-eligible customers. The HES-IE program provides no-cost weatherization measures and low-cost energy efficiency upgrades. Direct-install weatherization measures include health and safety testing, blower door guided air sealing, duct sealing, installation of efficient domestic hot water products such as low flow aerators, low flow showerheads, and pipe wrap. Additionally, during the direct install visit the entire home is evaluated for the potential of add-on measure installations which are classified as appliances, insulation, window, hot water systems, HVAC system replacements.

HES-IE program implementers work with community partners to promote the program, such as local public health departments, nonprofits running lead abatement programs, hospitals, local housing agencies, and Community Action Agencies. HES-IE also coordinates with the Weatherization Assistance Program, as the programs cost share all energy efficiency products to help maximize the WAP funding on health and safety barriers. Additionally, HES-IE partners with lead abatement programs and hospitals to help leverage their health and safety funds to incorporate energy efficiency into as many homes as possible.

In 2021, United Illuminating achieved 5,326 MWh of savings, while spending $4,956,531 on its low-income program and serviing 5,023 households . Southern Connecticut Gas’s low-income programs achieved 0.38 MMtherms of savings, while spending $3,088,035 on its low-income programs and served 3,120 households.

Multifamily Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in Energize Connecticut’s Multifamily Initiative. This comprehensive program provides customized solutions for existing multifamily properties with five or more dwelling units, and includes: assistance with energy efficiency upgrade projects, comprehensive energy assessments of the building's energy-saving opportunities, and incentives and financing for energy-saving efficiency upgrades regardless of fuel type.

The Multifamily Initiative is offered to property managers, property owners, and architects for both market-rate and low-income properties. The Multifamily Initiative is open to any customer, regardless of heating fuel type, within the UI and SCG service territories. The Multifamily Initiative allows a customer to choose their own contractors and create their own contractual agreements with them for work completed. The Multifamily Initiative provides comprehensive energy efficiency upgrades by focusing on the building’s dwelling units, common areas, and exterior spaces. Tenant-occupied areas receive direct install measures, such as air sealing, hot water savings measures, ductwork sealing, and the installation of energy-efficient lighting. The Multifamily Initiative also provides incentivizes for add-on measures, which may include insulation, heating and cooling equipment, hot water heating equipment, appliances, windows, smart Thermostats, and lighting fixtures and controls. The Multifamily Initiative is tailored to the multifamily segment and combines aspects of the Companies’ residential energy efficiency programs, such as Home Energy Solutions (“HES”) and HES-Income Eligible, with the Companies’ commercial and industrial (“C&I”) programs, including the Energy Opportunities, Energy Conscious Blueprint, and Small Business Energy Advantage (“SBEA”) programs.

In 2021, United Illuminating’s multifamily efficiency programs achieved 2,764 MWh, while spending $3,322,440 and serving 5,092 households. In 2021, Southern Connecticut Gas saved 0.27 MMtherms while spending $1,985,752 and serving 3,334 households.

Last Updated: September 2023

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Southern Connecticut Gas provides automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for commercial buildings. United Illuminating provides community wide energy usage information for planning and evaluation purposes for the city through the ENERGIZE CT website.

The City of New Haven does not advocate for better access to utility data for ratepayers or the establishment of data-sharing agreements between the city and its utilities.

Last Updated: September 2023

Decarbonization and Climate Change Mitigation Efforts of Cities and Energy UtilitiesList All

Utility Climate Mitigation Goal

In 2020, Avangrid, the parent company of United Illuminating, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 35% by 2025 compared to 2015 levels (scope 1 emissions), and achieve carbon neutrality by 2035.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

In 2019, the Board of Alders City Services and the Environmental Policy Committee voted unanimously in support of a proposed resolution that would have the city formally call on the state legislature and the governor to pass to allow for Community Choice Aggregation to be created in Connecticut.

Clean Distributed Energy Resources 

The city has not adopted a formal policy, rule, or agreement that supports the creation of clean distributed energy systems. 

Municipal Renewable Energy Procurement 

New Haven has 2.8MW of photovoltaic panels installed on its school roofs. There is also an array on the Fair Haven Library and the Ralph Walker skating rink. 

City Renewable Energy Incentive and Financing Programs 

The City has participated in and promotes the State Green Bank's C-PACE program.  

Buildings are eligible for Floor Area Ratio (FAR) bonuses in the commercial gateway districts if they meet sustainability criteria, including LEED Certification. 

Last Updated: September 2023

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Citywide Water Efficiency and Goals

At this time, the energy and water utilities do not offer joint energy and water efficiency programs. At this point, the City of New Haven has not established a water savings target or goal.

Water Plant Efficiency and Self-Generation

We could not confirm if the water utility has set specific energy efficiency targets or strategies.

The Greater New Haven Water Pollution Control Authority operates one of the largest processing facilities in the nation for disposing fats, oils, and grease (FOG) and processes this by heating to remove 99% of the water and then uses the result as supplemental fuel in the sludge incinerator. In addition, the GNHWPA issued a Request for Proposals for the beneficial use of thermal energy from the exhaust gases currently discharged by the sludge burning incinerator at the East Shore Treatment Facility.

Last Updated: September 2023

Local Government Score:
3 out of 10 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Local government emissions reductions contribute towards the city's goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 55% below 1999 levels by 2030. ACEEE was unable to project if the city will achieve its near-term GHG emissions reduction goal for municipal operations because insufficient GHG emissions data were available for our analysis.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding an energy reduction goal for municipal operations.

Renewable Energy Goal

New Haven powers 100% of its government operations with renewable energy.

Last updated: June 2021

Procurement and Construction Policies List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on a formal fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, New Haven lists in its Climate and Sustainability Framework a goal to improve vehicle efficiency through implementing an ordinance to require the municipal vehicle fleet to meet a municipal efficiency of 30 mpg. We were unable to find data regarding New Haven’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

New Haven has a zoning ordinance that addresses excessive light. The City has converted all of its streetlights to LED. 

Onsite and offsite renewable systems

We were unable to find information regarding onsite or offsite renewable energy systems installed by New Haven.

Inclusive procurement

While we could not verify if the City has applied the policy to energy projects, all construction and construction-related contracts over $150,000 are subject to a 25% minority-owned business enterprise goal.

Last updated: June 2021

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking

We were unable to find information regarding New Haven’s benchmarking practices, but the City's Climate and Sustainability Framework states the intent to create a benchmarking program.  

Comprehensive Retrofit Strategy

We were unable to find information regarding a comprehensive retrofit strategy in New Haven, but a retrofit strategy is listed as a goal in the City's Climate and Sustainability Framework.

Last updated: June 2021