State and Local Policy Database

New Haven

City Scorecard Rank

n/a

New Haven, CT

Scored out of 100Updated
Local Government Score:
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

Climate Mitigation Goal

The city's 2004 Climate Action Plan includes a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from government operations 20% below 1999 levels by 2020.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding an energy reduction goal for municipal operations.

Renewable Energy Goal

New Haven has a goal to power 100% of government operations with renewable energy.

Last updated: March 2019

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

We could not find information on a formal fleet procurement policy or fuel efficiency requirements. However, New Haven lists in its Climate and Sustainability Framework a goal to improve vehicle efficiency through implementing an ordinance to require the municipal vehicle fleet to meet a municipal efficiency of 30 mpg. We were unable to find data regarding New Haven’s fleet composition. 

Public Lighting

We did not find information regarding the adoption of a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. We could not confirm if New Haven has an outdoor lighting upgrade program.

Green Building Requirements

We could not confirm if New Haven has adopted a green building policy requiring municipal buildings to exceed city-wide energy codes or obtain green building certification.

Last updated: March 2019

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting 

We were unable to find information regarding New Haven’s benchmarking practices or retrofit strategies. 

Public Workforce Commuting 

We did not find information on a policy aimed at reducing commutes of city employees, such as flexible schedules or telework.

Last updated: March 2019

Community-Wide Initiatives
Community-Wide Summary List All

The City of New Haven developed the Climate and Sustainability Framework to guide the city’s actions against climate change.

Last updated: March 2019

Climate Action and Energy Planning GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

Through the Climate and Sustainability Framework, New Haven established a goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, with an interim goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 55% below 1999 levels by 2030.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide energy reduction goal for the city.

Renewable Energy Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide renewable energy goal for the city.

Energy Data Reporting

The city does not report community-wide energy data.

Last updated: March 2019

Equitable Climate Action and Energy Planning List All

Equitable Community Outreach

The city did not increase its outreach to marginalized groups relative to other city constituencies in the planning and implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan.

Equitable Decision-Making

The city has not created a formal role for local organizations representing low-income or communities of color to participate in decision-making that affects the creation or implementation of a local energy, sustainability, or climate action plan. 

Accountability to Equity

The city has not established goals or published methods for tracking how energy, sustainability, or climate action initiatives are reversing any ongoing actions that disadvantage marginalized residents.

Last updated: March 2019

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

New Haven provides online permitting for solar systems.

Last updated: March 2019

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

We could not verify if the city has adopted an urban heat island mitigation goal nor if the city has adopted policies that target reductions in urban heat island effects.

Last updated: March 2019

Buildings Policies
Buildings Summary List All

New Haven does not have the authority to adopt building energy codes at the municipal level and thus enforces Connecticut’s code. We could not find information on city mandated benchmarking policies, incentives, or above-code energy action requirements.

Last updated: March 2019

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

Overview

The State of Connecticut requires residential and commercial buildings to comply with the Connecticut State Building Code which references the 2012 IECC. To learn more about the required building codes for the State of Connecticut, please visit the State Policy Database

Commercial

New Haven requires 2015 IECC for commercial buildings The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 55.0.

Residential

New Haven requires 2015 IECC for residential buildings. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 53.9.

Solar- and EV-ready

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted solar- and/or EV-ready ordinances.

Last updated: March 2019

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

We could not find information on the number of full time employees the city staffs to enforce the energy code nor on the city’s code compliance verification process. We could not find information regarding upfront support for code compliance.

Last updated: March 2019

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable EnergyList All

We could not find information on the number of incentives the city offers for energy efficiency, solar energy, and/or low-income energy improvement projects.

Last updated: March 2019

Required Energy ActionsList All

We could not find information on whether the city requires building owners to conduct additional above-code energy actions.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

We could not verify if the city has programs committed to developing a dedicated energy efficiency and/or renewable energy workforce.

Last updated: March 2019

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial and multifamily

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted a mandatory benchmarking and disclosure policy for commercial and multifamily buildings.

Single-family     

We could not find information on whether the city has adopted a mandatory benchmarking and disclosure policy for single-family home.

Last updated: March 2019

Energy & Water Utilities
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

United Illuminating Company, an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility for the City of New Haven. The primary natural gas supplier for New Haven is Southern Connecticut Gas, an IOU. In 2007, the Connecticut legislature enacted Public Act 07-242, an act concerning electricity and energy efficiency, which places new requirements for energy efficiency and establishes new regulatory mechanisms for utilities. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the Connecticut page of the State Database.

The South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority is the water utility that provides the City of New Haven with drinking water services, wastewater treatment, and stormwater management.

Last Updated: March 2019

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2017, United Illuminating reported 94,629 MWh of net electric savings at the meter, which represents 1.86% of its retail sales. In 2017, Southern Connecticut Gas reported 1.36 MMtherms of net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 0.50% of its retail sales across the utility’s service territory. These savings figures cover both utilities’ entire service jurisdiction, not just New Haven. United Illuminating offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. Southern Connecticut Gas similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and commercial/industrial customers.

At this time, the City of New Haven does not have a formal partnership with United Illuminating or Southern Connecticut Gas in the form of a jointly-developed or administered energy saving strategy, plan, or agreement.

Last Updated: March 2019

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2017, United Illuminating did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

At this time, we cannot confirm if city of New Haven participates in activities or strategies to help spur or encourage more utility-scale or distributed renewable energy generation from its local electric utility, such as testifying in public utility commission proceedings related to renewable energy, creating a formal partnership with the electric utility on renewable generation, or participating in utility planning efforts to increase renewable generation.

Last Updated: March 2019

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in the Home Energy Solutions—Income-Eligible Program available to qualified low-income residential customers in both single and multifamily buildings. Eversource also runs New Construction, Retail Products, and Residential Financing programs for income-eligible customers. The Home Energy Solutions program provides no-cost weatherization measures and low-cost energy efficiency upgrades. Direct-install weatherization measures include air sealing, duct sealing, lighting fixtures, water efficiency measures, and insulation. Additionally, during the direct install visit, the home receives an energy audit for potential add-on measure installations such as appliances, insulation, window replacement, hot water systems, and HVAC system replacements. The program may include a co-pay associated with the add-on measures. They work with community partners to promote the program, such as local public health departments, nonprofits running lead abatement programs, hospitals, local housing agencies, and Community Action Agencies. HES-IE also coordinates with the Weatherization Assistance Program, as the programs cost share all energy efficiency products to help maximize the WAP funding on health and safety barriers. Additionally, HES-IE partners with lead abatement programs and hospitals to help leverage their health and safety funds to incorporate energy efficiency into as many homes as possible.

In 2017, United Illuminating achieved 3,255 MWh of savings while serving 3,827 customers with their low-income programs. Southern Connecticut Gas’s low-income programs achieved 0.37 MMtherms of savings while serving 1,319 customers in 2017.

Multifamily Programs

Both United Illuminating and Southern Connecticut Gas participate in Energize Connecticut’s Multifamily Initiative. This comprehensive program provides customized solutions for existing multifamily properties with five or more dwelling units, and includes: assistance with energy efficiency upgrade projects, comprehensive energy assessments of the building's energy-saving opportunities, and incentives and financing for energy-saving efficiency upgrades.

The Multifamily Initiative is offered to property managers and building owners for both market-rate and low-income properties. The Multifamily Initiative is open to any customer, regardless of heating fuel type, within the UI and SCG service territories. The Multifamily Initiative provides comprehensive energy efficiency upgrades by focusing on the building’s dwelling units, common areas, and exterior spaces. Tenant-occupied areas receive direct install measures, such as air sealing, hot water savings measures, ductwork sealing, and the installation of energy-efficient lighting. The Multifamily Initiative also provides incentivizes for add-on measures, which may include insulation, heating and cooling equipment, hot water heating equipment, appliances, windows, smart Thermostats, and lighting fixtures and controls.

In 2017, United Illuminating’s multifamily efficiency programs achieved 1,241 MWh and served 2,140 customers with their multifamily programs. Southern Connecticut Gas saved 0.03 MMtherms and served 856 customers with their multifamily programs in 2017.

Last Updated: March 2019

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

Southern Connecticut Gas Company and United Illuminating provide automated benchmarking services through ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager for any commercially coded meter, which includes commercial, municipal, and board of education buildings. The City of New Haven does not advocate for better access to utility data for ratepayers or the establishment of data-sharing agreements between the city and its utilities.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

At this time, the energy and water utilities do not offer joint energy and water efficiency programs. At this point, the City of New Haven has not established a water savings target or goal.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

We could not confirm if the water utility has set specific energy efficiency targets or strategies. The city’s water system currently does not self-generate its own energy.

Last Updated: March 2019

Transportation
Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

New Haven's Climate Action Plan, released in January 2018, includes several measures to reduce transportation GHG emissions.

VMT/GHG Targets and Stringency

New Haven does not have a VMT/GHG target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

New Haven does not track progress towards a VMT/GHG target.

Last Updated: March 2019

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

New Haven’s zoning code includes mixed-use district overlays to encourage compact, mixed-use development. 

Residential Parking Policies

We could not confirm if New Haven has removed minimum parking requirements for single-family and two-family homes.

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

New Haven does not provide location efficiency incentives or require location efficiency disclosure.

Last Updated: March 2019

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

New Haven does not have a mode shift target in place for the transportation sector.

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

New Haven does not track progress towards a mode shift target.

Complete Streets

New Haven’s complete streets policy scored an 46.8 out of 100 according to the National Complete Streets Coalition.

Car Sharing

We could not confirm if New Haven has a supportive parking policy for carsharing vehicles.

Bike Sharing

The city has 152.66 docked bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: May 2019

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

New Haven spends an average of $30.48 per capita on transit.

Access to Transit Services

The city has an All Transit Performance score of 7.1 out of 10.

Last Updated: March 2019

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, New Haven does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

We could not confirm if the city has any incentives in place for EV charging infrastructure installation.

EV Charging Locations

New Haven has 8.40 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

We could not confirm if New Haven has any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation. However, the city’s electric grid mix is comprised of more than 85% renewables so any existing charging stations are already drawing on comparatively clean energy sources.

Last Updated: May 2019

Freight List All

New Haven does not have a sustainable freight transportation plan in place nor does it have any policies that address freight efficiency.

Last Updated: March 2019

Low-Income Transportation AccessList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

New Haven does not have any requirements or incentives in place to encourage the development or preservation of affordable housing in transit-served areas.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

New Haven does not provide any subsidies for efficient transportation options to low-income residents.

Low-Income Access to High Quality Transit

0% of low-income households (those that earn less than $50k annually) are located near high-quality, all-day transit in New Haven.  

Last Updated: March 2019