State and Local Policy Database

New York City

City Scorecard Rank

6

New York City, NY

67.00Scored out of 100Updated 8/2019
Local Government Score:
6.5 out of 9 points
Local Government Climate and Energy Goals List All

New York City’s One City, Built to Last: Transforming New York City’s Buildings for a Low-Carbon Future plan drives citywide climate and energy action. The city also released the 80x50 Roadmap to guide long-term climate and energy planning. 

Climate Mitigation Goal

The 80x50 Roadmap established a goal to reduce citywide greenhouse gas emissions 80% below 2005 levels by 2050, with the One City, Built to Last establishing an interim reduction goal of 35% below 2005 levels by 2025 for city operations. To meet this, New York City must reduce per capita emissions by 2.41% annually. The city is on track to meet its climate mitigation goals.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a municipal energy reduction goal.

Renewable Energy Goal

In the One City, Built to Last plan, New York City commits to installing 100 megawatts of solar capacity on city-owned rooftops by 2025.

Last updated: March 2020

Procurement and Construction List All

Fleet Policies and Composition

New York City has legislated fuel efficiency for public fleet vehicles, Local Law 38 of 2005 requires that the most fuel efficient vehicles in class for light and medium duty units be purchased; Local Law 76 of 2013 requires the City to achieve specific benchmarks in improving the fuel economy of City owned vehicles;  Local Law 73 of 2013 requires that biodiesel be used in City fleet trucks and also that the City retrofit or replace fleet trucks without diesel particulate filters; and Local Law 75 of 2013 requires the City to report on actual fuel economy for City vehicles, as opposed to the manufacturer’s list fuel economy.   Additionally, as part of the NYC Clean Fleet initiative to reduce GHG emissions by 50% by 2025, this city is planned to operate the largest EV fleet in the country at 2,000+ vehicles. The city has already purchased over 500 EV municipal vehicles. Furthermore, this city implemented a Clean Fleet Transition Policy (CFTP) as part of its published Fleet Management Manual and rules.  The CFTP requires that all vehicle replacements be as or more fuel efficient than the vehicle they will replace and that the Chief Fleet Officer approves any requests to replace any vehicle with a less fuel-efficient version. The City now operates over 1,750 on-road electric vehicles, the largest network for any municipal government. Light-duty fleet vehicles purchased during the most recent fiscal year achieved an average fuel economy equivalent of 100 miles per gallon. Additionally, the city met its goal of having 2,000 electric vehicles in its fleet by 2025 in 2019. The goal has now been adjusted to own 4,000 electric vehicles by 2025. New York City’s municipal fleet is currently composed of 26.9% efficient vehicles, including hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if New York City has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the city publishes a Street Design Manual, which includes a Lighting Catalogue, outlining options for both new and replacement street and pedestrian lighting for New York City. Additionally, the City of New York provides significant funding for lighting upgrades, including occupancy sensors, daylighting and other controls at City buildings.  To date over $63 million has been allocated for lighting-related upgrades at municipal buildings. The Department of Transportation is currently retrofitting all of New York's streetlights with LEDs. New York has upgraded at least 70% of streetlights to LEDs.

Onsite renewable systems

In the One City, Building to Last plan, New York committed to installing 100 MW of solar capacity on city-owned buildings by 2025. The city currently has 10.7 MW of solar installed.

Inclusive procurement 

New York established a Minority and Women Business Enterprise program. The city set a goal of having $25 billion go toward M/WBEs by 2025 and raised the M/WBE discretionary spending limits to $500,000. 

Last updated: July 2020

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking 

In December 2009, the city council passed four laws, collectively known as the Greener, Greater Buildings Plan, that require energy efficiency upgrades to and energy transparency in large existing buildings. In compliance with Local Law 84 of 2009, benchmarking results are reported for all city buildings that are more than 10,000 gross square feet that are owned by the city or for which the city pays all or part of the annual energy bill. In 2015, there was a total of 3,649 benchmarked facilities (288 million square feet), As a result, 95% of local government building square footage is benchmarked in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager.

Comprehensive Retrofit Strategy

The city conducts energy audits and retro-commissioning studies to measure the energy performance of its portfolio and identify opportunities for retrofits. The city then prioritizes buildings with the greatest opportunity for energy savings through a comprehensive retrofit targeting city buildings with the largest energy demands and most complex energy consuming systems. The city’s building retrofit program has completed over 190 comprehensive building energy efficiency retrofit projects to date, with annual energy cost reductions of nearly $10.5 million. Through the City’s Accelerated Conservation & Efficiency (ACE) program, the City invests in high-value energy efficiency retrofit projects in all its buildings. Since it launched in June 2013, ACE has awarded over $362 million for energy efficiency projects that are projected. These projects yield $49.5 million in avoided energy costs and approximately 125,800 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions reduced.

Public Workforce Commuting

New York City has a policy allowing municipal employees to use flexible schedules, but there is not a policy to allow for teleworking.

Last updated: July 2020

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 6 out of 15 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

New York City adopted OneNYC plan in 2019. New York City previously formally adopted the One City: Built to Last and 80x50 plans.

Last updated: March 2020

Community-Wide Climate Mitigation and Energy GoalsList All

Climate Mitigation Goal

OneNYC includes a goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. One City: Built to Last includes a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 30% below 2005 baseline by 2025. ACEEE does not project the city will achieve its community-wide GHG emissions reduction goal. 

New York City also releases annual greenhouse gas inventories.

Energy Reduction Goal

We did not find information regarding a community-wide energy reduction goal for the city.

Renewable Energy Goal

The OneNYC 2050 Plan includes a goal to achieve 100% clean energy by 2040. The One City: Built to Last includes a goal to install 250 MW of private sector solar capacity by 2025. 

Energy Data Reporting

Community-wide energy data is included in the city’s greenhouse gas inventories.

Last updated: July 2020

Equity-Driven Approaches to Clean Energy Planning, Implementation, and EvaluationList All

Equity-Driven Community Engagement

We were unable to determine whether relevant decision-makers have taken a unique and expanded approach in conducting engagement with multiple clean energy initiatives to marginalized groups compared to engagement with other city constituencies.

Equity-Driven Decision-Making

Local Laws 60 and 64 of 2017 required the city to establish an Environmental Justice Advisory Board, which has since been created. The Board consists of residents of environmental justice communities and environmental justice experts. The Board will work to create a citywide Environmental Justice Plan and will help the city incorporate environmental justice concerns into decision-making. 

Accountability to Equity

Executive Order 45 (2019) requires city agencies to annually report on key equity indicators.

Intro. 886-A sets up an Interagency Working Group to create a citywide Environmental Justice Plan that provides guidance on incorporating environmental justice concerns into city decision-making, identifies possible citywide initiatives for promoting environmental justice, and provides specific recommendations for City agencies to bring their operations, programs and projects in line with these concerns.

Last updated: August 2020

Clean Distributed Energy SystemsList All

New York City is currently building a district heating system and microgrid at the Red Hook East and West public housing complexes that integrate combined heat and power. The city is also pursuing a microgrid at the Hunts Point Distribution Center that includes solar and energy storage. The New York City Housing Authority also grants access to community solar subscriptions through its ACCESSolar program. 

Last updated: March 2020

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

UHI Mitigation Goal

New York City’s One City: Built to Last plan has a goal to coat 10 million square feet of rooftops white by 2025 to mitigate the effects of the city’s urban heat island.

UHI Policies and Programs

The city installs cool roofs at no cost to qualifying building owners through the NYC CoolRoofs Program. The city also provides cash and property tax incentives to property owners that agree to permanently protect undeveloped land through the city’s Conservation Easement Program.

Last updated: March 2020

Buildings Policies
Score: 25 out of 30 points
Buildings Summary List All

New York City has the authority to adopt building energy codes and enforces the 2020 New York City Energy Conservation Code. The city has included both solar- and EV-ready provisions in its city codes. The city has established a comprehensive energy code compliance verification process. Additionally, the city requires both commercial, multifamily, and groups of buildings on a single lot to benchmark and disclosure energy data. New York City also requires building owners to conduct several additional above-code energy-saving actions.

Last updated: March 2020

Building Energy Code AdoptionList All

Overview

The State of New York allows local jurisdictions to adopt building energy codes that are more stringent than the minimum state standards. The 2020 Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York (2020 ECCCNYS) is the minimum mandatory code for residential and commercial buildings. ECCCNYS 2020 is as stringent as the 2018 IECC for residential buildings and ASHRAE 90.1-2016 for commercial buildings. New York City Local Law 32 compels the city to pass a stretch code that is at least 20% more stringent than the state code. To learn more about the building energy codes required in the State of New York, please visit the State Policy Database.

Commercial

New York City has adopted the 2020 NYCECC. The city based the code on the 2016 New York State energy code with strengthening amendments. The city’s zEPI score for their commercial energy code is 49.8. New York City advocates for more stringent building codes at the state level through the NYC Green Codes Task Force, which recommends specific amendments to the state code.

Residential

Residential construction must comply with the 2020 NYCECC. The city’s zEPI score for their residential energy code is 47.0. New York City advocates for more stringent building codes at the state level through the NYC Green Codes Task Force, which recommends specific amendments to the state code.

Solar- and EV-ready

Appendix RB of the 2016 NYCECC requires developers to install solar-ready infrastructure in one- and two-family homes. The city’s building code also requires parking garages install electric vehicle charging stations.

Last updated: March 2020

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

New York City staffs an unspecified number of full time employees that are solely dedicated to energy code enforcement. The city requires plan review, third-party site inspection, and performance testing to verify code compliance. New York City also provides upfront support on energy code compliance through training sessions and pre-permit consultations with plan reviewers. 

Last updated: March 2020

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All

Commercial and multifamily

New York City’s Local Law 84 (LL84) requires commercial buildings larger than 50,000 square feet and groups of buildings on a single tax lot totaling 100,000 square feet or more to benchmark and disclose annual energy data through ENERGY STAR. Local Law 133 expanded LL84 to require buildings 25,000 square feet and greater to benchmark energy usage. 

Single-family     

The city has not adopted a single-family benchmarking and disclosure policy.

Last updated: March 2020

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings and Renewable EnergyList All

New York City offers three incentives for solar energy and low-income energy improvement projects.

The city established a property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing program for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.  The city also offers a J-51 tax abatement and exemption for energy efficient upgrades in affordable housing projects.

Last updated: May 2020

Required Energy ActionsList All

New York City requires commercial and multifamily building owners to conduct four above-code energy-saving actions.

Local Law 87 of 2009 mandates that buildings 50,000 gross square feet or larger undergo periodic energy audit and retro-commissioning measures.

NYC Local Law 88 of 2009 requiring lighting retrofits to meet current NYCECC standards, and to install electric sub-meters for each tenant space.

Local Law 33 of 2018 requires building owners subject to the city’s benchmarking ordinance to display an “energy efficiency grade” at each public entrance of the building.

Local Law 97 (formerly Intro 1253) of 2019 sets emissions caps for buildings larger than 25,000 square feet, beginning in 2024, which will cut carbon emissions at least 40 percent by 2030 and over 80 percent by 2050 from the affected buildings. Buildings that do not comply will face fines set at $268 per ton of emissions that are in excess of the individual building’s cap in a given year. By 2030, this law is projected to reduce New York City’s carbon emissions by 6 million tons. 

The city also offers a voluntary program, The Carbon Challenge, that is a public-private partnership between the Mayor's Office of Sustainability and leaders in the private, institutional, and non-profit sectors who have committed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 30% or more over ten years. The Mayor's Office provides support, resources, and recognition as participants pursue different energy efficiency improvements, efficient on-site generation, and sustainability initiatives.

Last updated: March 2020

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Workforce DevelopmentList All

The City University of New York offers course credit to participants in a high-performance green building program coordinated by local chapter 94 of the International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE), a trade union for construction workers. This program complements the city’s Local Law 87.

The NYC Department of Education offers several sustainability education and workforce programs. Through their Career and Technical Education programs, over 700 hundreds of teachers have been trained in green construction and solar, reaching over 15,000 students. In addition, the Department of Education ran a pilot to use solar installations on their own roofs to employ students as solar summer interns.

The New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) leverages much of its sustainability contracting to incentivize employment of public housing residents, and hosts a non-profit devoted to green workforce training for NYCHA youth.

The New York City Mayor’s Office of Sustainability launched an internship program with the City University of New York to train students and place them in building energy management roles in both public and private sector organizations.

Last updated: March 2020

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 9.5 out of 15 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Consolidated Edison (ConEd), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving New York City. National Grid, an IOU, is the primary natural gas utility serving New York City. The New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA) is the state-wide agency that administers energy-efficiency programs. To help ConEd and National Grid reach the EERS target, New York City is an active promoter of all efficiency programs. On the state level, New York City strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities. The State of New York requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and efficiency requirements in utility EEPSs. To learn more about the state requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the New York page of the State Database.

The New York City Department of Environmental Protection is the municipally-run utility responsible for providing drinking water, treating wastewater, and managing stormwater for New York City.

Last Updated: March 2020

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs and SavingsList All

In 2018, according to ConEd and NYSERDA, they achieved 476,871 MWh in total net incremental savings, representing 0.84% of retail sales. In 2018, ConEd spent $98,252,000 on energy efficiency programs, which represents 1.23% of its retail revenue. We were unable to determine spending from NYSERDA.

In 2018, National Grid NY and NYSERDA reported 20.83 MMtherms of total net natural gas savings at the meter, which represents 1.33% of retail sales across the utility’s service territory. In 2018, National Grid spent $21,606,957 on energy efficiency, which equates to $12.12 per residential customer. These savings figures cover the entire New York service territory, not just New York City. We were unable to determine spending from NYSERDA.

ConEd offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. National Grid similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

The City of New York actively partners with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the local utility companies, Con Edison and National Grid, to increase demand for energy efficiency programs across all building sectors. All three entities collaborate with the NYC Mayor’s Office of Sustainability to develop a coordinated strategy for NYC’s efficiency programs, including NYC Accelerator, which offers free, personalized advisory services to streamline building retrofits throughout the city. In April 2019, the New York State Utilities issued a joint filing with the Public Service Commission to establish energy efficiency targets and budgets for 2021 through 2025. These targets and budgets facilitate the achievement of New York’s 2025 goals.

Last Updated: March 2020

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

NYSERDA offers the EmPower New York program to qualified low-income residential customers in both ConEd and National Grid service territories. This program addresses both electric and natural gas end uses, while providing no-cost energy efficiency solutions including air sealing, insulation, replacement of inefficient refrigerators and freezers, water efficiency measures, thermostats, and new energy-efficient lighting in order to reduce energy consumption. Additionally, the EmPower program includes health and safety checks of smoke detectors and appliances. Households that receive HEAP benefits, utility bill payment assistance, or participate in the federal Weatherization Assistance Program are automatically eligible.

NYSERDA also offers the Multifamily Performance Program provides incentives for owners to incorporate energy efficiency into affordable buildings. A Multifamily Building Solutions Provider will work with the owner to evaluate the building’s systems holistically, creating a customized plan aimed at generating a minimum of 20% source energy savings along with reduced energy bills. ConEd also runs an independent Multifamily Low-Income Efficiency Program that addresses only natural gas end uses. This program provides an energy audit, followed by direct install measures in apartments and common areas, as well as prescriptive incentives for larger-scale HVAC upgrades.

According to ConEd, in 2018, its low-income programs achieved 10,093 MWh in electric energy savings, while spending $3,200,000 and served 1,000 low-income customers. NYSERDA’s low-income programs achieved 6,457 MWh savings for ConEd customers and 0.51 MMtherms savings for National Grid customers achieved 0.51 MMtherms. NYSERDA spending and customers served were not available in 2018.

Multifamily Programs

Con Edison offers the Equipment Rebates for Multifamily Buildings in the Multifamily Energy Efficiency Program (MFEEP). This comprehensive program provides prescriptive and direct install rebates for lighting, high-efficiency water measures, HVAC maintenance and weatherization, in-unit appliances, occupancy sensors, boilers, control systems, and insulation. The MFEEP offers increased incentives for affordable rate customers. Con Edison partners with local food banks to distribute LEDs through the food banks’ distribution networks.

National Grid offers a multifamily program that provides no cost direct install of high-efficiency showerheads, faucet aerators and thermostatic radiator valves. It also provides rebates for high-efficiency natural gas heating and water heating, insulation, programmable thermostats, boiler reset controls, steam traps and custom efficiency measures.

NYSERDA’s Multifamily Performance Program provides incentives for owners to incorporate energy efficiency into affordable buildings for ConEd and National Grid customers. A Multifamily Building Solutions Provider will work with the owner to evaluate the building’s systems holistically, creating a customized plan aimed at generating a minimum of 20% source energy savings along with reduced energy bills. For projects that could reach deeper energy savings, the High-Performance Component targets a minimum of 40% source energy savings with a maximum post-construction source energy use intensity (EUI) of 100 kBtu/sq ft./yr.

In 2018, NYSERDA launched the RetrofitNY initiative. The goal of this program is to drive market transformation by industrializing and standardizing the design and construction processes to achieve deep levels of cost compression, which will drive large scale adoption of deep energy and net zero retrofits in multifamily buildings. RetrofitNY approaches retrofits from a whole building perspective and targets multiple health and resiliency benefits as associated outcomes of building work-scope. NYSERDA funds are used in conjunction with other subsidy and financing offered from local, state and federal sources as a financing package coordinated through relevant affordable housing agencies.   

In 2018, ConEd’s multifamily program achieved 42,162 MWh savings, while spending $25,000,000 and serving 3,510 customers. National Grid’s multifamily program achieved 0.77 MMtherms, while spending $2,658,767 and serving 3,416 customers. NYSERDA’s multifamily program achieved 13,602 MWh savings for ConEd customers and 0.4 MMtherms savings in 2018 for National Grid customers. Customers and spending for NYSERDA’s programs in 2018 were not available.

Last Updated: March 2020

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

ConEdison developed software to aggregate electric energy usage by building address for automated entry into ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager and for use by building managers to better help commercial and multifamily customers with benchmarking and compliance with Local Law 84.

The Mayor's Office of Sustainability has advocated for data access in filings submitted to the Public Service Commission and Joint Utilities. The efforts have resulted in the 4/50 threshold, where tenant waivers are required if a building has 4 accounts or fewer of if any one account makes up 50% or more of total energy consumption in that building.

Last Updated: March 2020

Renewable Energy Efforts of Energy UtilitiesList All

Renewable Energy Incentives

In 2018, ConEd did not provide renewable energy incentives for the construction of new distributed solar or wind systems.

City-Led Efforts to Decarbonize the Electric Grid

New York City participates in utility rate cases and PSC proceedings related to renewable energy, such as on the value of distributed energy resources, community shared solar, and micro grid tariffs and regulation. New York City also engages with NYSERDA on the structure and implementation of renewable energy programs and advocates for transmission of large-scale renewables directly into the City’s electric utility territory. The City is also currently conducting a study with the local utilities to understand the pathway forward for carbon neutrality.

New York City has also been involved in capacity valuation proceedings at the NYISO and pushing for fair treatment of energy storage resources. In its Roadmap to 80 x 50, New York City also states that they "will continue to look to Con Edison as a partner in achieving 80 x 50, and will also continue to advocate for utilities to build upon these improvements and accelerate the transformation necessary for a 2050 grid that is renewables-based, affordable, and reliable."

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

City-wide water efficiency and goals

While the City of New York, which is a municipal water utility, does not jointly administer energy and water efficiency programs with private energy utilities, the energy utilities themselves offer water efficiency programs as a way to reduce both water and energy usage. Consolidated Edison provides energy-efficient and low-flow devices through their energy efficiency programs. National Grid has a Commercial Direct Install Program, which offers commercial customers no-cost installation of high-efficiency water and energy savings measures.

In 2019, NYC Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) released the updated Water Demand Management Plan, a citywide program targeting a 5% overall reduction in water consumption citywide by October 2022. The plan consists of multiple strategies and more than 21 initiatives to achieve a target reduction of approximately 50 million gallons per day.

Water plant efficiency and self-generation

DEP completed energy audits at all 14 in-city wastewater treatment plants and has accepted over 130 energy conservation measures (ECMs) that have the potential to reduce energy use by 2.9 MMBTU per year. While there is no set annual “target” for energy efficiency, the Agency is currently working on an integration study to align those ECMs with State of Good Repair (SOGR) plans and projects so that ECMs are completed concurrently with ongoing, necessary maintenance and repair work at the 14 in-city plants. Additionally, DEP had a target to beneficially use 60% its anaerobic digester gas for thermal and/or electric energy by 2017. DEP currently produces over 3.5 billion cubic feet of anaerobic digester gas (ADG) per year, approximately 60% of which is made of methane. DEP beneficially uses approximately 40% of the produced anaerobic digester gas (ADG). These efforts support the reduction target set by PlaNYC, where city government buildings are to reduce their GHG emissions by 30% by 2017 from a 2005 baseline. Internally, DEP has implemented a Standard Operating Procedure to govern energy conservation and GHG reduction design considerations during the project design lifecycle, from the selection of the designer to commissioning of the installed equipment. Energy design guidelines for unit processes or equipment accompany the SOP and provide guidance on how to increase energy efficiency with any new facility construction or reconstruction projects.

At the Owl’s Head WWTP, there are three 1.6 MW dual fuel engines to generate electricity at the plant which offset approximately 40% of the plant’s electric needs. Moreover, The Coney Island WWTP has four 1.6 MW engine generators. These cogeneration units have been in service for over 30 years. The plant is generating over 80% of total electric power from these engines and utilizes nearly 100% digester gas production at plant. Looking ahead, DEP is designing a 16 MW cogeneration system at the North River WWTP which will be operated at an average of 10 MW and will use ADG and utility natural gas. The system, which will be in operation by 2020, will meet the plant’s base electrical demand and all thermal heating needs.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transportation
Score: 22 out of 30 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving New York City is MTA New York City Transit. MTA manages the public transportation system of New York City including bus, rail, and subway service. The New York Metropolitan Transport Council is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses New York, Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley. The New York City Department of Transportation is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

Sustainable Transportation Plan

The City updated its strategic plan, releasing OneNYC 2050 in April 2019. The plan calls for a 70 percent reduction in transportation emissions by 2050 based on a 2005 baseline.

VMT/GHG Targets and Stringency

We have a goal of reducing transportation emissions by 70% by 2050 based on a 2005 baseline.

Progress Achieved Toward VMT/GHG Targets

The City’s GHG inventory is released annually.

Last Updated: March 2020

Location Efficiency List All

Location Efficient Zoning Codes

PlaNYC, New York City’s zoning code, designates a number of special-purpose districts for the creation of mixed-use development in the city. The New York Zoning Resolution governs citywide land use.  Its provisions address a number of policy objectives, neighborhood conditions and growth trends. Recent zoning initiatives have, for example, encouraged affordable housing through Mandatory Inclusionary Housing and fresh food stores. Where unique neighborhood characteristics warrant special provisions, special purpose zoning districts have established regulations that directly address specific policy goals. The intent of special purpose districts range from preserving unique building form to promoting specific uses.  

Residential Parking Policies

There are parking maximums in place for new developments in the Manhattan Core. Developers are required to provide less than one/half of a parking space per each new housing unit constructed in NYC with no required parking per multiple dwellings in designated “transit zones.” 

Location Efficiency Incentives and Disclosure

Many programs offer incentives, whether through a floor area bonus or a tax incentive, for density, affordability, etc. For example, when a district is “upzoned,” Mandatory Inclusionary Housing requirements apply and developers must build and guarantee a percentage of affordable units in any new construction.

Last Updated: March 2020

Mode Shift List All

Mode Shift Targets

New York has established a goal for 80% of all person-trips to be made by sustainable modes (walking, bicycling, or public transit) by 2050. 

Progress Achieved Toward Mode Shift Targets

The city conducted its first annual Citywide Mobility Survey this spring to gain an in-depth understanding of how New Yorkers get around. The survey found that 64 percent of all trips citywide were made using sustainable modes such as walking, biking, or transit. 

Complete Streets

The Department of Transportation (DOT) released Sustainable Streets: Strategic Plan for the New York City Department of Transportation 2008 and Beyond which is a complete streets strategic plan for improved infrastructure and transportation design, operation and maintenance. The plan also lists strategies aimed at improving street safety and reduced environmental impact.

Car Sharing

New York sets aside nearly 300 public spaces for car share vehicles in a pilot launched in 2018.

Bike Sharing

As of 10/29/2019, NYC was home to over 15,000 publicly acessible bikes and 841 docking stations. Citi Bike plans to double their footprint (by 35 square miles) and triple their fleet (to a total of 40,000) by 2023 through a $100M investment. Dockless fleets are currently in North Shore of Staten Island (Jump and Lime) and the Rockaways (Lime). Jump had also been operating in the Fordham area of the Bronx up to the end of August. The city has 186.837. bike share bikes per 100,000 people.

Last Updated: March 2020

Transit List All

Transportation Funding

The transportation entities that serve the City of New York have received $11,873,554,199 on average annually between 2014 and 2018. That equates to roughly $594.29 per capita between 2014 and 2018 within the Authority's service area. 

Access to Transit Services

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. The City of New York's Transit Connectivity Index value is 9.6, scoring 2 points in the City Scorecard.

Last Updated: March 2020

Efficient VehiclesList All

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

At this time, New York City does not offer incentives for citizens to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles.

Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives

ConEdison offers reduced electric rates for businesses that install publicly accessible electric vehicle quick charging stations. There is an additional declining capital incentive for electric vehicles fast charging infrastructure as well.

EV Charging Locations

New York has 4.834 publicly available EV charging locations per 100,000 people.

Renewable Charging Incentives

New York City does not have any incentives for the renewable EV charging infrastructure installation but has a large network of solar-powered vehicle chargers, with 87 in use.

Last Updated: March 2020

Freight System EfficiencyList All

Freight NYC outlines the need to move freight traffic from road to rail and maritime in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Freight trucks currently account for 10% of city-wide transportation emissions. The plan also highlights strategies for greening the freight supply chain through logistics consolidation, carbon neutral shipping and clean vehicle use.

Last Updated: March 2020

Clean, Efficient Transportation for Low-Income CommunitiesList All

Affordable New TOD Housing Policy

The city’s R10 Program promotes construction with a focus on location efficiency by providing density bonuses to developments that provide a certain number of affordable housing.

Connecting Existing Affordable Housing Stock to Efficient Transportation Options

New York City provides discount transit fares for low income riders and also discount memberships for its Citi Bike program.

Last Updated: March 2020