State and Local Policy Database

New York City

City Scorecard Rank


New York City, NY

79.50Scored out of 100Updated 5/2017
Local Government Score:
9 out of 10 points
Local Government Summary List All

New York's plan titled One City, Built to Last: Transforming New York City’s Buildings for a Low-Carbon Future, released in 2014, includes a greenhouse gas reduction goal for municipal operations. In addition, Executive Order 109 of 2007 contains an energy savings target for municipal operations. Within New York City's government, the Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS) Energy Management (DEM) group is responsible for implementing the long term plan to achieve the city’s local government greenhouse gas reduction goal. Their focus is on two building energy efficiency program areas that are expected to be responsible for more than half of municipal greenhouse gas reductions, namely building retrofits and improvements to building operations and maintenance as well as a significant upgrade to the city’s vehicle fleet.

Last updated: April 2017

Local Government Energy Efficiency Goals List All

Executive Order 109 of 2007 formally adopted a goal to reduce municipal greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption 30% below 2005 levels by 2017, from FY 2006 (30 x 17 Plan). Through the One City, Built to Last: Transforming New York City’s Buildings for a Low-Carbon Future plan, released in 2014, New York set a new municipal emissions target of 35% by 2025, from FY 2006 levels. This is an interim goal to lead by example in working to achieve the overall citywide goal of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, as finalized in Local Law 66 of 2014. Also as part of this plan, the City of New York publicly committed to investing over $1 billion to complete efficiency improvements in every municipal building with significant energy use (i.e. buildings that use over 5 MMBTU annually) by 2025. These goals were solidified in the passing of 2014 Local Law 66 of the New York City Council


To meet their greenhouse gas reduction goal, New York City would need to reduce emissions by 1.5% per year.


New York City is currently on track for its local government greenhouse gas goal.


Greenhouse gas inventories and progress reports are published annually and New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS) publicly reports on progress toward local government initiatives on a city webpage. The City reports on progress publicly through the annual Inventory of New York City Greenhouse Gas Emissions, which is Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventories (GPC) compliant, and other regularly released policy documents. The most recent policy update was provided as part of the 80 x 50 Roadmap. In addition, an annual update to OneNYC is also released to report on progress. According to most recent inventory of emissions released in 2015, local government emissions decreased by 17.3% since fiscal year 2006.

Last updated: April 2017

Procurement and Construction List All

Vehicle Fleets and Infrastructure

New York City has legislated fuel efficiency for public fleet vehicles, Local Law 38 of 2005 requires that the most fuel efficient vehicles in class for light and medium duty units be purchased; Local Law 76 of 2013 requires the City to achieve specific benchmarks in improving the fuel economy of City owned vehicles;  Local Law 73 of 2013 requires that biodiesel be used in City fleet trucks and also that the City retrofit or replace fleet trucks without diesel particulate filters; and Local Law 75 of 2013 requires the City to report on actual fuel economy for City vehicles, as opposed to the manufacturer’s list fuel economy.   Additionally, as part of the NYC Clean Fleet initiative to reduce GHG emissions by 50% by 2025, this city is planned to operate the largest EV fleet in the country at 2,000+ vehicles. The city has already purchased over 500 EV municipal vehicles. Furthermore, this city implemented a Clean Fleet Transition Policy (CFTP) as part of its published Fleet Management Manual and rules.  The CFTP requires that all vehicle replacements be as or more fuel efficient than the vehicle they will replace and that the Chief Fleet Officer approves any requests to replace any vehicle with a less fuel efficient version. As for web-based tracking technology, New York City uses NYC Fleet Focus which tracks all their vehicles in order to promote their efficient use. 

Note: For local fleet initiatives, policies listed must make a specific, mandatory requirement for increasing fleet efficiency. Local alternative-fuel vehicle procurement requirements that give a voluntary option to count efficient vehicles are thus not included.

Public Lighting

We could not confirm if New York City has adopted a policy requiring efficient outdoor lighting, such as the International Dark-Sky Association’s Model Lighting Ordinance. However, the city publishes a Street Design Manual, which includes a Lighting Catalogue, outlining options for both new and replacement street and pedestrian lighting for New York City. Additionally, the City of New York provides significant funding for lighting upgrades, including occupancy sensors, daylighting and other controls at City buildings.  To date over $63 Million has been allocated for lighting-related upgrades at municipal buildings. The Department of Transportation is currently retrofitting all of New York City's street lights with LEDs. By the end of 2017 all 250,000 standard street light fixtures in New York City are projected to be replaced. 

New Buildings and Equipment

New York City’s Local Laws 31 and 32 of 2016 require that projects receiving more than $2 million in city funding achieve LEED Gold certification. The building requirements apply to new construction, building additions, and substantial reconstructions of existing buildings for all city-funded projects. Local Law 119 of 2005 requires the city to follow Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) standards of energy efficiency in the use and acquisition of energy-using products including those with an ENERGY STAR label.

Last updated: April 2017

Asset Management List All

Building Benchmarking and Retrofitting

In December 2009, the city council passed four laws, collectively known as the Greener, Greater Buildings Plan, that require energy efficiency upgrades to and energy transparency in large existing buildings. In compliance with Local Law 84 of 2009, benchmarking results are reported for all city buildings that are more than 10,000 gross square feet that are owned by the city or for which the city pays all or part of the annual energy bill. In 2015, there was a total of 3,649 benchmarked facilities (288 million square feet), As a result, 95% of local government building square footage is benchmarked in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. The city conducts energy audits and retro-commissioning studies to measure the energy performance of its portfolio and identify opportunities for retrofits. The city then prioritizes buildings with the greatest opportunity for energy savings through a comprehensive retrofit targeting city buildings with the largest energy demands and most complex energy consuming systems. The city’s building retrofit program has completed over 190 comprehensive building energy efficiency retrofit projects to date, with annual energy cost reductions of nearly $10.5 million. In addition, through the City’s Accelerated Conservation & Efficiency (ACE) program, the City invests in high-value energy efficiency projects in all its buildings. Since it launched in June 2013, ACE has awarded over $362 million for energy efficiency projects that are projected to yield $49.5 million in avoided energy costs and approximately 125,800 metric tons of CO2e emissions reduced. 

Public Employees

New York City has a policy allowing municipal employees to use flexible schedules, but there is not a policy to allow for teleworking.

Last updated: January 2017

Community-Wide Initiatives
Score: 8.5 out of 12 points
Community-Wide Summary List All

New York City’s community engagement primarily occurs through GreeNYC, which provides resources and organizes events encouraging New Yorkers to use less energy and take small actions in everyday life to reduce personal carbon footprints.

Last updated: April 2017

Community-Wide Energy Efficiency GoalsList All

One City: Built to Last includes a greenhouse gas emissions target for all private sector buildings to reduce emissions by 30% from a 2005 baseline by 2025. This goal contributes toward a larger, citywide emissions target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from a 2005 baseline by 2050 (80 x 50) which was formally adopted as Local Law 66 of 2014. The city does not have a community-wide energy goal.

New York City releases annual greenhouse gas inventories, which track both the citywide 80 x 50 goal and the public buildings goal of 35% reduction by 2025. The city is not currently on track for its 2050 community-wide greenhouse gas emissions goal.

Last updated: April 2017

Efficient Distributed Energy Systems - District Energy and Combined Heat and PowerList All

In September of 2016, the city published the Roadmap to 80 x 50. As part of this analysis, the city assessed the technical potential of a range of distributed energy resources at the block level throughout the five boroughs of New York City. The city also looked at how it could further prioritize district energy solutions based on their ability to provide co-benefits in the areas of energy affordability, heat vulnerability, air quality, and flood risk. The city also led the development of a district heating system and microgrid that serves several public housing properties.

Last updated: April 2017

Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands List All

New York City’s One City Built to Last plan has a goal to coat 10 million square feet of rooftops white by 2025 to mitigate the effects of the city’s urban heat island. MillionTreesNYC is a city-wide public-private program to assist with the goal of planting and caring for one million new trees across the city’s five boroughs over the next decade.

The city installs cool roofs at no cost to qualifying building owners through the NYC CoolRoofs Program. The city also provides cash and property tax incentives to property owners that agree to permanently protect undeveloped land through the city’s Conservation Easement Program. The city does not have a private tree protection ordinance.

Last updated: April 2017

Buildings Policies
Score: 25 out of 28 points
Buildings Summary List All

New York has several building sector initiatives to improve efficiency including a stretch energy code, green building requirements and incentives, and required energy rating and disclosure for commercial and residential buildings. The Buildings Department manages the building energy code compliance and enforcement for New York City.

Set forth by the City’s mayor, the New York City Carbon Challenge, has established a goal to reduce citywide greenhouse gas emissions 80 percent below 2005 levels by 2050, and relies on private sector energy efficiency efforts to meet the target.

Last Updated: January 2017

Stringency of Energy CodesList All

The State of New York allows local jurisdictions to adopt building energy codes that are more stringent than the minimum state standards. The 2016 Energy Conservation Construction Code of New York (2016 ECCCNYS) is the minimum mandatory code for residential and commercial buildings. ECCCNYS 2016 is as stringent as the 2015 IECC for residential buildings and ASHRAE 90.1-2013 for commercial buildings. To learn more about the building energy codes required in the State of New York, please visit the State Policy Database.


New York city has adopted the 2016 New York City Energy Conservation Code (NYCECC) which is based on the 2016 New York State energy code with strengthening amendments. The 2016 NYCECC is more stringent than the ASHRAE 90.1-2013 and went into effect in October 2016. New York City advocates for more stringent building codes at the state level through the NYC Green Codes Task Force, which recommends specific amendments to the state code.


Residential construction must comply to the 2016 NYCECC, which is more stringent than the 2015 IECC. New York City advocates for more stringent building codes at the state level through the NYC Green Codes Task Force, which recommends specific amendments to the state code.

Last Updated: March 2017

Building Energy Code Enforcement and ComplianceList All

New York City has internal staff dedicated solely to energy code compliance. New York City’s Department of Buildings requires premise owners to hire specialists for progress inspections of the energy-code related project. New York provides upfront support for energy code compliance by regularly conducting energy code training and pre-permit consultation with plan examiners. Training specific to energy code enforcement is required for all Department of Buildings plan examiners. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Requirements and Incentives for Efficient Buildings List All

Green Building Requirements

New York City’s Greener Greater Buildings Plan targets energy efficiency in large existing commercial buildings.

Energy Audit and Retrofit Requirements

Local Law 87 mandates that buildings 50,000 gross square feet or larger undergo periodic energy audit and retro-commissioning measures. Commercial buildings are also subject to NYC Local Law 88 requiring lighting retrofits to meet current NYCECC standards, and to install electric sub-meters for each tenant space.

Incentives and Financing for Efficient Buildings

New York City provides one-year tax abatement of $4.50 per square foot for green roofs and 5 to 8 ¾ percent tax relief for solar panel-related expenditures. 

Last Updated: March 2017

Benchmarking, Rating, & Transparency List All


Local Law 84 requires annual ENERGY STAR benchmarking and public disclosure for large commercial buildings, specifically single buildings larger than 50,000 square feet, and groups of smaller buildings on a single lot that together are larger than 100,000 square feet.  This policy was enacted December 2009 and was implemented in May 2010. The data became public in September 2012. There is an online help room and reference guide to aid in compliance. Failure to comply with the law results in a $500 fine per quarter of noncompliance with a maximum of $2,000 per year for one instance. NYC annually discloses a dataset to the public. Reports have been released from 2012 through 2014.

In October 2016, the New York City Council voted to amend the law to include mid-size buildings that are larger than 25,000 square feet. Building owners of these properties will begin to report energy and water use to the City in 2018.


Local Law 84 requires annual ENERGY STAR benchmarking and public disclosure for large multifamily buildings. This policy was enacted December 2009 and was implemented in May 2010. The data became public in September 2013. There is an online help room and reference guide to aid in compliance. Failure to comply with the law results in a $500 fine per quarter of noncompliance with a maximum of $2000 per year for one instance. NYC annually discloses a dataset to the public. Reports have been released from 2011 through 2014.

Last Updated: January 2017

Energy & Water Utilities
Score: 13 out of 20 points
Energy & Water Utilities Summary List All

Consolidated Edison (ConEd), an investor-owned utility (IOU), is the primary electric utility serving New York City. National Grid, an IOU, is the primary natural gas utility serving New York City. The New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA) is the state-wide agency that administers energy-efficiency programs. To help ConEd and National Grid reach the EERS target, New York City is an active promoter of all efficiency programs. On the state level, New York City strongly advocates for additional spending requirements for energy efficiency projects for all of its utilities. The State of New York requires spending and savings targets for its utilities through an EERS and efficiency requirements in utility EEPSs. To learn more about the state-requirements for electric and gas efficiency, please visit the New York page of the State Database.

The New York City Department of Environmental Protection is the municipally-run utility responsible for providing drinking water, treating wastewater, and managing stormwater for New York City. 

Last Updated: January 2017

Electric & Gas Energy Efficiency Programs, Spending & SavingsList All

In 2015, according to ConEd and NYSERDA, together they achieved 681,653 MWh in net incremental savings for ConEd’s service territory, representing 1.20% of retail sales. To achieve these savings, ConEd and NYSERDA jointly spent $149,244,288 on electric efficiency programs in ConEd’s service territory in 2015, which equates to 1.83% of annual revenue. In 2015, National Grid (Brooklyn Union Gas Co.) and NYSERDA jointly reported savings of 3.53 MMtherms from natural gas efficiency programs in the National Grid Service territory, representing 0.35% of its retail sales. To achieve these savings, National Grid (Brooklyn Union Gas Co.) and NYSERDA jointly spent $13,652,221 on natural gas efficiency programs, which are normalized to $14.44 per residential customer. Spending on electricity and natural gas represented in this section covers the entire New York service territory, not just New York City. ConEd offers electric efficiency incentives and technical assistance to residential and commercial/industrial customers. National Grid similarly offers natural gas efficiency programs to residential and business customers.

New York City actively partners with NYSERDA, ConEd, and National Grid to increase participation in their programs. To implement these programs, the New York City Energy Efficiency Corporation was established. This non-profit is funded through $37 Million of NYC’s ARRA funding. NYSERDA-implemented programs are funded through rate-payer income from the utilities as well as approximately $250 Million of New York State grants yearly. ConEd and National Grid also collaborate with New York City on their Retrofit Accelerator, which offers free, personalized advisory services to streamline building retrofits in the city. ConEd and National Grid also work with the NYC Mayor’s office of Sustainability on efficiency projects.

Last Updated: January 2017

Low-Income & Multifamily EE Programs List All

Low-Income Programs

NYSERDA offers the EmPower New York program to qualified low-income residential customers in both ConEd and National Grid service territories. This program addresses both electric and natural gas end uses, while providing no-cost energy efficiency solutions including air sealing, insulation, replacement of inefficient refrigerators and freezers, water efficiency measures, thermostats, and new energy-efficient lighting in order to reduce energy consumption. Additionally, the EmPower program includes health and safety checks of smoke detectors and appliances. Households that receive HEAP benefits, utility bill payment assistance, or participate in the federal Weatherization Assistance Program are automatically eligible. ConEd also runs an independent Multifamily Low-Income Efficiency Program that addresses only natural gas end uses. This program provides an energy audit, followed by direct install measures in apartments and common areas, as well as prescriptive incentives for larger-scale HVAC upgrades.

According to NYSERDA, in 2015, its low-income programs for ConEd customers achieved 7,883 MWh in electric energy savings, while spending $4,933,450 on its low-income efficiency portfolio. These programs served 17,981 low-income customers, with each household receiving an average of $274 and saving an average of 438 kWh. Additionally, NYSERDA saved 1.55 MMtherms from ConEd natural gas programs and ConEd saved 1.03 MMtherms from its low-income multifamily program. NYSERDA spent $8,017,028 for natural gas low-income programs for ConEd customers, and ConEd spent an additional $3,360,000 for its multifamily low-income program.

According to NYSERDA, in 2015, it achieved 1.07 MMtherms in energy savings from its low-income programs for National Grid customers, while spending $7,645,304 on its low-income efficiency portfolio. These programs served 6,506 low-income customers, with each household receiving an average of $1,175 and saving an average of 165 therms.

Multifamily Programs

ConEdison offers the Equipment Rebates for Multifamily Buildings Program. This comprehensive program provides prescriptive and direct install rebates for lighting, high-efficiency water measures, HVAC maintenance and weatherization, in-unit appliances, occupancy sensors, boilers, control systems, and insulation. Certain buildings with low-income residents can qualify for in-unit energy surveys and no-cost direct install.

National Grid offers a multifamily program that provides no cost direct install of high-efficiency showerheads, faucet aerators and thermostatic radiator valves. It also provides rebates for high-efficiency natural gas heating and water heating, insulation, programmable thermostats, boiler reset controls, steam traps and custom efficiency measures.

Last Updated: June 2017

Provision of Energy Data by UtilitiesList All

In order for customers to access their own energy data, Consolidated Edison provides the Green Button data sharing platform. Con Edison also provides its customers with a variety of tools to save energy in their homes. The My Energy Toolkit includes guidance for understanding home energy usage reports, and various calculators to help customers understand and compare the energy intensity of appliances, lightbulbs, and home efficiency measures.

To help commercial and multifamily customers with benchmarking, and to comply with New York City LL 84, Con Edison developed software to aggregate electric energy usage by building address for automated entry into Portfolio Manager and for use by building managers. The aggregated data allows Con Edison to protect customer privacy and to deliver twelve months of building energy use, regardless of changes in tenancy. The energy data is delivered to the building manager to upload the data into Portfolio Manager.

National Grid, Con Edison and the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) contribute community-wide energy consumption data for the New York State greenhouse gas inventory. Con Edison shares electric, gas, and steam consumption data at the zip-code level with the city for public planning purposes. This data, in turn, has been shared with Columbia University for "heat mapping" at the community level. The city regularly provides comments and testimony to the New York Public Service Commission advocating for improved access to energy usage data to support the implementation of the City’s benchmarking and disclosure policy. The city has begun discussing access to quarterly or monthly data from utilities for community planning purposes.

The city has partnered with National Grid to participate in the Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Energy Data Accelerator Program to make it easier for building owners to get access to whole-building energy usage data for the purposes of benchmarking their buildings.

Last Updated: January 2017

Efficiency Efforts in Water ServicesList All

Water Efficiency

While the City of New York, which is a municipal water utility, does not jointly administer energy and water efficiency programs with private energy utilities, the energy utilities themselves offer water efficiency programs as a way to reduce both water and energy usage. Consolidated Edison provides energy-efficient and low-flow devices through their energy efficiency programs. National Grid has a Commercial Direct Install Program, which offers commercial customers no-cost installation of high-efficiency water and energy savings measures.

In 2014, NYC Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) released the Water Demand Management Plan, a citywide program targeting a 5% overall reduction in water consumption citywide by year 2021. The plan consists of multiple strategies and more than 21 initiatives to achieve a target reduction of approximately 50 million gallons per day.

The Municipal Water Efficiency Program provides funding for water conservation and water efficiency projects in city-owned facilities. Under this program, DEP has identified opportunities for water savings in more than 2,000 city properties, with estimated water savings of over 9 million gallons of water per day by the end of the program. DEP has retrofitted 370 of 400 spray showers in City parks and installed high-efficiency fixtures in 240 schools to date; retrofits for 500 schools are planned.  The porcelain from the schools is being recycled for an oyster bed project in Jamaica Bay as well as green infrastructure bioswales. DEP has also had success with its Water Challenge to waste water treatment plants, achieving 300,000 gallons per day in savings among 3 plants in 2015.

Under the Residential Water Efficiency Program, DEP launched a two year Toilet Replacement Program in 2014. Phase I of the program offers $125 vouchers for qualified multifamily property owners who replace outdated toilets with high-efficiency models. Approximately 1,300 vouchers for approximately 14,200 toilets in total have been requested thus far. 

The Non-Residential Water Efficiency Program promotes conservation in commercial and non-residential buildings through partnerships with the private sector. In the spring of 2013, DEP and the Mayor’s Office launched a water efficiency program called the New York City Water Challenge to Hotels, where eleven of the city’s premier hotels were challenged to reduce their consumption by 5% below 2012 levels. Similar programs targeting restaurants in 2015, and hospitals in 2016 are yielding meaningful water savings.

Additional DEP strategies under the Water Demand Management Program include Water Distribution System Optimization, Water Supply Shortage Management, and an Upstate Water Conservation Program. Most recently, DEP is developing a demand management program with our wholesale upstate customers. The first phase of this program is the provision of consulting services to assist upstate customers in developing demand management plans; the second phase will be the implementation of such plans. Demand management plans have been developed for eight upstate customers: The Village of Ossining, the Village of Tarrytown, Westchester Joint Water Works, the City of Mt. Vernon, the Village of Scarsdale, the Town of New Windsor, the Town of Greenburgh, and SUEZ Water Westchester (formerly United Water Westchester) that serves New Rochelle and other communities in lower Westchester.

Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation

DEP completed energy audits at all 14 in-city wastewater treatment plants and has accepted over 130 energy conservation measures (ECMs) that have the potential to reduce energy use by 2.9 MMBTU per year. While there is no set annual “target” for energy efficiency, the Agency is currently working on an integration study to align those ECMs with State of Good Repair (SOGR) plans and projects so that ECMs are completed concurrently with ongoing, necessary maintenance and repair work at the 14 in-city plants. Additionally, DEP has a target to beneficially use 60% its anaerobic digester gas for thermal and/or electric energy by 2017. DEP currently produces over 3.5 billion cubic feet of anaerobic digester gas (ADG) per year, approximately 60% of which is made of methane. DEP beneficially uses approximately 40% of the produced anaerobic digester gas (ADG). These efforts support the reduction target set by PlaNYC, where city government buildings are to reduce their GHG emissions by 30% by 2017 from a 2005 baseline. Internally, DEP has implemented a Standard Operating Procedure to govern energy conservation and GHG reduction design considerations during the project design lifecycle, from the selection of the designer to commissioning of the installed equipment. Energy design guidelines for unit processes or equipment accompany the SOP and provide guidance on how to increase energy efficiency with any new facility construction or reconstruction projects.

At the Owl’s Head WWTP, there are three 1.6 MW dual fuel engines to generate electricity at the plant which offset approximately 40% of the plant’s electric needs. Moreover, The Coney Island WWTP has four 1.6 MW engine generators. These cogeneration units have been in service for over 30 years. The plant is generating over 80% of total electric power from these engines and utilizes nearly 100% digester gas production at plant. Looking ahead, DEP is designing a 16 MW cogeneration system at the North River WWTP which will be operated at an average of 10 MW and will use ADG and utility natural gas. The system, which will be in operation by 2020, will meet the plant’s base electrical demand and all thermal heating needs.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

The DEP 2015 Green Infrastructure Annual Report states that NYC committed a total of $1.5 billion to installing Green Infrastructure throughout the next 20 years, from 2010 to 2030. In 2015, the DEP also began a Research and Development Program (R&D) that will build on existing monitoring and substantially expand DEP’s ability to collect new data on green infrastructure performance.

The city has a sustainable stormwater management plan that includes 30 pilot projects to test promising source control technologies. Changes to city building codes and zoning since the launch of PlaNYC include zoning amendments initiated by the Department of City Planning, requiring new commercial parking lots to include perimeter and interior green infrastructure, prohibiting buildings in lower-density districts from having paved yards, and requiring new developments city-wide to include street trees and, in lower-density areas, include sidewalk planting strips.

In 2013, DEP worked the Department of Buildings and other city agencies to extend the 2008 New York City Green Roof Tax Abatement—with some modifications—for an additional five years. This provides a one-year tax abatement, or tax relief, of $4.50 per square foot (up to $100,000 or the building's tax liability, whichever is less) to property owners that install green roofs.

Last Updated: January 2017

Score: 24 out of 30 points
Transportation Summary List All

The transportation authority serving New York City is MTA New York City Transit. MTA manages the public transportation system of New York City including bus, rail, and subway service. The New York Metropolitan Transport Council is the MPO in charge of conducting metropolitan transportation planning. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses New York, Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley. The New York City Department of Transportation is the city agency charged with managing the city’s transportation network.

Last updated: January 2017

Location Efficiency List All

PlaNYC, New York City’s zoning code, designates a number of special-purpose districts for the creation of mixed-use development in the city. Developers are required to provide less than one/half of a parking space per each new housing unit constructed in NYC with no required parking in multiple dwelling in designated “transit zones.” To promote construction with a focus on location efficiency, New York City’s R-10 program provides density bonuses to developments in medium- to high-density commercial neighborhoods that provide a certain number of affordable housing units.

Last updated: January 2017

Mode Shift List All

Modal Share Targets

New York has established a goal for 80% of all person-trips to be made by sustainable modes (walking, bicycling, or public transit) by 2050. 

Car and Bicycle Sharing

There are numerous car sharing programs currently available to the residents and visitors of New York City including enterprise CarShareMintConnect by Hertz, and ZipCar. The city is served by a bikesharing program, Citibike, with over 500 stations.

Complete Streets

New York City's Complete Streets Policy is the Department of Transportation's Sustainable Streets Strategic Plan for 2008 and Beyond.

Last updated: January 2017

Transit List All

The MTA transit system that serves New York City has received $12,020,520,130 in average annual funding from 2011-2015. This funding level is $595.60 per resident in the service territory of the agency. This puts the city in the highest category (>$400) available in transit funding. 

The Transit Connectivity Index measures transit service levels. It is based on the number of bus routes and train stations within walking distance for households scaled by frequency of service. New York City’s Transit Connectivity Index value is 46, putting it in the highest category (>39) available in the City Scorecard.

Last updated: January 2017

Efficient VehiclesList All

At this time, New York City does not offer incentives to purchase hybrid, plug-in, or EV vehicles. The city's Local Law No. 10 passed in 2013 requires electric vehicle charging ports to be added to all parking lots. The city has 207 EV charging stations available for public use. 

Last updated: January 2017

Freight List All

Sustainable freight plan

New York City employs sustainable freight strategies across a number of City agencies. The Department of Transportation has in place a Hunts Point Truck Replacement Program which provided voucher incentives to replace pre-2007 freight vehicles with newer more efficient trucks to service the region. The city has also reactivated the South Brooklyn Maine Terminal which will connect the City to the national rail network and provide more than 1,000 feet of berthing space for ocean-going vessels. In addition, New York City has a greenhouse gas reduction goal in place for freight transportation and specific strategies for achieving those goals within the NYC Roadmap to 80x50.

Smart freight

New York employs Cargomatic, an internet-based application that increases freight efficiency.

Last updated: January 2017

Sustainable Transportation Planning List All

The New York City Department of Transportation’s Strategic Plan focuses on safe, green, smart, and equitable transportation in the city. The plan announces 105 initiatives, including improving street safety to encourage walking, expanding bike lanes, enhancing transit, better managing freight, and restructure parking policy.

Last updated: January 2017

Low-Income in Transit-Oriented Development Areas List All

New York City’s R10 Program promotes construction with a focus on location efficiency by providing density bonuses to developments that provide a certain number of affordable housing.

Last updated: January 2017